Bullenbeisser Information & Dog Breed Facts

Collection of all the general dog breed info about Bullenbeisser so you can get to know the breed more.

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OriginGermany flagGermany
Other Names
What other names does the Bullenbeisser have?
BarenbeiszerBoxmatianBullenbijterGerman MastiffGerman Bulldog
Breed Type
What type of dog breed is it?
Purebred

Bullenbeisser Price and Availability

Price
How much does the Bullenbeisser puppy cost? What is the price range of this puppy? What is the average price of this dog in the United States? How much money is a Bullenbeisser?
Unavailable
Unfortunately the Bullenbeisser is an extinct dog breed, so there isn’t any available price range or breeder in the world for purchasing this breed.
Availability
How easy is it to get a Bullenbeisser? How many Bullenbeisser are there in the world?
Unavailable: This dog breed, unfortunately, is no longer available, it may even be extinct.

Bullenbeisser Size

Size
Is a Bullenbeisser small, medium or large dog?

How big do Bullenbeisser get?

Large
Weight
How much does the Bullenbeisser weigh? How much should the Bullenbeisser breed weight? What is the normal weight of a Bullenbeisser?
40-100 pounds (18-45 kg)
Average Weight
What is the average weight of a Bullenbeisser?
70 pounds (32 kg)
Height
How tall is the Bullenbeisser? Bullenbeisser height:
16-28 inches (40-70 cm)
Average Height
What is the average height of a Bullenbeisser?
23 inches (58 cm)

Bullenbeisser Grooming, Hair and Care

Coat / Hair Types
What type of coat does the Bullenbeisser have? What does this canine coat/fur look like?
Smooth
Colors
What color is the breed's coat? What color is a proper Bullenbeisser's coat?
TanBrownBlack
Grooming
How to groom the Bullenbeisser and how often?
Effortless: The Bullenbeisser requires minimal grooming. Seasonal flea treatment is needed, but cutting the dog's hair by a professional groomer isn't necessary.

Ears and eyes should be cleaned sometimes to avoid infections. Bullenbeisser is one of the best choices if you don't have the time, skill, or money to take care of a high-maintenance dog.

Highly recommended for beginners.
Shedding Level
How much do Bullenbeisser dogs shed? How to control, reduce and prevent the shedding of the Barenbeiszer?
Bullenbeissers shed moderately. It's a natural process of the hair growth cycle. Regular brushing reduces the amount of hair that sheds. It mostly depends on their health status and breed type.
Bath Time / Bathing Frequency
How often does the Bullenbeisser need a bath? How often should bathe this dog? Can I bathe my Bullenbeisser every day?
4-6 weeks
Average. Experts recommended at least every 4-6 weeks for this family pup. According to a study, 56% of pet parents don’t bathe their dogs as frequently as they should, and 60% use the sniff test when deciding when it’s bath time.

Bathing your dog is beneficial to them in more ways than just one. It’s also a good time to look for unusual scratches, bumps, fleas, and other irregularities. When their hair is wet and flat against their body, these details are more visible.

Bullenbeisser Personality / Temperament

Temperament
What kind of personality does the Bullenbeisser have? What characteristics or traits does the breed have?
LoyalIntelligentObedientFunnyEnergeticHunting
Intelligent Rank
How smart is the Bullenbeisser? Is the Bullenbeisser breed dumb or smart?
Smart: Bullenbeisser's has great intelligence. They understand and memorize new commands in 15-25 repetitions.

The Bullenbeisser is among the smartest dogs in the intelligence ranking.

Trainability
Are Bullenbeisser dogs easy to train? Do they go well on dog training?
Bullenbeissers are very easy to train. They easily find out the association between commands and actions.
Playfulness
How playful is this breed?
The Bullenbeisser is a playful breed. Excited barking and sometimes nipping will alert you to play.
Sensitivity Level
How sensitive are they? Bullenbeisser sensitivity:
They are a little bit more sensitive than other dog breeds. Soft punishment affects them emotionally. Bullenbeissers don't tolerate irregular daily routine, noisy household, and frequent guest visits really well.

