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Spanish Mastiff Information & Dog Breed Facts

Collection of all the general dog breed info about Spanish Mastiff so you can get to know the breed more.

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Spanish Mastiff
OriginSpain
Other Names
What other names does the Spanish Mastiff have? The dog breed also known as...
Mastín Español, Mastín de España, Mastin de la Mancha, Mastin de Extremadura, Mastin de Leon
Breed Type
What type of dog breed is it?
Purebred
AKC Group
Is Spanish Mastiff recognized by the American Kennel Club?
Not recognized by the American Kennel Club.
FCI Group
Is Spanish Mastiff recognized by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI)?
Recognized by FCI in the Pinscher and Schnauzer - Molossoid and Swiss Mountain and Cattledogs group, in the Molossian type section.
Breed Recognition
What kennel clubs and organizations recognize or register the Spanish Mastiff breed?
American Canine RegistryAmerica's Pet RegistryDog Registry of America Inc.Federation Cynologique InternationaleNorth American Purebred Registry, Inc.American Canine Association, Inc.Continental Kennel ClubNational Kennel ClubUnited Kennel ClubAmerican Rare Breed AssociationFoundation Stock Service
Price
How much does the Spanish Mastiff puppy cost? What is the price range of this puppy? What is the average price of this dog in the United States? Is this puppy expensive? How much should I pay for it? Spanish Mastiff price:
$600-$800
If you choose to purchase the Spanish Mastiff, you should know that the mentioned amount of money is an average of the collected data from breeders’ sites and puppy finder places. If you have a Spanish Mastiff for sale, please advertise it on a reliable website to make sure the Spanish Mastiff gets to a happy place.

Spanish Mastiff History

The Spanish Mastiff, once was also known as Mastiff of Leon (a Spanish town in the North), Mastiff of Extremadura (a region in the South West of Spain) and Mastiff od Castilla-la-Mancha (a region in the South of Madrid). However, people don’t exactly know where the Spanish Mastiff comes from, though the breed is certainly native to Spain and it has likely existed for over a thousand years. Many people claim that the breed is a distant relative of the ancient Molosser dog of southern Europe , with written record from 2000 years ago referencing to white Mastiffs. Other people believe that the Mastiff has come from the famous Tibetan Mastiff, who was mentioned by Marco Polo, but this claim is without any scientific base.

Furthermore, the Spanish Mastiff has been used as a guarding of livestock and property, as well as a herding dog. The shepherds would use only one dog for one hundred sheep, and the canines would blend nicely with the flock thanks to their light coloured coat. The dogs’ coats also helped to protect them from the harsh weather in the Spanish mountains. Moreover the breed was always very connected to the flock of sheep and defended them against wolves and thieves. Written documents from 1526 show that they were usually Marino sheep, which meant that they were extremely valuable to the Spanish people and would migrate from south to north each year accompanied by the Spanish Mastiff. The breed’s role as a guardian dog on farms and on their temporary movements towards south or north had a huge significance in the past. During the thousand years a balanced character was developed, without showing aggressivity. Additionally, they were so popular that even images of them can be seen in Spanish art and literature. For example in Diego Velázquez’s painting Las Meninas, created in 1657, a brown Spanish Mastiff type dog can be seen at the front of the children, lying peacefully. There was a time when their numbers were decreasing due to the end of the sheep movements and the disappearing of the wolves but the breed has recovered its position especially in places where there have always been wolves. Given their huge contribution to history, it is no surprise that the Spanish Mastiff remains popular in Spain even today and the breed has even been named the national dog. However, surprisingly it is very rare outside of its home country. Although in Spain, these dogs are still kept as working dogs by many farmers and can also be seen at dog shows and within family homes as a pet and guard dog.

While there are record of the Spanish Mastiff dating back for many years, it was only in 1946 that their breed standard was eventually written and in 2008 the Spanish Mastiff entered into the American Kennel Club’s Foundation Stock Service group.

