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German Shepherd vs Newfoundland vs Golden Retriever – Which one is a better dog breed for you?

"Find similarities and differences between German Shepherd vs Newfoundland vs Golden Retriever" Compare German Shepherd and Newfoundland. Which is better: German Shepherd or Newfoundland or Golden Retriever?
Name German Shepherd Newfoundland Golden Retriever
OriginsGermany Canada Scotland
Group Pastoral Dogs (Herding Dogs) Working Dogs Gun Dog
Popularity Rank2363
Reviews1027
Rate

Other Names Alsatian, Berger Allemand, Alsatian wolf dog (UK), Deutscher Schäferhund, Schäferhund Newf, Newfie, The Gentle Giant, Blackbear Yellow Retriever, Golden Flat Coat
Breed Type Purebred Purebred Purebred
AKC Group Recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1908 as a Herding breed. Recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1886 as a Working breed. Recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1925 as a Sporting breed.
FCI Group Recognized by FCI in the Sheepdogs and Cattledogs (except Swiss Cattledogs) group, in the Sheepdogs section. Recognized by FCI in the Pinscher and Schnauzer - Molossoid and Swiss Mountain and Cattledogs group, in the Molossian type section. Recognized by FCI in the Retrievers - Flushing Dogs - Water Dogs group, in the Retrievers section.
Breed Recognition American Canine Registry
American Kennel Club
America's Pet Registry
Canadian Kennel Club
Dog Registry of America Inc.
Federation Cynologique Internationale
Kennel Club of Great Britain
North American Purebred Registry, Inc.
American Canine Association, Inc.
Australian National Kennel Council
Continental Kennel Club
National Kennel Club
New Zealand Kennel Club
United Kennel Club
German Shepherd Dog Club Of America
American Canine Registry
American Kennel Club
America's Pet Registry
Canadian Kennel Club
Dog Registry of America Inc.
Federation Cynologique Internationale
Kennel Club of Great Britain
North American Purebred Registry, Inc.
American Canine Association, Inc.
Australian National Kennel Council
Continental Kennel Club
National Kennel Club
New Zealand Kennel Club
United Kennel Club
American Canine Registry
American Kennel Club
America's Pet Registry
Canadian Kennel Club
Dog Registry of America Inc.
Federation Cynologique Internationale
Kennel Club of Great Britain
North American Purebred Registry, Inc.
American Canine Association, Inc.
Australian National Kennel Council
Continental Kennel Club
National Kennel Club
New Zealand Kennel Club
United Kennel Club
Price $800-$2000 $1500-$2000 $1000-$2000

General Appearance - German Shepherd vs Newfoundland vs Golden Retriever

Size Large Giant Large
Weight Male: 66-88 pounds (30-40 kg), Female: 49-71 pounds (22-32 kg) Male: 130-150 pounds (59-68 kg), Female: 100-120 pounds (45-54 kg) Male: 60-80 pounds (27-36 kg), Female: 55-70 pounds (25-32 kg)
Avg. Weight Male: 77 pounds (35 kg), Female: 60 pounds (27 kg) Male: 140 pounds (63.5 kg), Female: 110 pounds (49.5 kg) Male: 70 pounds (31.5 kg), Female: 62.5 pounds (28.5 kg)
Height Male: 24-26 inches (60-65 cm), Female: 22-24 inches (55-60 cm) Male: 27-29 inches (69-74 cm), Female: 25-27 inches (63-69 cm) Male: 22-24 inches (56-61cm), Female: 20-22 inches (51-56 cm)
Avg. Height Male: 25 inches (62.5 cm), Female: 23 inches (57.5 cm) Male: 28 inches (71.5 cm), Female: 26 inches (66 cm) Male: 23 inches (58.5 cm), Female: 21 inches (53.5 cm)

Hair & Care - German Shepherd vs Newfoundland vs Golden Retriever

Coat Fuzzy Fluffy
Waterproof
Thick
Silky
Wavy
Shiny
Straight
Colors Silver
Tan
Red
Black
Gray
Brown
White
Black
Golden
Light
Grooming
Average: The German Shepherd requires average grooming effort.
Professional: This breed needs a lot of work to keep in good condition.
Average: The Golden Retriever requires average grooming effort.
Shedding Level
German Shepherds are heavy shedders.
Newfoundlands are heavy shedders.
Golden Retrievers shed moderately.