They are receptive to their owner's emotions and make wonderful family companions.

Affection Level
How affectionate are they? Is a Bullenbeisser a good family dog?
High: Bullenbeissers are genuinely loyal, soft and gentle, loving and affectionate dogs toward their handlers. They enjoy quality time with their owners despite the activity and are considered great therapy dog for those in need. This breed responds strongly to their handler's emotions because they bond closely. Their happiness is your happiness.
Social Needs
How much social interaction does the Barenbeiszer need? Bullenbeisser social needs:
Bullenbeissers are a social breed. They enjoy being around people or other animals. This breed doesn't tolerate being left alone.
Barking
Do Bullenbeisser dogs bark a lot? Are they barkers/noisy? Why does my Barenbeiszer bark?
Average: The Bullenbeisser barks occasionally. They can change their barks depending on their emotional level and what they're trying to say. Different barks could mean the same and the same barks could have different meanings.

Top reasons for barking: protection, alarm, fear, boredom, attention-seeking, greeting, separation anxiety, compulsive barking.

Watchdog Ability
Is Bullenbeisser good as a watchdog? Are they alert at night?
Bullenbeissers are good watchdogs. Their main job is to observe and they're consistent in their effort. Good vocal cords and a sense of hearing belong to them. Usually, they're territorial and protective about their property, so the Bullenbeissers will alert you if they sense something different.
Guarding Behavior / Territorial
Do Bullenbeisser dogs have aggressive behavior to protect their home/house/territory? Do they have guarding instincts?
Bullenbeissers strongly protect their territory. This breed is a complete security guard, so you don't have to be afraid in case of danger.
Biting Potential
Do Bullenbeisser bite humans? How likely are you to get bitten from the Barenbeiszer? What are the odds of getting bitten by a Bullenbeisser? Why do dog bites happen?

Moderate

The Bullenbeisser has an average chance of biting somebody. Top reasons for dog bite: protection, pain, excitement, herding instinct, being provoked. (Data based on the available online bite statistics.)
Bite Force
Does the Bullenbeisser has a hard bite? What is the bite force of a Bullenbeisser? How much bite force does a Bullenbeisser have?

Between 200 and 400 PSI

Bullenbeisser bite force: Ordinary. Average dogs have a bite force between 200 and 400 PSI.

The Bullenbeisser, and many others, have a fearsome presence because they have significant jaw strength, so it is important not to anger the dog and have it around strangers until it is fully trained.

However, they are usually quite calm and good companions, they work well in families and are easy to care for.

Mouthiness
How much mouthing/nipping/play biting does the Bullenbeisser do?
Bullenbeissers have an average tendency to nip, chew, play-bite, or herd people. It's a common habit during puppyhood, not aggressive behavior. These "bites" don't hurt, but Bullenbeissers need to be taught for a good attitude.
Impulse to Wander or Roam
How likely is the Bullenbeisser to run away? Does this breed explore or wander a lot? Does Bullenbeisser roam?
The wanderlust potential of the Bullenbeisser is strong enough to escape from home. They have a strong desire for exploring the world. Safer to walk them on a leash unless you teach them how to get back to you on command.
Prey Drive
Do this canine have a strong prey drive? Does Bullenbeisser have high prey drive?
Bullenbeissers have a high impulse to chase and catch something. Cats or any other small animals are in danger. It's a natural instinct, doesn't necessarily mean that Bullenbeisser dogs are aggressive. Better to keep this breed on a leash.
Apartment Friendly
Is Bullenbeisser good as an apartment dog? Can they live in a flat?
It is not recommended to keep the Bullenbeisser breed in the home. It does best in the garden, but if you do want to keep it indoors, it should be exercised thoroughly with long daily walks, so you can keep the Bullenbeisser indoors by introducing daily routines.
Adaptability
Are they adaptable and easy-going?
Average: Bullenbeissers adapt to lifestyle changes and different living environments quite okay usually.
Tolerates Being Left Alone
How long can a Bullenbeisser be left alone?
Bullenbeissers do best when a family member is at home during the day or if their workplace is dog-friendly so they can take the dog at work.

