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Tibetan Mastiff Information & Dog Breed Facts

Collection of all the general dog breed info about Tibetan Mastiff so you can get to know the breed more.

Group Working Dogs
Popularity Rank153
Reviews2
User Ratings
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OriginTibet
Other Names
What other names does the Tibetan Mastiff have? The dog breed also known as...
Dok-Khyi, Tsang-khyi
Breed Type
What type of dog breed is it?
Purebred
AKC Group
Is Tibetan Mastiff recognized by the American Kennel Club?
Recognized by the American Kennel Club in 2006 as a Working breed.
FCI Group
Is Tibetan Mastiff recognized by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI)?
Recognized by FCI in the Pinscher and Schnauzer - Molossoid and Swiss Mountain and Cattledogs group, in the Molossian type section.
Breed Recognition
What kennel clubs and organizations recognize or register the Tibetan Mastiff breed?
American Canine RegistryAmerican Kennel ClubAmerica's Pet RegistryDog Registry of America Inc.Federation Cynologique InternationaleKennel Club of Great BritainNorth American Purebred Registry, Inc.American Canine Association, Inc.Continental Kennel ClubNational Kennel ClubNew Zealand Kennel Club
Price
How much does the Tibetan Mastiff puppy cost? What is the price range of this puppy? What is the average price of this dog in the United States? Is this puppy expensive? How much should I pay for it? Tibetan Mastiff price:
$2500-$3500
If you choose to purchase the Tibetan Mastiff, you should know that the mentioned amount of money is an average of the collected data from breeders’ sites and puppy finder places. If you have a Tibetan Mastiff for sale, please advertise it on a reliable website to make sure the Tibetan Mastiff gets to a happy place.

History

The Tibetan Mastiff can trace its ancestry back to the mountains of the Himalayas, in Tibet, even though the breed is nowadays more popular in the Western hemisphere. DNA evidence suggests that mastiff-type of breeds have existed in Tibet 5000 years ago and that the Tibetan Mastiff is a descendant of those early breeds. Many large-scale studies and scientific researches over the past years have confirmed that the Tibetan Mastiff is one of the oldest dog breeds still in existence. Moreover, many of them are presumed to diverge from the grey wolf ten thousand years ago. Thus, it is presumable that it may represent the foundation of many Molosser-type of breeds today, including the Rottweiler, the Bernese Mountain Dog, and the Pyrenean Mountain Dog. These breeds have developed into two types, the Do-Khyi and the larger Tsang-Khyi. The Do-Khyi lived in the villages and traveled with the nomadic herds and tribes serving as a guardian and herder of the flocks. The latter, Tsang-Khyi were often used by the Tibetan Buddhist monks or lamas who lived in remote areas, as their guardian dogs. Tibetans believed that the breed has the souls of monkeys, who were not good enough to be reincarnated into people or into the heavenly realm, Shambhala.

Not much was known about the Tibetan Mastiff until the 19th century. In 1800, Captain Samuel Turner mentioned the usage of huge-sized dogs in his memoir named “An account of an Embassy to the Court of the Teshoo Lama in Tibet”, however, he never fully gave a description about the breed ha saw. The first specimen of the breed was exported to England and given to Queen Victoria as a gift from Lord Hardinge, the Viceroy of India in 1874. One year before, in 1873, England’s Kennel Club was founded, thus the Tibetan Mastiff automatically entered right away into the Stud Book as the Tibetan Mastiff, leaving its earlier name, “large dog from Tibet” behind. Moreover, in 1874, the Prince of Wales, who later became King Edward VII, was fond of the breed, and imported two more specimens to England, in order to show them to the public at the Alexandra Palace Show in 1875. That was the starting point of the massive import of the breed into England and Europe. During this period, over-breeding resulted in the loss of genetic and behavioral consistency, thus the breed subsequently lost some of its original appeals. The first Tibetan Mastiff breed club was founded in 1931. Because of the beginning of the Second World War, importing and breeding dogs were put to an end. It was not until 1976, that breeders began to breed and import Tibetan Mastiffs again.

The breed got to the United States of America in the late 1950s, when two Tibetan Mastiffs were given as presents to the President, but the dogs were taken into a farm and vanished from the public. Until the 1970s, there were not many specimens in America, but in 1970, multiple puppies were imported into the United States and these puppies became the foundation for the DNA base of the United States line of the breed. In 1974, the Tibetan Mastiff Club of America was formed, as was the American Tibetan Mastiff Association. In 1979, the first Tibetan Mastiff was shown in the first National Speciality Match.

