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Caucasian Ovcharka vs Sarplaninac vs German Shepherd – Which one is a better dog breed for you?

"Find similarities and differences between Caucasian Ovcharka vs Sarplaninac vs German Shepherd" Compare Caucasian Ovcharka and Sarplaninac. Which is better: Caucasian Ovcharka or Sarplaninac or German Shepherd?
Name Caucasian Ovcharka Sarplaninac German Shepherd
OriginsArmenia Russia Georgia Azerbaijan Serbia Macedonia Germany
Group Guard Dogs Guard Dogs Pastoral Dogs (Herding Dogs)
Popularity Rank5085252
Reviews2112
Rate

Other Names Caucasian Ovcharka, Caucasian Mountain Dog, Caucasian Sheepdog, Kawkasky Owtscharka, Kaukasische Schaferhund Macedonian Shepherd, Yugoslavian Shepherd Dog, Illyrian Shepherd Dog, Jugoslovenski ovcarski pas-sarplaninac Alsatian, Berger Allemand, Alsatian wolf dog (UK), Deutscher Schäferhund, Schäferhund
Breed Type Purebred Purebred Purebred
AKC Group Not recognized by the American Kennel Club. Not recognized by the American Kennel Club. Recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1908 as a Herding breed.
FCI Group Not recognized by FCI. Not recognized by FCI. Recognized by FCI in the Sheepdogs and Cattledogs (except Swiss Cattledogs) group, in the Sheepdogs section.
Breed Recognition American Canine Registry
America's Pet Registry
Continental Kennel Club
Dog Registry of America Inc.
Federation Cynologique Internationale
Foundation Stock Service
National Kennel Club
North American Purebred Registry, Inc.
American Canine Association, Inc.
American Canine Registry
Continental Kennel Club
Dog Registry of America Inc.
Federation Cynologique Internationale
National Kennel Club
United Kennel Club
American Canine Association, Inc.
American Canine Registry
American Kennel Club
America's Pet Registry
Canadian Kennel Club
Dog Registry of America Inc.
Federation Cynologique Internationale
Kennel Club of Great Britain
North American Purebred Registry, Inc.
American Canine Association, Inc.
Australian National Kennel Council
Continental Kennel Club
National Kennel Club
New Zealand Kennel Club
United Kennel Club
German Shepherd Dog Club Of America
Price $1500-$2500 $900-$1000 $800-$2000

General Appearance - Caucasian Ovcharka vs Sarplaninac vs German Shepherd

Size Giant Large Large
Weight 99-154 pounds (45-70 kg) Male: 55-80 pounds (25-36 kg), Female: 45-70 pounds (20-32 kg) Male: 66-88 pounds (30-40 kg), Female: 49-71 pounds (22-32 kg)
Avg. Weight 126.5 pounds (57.5 kg) Male: 67.5 pounds (30.5 kg), Female: 57.5 pounds (26 kg) Male: 77 pounds (35 kg), Female: 60 pounds (27 kg)
Height 25-28 inches (64-72 cm) Male: 22-24 inches (55-61 cm), Female: 21-23 inches (54-59 cm) Male: 24-26 inches (60-65 cm), Female: 22-24 inches (55-60 cm)
Avg. Height 26.5 inches (68 cm) Male: 23 inches (58 cm), Female: 22 inches (56.5 cm) Male: 25 inches (62.5 cm), Female: 23 inches (57.5 cm)

Hair & Care - Caucasian Ovcharka vs Sarplaninac vs German Shepherd

Coat Dense
Thick
Double
Fluffy
Waterproof
Fuzzy
Colors Black
Cream
Gray
Silver
White
Yellow
Black
Fawn
Gray
Sable
White
Silver
Tan
Red
Black
Grooming
Easy to groom: The Caucasian Ovcharka doesn't require a lot of grooming.
Easy to groom: The Sarplaninac doesn't require a lot of grooming.
Average: The German Shepherd requires average grooming effort.
Shedding Level
Caucasian Ovcharkas shed moderately.
Sarplaninacs shed moderately.
German Shepherds are heavy shedders.

