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German Shepherd vs Border Collie vs Great Dane – Which one is a better dog breed for you?

"Find similarities and differences between German Shepherd vs Border Collie vs Great Dane" Compare German Shepherd and Border Collie. Which is better: German Shepherd or Border Collie or Great Dane?
Name German Shepherd Border Collie Great Dane
OriginsGermany England Scotland Wales Germany
Group Pastoral Dogs (Herding Dogs) Pastoral Dogs (Herding Dogs) Working Dogs
Popularity Rank23814
Reviews000
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Other Names Alsatian, Berger Allemand, Alsatian wolf dog (UK), Deutscher Schäferhund, Schäferhund Scotch Sheep Dog, Sheepdog Dane, Gentle Giant, Deutsche Dogge, German Mastiff, Apollo of Dogs
Breed Type Purebred Purebred Purebred
AKC Group Recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1908 as a Herding breed. Recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1995 as a Herding breed. Recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1887 as a Working breed.
FCI Group Recognized by FCI in the Sheepdogs and Cattledogs (except Swiss Cattledogs) group, in the Sheepdogs section. Recognized by FCI in the Sheepdogs and Cattledogs (except Swiss Cattledogs) group, in the Sheepdogs section. Recognized by FCI in the Pinscher and Schnauzer - Molossoid and Swiss Mountain and Cattledogs group, in the Molossian type section.
Breed Recognition American Canine Registry American Kennel Club America's Pet Registry Canadian Kennel Club Dog Registry of America Inc. Federation Cynologique Internationale Kennel Club of Great Britain North American Purebred Registry, Inc. American Canine Association, Inc. Australian National Kennel Council Continental Kennel Club National Kennel Club New Zealand Kennel Club United Kennel Club German Shepherd Dog Club Of America American Canine Registry American Kennel Club America's Pet Registry Dog Registry of America Inc. Federation Cynologique Internationale Kennel Club of Great Britain North American Purebred Registry, Inc. American Canine Association, Inc. Australian National Kennel Council Continental Kennel Club National Kennel Club New Zealand Kennel Club United Kennel Club The American Int. Border Collie Registry The American Border Collie Association American Canine Registry American Kennel Club America's Pet Registry Canadian Kennel Club Dog Registry of America Inc. Federation Cynologique Internationale Kennel Club of Great Britain North American Purebred Registry, Inc. American Canine Association, Inc. Australian National Kennel Council Continental Kennel Club National Kennel Club New Zealand Kennel Club United Kennel Club Canadian Canine Registry
Price $800-$2000 $600-$800 $800-$1200

General Appearance - German Shepherd vs Border Collie vs Great Dane

Size Large Large Giant
Weight Male: 66-88 pounds (30-40 kg), Female: 49-71 pounds (22-32 kg) Male: 30-45 pounds (14-20 kg), Female: 27-42 pounds (12-19 kg) Male: 120-200 pounds (54-90 kg), Female: 100-130 pounds (45-59 kg)
Avg. Weight Male: 77 pounds (35 kg), Female: 60 pounds (27 kg) Male: 37.5 pounds (17 kg), Female: 34.5 pounds (15.5 kg) Male: 160 pounds (72 kg), Female: 115 pounds (52 kg)
Height Male: 24-26 inches (60-65 cm), Female: 22-24 inches (55-60 cm) Male: 19-22 inches (48-56 cm), Female: 18-21 inches (46-53 cm) Male: 30-34 inches (76-86 cm), Female: 28-32 inches (71-81 cm)
Avg. Height Male: 25 inches (62.5 cm), Female: 23 inches (57.5 cm) Male: 20.5 inches (52 cm), Female: 19.5 inches (49.5 cm) Male: 32 inches (81 cm), Female: 30 inches (76 cm)

Hair & Care - German Shepherd vs Border Collie vs Great Dane

Coat Fuzzy Feathered Dense
Colors Silver Tan Red Black Brindle Lilac Sable Blue Gold Red Black Blue Fawn White Brindle Merle Black
Grooming
Average: The German Shepherd requires average grooming effort.
Average: The Border Collie requires average grooming effort.
Effortless: The Great Dane requires minimal grooming.
Shedding Level
German Shepherds are heavy shedders.
Border Collies shed moderately.
Great Danes shed moderately.

