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Maltese Information & Dog Breed Facts

Collection of all the general dog breed info about Maltese so you can get to know the breed more.

OriginItaly
Group Companion Dogs
Popularity Rank33
Reviews0
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Other Names
What other names does the Maltese have? The dog breed also known as...
Maltese Dog, Maltese lion dog
Breed Type
What type of dog breed is it?
Purebred
AKC Group
Is Maltese recognized by the American Kennel Club?
Recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1888 as a Toy breed.
FCI Group
Is Maltese recognized by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI)?
Recognized by FCI in the Companion and Toy Dogs group, in the Bichons and related breeds section.
Breed Recognition
What kennel clubs and organizations recognize or register the Maltese breed?
American Canine RegistryAmerican Kennel ClubAmerica's Pet RegistryCanadian Kennel ClubDog Registry of America Inc.Federation Cynologique InternationaleKennel Club of Great BritainNorth American Purebred Registry, Inc.American Canine Association, Inc.Australian National Kennel CouncilContinental Kennel ClubNational Kennel ClubNew Zealand Kennel ClubUnited Kennel Club
Price
How much does the Maltese puppy cost? What is the price range of this puppy? What is the average price of this dog in the United States? Is this puppy expensive? How much should I pay for it? Maltese price:
$600-$800
If you choose to purchase the Maltese, you should know that the mentioned amount of money is an average of the collected data from breeders’ sites and puppy finder places. If you have a Maltese for sale, please advertise it on a reliable website to make sure the Maltese gets to a happy place.

General Appearance

Size
What size is this breed? How big is this dog? Maltese size:
Small
Weight
How much does the Maltese weigh? Maltese weight:
6.5-9 pounds (3-4 kg)
Avg. Weight
What is the average weight of the Maltese? Maltese average weight:
6.7 pounds (3.5 kg)
Height
How tall is the Maltese? Maltese height:
Male: 8-10 inches (21-25 cm), Female: 8-9 inches (20-23 cm)
Avg. Height
What is the average height of this fido? Maltese average height:
Male: 9 inches (23 cm), Female: 8.5 inches (21.5 cm)

Hair & Care

Coat
What type of coat does the Maltese have? What does this canine coat look like?
Feathered
Colors
What color is the breed's coat? What color is a proper Maltese's coat?
White
Grooming
How to groom the Maltese and how often?
Average: The Maltese requires average grooming effort. Cutting the dog's hair by a professional groomer isn't essential. Brushing the dog's coat is useful to reduce shedding. Ears and eyes should be cleaned regularly to avoid infections. Don't skip the seasonal flea treatment too. Dog nail trimming and dog bath can be helpful sometimes. Check the local pet store for dog grooming supplies and find the best dog shampoo to keep its coat healthy and to give your dog a pleasant experience of a dog bath. If you don't have the time, skill or money to take care of your Maltese, search for a dog groomer or clipping service in your area and book an appointment. Maybe you're lucky to have a dog boarding service that includes grooming or walk in dog bath places nearby.
Shedding Level
How much do Maltese dogs shed? How to control, reduce and prevent the shedding of the Maltese Dog? Maltese shedding level:
Malteses shed none to minimal. Having a puppy from this breed you don't have to be afraid of your couch or car covered by dog hair. Maltese dogs could be the best choice if you don't tolerate dog hair.