In spite of the breed’s long history, it recently got recognized by the AKC (American Kennel Club), in 2006. Nowadays, the Tibetan Mastiff’s role is different than what it was previously. Yet, it is still a loyal, fierce guardian of its owners and family.

General Appearance

Size
What size is this breed? How big is this dog? Tibetan Mastiff size:
Large
Weight
How much does the Tibetan Mastiff weigh? Tibetan Mastiff weight:
140-170 pounds (64-78 kg)
Avg. Weight
What is the average weight of the Tibetan Mastiff? Tibetan Mastiff average weight:
155 pounds (71 kg)
Height
How tall is the Tibetan Mastiff? Tibetan Mastiff height:
25-28 inches (61-71 cm)
Avg. Height
What is the average height of this fido? Tibetan Mastiff average height:
26.5 inches (66 cm)

Hair & Care

Coat
What type of coat does the Tibetan Mastiff have? What does this canine coat look like?
ThickHard
Colors
What color is the breed's coat? What color is a proper Tibetan Mastiff's coat?
Blue GrayTanBrownRedBlack
Grooming
How to groom the Tibetan Mastiff and how often?
Average: The Tibetan Mastiff requires average grooming effort. Cutting the dog's hair by a professional groomer isn't essential. Brushing the dog's coat is useful to reduce shedding. Ears and eyes should be cleaned regularly to avoid infections. Don't skip the seasonal flea treatment too. Dog nail trimming and dog bath can be helpful sometimes. Check the local pet store for dog grooming supplies and find the best dog shampoo to keep its coat healthy and to give your dog a pleasant experience of a dog bath. If you don't have the time, skill or money to take care of your Tibetan Mastiff, search for a dog groomer or clipping service in your area and book an appointment. Maybe you're lucky to have a dog boarding service that includes grooming or walk in dog bath places nearby.
Shedding Level
How much do Tibetan Mastiff dogs shed? How to control, reduce and prevent the shedding of the Dok-Khyi? Tibetan Mastiff shedding level:
Tibetan Mastiffs shed moderately. It's a natural process of the hair growth cycle. Regular brushing reduces the amount of hair that sheds. It mostly depends on their health status and breed type.