Characteristics - Caucasian Ovcharka vs Sarplaninac vs German Shepherd

Temperament Dominant
Alert
Calm
Powerful
Quick
Independent
Devoted
Protective
Calm
Intelligent
Reliable
Alert
Courageous
Intelligent
Obedient
Confident
Curious
Loyal
Watchful
Intelligent Rank
Average: Caucasian Ovcharka's has average obedience intelligence.
Average: Sarplaninac's has average obedience intelligence.
Outstanding: German Shepherd is one of the brightest dog breeds.
Trainability
Caucasian Ovcharkas are quite easy to train.
Sarplaninacs are quite easy to train.
German Shepherds are easy to train.
Playfulness
The Caucasian Ovcharka is a playful breed.
Sarplaninacs are not the most playful dog breed.
German Shepherds, like any other dog breed, like playing.
Sensitivity Level
Caucasian Ovcharkas are less sensitive than other dog breeds.
Sarplaninacs have an average emotional level and are not the most sensitive dog breed.
German Shepherds don't like an irregular daily routine, noisy household and frequent guest visits.
Affection Level
Caucasian Ovcharkas are highly affectionate dogs.
Sarplaninacs are highly affectionate dogs.
German Shepherds are genuinely loyal, soft and gentle, loving and affectionate dogs toward their handlers.
Social Needs
Caucasian Ovcharkas need for social interaction is average.
Sarplaninacs need for social interaction is average.
German Shepherds need for social interaction is average.
Barking
Average to high: The Caucasian Ovcharka is a vocal breed.
Low to Average: The Sarplaninac rarely barks.
Low to Average: The German Shepherd rarely barks.
Watchdog Ability
Caucasian Ovcharkas are one of the best watchdogs.
Sarplaninacs are good watchdogs.
German Shepherds are one of the best watchdogs.
Territorial
Caucasian Ovcharkas are extremely protective guard dogs.
Sarplaninacs are extremely protective guard dogs.
German Shepherds are extremely protective guard dogs.
Biting Potential Low
The Caucasian Ovcharka has a low chance of biting somebody.
Low
The Sarplaninac has a low chance of biting somebody.
High
The German Shepherd has a high chance of biting somebody.
Mouthiness
Caucasian Ovcharkas have a higher than average tendency to nip, chew, play-bite, or herd people.
Sarplaninacs have an average tendency to nip, chew, play-bite, or herd people.
German Shepherds have a strong tendency to nip, chew, play-bite, or herd people.
Impulse to Wander or Roam
Caucasian Ovcharkas tend to escape less than other breeds.
Wanderlust potential of the Sarplaninac is strong enough to escape from home.
German Shepherds are not the biggest explorers.
Prey Drive
Caucasian Ovcharkas have an average prey drive, which means that they don't have a high impulse to chase and catch something like a cat or any other small aminals, but it might happen.
Sarplaninacs have a higher impulse to chase and catch something than other dog breeds.
German Shepherds have a higher impulse to chase and catch something than other dog breeds.
Apartment Friendly
Caucasian Ovcharkas are not the best choice for an apartment lifestyle, but they don't mind being inside if you walk them several times every day.
Sarplaninacs are not apartment-friendly dogs.
German Shepherds are not the best choice for an apartment lifestyle, but they don't mind being inside if you walk them several times every day.
Adaptability
Caucasian Ovcharkas adapt to lifestyle changes and different living environments quite okay usually.
Sarplaninacs adapt to lifestyle changes and different living environments quite okay usually.
German Shepherds adapt very well to lifestyle changes and basically all living environments.
Tolerates Being Left Alone
Just like every puppy, they are prone to panic, cry, bark, whine when they left alone by their owner.
Just like every puppy, they are prone to panic, cry, bark, whine when they left alone by their owner.
Just like every puppy, they are prone to panic, cry, bark, whine when they left alone by their owner.
Fighting Dog Yes
In history, this breed was unfortunately used for combat dog.
Not really
In history, this breed was not really used for combat dog.
Yes
In history, this breed was unfortunately used for combat dog.

Good With - Caucasian Ovcharka vs Sarplaninac vs German Shepherd

Stranger Friendly
Caucasian Ovcharkas are not the most stranger friendly dogs.
Sarplaninacs are not the most stranger friendly dogs.
German Shepherds are stranger friendly dogs.
Child Friendly
Caucasian Ovcharkas are kid-friendly dogs.
Sarplaninacs are average friendly dogs towards children.
German Shepherds are very kid-friendly dogs.
Cat Friendly
Caucasian Ovcharkas are average friendly towards cats.
Sarplaninacs are not the most cat-friendly dogs.
German Shepherds are average friendly towards cats.
Dog Friendly
Caucasian Ovcharkas are not the most dog-friendly dogs.
Sarplaninacs are average friendly towards other dogs.
German Shepherds are not the most dog-friendly dogs.
Office Friendly No
Caucasian Ovcharka is not the best dog breed for office environment.
No
Sarplaninac is not the best dog breed for office environment.
No
German Shepherd is not the best dog breed for office environment.
Senior Citizens Friendly
Caucasian Ovcharkas are usually recommended for elderly people.
Sarplaninacs are commonly okay with elderly people.
German Shepherds are one of the best breeds for elderly people.
Pet Friendly
Caucasian Ovcharkas are generally with other pets.
Sarplaninacs usually don’t get on well with other pets.
German Shepherds are generally with other pets.
Good For First Time Owners Yes
Caucasian Ovcharkas are good for novice owners, due to their easy-going personality.
Yes
Sarplaninacs are good for novice owners, due to their easy-going personality.
No
German Shepherds are not good for novice owners, due to their stubborn personality.
Service Dog Not really
This breed generally not used as a service dog.
Not really
This breed generally not used as a service dog.
Yes
This breed makes good as a service dog.
Therapy Dog Not really
This breed generally not used as a therapy dog.
Not really
This breed generally not used as a therapy dog.
Yes
This breed makes a perfect therapy dog.
Detection Dog or Sniffer Dog Not really
A detection dog or sniffer dog is a dog that is trained to use its senses (mostly its smell) to detect substances such as explosives, illegal drugs, wildlife scat, currency, blood, and contraband electronics such as illicit mobile phones.
Not really
A detection dog or sniffer dog is a dog that is trained to use its senses (mostly its smell) to detect substances such as explosives, illegal drugs, wildlife scat, currency, blood, and contraband electronics such as illicit mobile phones.
Yes
A detection dog or sniffer dog is a dog that is trained to use its senses (mostly its smell) to detect substances such as explosives, illegal drugs, wildlife scat, currency, blood, and contraband electronics such as illicit mobile phones.
Search and Rescue Dog (SAR) Not really
The use of dogs in search and rescue (SAR) is a valuable component in wilderness tracking, natural disasters, mass casualty events, and in locating missing people.
Not really
The use of dogs in search and rescue (SAR) is a valuable component in wilderness tracking, natural disasters, mass casualty events, and in locating missing people.
Yes
The use of dogs in search and rescue (SAR) is a valuable component in wilderness tracking, natural disasters, mass casualty events, and in locating missing people.
Boat Dog Not really
Caucasian Ovcharka breed usually doesn't like being on a boat.
Not really
Sarplaninac breed usually doesn't like being on a boat.
Not really
German Shepherd breed usually doesn't like being on a boat.
Cart Pulling or Drafting Dog Yes
A drafting dog or draft dog is a dog bred and used for cart pulling.
Yes
A drafting dog or draft dog is a dog bred and used for cart pulling.
Not really
A drafting dog or draft dog is a dog bred and used for cart pulling.

