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German Shepherd vs Rough Collie vs Australian Shepherd – Which one is a better dog breed for you?

"Find similarities and differences between German Shepherd vs Rough Collie vs Australian Shepherd" Compare German Shepherd and Rough Collie. Which is better: German Shepherd or Rough Collie or Australian Shepherd?
Name German Shepherd Rough Collie Australian Shepherd
OriginsGermany Scotland United States
Group Pastoral Dogs (Herding Dogs) Pastoral Dogs (Herding Dogs) Pastoral Dogs (Herding Dogs)
Popularity Rank24017
Reviews131
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Other Names Alsatian, Berger Allemand, Alsatian wolf dog (UK), Deutscher Schäferhund, Schäferhund Collie, Scottish Collie, Long-Haired Collie, English Collie, Lassie Dog Aussie, Little Blue Dog
Breed Type Purebred Purebred Purebred
AKC Group Recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1908 as a Herding breed. Recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1885 as a Herding breed. Recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1991 as a Herding breed.
FCI Group Recognized by FCI in the Sheepdogs and Cattledogs (except Swiss Cattledogs) group, in the Sheepdogs section. Recognized by FCI in the Sheepdogs and Cattledogs (except Swiss Cattledogs) group, in the Sheepdogs section. Recognized by FCI in the Sheepdogs and Cattledogs (except Swiss Cattledogs) group, in the Sheepdogs section.
Breed Recognition American Canine Registry American Kennel Club America's Pet Registry Canadian Kennel Club Dog Registry of America Inc. Federation Cynologique Internationale Kennel Club of Great Britain North American Purebred Registry, Inc. American Canine Association, Inc. Australian National Kennel Council Continental Kennel Club National Kennel Club New Zealand Kennel Club United Kennel Club German Shepherd Dog Club Of America American Canine Registry American Kennel Club America's Pet Registry Canadian Kennel Club Dog Registry of America Inc. Federation Cynologique Internationale Kennel Club of Great Britain North American Purebred Registry, Inc. American Canine Association, Inc. Australian National Kennel Council Continental Kennel Club National Kennel Club New Zealand Kennel Club United Kennel Club American Canine Registry American Kennel Club America's Pet Registry Dog Registry of America Inc. North American Purebred Registry, Inc. American Canine Association, Inc. Continental Kennel Club National Kennel Club New Zealand Kennel Club United Kennel Club Australian Shepherd Club Of America
Price $800-$2000 $400-$600 $600-$800

General Appearance - German Shepherd vs Rough Collie vs Australian Shepherd

Size Large Large Large
Weight Male: 66-88 pounds (30-40 kg), Female: 49-71 pounds (22-32 kg) Male: 60-70 pounds (27-32 kg), Female: 53-65 pounds (24-29 kg) Male: 50-65 pounds (25-29 kg), Female: 40-55 pounds (18-25 kg)
Avg. Weight Male: 77 pounds (35 kg), Female: 60 pounds (27 kg) Male: 67.5 pounds (30.5 kg), Female: 57.5 pounds (26 kg) Male: 57.5 pounds (27 kg), Female: 47.5 pounds (21.5 kg)
Height Male: 24-26 inches (60-65 cm), Female: 22-24 inches (55-60 cm) Male: 24–26 inch (60–66 cm), Female: 22–24 inch (55–61 cm) Male: 20-23 inches (52-58cm), Female: 18-21 inches (46–53 cm)
Avg. Height Male: 25 inches (62.5 cm), Female: 23 inches (57.5 cm) Male: 25 inches (62.5 cm), Female: 23 inches (58.5 cm) Male: 21.5 inches (55 cm), Female: 19.5 inches (46–53 cm)

Hair & Care - German Shepherd vs Rough Collie vs Australian Shepherd

Coat Fuzzy Rough Soft Thick Straight Harsh Furry Feathered
Colors Silver Tan Red Black Black & White & Tan Blue & Merle Blue & Merle & White Sable Sable & White White White & Merle Merle Red Blue Merle Black
Grooming
Average: The German Shepherd requires average grooming effort.
Professional: This breed needs a lot of work to keep in good condition.
Average: The Australian Shepherd requires average grooming effort.
Shedding Level
German Shepherds are heavy shedders.
Rough Collies are heavy shedders.
Australian Shepherds shed moderately.

