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Border Collie vs Golden Retriever vs German Shepherd Comparison - Dog breed selector: Scotch Sheep Dog or Yellow Retriever or Alsatian? Find the right dog for you

"Find similarities and differences between Border Collie vs Golden Retriever vs German Shepherd" Compare Border Collie and Golden Retriever. Which is better: Border Collie or Golden Retriever or German Shepherd?
Name Border Collie Golden Retriever German Shepherd
OriginsEngland Scotland Wales Scotland Germany
Group Pastoral Dogs (Herding Dogs) Gun Dog Pastoral Dogs (Herding Dogs)
Popularity Rank3832
Reviews11711
User Ratings

Other Names Scotch Sheep Dog, Sheepdog Yellow Retriever, Golden Flat Coat Alsatian, Berger Allemand, Alsatian wolf dog (UK), Deutscher Schäferhund, Schäferhund
Breed Type Purebred Purebred Purebred
AKC Group Recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1995 as a Herding breed. Recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1925 as a Sporting breed. Recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1908 as a Herding breed.
FCI Group Recognized by FCI in the Sheepdogs and Cattledogs (except Swiss Cattledogs) group, in the Sheepdogs section. Recognized by FCI in the Retrievers - Flushing Dogs - Water Dogs group, in the Retrievers section. Recognized by FCI in the Sheepdogs and Cattledogs (except Swiss Cattledogs) group, in the Sheepdogs section.
Breed Recognition American Canine Registry
American Kennel Club
America's Pet Registry
Dog Registry of America Inc.
Federation Cynologique Internationale
Kennel Club of Great Britain
North American Purebred Registry, Inc.
American Canine Association, Inc.
Australian National Kennel Council
Continental Kennel Club
National Kennel Club
New Zealand Kennel Club
United Kennel Club
The American Int. Border Collie Registry
The American Border Collie Association
American Canine Registry
American Kennel Club
America's Pet Registry
Canadian Kennel Club
Dog Registry of America Inc.
Federation Cynologique Internationale
Kennel Club of Great Britain
North American Purebred Registry, Inc.
American Canine Association, Inc.
Australian National Kennel Council
Continental Kennel Club
National Kennel Club
New Zealand Kennel Club
United Kennel Club
American Canine Registry
American Kennel Club
America's Pet Registry
Canadian Kennel Club
Dog Registry of America Inc.
Federation Cynologique Internationale
Kennel Club of Great Britain
North American Purebred Registry, Inc.
American Canine Association, Inc.
Australian National Kennel Council
Continental Kennel Club
National Kennel Club
New Zealand Kennel Club
United Kennel Club
German Shepherd Dog Club Of America
Price $600-$800 $1000-$2000 $800-$2000

Border Collie vs Golden Retriever vs German Shepherd General Appearance Comparison

Size Large Large Large
Weight Male: 30-45 pounds (14-20 kg), Female: 27-42 pounds (12-19 kg) Male: 60-80 pounds (27-36 kg), Female: 55-70 pounds (25-32 kg) Male: 66-88 pounds (30-40 kg), Female: 49-71 pounds (22-32 kg)
Avg. Weight Male: 37.5 pounds (17 kg), Female: 34.5 pounds (15.5 kg) Male: 70 pounds (31.5 kg), Female: 62.5 pounds (28.5 kg) Male: 77 pounds (35 kg), Female: 60 pounds (27 kg)
Height Male: 19-22 inches (48-56 cm), Female: 18-21 inches (46-53 cm) Male: 22-24 inches (56-61cm), Female: 20-22 inches (51-56 cm) Male: 24-26 inches (60-65 cm), Female: 22-24 inches (55-60 cm)
Avg. Height Male: 20.5 inches (52 cm), Female: 19.5 inches (49.5 cm) Male: 23 inches (58.5 cm), Female: 21 inches (53.5 cm) Male: 25 inches (62.5 cm), Female: 23 inches (57.5 cm)

