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Jack Russell Terrier Information & Dog Breed Facts

Collection of all the general dog breed info about Jack Russell Terrier so you can get to know the breed more.

OriginEngland
Group Hunting Dogs
Popularity Rank78
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Other Names
What other names does the Jack Russell Terrier have? The dog breed also known as...
Russell Terrier, JRT, Jack
Breed Type
What type of dog breed is it?
Purebred
AKC Group
Is Jack Russell Terrier recognized by the American Kennel Club?
Recognized by the American Kennel Club in 2012 as a Terrier breed.
FCI Group
Is Jack Russell Terrier recognized by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI)?
Recognized by FCI in the Terriers group, in the Small sized Terriers section.
Breed Recognition
What kennel clubs and organizations recognize or register the Jack Russell Terrier breed?
American Canine RegistryAmerican Kennel ClubAmerica's Pet RegistryDog Registry of America Inc.Federation Cynologique InternationaleKennel Club of Great BritainNorth American Purebred Registry, Inc.American Canine Association, Inc.Australian National Kennel CouncilContinental Kennel ClubNational Kennel ClubNew Zealand Kennel ClubUnited Kennel ClubIrish Kennel ClubClub Espanol De TerriersJack Russell Terrier Club Of America
Price
How much does the Jack Russell Terrier puppy cost? What is the price range of this puppy? What is the average price of this dog in the United States? Is this puppy expensive? How much should I pay for it? Jack Russell Terrier price:
$700-$1000
If you choose to purchase the Jack Russell Terrier, you should know that the mentioned amount of money is an average of the collected data from breeders’ sites and puppy finder places. If you have a Jack Russell Terrier for sale, please advertise it on a reliable website to make sure the Jack Russell Terrier gets to a happy place.

General Appearance

Size
What size is this breed? How big is this dog? Jack Russell Terrier size:
Small
Weight
How much does the Jack Russell Terrier weigh? Jack Russell Terrier weight:
11-18 pounds (5-8 kg)
Avg. Weight
What is the average weight of the Jack Russell Terrier? Jack Russell Terrier average weight:
14.5 pounds (6.5 kg)
Height
How tall is the Jack Russell Terrier? Jack Russell Terrier height:
8-15 inches (20-38 cm)
Avg. Height
What is the average height of this fido? Jack Russell Terrier average height:
11.5 inches (29 cm)

Hair & Care

Coat
What type of coat does the Jack Russell Terrier have? What does this canine coat look like?
Rough
Colors
What color is the breed's coat? What color is a proper Jack Russell Terrier's coat?
TanWhiteBlack
Grooming
How to groom the Jack Russell Terrier and how often?
Easy to groom: The Jack Russell Terrier doesn't require a lot of grooming. Seasonal flea treatment is needed, but cutting the dog's hair by a professional groomer isn't necessary. Ears and eyes should be cleaned regularly to avoid infections. Jack Russell Terrier is a good choice if you don't have the time, skill or money to take care of a high maintenance dog. Recommended for beginners.
Shedding Level
How much do Jack Russell Terrier dogs shed? How to control, reduce and prevent the shedding of the Russell Terrier? Jack Russell Terrier shedding level:
Jack Russell Terriers are heavy shedders. It's a natural process of the hair growth cycle. Be prepared for the daily vacuum cleaning. The amount and frequency of hair loss mostly depend on their health status and breed type.