Spanish Mastiff General Appearance

Size
What size is this breed? How big is this dog? Spanish Mastiff size:
Giant
Weight
How much does the Spanish Mastiff weigh? Spanish Mastiff weight:
Male: 185-220 pounds (90-100 kg), Female: 145-170 pounds (52-77 kg)
Avg. Weight
What is the average weight of the Spanish Mastiff? Spanish Mastiff average weight:
Male: 202.5 pounds (95 kg), Female: 157.5 pounds (64.5 kg)
Height
How tall is the Spanish Mastiff? Spanish Mastiff height:
28-35 inches (72-88 cm)
Avg. Height
What is the average height of this fido? Spanish Mastiff average height:
31.5 inches (80 cm)

Spanish Mastiff Hair & Care

Coat
What type of coat does the Spanish Mastiff have? What does this canine coat look like?
DenseThickStraight
Colors
What color is the breed's coat? What color is a proper Spanish Mastiff's coat?
FawnYellowBrindleSableBlack
Grooming
How to groom the Spanish Mastiff and how often?
Easy to groom: The Spanish Mastiff doesn't require a lot of grooming. Seasonal flea treatment is needed, but cutting the dog's hair by a professional groomer isn't necessary. Ears and eyes should be cleaned regularly to avoid infections. Spanish Mastiff is a good choice if you don't have the time, skill or money to take care of a high maintenance dog. Recommended for beginners.
Shedding Level
How much do Spanish Mastiff dogs shed? How to control, reduce and prevent the shedding of the Mastín Español? Spanish Mastiff shedding level:
Spanish Mastiffs shed moderately. It's a natural process of the hair growth cycle. Regular brushing reduces the amount of hair that sheds. It mostly depends on their health status and breed type.