Border Collie vs Golden Retriever vs German Shepherd Hair & Care Comparison

Coat Dense
Feathered
Straight
Short
Moderately Long
Silky
Wavy
Shiny
Straight
Fuzzy
Colors Black & White
Tricolor
Tan
Blue merle
Blue merle-tricolor
Slate merle
Red merle
Black
Brindle
Gold
Lilac
Red
Sable
Sable Merle
Saddleback Sable
White & Blue
White & Blue Merle
White & Red
White & Red Merle
White Ticked
Seal
Slate
White & Gold
White & Sable
White & Seal
Golden
Light
Silver
Tan
Red
Black
Grooming
Average: The Border Collie requires average grooming effort.
Average: The Golden Retriever requires average grooming effort.
Average: The German Shepherd requires average grooming effort.
Shedding Level
Border Collies shed moderately.
Golden Retrievers shed moderately.
German Shepherds are heavy shedders.

Border Collie vs Golden Retriever vs German Shepherd Characteristics Comparison

Temperament Intelligent
Alert
Tenacious
Protective
Energetic
Responsive
Loyal
Confident
Intelligent
Reliable
Friendly
Kind
Trustworthy
Alert
Courageous
Intelligent
Obedient
Confident
Curious
Loyal
Watchful
Intelligent Rank
Outstanding: Border Collie is one of the brightest dog breeds.
Outstanding: Golden Retriever is one of the brightest dog breeds.
Outstanding: German Shepherd is one of the brightest dog breeds.
Trainability
Border Collies are easy to train.
Golden Retrievers are easy to train.
German Shepherds are easy to train.
Playfulness
The Border Collie is a highly playful breed.
The Golden Retriever is a highly playful breed.
German Shepherds, like any other dog breed, like playing.
Sensitivity Level
Border Collies don't like an irregular daily routine, noisy household and frequent guest visits.
Golden Retrievers have an average emotional level and are not the most sensitive dog breed.
German Shepherds don't like an irregular daily routine, noisy household and frequent guest visits.
Affection Level
Border Collies are genuinely loyal, soft and gentle, loving and affectionate dogs toward their handlers.
Golden Retrievers are genuinely loyal, soft and gentle, loving and affectionate dogs toward their handlers.
German Shepherds are genuinely loyal, soft and gentle, loving and affectionate dogs toward their handlers.
Social Needs
Border Collies need a lot of social interaction.
Golden Retrievers need a lot of social interaction.
German Shepherds need for social interaction is average.
Barking
Low to Average: The Border Collie rarely barks.
Low to Average: The Golden Retriever rarely barks.
Low to Average: The German Shepherd rarely barks.
Watchdog Ability
Border Collies are one of the best watchdogs.
Golden Retrievers are average watchdogs.
German Shepherds are one of the best watchdogs.
Territorial
Border Collies are extremely protective guard dogs.
Golden Retrievers are average defenders.
German Shepherds are extremely protective guard dogs.
Biting Potential Low
The Border Collie has a low chance of biting somebody.
Moderate
The Golden Retriever has an average chance of biting somebody.
High
The German Shepherd has a high chance of biting somebody.
Mouthiness
Border Collies have a strong tendency to nip, chew, play-bite, or herd people.
Golden Retrievers have a strong tendency to nip, chew, play-bite, or herd people.
German Shepherds have a strong tendency to nip, chew, play-bite, or herd people.
Impulse to Wander or Roam
Border Collies have average wanderlust potential.
Golden Retrievers tend to escape less than other breeds.
German Shepherds are not the biggest explorers.
Prey Drive
Border Collies have an average prey drive, which means that they don't have a high impulse to chase and catch something like a cat or any other small aminals, but it might happen.
Golden Retrievers have an average prey drive, which means that they don't have a high impulse to chase and catch something like a cat or any other small aminals, but it might happen.
German Shepherds have a higher impulse to chase and catch something than other dog breeds.
Apartment Friendly
Border Collies are not recommended for an apartment lifestyle.
Golden Retrievers are not recommended for an apartment lifestyle.
German Shepherds are not the best choice for an apartment lifestyle, but they don't mind being inside if you walk them several times every day.
Adaptability
Border Collies adapt very well to lifestyle changes and basically all living environments.
Golden Retrievers adapt very well to lifestyle changes and basically all living environments.
German Shepherds adapt very well to lifestyle changes and basically all living environments.
Tolerates Being Left Alone
Border Collies tend to have separation anxiety when their owners left them alone at home because they bond very closely with them.
Golden Retrievers tend to have separation anxiety when their owners left them alone at home because they bond very closely with them.
Just like every puppy, they are prone to panic, cry, bark, whine when they left alone by their owner.
Fighting Dog Not really
In history, this breed was not really used for combat dog.
Not really
In history, this breed was not really used for combat dog.
Yes
In history, this breed was unfortunately used for combat dog.

