Fuegian Dog Information & Dog Breed Facts

Collection of all the general dog breed info about Fuegian Dog so you can get to know the breed more.

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OriginChile flagChile
Other Names
What other names does the Fuegian Dog have?
Yaghan Dog
Breed Type
What type of dog breed is it?
Purebred

Fuegian Dog Price and Availability

Price
How much does the Fuegian Dog puppy cost? What is the price range of this puppy? What is the average price of this dog in the United States? How much money is a Fuegian Dog?
Unavailable
Unfortunately the Fuegian Dog is an extinct dog breed, so there isn’t any available price range or breeder in the world for purchasing this breed.
Availability
How easy is it to get a Fuegian Dog? How many Fuegian Dog are there in the world?
Unavailable: This dog breed, unfortunately, is no longer available, it may even be extinct.

Fuegian Dog Size

Size
Is a Fuegian Dog small, medium or large dog?

How big do Fuegian Dog get?

Medium
Weight
How much does the Fuegian Dog weigh? How much should the Fuegian Dog breed weight? What is the normal weight of a Fuegian Dog?
12-30 pounds (5-13.5 kg)
Average Weight
What is the average weight of a Fuegian Dog?
21 pounds (9.5 kg)
Height
How tall is the Fuegian Dog? Fuegian Dog height:
13-16 inches (33-41 cm)
Average Height
What is the average height of a Fuegian Dog?
14.5 inches (37 cm)

Fuegian Dog Grooming, Hair and Care

Coat / Hair Types
What type of coat does the Fuegian Dog have? What does this canine coat/fur look like?
FluffyDense
Colors
What color is the breed's coat? What color is a proper Fuegian Dog's coat?
Tawny
Grooming
How to groom the Fuegian Dog and how often?
Effortless: The Fuegian Dog requires minimal grooming. Seasonal flea treatment is needed, but cutting the dog's hair by a professional groomer isn't necessary.

Ears and eyes should be cleaned sometimes to avoid infections. Fuegian Dog is one of the best choices if you don't have the time, skill, or money to take care of a high-maintenance dog.

Highly recommended for beginners.
Shedding Level
How much do Fuegian Dog dogs shed? How to control, reduce and prevent the shedding of the Yaghan Dog?
Fuegian Dogs shed moderately. It's a natural process of the hair growth cycle. Regular brushing reduces the amount of hair that sheds. It mostly depends on their health status and breed type.
Bath Time / Bathing Frequency
How often does the Fuegian Dog need a bath? How often should bathe this dog? Can I bathe my Fuegian Dog every day?
3-4 weeks
More often than average. These dog coats tend to be longer, softer, and oilier than short-haired breeds. While a good bath every now and then is a great way to keep your buddy from becoming overly smelly, be mindful about overbathing.

Bathing will wash away your dog’s natural oils, while a simple brushing every few days should keep them clean.

Fuegian Dog Personality / Temperament

Temperament
What kind of personality does the Fuegian Dog have? What characteristics or traits does the breed have?
Dangerous
Intelligent Rank
How smart is the Fuegian Dog? Is the Fuegian Dog breed dumb or smart?
Average: It takes patience to teach this breed any tricks or commands, but the effort is worth it. They understand and remember new commands after an average of 25-40 repetitions.

The Fuegian Dog ranks average in the intelligence ranking of dogs.

Trainability
Are Fuegian Dog dogs easy to train? Do they go well on dog training?
A slightly harder to train than average. Fuegian Dogs aren't famous for their trainability. This breed needs more time and repetition to obey. It's challenging to teach them new commands, but not impossible.
Playfulness
How playful is this breed?
The Fuegian Dog is a playful breed. Excited barking and sometimes nipping will alert you to play.
Sensitivity Level
How sensitive are they? Fuegian Dog sensitivity:
They are easygoing, low-sensitivity dogs. Moderate punishment works great with this breed, they won't be affected emotionally.

Fuegian Dogs tolerate irregular daily routine, young children, noisy household, office environment, and frequent guest visits really well.

Affection Level
How affectionate are they? Is a Fuegian Dog a good family dog?
Below Average: Fuegian Dogs don't bond too closely to their owners. This breed is often aloof and distant.
Social Needs
How much social interaction does the Yaghan Dog need? Fuegian Dog social needs:
Fuegian Dogs are known to be antisocial. They prefer being left alone. This breed doesn't like being around people all the time.
Barking
Do Fuegian Dog dogs bark a lot? Are they barkers/noisy? Why does my Yaghan Dog bark?
A lot: Fuegian Dog is a particularly loud breed. They often enjoy barking and howling loudly. If you want a quiet dog, not the best choice.