Characteristics

Temperament
What kind of personality does the Jack Russell Terrier have? What characteristics does the breed have?
AlertCourageousIndependentCheerfulEnergetic
Intelligent Rank
How smart is the Jack Russell Terrier? Are they intelligent?
Average: Jack Russell Terrier's has average obedience intelligence. Patience is needed for teaching this breed to any tricks and commands though, but it's worth the effort. They understand and memorize new commands in 25-40 repetitions. This breed obeys for the first command 50% of the time or better.
Trainability
Are Jack Russell Terrier dogs easy to train? Do they go well on dog training?
Jack Russell Terriers are easy to train. They find out the association between commands and actions quite quickly.
Playfulness
How playful is this breed?
The Jack Russell Terrier is a highly playful breed. Excited barking and sometimes nipping will alert you to play.
Sensitivity Level
How sensitive are they? Jack Russell Terrier sensitivity:
Jack Russell Terriers have an average emotional level and are not the most sensitive dog breed. Sometimes it's okay to change the daily routine, have guests and listen to loud music. Some dogs handle moderate punishment very well, while others crumble apart at a dirty look. This breed is not affected emotionally for moderate punishment.
Affection Level
How affectionate are they?
Jack Russell Terriers are genuinely loyal, soft and gentle, loving and affectionate dogs toward their handlers. They enjoy quality time with their owners despite the activity and considered as a great therapy dog for those in need. This breed responds strongly to their handler's emotions because they bond closely. Their happiness is your happiness.
Social Needs
How much social interaction does the Russell Terrier need? Jack Russell Terrier social needs:
Jack Russell Terriers need for social interaction is average. This breed likes being around people or other animals, but they don't mind being left alone for a few hours either.
Barking
Do Jack Russell Terrier dogs bark a lot? Why does my JRT bark?
High: The Jack Russell Terrier is a very vocal breed. Definitely not the best choice if you prefer a quiet breed. They often enjoy barking and howling loudly. They can change their barks depending on their emotional level and what they're trying to say. Different barks could mean the same and same barks could have a different meaning. Top reasons for barking: protection, alarm, fear, boredom, attention seeking, greeting, separation anxiety, compulsive barking.
Watchdog Ability
Is Jack Russell Terrier good as a watchdog?
Jack Russell Terriers are good watchdogs. Their main job is to observe and they're consistent in their effort. Good vocal cords and sense of hearing belong to them. Usually, they're territorial and protective about their property, so the Jack Russell Terriers will alert you if they sense something different.
Territorial
Do Jack Russell Terrier dogs have an aggressive behavior to protect their territory?
Jack Russell Terriers are extremely protective guard dogs. This breed doesn't hesitate to protect their territory so the Jack Russell Terrier can be a good choice if you want an excellent guard dog. Keep calm and the Jack Russell Terrier will take care of unwanted people or animals.
Biting Potential
Do Jack Russell Terrier bite humans? How likely are you to get bitten from the Russell Terrier? What are the odds of getting bitten by a Jack Russell Terrier? Why do dog bites happen?
Low
The Jack Russell Terrier has a low chance of biting somebody. Top reasons for dog bite: protection, pain, excitement, herding instinct, being provoked. (Data based on the available online bite statistics.)
Mouthiness
How much mouthing/nipping/play biting does the Jack Russell Terrier do?
Jack Russell Terriers have a higher than average tendency to nip, chew, play-bite, or herd people. It's a common habit during puppyhood, not aggressive behavior. These "bites" don't hurt, but Jack Russell Terriers need to be taught for a good attitude.
Impulse to Wander or Roam
How likely is the Jack Russell Terrier to run away? Does this breed wander a lot? Does Jack Russell Terrier roam?
Wanderlust potential of the Jack Russell Terrier is strong enough to escape from home. They have a strong desire for exploring the world. Safer to walk them on a leash unless you teach them how to get back to you on command.
Prey Drive
Do this canine have a strong prey drive? Does Jack Russell Terrier have high prey drive?
Jack Russell Terriers have a high impulse to chase and catch something. Cats or any other small animals are in danger. It's a natural instinct, doesn't necessarily mean that Jack Russell Terrier dogs are aggressive. Better to keep this breed on a leash.
Apartment Friendly
Is Jack Russell Terrier good as an apartment dog? Can they live in a flat?
Jack Russell Terriers are not apartment-friendly dogs. If you don't have a garden, you may have to reconsider your choice for having a puppy from this breed.
Adaptability
Are they adaptable and easy-going?
Jack Russell Terriers adapt very well to lifestyle changes and basically all living environments. They don't mind moving from one place to another with their owner.
Tolerates Being Left Alone
Can you leave this breed home alone?
Just like every puppy, they are prone to panic, cry, bark, whine when they left alone by their owner. With proper socialization and quality time with the dog can solve this problem.
Fighting Dog
Where Jack Russell Terrier dogs used as a fighting dog in the history?
Not really
In history, this breed was not really used for combat dog.

