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Brittany Information & Dog Breed Facts

Collection of all the general dog breed info about Brittany so you can get to know the breed more.

Group Gun Dog
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Other Names
What other names does the Brittany have? The dog breed also known as...
Epagneul Breton, Brittany Spaniel, American Brittany, Brittany Wiegref
Breed Type
What type of dog breed is it?
AKC Group
Is Brittany recognized by the American Kennel Club?
Recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1934 as a Sporting breed.
FCI Group
Is Brittany recognized by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI)?
Recognized by FCI in the Pointing Dogs group, in the Continental Pointing Dogs section.
Breed Recognition
What kennel clubs and organizations recognize or register the Brittany breed?
American Canine RegistryAmerican Kennel ClubAmerica's Pet RegistryAustralian National Kennel CouncilCanadian Kennel ClubContinental Kennel ClubDog Registry of America Inc.Federation Cynologique InternationaleKennel Club of Great BritainNational Kennel ClubNew Zealand Kennel ClubNorth American Purebred Registry, Inc.United Kennel ClubAmerican Canine Association, Inc.
How much does the Brittany puppy cost? What is the price range of this puppy? What is the average price of this dog in the United States? Is this puppy expensive? How much should I pay for it? Brittany price:
If you choose to purchase the Brittany, you should know that the mentioned amount of money is an average of the collected data from breeders’ sites and puppy finder places. If you have a Brittany for sale, please advertise it on a reliable website to make sure the Brittany gets to a happy place.

Brittany History

The Brittany or as many call them, the Brittany Spaniel’s origins can be traced back to the 17th century. The breed took their name from the Celtic area of northwest France, which was one independent kingdom. Brittany can be found across the English Channel from Wales, and for over a thousand years, there was a great deal of commerce and trade between the two countries. Usually, dogs were a part of the trade.

The first records of Brittany-type dogs are from the 17th century, back then, similar-looking white-and-liver colored dogs were depicted in works of art and kinds of literature, during pointing games for hunters. The Brittany certainly evolved over the following centuries, many researchers and historians believe that many English and Welsh breeds, probably the Welsh Springer Spaniel had a significant impact on the breed’s development during the early 1800s. The modern version of the breed started to take shape in the middle of the 19th century, in a small town in Brittany called Pontou. It was believed that the dogs were a result of a cross between a lemon and white male brought to Brittany for shooting by an English sportsman and a white and mahogany female owned by a French hunter. The result was a bob-tailed dog that pointed and retrieved really effectively. Local poachers really appreciated and were fond of the breed, for the reason that the dogs had agility, speed, and the willingness to take direction.

Around the 19th century, dog shows became really popular all around Europe, including France. Brittanies were moved easily from the hunting fields to the show rings, thanks to their stunning looks and overall appearance. The breed quickly became recognized, because of these shows in France. The first Brittany to be registered in the country was an orange-white male specimen called Boy, in 1907. Despite their popularity in their indigenous land, the breed did not get to the United States of America until 1931. Nevertheless, once the breed became known, it gained massive popularity. The first Brittany got registered by the AKC (American Kennel Club) in 1934, the specimen was called Edir du Mesnil. Later, in 1942 the American Brittany Club was formed and re-wrote the breed standard set up by the French, to better suit themselves. Resembling many breeds’ histories, the Second World War caused the Brittany population to suffer a serious decrease. This was partly because, in France, Brittany's breeding came to a halt during the war. However, fortunately, after the war, French breeders have decided collectively to allow black-spotted dogs in the standards because the gene pool was so depleted throughout Europe. Interestingly, the authorities in the United States of America and in Canada did not follow this, even today the black coloring is not an accepted color for Brittanies in the U.S. and in Canada, but it is accepted in other parts of the world.

For many years, most of the breeders wanted to delete the “spaniel” word from Brittany’s name, simply for the reason that the breed is a pointing breed, not flushing while hunting, like the spaniels. The AKC Board of Directors approved the name changing the name to Brittany, in April of 1982. In some countries, however, the breed is still called, even today, a Brittany Spaniel. Nowadays, the breed is mostly kept as an energetic, intelligent, people-centered, and biddable family companion. Yet, many French hunters are still gladly using the Brittany while hunting.