Characteristics

Temperament
What kind of personality does the Maltese have? What characteristics does the breed have?
ActiveEasygoingIntelligentResponsiveDocileGentlePlayfulSweetTempered
Intelligent Rank
How smart is the Maltese? Are they intelligent?
Low to average: This canine intelligence is not the brightest one. Keep in mind that if you want to teach them any tricks, they understand and memorize new commands in 40-80 repetitions. Maltese obey for the first command 30% of the time or better. So if you want to have a smart dog, you might have to reconsider your choice with this breed.
Trainability
Are Maltese dogs easy to train? Do they go well on dog training?
Malteses are quite easy to train. Sometimes they can be challenging, but if you're consistent in teaching new commands they will obey for sure.
Playfulness
How playful is this breed?
Malteses, like any other dog breed, like playing. Sometimes they bark as excitement for playing, but they are not the most playful dog breed.
Sensitivity Level
How sensitive are they? Maltese sensitivity:
They are a little bit more sensitive than other dog breeds. Soft punishment affects them emotionally. Malteses don't tolerate irregular daily routine, noisy household and frequent guest visits really well. They are receptive to their owner's emotions and make wonderful family companions.
Affection Level
How affectionate are they?
Malteses are genuinely loyal, soft and gentle, loving and affectionate dogs toward their handlers. They enjoy quality time with their owners despite the activity and considered as a great therapy dog for those in need. This breed responds strongly to their handler's emotions because they bond closely. Their happiness is your happiness.
Social Needs
How much social interaction does the Maltese Dog need? Maltese social needs:
Malteses need a lot of social interaction. They desire to always be with someone or around people. This breed hates being left alone.
Barking
Do Maltese dogs bark a lot? Why does my Maltese lion dog bark?
High: The Maltese is a very vocal breed. Definitely not the best choice if you prefer a quiet breed. They often enjoy barking and howling loudly. They can change their barks depending on their emotional level and what they're trying to say. Different barks could mean the same and same barks could have a different meaning. Top reasons for barking: protection, alarm, fear, boredom, attention seeking, greeting, separation anxiety, compulsive barking.
Watchdog Ability
Is Maltese good as a watchdog?
Malteses are average watchdogs. If they sense something different, they will alert you, but the observation isn't considered as their main job.
Territorial
Do Maltese dogs have an aggressive behavior to protect their territory?
Malteses strongly protect their territory. This breed is a complete security guard, so you don't have to be afraid in case of danger.
Biting Potential
Do Maltese bite humans? How likely are you to get bitten from the Maltese Dog? What are the odds of getting bitten by a Maltese? Why do dog bites happen?
Low
The Maltese has a low chance of biting somebody. Top reasons for dog bite: protection, pain, excitement, herding instinct, being provoked. (Data based on the available online bite statistics.)
Mouthiness
How much mouthing/nipping/play biting does the Maltese do?
Malteses have an average tendency to nip, chew, play-bite, or herd people. It's a common habit during puppyhood, not aggressive behavior. These "bites" don't hurt, but Malteses need to be taught for a good attitude.
Impulse to Wander or Roam
How likely is the Maltese to run away? Does this breed wander a lot? Does Maltese roam?
Malteses are not the biggest explorers. They have low wanderlust potential. Low chance for escaping from home with this breed.
Prey Drive
Do this canine have a strong prey drive? Does Maltese have high prey drive?
Malteses have a higher impulse to chase and catch something than other dog breeds. Cats or any other small animals might be in danger. It's a natural instinct, doesn't necessarily mean that Malteses are aggressive. Better to keep this breed on a leash.
Apartment Friendly
Is Maltese good as an apartment dog? Can they live in a flat?
Malteses are very apartment-friendly dogs. Besides the daily walk outside they don't require a big garden.
Adaptability
Are they adaptable and easy-going?
Malteses adapt very well to lifestyle changes and basically all living environments. They don't mind moving from one place to another with their owner.
Tolerates Being Left Alone
Can you leave this breed home alone?
Malteses tend to have separation anxiety when their owners left them alone at home because they bond very closely with them.
Fighting Dog
Where Maltese dogs used as a fighting dog in the history?
Not really
In history, this breed was not really used for combat dog.