Bullenbeisser Good With

Stranger Friendly
Are they aggressive or friendly towards/with strangers? Bullenbeisser temperament with other people:
Bullenbeissers are average friendly towards strangers.
Pet Friendly
Are they pet-friendly dogs? How well do Bullenbeisser dogs get along with other pets? Are Bullenbeisser dogs good with pets? What is this canine temperament with other pets?
Bullenbeissers usually don’t get on well with other pets.
Child Friendly
Are Bullenbeisser dogs kid-friendly? Are they good with young children? Bullenbeisser temperament with children:
Bullenbeissers are kid-friendly dogs. This breed is a good choice if you have children.
Cat Friendly
How well do Bullenbeisser dogs get along with cats? Are they good with kittens? What is this fido's temperament with cats? Can they be good with cats? Can the Bullenbeisser breed live with a cat?
Bullenbeissers are not the most cat-friendly dogs.
Dog Friendly
Is Bullenbeisser good with other dogs? Are they dog-friendly dogs? How well do Bullenbeisser dogs get along with other dogs?
Bullenbeissers are not the most dog-friendly dogs. If you want more dogs in your family or you'd like to join dog meetups, the Bullenbeisser is not a good choice.
Good For First Time Owners
Is Bullenbeisser breed good for first-time owners? Do they make a good dog for novice owners? Is Bullenbeisser breed suitable for first-time owners?
Yes
Bullenbeissers are good for novice owners, due to their easy-going personality.
Office Friendly
Are Bullenbeissers good office dogs? Do Bullenbeissers make good office friendly dogs? Can Bullenbeissers be office dogs?
No
Bullenbeisser is not the best dog breed for office environment.
Senior Citizens Friendly
Are they senior citizens friendly dogs? How well do Bullenbeisser dogs get along with the elderly people? What is the Barenbeiszer temperament with senior people? Are Bullenbeisser dogs good for elderly owners?
Bullenbeissers are usually recommended for elderly people.

Bullenbeisser Health

Health Issues
Is it a healthy or unhealthy breed? Do Bullenbeisser dogs have health problems or genetic diseases?
The Bullenbeisser is a healthy breed, but there are certain health issues that you should check with your vet regularly.
Veterinarian Visits
How often does the Bullenbeisser breed need to go to the vet? How often should you take your dog to the vet? How often should the Bullenbeisser see the vet?
Average
The Bullenbeisser should have a complete physical check-up at least once per year. If your dog shows any symptoms, call your veterinarian.
Life Expectancy
How long do Bullenbeisser dogs live? How old can a Bullenbeisser be? What is the age limit of the Bullenbeisser? How many years can the oldest Bullenbeisser live?

What is the average life expectancy / lifespan of a Bullenbeisser?

9-11 years
The average lifespan of Bullenbeisser: 10 years
Hypoallergenic
Is the Bullenbeisser breed hypoallergenic?
No
Bullenbeissers don't do well with allergy sufferers by causing allergic reaction. Some of the dog breeds are even considered to higher the possibility of an allergic response. Coat type isn't necessarily relevant, because most people are allergic to dander (flakes on the dog's skin) or saliva, not actually to dog hair.
Energy Level
How much energy does the Bullenbeisser have? What is the activity level of the Bullenbeisser?
Bullenbeissers are high-energy dogs. An active lifestyle makes them happy.
Activity Requirement / Exercise Need
How much exercise does a Bullenbeisser need? How much exercise do Bullenbeisser dogs require per day?
Bullenbeissers need quite a lot of exercise. Daily walks should be on schedule. If you live an active life, this breed can be a good choice for you.
Sleeping Need
How much sleep does the Bullenbeisser breed need?
Bullenbeissers are quite energetic dogs and they don't spend too much time with sleeping. If you live an active life, this breed can be a good choice for you.
Average daily food consumption
How much food does a Bullenbeisser need? What dog products should I buy? How much food does a Bullenbeisser breed eat per day? What is good dog food for Bullenbeisser? How much food should I feed my Bullenbeisser?
2 to 4.5 cups of high-quality dry food a day, divided into two meals.
Weight Gain Potential / Prone to Obesity
How easy to gain weight for this dog? Bullenbeisser risk for obesity:
Average: The Bullenbeisser has an average risk for obesity. Daily walks should be on schedule. To make your dog happy and fit, feed him with quality dry dog food and live an active life together. Try to find the happy medium between exercise and feeding.

