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Norfolk Spaniel Information & Dog Breed Facts

Collection of all the general dog breed info about Norfolk Spaniel so you can get to know the breed more.

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OriginUnited Kingdom
Other Names
What other names does the Norfolk Spaniel have? The dog breed also known as...
Shropshire Spaniel
Breed Type
What type of dog breed is it?
Purebred
AKC Group
Is Norfolk Spaniel recognized by the American Kennel Club?
Not recognized by the American Kennel Club.
FCI Group
Is Norfolk Spaniel recognized by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI)?
Not recognized by FCI.
Price
How much does the Norfolk Spaniel puppy cost? What is the price range of this puppy? What is the average price of this dog in the United States? Is this puppy expensive? How much should I pay for it? Norfolk Spaniel price:
Unavailable
Unfortunately the Norfolk Spaniel is an extinct dog breed, so there isn’t any available price range or breeder in the world for purchasing this breed.

History

Originally the Norfolk Spaniel was bred by an unspecified Duke of Norfolk with the intention of using the dogs as a bird and gun dog, capable of chasing birds out of their nests on the ground and in water. This breed is possibly Europe’s oldest gun dog and is known to be the most similar to other Spaniel breeds. The breed is the ancestor of the small to medium size, longer coated Spaniels. Since the Norfolk Spaniel had been around longer than records were taken about dogs, there is not much specific information to know about them.

The name Spaniel translates to “Spanish”, because of which, many experts originate the breed from Spain, yet this theory is false, for the reason that spaniels were famous long before Spain even formed a kingdom. Since 1066 spaniels had been around France and England.

In the 18th century, spaniels were separated into three categories: toy, water, and land spaniels. They placed the Norfolk Spaniel within the Springer Spaniel into the land spaniel category. By the mid-1800s the breed was considered to be the most common breed in England. In 1855 The Spaniel Club was formed, and they gave a breed standard for the Norfolk Spaniel, recognizing it as an independent type of spaniel. By the end of the 1890s, the breed had become widespread across the English counties. Its history was questionable, so it had inspired several writers to delve deeper into the authenticity of the dog’s origin. One of the writers was Rawdon Briggs Lee who thought that the breed was not a purebred and that it has ever been indigenous to Norfolk. Moreover, his theory got backed up by F. H. F. Mercer, stating that the Norfolk Spaniel’s signature liver and white colors are just a result of breeding different colored spaniels with each other.

In 1902, The Kennel Club of the United Kingdom designated Norfolk Spaniels under English Springer Spaniel, regarding the fact that the two breed’s only difference is that the Norfolk Spaniel is more likely to have a white-liver colored coat.

There is still much debate about whether the Norfolk Spaniel should be separated as a unique breed, even the existence of the breed is questionable. It is concluded that the breed had gone extinct before World War I., albeit some believe that they are exactly the same as English Springer Spaniels.

General Appearance

Size
What size is this breed? How big is this dog? Norfolk Spaniel size:
Medium
Weight
How much does the Norfolk Spaniel weigh? Norfolk Spaniel weight:
30-50 pounds (13-23 kg)
Avg. Weight
What is the average weight of the Norfolk Spaniel? Norfolk Spaniel average weight:
40 pounds (18 kg)
Height
How tall is the Norfolk Spaniel? Norfolk Spaniel height:
16-19 inches (41-48 cm)
Avg. Height
What is the average height of this fido? Norfolk Spaniel average height:
17.5 inches (44.5 cm)

Hair & Care

Coat
What type of coat does the Norfolk Spaniel have? What does this canine coat look like?
Feathered
Colors
What color is the breed's coat? What color is a proper Norfolk Spaniel's coat?
White & Black
Grooming
How to groom the Norfolk Spaniel and how often?
Easy to groom: The Norfolk Spaniel doesn't require a lot of grooming. Seasonal flea treatment is needed, but cutting the dog's hair by a professional groomer isn't necessary. Ears and eyes should be cleaned regularly to avoid infections. Norfolk Spaniel is a good choice if you don't have the time, skill or money to take care of a high maintenance dog. Recommended for beginners.
Shedding Level
How much do Norfolk Spaniel dogs shed? How to control, reduce and prevent the shedding of the Shropshire Spaniel? Norfolk Spaniel shedding level:
Norfolk Spaniels shed moderately. It's a natural process of the hair growth cycle. Regular brushing reduces the amount of hair that sheds. It mostly depends on their health status and breed type.