Good With

Stranger Friendly
Are they friendly with strangers?
Jack Russell Terriers are average friendly towards strangers.
Child Friendly
Are Jack Russell Terrier dogs kid-friendly? Are they good with young children? Jack Russell Terrier and children:
Jack Russell Terriers are kid-friendly dogs. This breed is a good choice if you have children.
Cat Friendly
How well do Jack Russell Terrier dogs get along with cats? Are they good with kittens? What is this fido's temperament with cats?
Jack Russell Terriers are not the most cat-friendly dogs.
Dog Friendly
Is Jack Russell Terrier good with other dogs? Are they dog-friendly dogs? How well do Jack Russell Terrier dogs get along with other dogs? What is this canine temperament with other dogs?
Jack Russell Terriers are not the most dog-friendly dogs. If you want more dogs in your family or you'd like to join dog meetups, the Jack Russell Terrier is not a good choice.
Office Friendly
Are Jack Russell Terriers good office dogs? Do Jack Russell Terriers make good office friendly dogs? Can Jack Russell Terriers be ofiice dogs?
No
Jack Russell Terrier is not the best dog breed for office environment.
Senior Citizens Friendly
Are they senior citizens friendly dogs? How well do Jack Russell Terrier dogs get along with the elderly people? What is the Russell Terrier temperament with senior people? Are Jack Russell Terrier dogs good for elderly owners?
Jack Russell Terriers are usually recommended for elderly people.
Pet Friendly
Are they pet-friendly dogs? How well do Jack Russell Terrier dogs get along with other pets? Are Jack Russell Terrier dogs good with pets? What is this canine temperament with other pets?
Jack Russell Terriers usually don’t get on well with other pets.
Good For First Time Owners
Is Jack Russell Terrier breed good for first-time owners? Do they make a good dog for novice owners?
Yes
Jack Russell Terriers are good for novice owners, due to their easy-going personality.
Service Dog
Are they good as service dogs? Can Jack Russell Terrier be a service dog?
Not really
This breed generally not used as a service dog. A service dog is a term used in the USA to refer to any type of assistance dog specifically trained to help people who have disabilities, such as visual impairment, hearing impairments, mental disorders, seizures, mobility impairment, and diabetes. Service dogs are protected under the ADA (Americans with Disabilities Act). Jack Russell Terrier is not the best breed for service purposes.
Therapy Dog
Are they good as therapy dogs? Can Jack Russell Terrier be a therapy dog?
Not really
This breed generally not used as a therapy dog. A therapy dog is a dog that might be trained to provide affection, comfort, and love to people in hospitals, retirement homes, nursing homes, schools, hospices, disaster areas, and to people with anxiety disorders or autism. Jack Russell Terrier is not the best breed for therapeutic purposes.
Detection Dog or Sniffer Dog
Are they good as detection dogs? Can Jack Russell Terrier be a sniffer dog?
Not really
A detection dog or sniffer dog is a dog that is trained to use its senses (mostly its smell) to detect substances such as explosives, illegal drugs, wildlife scat, currency, blood, and contraband electronics such as illicit mobile phones. Jack Russell Terrier is not the best breed for detection purposes.
Search and Rescue Dog (SAR)
Are they good as SAR dogs? Can Jack Russell Terrier be a search and rescue dog?
Not really
The use of dogs in search and rescue (SAR) is a valuable component in wilderness tracking, natural disasters, mass casualty events, and in locating missing people. The Jack Russell Terrier is not the best breed for SAR purposes.
Boat Dog
Are they good as boat dogs? Can Jack Russell Terrier be a boat dog?
Not really
Jack Russell Terrier breed usually doesn't like being on a boat.
Cart Pulling or Drafting Dog
Are they good as cart pulling dogs? Can Jack Russell Terrier be a drafting dog?
Not really
A drafting dog or draft dog is a dog bred and used for cart pulling. Dogs bred for this work have strong builds and qualities that are needed, strength and determination. Jack Russell Terrier is not the best breed for drafting purposes.

