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Samoyed vs Golden Retriever vs Alaskan Malamute – Which one is a better dog breed for you?

"Find similarities and differences between Samoyed vs Golden Retriever vs Alaskan Malamute" Compare Samoyed and Golden Retriever. Which is better: Samoyed or Golden Retriever or Alaskan Malamute?
Name Samoyed Golden Retriever Alaskan Malamute
OriginsRussia Scotland United States
Group Sled Dogs Gun Dog Sled Dogs
Popularity Rank57359
Reviews010
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Other Names Samoyedskaya, Bjelkier, Samoiedskaya Sobaka, Nenetskaya Laika, Smiley, Sammy Yellow Retriever, Golden Flat Coat Mal, Mally
Breed Type Purebred Purebred Purebred
AKC Group Recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1906 as a Working breed. Recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1925 as a Sporting breed. Recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1935 as a Working breed.
FCI Group Recognized by FCI in the Spitz and primitive types group, in the Nordic Sledge Dogs section. Recognized by FCI in the Retrievers - Flushing Dogs - Water Dogs group, in the Retrievers section. Recognized by FCI in the Spitz and primitive types group, in the Nordic Sledge Dogs section.
Breed Recognition American Canine Registry American Kennel Club America's Pet Registry Canadian Kennel Club Dog Registry of America Inc. Federation Cynologique Internationale Kennel Club of Great Britain North American Purebred Registry, Inc. American Canine Association, Inc. Australian National Kennel Council Continental Kennel Club National Kennel Club New Zealand Kennel Club United Kennel Club American Canine Registry American Kennel Club America's Pet Registry Canadian Kennel Club Dog Registry of America Inc. Federation Cynologique Internationale Kennel Club of Great Britain North American Purebred Registry, Inc. American Canine Association, Inc. Australian National Kennel Council Continental Kennel Club National Kennel Club New Zealand Kennel Club United Kennel Club American Canine Registry American Kennel Club America's Pet Registry Canadian Kennel Club Dog Registry of America Inc. Federation Cynologique Internationale Kennel Club of Great Britain North American Purebred Registry, Inc. American Canine Association, Inc. Continental Kennel Club National Kennel Club New Zealand Kennel Club United Kennel Club
Price $1200-$1500 $1000-$2000 $1200-$1500

General Appearance - Samoyed vs Golden Retriever vs Alaskan Malamute

Size Medium Large Large
Weight Male: 45-65 pounds (20.5-30 kg), Female: 35-50 pounds (16-20.5 kg) Male: 60-80 pounds (27-36 kg), Female: 55-70 pounds (25-32 kg) Male: 80 - 95 pounds (36 - 43 kg), Female: 70 - 85 pounds (32 - 38 kg)
Avg. Weight Male: 55 pounds (25 kg), Female: 42.5 pounds (19 kg) Male: 70 pounds (31.5 kg), Female: 62.5 pounds (28.5 kg) Male: 80 - 95 pounds (36 - 43 kg), Female: 70 - 85 pounds (32 - 38 kg)
Height Male: 21-23.5 inches (53-60 cm), Female: 19-21 inches (48-53 cm) Male: 22-24 inches (56-61cm), Female: 20-22 inches (51-56 cm) Male: 24 - 26 inches (61 - 66 cm), Female: 22 - 24 inches (56 - 61 cm)
Avg. Height Male: 21-23.5 inches (56.5 cm), Female: 20 inches (50.5 cm) Male: 23 inches (58.5 cm), Female: 21 inches (53.5 cm) Male: 24 - 26 inches (61 - 66 cm), Female: 22 - 24 inches (56 - 61 cm)

Hair & Care - Samoyed vs Golden Retriever vs Alaskan Malamute

Coat Dense Silky Wavy Shiny Straight Dense Rough Thick Weather-resistant
Colors Biscuit White Cream Golden Light Red Gray White Black
Grooming
Advanced: The Samoyed requires a lot of grooming.
Average: The Golden Retriever requires average grooming effort.
Average: The Alaskan Malamute requires average grooming effort.
Shedding Level
Samoyeds are heavy shedders.
Golden Retrievers shed moderately.
Alaskan Malamutes are heavy shedders.