Characteristics

Temperament
What kind of personality does the Norfolk Spaniel have? What characteristics does the breed have?
LoyalAffectionateHunting
Intelligent Rank
How smart is the Norfolk Spaniel? Are they intelligent?
Smart: Norfolk Spaniel's has great intelligence. They understand and memorize new commands in 15-25 repetitions.
Trainability
Are Norfolk Spaniel dogs easy to train? Do they go well on dog training?
Norfolk Spaniels aren't famous for their trainability. This breed needs more time and repetition to obey. It's challenging to teach them new commands, but not impossible.
Playfulness
How playful is this breed?
The Norfolk Spaniel is a playful breed. Excited barking and sometimes nipping will alert you to play.
Sensitivity Level
How sensitive are they? Norfolk Spaniel sensitivity:
Norfolk Spaniels don't like an irregular daily routine, noisy household and frequent guest visits. This breed emotional level reflects their owner's feelings and they don't handle punishments well.
Affection Level
How affectionate are they?
Norfolk Spaniels are genuinely loyal, soft and gentle, loving and affectionate dogs toward their handlers. They enjoy quality time with their owners despite the activity and considered as a great therapy dog for those in need. This breed responds strongly to their handler's emotions because they bond closely. Their happiness is your happiness.
Social Needs
How much social interaction does the Shropshire Spaniel need? Norfolk Spaniel social needs:
Norfolk Spaniels need a lot of social interaction. They desire to always be with someone or around people. This breed hates being left alone.
Barking
Do Norfolk Spaniel dogs bark a lot? Why does my Shropshire Spaniel bark?
Average: The Norfolk Spaniel barks occasionally. They can change their barks depending on their emotional level and what they're trying to say. Different barks could mean the same and same barks could have a different meaning. Top reasons for barking: protection, alarm, fear, boredom, attention seeking, greeting, separation anxiety, compulsive barking.
Watchdog Ability
Is Norfolk Spaniel good as a watchdog?
Norfolk Spaniels are good watchdogs. Their main job is to observe and they're consistent in their effort. Good vocal cords and sense of hearing belong to them. Usually, they're territorial and protective about their property, so the Norfolk Spaniels will alert you if they sense something different.
Territorial
Do Norfolk Spaniel dogs have an aggressive behavior to protect their territory?
Norfolk Spaniels are average defenders. Some dogs are very protective of their territory, while others easily let a stranger to trespass. This breed is not sure to defend his territory in every situation.
Biting Potential
Do Norfolk Spaniel bite humans? How likely are you to get bitten from the Shropshire Spaniel? What are the odds of getting bitten by a Norfolk Spaniel? Why do dog bites happen?
Low
The Norfolk Spaniel has a low chance of biting somebody. Top reasons for dog bite: protection, pain, excitement, herding instinct, being provoked. (Data based on the available online bite statistics.)
Mouthiness
How much mouthing/nipping/play biting does the Norfolk Spaniel do?
Norfolk Spaniels have an average tendency to nip, chew, play-bite, or herd people. It's a common habit during puppyhood, not aggressive behavior. These "bites" don't hurt, but Norfolk Spaniels need to be taught for a good attitude.
Impulse to Wander or Roam
How likely is the Norfolk Spaniel to run away? Does this breed explore or wander a lot? Does Norfolk Spaniel roam?
Norfolk Spaniels are not the biggest explorers. They have low wanderlust potential. Low chance for escaping from home with this breed.
Prey Drive
Do this canine have a strong prey drive? Does Norfolk Spaniel have high prey drive?
Norfolk Spaniels have a high impulse to chase and catch something. Cats or any other small animals are in danger. It's a natural instinct, doesn't necessarily mean that Norfolk Spaniel dogs are aggressive. Better to keep this breed on a leash.
Apartment Friendly
Is Norfolk Spaniel good as an apartment dog? Can they live in a flat?
Norfolk Spaniels are apartment-friendly dogs. Besides the daily walks outside they don't require a big garden.
Adaptability
Are they adaptable and easy-going?
Norfolk Spaniels adapt very well to lifestyle changes and basically all living environments. They don't mind moving from one place to another with their owner.
Tolerates Being Left Alone
Can you leave this breed home alone?
Norfolk Spaniels tend to have separation anxiety when their owners left them alone at home because they bond very closely with them.
Fighting Dog
Where Norfolk Spaniel dogs used as a fighting dog in the history?
Not really
In history, this breed was not really used for combat dog.

