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Jack Russell Terrier vs Rat Terrier – Which one is a better dog breed for you?

"Find similarities and differences between Jack Russell Terrier vs Rat Terrier" Compare Jack Russell Terrier and Rat Terrier. Which is better: Jack Russell Terrier or Rat Terrier?
Name Jack Russell Terrier Rat Terrier
OriginsEngland United States
Group Hunting Dogs Hunting Dogs
Popularity Rank7897
Reviews21
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Other Names Russell Terrier, JRT, Jack American Rat Terrier, Ratting Terrier, Decker Giant, RT, Rat, Rattie
Breed Type Purebred Purebred
AKC Group Recognized by the American Kennel Club in 2012 as a Terrier breed. Recognized by the American Kennel Club in 2013 as a Terrier breed.
FCI Group Recognized by FCI in the Terriers group, in the Small sized Terriers section. Not recognized by FCI.
Breed Recognition American Canine Registry
American Kennel Club
America's Pet Registry
Dog Registry of America Inc.
Federation Cynologique Internationale
Kennel Club of Great Britain
North American Purebred Registry, Inc.
American Canine Association, Inc.
Australian National Kennel Council
Continental Kennel Club
National Kennel Club
New Zealand Kennel Club
United Kennel Club
Irish Kennel Club
Club Espanol De Terriers
Jack Russell Terrier Club Of America
American Canine Registry
American Kennel Club
America's Pet Registry
Dog Registry of America Inc.
North American Purebred Registry, Inc.
American Canine Association, Inc.
Continental Kennel Club
National Kennel Club
United Kennel Club
Price $700-$1000 $300-$500

General Appearance - Jack Russell Terrier vs Rat Terrier

Size Small Small
Weight 11-18 pounds (5-8 kg) Standard: 12-35 pounds (5.5-16 kg)
Avg. Weight 14.5 pounds (6.5 kg) Standard: 23.5 pounds (5.10.5 kg)
Height 8-15 inches (20-38 cm) Standard: 14-23 inches (35.5-58.5 cm)
Avg. Height 11.5 inches (29 cm) Standard: 18.5 inches (35.5-58.5 cm)

Hair & Care - Jack Russell Terrier vs Rat Terrier

Coat Rough Dense
Shiny
Colors Tan
White
Black
Tan
Brown
White
Blue
Tricolor
Black
Grooming
Easy to groom: The Jack Russell Terrier doesn't require a lot of grooming.
Effortless: The Rat Terrier requires minimal grooming.
Shedding Level
Jack Russell Terriers are heavy shedders.
Rat Terriers shed above average.

Characteristics - Jack Russell Terrier vs Rat Terrier

Temperament Alert
Courageous
Independent
Cheerful
Energetic
Stubborn
Affectionate
Inquisitive
Loving
Alert
Lively
Intelligent Rank
Very smart: Jack Russell Terrier is an excellent dog breed.
Smart: Rat Terrier's has great intelligence.
Trainability
Jack Russell Terriers are quite easy to train.
Rat Terriers are quite easy to train.
Playfulness
The Jack Russell Terrier is a highly playful breed.
Rat Terriers, like any other dog breed, like playing.
Sensitivity Level
They are a little bit more sensitive than other dog breeds.
They are a little bit more sensitive than other dog breeds.
Affection Level
Jack Russell Terriers are genuinely loyal, soft and gentle, loving and affectionate dogs toward their handlers.
Rat Terriers are genuinely loyal, soft and gentle, loving and affectionate dogs toward their handlers.
Social Needs
Jack Russell Terriers need for social interaction is average.
Rat Terriers need a lot of social interaction.
Barking
High: The Jack Russell Terrier is a very vocal breed.
Average: The Rat Terrier barks occasionally.
Watchdog Ability
Jack Russell Terriers are good watchdogs.
Rat Terriers are average watchdogs.
Territorial
Jack Russell Terriers are extremely protective guard dogs.
Rat Terriers are extremely protective guard dogs.
Biting Potential Low
The Jack Russell Terrier has a low chance of biting somebody.
Low
The Rat Terrier has a low chance of biting somebody.
Mouthiness
Jack Russell Terriers have a higher than average tendency to nip, chew, play-bite, or herd people.
Rat Terriers have lower than average tendency to nip, chew, play-bite, or herd people.
Impulse to Wander or Roam
Wanderlust potential of the Jack Russell Terrier is strong enough to escape from home.
Wanderlust potential of the Rat Terrier is strong enough to escape from home.
Prey Drive
Jack Russell Terriers have a high impulse to chase and catch something.
Rat Terriers have a higher impulse to chase and catch something than other dog breeds.
Apartment Friendly
Jack Russell Terriers are not apartment-friendly dogs.
Rat Terriers are very apartment-friendly dogs.
Adaptability
Jack Russell Terriers adapt very well to lifestyle changes and basically all living environments.
Rat Terriers adapt very well to lifestyle changes and basically all living environments.
Tolerates Being Left Alone
Just like every puppy, they are prone to panic, cry, bark, whine when they left alone by their owner.
Rat Terriers tend to have separation anxiety when their owners left them alone at home because they bond very closely with them.
Fighting Dog Not really
In history, this breed was not really used for combat dog.
Not really
In history, this breed was not really used for combat dog.