Characteristics

Temperament
What kind of personality does the Tibetan Mastiff have? What characteristics does the breed have?
AloofStrongWilledCourageousProtectiveStubbornLoyal
Intelligent Rank
How smart is the Tibetan Mastiff? Are they intelligent?
Average: Tibetan Mastiff's has average obedience intelligence. Patience is needed for teaching this breed to any tricks and commands though, but it's worth the effort. They understand and memorize new commands in 25-40 repetitions. This breed obeys for the first command 50% of the time or better.
Trainability
Are Tibetan Mastiff dogs easy to train? Do they go well on dog training?
Tibetan Mastiffs are quite easy to train. Sometimes they can be challenging, but if you're consistent in teaching new commands they will obey for sure.
Playfulness
How playful is this breed?
Tibetan Mastiffs, like any other dog breed, like playing. Sometimes they bark as excitement for playing, but they are not the most playful dog breed.
Sensitivity Level
How sensitive are they? Tibetan Mastiff sensitivity:
Tibetan Mastiffs don't like an irregular daily routine, noisy household and frequent guest visits. This breed emotional level reflects their owner's feelings and they don't handle punishments well.
Affection Level
How affectionate are they?
Tibetan Mastiffs are average dogs regarding their affection level. Some breeds are forthcoming and friendly, while others are independent and don't bond too closely to their owners.
Social Needs
How much social interaction does the Dok-Khyi need? Tibetan Mastiff social needs:
Tibetan Mastiffs need for social interaction is average. This breed likes being around people or other animals, but they don't mind being left alone for a few hours either.
Barking
Do Tibetan Mastiff dogs bark a lot? Why does my Tsang-khyi bark?
High: The Tibetan Mastiff is a very vocal breed. Definitely not the best choice if you prefer a quiet breed. They often enjoy barking and howling loudly. They can change their barks depending on their emotional level and what they're trying to say. Different barks could mean the same and same barks could have a different meaning. Top reasons for barking: protection, alarm, fear, boredom, attention seeking, greeting, separation anxiety, compulsive barking.
Watchdog Ability
Is Tibetan Mastiff good as a watchdog?
Tibetan Mastiffs are one of the best watchdogs. Their main job is to observe and they're very consistent in their effort. The best vocal cords and sense of hearing belong to them. Usually, they're very territorial and protective about their property, so the Tibetan Mastiff dogs will alert you if they sense something different.
Territorial
Do Tibetan Mastiff dogs have an aggressive behavior to protect their territory?
Tibetan Mastiffs are extremely protective guard dogs. This breed doesn't hesitate to protect their territory so the Tibetan Mastiff can be a good choice if you want an excellent guard dog. Keep calm and the Tibetan Mastiff will take care of unwanted people or animals.
Biting Potential
Do Tibetan Mastiff bite humans? How likely are you to get bitten from the Dok-Khyi? What are the odds of getting bitten by a Tibetan Mastiff? Why do dog bites happen?
High
The Tibetan Mastiff has a high chance of biting somebody. Top reasons for dog bite: protection, pain, excitement, herding instinct, being provoked. (Data based on the available online bite statistics.)
Mouthiness
How much mouthing/nipping/play biting does the Tibetan Mastiff do?
Tibetan Mastiffs have a strong tendency to nip, chew, play-bite, or herd people. It's a common habit during puppyhood, not aggressive behavior. These "bites" don't hurt, but Tibetan Mastiffs need to be taught for a good attitude.
Impulse to Wander or Roam
How likely is the Tibetan Mastiff to run away? Does this breed explore or wander a lot? Does Tibetan Mastiff roam?
Tibetan Mastiffs have average wanderlust potential. Sometimes they like to explore the world and they might escape once or twice, but usually, they prefer staying safely at home. Safer to teach them how to get back to you on command.
Prey Drive
Do this canine have a strong prey drive? Does Tibetan Mastiff have high prey drive?
Tibetan Mastiffs have an average prey drive, which means that they don't have a high impulse to chase and catch something like a cat or any other small aminals, but it might happen. Training can help to achieve good behavior.
Apartment Friendly
Is Tibetan Mastiff good as an apartment dog? Can they live in a flat?
Tibetan Mastiffs are not apartment-friendly dogs. If you don't have a garden, you may have to reconsider your choice for having a puppy from this breed.
Adaptability
Are they adaptable and easy-going?
Tibetan Mastiffs adapt to lifestyle changes and different living environments quite okay usually.
Tolerates Being Left Alone
Can you leave this breed home alone?
Just like every puppy, they are prone to panic, cry, bark, whine when they left alone by their owner. With proper socialization and quality time with the dog can solve this problem.
Fighting Dog
Where Tibetan Mastiff dogs used as a fighting dog in the history?
Not really
In history, this breed was not really used for combat dog.