Good With

Stranger Friendly
Are they friendly with strangers?
Norfolk Spaniels are stranger friendly dogs.
Child Friendly
Are Norfolk Spaniel dogs kid-friendly? Are they good with young children? Norfolk Spaniel and children:
Norfolk Spaniels are kid-friendly dogs. This breed is a good choice if you have children.
Cat Friendly
How well do Norfolk Spaniel dogs get along with cats? Are they good with kittens? What is this fido's temperament with cats?
Norfolk Spaniels are average friendly towards cats.
Dog Friendly
Is Norfolk Spaniel good with other dogs? Are they dog-friendly dogs? How well do Norfolk Spaniel dogs get along with other dogs? What is this canine temperament with other dogs?
Norfolk Spaniels are very dog-friendly dogs. If you want more dogs in your family or you'd like to join dog meetups, the Norfolk Spaniel can be a great choice.
Office Friendly
Are Norfolk Spaniels good office dogs? Do Norfolk Spaniels make good office friendly dogs? Can Norfolk Spaniels be office dogs?
No
Norfolk Spaniel is not the best dog breed for office environment.
Senior Citizens Friendly
Are they senior citizens friendly dogs? How well do Norfolk Spaniel dogs get along with the elderly people? What is the Shropshire Spaniel temperament with senior people? Are Norfolk Spaniel dogs good for elderly owners?
Norfolk Spaniels are usually recommended for elderly people.
Pet Friendly
Are they pet-friendly dogs? How well do Norfolk Spaniel dogs get along with other pets? Are Norfolk Spaniel dogs good with pets? What is this canine temperament with other pets?
Norfolk Spaniels are generally with other pets.
Good For First Time Owners
Is Norfolk Spaniel breed good for first-time owners? Do they make a good dog for novice owners?
No
Norfolk Spaniels are not good for novice owners, due to their stubborn personality.
Service Dog
Are they good as service dogs? Can Norfolk Spaniel be a service dog?
Not really
This breed generally not used as a service dog. A service dog is a term used in the USA to refer to any type of assistance dog specifically trained to help people who have disabilities, such as visual impairment, hearing impairments, mental disorders, seizures, mobility impairment, and diabetes. Service dogs are protected under the ADA (Americans with Disabilities Act). Norfolk Spaniel is not the best breed for service purposes.
Therapy Dog
Are they good as therapy dogs? Can Norfolk Spaniel be a therapy dog?
Not really
This breed generally not used as a therapy dog. A therapy dog is a dog that might be trained to provide affection, comfort, and love to people in hospitals, retirement homes, nursing homes, schools, hospices, disaster areas, and to people with anxiety disorders or autism. Norfolk Spaniel is not the best breed for therapeutic purposes.
Detection Dog or Sniffer Dog
Are they good as detection dogs? Can Norfolk Spaniel be a sniffer dog?
Not really
A detection dog or sniffer dog is a dog that is trained to use its senses (mostly its smell) to detect substances such as explosives, illegal drugs, wildlife scat, currency, blood, and contraband electronics such as illicit mobile phones. Norfolk Spaniel is not the best breed for detection purposes.
Search and Rescue Dog (SAR)
Are they good as SAR dogs? Can Norfolk Spaniel be a search and rescue dog?
Not really
The use of dogs in search and rescue (SAR) is a valuable component in wilderness tracking, natural disasters, mass casualty events, and in locating missing people. The Norfolk Spaniel is not the best breed for SAR purposes.
Boat Dog
Are they good as boat dogs? Can Norfolk Spaniel be a boat dog?
Not really
Norfolk Spaniel breed usually doesn't like being on a boat.
Cart Pulling or Drafting Dog
Are they good as cart pulling dogs? Can Norfolk Spaniel be a drafting dog?
Not really
A drafting dog or draft dog is a dog bred and used for cart pulling. Dogs bred for this work have strong builds and qualities that are needed, strength and determination. Norfolk Spaniel is not the best breed for drafting purposes.