If you notice any weight gain, consult your veterinarian and make a diet plan. Reduce unhealthy food and snacks, and measure the Bullenbeisser's weight regularly.

Weather and Climate
Which weather condition is preferred by this dog? Can they tolerate hot or cold weather and climate?
Tolerates warm and cold weather
Dogs that tolerate hot and cold weather are typically those that have a double coat of fur. Dogs with a double coat of fur have a layer of fur that insulates their skin and helps protect them from the cold and the heat.
Stinkiness
How stinky is this dog? Why does it smell bad and how to get rid of the smell?

Medium

The Bullenbeisser has an average chance of bad smell. Top reasons for dog stinkiness: infection of bad tooth/ear/skin folds, gas attacks.
Drooling Tendency
Does the Bullenbeisser drool?
The Bullenbeisser is a perfect example of a very low drooling tendency. If you're disgusted by slobber spots on your clothes, the Bullenbeisser could be a perfect choice for you. Drooling is the unintentional saliva flowing outside of the mouth. It can be completely normal or a sign of a health problem. Certain dog breeds drool minimum compared to others, just like the Bullenbeisser.

If you notice any change in your dog's drooling habit, you should contact a vet as soon as possible.

Bullenbeisser As a Working Dog

Service Dog
Are they good as service dogs? Can Bullenbeisser be a guide dog? Are they used as seeing-eye dogs?

Not really

This breed generally not used as a service dog. A service dog is a term used in the USA to refer to any type of assistance dog specifically trained to help people who have disabilities, such as visual impairment, hearing impairments, mental disorders, seizures, mobility impairment, and diabetes. Service dogs are protected under the ADA (Americans with Disabilities Act).

Bullenbeisser is not the best breed for service purposes.

Therapy Dog
Are they good as therapy dogs? Can Bullenbeisser be a therapy dog? Are they good anxiety dogs? Can a Bullenbeisser be an emotional support animal?

Not really

This breed is generally not used as a therapy dog. A therapy dog is a dog that might be trained to provide affection, comfort, and love to people in hospitals, retirement homes, nursing homes, schools, hospices, disaster areas, and people with anxiety disorders or autism.

Bullenbeisser is not the best breed for therapeutic purposes.

Detection Dog or Sniffer Dog
Are they good as detection dogs? Can Bullenbeisser be a sniffer dog?

Not really

They are not typically employed for this type of work, but there may be exceptional cases. A detection dog or sniffer dog is a dog that is trained to use its senses (mostly its smell) to detect substances such as explosives, illegal drugs, wildlife scat, currency, blood, and contraband electronics such as illicit mobile phones.

Bullenbeisser is not the best breed for detection purposes.

Search and Rescue Dog (SAR)
Are they good as SAR dogs? Can Bullenbeisser be a search and rescue dog?

Not really

This dog breed is not typically used as a search and rescue dog. The use of dogs in search and rescue (SAR) is a valuable component in wilderness tracking, natural disasters, mass casualty events, and locating missing people.

The Bullenbeisser is not the best breed for SAR purposes.

Boat and Sailor Dog
Are they good as boat dogs? Can Bullenbeisser be a boat dog?

Not really

Bullenbeisser breed usually doesn't like being on a boat.

Boat dogs were typically bred for their strength, stamina, and water resistance, as they were often required to perform tasks such as pulling in fishing nets, and jumping into the water to retrieve ropes or lines, or helping to move cargo.

Sailor dog is a type of dog that was bred to accompany sailors on their voyages. They were typically used for three purposes: as a working dog, a watchdog, and as a companion. A boat dog is a term used to describe a type of dog that was traditionally bred and used as a working dog on boats.