Health Factors

Health Issues
Is it a healthy breed? Do Jack Russell Terrier dogs have health problems?
Egészségesek Jack Russell Terrier fajták, de vannak bizonyos egészségügyi problémáik, amelyeket rendszeresen ellenőrizned kell az állatorvossal.
Health Problems
What health problems does the Jack Russell Terrier breed have? What are the health issues and concerns of the Jack Russell Terrier breed? Health risks of Jack Russell Terrier:
DeafnessGlaucomaLegg-perthes DiseaseLens LuxationPatellar Luxation
Life Expectancy
How long do Jack Russell Terrier dogs live? What is the average lifespan of this breed? How old can a Jack Russell Terrier be?
13-16 years
Hypoallergenic
Is the Jack Russell Terrier breed hypoallergenic?
No
Jack Russell Terriers don't do well with allergy sufferers by causing allergic reaction. Some of the dog breeds are even considered to higher the possibility of an allergic response. Coat type isn't necessarily relevant, because most people are allergic to dander (flakes on the dog's skin) or saliva, not actually to dog hair.
Energy Level
How much energy does the Jack Russell Terrier have?
Jack Russell Terriers are high energy dogs. Active lifestyle makes them happy.
Exercise Need
How much exercise does this dog need? How much exercise do Jack Russell Terrier dogs require per day?
Jack Russell Terriers need a lot of exercises. Long walks should be on a daily schedule. If you live an active life, this breed can be a good choice for you.
Sleeping Need
How much sleep does this fido need?
Jack Russell Terriers don't need too much sleep. They are energetic and desire to live an active life. If you think naps are overrated, this breed can be the best choice for you.
Avg. daily food consumption
How much food does the Jack Russell Terrier need? How often should I feed my canine? What dog products should I buy?
1/4 to 1 cup of high-quality dry food a day, divided into two meals.
Weight Gain Potential
How easy to gain weight for this dog? Jack Russell Terrier risk for obesity:
Average to High. If you don't pay attention to the Jack Russell Terrier's weight, he can easily gain weight. More than one daily walk should be on schedule. To make your dog happy and fit, feed him with quality dry dog food and live an active life together. Try to find the happy medium between exercise and feeding. If you notice any weight gain, consult your veterinarian and make a diet plan. Reduce unhealthy food and snacks, and measure the Jack Russell Terrier's weight regularly.
Weather & Climate
Which weather condition is preferred by this dog? Can they tolerate hot and cold weather & climate?
Prefers average to cold weather conditions
The Jack Russell Terrier can adapt to well to cold weather conditions, some dogs even can be a good mountain dog.
Stinkiness
How stinky is this dog? Why does it smell bad and how to get rid of the smell?
Medium
The Jack Russell Terrier has an average chance of bad smell. Top reasons for dog stinkiness: infection of bad tooth/ear/skin folds, gas attacks.
Drooling tendency
Does the Jack Russell Terrier drool?
The Jack Russell Terrier is a perfect example for very low drooling tendency. If you're disgusted by slobber spots on your clothes, the Jack Russell Terrier could be a perfect choice for you. Drooling is the unintentional saliva flowing outside of the mouth. It can be completely normal or a sign of a health problem. Certain dog breeds drool minimal compared to others, just like the Jack Russell Terrier. If you notice any change in your dog's drooling habit, you should contact a vet as soon as possible.

Reproducibility

Gestation Length
How long does this dog's pregnancy last? How long does it take to have Jack Russell Terrier puppies?
60-64 days
Reproductive cycle of the female Jack Russell Terrier: The first period called Proestrus lasts for about 9 days. During this time the females start to attract males. You can notice by swelling vulva and bloody discharge. The second part is the Estrus when the bitch is receptive for the male. It lasts for about 3 to 11 days. The sign of the proestrus part is the soft and enlarged vulva. The discharge decreases and lightens in color. The third part is the Diestrus. Normally, it occurs around day 14. In this period the bitch’s discharge changes for vivid red and coming to its end. The vulva returns to average, and she will no longer permit mating. The fourth part called the Anestrus. The time frame between heat periods normally lasts about six months.
How often can the Jack Russell Terrier have a litter? Once a year.
More frequent breeding is not healthy. It is very important not to buy a dog from a puppy mill, where the needs of the pups and their mothers are ignored. It's an inhumane high-volume dog breeding facility, where puppies born several times a year.
Litter Size
How many puppies can the Jack Russell Terrier have? What is the average litter size of this fido?
4-8 puppies

Pros & Cons of Jack Russell Terrier

Pros
  • Trainability: Jack Russell Terriers are easy to train.
  • Grooming: Easy to groom: The Jack Russell Terrier doesn't require a lot of grooming.
  • Drooling tendency: The Jack Russell Terrier is a perfect example for very low drooling tendency.
  • Watchdog Ability: Jack Russell Terriers are good watchdogs.
  • Adaptability: Jack Russell Terriers adapt very well to lifestyle changes and basically all living environments.
  • Child Friendly: Jack Russell Terriers are kid-friendly dogs.
  • Senior Citizens Friendly: Jack Russell Terriers are usually recommended for elderly people.
  • Good For First Time Owners: Jack Russell Terriers are good for novice owners, due to their easy-going personality.
Cons
  • Hypoallergenic: Jack Russell Terriers don't do well with allergy sufferers by causing allergic reaction.
  • Apartment Friendly: Jack Russell Terriers are not apartment-friendly dogs.
  • Shedding Level: Jack Russell Terriers are heavy shedders.
  • Weight Gain Potential: Average to High.
  • Mouthiness: Jack Russell Terriers have a higher than average tendency to nip, chew, play-bite, or herd people.
  • Impulse to Wander or Roam: Wanderlust potential of the Jack Russell Terrier is strong enough to escape from home.
  • Cat Friendly: Jack Russell Terriers are not the most cat-friendly dogs.
  • Dog Friendly: Jack Russell Terriers are not the most dog-friendly dogs.
  • Office Friendly: Jack Russell Terrier is not the best dog breed for office environment.

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