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Maltese vs Jack Russell Terrier vs Cavalier King Charles Spaniel – Which one is a better dog breed for you?

"Find similarities and differences between Maltese vs Jack Russell Terrier vs Cavalier King Charles Spaniel" Compare Maltese and Jack Russell Terrier. Which is better: Maltese or Jack Russell Terrier or Cavalier King Charles Spaniel?
Name Maltese Jack Russell Terrier Cavalier King Charles Spaniel
OriginsItaly England England
Group Companion Dogs Hunting Dogs Companion Dogs
Popularity Rank337819
Reviews003
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Other Names Maltese Dog, Maltese lion dog Russell Terrier, JRT, Jack Cav, Cavalier, Cavie
Breed Type Purebred Purebred Purebred
AKC Group Recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1888 as a Toy breed. Recognized by the American Kennel Club in 2012 as a Terrier breed. Recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1995 as a Toy breed.
FCI Group Recognized by FCI in the Companion and Toy Dogs group, in the Bichons and related breeds section. Recognized by FCI in the Terriers group, in the Small sized Terriers section. Recognized by FCI in the Companion and Toy Dogs group, in the English Toy Spaniels section.
Breed Recognition American Canine Registry American Kennel Club America's Pet Registry Canadian Kennel Club Dog Registry of America Inc. Federation Cynologique Internationale Kennel Club of Great Britain North American Purebred Registry, Inc. American Canine Association, Inc. Australian National Kennel Council Continental Kennel Club National Kennel Club New Zealand Kennel Club United Kennel Club American Canine Registry American Kennel Club America's Pet Registry Dog Registry of America Inc. Federation Cynologique Internationale Kennel Club of Great Britain North American Purebred Registry, Inc. American Canine Association, Inc. Australian National Kennel Council Continental Kennel Club National Kennel Club New Zealand Kennel Club United Kennel Club Irish Kennel Club Club Espanol De Terriers Jack Russell Terrier Club Of America American Canine Registry American Kennel Club America's Pet Registry Canadian Kennel Club Dog Registry of America Inc. Federation Cynologique Internationale Kennel Club of Great Britain North American Purebred Registry, Inc. American Canine Association, Inc. Australian National Kennel Council Continental Kennel Club National Kennel Club New Zealand Kennel Club United Kennel Club
Price $600-$800 $700-$1000 $1200-$1500

General Appearance - Maltese vs Jack Russell Terrier vs Cavalier King Charles Spaniel

Size Small Small Small
Weight 6.5-9 pounds (3-4 kg) 11-18 pounds (5-8 kg) 10-18 pounds (5-8 kg)
Avg. Weight 6.7 pounds (3.5 kg) 14.5 pounds (6.5 kg) 14 pounds (6.5 kg)
Height Male: 8-10 inches (21-25 cm), Female: 8-9 inches (20-23 cm) 8-15 inches (20-38 cm) 12-13 inches (30-33 cm)
Avg. Height Male: 9 inches (23 cm), Female: 8.5 inches (21.5 cm) 11.5 inches (29 cm) 12.5 inches (31.5 cm)

Hair & Care - Maltese vs Jack Russell Terrier vs Cavalier King Charles Spaniel

Coat Feathered Rough Feathered
Colors White Tan White Black Tan Blenheim Tricolor Ruby
Grooming
Average: The Maltese requires average grooming effort.
Easy to groom: The Jack Russell Terrier doesn't require a lot of grooming.
Average: The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel requires average grooming effort.
Shedding Level
Malteses shed none to minimal.
Jack Russell Terriers are heavy shedders.
Cavalier King Charles Spaniels shed above average.

Characteristics - Maltese vs Jack Russell Terrier vs Cavalier King Charles Spaniel

