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Pomeranian Information & Dog Breed Facts

Collection of all the general dog breed info about Pomeranian so you can get to know the breed more.

OriginGermany Poland
Group Companion Dogs
Popularity Rank22
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Other Names
What other names does the Pomeranian have? The dog breed also known as...
Pom, Pom Pom, Deutsche Spitze, Zwergspitz, Spitz Nain, Spitz Enano, Zwers
Breed Type
What type of dog breed is it?
Purebred
AKC Group
Is Pomeranian recognized by the American Kennel Club?
Recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1888 as a Toy breed.
FCI Group
Is Pomeranian recognized by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI)?
Recognized by FCI in the Spitz and primitive types group, in the European Spitz section.
Breed Recognition
What kennel clubs and organizations recognize or register the Pomeranian breed?
American Canine RegistryAmerican Kennel ClubAmerica's Pet RegistryCanadian Kennel ClubDog Registry of America Inc.Kennel Club of Great BritainNorth American Purebred Registry, Inc.American Canine Association, Inc.Australian National Kennel CouncilContinental Kennel ClubNational Kennel ClubNew Zealand Kennel ClubUnited Kennel ClubCanadian Canine Registry
Price
How much does the Pomeranian puppy cost? What is the price range of this puppy? What is the average price of this dog in the United States? Is this puppy expensive? How much should I pay for it? Pomeranian price:
$600-$800
If you choose to purchase the Pomeranian, you should know that the mentioned amount of money is an average of the collected data from breeders’ sites and puppy finder places. If you have a Pomeranian for sale, please advertise it on a reliable website to make sure the Pomeranian gets to a happy place.

General Appearance

Size
What size is this breed? How big is this dog? Pomeranian size:
Small
Weight
How much does the Pomeranian weigh? Pomeranian weight:
3-7 pounds (1-3 kg)
Avg. Weight
What is the average weight of the Pomeranian? Pomeranian average weight:
5 pounds (2 kg)
Height
How tall is the Pomeranian? Pomeranian height:
7-12 inches (18-30 cm)
Avg. Height
What is the average height of this fido? Pomeranian average height:
9.5 inches (24 cm)

Hair & Care

Coat
What type of coat does the Pomeranian have? What does this canine coat look like?
Fluffy
Colors
What color is the breed's coat? What color is a proper Pomeranian's coat?
Blue GrayRedTanBrownOrangeWhiteBlack
Grooming
How to groom the Pomeranian and how often?
Average: The Pomeranian requires average grooming effort. Cutting the dog's hair by a professional groomer isn't essential. Brushing the dog's coat is useful to reduce shedding. Ears and eyes should be cleaned regularly to avoid infections. Don't skip the seasonal flea treatment too. Dog nail trimming and dog bath can be helpful sometimes. Check the local pet store for dog grooming supplies and find the best dog shampoo to keep its coat healthy and to give your dog a pleasant experience of a dog bath. If you don't have the time, skill or money to take care of your Pomeranian, search for a dog groomer or clipping service in your area and book an appointment. Maybe you're lucky to have a dog boarding service that includes grooming or walk in dog bath places nearby.
Shedding Level
How much do Pomeranian dogs shed? How to control, reduce and prevent the shedding of the Pom? Pomeranian shedding level:
Pomeranians shed moderately. It's a natural process of the hair growth cycle. Regular brushing reduces the amount of hair that sheds. It mostly depends on their health status and breed type.