Characteristics - German Shepherd vs Newfoundland vs Golden Retriever

Temperament Alert
Courageous
Intelligent
Obedient
Confident
Curious
Loyal
Watchful
Cheerful
Intelligent
Social
Gentle
Courageous
Loyal
Sweet
Confident
Intelligent
Reliable
Friendly
Kind
Trustworthy
Intelligent Rank
Outstanding: German Shepherd is one of the brightest dog breeds.
Smart: Newfoundland's has great intelligence.
Outstanding: Golden Retriever is one of the brightest dog breeds.
Trainability
German Shepherds are easy to train.
Newfoundlands are easy to train.
Golden Retrievers are easy to train.
Playfulness
German Shepherds, like any other dog breed, like playing.
Newfoundlands, like any other dog breed, like playing.
The Golden Retriever is a highly playful breed.
Sensitivity Level
German Shepherds don't like an irregular daily routine, noisy household and frequent guest visits.
They are a little bit more sensitive than other dog breeds.
Golden Retrievers have an average emotional level and are not the most sensitive dog breed.
Affection Level
German Shepherds are genuinely loyal, soft and gentle, loving and affectionate dogs toward their handlers.
Newfoundlands are highly affectionate dogs.
Golden Retrievers are genuinely loyal, soft and gentle, loving and affectionate dogs toward their handlers.
Social Needs
German Shepherds need for social interaction is average.
Newfoundlands are a social breed.
Golden Retrievers need a lot of social interaction.
Barking
Low to Average: The German Shepherd rarely barks.
Low to Average: The Newfoundland rarely barks.
Low to Average: The Golden Retriever rarely barks.
Watchdog Ability
German Shepherds are one of the best watchdogs.
Newfoundlands are one of the best watchdogs.
Golden Retrievers are average watchdogs.
Territorial
German Shepherds are extremely protective guard dogs.
Newfoundlands are extremely protective guard dogs.
Golden Retrievers are average defenders.
Biting Potential High
The German Shepherd has a high chance of biting somebody.
Low
The Newfoundland has a low chance of biting somebody.
Moderate
The Golden Retriever has an average chance of biting somebody.
Mouthiness
German Shepherds have a strong tendency to nip, chew, play-bite, or herd people.
Newfoundlands have an average tendency to nip, chew, play-bite, or herd people.
Golden Retrievers have a strong tendency to nip, chew, play-bite, or herd people.
Impulse to Wander or Roam
German Shepherds are not the biggest explorers.
Newfoundlands have average wanderlust potential.
Golden Retrievers tend to escape less than other breeds.
Prey Drive
German Shepherds have a higher impulse to chase and catch something than other dog breeds.
Newfoundlands have a higher impulse to chase and catch something than other dog breeds.
Golden Retrievers have an average prey drive, which means that they don't have a high impulse to chase and catch something like a cat or any other small aminals, but it might happen.
Apartment Friendly
German Shepherds are not the best choice for an apartment lifestyle, but they don't mind being inside if you walk them several times every day.
Newfoundlands are not the best choice for an apartment lifestyle, but they don't mind being inside if you walk them several times every day.
Golden Retrievers are not recommended for an apartment lifestyle.
Adaptability
German Shepherds adapt very well to lifestyle changes and basically all living environments.
Newfoundlands adapt well to lifestyle changes and different living environments.
Golden Retrievers adapt very well to lifestyle changes and basically all living environments.
Tolerates Being Left Alone
Just like every puppy, they are prone to panic, cry, bark, whine when they left alone by their owner.
Newfoundlands do best when a family member is at home during the day or if their workplace is dog-friendly so they can take the dog at work.
Golden Retrievers tend to have separation anxiety when their owners left them alone at home because they bond very closely with them.
Fighting Dog Yes
In history, this breed was unfortunately used for combat dog.
Not really
In history, this breed was not really used for combat dog.
Not really
In history, this breed was not really used for combat dog.