Characteristics - Samoyed vs Golden Retriever vs Alaskan Malamute

Temperament Alert Friendly Playful Stubborn Lively Intelligent Sociable Confident Intelligent Reliable Friendly Kind Trustworthy Affectionate Dignified Loyal Devoted Friendly Playful
Intelligent Rank
Smart: Samoyed's has great intelligence.
Outstanding: Golden Retriever is one of the brightest dog breeds.
Average: Alaskan Malamute's has average obedience intelligence.
Trainability
Samoyeds are easy to train.
Golden Retrievers are easy to train.
Alaskan Malamutes are easy to train.
Playfulness
Samoyeds, like any other dog breed, like playing.
The Golden Retriever is a highly playful breed.
The Alaskan Malamute is a playful breed.
Sensitivity Level
Samoyeds are less sensitive than other dog breeds.
Golden Retrievers don't like an irregular daily routine, noisy household and frequent guest visits.
They are a little bit more sensitive than other dog breeds.
Affection Level
Samoyeds are genuinely loyal, soft and gentle, loving and affectionate dogs toward their handlers.
Golden Retrievers are genuinely loyal, soft and gentle, loving and affectionate dogs toward their handlers.
Alaskan Malamutes are average dogs regarding their affection level.
Social Needs
Samoyeds are a social breed.
Golden Retrievers need a lot of social interaction.
Alaskan Malamutes are a social breed.
Barking
Average: The Samoyed barks occasionally.
Low to Average: The Golden Retriever rarely barks.
Low to Average: The Alaskan Malamute rarely barks.
Watchdog Ability
Samoyeds are good watchdogs.
Golden Retrievers are average watchdogs.
Alaskan Malamutes are one of the best watchdogs.
Territorial
Samoyeds are extremely protective guard dogs.
Golden Retrievers are average defenders.
Alaskan Malamutes are extremely protective guard dogs.
Biting Potential Low
The Samoyed has a low chance of biting somebody.
Moderate
The Golden Retriever has an average chance of biting somebody.
Moderate
The Alaskan Malamute has an average chance of biting somebody.
Mouthiness
Samoyeds have an average tendency to nip, chew, play-bite, or herd people.
Golden Retrievers have a strong tendency to nip, chew, play-bite, or herd people.
Alaskan Malamutes have an average tendency to nip, chew, play-bite, or herd people.
Impulse to Wander or Roam
Wanderlust potential of the Samoyed is strong enough to escape from home.
Golden Retrievers tend to escape less than other breeds.
Alaskan Malamutes have high wanderlust potential, which means that this breed has a strong desire for exploring the world.
Prey Drive
Samoyeds have a high impulse to chase and catch something.
Golden Retrievers have an average prey drive, which means that they don't have a high impulse to chase and catch something like a cat or any other small aminals, but it might happen.
Alaskan Malamutes have a higher impulse to chase and catch something than other dog breeds.
Apartment Friendly
Samoyeds are not the best choice for an apartment lifestyle, but they don't mind being inside if you walk them several times every day.
Golden Retrievers are not recommended for an apartment lifestyle.
Alaskan Malamutes are not apartment-friendly dogs.
Adaptability
Samoyeds adapt well to lifestyle changes and different living environments.
Golden Retrievers adapt very well to lifestyle changes and basically all living environments.
Alaskan Malamutes adapt to lifestyle changes and different living environments quite okay usually.
Tolerates Being Left Alone
Samoyeds do best when a family member is at home during the day or if their workplace is dog-friendly so they can take the dog at work.
Golden Retrievers tend to have separation anxiety when their owners left them alone at home because they bond very closely with them.
Alaskan Malamutes do best when a family member is at home during the day or if their workplace is dog-friendly so they can take the dog at work.
Fighting Dog Not really
In history, this breed was not really used for combat dog.
Not really
In history, this breed was not really used for combat dog.
Yes
In history, this breed was unfortunately used for combat dog.