Good With

Stranger Friendly
Are they friendly with strangers?
Tibetan Mastiffs are not stranger friendly dogs.
Child Friendly
Are Tibetan Mastiff dogs kid-friendly? Are they good with young children? Tibetan Mastiff and children:
Tibetan Mastiffs are not the most kid-friendly dogs. If you have children, you may have to reconsider your choice for having a puppy from this breed.
Cat Friendly
How well do Tibetan Mastiff dogs get along with cats? Are they good with kittens? What is this fido's temperament with cats?
Tibetan Mastiffs are average friendly towards cats.
Dog Friendly
Is Tibetan Mastiff good with other dogs? Are they dog-friendly dogs? How well do Tibetan Mastiff dogs get along with other dogs? What is this canine temperament with other dogs?
Tibetan Mastiffs are not the most dog-friendly dogs. If you want more dogs in your family or you'd like to join dog meetups, the Tibetan Mastiff is not a good choice.
Office Friendly
Are Tibetan Mastiffs good office dogs? Do Tibetan Mastiffs make good office friendly dogs? Can Tibetan Mastiffs be office dogs?
No
Tibetan Mastiff is not the best dog breed for office environment.
Senior Citizens Friendly
Are they senior citizens friendly dogs? How well do Tibetan Mastiff dogs get along with the elderly people? What is the Dok-Khyi temperament with senior people? Are Tibetan Mastiff dogs good for elderly owners?
Tibetan Mastiffs are not the best breed for elderly people.
Pet Friendly
Are they pet-friendly dogs? How well do Tibetan Mastiff dogs get along with other pets? Are Tibetan Mastiff dogs good with pets? What is this canine temperament with other pets?
Tibetan Mastiffs are generally with other pets.
Good For First Time Owners
Is Tibetan Mastiff breed good for first-time owners? Do they make a good dog for novice owners?
No
Tibetan Mastiffs are not good for novice owners, due to their stubborn personality.
Service Dog
Are they good as service dogs? Can Tibetan Mastiff be a service dog?
Not really
This breed generally not used as a service dog. A service dog is a term used in the USA to refer to any type of assistance dog specifically trained to help people who have disabilities, such as visual impairment, hearing impairments, mental disorders, seizures, mobility impairment, and diabetes. Service dogs are protected under the ADA (Americans with Disabilities Act). Tibetan Mastiff is not the best breed for service purposes.
Therapy Dog
Are they good as therapy dogs? Can Tibetan Mastiff be a therapy dog?
Not really
This breed generally not used as a therapy dog. A therapy dog is a dog that might be trained to provide affection, comfort, and love to people in hospitals, retirement homes, nursing homes, schools, hospices, disaster areas, and to people with anxiety disorders or autism. Tibetan Mastiff is not the best breed for therapeutic purposes.
Detection Dog or Sniffer Dog
Are they good as detection dogs? Can Tibetan Mastiff be a sniffer dog?
Not really
A detection dog or sniffer dog is a dog that is trained to use its senses (mostly its smell) to detect substances such as explosives, illegal drugs, wildlife scat, currency, blood, and contraband electronics such as illicit mobile phones. Tibetan Mastiff is not the best breed for detection purposes.
Search and Rescue Dog (SAR)
Are they good as SAR dogs? Can Tibetan Mastiff be a search and rescue dog?
Not really
The use of dogs in search and rescue (SAR) is a valuable component in wilderness tracking, natural disasters, mass casualty events, and in locating missing people. The Tibetan Mastiff is not the best breed for SAR purposes.
Boat Dog
Are they good as boat dogs? Can Tibetan Mastiff be a boat dog?
Not really
Tibetan Mastiff breed usually doesn't like being on a boat.
Cart Pulling or Drafting Dog
Are they good as cart pulling dogs? Can Tibetan Mastiff be a drafting dog?
Yes
A drafting dog or draft dog is a dog bred and used for cart pulling. Dogs bred for this work have strong builds and qualities that are needed, strength and determination. Tibetan Mastiff breed is a good choice for drafting purposes.

Health Factors

Health Issues
Is it a healthy breed? Do Tibetan Mastiff dogs have health problems?
Tibetan Mastiffs tend to have more and frequent health issues than other breeds. Regular vet check-ups are needed.
Health Problems
What health problems does the Tibetan Mastiff breed have? What are the health issues and concerns of the Tibetan Mastiff breed? Health risks of Tibetan Mastiff:
Autoimmune HypothyroidismCanine Inherited Demyelinative NeuropathyElbow DysplasiaHip DysplasiaOsteochondrosis DissecansPanosteitis
Life Expectancy
How long do Tibetan Mastiff dogs live? What is the average lifespan of this breed? How old can a Tibetan Mastiff be?
10-14 years
Hypoallergenic
Is the Tibetan Mastiff breed hypoallergenic?
No
Tibetan Mastiffs don't do well with allergy sufferers by causing allergic reaction. Some of the dog breeds are even considered to higher the possibility of an allergic response. Coat type isn't necessarily relevant, because most people are allergic to dander (flakes on the dog's skin) or saliva, not actually to dog hair.
Energy Level
How much energy does the Tibetan Mastiff have?
Tibetan Mastiffs have a higher energy level than other dog breeds. If you want a dog for snuggling on the couch, this breed isn't the perfect choice for you.
Exercise Need
How much exercise does this dog need? How much exercise do Tibetan Mastiff dogs require per day?
Tibetan Mastiffs have an average exercise need. This breed is satisfied with short walks every weekday and a long one on weekends.
Sleeping Need
How much sleep does this fido need?
Tibetan Mastiffs are quite energetic dogs and they don't spend to much time with sleeping. If you live an active life, this breed can be a good choice for you.
Avg. daily food consumption
How much food does the Tibetan Mastiff need? How often should I feed my canine? What dog products should I buy?
6 to 8 cups of high-quality dry food a day, divided into two meals.
Weight Gain Potential
How easy to gain weight for this dog? Tibetan Mastiff risk for obesity:
Average to High. If you don't pay attention to the Tibetan Mastiff's weight, he can easily gain weight. More than one daily walk should be on schedule. To make your dog happy and fit, feed him with quality dry dog food and live an active life together. Try to find the happy medium between exercise and feeding. If you notice any weight gain, consult your veterinarian and make a diet plan. Reduce unhealthy food and snacks, and measure the Tibetan Mastiff's weight regularly.
Weather & Climate
Which weather condition is preferred by this dog? Can they tolerate hot and cold weather & climate?
Prefers cold weather
The Tibetan Mastiff can adapt well to harsh weather conditions, and also can be a good mountain dog.
Stinkiness
How stinky is this dog? Why does it smell bad and how to get rid of the smell?
High
The Tibetan Mastiff has a high chance of bad smell. Top reasons for dog stinkiness: infection of bad tooth/ear/skin folds, gas attacks.
Drooling tendency
Does the Tibetan Mastiff drool?
The Tibetan Mastiff is a big drooler, so if you're disgusted by slobber spots on your clothes, you should choose a dog from another breed. Drooling is the unintentional saliva flowing outside of the mouth. It can be completely normal or a sign of a health problem. Certain dog breeds drool much more than others, just like the Tibetan Mastiff. If you notice any change in your dog's drooling habit, you should contact a vet as soon as possible.