Cart Pulling or Drafting Dog
Are they good as cart pulling dogs? Can Bullenbeisser be a drafting dog?

Not really

A drafting dog or draft dog is a dog bred and used for cart pulling. Dogs bred for this work have strong builds and qualities that are needed, strength and determination.

Bullenbeisser is not the best breed for drafting purposes.

Fighting Dog / Military Dog
Where Bullenbeisser dogs used as fighting / military dogs in history?

Yes

In history, this breed was unfortunately used for combat dogs. A combat dog is a specially trained dog that is used in warfare to help protect military personnel and assets. Combat dogs are often deployed in areas where there is potential for contact with the enemy, such as during raids or search operations. Combat dogs are typically assigned to either infantry or special operations units. They are used for a variety of tasks including area security, sentry duty, trackers, and explosive detection. In addition to their combat roles, combat dogs also play an important role in troop morale by providing companionship and emotional support.

Bullenbeisser Reproducibility

Gestation Length
How long is a Bullenbeisser pregnant?How long does it take to have puppies? How to tell if the Bullenbeisser breed is pregnant?

60-64 days

Reproductive cycle of the female Bullenbeisser: The first period called Proestrus lasts for about 9 days.

During this time the females start to attract males. You can notice by swelling vulva and bloody discharge.

The second part is the Estrus when the female is receptive for the male. It lasts for about 3 to 11 days.

The sign of the proestrus part is the soft and enlarged vulva. The discharge decreases and lightens in color.

The third part is the Diestrus. Normally, it occurs around day 14. In this period the female’s discharge changes for vivid red and coming to its end. The vulva returns to average, and she will no longer permit mating.

The fourth part called the Anestrus. The time frame between heat periods normally lasts about six months.

Litter Frequency

Once a year.

More frequent breeding is not healthy. It is very important not to buy a dog from a puppy mill, where the needs of the pups and their mothers are ignored. It's an inhumane high-volume dog breeding facility, where puppies born several times a year.
Litter Size
How many puppies can the Bullenbeisser have in a litter? How many puppies can the Bullenbeisser breed have for the first time? How many puppies does a Bullenbeisser have? How many puppies can a Bullenbeisser give birth to?
5-8 puppies

Bullenbeisser Recognition

AKC Group
Is Bullenbeisser recognized by the American Kennel Club?
Not recognized by the American Kennel Club.
FCI Group
Is Bullenbeisser recognized by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI)?
Not recognized by FCI.
Breed Recognition
What kennel clubs and organizations recognize or register the Bullenbeisser breed?
Dog Registry of America Inc.

Bullenbeisser Pros and Cons

Pros
  • Intelligent Rank: Smart: Bullenbeisser's has great intelligence.
  • Trainability: Bullenbeissers are very easy to train.
  • Grooming: Effortless: The Bullenbeisser requires minimal grooming.
  • Drooling Tendency: The Bullenbeisser is a perfect example of a very low drooling tendency.
  • Watchdog Ability: Bullenbeissers are good watchdogs.
  • Child Friendly: Bullenbeissers are kid-friendly dogs.
  • Senior Citizens Friendly: Bullenbeissers are usually recommended for elderly people.
  • Good For First Time Owners: Bullenbeissers are good for novice owners, due to their easy-going personality.
Cons
  • Hypoallergenic: Bullenbeissers don't do well with allergy sufferers by causing allergic reaction.
  • Apartment Friendly: It is not recommended to keep the Bullenbeisser breed in the home.
  • Impulse to Wander or Roam: The wanderlust potential of the Bullenbeisser is strong enough to escape from home.
  • Tolerates Being Left Alone: Bullenbeissers do best when a family member is at home during the day or if their workplace is dog-friendly so they can take the dog at work.
  • Cat Friendly: Bullenbeissers are not the most cat-friendly dogs.
  • Dog Friendly: Bullenbeissers are not the most dog-friendly dogs.
  • Office Friendly: Bullenbeisser is not the best dog breed for office environment.