The main triggers for barking are fear, attention, alarm, boredom, greeting, separation anxiety, compulsive barking, and defense.

Watchdog Ability
Is Fuegian Dog good as a watchdog? Are they alert at night?
Fuegian Dogs are not the best watchdogs. They aren't very territorial and protective about their property, so they probably won't alert you if they sense something different.
Guarding Behavior / Territorial
Do Fuegian Dog dogs have aggressive behavior to protect their home/house/territory? Do they have guarding instincts?
Fuegian Dogs are extremely protective guard dogs. This breed doesn't hesitate to protect its territory so the Fuegian Dog can be a good choice if you want an excellent guard dog. Keep calm and the Fuegian Dog will take care of unwanted people or animals.
Biting Potential
Do Fuegian Dog bite humans? How likely are you to get bitten from the Yaghan Dog? What are the odds of getting bitten by a Fuegian Dog? Why do dog bites happen?

High 🔼

The Fuegian Dog has a high chance of biting somebody. Top reasons for dog bite: protection, pain, excitement, herding instinct, being provoked. (Data based on the available online bite statistics.)
Bite Force
Does the Fuegian Dog has a hard bite? What is the bite force of a Fuegian Dog? How much bite force does a Fuegian Dog have?

Between 200 and 400 PSI

Fuegian Dog bite force: Ordinary. Average dogs have a bite force between 200 and 400 PSI.

The Fuegian Dog, and many others, have a fearsome presence because they have significant jaw strength, so it is important not to anger the dog and have it around strangers until it is fully trained.

However, they are usually quite calm and good companions, they work well in families and are easy to care for.

Mouthiness
How much mouthing/nipping/play biting does the Fuegian Dog do?
Fuegian Dogs have a strong tendency to nip, chew, play-bite, or herd people. It's a common habit during puppyhood, not aggressive behavior. These "bites" don't hurt, but Fuegian Dogs need to be taught for a good attitude.
Impulse to Wander or Roam
How likely is the Fuegian Dog to run away? Does this breed explore or wander a lot? Does Fuegian Dog roam?
Fuegian Dogs have high wanderlust potential, which means that this breed has a strong desire for exploring the world. Safer to walk them on a leash unless you teach them how to get back to you on command. This breed is also able to cause damage to your fence.
Prey Drive
Do this canine have a strong prey drive? Does Fuegian Dog have high prey drive?
Fuegian Dogs have a high impulse to chase and catch something. Cats or any other small animals are in danger. It's a natural instinct, doesn't necessarily mean that Fuegian Dog dogs are aggressive. Better to keep this breed on a leash.
Apartment Friendly
Is Fuegian Dog good as an apartment dog? Can they live in a flat?
Not an apartment-friendly dog the Fuegian Dog breed. If you don't have a garden, think carefully about your decision, keeping Fuegian Dog indoors can cause a lot of problems.
Adaptability
Are they adaptable and easy-going?
Fuegian Dogs adapt badly to lifestyle changes and different living environments. They don't tolerate moving from one place to another with their owner.
Tolerates Being Left Alone
How long can a Fuegian Dog be left alone?
Fuegian Dogs love being alone, they need their own free time. You don't have to worry about leaving them for a few hours alone at home.

Fuegian Dog Good With

Stranger Friendly
Are they aggressive or friendly towards/with strangers? Fuegian Dog temperament with other people:
Fuegian Dogs are not stranger friendly dogs.
Pet Friendly
Are they pet-friendly dogs? How well do Fuegian Dog dogs get along with other pets? Are Fuegian Dog dogs good with pets? What is this canine temperament with other pets?
Fuegian Dogs do best when they’re the only pet at the family.
Child Friendly
Are Fuegian Dog dogs kid-friendly? Are they good with young children? Fuegian Dog temperament with children:
Fuegian Dogs are not kid-friendly dogs. This breed is not recommended for families with children.
Cat Friendly
How well do Fuegian Dog dogs get along with cats? Are they good with kittens? What is this fido's temperament with cats? Can they be good with cats? Can the Fuegian Dog breed live with a cat?
Fuegian Dogs are not cat-friendly dogs.
Dog Friendly
Is Fuegian Dog good with other dogs? Are they dog-friendly dogs? How well do Fuegian Dog dogs get along with other dogs?
Fuegian Dogs are not the most dog-friendly dogs. If you want more dogs in your family or you'd like to join dog meetups, the Fuegian Dog is not a good choice.
Good For First Time Owners
Is Fuegian Dog breed good for first-time owners? Do they make a good dog for novice owners? Is Fuegian Dog breed suitable for first-time owners?
No
Fuegian Dogs are not good for novice owners, due to their stubborn personality.
Office Friendly
Are Fuegian Dogs good office dogs? Do Fuegian Dogs make good office friendly dogs? Can Fuegian Dogs be office dogs?
No
Fuegian Dog is not the best dog breed for office environment.
Senior Citizens Friendly
Are they senior citizens friendly dogs? How well do Fuegian Dog dogs get along with the elderly people? What is the Yaghan Dog temperament with senior people? Are Fuegian Dog dogs good for elderly owners?
Fuegian Dogs are not recommended for elderly people.