Border Collie vs Golden Retriever vs German Shepherd Good With Comparison

Stranger Friendly
Border Collies are average friendly towards strangers.
Golden Retrievers are very stranger friendly dogs.
German Shepherds are stranger friendly dogs.
Child Friendly
Border Collies are very kid-friendly dogs.
Golden Retrievers are very kid-friendly dogs.
German Shepherds are very kid-friendly dogs.
Cat Friendly
Border Collies are average friendly towards cats.
Golden Retrievers are cat-friendly dogs.
German Shepherds are average friendly towards cats.
Dog Friendly
Border Collies are average friendly towards other dogs.
Golden Retrievers are very dog-friendly dogs.
German Shepherds are not the most dog-friendly dogs.
Office Friendly No
Border Collie is not the best dog breed for office environment.
Yes
Golden Retriever is one of the best dog breeds for office environment
No
German Shepherd is not the best dog breed for office environment.
Senior Citizens Friendly
Border Collies are one of the best breeds for elderly people.
Golden Retrievers are one of the best breeds for elderly people.
German Shepherds are one of the best breeds for elderly people.
Pet Friendly
Border Collies are generally with other pets.
Golden Retrievers are usually friendly towards other pets.
German Shepherds are generally with other pets.
Good For First Time Owners No
Border Collies are not good for novice owners, due to their stubborn personality.
Yes
Golden Retrievers are good for novice owners, due to their easy-going personality.
No
German Shepherds are not good for novice owners, due to their stubborn personality.
Service Dog Yes
This breed makes good as a service dog.
Yes
This breed makes good as a service dog.
Yes
This breed makes good as a service dog.
Therapy Dog Yes
This breed makes a perfect therapy dog.
Yes
This breed makes a perfect therapy dog.
Yes
This breed makes a perfect therapy dog.
Detection Dog or Sniffer Dog Yes
A detection dog or sniffer dog is a dog that is trained to use its senses (mostly its smell) to detect substances such as explosives, illegal drugs, wildlife scat, currency, blood, and contraband electronics such as illicit mobile phones.
Yes
A detection dog or sniffer dog is a dog that is trained to use its senses (mostly its smell) to detect substances such as explosives, illegal drugs, wildlife scat, currency, blood, and contraband electronics such as illicit mobile phones.
Yes
A detection dog or sniffer dog is a dog that is trained to use its senses (mostly its smell) to detect substances such as explosives, illegal drugs, wildlife scat, currency, blood, and contraband electronics such as illicit mobile phones.
Search and Rescue Dog (SAR) Yes
The use of dogs in search and rescue (SAR) is a valuable component in wilderness tracking, natural disasters, mass casualty events, and in locating missing people.
Yes
The use of dogs in search and rescue (SAR) is a valuable component in wilderness tracking, natural disasters, mass casualty events, and in locating missing people.
Yes
The use of dogs in search and rescue (SAR) is a valuable component in wilderness tracking, natural disasters, mass casualty events, and in locating missing people.
Boat Dog Not really
Border Collie breed usually doesn't like being on a boat.
Yes
Golden Retriever breed usually likes being on a boat.
Not really
German Shepherd breed usually doesn't like being on a boat.
Cart Pulling or Drafting Dog Not really
A drafting dog or draft dog is a dog bred and used for cart pulling.
Not really
A drafting dog or draft dog is a dog bred and used for cart pulling.
Not really
A drafting dog or draft dog is a dog bred and used for cart pulling.

