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Caucasian Ovcharka Information & Dog Breed Facts

Collection of all the general dog breed info about Caucasian Ovcharka so you can get to know the breed more.

Group Guard Dogs
Popularity Rank508
Reviews2
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OriginArmenia Russia Georgia Azerbaijan
Other Names
What other names does the Caucasian Ovcharka have? The dog breed also known as...
Caucasian Ovcharka, Caucasian Mountain Dog, Caucasian Sheepdog, Kawkasky Owtscharka, Kaukasische Schaferhund
Breed Type
What type of dog breed is it?
Purebred
AKC Group
Is Caucasian Ovcharka recognized by the American Kennel Club?
Not recognized by the American Kennel Club.
FCI Group
Is Caucasian Ovcharka recognized by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI)?
Not recognized by FCI.
Breed Recognition
What kennel clubs and organizations recognize or register the Caucasian Ovcharka breed?
American Canine RegistryAmerica's Pet RegistryContinental Kennel ClubDog Registry of America Inc.Federation Cynologique InternationaleFoundation Stock ServiceNational Kennel ClubNorth American Purebred Registry, Inc.American Canine Association, Inc.
Price
How much does the Caucasian Ovcharka puppy cost? What is the price range of this puppy? What is the average price of this dog in the United States? Is this puppy expensive? How much should I pay for it? Caucasian Ovcharka price:
$1500-$2500
If you choose to purchase the Caucasian Ovcharka, you should know that the mentioned amount of money is an average of the collected data from breeders’ sites and puppy finder places. If you have a Caucasian Ovcharka for sale, please advertise it on a reliable website to make sure the Caucasian Ovcharka gets to a happy place.

History

The Caucasian Shepherds are earnest, fearless, and powerful and perfectly suitable for providing guarding duties but with proper training, they can also become loyal and affectionate and protective a meter hight 50 kg cutie pie and function as a family pet. Today, Caucasian Shepherd Dogs are mostly family companions, watchdogs, and property guardians, though they are still used by shepherds to tend to flocks.

They have been around in the area of the Caucasian Mountains since the ancient times and has been used to protect properties from trespassers and guard livestock against predators such as wolves and coyotes for centuries in the countries of the region such as Georgia, Azerbaijan, Armenia. In some areas, they are called  Caucasian Ovcharka, Caucasian Sheepdog, Kawkasky Owtscharka, or Kaukasische Schaferhund. Most experts claim their ancestors are mitigated from Tibet but some modern archaeological evidence suggests the breed dates back to Mesopotamia. Some myths keep that they are ancestors of wolfs, which were domesticated, but a more rational theory is that they are relatives of the sheepdogs of the Balkans and mastiffs of Asia and the closest to the Tiberian Mastiff, which’s appearance and nature is similar to the Caucasian’s.

There is a great variety of types among the Caucasian dogs depending on their home region. For almost a century, there has been two breed types and standards: The Mountain type, which is long-coated and has a heavier body mass than the Steppe type, a shorter-coated dog with a lighter body mass as a result of the selection of the breed, which started in the 1920s. The purpose of the selection was to develop personality traits, such as physical strength, braveness, sharp hearing and sight, endurance, and self-confidence. They also were able to develop the breed's dense, waterproof coat. Selective breeding has allowed people to own Caucasian shepherd dogs in all kinds of climates, including those with more extreme temperatures.

The first mention of a large molosser dog, which could be something like the Caucasian, was used by the army of Armenian Tsar Tigran the II, dates from the first century but they really got the public’s attention since the  20 th century. The USSR started using Caucasian Shepherds as guard dogs in prisons and gulags. In the 1960s thousands of these dogs were brought to serve as border patrols along the Berlin Wall. When the wall came down in 1989, some 7,000 patrol dogs were dispersed, and many were given to families in Germany to live out the rest of their days.

The Caucasian shepherd dog is a fully standardized  Georgian breed, recognized by most major kennel organizations such as the American Kennel Club and the United Kennel Club.