Fuegian Dog Health

Health Issues
Is it a healthy or unhealthy breed? Do Fuegian Dog dogs have health problems or genetic diseases?
Very healthy dog breed. The Fuegian Dog rarely meets with the veterinarian.
Veterinarian Visits
How often does the Fuegian Dog breed need to go to the vet? How often should you take your dog to the vet? How often should the Fuegian Dog see the vet?
Rare
The Fuegian Dog should have a complete physical check-up at least every 12-18 months (but preferably once per year). If your dog shows any symptoms, call your veterinarian.
Life Expectancy
How long do Fuegian Dog dogs live? How old can a Fuegian Dog be? What is the age limit of the Fuegian Dog? How many years can the oldest Fuegian Dog live?

What is the average life expectancy / lifespan of a Fuegian Dog?

9-13 years
The average lifespan of Fuegian Dog: 11 years
Hypoallergenic
Is the Fuegian Dog breed hypoallergenic?
No
Fuegian Dogs don't do well with allergy sufferers by causing allergic reaction. Some of the dog breeds are even considered to higher the possibility of an allergic response. Coat type isn't necessarily relevant, because most people are allergic to dander (flakes on the dog's skin) or saliva, not actually to dog hair.
Energy Level
How much energy does the Fuegian Dog have? What is the activity level of the Fuegian Dog?
Fuegian Dogs have a higher energy level than other dog breeds. If you want a dog for snuggling on the couch, this breed isn't the perfect choice for you.
Activity Requirement / Exercise Need
How much exercise does a Fuegian Dog need? How much exercise do Fuegian Dog dogs require per day?
Fuegian Dogs need quite a lot of exercise. Daily walks should be on schedule. If you live an active life, this breed can be a good choice for you.
Sleeping Need
How much sleep does the Fuegian Dog breed need?
Fuegian Dogs are quite energetic dogs and they don't spend too much time with sleeping. If you live an active life, this breed can be a good choice for you.
Average daily food consumption
How much food does a Fuegian Dog need? What dog products should I buy? How much food does a Fuegian Dog breed eat per day? What is good dog food for Fuegian Dog? How much food should I feed my Fuegian Dog?
0.5 to 1.5 cups of high-quality dry food a day, divided into two meals.
Weight Gain Potential / Prone to Obesity
How easy to gain weight for this dog? Fuegian Dog risk for obesity:
Low: The Fuegian Dog has good luck with genetics. This breed doesn't need to worry about obesity. To make your dog happy and fit, feed him with quality dry dog food and live an active life together. Try to find the happy medium between exercise and feeding.

If you notice any weight change, consult your veterinarian to make a meal plan, and measure the Fuegian Dog's weight regularly.

Weather and Climate
Which weather condition is preferred by this dog? Can they tolerate hot or cold weather and climate?
Prefers warm weather
Dogs that prefer warm weather conditions are typically breeds that were originally bred in warmer climates.
Stinkiness
How stinky is this dog? Why does it smell bad and how to get rid of the smell?

Low 🔽

The Fuegian Dog has a low chance of bad smell. Top reasons for dog stinkiness: infection of bad tooth/ear/skin folds, gas attacks.
Drooling Tendency
Does the Fuegian Dog drool?
The Fuegian Dog is a perfect example of a very low drooling tendency. If you're disgusted by slobber spots on your clothes, the Fuegian Dog could be a perfect choice for you. Drooling is the unintentional saliva flowing outside of the mouth. It can be completely normal or a sign of a health problem. Certain dog breeds drool minimum compared to others, just like the Fuegian Dog.