Brittany General Appearance

What size is this breed? How big is this dog? Brittany size:
How much does the Brittany weigh? Brittany weight:
Male: 35-40 pounds (16-18 kg), Females: 30-40 pounds (14-18 kg)
Avg. Weight
What is the average weight of the Brittany? Brittany average weight:
Male: 37.5 pounds (17 kg), Females: 35 pounds (16 kg)
How tall is the Brittany? Brittany height:
Male: 17-21 inches (43-53 cm), Female: 18-20 inches (46-51 cm)
Avg. Height
What is the average height of this fido? Brittany average height:
Male: 19 inches (48 cm), Female: 19 inches (48.5 cm)

Brittany Hair & Care

What type of coat does the Brittany have? What does this canine coat look like?
What color is the breed's coat? What color is a proper Brittany's coat?
How to groom the Brittany and how often?
Easy to groom: The Brittany doesn't require a lot of grooming. Seasonal flea treatment is needed, but cutting the dog's hair by a professional groomer isn't necessary. Ears and eyes should be cleaned regularly to avoid infections. Brittany is a good choice if you don't have the time, skill or money to take care of a high maintenance dog. Recommended for beginners.
Shedding Level
How much do Brittany dogs shed? How to control, reduce and prevent the shedding of the Epagneul Breton? Brittany shedding level:
Brittanys are low shedders. It's a natural process of the hair growth cycle. The amount and frequency of hair loss mostly depend on their health status and breed type.

Brittany Characteristics

What kind of personality does the Brittany have? What characteristics does the breed have?
Intelligent Rank
How smart is the Brittany? Are they intelligent?
Very smart: Brittany is an excellent dog breed. You can teach them many tricks and commands. The limit is your creativity. They understand and memorize new commands in 5-15 repetitions. This breed obeys for the first command 85% of the time or better.
Are Brittany dogs easy to train? Do they go well on dog training?
Brittanys are easy to train. They find out the association between commands and actions quite quickly.
How playful is this breed?
The Brittany is a highly playful breed. Excited barking and sometimes nipping will alert you to play.
Sensitivity Level
How sensitive are they? Brittany sensitivity:
Brittanys don't like an irregular daily routine, noisy household and frequent guest visits. This breed emotional level reflects their owner's feelings and they don't handle punishments well.
Affection Level
How affectionate are they?
Brittanys are genuinely loyal, soft and gentle, loving and affectionate dogs toward their handlers. They enjoy quality time with their owners despite the activity and considered as a great therapy dog for those in need. This breed responds strongly to their handler's emotions because they bond closely. Their happiness is your happiness.
Social Needs
How much social interaction does the Epagneul Breton need? Brittany social needs:
Brittanys need a lot of social interaction. They desire to always be with someone or around people. This breed hates being left alone.
Do Brittany dogs bark a lot? Why does my Brittany Spaniel bark?
Average: The Brittany barks occasionally. They can change their barks depending on their emotional level and what they're trying to say. Different barks could mean the same and same barks could have a different meaning. Top reasons for barking: protection, alarm, fear, boredom, attention seeking, greeting, separation anxiety, compulsive barking.
Watchdog Ability
Is Brittany good as a watchdog?
Brittanys are average watchdogs. If they sense something different, they will alert you, but the observation isn't considered as their main job.
Do Brittany dogs have an aggressive behavior to protect their territory?
Brittanys are average defenders. Some dogs are very protective of their territory, while others easily let a stranger to trespass. This breed is not sure to defend his territory in every situation.
Biting Potential
Do Brittany bite humans? How likely are you to get bitten from the Epagneul Breton? What are the odds of getting bitten by a Brittany? Why do dog bites happen?
The Brittany has a low chance of biting somebody. Top reasons for dog bite: protection, pain, excitement, herding instinct, being provoked. (Data based on the available online bite statistics.)
How much mouthing/nipping/play biting does the Brittany do?
Brittanys have an average tendency to nip, chew, play-bite, or herd people. It's a common habit during puppyhood, not aggressive behavior. These "bites" don't hurt, but Brittanys need to be taught for a good attitude.
Impulse to Wander or Roam
How likely is the Brittany to run away? Does this breed explore or wander a lot? Does Brittany roam?
Wanderlust potential of the Brittany is strong enough to escape from home. They have a strong desire for exploring the world. Safer to walk them on a leash unless you teach them how to get back to you on command.
Prey Drive
Do this canine have a strong prey drive? Does Brittany have high prey drive?
Brittanys have a high impulse to chase and catch something. Cats or any other small animals are in danger. It's a natural instinct, doesn't necessarily mean that Brittany dogs are aggressive. Better to keep this breed on a leash.
Apartment Friendly
Is Brittany good as an apartment dog? Can they live in a flat?
Brittanys are not the best choice for an apartment lifestyle, but they don't mind being inside if you walk them several times every day.
Are they adaptable and easy-going?
Brittanys adapt very well to lifestyle changes and basically all living environments. They don't mind moving from one place to another with their owner.
Tolerates Being Left Alone
Can you leave this breed home alone?
Brittanys tend to have separation anxiety when their owners left them alone at home because they bond very closely with them.
Fighting Dog
Where Brittany dogs used as a fighting dog in the history?
Not really
In history, this breed was not really used for combat dog.