Photo Gallery of the Caucasian Ovcharka Breed

General Appearance

Size
What size is this breed? How big is this dog? Caucasian Ovcharka size:
Giant
Weight
How much does the Caucasian Ovcharka weigh? Caucasian Ovcharka weight:
99-154 pounds (45-70 kg)
Avg. Weight
What is the average weight of the Caucasian Ovcharka? Caucasian Ovcharka average weight:
126.5 pounds (57.5 kg)
Height
How tall is the Caucasian Ovcharka? Caucasian Ovcharka height:
25-28 inches (64-72 cm)
Avg. Height
What is the average height of this fido? Caucasian Ovcharka average height:
26.5 inches (68 cm)

Hair & Care

Coat
What type of coat does the Caucasian Ovcharka have? What does this canine coat look like?
DenseThickDouble
Colors
What color is the breed's coat? What color is a proper Caucasian Ovcharka's coat?
BlackCreamGraySilverWhiteYellow
Grooming
How to groom the Caucasian Ovcharka and how often?
Easy to groom: The Caucasian Ovcharka doesn't require a lot of grooming. Seasonal flea treatment is needed, but cutting the dog's hair by a professional groomer isn't necessary. Ears and eyes should be cleaned regularly to avoid infections. Caucasian Ovcharka is a good choice if you don't have the time, skill or money to take care of a high maintenance dog. Recommended for beginners.
Shedding Level
How much do Caucasian Ovcharka dogs shed? How to control, reduce and prevent the shedding of the Caucasian Ovcharka? Caucasian Ovcharka shedding level:
Caucasian Ovcharkas shed moderately. It's a natural process of the hair growth cycle. Regular brushing reduces the amount of hair that sheds. It mostly depends on their health status and breed type.

Characteristics

Temperament
What kind of personality does the Caucasian Ovcharka have? What characteristics does the breed have?
DominantAlertCalmPowerfulQuick
Intelligent Rank
How smart is the Caucasian Ovcharka? Are they intelligent?
Average: Caucasian Ovcharka's has average obedience intelligence. Patience is needed for teaching this breed to any tricks and commands though, but it's worth the effort. They understand and memorize new commands in 25-40 repetitions. This breed obeys for the first command 50% of the time or better.
Trainability
Are Caucasian Ovcharka dogs easy to train? Do they go well on dog training?
Caucasian Ovcharkas are quite easy to train. Sometimes they can be challenging, but if you're consistent in teaching new commands they will obey for sure.
Playfulness
How playful is this breed?
The Caucasian Ovcharka is a playful breed. Excited barking and sometimes nipping will alert you to play.
Sensitivity Level
How sensitive are they? Caucasian Ovcharka sensitivity:
Caucasian Ovcharkas are less sensitive than other dog breeds. They aren't receptive to their owner's emotions and handle soft punishment quite well. They don't mind an always changing daily routine, a hectic household, young children, noisy or office environment and frequent guest visits.
Affection Level
How affectionate are they?
Caucasian Ovcharkas are highly affectionate dogs. They like being involved in the family's life. This breed isn't considered as an aloof dog.
Social Needs
How much social interaction does the Caucasian Ovcharka need? Caucasian Ovcharka social needs:
Caucasian Ovcharkas need for social interaction is average. This breed likes being around people or other animals, but they don't mind being left alone for a few hours either.
Barking
Do Caucasian Ovcharka dogs bark a lot? Why does my Caucasian Mountain Dog bark?
Average to high: The Caucasian Ovcharka is a vocal breed. Not the best choice if you prefer a quiet breed. They often bark loudly and howl sometimes. They can change their barks depending on their emotional level and what they're trying to say. Different barks could mean the same and same barks could have a different meaning. Top reasons for barking: protection, alarm, fear, boredom, attention seeking, greeting, separation anxiety, compulsive barking.
Watchdog Ability
Is Caucasian Ovcharka good as a watchdog?
Caucasian Ovcharkas are one of the best watchdogs. Their main job is to observe and they're very consistent in their effort. The best vocal cords and sense of hearing belong to them. Usually, they're very territorial and protective about their property, so the Caucasian Ovcharka dogs will alert you if they sense something different.
Territorial
Do Caucasian Ovcharka dogs have an aggressive behavior to protect their territory?
Caucasian Ovcharkas are extremely protective guard dogs. This breed doesn't hesitate to protect their territory so the Caucasian Ovcharka can be a good choice if you want an excellent guard dog. Keep calm and the Caucasian Ovcharka will take care of unwanted people or animals.
Biting Potential
Do Caucasian Ovcharka bite humans? How likely are you to get bitten from the Caucasian Ovcharka? What are the odds of getting bitten by a Caucasian Ovcharka? Why do dog bites happen?
Low
The Caucasian Ovcharka has a low chance of biting somebody. Top reasons for dog bite: protection, pain, excitement, herding instinct, being provoked. (Data based on the available online bite statistics.)
Mouthiness
How much mouthing/nipping/play biting does the Caucasian Ovcharka do?
Caucasian Ovcharkas have a higher than average tendency to nip, chew, play-bite, or herd people. It's a common habit during puppyhood, not aggressive behavior. These "bites" don't hurt, but Caucasian Ovcharkas need to be taught for a good attitude.
Impulse to Wander or Roam
How likely is the Caucasian Ovcharka to run away? Does this breed explore or wander a lot? Does Caucasian Ovcharka roam?
Caucasian Ovcharkas tend to escape less than other breeds. They have low to average wanderlust potential. Exploring the world is not the best activity they can imagine.
Prey Drive
Do this canine have a strong prey drive? Does Caucasian Ovcharka have high prey drive?
Caucasian Ovcharkas have an average prey drive, which means that they don't have a high impulse to chase and catch something like a cat or any other small aminals, but it might happen. Training can help to achieve good behavior.
Apartment Friendly
Is Caucasian Ovcharka good as an apartment dog? Can they live in a flat?
Caucasian Ovcharkas are not the best choice for an apartment lifestyle, but they don't mind being inside if you walk them several times every day.
Adaptability
Are they adaptable and easy-going?
Caucasian Ovcharkas adapt to lifestyle changes and different living environments quite okay usually.
Tolerates Being Left Alone
Can you leave this breed home alone?
Just like every puppy, they are prone to panic, cry, bark, whine when they left alone by their owner. With proper socialization and quality time with the dog can solve this problem.
Fighting Dog
Where Caucasian Ovcharka dogs used as a fighting dog in the history?
Yes
In history, this breed was unfortunately used for combat dog.