Good With - German Shepherd vs Newfoundland vs Golden Retriever

Stranger Friendly
German Shepherds are stranger friendly dogs.
Newfoundlands are stranger friendly dogs.
Golden Retrievers are very stranger friendly dogs.
Child Friendly
German Shepherds are very kid-friendly dogs.
Newfoundlands are very kid-friendly dogs.
Golden Retrievers are very kid-friendly dogs.
Cat Friendly
German Shepherds are average friendly towards cats.
Newfoundlands are very cat-friendly dogs.
Golden Retrievers are cat-friendly dogs.
Dog Friendly
German Shepherds are not the most dog-friendly dogs.
Newfoundlands are dog-friendly dogs.
Golden Retrievers are very dog-friendly dogs.
Office Friendly No
German Shepherd is not the best dog breed for office environment.
No
Newfoundland is not the best dog breed for office environment.
Yes
Golden Retriever is one of the best dog breeds for office environment
Senior Citizens Friendly
German Shepherds are one of the best breeds for elderly people.
Newfoundlands are one of the best breeds for elderly people.
Golden Retrievers are one of the best breeds for elderly people.
Pet Friendly
German Shepherds are generally with other pets.
Newfoundlands are one of the friendliest dog breeds.
Golden Retrievers are usually friendly towards other pets.
Good For First Time Owners No
German Shepherds are not good for novice owners, due to their stubborn personality.
No
Newfoundlands are not good for novice owners, due to their stubborn personality.
Yes
Golden Retrievers are good for novice owners, due to their easy-going personality.
Service Dog Yes
This breed makes good as a service dog.
Yes
This breed makes good as a service dog.
Yes
This breed makes good as a service dog.
Therapy Dog Yes
This breed makes a perfect therapy dog.
Not really
This breed generally not used as a therapy dog.
Yes
This breed makes a perfect therapy dog.
Detection Dog or Sniffer Dog Yes
A detection dog or sniffer dog is a dog that is trained to use its senses (mostly its smell) to detect substances such as explosives, illegal drugs, wildlife scat, currency, blood, and contraband electronics such as illicit mobile phones.
Not really
A detection dog or sniffer dog is a dog that is trained to use its senses (mostly its smell) to detect substances such as explosives, illegal drugs, wildlife scat, currency, blood, and contraband electronics such as illicit mobile phones.
Yes
A detection dog or sniffer dog is a dog that is trained to use its senses (mostly its smell) to detect substances such as explosives, illegal drugs, wildlife scat, currency, blood, and contraband electronics such as illicit mobile phones.
Search and Rescue Dog (SAR) Yes
The use of dogs in search and rescue (SAR) is a valuable component in wilderness tracking, natural disasters, mass casualty events, and in locating missing people.
Yes
The use of dogs in search and rescue (SAR) is a valuable component in wilderness tracking, natural disasters, mass casualty events, and in locating missing people.
Yes
The use of dogs in search and rescue (SAR) is a valuable component in wilderness tracking, natural disasters, mass casualty events, and in locating missing people.
Boat Dog Not really
German Shepherd breed usually doesn't like being on a boat.
Yes
Newfoundland breed usually likes being on a boat.
Yes
Golden Retriever breed usually likes being on a boat.
Cart Pulling or Drafting Dog Not really
A drafting dog or draft dog is a dog bred and used for cart pulling.
Yes
A drafting dog or draft dog is a dog bred and used for cart pulling.
Not really
A drafting dog or draft dog is a dog bred and used for cart pulling.