Characteristics

Temperament
What kind of personality does the Pomeranian have? What characteristics does the breed have?
ActiveFriendlyLivelySociableExtrovertedIntelligentPlayfulAttentiveDocileTrainable
Intelligent Rank
How smart is the Pomeranian? Are they intelligent?
Very smart: Pomeranian is an excellent dog breed. You can teach them many tricks and commands. The limit is your creativity. They understand and memorize new commands in 5-15 repetitions. This breed obeys for the first command 85% of the time or better.
Trainability
Are Pomeranian dogs easy to train? Do they go well on dog training?
Pomeranians are easy to train. They find out the association between commands and actions quite quickly.
Playfulness
How playful is this breed?
Pomeranians, like any other dog breed, like playing. Sometimes they bark as excitement for playing, but they are not the most playful dog breed.
Sensitivity Level
How sensitive are they? Pomeranian sensitivity:
They are a little bit more sensitive than other dog breeds. Soft punishment affects them emotionally. Pomeranians don't tolerate irregular daily routine, noisy household and frequent guest visits really well. They are receptive to their owner's emotions and make wonderful family companions.
Affection Level
How affectionate are they?
Pomeranians are genuinely loyal, soft and gentle, loving and affectionate dogs toward their handlers. They enjoy quality time with their owners despite the activity and considered as a great therapy dog for those in need. This breed responds strongly to their handler's emotions because they bond closely. Their happiness is your happiness.
Social Needs
How much social interaction does the Pom need? Pomeranian social needs:
Pomeranians need a lot of social interaction. They desire to always be with someone or around people. This breed hates being left alone.
Barking
Do Pomeranian dogs bark a lot? Why does my Pom Pom bark?
Average to high: The Pomeranian is a vocal breed. Not the best choice if you prefer a quiet breed. They often bark loudly and howl sometimes. They can change their barks depending on their emotional level and what they're trying to say. Different barks could mean the same and same barks could have a different meaning. Top reasons for barking: protection, alarm, fear, boredom, attention seeking, greeting, separation anxiety, compulsive barking.
Watchdog Ability
Is Pomeranian good as a watchdog?
Pomeranians are average watchdogs. If they sense something different, they will alert you, but the observation isn't considered as their main job.
Territorial
Do Pomeranian dogs have an aggressive behavior to protect their territory?
Pomeranians strongly protect their territory. This breed is a complete security guard, so you don't have to be afraid in case of danger.
Biting Potential
Do Pomeranian bite humans? How likely are you to get bitten from the Pom? What are the odds of getting bitten by a Pomeranian? Why do dog bites happen?
Low
The Pomeranian has a low chance of biting somebody. Top reasons for dog bite: protection, pain, excitement, herding instinct, being provoked. (Data based on the available online bite statistics.)
Mouthiness
How much mouthing/nipping/play biting does the Pomeranian do?
Pomeranians have lower than average tendency to nip, chew, play-bite, or herd people. It's a common habit during puppyhood, not aggressive behavior. These "bites" don't hurt, but Pomeranians need to be taught for a good attitude.
Impulse to Wander or Roam
How likely is the Pomeranian to run away? Does this breed wander a lot? Does Pomeranian roam?
Pomeranians are not the biggest explorers. They have low wanderlust potential. Low chance for escaping from home with this breed.
Prey Drive
Do this canine have a strong prey drive? Does Pomeranian have high prey drive?
Pomeranians have low to an average impulse to chase and catch something like a cat or any other small aminals.
Apartment Friendly
Is Pomeranian good as an apartment dog? Can they live in a flat?
Pomeranians are very apartment-friendly dogs. Besides the daily walk outside they don't require a big garden.
Adaptability
Are they adaptable and easy-going?
Pomeranians adapt very well to lifestyle changes and basically all living environments. They don't mind moving from one place to another with their owner.
Tolerates Being Left Alone
Can you leave this breed home alone?
Pomeranians tend to have separation anxiety when their owners left them alone at home because they bond very closely with them.
Fighting Dog
Where Pomeranian dogs used as a fighting dog in the history?
Not really
In history, this breed was not really used for combat dog.