Good With

Stranger Friendly
Are they friendly with strangers?
Caucasian Ovcharkas are not the most stranger friendly dogs.
Child Friendly
Are Caucasian Ovcharka dogs kid-friendly? Are they good with young children? Caucasian Ovcharka and children:
Caucasian Ovcharkas are kid-friendly dogs. This breed is a good choice if you have children.
Cat Friendly
How well do Caucasian Ovcharka dogs get along with cats? Are they good with kittens? What is this fido's temperament with cats?
Caucasian Ovcharkas are average friendly towards cats.
Dog Friendly
Is Caucasian Ovcharka good with other dogs? Are they dog-friendly dogs? How well do Caucasian Ovcharka dogs get along with other dogs? What is this canine temperament with other dogs?
Caucasian Ovcharkas are not the most dog-friendly dogs. If you want more dogs in your family or you'd like to join dog meetups, the Caucasian Ovcharka is not a good choice.
Office Friendly
Are Caucasian Ovcharkas good office dogs? Do Caucasian Ovcharkas make good office friendly dogs? Can Caucasian Ovcharkas be office dogs?
No
Caucasian Ovcharka is not the best dog breed for office environment.
Senior Citizens Friendly
Are they senior citizens friendly dogs? How well do Caucasian Ovcharka dogs get along with the elderly people? What is the Caucasian Ovcharka temperament with senior people? Are Caucasian Ovcharka dogs good for elderly owners?
Caucasian Ovcharkas are usually recommended for elderly people.
Pet Friendly
Are they pet-friendly dogs? How well do Caucasian Ovcharka dogs get along with other pets? Are Caucasian Ovcharka dogs good with pets? What is this canine temperament with other pets?
Caucasian Ovcharkas are generally with other pets.
Good For First Time Owners
Is Caucasian Ovcharka breed good for first-time owners? Do they make a good dog for novice owners?
Yes
Caucasian Ovcharkas are good for novice owners, due to their easy-going personality.
Service Dog
Are they good as service dogs? Can Caucasian Ovcharka be a service dog?
Not really
This breed generally not used as a service dog. A service dog is a term used in the USA to refer to any type of assistance dog specifically trained to help people who have disabilities, such as visual impairment, hearing impairments, mental disorders, seizures, mobility impairment, and diabetes. Service dogs are protected under the ADA (Americans with Disabilities Act). Caucasian Ovcharka is not the best breed for service purposes.
Therapy Dog
Are they good as therapy dogs? Can Caucasian Ovcharka be a therapy dog?
Not really
This breed generally not used as a therapy dog. A therapy dog is a dog that might be trained to provide affection, comfort, and love to people in hospitals, retirement homes, nursing homes, schools, hospices, disaster areas, and to people with anxiety disorders or autism. Caucasian Ovcharka is not the best breed for therapeutic purposes.
Detection Dog or Sniffer Dog
Are they good as detection dogs? Can Caucasian Ovcharka be a sniffer dog?
Not really
A detection dog or sniffer dog is a dog that is trained to use its senses (mostly its smell) to detect substances such as explosives, illegal drugs, wildlife scat, currency, blood, and contraband electronics such as illicit mobile phones. Caucasian Ovcharka is not the best breed for detection purposes.
Search and Rescue Dog (SAR)
Are they good as SAR dogs? Can Caucasian Ovcharka be a search and rescue dog?
Not really
The use of dogs in search and rescue (SAR) is a valuable component in wilderness tracking, natural disasters, mass casualty events, and in locating missing people. The Caucasian Ovcharka is not the best breed for SAR purposes.
Boat Dog
Are they good as boat dogs? Can Caucasian Ovcharka be a boat dog?
Not really
Caucasian Ovcharka breed usually doesn't like being on a boat.
Cart Pulling or Drafting Dog
Are they good as cart pulling dogs? Can Caucasian Ovcharka be a drafting dog?
Yes
A drafting dog or draft dog is a dog bred and used for cart pulling. Dogs bred for this work have strong builds and qualities that are needed, strength and determination. Caucasian Ovcharka breed is a good choice for drafting purposes.