If you notice any change in your dog's drooling habit, you should contact a vet as soon as possible.

Fuegian Dog As a Working Dog

Service Dog
Are they good as service dogs? Can Fuegian Dog be a guide dog? Are they used as seeing-eye dogs?

Not really

This breed generally not used as a service dog. A service dog is a term used in the USA to refer to any type of assistance dog specifically trained to help people who have disabilities, such as visual impairment, hearing impairments, mental disorders, seizures, mobility impairment, and diabetes. Service dogs are protected under the ADA (Americans with Disabilities Act).

Fuegian Dog is not the best breed for service purposes.

Therapy Dog
Are they good as therapy dogs? Can Fuegian Dog be a therapy dog? Are they good anxiety dogs? Can a Fuegian Dog be an emotional support animal?

Not really

This breed is generally not used as a therapy dog. A therapy dog is a dog that might be trained to provide affection, comfort, and love to people in hospitals, retirement homes, nursing homes, schools, hospices, disaster areas, and people with anxiety disorders or autism.

Fuegian Dog is not the best breed for therapeutic purposes.

Detection Dog or Sniffer Dog
Are they good as detection dogs? Can Fuegian Dog be a sniffer dog?

Not really

They are not typically employed for this type of work, but there may be exceptional cases. A detection dog or sniffer dog is a dog that is trained to use its senses (mostly its smell) to detect substances such as explosives, illegal drugs, wildlife scat, currency, blood, and contraband electronics such as illicit mobile phones.

Fuegian Dog is not the best breed for detection purposes.

Search and Rescue Dog (SAR)
Are they good as SAR dogs? Can Fuegian Dog be a search and rescue dog?

Not really

This dog breed is not typically used as a search and rescue dog. The use of dogs in search and rescue (SAR) is a valuable component in wilderness tracking, natural disasters, mass casualty events, and locating missing people.

The Fuegian Dog is not the best breed for SAR purposes.

Boat and Sailor Dog
Are they good as boat dogs? Can Fuegian Dog be a boat dog?

Not really

Fuegian Dog breed usually doesn't like being on a boat.

Boat dogs were typically bred for their strength, stamina, and water resistance, as they were often required to perform tasks such as pulling in fishing nets, and jumping into the water to retrieve ropes or lines, or helping to move cargo.

Sailor dog is a type of dog that was bred to accompany sailors on their voyages. They were typically used for three purposes: as a working dog, a watchdog, and as a companion. A boat dog is a term used to describe a type of dog that was traditionally bred and used as a working dog on boats.

Cart Pulling or Drafting Dog
Are they good as cart pulling dogs? Can Fuegian Dog be a drafting dog?

Not really

A drafting dog or draft dog is a dog bred and used for cart pulling. Dogs bred for this work have strong builds and qualities that are needed, strength and determination.

Fuegian Dog is not the best breed for drafting purposes.

Fighting Dog / Military Dog
Where Fuegian Dog dogs used as fighting / military dogs in history?

Not really

In history, this breed was not really used for combat dog.

Fuegian Dog Reproducibility

Gestation Length
How long is a Fuegian Dog pregnant?How long does it take to have puppies? How to tell if the Fuegian Dog breed is pregnant?

60-64 days

Reproductive cycle of the female Fuegian Dog: The first period called Proestrus lasts for about 9 days.

During this time the females start to attract males. You can notice by swelling vulva and bloody discharge.

The second part is the Estrus when the female is receptive for the male. It lasts for about 3 to 11 days.

The sign of the proestrus part is the soft and enlarged vulva. The discharge decreases and lightens in color.

The third part is the Diestrus. Normally, it occurs around day 14. In this period the female’s discharge changes for vivid red and coming to its end. The vulva returns to average, and she will no longer permit mating.

The fourth part called the Anestrus. The time frame between heat periods normally lasts about six months.

Litter Frequency

Once a year.

More frequent breeding is not healthy. It is very important not to buy a dog from a puppy mill, where the needs of the pups and their mothers are ignored. It's an inhumane high-volume dog breeding facility, where puppies born several times a year.
Litter Size
How many puppies can the Fuegian Dog have in a litter? How many puppies can the Fuegian Dog breed have for the first time? How many puppies does a Fuegian Dog have? How many puppies can a Fuegian Dog give birth to?
5-8 puppies

Fuegian Dog Recognition

AKC Group
Is Fuegian Dog recognized by the American Kennel Club?
Not recognized by the American Kennel Club.
FCI Group
Is Fuegian Dog recognized by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI)?
Not recognized by FCI.
Breed Recognition
What kennel clubs and organizations recognize or register the Fuegian Dog breed?
Not recognized by any clubs.