Good With

Stranger Friendly
Are they friendly with strangers?
Pomeranians are not the most stranger friendly dogs.
Child Friendly
Are Pomeranian dogs kid-friendly? Are they good with young children? Pomeranian and children:
Pomeranians are not the most kid-friendly dogs. If you have children, you may have to reconsider your choice for having a puppy from this breed.
Cat Friendly
How well do Pomeranian dogs get along with cats? Are they good with kittens? What is this fido's temperament with cats?
Pomeranians are very cat-friendly dogs.
Dog Friendly
Is Pomeranian good with other dogs? Are they dog-friendly dogs? How well do Pomeranian dogs get along with other dogs? What is this canine temperament with other dogs?
Pomeranians are average friendly towards other dogs.
Office Friendly
Are Pomeranians good office dogs? Do Pomeranians make good office friendly dogs? Can Pomeranians be ofiice dogs?
No
Pomeranian is not the best dog breed for office environment.
Senior Citizens Friendly
Are they senior citizens friendly dogs? How well do Pomeranian dogs get along with the elderly people? What is the Pom temperament with senior people? Are Pomeranian dogs good for elderly owners?
Pomeranians are not the best breed for elderly people.
Pet Friendly
Are they pet-friendly dogs? How well do Pomeranian dogs get along with other pets? Are Pomeranian dogs good with pets? What is this canine temperament with other pets?
Pomeranians are one of the friendliest dog breeds.
Good For First Time Owners
Is Pomeranian breed good for first-time owners? Do they make a good dog for novice owners?
No
Pomeranians are not good for novice owners, due to their stubborn personality.
Service Dog
Are they good as service dogs? Can Pomeranian be a service dog?
Yes
This breed makes good as a service dog. A service dog is a term used in the USA to refer to any type of assistance dog specifically trained to help people who have disabilities, such as visual impairment, hearing impairments, mental disorders, seizures, mobility impairment, and diabetes. Service dogs are protected under the ADA (Americans with Disabilities Act). Pomeranian breed is a good choice for service purposes.
Therapy Dog
Are they good as therapy dogs? Can Pomeranian be a therapy dog?
Yes
This breed makes a perfect therapy dog. A therapy dog is a dog that might be trained to provide affection, comfort, and love to people in hospitals, retirement homes, nursing homes, schools, hospices, disaster areas, and to people with anxiety disorders or autism. Pomeranian breed is a good choice for therapeutic purposes.
Detection Dog or Sniffer Dog
Are they good as detection dogs? Can Pomeranian be a sniffer dog?
Not really
A detection dog or sniffer dog is a dog that is trained to use its senses (mostly its smell) to detect substances such as explosives, illegal drugs, wildlife scat, currency, blood, and contraband electronics such as illicit mobile phones. Pomeranian is not the best breed for detection purposes.
Search and Rescue Dog (SAR)
Are they good as SAR dogs? Can Pomeranian be a search and rescue dog?
Not really
The use of dogs in search and rescue (SAR) is a valuable component in wilderness tracking, natural disasters, mass casualty events, and in locating missing people. The Pomeranian is not the best breed for SAR purposes.
Boat Dog
Are they good as boat dogs? Can Pomeranian be a boat dog?
Not really
Pomeranian breed usually doesn't like being on a boat.
Cart Pulling or Drafting Dog
Are they good as cart pulling dogs? Can Pomeranian be a drafting dog?
Not really
A drafting dog or draft dog is a dog bred and used for cart pulling. Dogs bred for this work have strong builds and qualities that are needed, strength and determination. Pomeranian is not the best breed for drafting purposes.