Brittany Good With

Stranger Friendly
Are they friendly with strangers?
Brittanys are average friendly towards strangers.
Child Friendly
Are Brittany dogs kid-friendly? Are they good with young children? Brittany and children:
Brittanys are very kid-friendly dogs. This breed enjoys being surrounded by children.
Cat Friendly
How well do Brittany dogs get along with cats? Are they good with kittens? What is this fido's temperament with cats?
Brittanys are average friendly towards cats.
Dog Friendly
Is Brittany good with other dogs? Are they dog-friendly dogs? How well do Brittany dogs get along with other dogs? What is this canine temperament with other dogs?
Brittanys are very dog-friendly dogs. If you want more dogs in your family or you'd like to join dog meetups, the Brittany can be a great choice.
Office Friendly
Are Brittanys good office dogs? Do Brittanys make good office friendly dogs? Can Brittanys be office dogs?
Brittany is not the best dog breed for office environment.
Senior Citizens Friendly
Are they senior citizens friendly dogs? How well do Brittany dogs get along with the elderly people? What is the Epagneul Breton temperament with senior people? Are Brittany dogs good for elderly owners?
Brittanys are one of the best breeds for elderly people.
Pet Friendly
Are they pet-friendly dogs? How well do Brittany dogs get along with other pets? Are Brittany dogs good with pets? What is this canine temperament with other pets?
Brittanys are generally with other pets.
Good For First Time Owners
Is Brittany breed good for first-time owners? Do they make a good dog for novice owners?
Brittanys are not good for novice owners, due to their stubborn personality.
Service Dog
Are they good as service dogs? Can Brittany be a service dog?
Not really
This breed generally not used as a service dog. A service dog is a term used in the USA to refer to any type of assistance dog specifically trained to help people who have disabilities, such as visual impairment, hearing impairments, mental disorders, seizures, mobility impairment, and diabetes. Service dogs are protected under the ADA (Americans with Disabilities Act). Brittany is not the best breed for service purposes.
Therapy Dog
Are they good as therapy dogs? Can Brittany be a therapy dog?
Not really
This breed generally not used as a therapy dog. A therapy dog is a dog that might be trained to provide affection, comfort, and love to people in hospitals, retirement homes, nursing homes, schools, hospices, disaster areas, and to people with anxiety disorders or autism. Brittany is not the best breed for therapeutic purposes.
Detection Dog or Sniffer Dog
Are they good as detection dogs? Can Brittany be a sniffer dog?
Not really
A detection dog or sniffer dog is a dog that is trained to use its senses (mostly its smell) to detect substances such as explosives, illegal drugs, wildlife scat, currency, blood, and contraband electronics such as illicit mobile phones. Brittany is not the best breed for detection purposes.
Search and Rescue Dog (SAR)
Are they good as SAR dogs? Can Brittany be a search and rescue dog?
Not really
The use of dogs in search and rescue (SAR) is a valuable component in wilderness tracking, natural disasters, mass casualty events, and in locating missing people. The Brittany is not the best breed for SAR purposes.
Boat Dog
Are they good as boat dogs? Can Brittany be a boat dog?
Not really
Brittany breed usually doesn't like being on a boat.
Cart Pulling or Drafting Dog
Are they good as cart pulling dogs? Can Brittany be a drafting dog?
Not really
A drafting dog or draft dog is a dog bred and used for cart pulling. Dogs bred for this work have strong builds and qualities that are needed, strength and determination. Brittany is not the best breed for drafting purposes.