Spanish Mastiff Characteristics

Temperament
What kind of personality does the Spanish Mastiff have? What characteristics does the breed have?
AffectionateIntelligentSelfishDeterminedNoble
Intelligent Rank
How smart is the Spanish Mastiff? Are they intelligent?
Average: Spanish Mastiff's has average obedience intelligence. Patience is needed for teaching this breed to any tricks and commands though, but it's worth the effort. They understand and memorize new commands in 25-40 repetitions. This breed obeys for the first command 50% of the time or better.
Trainability
Are Spanish Mastiff dogs easy to train? Do they go well on dog training?
Spanish Mastiffs are quite easy to train. Sometimes they can be challenging, but if you're consistent in teaching new commands they will obey for sure.
Playfulness
How playful is this breed?
Spanish Mastiffs, like any other dog breed, like playing. Sometimes they bark as excitement for playing, but they are not the most playful dog breed.
Sensitivity Level
How sensitive are they? Spanish Mastiff sensitivity:
They are a little bit more sensitive than other dog breeds. Soft punishment affects them emotionally. Spanish Mastiffs don't tolerate irregular daily routine, noisy household and frequent guest visits really well. They are receptive to their owner's emotions and make wonderful family companions.
Affection Level
How affectionate are they?
Spanish Mastiffs are genuinely loyal, soft and gentle, loving and affectionate dogs toward their handlers. They enjoy quality time with their owners despite the activity and considered as a great therapy dog for those in need. This breed responds strongly to their handler's emotions because they bond closely. Their happiness is your happiness.
Social Needs
How much social interaction does the Mastín Español need? Spanish Mastiff social needs:
Spanish Mastiffs need for social interaction is average. This breed likes being around people or other animals, but they don't mind being left alone for a few hours either.
Barking
Do Spanish Mastiff dogs bark a lot? Why does my Mastín de España bark?
Low to Average: The Spanish Mastiff rarely barks. This breed could be a good choice if you're looking for a quiet breed. They don't bark unless there is a good reason. Top reasons for barking: protection, alarm, fear, boredom, attention seeking, greeting, separation anxiety, compulsive barking.
Watchdog Ability
Is Spanish Mastiff good as a watchdog?
Spanish Mastiffs are good watchdogs. Their main job is to observe and they're consistent in their effort. Good vocal cords and sense of hearing belong to them. Usually, they're territorial and protective about their property, so the Spanish Mastiffs will alert you if they sense something different.
Territorial
Do Spanish Mastiff dogs have an aggressive behavior to protect their territory?
Spanish Mastiffs are extremely protective guard dogs. This breed doesn't hesitate to protect their territory so the Spanish Mastiff can be a good choice if you want an excellent guard dog. Keep calm and the Spanish Mastiff will take care of unwanted people or animals.
Biting Potential
Do Spanish Mastiff bite humans? How likely are you to get bitten from the Mastín Español? What are the odds of getting bitten by a Spanish Mastiff? Why do dog bites happen?
Low
The Spanish Mastiff has a low chance of biting somebody. Top reasons for dog bite: protection, pain, excitement, herding instinct, being provoked. (Data based on the available online bite statistics.)
Mouthiness
How much mouthing/nipping/play biting does the Spanish Mastiff do?
Spanish Mastiffs have an average tendency to nip, chew, play-bite, or herd people. It's a common habit during puppyhood, not aggressive behavior. These "bites" don't hurt, but Spanish Mastiffs need to be taught for a good attitude.
Impulse to Wander or Roam
How likely is the Spanish Mastiff to run away? Does this breed explore or wander a lot? Does Spanish Mastiff roam?
Spanish Mastiffs have average wanderlust potential. Sometimes they like to explore the world and they might escape once or twice, but usually, they prefer staying safely at home. Safer to teach them how to get back to you on command.
Prey Drive
Do this canine have a strong prey drive? Does Spanish Mastiff have high prey drive?
Spanish Mastiffs have an average prey drive, which means that they don't have a high impulse to chase and catch something like a cat or any other small aminals, but it might happen. Training can help to achieve good behavior.
Apartment Friendly
Is Spanish Mastiff good as an apartment dog? Can they live in a flat?
Spanish Mastiffs are not apartment-friendly dogs. If you don't have a garden, you may have to reconsider your choice for having a puppy from this breed.
Adaptability
Are they adaptable and easy-going?
Spanish Mastiffs adapt to lifestyle changes and different living environments quite okay usually.
Tolerates Being Left Alone
Can you leave this breed home alone?
Just like every puppy, they are prone to panic, cry, bark, whine when they left alone by their owner. With proper socialization and quality time with the dog can solve this problem.
Fighting Dog
Where Spanish Mastiff dogs used as a fighting dog in the history?
Not really
In history, this breed was not really used for combat dog.