Reproducibility

Gestation Length
How long does this dog's pregnancy last? How long is the Tibetan Mastiff pregnant? How long does it take to have this dog puppies? Tibetan Mastiff pregnancy time period:
60-64 days
Reproductive cycle of the female Tibetan Mastiff: The first period called Proestrus lasts for about 9 days. During this time the females start to attract males. You can notice by swelling vulva and bloody discharge. The second part is the Estrus when the bitch is receptive for the male. It lasts for about 3 to 11 days. The sign of the proestrus part is the soft and enlarged vulva. The discharge decreases and lightens in color. The third part is the Diestrus. Normally, it occurs around day 14. In this period the bitch’s discharge changes for vivid red and coming to its end. The vulva returns to average, and she will no longer permit mating. The fourth part called the Anestrus. The time frame between heat periods normally lasts about six months.
How often can the Tibetan Mastiff have a litter? Once a year.
More frequent breeding is not healthy. It is very important not to buy a dog from a puppy mill, where the needs of the pups and their mothers are ignored. It's an inhumane high-volume dog breeding facility, where puppies born several times a year.
Litter Size
How many puppies can the Tibetan Mastiff have? What is the average litter size of this fido?
5-12 puppies

Pros & Cons of Tibetan Mastiff

Pros
  • Watchdog Ability: Tibetan Mastiffs are one of the best watchdogs.
  • Cart Pulling or Drafting Dog: A drafting dog or draft dog is a dog bred and used for cart pulling.
Cons
  • Health Issues: Tibetan Mastiffs tend to have more and frequent health issues than other breeds.
  • Hypoallergenic: Tibetan Mastiffs don't do well with allergy sufferers by causing allergic reaction.
  • Apartment Friendly: Tibetan Mastiffs are not apartment-friendly dogs.
  • Drooling tendency: The Tibetan Mastiff is a big drooler, so if you're disgusted by slobber spots on your clothes, you should choose a dog from another breed.
  • Stinkiness: The Tibetan Mastiff has a high chance of bad smell.
  • Weight Gain Potential: Average to High.
  • Mouthiness: Tibetan Mastiffs have a strong tendency to nip, chew, play-bite, or herd people.
  • Child Friendly: Tibetan Mastiffs are not the most kid-friendly dogs.
  • Dog Friendly: Tibetan Mastiffs are not the most dog-friendly dogs.
  • Office Friendly: Tibetan Mastiff is not the best dog breed for office environment.
  • Senior Citizens Friendly: Tibetan Mastiffs are not the best breed for elderly people.
  • Good For First Time Owners: Tibetan Mastiffs are not good for novice owners, due to their stubborn personality.

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Reviews

  • Claude

    Jul 1, 2020, 3:11:12 AM:

    My TM is fantastic! She has scared away preadators in the farm and has helped solved crimes. She is calm and gentle toward are kids and has been a great source for our family farm.

  • Brittany

    Apr 8, 2020, 4:02:04 AM:

    I've owned three TMs now and they are fantastic if you know what you're getting into. A lot of your info looks like the author only read about TMs but has never owned one. I'd be happy to help.