Good With

Stranger Friendly
Are they friendly with strangers?
Malteses are very stranger friendly dogs.
Child Friendly
Are Maltese dogs kid-friendly? Are they good with young children? Maltese and children:
Malteses are kid-friendly dogs. This breed is a good choice if you have children.
Cat Friendly
How well do Maltese dogs get along with cats? Are they good with kittens? What is this fido's temperament with cats?
Malteses are very cat-friendly dogs.
Dog Friendly
Is Maltese good with other dogs? Are they dog-friendly dogs? How well do Maltese dogs get along with other dogs? What is this canine temperament with other dogs?
Malteses are very dog-friendly dogs. If you want more dogs in your family or you'd like to join dog meetups, the Maltese can be a great choice.
Office Friendly
Are Malteses good office dogs? Do Malteses make good office friendly dogs? Can Malteses be ofiice dogs?
No
Maltese is not the best dog breed for office environment.
Senior Citizens Friendly
Are they senior citizens friendly dogs? How well do Maltese dogs get along with the elderly people? What is the Maltese Dog temperament with senior people? Are Maltese dogs good for elderly owners?
Malteses are usually recommended for elderly people.
Pet Friendly
Are they pet-friendly dogs? How well do Maltese dogs get along with other pets? Are Maltese dogs good with pets? What is this canine temperament with other pets?
Malteses are one of the friendliest dog breeds.
Good For First Time Owners
Is Maltese breed good for first-time owners? Do they make a good dog for novice owners?
No
Malteses are not good for novice owners, due to their stubborn personality.
Service Dog
Are they good as service dogs? Can Maltese be a service dog?
Not really
This breed generally not used as a service dog. A service dog is a term used in the USA to refer to any type of assistance dog specifically trained to help people who have disabilities, such as visual impairment, hearing impairments, mental disorders, seizures, mobility impairment, and diabetes. Service dogs are protected under the ADA (Americans with Disabilities Act). Maltese is not the best breed for service purposes.
Therapy Dog
Are they good as therapy dogs? Can Maltese be a therapy dog?
Not really
This breed generally not used as a therapy dog. A therapy dog is a dog that might be trained to provide affection, comfort, and love to people in hospitals, retirement homes, nursing homes, schools, hospices, disaster areas, and to people with anxiety disorders or autism. Maltese is not the best breed for therapeutic purposes.
Detection Dog or Sniffer Dog
Are they good as detection dogs? Can Maltese be a sniffer dog?
Not really
A detection dog or sniffer dog is a dog that is trained to use its senses (mostly its smell) to detect substances such as explosives, illegal drugs, wildlife scat, currency, blood, and contraband electronics such as illicit mobile phones. Maltese is not the best breed for detection purposes.
Search and Rescue Dog (SAR)
Are they good as SAR dogs? Can Maltese be a search and rescue dog?
Not really
The use of dogs in search and rescue (SAR) is a valuable component in wilderness tracking, natural disasters, mass casualty events, and in locating missing people. The Maltese is not the best breed for SAR purposes.
Boat Dog
Are they good as boat dogs? Can Maltese be a boat dog?
Not really
Maltese breed usually doesn't like being on a boat.
Cart Pulling or Drafting Dog
Are they good as cart pulling dogs? Can Maltese be a drafting dog?
Not really
A drafting dog or draft dog is a dog bred and used for cart pulling. Dogs bred for this work have strong builds and qualities that are needed, strength and determination. Maltese is not the best breed for drafting purposes.