Characteristics - German Shepherd vs Border Collie vs Great Dane

Temperament Alert Courageous Intelligent Obedient Confident Curious Loyal Watchful Intelligent Alert Tenacious Protective Energetic Responsive Loyal Friendly Devoted Gentle Reserved Confident Intelligent Loving
Intelligent Rank
Outstanding: German Shepherd is one of the brightest dog breeds.
Outstanding: Border Collie is one of the brightest dog breeds.
Average: Great Dane's has average obedience intelligence.
Trainability
German Shepherds are easy to train.
Border Collies are easy to train.
Great Danes are quite easy to train.
Playfulness
German Shepherds, like any other dog breed, like playing.
The Border Collie is a highly playful breed.
Great Danes are not the most playful dog breed.
Sensitivity Level
German Shepherds don't like an irregular daily routine, noisy household and frequent guest visits.
Border Collies don't like an irregular daily routine, noisy household and frequent guest visits.
Great Danes don't like an irregular daily routine, noisy household and frequent guest visits.
Affection Level
German Shepherds are genuinely loyal, soft and gentle, loving and affectionate dogs toward their handlers.
Border Collies are genuinely loyal, soft and gentle, loving and affectionate dogs toward their handlers.
Great Danes are average dogs regarding their affection level.
Social Needs
German Shepherds need for social interaction is average.
Border Collies need a lot of social interaction.
Great Danes are a social breed.
Barking
Low to Average: The German Shepherd rarely barks.
High: The Border Collie is a very vocal breed.
Low to Average: The Great Dane rarely barks.
Watchdog Ability
German Shepherds are one of the best watchdogs.
Border Collies are one of the best watchdogs.
Great Danes are one of the best watchdogs.
Territorial
German Shepherds are extremely protective guard dogs.
Border Collies are extremely protective guard dogs.
Great Danes are extremely protective guard dogs.
Biting Potential High
The German Shepherd has a high chance of biting somebody.
Low
The Border Collie has a low chance of biting somebody.
Low
The Great Dane has a low chance of biting somebody.
Mouthiness
German Shepherds have a strong tendency to nip, chew, play-bite, or herd people.
Border Collies have a strong tendency to nip, chew, play-bite, or herd people.
Great Danes have lower than average tendency to nip, chew, play-bite, or herd people.
Impulse to Wander or Roam
German Shepherds are not the biggest explorers.
Border Collies have average wanderlust potential.
Great Danes have average wanderlust potential.
Prey Drive
German Shepherds have a higher impulse to chase and catch something than other dog breeds.
Border Collies have an average prey drive, which means that they don't have a high impulse to chase and catch something like a cat or any other small aminals, but it might happen.
Great Danes have an average prey drive, which means that they don't have a high impulse to chase and catch something like a cat or any other small aminals, but it might happen.
Apartment Friendly
German Shepherds are not the best choice for an apartment lifestyle, but they don't mind being inside if you walk them several times every day.
Border Collies are not recommended for an apartment lifestyle.
Great Danes are very apartment-friendly dogs.
Adaptability
German Shepherds adapt very well to lifestyle changes and basically all living environments.
Border Collies adapt very well to lifestyle changes and basically all living environments.
Great Danes adapt to lifestyle changes and different living environments quite okay usually.
Tolerates Being Left Alone
Just like every puppy, they are prone to panic, cry, bark, whine when they left alone by their owner.
Border Collies tend to have separation anxiety when their owners left them alone at home because they bond very closely with them.
Great Danes do best when a family member is at home during the day or if their workplace is dog-friendly so they can take the dog at work.
Fighting Dog Yes
In history, this breed was unfortunately used for combat dog.
Not really
In history, this breed was not really used for combat dog.
Yes
In history, this breed was unfortunately used for combat dog.

Good With - German Shepherd vs Border Collie vs Great Dane

Stranger Friendly
German Shepherds are stranger friendly dogs.
Border Collies are average friendly towards strangers.
Great Danes are average friendly towards strangers.
Child Friendly
German Shepherds are very kid-friendly dogs.
Border Collies are very kid-friendly dogs.
Great Danes are kid-friendly dogs.
Cat Friendly
German Shepherds are average friendly towards cats.
Border Collies are average friendly towards cats.
Great Danes are average friendly towards cats.
Dog Friendly
German Shepherds are not the most dog-friendly dogs.
Border Collies are average friendly towards other dogs.
Great Danes are average friendly towards other dogs.
Office Friendly No
German Shepherd is not the best dog breed for office environment.
No
Border Collie is not the best dog breed for office environment.
No
Great Dane is not the best dog breed for office environment.
Senior Citizens Friendly
German Shepherds are one of the best breeds for elderly people.
Border Collies are one of the best breeds for elderly people.
Great Danes are usually recommended for elderly people.
Pet Friendly
German Shepherds are generally with other pets.
Border Collies are generally with other pets.
Great Danes are generally with other pets.
Good For First Time Owners No
German Shepherds are not good for novice owners, due to their stubborn personality.
No
Border Collies are not good for novice owners, due to their stubborn personality.
No
Great Danes are not good for novice owners, due to their stubborn personality.
Service Dog Yes
This breed makes good as a service dog.
Yes
This breed makes good as a service dog.
Not really
This breed generally not used as a service dog.
Therapy Dog Yes
This breed makes a perfect therapy dog.
Yes
This breed makes a perfect therapy dog.
Yes
This breed makes a perfect therapy dog.
Detection Dog or Sniffer Dog Yes
A detection dog or sniffer dog is a dog that is trained to use its senses (mostly its smell) to detect substances such as explosives, illegal drugs, wildlife scat, currency, blood, and contraband electronics such as illicit mobile phones.
Yes
A detection dog or sniffer dog is a dog that is trained to use its senses (mostly its smell) to detect substances such as explosives, illegal drugs, wildlife scat, currency, blood, and contraband electronics such as illicit mobile phones.
Not really
A detection dog or sniffer dog is a dog that is trained to use its senses (mostly its smell) to detect substances such as explosives, illegal drugs, wildlife scat, currency, blood, and contraband electronics such as illicit mobile phones.
Search and Rescue Dog (SAR) Yes
The use of dogs in search and rescue (SAR) is a valuable component in wilderness tracking, natural disasters, mass casualty events, and in locating missing people.
Yes
The use of dogs in search and rescue (SAR) is a valuable component in wilderness tracking, natural disasters, mass casualty events, and in locating missing people.
Not really
The use of dogs in search and rescue (SAR) is a valuable component in wilderness tracking, natural disasters, mass casualty events, and in locating missing people.
Boat Dog Not really
German Shepherd breed usually doesn't like being on a boat.
Not really
Border Collie breed usually doesn't like being on a boat.
Not really
Great Dane breed usually doesn't like being on a boat.
Cart Pulling or Drafting Dog Not really
A drafting dog or draft dog is a dog bred and used for cart pulling.
Not really
A drafting dog or draft dog is a dog bred and used for cart pulling.
Yes
A drafting dog or draft dog is a dog bred and used for cart pulling.