Bullenbeisser History

Although little is known about the Bullenbeisser’s early history, the breed had a very long history in the Holy Roman Empire’s regions. The breed was predominantly retained by the Germans, Dutch, Flemish, and Frisians, who spoke closely related languages and were all regarded as one people until recent centuries. The Bullenbeisser is originally a type of Mastiff introduced into German-speaking lands from France, Italy, or possibly the Roman Empire that preceded them. Although each Mastiff is unique, most are distinguished by their huge size, a brachycephalic head, and a strong protective instinct. It is uncertain when Mastiffs arrived in Germany for the first time, but it was likely during the Late Roman period or the Dark Ages.

Over time, the Mastiffs became identical to other dogs of their type. They diverged through the centuries as a result of different local breeding choices. In Western Europe, Mastiffs were primarily used as beasts for war or for guarding properties. Such dogs were frequently chained during the day. Eventually, they became monstrous in size and immensely powerful, but they also became lazy and unathletic. On the other hand, in Germany, they were mostly used for hunting. These were the only dogs that possessed the power to hunt the largest and most dangerous prey found, for example, boar, bear, and wolf. German farmers also learned that these dogs were both fast and powerful enough to capture and hold a stubborn bull or hog until they could capture or kill it. These Mastiffs became less bulky and most athletic, and energetic than related breeds as a result of being employed for more physically demanding jobs. Eventually, the traditional-looking Mastiff became more specialized as a working farm dog. The dog was also commonly pitted against either bulls or bears for sport, competitions known as bull-baiting and bear-baiting. However, the original form of the Mastiff became even smaller and more athletic than it has been previously, and this breed became known as the Bullenbeisser which means “Bull Biter”.

At the time, when the Holy Roman Empire was composed of hundreds of independent states, ranging in size from a small town to the nation of Austria, each state kept several kennels of Bullenbeissers for hunting. However, as a result of the political and geographical division, many different localized versions of Bullenbeisser were developed. In the early 15th century, major technological and cultural changes came to Europe. The number of states in the Holy Roman Empire shrank dramatically as larger polities began to consume smaller ones. The size of the German nobility decreased, which meant that fewer and fewer people could afford to keep a kennel of Bullenbeissers. At the same time, the German population increased and this resulted in urbanization, which leads to the extinction of many hunting breeds. However, the Bullenbeisser was valuable for so many purposes that it continued to be bred. Primarily kept by working farmers and butchers who could afford to feed a massive dog. The one advantage of urbanization was that it led to increased crime rates, which in turn led to an increased demand for guard dogs.

Furthermore, because of the lower shipping costs, Germany was able to import dogs from across the world. Perhaps the most popular one was the English Bulldog, which served very similar functions to the Bullenbeisser, but was smaller, bulkier, and came in a wider variety of colors. In order to improve their dogs, many Bullenbeisser breeders began to cross their dogs with English Bulldogs. Other breeds were also crossed with the Bullenbeisser, such as the Bull Terrier, English White Terrier, and Staffordshire Bull Terrier. At the same time, technology began to take the Bullenbeisser’s traditional roles, and other breeds such as the German Shepherd stepped in. As a result of this, by the end of the 19th century, the traditional Bullenbeisser was becoming increasingly rare and was likely slowly dying out.

Moreover, during the late 1890s, there was a desire throughout Germany to standardize the indigenous breeds. A group of Bullenbeisser enthusiasts decided to standardize the breed, ideally returning it to its ancestors from before the introduction of English Bulldog blood. These efforts were centered in Munich and resulted in the creation of a standardized breed known as the Boxer. The first Boxers were probably about 50% Bullenbeisser and 50% English Bulldog, but for a number of reasons, breeders favored the introduction of increasing amounts of Bullenbeisser blood. Many of the remaining Bullenbeissers were joined to the Boxer’s genes, resulting in a breed that was roughly 70% Bullenbeisser and 30% English Bulldog. The Boxer became so popular across Germany, it completely replaced the old Bullenbeisser. By the end of World War II, the Bullenbeisser was entirely extinct as an independent breed.

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