Health Factors - Caucasian Ovcharka vs Sarplaninac vs German Shepherd

Health Issues
Caucasian Ovcharkas tend to have more and frequent health issues than other breeds.
Sarplaninacs are commonly healthy dogs.
German Shepherds are commonly healthy dogs.
Health Problems Joint Dysplasia Bloat
Drug Sensitivity
Hip Dysplasia
Allergies
Blindness
Bloat
Cancer
Cataracts
Cherry Eye
Chronic Diarrhea
Cruciate Ligament Rupture
Cushing's Syndrome
Degenerative Myelopathy
Demodectic Mange
Diabetes
Digestive Problems
Elbow Dysplasia
Epilepsy
Exocrine Pancreatic Insufficiency
Heart Disease
Hemophilia A
Hemophilia B
Hip Dysplasia
Hypertrophic Osteodystrophy
Lens Luxation
Lupus
Megaesophagus
Myasthenia Gravis
Nail Bed Disease
Osteochondrosis
Pannus
Panosteitis
Paralysis
Perianal Fistula
Progressive retinal atrophy (PRA)
Retinal Dysplasia
Seborrhea
Vitiligo
Von Willebrand's Disease
Wobbler's Syndrome
Life Expectancy 10-12 years 12-13 years 10-13 years
Hypoallergenic No No No
Energy Level
Caucasian Ovcharkas have a lower energy level than other dogs.
Sarplaninacs are high energy dogs.
German Shepherds are high energy dogs.
Exercise Need
Caucasian Ovcharkas exercise need is minimal.
Sarplaninacs need a lot of exercises.
German Shepherds need quite a lot of exercise.
Sleeping Need
Caucasian Ovcharkas like sleeping so they do sleep a lot.
Sarplaninacs don't need too much sleep.
German Shepherds don't need too much sleep.
Avg. daily food consumption 4 to 7 cups of high-quality dry food a day, divided into two meals. 2.5 to 3.5 cups of a high-quality dog food daily, divided into two meals. 3 to 4 cups of high-quality dry food a day, divided into two meals.
Weight Gain Potential
Average to High.
Average to High.
Low to Average.
Weather & Climate Prefers cold weather
The Caucasian Ovcharka can adapt well to harsh weather conditions, and also can be a good mountain dog.
Prefers cold weather
The Sarplaninac can adapt well to harsh weather conditions, and also can be a good mountain dog.
Tolerates warm and cold weather.
Stinkiness Medium
The Caucasian Ovcharka has an average chance of bad smell.
Low
The Sarplaninac has a low chance of bad smell.
Medium
The German Shepherd has an average chance of bad smell.
Drooling tendency
The Caucasian Ovcharka drools quite a lot, so if you dislike being covered by slobber spots on your clothes, you may want to choose another dog breed.
The Sarplaninac drools quite a lot, so if you dislike being covered by slobber spots on your clothes, you may want to choose another dog breed.
The German Shepherd is a perfect example for very low drooling tendency.

Reproducibility - Caucasian Ovcharka vs Sarplaninac vs German Shepherd

Gestation Length 60-64 days 60-64 days 60-64 days
How often can the have a litter? Once a year.
More frequent breeding is not healthy.
Once a year.
More frequent breeding is not healthy.
Once a year.
More frequent breeding is not healthy.
Litter Size 5-10 puppies 3-5 puppies 6-10 puppies

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