Good With - Jack Russell Terrier vs Rat Terrier

Stranger Friendly
Jack Russell Terriers are average friendly towards strangers.
Rat Terriers are stranger friendly dogs.
Child Friendly
Jack Russell Terriers are average friendly dogs towards children.
Rat Terriers are very kid-friendly dogs.
Cat Friendly
Jack Russell Terriers are not the most cat-friendly dogs.
Rat Terriers are cat-friendly dogs.
Dog Friendly
Jack Russell Terriers are dog-friendly dogs.
Rat Terriers are dog-friendly dogs.
Office Friendly No
Jack Russell Terrier is not the best dog breed for office environment.
No
Rat Terrier is not the best dog breed for office environment.
Senior Citizens Friendly
Jack Russell Terriers are commonly okay with elderly people.
Rat Terriers are one of the best breeds for elderly people.
Pet Friendly
Jack Russell Terriers usually don’t get on well with other pets.
Rat Terriers are usually friendly towards other pets.
Good For First Time Owners No
Jack Russell Terriers are not good for novice owners, due to their stubborn personality.
No
Rat Terriers are not good for novice owners, due to their stubborn personality.
Service Dog Not really
This breed generally not used as a service dog.
Not really
This breed generally not used as a service dog.
Therapy Dog Not really
This breed generally not used as a therapy dog.
Not really
This breed generally not used as a therapy dog.
Detection Dog or Sniffer Dog Not really
A detection dog or sniffer dog is a dog that is trained to use its senses (mostly its smell) to detect substances such as explosives, illegal drugs, wildlife scat, currency, blood, and contraband electronics such as illicit mobile phones.
Not really
A detection dog or sniffer dog is a dog that is trained to use its senses (mostly its smell) to detect substances such as explosives, illegal drugs, wildlife scat, currency, blood, and contraband electronics such as illicit mobile phones.
Search and Rescue Dog (SAR) Not really
The use of dogs in search and rescue (SAR) is a valuable component in wilderness tracking, natural disasters, mass casualty events, and in locating missing people.
Yes
The use of dogs in search and rescue (SAR) is a valuable component in wilderness tracking, natural disasters, mass casualty events, and in locating missing people.
Boat Dog Yes
Jack Russell Terrier breed usually likes being on a boat.
Not really
Rat Terrier breed usually doesn't like being on a boat.
Cart Pulling or Drafting Dog Not really
A drafting dog or draft dog is a dog bred and used for cart pulling.
Not really
A drafting dog or draft dog is a dog bred and used for cart pulling.

Health Factors - Jack Russell Terrier vs Rat Terrier

Health Issues
The Jack Russell Terrier is a healthy breed, but there are certain health issues that you should check with your vet regularly.
The Rat Terrier is a healthy breed, but there are certain health issues that you should check with your vet regularly.
Health Problems Deafness
Glaucoma
Legg-perthes Disease
Lens Luxation
Patellar Luxation
Eye Problems
Heart Problems
Hip Dysplasia
Legg-perthes Disease
Patellar Luxation
Life Expectancy 13-16 years 15-18 years
Hypoallergenic No No
Energy Level
Jack Russell Terriers are high energy dogs.
Rat Terriers are high energy dogs.
Exercise Need
Jack Russell Terriers need a lot of exercises.
Rat Terriers have an average exercise need.
Sleeping Need
Jack Russell Terriers don't need too much sleep.
Rat Terriers don't need too much sleep.
Avg. daily food consumption 1/4 to 1 cup of high-quality dry food a day, divided into two meals. No set
Weight Gain Potential
Average to High.
Average.
Weather & Climate Prefers average to warm weather conditions Prefers warm weather
Stinkiness Medium
The Jack Russell Terrier has an average chance of bad smell.
Medium
The Rat Terrier has an average chance of bad smell.
Drooling tendency
The Jack Russell Terrier is a perfect example for very low drooling tendency.
The Rat Terrier is a perfect example for very low drooling tendency.

Reproducibility - Jack Russell Terrier vs Rat Terrier

Gestation Length 60-64 days 60-64 days
How often can the have a litter? Once a year.
More frequent breeding is not healthy.
Once a year.
More frequent breeding is not healthy.
Litter Size 4-8 puppies 5-7 puppies

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