Characteristics - German Shepherd vs Rough Collie vs Australian Shepherd

Temperament Alert Courageous Intelligent Obedient Confident Curious Loyal Watchful Friendly Gentle Intelligent Loyal Protective Responsive Social Hard working Docile Obedient Elegant Herding Active Friendly Intelligent Loving Affectionate Good-natured Protective
Intelligent Rank
Outstanding: German Shepherd is one of the brightest dog breeds.
Very smart: Rough Collie is an excellent dog breed.
Smart: Australian Shepherd's has great intelligence.
Trainability
German Shepherds are easy to train.
Rough Collies are very easy to train.
Australian Shepherds are very easy to train.
Playfulness
German Shepherds, like any other dog breed, like playing.
The Rough Collie is a playful breed.
The Australian Shepherd is a highly playful breed.
Sensitivity Level
German Shepherds don't like an irregular daily routine, noisy household and frequent guest visits.
Rough Collies don't like an irregular daily routine, noisy household and frequent guest visits.
Australian Shepherds don't like an irregular daily routine, noisy household and frequent guest visits.
Affection Level
German Shepherds are genuinely loyal, soft and gentle, loving and affectionate dogs toward their handlers.
Rough Collies are genuinely loyal, soft and gentle, loving and affectionate dogs toward their handlers.
Australian Shepherds are highly affectionate dogs.
Social Needs
German Shepherds need for social interaction is average.
Rough Collies need a lot of social interaction.
Australian Shepherds are a social breed.
Barking
Low to Average: The German Shepherd rarely barks.
Low to Average: The Rough Collie rarely barks.
Low to Average: The Australian Shepherd rarely barks.
Watchdog Ability
German Shepherds are one of the best watchdogs.
Rough Collies are one of the best watchdogs.
Australian Shepherds are one of the best watchdogs.
Territorial
German Shepherds are extremely protective guard dogs.
Rough Collies are extremely protective guard dogs.
Australian Shepherds are extremely protective guard dogs.
Biting Potential High
The German Shepherd has a high chance of biting somebody.
Low
The Rough Collie has a low chance of biting somebody.
Low
The Australian Shepherd has a low chance of biting somebody.
Mouthiness
German Shepherds have a strong tendency to nip, chew, play-bite, or herd people.
Rough Collies have an average tendency to nip, chew, play-bite, or herd people.
Australian Shepherds have a higher than average tendency to nip, chew, play-bite, or herd people.
Impulse to Wander or Roam
German Shepherds are not the biggest explorers.
Rough Collies are not the biggest explorers.
Australian Shepherds are not the biggest explorers.
Prey Drive
German Shepherds have a higher impulse to chase and catch something than other dog breeds.
Rough Collies have a higher impulse to chase and catch something than other dog breeds.
Australian Shepherds have a higher impulse to chase and catch something than other dog breeds.
Apartment Friendly
German Shepherds are not the best choice for an apartment lifestyle, but they don't mind being inside if you walk them several times every day.
Rough Collies are not the best choice for an apartment lifestyle, but they don't mind being inside if you walk them several times every day.
Australian Shepherds are not the best choice for an apartment lifestyle, but they don't mind being inside if you walk them several times every day.
Adaptability
German Shepherds adapt very well to lifestyle changes and basically all living environments.
Rough Collies adapt well to lifestyle changes and different living environments.
Australian Shepherds adapt very well to lifestyle changes and basically all living environments.
Tolerates Being Left Alone
Just like every puppy, they are prone to panic, cry, bark, whine when they left alone by their owner.
Rough Collies tend to have separation anxiety when their owners left them alone at home because they bond very closely with them.
Australian Shepherds do best when a family member is at home during the day or if their workplace is dog-friendly so they can take the dog at work.
Fighting Dog Yes
In history, this breed was unfortunately used for combat dog.
Not really
In history, this breed was not really used for combat dog.
Not really
In history, this breed was not really used for combat dog.

Good With - German Shepherd vs Rough Collie vs Australian Shepherd

Stranger Friendly
German Shepherds are stranger friendly dogs.
Rough Collies are stranger friendly dogs.
Australian Shepherds are not the most stranger friendly dogs.
Child Friendly
German Shepherds are very kid-friendly dogs.
Rough Collies are very kid-friendly dogs.
Australian Shepherds are very kid-friendly dogs.
Cat Friendly
German Shepherds are average friendly towards cats.
Rough Collies are very cat-friendly dogs.
Australian Shepherds are average friendly towards cats.
Dog Friendly
German Shepherds are not the most dog-friendly dogs.
Rough Collies are dog-friendly dogs.
Australian Shepherds are average friendly towards other dogs.
Office Friendly No
German Shepherd is not the best dog breed for office environment.
No
Rough Collie is not the best dog breed for office environment.
No
Australian Shepherd is not the best dog breed for office environment.
Senior Citizens Friendly
German Shepherds are one of the best breeds for elderly people.
Rough Collies are one of the best breeds for elderly people.
Australian Shepherds are one of the best breeds for elderly people.
Pet Friendly
German Shepherds are generally with other pets.
Rough Collies are one of the friendliest dog breeds.
Australian Shepherds are generally with other pets.
Good For First Time Owners No
German Shepherds are not good for novice owners, due to their stubborn personality.
No
Rough Collies are not good for novice owners, due to their stubborn personality.
No
Australian Shepherds are not good for novice owners, due to their stubborn personality.
Service Dog Yes
This breed makes good as a service dog.
Yes
This breed makes good as a service dog.
Not really
This breed generally not used as a service dog.
Therapy Dog Yes
This breed makes a perfect therapy dog.
Yes
This breed makes a perfect therapy dog.
Not really
This breed generally not used as a therapy dog.
Detection Dog or Sniffer Dog Yes
A detection dog or sniffer dog is a dog that is trained to use its senses (mostly its smell) to detect substances such as explosives, illegal drugs, wildlife scat, currency, blood, and contraband electronics such as illicit mobile phones.
Yes
A detection dog or sniffer dog is a dog that is trained to use its senses (mostly its smell) to detect substances such as explosives, illegal drugs, wildlife scat, currency, blood, and contraband electronics such as illicit mobile phones.
Not really
A detection dog or sniffer dog is a dog that is trained to use its senses (mostly its smell) to detect substances such as explosives, illegal drugs, wildlife scat, currency, blood, and contraband electronics such as illicit mobile phones.
Search and Rescue Dog (SAR) Yes
The use of dogs in search and rescue (SAR) is a valuable component in wilderness tracking, natural disasters, mass casualty events, and in locating missing people.
Not really
The use of dogs in search and rescue (SAR) is a valuable component in wilderness tracking, natural disasters, mass casualty events, and in locating missing people.
Not really
The use of dogs in search and rescue (SAR) is a valuable component in wilderness tracking, natural disasters, mass casualty events, and in locating missing people.
Boat Dog Not really
German Shepherd breed usually doesn't like being on a boat.
Not really
Rough Collie breed usually doesn't like being on a boat.
Not really
Australian Shepherd breed usually doesn't like being on a boat.
Cart Pulling or Drafting Dog Not really
A drafting dog or draft dog is a dog bred and used for cart pulling.
Not really
A drafting dog or draft dog is a dog bred and used for cart pulling.
Not really
A drafting dog or draft dog is a dog bred and used for cart pulling.