Brittany Health Factors

Health Issues
Is it a healthy breed? Do Brittany dogs have health problems?
The Brittany is a healthy breed, but there are certain health issues that you should check with your vet regularly.
Health Problems
What health problems does the Brittany breed have? What are the health issues and concerns of the Brittany breed? Health risks of Brittany:
EpilepsyHip DysplasiaHypothyroidism
Life Expectancy
How long do Brittany dogs live? What is the average lifespan of this breed? How old can a Brittany be?
12-15 years
Is the Brittany breed hypoallergenic?
Brittanys don't do well with allergy sufferers by causing allergic reaction. Some of the dog breeds are even considered to higher the possibility of an allergic response. Coat type isn't necessarily relevant, because most people are allergic to dander (flakes on the dog's skin) or saliva, not actually to dog hair.
Energy Level
How much energy does the Brittany have?
Brittanys are high energy dogs. Active lifestyle makes them happy.
Exercise Need
How much exercise does this dog need? How much exercise do Brittany dogs require per day?
Brittanys need a lot of exercises. Long walks should be on a daily schedule. If you live an active life, this breed can be a good choice for you.
Sleeping Need
How much sleep does this fido need?
Brittanys don't need too much sleep. They are energetic and desire to live an active life. If you think naps are overrated, this breed can be the best choice for you.
Avg. daily food consumption
How much food does the Brittany need? How often should I feed my canine? What dog products should I buy?
1.5 to 2 cups of high-quality dry food a day, divided into two or three meals.
Weight Gain Potential
How easy to gain weight for this dog? Brittany risk for obesity:
Average. The Brittany has an average risk for obesity. Daily walks should be on schedule. To make your dog happy and fit, feed him with quality dry dog food and live an active life together. Try to find the happy medium between exercise and feeding. If you notice any weight gain, consult your veterinarian and make a diet plan. Reduce unhealthy food and snacks, and measure the Brittany's weight regularly.
Weather & Climate
Which weather condition is preferred by this dog? Can they tolerate hot and cold weather & climate?
Prefers average to cold weather conditions
The Brittany can adapt to well to cold weather conditions, some dogs even can be a good mountain dog.
How stinky is this dog? Why does it smell bad and how to get rid of the smell?
The Brittany has an average chance of bad smell. Top reasons for dog stinkiness: infection of bad tooth/ear/skin folds, gas attacks.
Drooling tendency
Does the Brittany drool?
The Brittany is a perfect example for low drooling tendency. If you dislike being covered by slobber spots on your clothes, the Brittany could be a good choice for you. Drooling is the unintentional saliva flowing outside of the mouth. It can be completely normal or a sign of a health problem. Certain dog breeds drool less than others, just like the Brittany. If you notice any change in your dog's drooling habit, you should contact a vet as soon as possible.

Brittany Reproducibility

Gestation Length
How long does this dog's pregnancy last? How long does this dog pregnant? How long does it take to have puppies?
60-64 days
Reproductive cycle of the female Brittany: The first period called Proestrus lasts for about 9 days. During this time the females start to attract males. You can notice by swelling vulva and bloody discharge. The second part is the Estrus when the bitch is receptive for the male. It lasts for about 3 to 11 days. The sign of the proestrus part is the soft and enlarged vulva. The discharge decreases and lightens in color. The third part is the Diestrus. Normally, it occurs around day 14. In this period the bitch’s discharge changes for vivid red and coming to its end. The vulva returns to average, and she will no longer permit mating. The fourth part called the Anestrus. The time frame between heat periods normally lasts about six months.
How often can the Brittany have a litter? Once a year.
More frequent breeding is not healthy. It is very important not to buy a dog from a puppy mill, where the needs of the pups and their mothers are ignored. It's an inhumane high-volume dog breeding facility, where puppies born several times a year.
Litter Size
How many puppies can the Brittany have? What is the average litter size of this fido?
1-11 puppies, average 6

Brittany Pros & Cons

  • Intelligent Rank: Very smart: Brittany is an excellent dog breed.
  • Trainability: Brittanys are easy to train.
  • Grooming: Easy to groom: The Brittany doesn't require a lot of grooming.
  • Shedding Level: Brittanys are low shedders.
  • Drooling tendency: The Brittany is a perfect example for low drooling tendency.
  • Adaptability: Brittanys adapt very well to lifestyle changes and basically all living environments.
  • Child Friendly: Brittanys are very kid-friendly dogs.
  • Dog Friendly: Brittanys are very dog-friendly dogs.
  • Senior Citizens Friendly: Brittanys are one of the best breeds for elderly people.
  • Hypoallergenic: Brittanys don't do well with allergy sufferers by causing allergic reaction.
  • Impulse to Wander or Roam: Wanderlust potential of the Brittany is strong enough to escape from home.
  • Tolerates Being Left Alone: Brittanys tend to have separation anxiety when their owners left them alone at home because they bond very closely with them.
  • Office Friendly: Brittany is not the best dog breed for office environment.
  • Good For First Time Owners: Brittanys are not good for novice owners, due to their stubborn personality.

Rate The Brittany Breed

Brittany Comments, Reviews & Questions

  • Fati

    Apr 10, 2021, 6:10:46 PM:

    They are the best cuddle buddies that ever existed

  • Hullo

    Nov 20, 2019, 10:39:25 PM: