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Cairn Terrier vs Jack Russell Terrier vs Parson Russell Terrier – Which one is a better dog breed for you?

"Find similarities and differences between Cairn Terrier vs Jack Russell Terrier vs Parson Russell Terrier" Compare Cairn Terrier and Jack Russell Terrier. Which is better: Cairn Terrier or Jack Russell Terrier or Parson Russell Terrier?
Name Cairn Terrier Jack Russell Terrier Parson Russell Terrier
OriginsScotland England England
Group Hunting Dogs Hunting Dogs Hunting Dogs
Popularity Rank6978119
Reviews000
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Other Names Cairn, Toto Dog Russell Terrier, JRT, Jack Jack Russell Terrier, Parson, Parson Jack Russell Terrier
Breed Type Purebred Purebred Purebred
AKC Group Recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1913 as a Terrier breed. Recognized by the American Kennel Club in 2012 as a Terrier breed. Recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1997 as a Terrier breed.
FCI Group Recognized by FCI in the Terriers group, in the Small sized Terriers section. Recognized by FCI in the Terriers group, in the Small sized Terriers section. Recognized by FCI in the Terriers group, in the Large and medium sized Terriers section.
Breed Recognition American Canine Registry American Kennel Club America's Pet Registry Canadian Kennel Club Dog Registry of America Inc. Federation Cynologique Internationale Kennel Club of Great Britain North American Purebred Registry, Inc. American Canine Association, Inc. Australian National Kennel Council Continental Kennel Club National Kennel Club New Zealand Kennel Club United Kennel Club Club Espanol De Terriers American Canine Registry American Kennel Club America's Pet Registry Dog Registry of America Inc. Federation Cynologique Internationale Kennel Club of Great Britain North American Purebred Registry, Inc. American Canine Association, Inc. Australian National Kennel Council Continental Kennel Club National Kennel Club New Zealand Kennel Club United Kennel Club Irish Kennel Club Club Espanol De Terriers Jack Russell Terrier Club Of America No set
Price $700-$1000 $700-$1000 $400-$600

General Appearance - Cairn Terrier vs Jack Russell Terrier vs Parson Russell Terrier

Size Small Small Medium
Weight Male: 14-18 pounds (6-8 kg), Female: 13-17 pounds (6-8 kg) 11-18 pounds (5-8 kg) 14-18 pounds (6-8 kg)
Avg. Weight Male: 16 pounds (7 kg), Female: 15 pounds (7 kg) 14.5 pounds (6.5 kg) 16 pounds (7 kg)
Height Male: 10-13 inches (25-33 cm), Female: 9-12 inches (23-30 cm) 8-15 inches (20-38 cm) 12-14 inches (31-36 cm)
Avg. Height Male: 11.5 inches (29 cm), Female: 10.5 inches (26.5 cm) 11.5 inches (29 cm) 13 inches (33.5 cm)

Hair & Care - Cairn Terrier vs Jack Russell Terrier vs Parson Russell Terrier

Coat Waterproof Rough Rough
Colors Cream Red Wheaten Brindle Gray Silver Black Tan White Black Tan White Brown Black
Grooming
Average: The Cairn Terrier requires average grooming effort.
Easy to groom: The Jack Russell Terrier doesn't require a lot of grooming.
Easy to groom: The Parson Russell Terrier doesn't require a lot of grooming.
Shedding Level
Cairn Terriers shed moderately.
Jack Russell Terriers are heavy shedders.
Parson Russell Terriers shed moderately.

Characteristics - Cairn Terrier vs Jack Russell Terrier vs Parson Russell Terrier