Spanish Mastiff Good With

Stranger Friendly
Are they friendly with strangers?
Spanish Mastiffs are average friendly towards strangers.
Child Friendly
Are Spanish Mastiff dogs kid-friendly? Are they good with young children? Spanish Mastiff and children:
Spanish Mastiffs are kid-friendly dogs. This breed is a good choice if you have children.
Cat Friendly
How well do Spanish Mastiff dogs get along with cats? Are they good with kittens? What is this fido's temperament with cats?
Spanish Mastiffs are average friendly towards cats.
Dog Friendly
Is Spanish Mastiff good with other dogs? Are they dog-friendly dogs? How well do Spanish Mastiff dogs get along with other dogs? What is this canine temperament with other dogs?
Spanish Mastiffs are average friendly towards other dogs.
Office Friendly
Are Spanish Mastiffs good office dogs? Do Spanish Mastiffs make good office friendly dogs? Can Spanish Mastiffs be office dogs?
No
Spanish Mastiff is not the best dog breed for office environment.
Senior Citizens Friendly
Are they senior citizens friendly dogs? How well do Spanish Mastiff dogs get along with the elderly people? What is the Mastín Español temperament with senior people? Are Spanish Mastiff dogs good for elderly owners?
Spanish Mastiffs are usually recommended for elderly people.
Pet Friendly
Are they pet-friendly dogs? How well do Spanish Mastiff dogs get along with other pets? Are Spanish Mastiff dogs good with pets? What is this canine temperament with other pets?
Spanish Mastiffs are generally with other pets.
Good For First Time Owners
Is Spanish Mastiff breed good for first-time owners? Do they make a good dog for novice owners?
No
Spanish Mastiffs are not good for novice owners, due to their stubborn personality.
Service Dog
Are they good as service dogs? Can Spanish Mastiff be a service dog?
Not really
This breed generally not used as a service dog. A service dog is a term used in the USA to refer to any type of assistance dog specifically trained to help people who have disabilities, such as visual impairment, hearing impairments, mental disorders, seizures, mobility impairment, and diabetes. Service dogs are protected under the ADA (Americans with Disabilities Act). Spanish Mastiff is not the best breed for service purposes.
Therapy Dog
Are they good as therapy dogs? Can Spanish Mastiff be a therapy dog?
Not really
This breed generally not used as a therapy dog. A therapy dog is a dog that might be trained to provide affection, comfort, and love to people in hospitals, retirement homes, nursing homes, schools, hospices, disaster areas, and to people with anxiety disorders or autism. Spanish Mastiff is not the best breed for therapeutic purposes.
Detection Dog or Sniffer Dog
Are they good as detection dogs? Can Spanish Mastiff be a sniffer dog?
Not really
A detection dog or sniffer dog is a dog that is trained to use its senses (mostly its smell) to detect substances such as explosives, illegal drugs, wildlife scat, currency, blood, and contraband electronics such as illicit mobile phones. Spanish Mastiff is not the best breed for detection purposes.
Search and Rescue Dog (SAR)
Are they good as SAR dogs? Can Spanish Mastiff be a search and rescue dog?
Not really
The use of dogs in search and rescue (SAR) is a valuable component in wilderness tracking, natural disasters, mass casualty events, and in locating missing people. The Spanish Mastiff is not the best breed for SAR purposes.
Boat Dog
Are they good as boat dogs? Can Spanish Mastiff be a boat dog?
Not really
Spanish Mastiff breed usually doesn't like being on a boat.
Cart Pulling or Drafting Dog
Are they good as cart pulling dogs? Can Spanish Mastiff be a drafting dog?
Yes
A drafting dog or draft dog is a dog bred and used for cart pulling. Dogs bred for this work have strong builds and qualities that are needed, strength and determination. Spanish Mastiff breed is a good choice for drafting purposes.

Spanish Mastiff Health Factors

Health Issues
Is it a healthy breed? Do Spanish Mastiff dogs have health problems?
Spanish Mastiffs tend to have more and frequent health issues than other breeds. Regular vet check-ups are needed.
Health Problems
What health problems does the Spanish Mastiff breed have? What are the health issues and concerns of the Spanish Mastiff breed? Health risks of Spanish Mastiff:
BloatCancerDental ProblemsElbow DysplasiaEntropionHeart ProblemsHip DysplasiaHypothyroidismJoint DysplasiaObesityPanosteitis
Life Expectancy
How long do Spanish Mastiff dogs live? What is the average lifespan of this breed? How old can a Spanish Mastiff be?
10-12 years
Hypoallergenic
Is the Spanish Mastiff breed hypoallergenic?
No
Spanish Mastiffs don't do well with allergy sufferers by causing allergic reaction. Some of the dog breeds are even considered to higher the possibility of an allergic response. Coat type isn't necessarily relevant, because most people are allergic to dander (flakes on the dog's skin) or saliva, not actually to dog hair.
Energy Level
How much energy does the Spanish Mastiff have?
Spanish Mastiffs have an average energy level, so if you live a semi-active life, this breed can be a good choice for you.
Exercise Need
How much exercise does this dog need? How much exercise do Spanish Mastiff dogs require per day?
Spanish Mastiffs have an average exercise need. This breed is satisfied with short walks every weekday and a long one on weekends.
Sleeping Need
How much sleep does this fido need?
Spanish Mastiffs sleep 12-14 hours a day as an average dog and they're not considered as a lazy breed.
Avg. daily food consumption
How much food does the Spanish Mastiff need? How often should I feed my canine? What dog products should I buy?
8 to 10 cups of high-quality dry food a day, divided into two meals
Weight Gain Potential
How easy to gain weight for this dog? Spanish Mastiff risk for obesity:
High: The Spanish Mastiff breed has a strong tendency to overweight. Try to find the happy medium between exercise and feeding. If you want to keep balance, increase the amount and frequency of your daily dog walk and play with the Spanish Mastiff more often. If you notice any weight gain, consult your veterinarian and make a diet plan. Reduce unhealthy food and snacks, and measure the Spanish Mastiff's weight regularly.
Weather & Climate
Which weather condition is preferred by this dog? Can they tolerate hot and cold weather & climate?
Tolerates warm and cold weather.
Stinkiness
How stinky is this dog? Why does it smell bad and how to get rid of the smell?
High
The Spanish Mastiff has a high chance of bad smell. Top reasons for dog stinkiness: infection of bad tooth/ear/skin folds, gas attacks.
Drooling tendency
Does the Spanish Mastiff drool?
The Spanish Mastiff drools quite a lot, so if you dislike being covered by slobber spots on your clothes, you may want to choose another dog breed. Drooling is the unintentional saliva flowing outside of the mouth. It can be completely normal or a sign of a health problem. Certain dog breeds drool more than others, just like the Spanish Mastiff. If you notice any change in your dog's drooling habit, you should contact a vet as soon as possible.