Fuegian Dog Pros and Cons

Pros
  • Health Issues: Very healthy dog breed.
  • Grooming: Effortless: The Fuegian Dog requires minimal grooming.
  • Drooling Tendency: The Fuegian Dog is a perfect example of a very low drooling tendency.
  • Stinkiness: The Fuegian Dog has a low chance of bad smell.
  • Weight Gain Potential / Prone to Obesity: Low: The Fuegian Dog has good luck with genetics.
  • Tolerates Being Left Alone: Fuegian Dogs love being alone, they need their own free time.
Cons
  • Trainability: A slightly harder to train than average.
  • Hypoallergenic: Fuegian Dogs don't do well with allergy sufferers by causing allergic reaction.
  • Apartment Friendly: Not an apartment-friendly dog the Fuegian Dog breed.
  • Watchdog Ability: Fuegian Dogs are not the best watchdogs.
  • Mouthiness: Fuegian Dogs have a strong tendency to nip, chew, play-bite, or herd people.
  • Impulse to Wander or Roam: Fuegian Dogs have high wanderlust potential, which means that this breed has a strong desire for exploring the world.
  • Adaptability: Fuegian Dogs adapt badly to lifestyle changes and different living environments.
  • Child Friendly: Fuegian Dogs are not kid-friendly dogs.
  • Cat Friendly: Fuegian Dogs are not cat-friendly dogs.
  • Dog Friendly: Fuegian Dogs are not the most dog-friendly dogs.
  • Office Friendly: Fuegian Dog is not the best dog breed for office environment.
  • Senior Citizens Friendly: Fuegian Dogs are not recommended for elderly people.
  • Good For First Time Owners: Fuegian Dogs are not good for novice owners, due to their stubborn personality.

Fuegian Dog History

Origins

The Fuegian Dog, also known as Yaghan Dog, is an extinct domesticated canine. However, the Gauchos, skilled horsemen, also called the breed ‘Maned Dog” because of its close resemblance with the Maned Wolf.

The breed originated somewhere around the 16th century in Chile. Moreover, the Fuegian Dog was believed to be a domesticated form of the culpeo, which is similar in appearance to true foxes but is actually more closely related to wolves and jackals and is classified as a separate genus within the South American foxes or zorros.

According to experts, it is important to highlight, that the Fuegian Dog is not descended from domesticated dogs, which were domesticated from an ancestor shared with the gray wolf nor from the domesticated silver fox which was domesticated from a melanistic population of the red fox.

There are very few remaining specimens of the Fuegian Dog. These include one in Museo Salesiano Maggiorino Borgatello in Chile, and another in the Fagnano Regional Museum in Tierra del Fuego, Argentina. Furthermore, the Selk’nam and the Yaghan native people kept these types of dogs and used them for a long time.

 

Characteristics / Behavior

Fuegian Dogs were tawny-colored or totally while, with erect ears, a pointed snout, and a thick tail. According to surviving pictures, they appeared to be a comparable size to the wild culpeo, which weighs 5 to 13,5 kg, or around the size of a Shetland Sheepdog.

It was described by a French navigator, Louis-Ferdinand Martial, who headed the 1883 scientific expedition to Cape Horn, as “ugly, with long tawny hair and a sharp snout, it looks quite like a fox”.

Although the Fuegian dog's distribution matched that of the Yaghan people, individual dogs were not faithful to their human masters.

"I never saw them, no matter how vast their number, show an aggressive attitude or defend their masters when these were in danger," Julius Popper said of the canines.

 

The breed’s job

The Fuegian Dog was used to hunt guanaco, however, they might have been used for hunting otters. The breed was also useful to humans in the way that they would gather around their owners to keep them warm in the cold weather.

 

How did the breed become extinct?

The Fuegian Dog became extinct in the early 20th century when they were exterminated by the Yaghans native.

In 199, the Silesian missionary Martin Gusinde visited the Yaghans and he was shocked to find out that their dogs were gone from the lands of Argentina and Chile.

Apparently, they had been exterminated because they were ‘dangerous to men and cattle’. Their fierce nature was also noted by Thomas Bridges in the 1880s, who wrote that the dogs attacked his mission’s goats.

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