Temperament Active Courageous Intelligent Assertive Fearless Alert Courageous Independent Cheerful Energetic Energetic Eager Intelligent Bold Happy Obedient
Intelligent Rank
Smart: Cairn Terrier's has great intelligence.
Average: Jack Russell Terrier's has average obedience intelligence.
Low to average: This canine intelligence is not the brightest one.
Trainability
Cairn Terriers are easy to train.
Jack Russell Terriers are easy to train.
Parson Russell Terriers are quite easy to train.
Playfulness
The Cairn Terrier is a playful breed.
The Jack Russell Terrier is a highly playful breed.
The Parson Russell Terrier is a highly playful breed.
Sensitivity Level
Cairn Terriers have an average emotional level and are not the most sensitive dog breed.
Jack Russell Terriers have an average emotional level and are not the most sensitive dog breed.
Parson Russell Terriers have an average emotional level and are not the most sensitive dog breed.
Affection Level
Cairn Terriers are genuinely loyal, soft and gentle, loving and affectionate dogs toward their handlers.
Jack Russell Terriers are genuinely loyal, soft and gentle, loving and affectionate dogs toward their handlers.
Parson Russell Terriers are genuinely loyal, soft and gentle, loving and affectionate dogs toward their handlers.
Social Needs
Cairn Terriers need a lot of social interaction.
Jack Russell Terriers need for social interaction is average.
Parson Russell Terriers need for social interaction is average.
Barking
High: The Cairn Terrier is a very vocal breed.
High: The Jack Russell Terrier is a very vocal breed.
High: The Parson Russell Terrier is a very vocal breed.
Watchdog Ability
Cairn Terriers are good watchdogs.
Jack Russell Terriers are good watchdogs.
Parson Russell Terriers are average watchdogs.
Territorial
Cairn Terriers are average defenders.
Jack Russell Terriers are extremely protective guard dogs.
Parson Russell Terriers are extremely protective guard dogs.
Biting Potential Low
The Cairn Terrier has a low chance of biting somebody.
Low
The Jack Russell Terrier has a low chance of biting somebody.
Low
The Parson Russell Terrier has a low chance of biting somebody.
Mouthiness
Cairn Terriers have an average tendency to nip, chew, play-bite, or herd people.
Jack Russell Terriers have a higher than average tendency to nip, chew, play-bite, or herd people.
Parson Russell Terriers have a higher than average tendency to nip, chew, play-bite, or herd people.
Impulse to Wander or Roam
Cairn Terriers have average wanderlust potential.
Wanderlust potential of the Jack Russell Terrier is strong enough to escape from home.
Wanderlust potential of the Parson Russell Terrier is strong enough to escape from home.
Prey Drive
Cairn Terriers have a higher impulse to chase and catch something than other dog breeds.
Jack Russell Terriers have a high impulse to chase and catch something.
Parson Russell Terriers have a high impulse to chase and catch something.
Apartment Friendly
Cairn Terriers are not the best choice for an apartment lifestyle, but they don't mind being inside if you walk them several times every day.
Jack Russell Terriers are not apartment-friendly dogs.
Parson Russell Terriers are not the best choice for an apartment lifestyle, but they don't mind being inside if you walk them several times every day.
Adaptability
Cairn Terriers adapt to lifestyle changes and different living environments quite okay usually.
Jack Russell Terriers adapt very well to lifestyle changes and basically all living environments.
Parson Russell Terriers adapt very well to lifestyle changes and basically all living environments.
Tolerates Being Left Alone
Cairn Terriers tend to have separation anxiety when their owners left them alone at home because they bond very closely with them.
Just like every puppy, they are prone to panic, cry, bark, whine when they left alone by their owner.
Just like every puppy, they are prone to panic, cry, bark, whine when they left alone by their owner.
Fighting Dog Not really
In history, this breed was not really used for combat dog.
Not really
In history, this breed was not really used for combat dog.
Not really
In history, this breed was not really used for combat dog.

Good With - Cairn Terrier vs Jack Russell Terrier vs Parson Russell Terrier

Stranger Friendly
Cairn Terriers are average friendly towards strangers.
Jack Russell Terriers are average friendly towards strangers.
Parson Russell Terriers are average friendly towards strangers.
Child Friendly
Cairn Terriers are kid-friendly dogs.
Jack Russell Terriers are kid-friendly dogs.
Parson Russell Terriers are kid-friendly dogs.
Cat Friendly
Cairn Terriers are average friendly towards cats.
Jack Russell Terriers are not the most cat-friendly dogs.
Parson Russell Terriers are not cat-friendly dogs.
Dog Friendly
Cairn Terriers are average friendly towards other dogs.
Jack Russell Terriers are not the most dog-friendly dogs.
Parson Russell Terriers are not dog-friendly.
Office Friendly Yes
Cairn Terrier is one of the best dog breeds for office environment
No
Jack Russell Terrier is not the best dog breed for office environment.
No
Parson Russell Terrier is not the best dog breed for office environment.
Senior Citizens Friendly
Cairn Terriers are usually recommended for elderly people.
Jack Russell Terriers are usually recommended for elderly people.
Parson Russell Terriers are usually recommended for elderly people.
Pet Friendly
Cairn Terriers are generally with other pets.
Jack Russell Terriers usually don’t get on well with other pets.
Parson Russell Terriers do best when they’re the only pet at the family.
Good For First Time Owners Yes
Cairn Terriers are good for novice owners, due to their easy-going personality.
Yes
Jack Russell Terriers are good for novice owners, due to their easy-going personality.
Yes
Parson Russell Terriers are good for novice owners, due to their easy-going personality.
Service Dog Not really
This breed generally not used as a service dog.
Not really
This breed generally not used as a service dog.
Not really
This breed generally not used as a service dog.
Therapy Dog Not really
This breed generally not used as a therapy dog.
Not really
This breed generally not used as a therapy dog.
Not really
This breed generally not used as a therapy dog.
Detection Dog or Sniffer Dog Not really
A detection dog or sniffer dog is a dog that is trained to use its senses (mostly its smell) to detect substances such as explosives, illegal drugs, wildlife scat, currency, blood, and contraband electronics such as illicit mobile phones.
Not really
A detection dog or sniffer dog is a dog that is trained to use its senses (mostly its smell) to detect substances such as explosives, illegal drugs, wildlife scat, currency, blood, and contraband electronics such as illicit mobile phones.
Not really
A detection dog or sniffer dog is a dog that is trained to use its senses (mostly its smell) to detect substances such as explosives, illegal drugs, wildlife scat, currency, blood, and contraband electronics such as illicit mobile phones.
Search and Rescue Dog (SAR) Not really
The use of dogs in search and rescue (SAR) is a valuable component in wilderness tracking, natural disasters, mass casualty events, and in locating missing people.
Not really
The use of dogs in search and rescue (SAR) is a valuable component in wilderness tracking, natural disasters, mass casualty events, and in locating missing people.
Not really
The use of dogs in search and rescue (SAR) is a valuable component in wilderness tracking, natural disasters, mass casualty events, and in locating missing people.
Boat Dog Not really
Cairn Terrier breed usually doesn't like being on a boat.
Not really
Jack Russell Terrier breed usually doesn't like being on a boat.
Not really
Parson Russell Terrier breed usually doesn't like being on a boat.
Cart Pulling or Drafting Dog Not really
A drafting dog or draft dog is a dog bred and used for cart pulling.
Not really
A drafting dog or draft dog is a dog bred and used for cart pulling.
Not really
A drafting dog or draft dog is a dog bred and used for cart pulling.