Health Factors - German Shepherd vs Border Collie vs Great Dane

Health Issues
German Shepherds are commonly healthy dogs.
The Border Collie is a healthy breed, but there are certain health issues that you should check with your vet regularly.
Great Danes are commonly healthy dogs.
Health Problems Allergies Blindness Bloat Cancer Cataracts Cherry Eye Chronic Diarrhea Cruciate Ligament Rupture Cushing's Syndrome Degenerative Myelopathy Demodectic Mange Diabetes Digestive Problems Elbow Dysplasia Epilepsy Exocrine Pancreatic Insufficiency Heart Disease Hemophilia A Hemophilia B Hip Dysplasia Hypertrophic Osteodystrophy Lens Luxation Lupus Megaesophagus Myasthenia Gravis Nail Bed Disease Osteochondrosis Pannus Panosteitis Paralysis Perianal Fistula Progressive retinal atrophy (PRA) Retinal Dysplasia Seborrhea Vitiligo Von Willebrand's Disease Wobbler's Syndrome Allergies Collie Eye Anomaly Epilepsy Hip Dysplasia Osteochondrosis Dissecans Progressive retinal atrophy (PRA) Bloat Cancer Dilated Cardiomyopathy Hip Dysplasia Mitral Valve Disease Patent Ductus Arteriosis Persistent Right Aortic Arch Subvalvular Aortic Stenosis Tricuspid Valve Dysplasia
Life Expectancy 10-13 years 12-15 years 7-10 years
Hypoallergenic No No No
Energy Level
German Shepherds are high energy dogs.
Border Collies are high energy dogs.
Great Danes are high energy dogs.
Exercise Need
German Shepherds need quite a lot of exercise.
Border Collies need a lot of exercises.
Great Danes exercise need is minimal.
Sleeping Need
German Shepherds don't need too much sleep.
Border Collies don't need too much sleep.
Great Danes don't need too much sleep.
Avg. daily food consumption 3 to 4 cups of high-quality dry food a day, divided into two meals. 1.5 to 2 cups of high-quality dry food a day, divided into two or three meals. 8 to 10 cups of high-quality dry food a day, divided into two meals
Weight Gain Potential
Low to Average.
Average.
Low to Average.
Weather & Climate Tolerates warm and cold weather. Prefers average to cold weather conditions
The Border Collie can adapt to well to cold weather conditions, some dogs even can be a good mountain dog.
Prefers average to warm weather conditions
Stinkiness Medium
The German Shepherd has an average chance of bad smell.
Medium
The Border Collie has an average chance of bad smell.
Medium
The Great Dane has an average chance of bad smell.
Drooling tendency
The German Shepherd is a perfect example for very low drooling tendency.
The Border Collie is a perfect example for very low drooling tendency.
The Great Dane drools quite a lot, so if you dislike being covered by slobber spots on your clothes, you may want to choose another dog breed.

Reproducibility - German Shepherd vs Border Collie vs Great Dane

Gestation Length 60-64 days 60-64 days 60-64 days
How often can the have a litter? Once a year.
More frequent breeding is not healthy.
Once a year.
More frequent breeding is not healthy.
Once a year.
More frequent breeding is not healthy.
Litter Size 6-10 puppies 4-8 puppies 10-15 puppies

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