Health Factors

Health Issues
Is it a healthy breed? Do Norfolk Spaniel dogs have health problems?
The Norfolk Spaniel is a healthy breed, but there are certain health issues that you should check with your vet regularly.
Life Expectancy
How long do Norfolk Spaniel dogs live? What is the average lifespan of this breed? How old can a Norfolk Spaniel be?
11-14 years
Hypoallergenic
Is the Norfolk Spaniel breed hypoallergenic?
No
Norfolk Spaniels don't do well with allergy sufferers by causing allergic reaction. Some of the dog breeds are even considered to higher the possibility of an allergic response. Coat type isn't necessarily relevant, because most people are allergic to dander (flakes on the dog's skin) or saliva, not actually to dog hair.
Energy Level
How much energy does the Norfolk Spaniel have?
Norfolk Spaniels have a higher energy level than other dog breeds. If you want a dog for snuggling on the couch, this breed isn't the perfect choice for you.
Exercise Need
How much exercise does this dog need? How much exercise do Norfolk Spaniel dogs require per day?
Norfolk Spaniels exercise need is minimal. If you live a slow life, this breed can be a good choice for you.
Sleeping Need
How much sleep does this fido need?
Norfolk Spaniels are quite energetic dogs and they don't spend to much time with sleeping. If you live an active life, this breed can be a good choice for you.
Avg. daily food consumption
How much food does the Norfolk Spaniel need? How often should I feed my canine? What dog products should I buy?
1.5 to 2.5 cups of high-quality dry food a day, divided into two meals.
Weight Gain Potential
How easy to gain weight for this dog? Norfolk Spaniel risk for obesity:
Average to High. If you don't pay attention to the Norfolk Spaniel's weight, he can easily gain weight. More than one daily walk should be on schedule. To make your dog happy and fit, feed him with quality dry dog food and live an active life together. Try to find the happy medium between exercise and feeding. If you notice any weight gain, consult your veterinarian and make a diet plan. Reduce unhealthy food and snacks, and measure the Norfolk Spaniel's weight regularly.
Weather & Climate
Which weather condition is preferred by this dog? Can they tolerate hot and cold weather & climate?
Prefers average to cold weather conditions
The Norfolk Spaniel can adapt to well to cold weather conditions, some dogs even can be a good mountain dog.
Stinkiness
How stinky is this dog? Why does it smell bad and how to get rid of the smell?
Medium
The Norfolk Spaniel has an average chance of bad smell. Top reasons for dog stinkiness: infection of bad tooth/ear/skin folds, gas attacks.
Drooling tendency
Does the Norfolk Spaniel drool?
The Norfolk Spaniel is a perfect example for very low drooling tendency. If you're disgusted by slobber spots on your clothes, the Norfolk Spaniel could be a perfect choice for you. Drooling is the unintentional saliva flowing outside of the mouth. It can be completely normal or a sign of a health problem. Certain dog breeds drool minimal compared to others, just like the Norfolk Spaniel. If you notice any change in your dog's drooling habit, you should contact a vet as soon as possible.

Reproducibility

Gestation Length
How long does this dog's pregnancy last? How long is the Norfolk Spaniel pregnant? How long does it take to have this dog puppies? Norfolk Spaniel pregnancy time period:
60-64 days
Reproductive cycle of the female Norfolk Spaniel: The first period called Proestrus lasts for about 9 days. During this time the females start to attract males. You can notice by swelling vulva and bloody discharge. The second part is the Estrus when the bitch is receptive for the male. It lasts for about 3 to 11 days. The sign of the proestrus part is the soft and enlarged vulva. The discharge decreases and lightens in color. The third part is the Diestrus. Normally, it occurs around day 14. In this period the bitch’s discharge changes for vivid red and coming to its end. The vulva returns to average, and she will no longer permit mating. The fourth part called the Anestrus. The time frame between heat periods normally lasts about six months.
How often can the Norfolk Spaniel have a litter? Once a year.
More frequent breeding is not healthy. It is very important not to buy a dog from a puppy mill, where the needs of the pups and their mothers are ignored. It's an inhumane high-volume dog breeding facility, where puppies born several times a year.
Litter Size
How many puppies can the Norfolk Spaniel have? What is the average litter size of this fido?
4-10 puppies

Pros & Cons of Norfolk Spaniel

Pros
  • Intelligent Rank: Smart: Norfolk Spaniel's has great intelligence.
  • Apartment Friendly: Norfolk Spaniels are apartment-friendly dogs.
  • Grooming: Easy to groom: The Norfolk Spaniel doesn't require a lot of grooming.
  • Drooling tendency: The Norfolk Spaniel is a perfect example for very low drooling tendency.
  • Watchdog Ability: Norfolk Spaniels are good watchdogs.
  • Impulse to Wander or Roam: Norfolk Spaniels are not the biggest explorers.
  • Adaptability: Norfolk Spaniels adapt very well to lifestyle changes and basically all living environments.
  • Child Friendly: Norfolk Spaniels are kid-friendly dogs.
  • Dog Friendly: Norfolk Spaniels are very dog-friendly dogs.
  • Senior Citizens Friendly: Norfolk Spaniels are usually recommended for elderly people.
Cons
  • Trainability: Norfolk Spaniels aren't famous for their trainability.
  • Hypoallergenic: Norfolk Spaniels don't do well with allergy sufferers by causing allergic reaction.
  • Weight Gain Potential: Average to High.
  • Tolerates Being Left Alone: Norfolk Spaniels tend to have separation anxiety when their owners left them alone at home because they bond very closely with them.
  • Office Friendly: Norfolk Spaniel is not the best dog breed for office environment.
  • Good For First Time Owners: Norfolk Spaniels are not good for novice owners, due to their stubborn personality.

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