Health Factors - Cairn Terrier vs Jack Russell Terrier vs Parson Russell Terrier

Health Issues
Cairn Terriers tend to have more and frequent health issues than other breeds.
Egészségesek Jack Russell Terrier fajták, de vannak bizonyos egészségügyi problémáik, amelyeket rendszeresen ellenőrizned kell az állatorvossal.
Egészségesek Parson Russell Terrier fajták, de vannak bizonyos egészségügyi problémáik, amelyeket rendszeresen ellenőrizned kell az állatorvossal.
Health Problems Cataracts Craniomandibular Osteopathy Cryptorchidism Glaucoma Globoid Cell Leukodystrophy Hypothyroidism Legg-perthes Disease Luxating Patella Microvascular Dysplasia Portosystemic Vascular Anomaly (PSVA) Progressive retinal atrophy (PRA) Deafness Glaucoma Legg-perthes Disease Lens Luxation Patellar Luxation No set
Life Expectancy 12-15 years 13-16 years 13-15 years
Hypoallergenic Yes No No
Energy Level
Cairn Terriers are high energy dogs.
Jack Russell Terriers are high energy dogs.
Parson Russell Terriers are high energy dogs.
Exercise Need
Cairn Terriers need quite a lot of exercise.
Jack Russell Terriers need a lot of exercises.
Parson Russell Terriers need a lot of exercises.
Sleeping Need
Cairn Terriers don't need too much sleep.
Jack Russell Terriers don't need too much sleep.
Parson Russell Terriers don't need too much sleep.
Avg. daily food consumption 0.5 to 1.5 cups of high-quality dry food a day, divided into two meals. 1/4 to 1 cup of high-quality dry food a day, divided into two meals. 1/2 to 1 cup dry food a day.
Weight Gain Potential
Average.
Average to High.
Low.
Weather & Climate Prefers average to cold weather conditions
The Cairn Terrier can adapt to well to cold weather conditions, some dogs even can be a good mountain dog.
Prefers average to cold weather conditions
The Jack Russell Terrier can adapt to well to cold weather conditions, some dogs even can be a good mountain dog.
Prefers average to cold weather conditions
The Parson Russell Terrier can adapt to well to cold weather conditions, some dogs even can be a good mountain dog.
Stinkiness Medium
The Cairn Terrier has an average chance of bad smell.
Medium
The Jack Russell Terrier has an average chance of bad smell.
Medium
The Parson Russell Terrier has an average chance of bad smell.
Drooling tendency
The Cairn Terrier is a perfect example for very low drooling tendency.
The Jack Russell Terrier is a perfect example for very low drooling tendency.
The Parson Russell Terrier is a perfect example for low drooling tendency.

Reproducibility - Cairn Terrier vs Jack Russell Terrier vs Parson Russell Terrier

Gestation Length 60-64 days 60-64 days 60-64 days
How often can the have a litter? Once a year.
More frequent breeding is not healthy.
Once a year.
More frequent breeding is not healthy.
Once a year.
More frequent breeding is not healthy.
Litter Size 2-10 puppies 4-8 puppies 4-8 puppies

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