Temperament Active Easygoing Intelligent Responsive Docile Gentle Playful Sweet Tempered Alert Courageous Independent Cheerful Energetic Stubborn Affectionate Courageous Intelligent Cheerful Gentle Social Polite Quiet Active Graceful Fearless Friendly Nonaggressive Sporty No tendency towards nervousness
Intelligent Rank
Low to average: This canine intelligence is not the brightest one.
Very smart: Jack Russell Terrier is an excellent dog breed.
Average: Cavalier King Charles Spaniel's has average obedience intelligence.
Trainability
Malteses are quite easy to train.
Jack Russell Terriers are quite easy to train.
Cavalier King Charles Spaniels are quite easy to train.
Playfulness
Malteses, like any other dog breed, like playing.
The Jack Russell Terrier is a highly playful breed.
Cavalier King Charles Spaniels, like any other dog breed, like playing.
Sensitivity Level
They are a little bit more sensitive than other dog breeds.
They are a little bit more sensitive than other dog breeds.
Cavalier King Charles Spaniels don't like an irregular daily routine, noisy household and frequent guest visits.
Affection Level
Malteses are genuinely loyal, soft and gentle, loving and affectionate dogs toward their handlers.
Jack Russell Terriers are genuinely loyal, soft and gentle, loving and affectionate dogs toward their handlers.
Cavalier King Charles Spaniels are genuinely loyal, soft and gentle, loving and affectionate dogs toward their handlers.
Social Needs
Malteses need a lot of social interaction.
Jack Russell Terriers need for social interaction is average.
Cavalier King Charles Spaniels need a lot of social interaction.
Barking
High: The Maltese is a very vocal breed.
High: The Jack Russell Terrier is a very vocal breed.
Average: The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel barks occasionally.
Watchdog Ability
Malteses are average watchdogs.
Jack Russell Terriers are good watchdogs.
Cavalier King Charles Spaniels are not the best watchdogs.
Territorial
Malteses strongly protect their territory.
Jack Russell Terriers are extremely protective guard dogs.
Cavalier King Charles Spaniels are not the best to protect their territory.
Biting Potential Low
The Maltese has a low chance of biting somebody.
Low
The Jack Russell Terrier has a low chance of biting somebody.
Low
The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel has a low chance of biting somebody.
Mouthiness
Malteses have an average tendency to nip, chew, play-bite, or herd people.
Jack Russell Terriers have a higher than average tendency to nip, chew, play-bite, or herd people.
Cavalier King Charles Spaniels have an average tendency to nip, chew, play-bite, or herd people.
Impulse to Wander or Roam
Malteses are not the biggest explorers.
Wanderlust potential of the Jack Russell Terrier is strong enough to escape from home.
Cavalier King Charles Spaniels tend to escape less than other breeds.
Prey Drive
Malteses have a higher impulse to chase and catch something than other dog breeds.
Jack Russell Terriers have a high impulse to chase and catch something.
Cavalier King Charles Spaniels have an average prey drive, which means that they don't have a high impulse to chase and catch something like a cat or any other small aminals, but it might happen.
Apartment Friendly
Malteses are very apartment-friendly dogs.
Jack Russell Terriers are not apartment-friendly dogs.
Cavalier King Charles Spaniels are very apartment-friendly dogs.
Adaptability
Malteses adapt very well to lifestyle changes and basically all living environments.
Jack Russell Terriers adapt very well to lifestyle changes and basically all living environments.
Cavalier King Charles Spaniels adapt very well to lifestyle changes and basically all living environments.
Tolerates Being Left Alone
Malteses tend to have separation anxiety when their owners left them alone at home because they bond very closely with them.
Just like every puppy, they are prone to panic, cry, bark, whine when they left alone by their owner.
Cavalier King Charles Spaniels tend to have separation anxiety when their owners left them alone at home because they bond very closely with them.
Fighting Dog Not really
In history, this breed was not really used for combat dog.
Not really
In history, this breed was not really used for combat dog.
Not really
In history, this breed was not really used for combat dog.