Health Factors

Health Issues
Is it a healthy breed? Do Maltese dogs have health problems?
Malteses are healthy dogs, but there are some health issues you may have to check on regularly at the vet.
Health Problems
What health problems does the Maltese breed have? What are the health issues and concerns of the Maltese breed? Health risks of Maltese:
Collapsed TracheaHypoglycemiaPatellar LuxationPortosystemic Liver ShuntProgressive Retinal AtrophyReverse SneezingWhite Dog Shaker Syndrome
Life Expectancy
How long do Maltese dogs live? What is the average lifespan of this breed? How old can a Maltese be?
15-18 years
Hypoallergenic
Is the Maltese breed hypoallergenic?
Yes
Malteses do well with allergy sufferers by causing fewer allergic reaction. However there are no 100% hypoallergenic dogs in the world, there are a variety of breeds that are considered to reduce or minimize the possibility of an allergic response. Coat type isn't necessarily relevant, because most people are allergic to dander (flakes on the dog's skin) or saliva, not actually to dog hair.
Energy Level
How much energy does the Maltese have?
Malteses have an average energy level, so if you live a semi-active life, this breed can be a good choice for you.
Exercise Need
How much exercise does this dog need? How much exercise do Maltese dogs require per day?
Malteses exercise need is very minimal. If you live a lazy life, this breed can be a good choice for you.
Sleeping Need
How much sleep does this fido need?
Malteses sleep 12-14 hours a day as an average dog and they're not considered as a lazy breed.
Avg. daily food consumption
How much food does the Maltese need? How often should I feed my canine? What dog products should I buy?
Recommended daily amount: 1/4 to 1/2 cup of high-quality dry food a day, divided into two meals.
Weight Gain Potential
How easy to gain weight for this dog? Maltese risk for obesity:
Average. The Maltese has an average risk for obesity. Daily walks should be on schedule. To make your dog happy and fit, feed him with quality dry dog food and live an active life together. Try to find the happy medium between exercise and feeding. If you notice any weight gain, consult your veterinarian and make a diet plan. Reduce unhealthy food and snacks, and measure the Maltese's weight regularly.
Weather & Climate
Which weather condition is preferred by this dog? Can they tolerate hot and cold weather & climate?
Prefers warm weather
Stinkiness
How stinky is this dog? Why does it smell bad and how to get rid of the smell?
Medium
The Maltese has an average chance of bad smell. Top reasons for dog stinkiness: infection of bad tooth/ear/skin folds, gas attacks.
Drooling tendency
Does the Maltese drool?
The Maltese is a perfect example for very low drooling tendency. If you're disgusted by slobber spots on your clothes, the Maltese could be a perfect choice for you. Drooling is the unintentional saliva flowing outside of the mouth. It can be completely normal or a sign of a health problem. Certain dog breeds drool minimal compared to others, just like the Maltese. If you notice any change in your dog's drooling habit, you should contact a vet as soon as possible.

Reproducibility

Gestation Length
How long does this dog's pregnancy last? How long does it take to have Maltese puppies?
60-64 days
Reproductive cycle of the female Maltese: The first period called Proestrus lasts for about 9 days. During this time the females start to attract males. You can notice by swelling vulva and bloody discharge. The second part is the Estrus when the bitch is receptive for the male. It lasts for about 3 to 11 days. The sign of the proestrus part is the soft and enlarged vulva. The discharge decreases and lightens in color. The third part is the Diestrus. Normally, it occurs around day 14. In this period the bitch’s discharge changes for vivid red and coming to its end. The vulva returns to average, and she will no longer permit mating. The fourth part called the Anestrus. The time frame between heat periods normally lasts about six months.
How often can the Maltese have a litter? Once a year.
More frequent breeding is not healthy. It is very important not to buy a dog from a puppy mill, where the needs of the pups and their mothers are ignored. It's an inhumane high-volume dog breeding facility, where puppies born several times a year.
Litter Size
How many puppies can the Maltese have? What is the average litter size of this fido?
3-5 puppies

Pros & Cons of Maltese

Pros
  • Hypoallergenic: Malteses do well with allergy sufferers by causing fewer allergic reaction.
  • Apartment Friendly: Malteses are very apartment-friendly dogs.
  • Shedding Level: Malteses shed none to minimal.
  • Drooling tendency: The Maltese is a perfect example for very low drooling tendency.
  • Impulse to Wander or Roam: Malteses are not the biggest explorers.
  • Adaptability: Malteses adapt very well to lifestyle changes and basically all living environments.
  • Child Friendly: Malteses are kid-friendly dogs.
  • Cat Friendly: Malteses are very cat-friendly dogs.
  • Dog Friendly: Malteses are very dog-friendly dogs.
  • Senior Citizens Friendly: Malteses are usually recommended for elderly people.
Cons
  • Intelligent Rank: Low to average: This canine intelligence is not the brightest one.
  • Tolerates Being Left Alone: Malteses tend to have separation anxiety when their owners left them alone at home because they bond very closely with them.
  • Office Friendly: Maltese is not the best dog breed for office environment.
  • Good For First Time Owners: Malteses are not good for novice owners, due to their stubborn personality.

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