Spanish Mastiff Reproducibility

Gestation Length
How long does this dog's pregnancy last? How long does this dog pregnant? How long does it take to have puppies?
60-64 days
Reproductive cycle of the female Spanish Mastiff: The first period called Proestrus lasts for about 9 days. During this time the females start to attract males. You can notice by swelling vulva and bloody discharge. The second part is the Estrus when the bitch is receptive for the male. It lasts for about 3 to 11 days. The sign of the proestrus part is the soft and enlarged vulva. The discharge decreases and lightens in color. The third part is the Diestrus. Normally, it occurs around day 14. In this period the bitch’s discharge changes for vivid red and coming to its end. The vulva returns to average, and she will no longer permit mating. The fourth part called the Anestrus. The time frame between heat periods normally lasts about six months.
How often can the Spanish Mastiff have a litter? Once a year.
More frequent breeding is not healthy. It is very important not to buy a dog from a puppy mill, where the needs of the pups and their mothers are ignored. It's an inhumane high-volume dog breeding facility, where puppies born several times a year.
Litter Size
How many puppies can the Spanish Mastiff have? What is the average litter size of this fido?
3-6 puppies

Spanish Mastiff Pros & Cons

Pros
  • Grooming: Easy to groom: The Spanish Mastiff doesn't require a lot of grooming.
  • Watchdog Ability: Spanish Mastiffs are good watchdogs.
  • Child Friendly: Spanish Mastiffs are kid-friendly dogs.
  • Senior Citizens Friendly: Spanish Mastiffs are usually recommended for elderly people.
  • Cart Pulling or Drafting Dog: A drafting dog or draft dog is a dog bred and used for cart pulling.
Cons
  • Health Issues: Spanish Mastiffs tend to have more and frequent health issues than other breeds.
  • Hypoallergenic: Spanish Mastiffs don't do well with allergy sufferers by causing allergic reaction.
  • Apartment Friendly: Spanish Mastiffs are not apartment-friendly dogs.
  • Drooling tendency: The Spanish Mastiff drools quite a lot, so if you dislike being covered by slobber spots on your clothes, you may want to choose another dog breed.
  • Stinkiness: The Spanish Mastiff has a high chance of bad smell.
  • Weight Gain Potential: High: The Spanish Mastiff breed has a strong tendency to overweight.
  • Office Friendly: Spanish Mastiff is not the best dog breed for office environment.
  • Good For First Time Owners: Spanish Mastiffs are not good for novice owners, due to their stubborn personality.

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