Good With - Maltese vs Jack Russell Terrier vs Cavalier King Charles Spaniel

Stranger Friendly
Malteses are very stranger friendly dogs.
Jack Russell Terriers are average friendly towards strangers.
Cavalier King Charles Spaniels are very stranger friendly dogs.
Child Friendly
Malteses are kid-friendly dogs.
Jack Russell Terriers are average friendly dogs towards children.
Cavalier King Charles Spaniels are very kid-friendly dogs.
Cat Friendly
Malteses are very cat-friendly dogs.
Jack Russell Terriers are not the most cat-friendly dogs.
Cavalier King Charles Spaniels are average friendly towards cats.
Dog Friendly
Malteses are very dog-friendly dogs.
Jack Russell Terriers are dog-friendly dogs.
Cavalier King Charles Spaniels are very dog-friendly dogs.
Office Friendly No
Maltese is not the best dog breed for office environment.
No
Jack Russell Terrier is not the best dog breed for office environment.
No
Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is not the best dog breed for office environment.
Senior Citizens Friendly
Malteses are usually recommended for elderly people.
Jack Russell Terriers are commonly okay with elderly people.
Cavalier King Charles Spaniels are one of the best breeds for elderly people.
Pet Friendly
Malteses are one of the friendliest dog breeds.
Jack Russell Terriers usually don’t get on well with other pets.
Cavalier King Charles Spaniels are generally with other pets.
Good For First Time Owners No
Malteses are not good for novice owners, due to their stubborn personality.
No
Jack Russell Terriers are not good for novice owners, due to their stubborn personality.
No
Cavalier King Charles Spaniels are not good for novice owners, due to their stubborn personality.
Service Dog Not really
This breed generally not used as a service dog.
Not really
This breed generally not used as a service dog.
Not really
This breed generally not used as a service dog.
Therapy Dog Not really
This breed generally not used as a therapy dog.
Not really
This breed generally not used as a therapy dog.
Yes
This breed makes a perfect therapy dog.
Detection Dog or Sniffer Dog Not really
A detection dog or sniffer dog is a dog that is trained to use its senses (mostly its smell) to detect substances such as explosives, illegal drugs, wildlife scat, currency, blood, and contraband electronics such as illicit mobile phones.
Not really
A detection dog or sniffer dog is a dog that is trained to use its senses (mostly its smell) to detect substances such as explosives, illegal drugs, wildlife scat, currency, blood, and contraband electronics such as illicit mobile phones.
Not really
A detection dog or sniffer dog is a dog that is trained to use its senses (mostly its smell) to detect substances such as explosives, illegal drugs, wildlife scat, currency, blood, and contraband electronics such as illicit mobile phones.
Search and Rescue Dog (SAR) Not really
The use of dogs in search and rescue (SAR) is a valuable component in wilderness tracking, natural disasters, mass casualty events, and in locating missing people.
Not really
The use of dogs in search and rescue (SAR) is a valuable component in wilderness tracking, natural disasters, mass casualty events, and in locating missing people.
Not really
The use of dogs in search and rescue (SAR) is a valuable component in wilderness tracking, natural disasters, mass casualty events, and in locating missing people.
Boat Dog Not really
Maltese breed usually doesn't like being on a boat.
Yes
Jack Russell Terrier breed usually likes being on a boat.
Not really
Cavalier King Charles Spaniel breed usually doesn't like being on a boat.
Cart Pulling or Drafting Dog Not really
A drafting dog or draft dog is a dog bred and used for cart pulling.
Not really
A drafting dog or draft dog is a dog bred and used for cart pulling.
Not really
A drafting dog or draft dog is a dog bred and used for cart pulling.

Health Factors - Maltese vs Jack Russell Terrier vs Cavalier King Charles Spaniel

Health Issues
The Maltese is a healthy breed, but there are certain health issues that you should check with your vet regularly.
The Jack Russell Terrier is a healthy breed, but there are certain health issues that you should check with your vet regularly.
Cavalier King Charles Spaniels tend to have more and frequent health issues than other breeds.
Health Problems Collapsed Trachea Hypoglycemia Patellar Luxation Portosystemic Liver Shunt Progressive retinal atrophy (PRA) Reverse Sneezing White Dog Shaker Syndrome Deafness Glaucoma Legg-perthes Disease Lens Luxation Patellar Luxation Dry Eye Episodic Falling Syndrome Hip Dysplasia Mitral Valve Disease Patellar Luxation Syringomyelia
Life Expectancy 15-18 years 13-16 years 10-14 years
Hypoallergenic Yes No No
Energy Level
Malteses have an average energy level, so if you live a semi-active life, this breed can be a good choice for you.
Jack Russell Terriers are high energy dogs.
Cavalier King Charles Spaniels have an average energy level, so if you live a semi-active life, this breed can be a good choice for you.
Exercise Need
Malteses exercise need is very minimal.
Jack Russell Terriers need a lot of exercises.
Cavalier King Charles Spaniels have an average exercise need.
Sleeping Need
Malteses sleep 12-14 hours a day as an average dog and they're not considered as a lazy breed.
Jack Russell Terriers don't need too much sleep.
Cavalier King Charles Spaniels sleep 12-14 hours a day as an average dog and they're not considered as a lazy breed.
Avg. daily food consumption Recommended daily amount: 1/4 to 1/2 cup of high-quality dry food a day, divided into two meals. 1/4 to 1 cup of high-quality dry food a day, divided into two meals. 1 to 1.5 cups of high-quality dry food a day, divided into two meals.
Weight Gain Potential
Average.
Average to High.
Average to High.
Weather & Climate Prefers warm weather Prefers average to warm weather conditions Tolerates warm and cold weather.
Stinkiness Medium
The Maltese has an average chance of bad smell.
Medium
The Jack Russell Terrier has an average chance of bad smell.
High
The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel has a high chance of bad smell.
Drooling tendency
The Maltese is a perfect example for very low drooling tendency.
The Jack Russell Terrier is a perfect example for very low drooling tendency.
The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is a perfect example for very low drooling tendency.

Reproducibility - Maltese vs Jack Russell Terrier vs Cavalier King Charles Spaniel

Gestation Length 60-64 days 60-64 days 60-64 days
How often can the have a litter? Once a year.
More frequent breeding is not healthy.
Once a year.
More frequent breeding is not healthy.
Once a year.
More frequent breeding is not healthy.
Litter Size 3-5 puppies 4-8 puppies 3-5 puppies

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