Health Factors - German Shepherd vs Rough Collie vs Australian Shepherd

Health Issues
German Shepherds are commonly healthy dogs.
The Rough Collie is a healthy breed, but there are certain health issues that you should check with your vet regularly.
The Australian Shepherd is a healthy breed, but there are certain health issues that you should check with your vet regularly.
Health Problems Allergies Blindness Bloat Cancer Cataracts Cherry Eye Chronic Diarrhea Cruciate Ligament Rupture Cushing's Syndrome Degenerative Myelopathy Demodectic Mange Diabetes Digestive Problems Elbow Dysplasia Epilepsy Exocrine Pancreatic Insufficiency Heart Disease Hemophilia A Hemophilia B Hip Dysplasia Hypertrophic Osteodystrophy Lens Luxation Lupus Megaesophagus Myasthenia Gravis Nail Bed Disease Osteochondrosis Pannus Panosteitis Paralysis Perianal Fistula Progressive retinal atrophy (PRA) Retinal Dysplasia Seborrhea Vitiligo Von Willebrand's Disease Wobbler's Syndrome Collie Eye Anomaly Gray Collie Syndrome Progressive retinal atrophy (PRA) Drug Sensitivity Hip Dysplasia Allergies Cancer Cataracts Collie Eye Anomaly Deafness Detached Retina Distichiasis Drug Sensitivity Elbow Dysplasia Epilepsy Hip Dysplasia Hypothyroidism Nasal Solar Dermatitis Osteochondrosis Dissecans Persistent Pupillary Membranes Progressive retinal atrophy (PRA)
Life Expectancy 10-13 years 14-16 years 12-15 years
Hypoallergenic No No No
Energy Level
German Shepherds are high energy dogs.
Rough Collies have an average energy level, so if you live a semi-active life, this breed can be a good choice for you.
Australian Shepherds are high energy dogs.
Exercise Need
German Shepherds need quite a lot of exercise.
Rough Collies need quite a lot of exercise.
Australian Shepherds need a lot of exercises.
Sleeping Need
German Shepherds don't need too much sleep.
Rough Collies sleep 12-14 hours a day as an average dog and they're not considered as a lazy breed.
Australian Shepherds don't need too much sleep.
Avg. daily food consumption 3 to 4 cups of high-quality dry food a day, divided into two meals. 2 to 3 cups of high-quality dry food a day, divided into two meals. 1.5 to 2.5 cups of high-quality dry food a day, divided into two meals.
Weight Gain Potential
Low to Average.
Average.
Average to High.
Weather & Climate Tolerates warm and cold weather. Prefers average to cold weather conditions
The Rough Collie can adapt to well to cold weather conditions, some dogs even can be a good mountain dog.
Prefers average to cold weather conditions
The Australian Shepherd can adapt to well to cold weather conditions, some dogs even can be a good mountain dog.
Stinkiness Medium
The German Shepherd has an average chance of bad smell.
Medium
The Rough Collie has an average chance of bad smell.
Medium
The Australian Shepherd has an average chance of bad smell.
Drooling tendency
The German Shepherd is a perfect example for very low drooling tendency.
The Rough Collie is a perfect example for very low drooling tendency.
The Australian Shepherd is a perfect example for very low drooling tendency.

Reproducibility - German Shepherd vs Rough Collie vs Australian Shepherd

Gestation Length 60-64 days 60-64 days 60-64 days
How often can the have a litter? Once a year.
More frequent breeding is not healthy.
Once a year.
More frequent breeding is not healthy.
Once a year.
More frequent breeding is not healthy.
Litter Size 6-10 puppies 4-8 puppies 6-9 puppies, average 7

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