Health Factors

Health Issues
Is it a healthy breed? Do Pomeranian dogs have health problems?
Egészségesek Pomeranian fajták, de vannak bizonyos egészségügyi problémáik, amelyeket rendszeresen ellenőrizned kell az állatorvossal.
Health Problems
What health problems does the Pomeranian breed have? What are the health issues and concerns of the Pomeranian breed? Health risks of Pomeranian:
AllergiesCataractsCollapsed TracheaDry EyeEpilepsyHeat IntoleranceHeatstrokeHip DysplasiaHypothyroidismLegg-perthes DiseasePatellar LuxationPatent Ductus ArteriosisSeizures
Life Expectancy
How long do Pomeranian dogs live? What is the average lifespan of this breed? How old can a Pomeranian be?
12-16 years
Hypoallergenic
Is the Pomeranian breed hypoallergenic?
No
Pomeranians don't do well with allergy sufferers by causing allergic reaction. Some of the dog breeds are even considered to higher the possibility of an allergic response. Coat type isn't necessarily relevant, because most people are allergic to dander (flakes on the dog's skin) or saliva, not actually to dog hair.
Energy Level
How much energy does the Pomeranian have?
Pomeranians have an average energy level, so if you live a semi-active life, this breed can be a good choice for you.
Exercise Need
How much exercise does this dog need? How much exercise do Pomeranian dogs require per day?
Pomeranians exercise need is minimal. If you live a slow life, this breed can be a good choice for you.
Sleeping Need
How much sleep does this fido need?
Pomeranians sleep 12-14 hours a day as an average dog and they're not considered as a lazy breed.
Avg. daily food consumption
How much food does the Pomeranian need? How often should I feed my canine? What dog products should I buy?
Recommended daily amount: 1/4 to 1/2 cup of high-quality dry food a day, divided into two meals.
Weight Gain Potential
How easy to gain weight for this dog? Pomeranian risk for obesity:
Average to High. If you don't pay attention to the Pomeranian's weight, he can easily gain weight. More than one daily walk should be on schedule. To make your dog happy and fit, feed him with quality dry dog food and live an active life together. Try to find the happy medium between exercise and feeding. If you notice any weight gain, consult your veterinarian and make a diet plan. Reduce unhealthy food and snacks, and measure the Pomeranian's weight regularly.
Weather & Climate
Which weather condition is preferred by this dog? Can they tolerate hot and cold weather & climate?
Prefers average to cold weather conditions
The Pomeranian can adapt to well to cold weather conditions, some dogs even can be a good mountain dog.
Stinkiness
How stinky is this dog? Why does it smell bad and how to get rid of the smell?
Medium
The Pomeranian has an average chance of bad smell. Top reasons for dog stinkiness: infection of bad tooth/ear/skin folds, gas attacks.
Drooling tendency
Does the Pomeranian drool?
The Pomeranian is a perfect example for very low drooling tendency. If you're disgusted by slobber spots on your clothes, the Pomeranian could be a perfect choice for you. Drooling is the unintentional saliva flowing outside of the mouth. It can be completely normal or a sign of a health problem. Certain dog breeds drool minimal compared to others, just like the Pomeranian. If you notice any change in your dog's drooling habit, you should contact a vet as soon as possible.

Reproducibility

Gestation Length
How long does this dog's pregnancy last? How long does it take to have Pomeranian puppies?
60-64 days
Reproductive cycle of the female Pomeranian: The first period called Proestrus lasts for about 9 days. During this time the females start to attract males. You can notice by swelling vulva and bloody discharge. The second part is the Estrus when the bitch is receptive for the male. It lasts for about 3 to 11 days. The sign of the proestrus part is the soft and enlarged vulva. The discharge decreases and lightens in color. The third part is the Diestrus. Normally, it occurs around day 14. In this period the bitch’s discharge changes for vivid red and coming to its end. The vulva returns to average, and she will no longer permit mating. The fourth part called the Anestrus. The time frame between heat periods normally lasts about six months.
How often can the Pomeranian have a litter? Once a year.
More frequent breeding is not healthy. It is very important not to buy a dog from a puppy mill, where the needs of the pups and their mothers are ignored. It's an inhumane high-volume dog breeding facility, where puppies born several times a year.
Litter Size
How many puppies can the Pomeranian have? What is the average litter size of this fido?
2-5 puppies

Pros & Cons of Pomeranian

Pros
  • Intelligent Rank: Very smart: Pomeranian is an excellent dog breed.
  • Trainability: Pomeranians are easy to train.
  • Apartment Friendly: Pomeranians are very apartment-friendly dogs.
  • Drooling tendency: The Pomeranian is a perfect example for very low drooling tendency.
  • Mouthiness: Pomeranians have lower than average tendency to nip, chew, play-bite, or herd people.
  • Impulse to Wander or Roam: Pomeranians are not the biggest explorers.
  • Adaptability: Pomeranians adapt very well to lifestyle changes and basically all living environments.
  • Cat Friendly: Pomeranians are very cat-friendly dogs.
  • Service Dog: This breed makes good as a service dog.
  • Therapy Dog: This breed makes a perfect therapy dog.
Cons
  • Hypoallergenic: Pomeranians don't do well with allergy sufferers by causing allergic reaction.
  • Weight Gain Potential: Average to High.
  • Tolerates Being Left Alone: Pomeranians tend to have separation anxiety when their owners left them alone at home because they bond very closely with them.
  • Child Friendly: Pomeranians are not the most kid-friendly dogs.
  • Office Friendly: Pomeranian is not the best dog breed for office environment.
  • Senior Citizens Friendly: Pomeranians are not the best breed for elderly people.
  • Good For First Time Owners: Pomeranians are not good for novice owners, due to their stubborn personality.

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