Health Factors - German Shepherd vs Newfoundland vs Golden Retriever

Health Issues
German Shepherds are commonly healthy dogs.
Very healthy dog breed.
Golden Retrievers are commonly healthy dogs.
Health Problems Allergies
Blindness
Bloat
Cancer
Cataracts
Cherry Eye
Chronic Diarrhea
Cruciate Ligament Rupture
Cushing's Syndrome
Degenerative Myelopathy
Demodectic Mange
Diabetes
Digestive Problems
Elbow Dysplasia
Epilepsy
Exocrine Pancreatic Insufficiency
Heart Disease
Hemophilia A
Hemophilia B
Hip Dysplasia
Hypertrophic Osteodystrophy
Lens Luxation
Lupus
Megaesophagus
Myasthenia Gravis
Nail Bed Disease
Osteochondrosis
Pannus
Panosteitis
Paralysis
Perianal Fistula
Progressive retinal atrophy (PRA)
Retinal Dysplasia
Seborrhea
Vitiligo
Von Willebrand's Disease
Wobbler's Syndrome
Addison's Disease
Bloat
Cancer
Cataracts
Cherry Eye
Cystinuria
Elbow Dysplasia
Epilepsy
Hip Dysplasia
Hypothyroidism
Subvalvular Aortic Stenosis
Allergies
Bloat
Cataracts
Elbow Dysplasia
Epilepsy
Hemangiosarcoma
Hip Dysplasia
Hypothyroidism
Osteochondrosis Dissecans
Osteosarcoma
Progressive retinal atrophy (PRA)
Subvalvular Aortic Stenosis
Von Willebrand's Disease
Life Expectancy 10-13 years 9-12 years 10-12 years
Hypoallergenic No No No
Energy Level
German Shepherds are high energy dogs.
Newfoundlands have an average energy level, so if you live a semi-active life, this breed can be a good choice for you.
Golden Retrievers are high energy dogs.
Exercise Need
German Shepherds need quite a lot of exercise.
Newfoundlands have an average exercise need.
Golden Retrievers need a lot of exercises.
Sleeping Need
German Shepherds don't need too much sleep.
Newfoundlands sleep 12-14 hours a day as an average dog and they're not considered as a lazy breed.
Golden Retrievers don't need too much sleep.
Avg. daily food consumption 3 to 4 cups of high-quality dry food a day, divided into two meals. 5 to 6 cups of high-quality dry food a day, divided into two meals. 3 to 4 cups of high-quality dry food a day, divided into two meals.
Weight Gain Potential
Low to Average.
Average to High.
High: The Golden Retriever breed has a strong tendency to overweight.
Weather & Climate Tolerates warm and cold weather. Prefers cold weather
The Newfoundland can adapt well to harsh weather conditions, and also can be a good mountain dog.
Tolerates warm and cold weather.
Stinkiness Medium
The German Shepherd has an average chance of bad smell.
High
The Newfoundland has a high chance of bad smell.
Medium
The Golden Retriever has an average chance of bad smell.
Drooling tendency
The German Shepherd is a perfect example for very low drooling tendency.
The Newfoundland is a big drooler, so if you're disgusted by slobber spots on your clothes, you should choose a dog from another breed.
The Golden Retriever drools quite a lot, so if you dislike being covered by slobber spots on your clothes, you may want to choose another dog breed.

Reproducibility - German Shepherd vs Newfoundland vs Golden Retriever

Gestation Length 60-64 days 60-64 days 60-64 days
How often can the have a litter? Once a year.
More frequent breeding is not healthy.
Once a year.
More frequent breeding is not healthy.
Once a year.
More frequent breeding is not healthy.
Litter Size 6-10 puppies 4-12 puppies 5-10 puppies

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