Border Collie vs Golden Retriever vs German Shepherd Health Factors Comparison

Health Issues
The Border Collie is a healthy breed, but there are certain health issues that you should check with your vet regularly.
Golden Retrievers are commonly healthy dogs.
German Shepherds are commonly healthy dogs.
Health Problems Allergies
Collie Eye Anomaly
Epilepsy
Hip Dysplasia
Osteochondrosis Dissecans
Progressive retinal atrophy (PRA)
Allergies
Bloat
Cataracts
Elbow Dysplasia
Epilepsy
Hemangiosarcoma
Hip Dysplasia
Hypothyroidism
Osteochondrosis Dissecans
Osteosarcoma
Progressive retinal atrophy (PRA)
Subvalvular Aortic Stenosis
Von Willebrand's Disease
Allergies
Blindness
Bloat
Cancer
Cataracts
Cherry Eye
Chronic Diarrhea
Cruciate Ligament Rupture
Cushing's Syndrome
Degenerative Myelopathy
Demodectic Mange
Diabetes
Digestive Problems
Elbow Dysplasia
Epilepsy
Exocrine Pancreatic Insufficiency
Heart Disease
Hemophilia A
Hemophilia B
Hip Dysplasia
Hypertrophic Osteodystrophy
Lens Luxation
Lupus
Megaesophagus
Myasthenia Gravis
Nail Bed Disease
Osteochondrosis
Pannus
Panosteitis
Paralysis
Perianal Fistula
Progressive retinal atrophy (PRA)
Retinal Dysplasia
Seborrhea
Vitiligo
Von Willebrand's Disease
Wobbler's Syndrome
Life Expectancy 12-15 years 10-12 years 10-13 years
Hypoallergenic No No No
Energy Level
Border Collies are high energy dogs.
Golden Retrievers are high energy dogs.
German Shepherds are high energy dogs.
Exercise Need
Border Collies need a lot of exercises.
Golden Retrievers need a lot of exercises.
German Shepherds need quite a lot of exercise.
Sleeping Need
Border Collies don't need too much sleep.
Golden Retrievers don't need too much sleep.
German Shepherds don't need too much sleep.
Avg. daily food consumption 1.5 to 2 cups of high-quality dry food a day, divided into two or three meals. 3 to 4 cups of high-quality dry food a day, divided into two meals. 3 to 4 cups of high-quality dry food a day, divided into two meals.
Weight Gain Potential
Average.
High: The Golden Retriever breed has a strong tendency to overweight.
Low to Average.
Weather & Climate Prefers average to cold weather conditions
The Border Collie can adapt to well to cold weather conditions, some dogs even can be a good mountain dog.
Tolerates warm and cold weather. Tolerates warm and cold weather.
Stinkiness Medium
The Border Collie has an average chance of bad smell.
Medium
The Golden Retriever has an average chance of bad smell.
Medium
The German Shepherd has an average chance of bad smell.
Drooling tendency
The Border Collie is a perfect example for very low drooling tendency.
The Golden Retriever drools quite a lot, so if you dislike being covered by slobber spots on your clothes, you may want to choose another dog breed.
The German Shepherd is a perfect example for very low drooling tendency.

Border Collie vs Golden Retriever vs German Shepherd Reproducibility Comparison

Gestation Length 60-64 days 60-64 days 60-64 days
How often can the have a litter? Once a year.
More frequent breeding is not healthy.
Once a year.
More frequent breeding is not healthy.
Once a year.
More frequent breeding is not healthy.
Litter Size 4-8 puppies 5-10 puppies 6-10 puppies

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