Good With - Samoyed vs Golden Retriever vs Alaskan Malamute

Stranger Friendly
Samoyeds are average friendly towards strangers.
Golden Retrievers are very stranger friendly dogs.
Alaskan Malamutes are stranger friendly dogs.
Child Friendly
Samoyeds are very kid-friendly dogs.
Golden Retrievers are very kid-friendly dogs.
Alaskan Malamutes are kid-friendly dogs.
Cat Friendly
Samoyeds are average friendly towards cats.
Golden Retrievers are cat-friendly dogs.
Alaskan Malamutes are not cat-friendly dogs.
Dog Friendly
Samoyeds are dog-friendly dogs.
Golden Retrievers are very dog-friendly dogs.
Alaskan Malamutes are very dog-friendly dogs.
Office Friendly No
Samoyed is not the best dog breed for office environment.
No
Golden Retriever is not the best dog breed for office environment.
No
Alaskan Malamute is not the best dog breed for office environment.
Senior Citizens Friendly
Samoyeds are one of the best breeds for elderly people.
Golden Retrievers are one of the best breeds for elderly people.
Alaskan Malamutes are usually recommended for elderly people.
Pet Friendly
Samoyeds are generally with other pets.
Golden Retrievers are usually friendly towards other pets.
Alaskan Malamutes do best when they’re the only pet at the family.
Good For First Time Owners Yes
Samoyeds are good for novice owners, due to their easy-going personality.
No
Golden Retrievers are not good for novice owners, due to their stubborn personality.
No
Alaskan Malamutes are not good for novice owners, due to their stubborn personality.
Service Dog Not really
This breed generally not used as a service dog.
Yes
This breed makes good as a service dog.
Not really
This breed generally not used as a service dog.
Therapy Dog Not really
This breed generally not used as a therapy dog.
Yes
This breed makes a perfect therapy dog.
Not really
This breed generally not used as a therapy dog.
Detection Dog or Sniffer Dog Not really
A detection dog or sniffer dog is a dog that is trained to use its senses (mostly its smell) to detect substances such as explosives, illegal drugs, wildlife scat, currency, blood, and contraband electronics such as illicit mobile phones.
Yes
A detection dog or sniffer dog is a dog that is trained to use its senses (mostly its smell) to detect substances such as explosives, illegal drugs, wildlife scat, currency, blood, and contraband electronics such as illicit mobile phones.
Not really
A detection dog or sniffer dog is a dog that is trained to use its senses (mostly its smell) to detect substances such as explosives, illegal drugs, wildlife scat, currency, blood, and contraband electronics such as illicit mobile phones.
Search and Rescue Dog (SAR) Not really
The use of dogs in search and rescue (SAR) is a valuable component in wilderness tracking, natural disasters, mass casualty events, and in locating missing people.
Yes
The use of dogs in search and rescue (SAR) is a valuable component in wilderness tracking, natural disasters, mass casualty events, and in locating missing people.
Not really
The use of dogs in search and rescue (SAR) is a valuable component in wilderness tracking, natural disasters, mass casualty events, and in locating missing people.
Boat Dog Not really
Samoyed breed usually doesn't like being on a boat.
Yes
Golden Retriever breed usually likes being on a boat.
Not really
Alaskan Malamute breed usually doesn't like being on a boat.
Cart Pulling or Drafting Dog Not really
A drafting dog or draft dog is a dog bred and used for cart pulling.
Not really
A drafting dog or draft dog is a dog bred and used for cart pulling.
Not really
A drafting dog or draft dog is a dog bred and used for cart pulling.

Health Factors - Samoyed vs Golden Retriever vs Alaskan Malamute

Health Issues
Egészségesek Samoyed fajták, de vannak bizonyos egészségügyi problémáik, amelyeket rendszeresen ellenőrizned kell az állatorvossal.
Golden Retrievers are commonly healthy dogs.
Egészségesek Alaskan Malamute fajták, de vannak bizonyos egészségügyi problémáik, amelyeket rendszeresen ellenőrizned kell az állatorvossal.
Health Problems Bloat Diabetes Hip Dysplasia Progressive retinal atrophy (PRA) Pulmonic Stenosis Allergies Bloat Cataracts Elbow Dysplasia Epilepsy Hemangiosarcoma Hip Dysplasia Hypothyroidism Osteochondrosis Dissecans Osteosarcoma Progressive retinal atrophy (PRA) Subvalvular Aortic Stenosis Von Willebrand's Disease Cataracts Chondrodysplasia Hemeralopia Hip Dysplasia Hypothyroidism Inherited Polyneuropathy
Life Expectancy 12-14 years 10-12 years 12-15 years
Hypoallergenic Yes No No
Energy Level
Samoyeds are high energy dogs.
Golden Retrievers are high energy dogs.
Alaskan Malamutes are high energy dogs.
Exercise Need
Samoyeds need quite a lot of exercise.
Golden Retrievers need a lot of exercises.
Alaskan Malamutes need quite a lot of exercise.
Sleeping Need
Samoyeds don't need too much sleep.
Golden Retrievers don't need too much sleep.
Alaskan Malamutes don't need too much sleep.
Avg. daily food consumption 2 to 3 cups of high-quality dry food a day, divided into two meals. 3 to 4 cups of high-quality dry food a day, divided into two meals. Recommended daily amount: 4 to 5 cups of high-quality dry food a day, divided into two meals.
Weight Gain Potential
Average to High.
High: The Golden Retriever breed has a strong tendency to overweight.
Average.
Weather & Climate Prefers cold weather
The Samoyed can adapt well to harsh weather conditions, and also can be a good mountain dog.
Tolerates warm and cold weather. Prefers cold weather
The Alaskan Malamute can adapt well to harsh weather conditions, and also can be a good mountain dog.
Stinkiness Low
The Samoyed has a low chance of bad smell.
Medium
The Golden Retriever has an average chance of bad smell.
Low
The Alaskan Malamute has a low chance of bad smell.
Drooling tendency
The Samoyed is a perfect example for low drooling tendency.
The Golden Retriever drools quite a lot, so if you dislike being covered by slobber spots on your clothes, you may want to choose another dog breed.
The Alaskan Malamute is a perfect example for very low drooling tendency.

Reproducibility - Samoyed vs Golden Retriever vs Alaskan Malamute

Gestation Length 60-64 days 60-64 days 60-64 days
How often can the have a litter? Once a year.
More frequent breeding is not healthy.
Once a year.
More frequent breeding is not healthy.
Once a year.
More frequent breeding is not healthy.
Litter Size 4-6 puppies 5-10 puppies 4-10 puppies

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