Health Factors

Health Issues
Is it a healthy breed? Do Caucasian Ovcharka dogs have health problems?
Caucasian Ovcharkas tend to have more and frequent health issues than other breeds. Regular vet check-ups are needed.
Health Problems
What health problems does the Caucasian Ovcharka breed have? What are the health issues and concerns of the Caucasian Ovcharka breed? Health risks of Caucasian Ovcharka:
Joint Dysplasia
Life Expectancy
How long do Caucasian Ovcharka dogs live? What is the average lifespan of this breed? How old can a Caucasian Ovcharka be?
10-12 years
Hypoallergenic
Is the Caucasian Ovcharka breed hypoallergenic?
No
Caucasian Ovcharkas don't do well with allergy sufferers by causing allergic reaction. Some of the dog breeds are even considered to higher the possibility of an allergic response. Coat type isn't necessarily relevant, because most people are allergic to dander (flakes on the dog's skin) or saliva, not actually to dog hair.
Energy Level
How much energy does the Caucasian Ovcharka have?
Caucasian Ovcharkas have a lower energy level than other dogs. If you live a chilled life, this breed can be a good choice for you.
Exercise Need
How much exercise does this dog need? How much exercise do Caucasian Ovcharka dogs require per day?
Caucasian Ovcharkas exercise need is minimal. If you live a slow life, this breed can be a good choice for you.
Sleeping Need
How much sleep does this fido need?
Caucasian Ovcharkas like sleeping so they do sleep a lot. They're not the most active dog breed. If you live an active life, this breed can be a bad choice for you.
Avg. daily food consumption
How much food does the Caucasian Ovcharka need? How often should I feed my canine? What dog products should I buy?
4 to 7 cups of high-quality dry food a day, divided into two meals.
Weight Gain Potential
How easy to gain weight for this dog? Caucasian Ovcharka risk for obesity:
Average to High. If you don't pay attention to the Caucasian Ovcharka's weight, he can easily gain weight. More than one daily walk should be on schedule. To make your dog happy and fit, feed him with quality dry dog food and live an active life together. Try to find the happy medium between exercise and feeding. If you notice any weight gain, consult your veterinarian and make a diet plan. Reduce unhealthy food and snacks, and measure the Caucasian Ovcharka's weight regularly.
Weather & Climate
Which weather condition is preferred by this dog? Can they tolerate hot and cold weather & climate?
Prefers cold weather
The Caucasian Ovcharka can adapt well to harsh weather conditions, and also can be a good mountain dog.
Stinkiness
How stinky is this dog? Why does it smell bad and how to get rid of the smell?
Medium
The Caucasian Ovcharka has an average chance of bad smell. Top reasons for dog stinkiness: infection of bad tooth/ear/skin folds, gas attacks.
Drooling tendency
Does the Caucasian Ovcharka drool?
The Caucasian Ovcharka drools quite a lot, so if you dislike being covered by slobber spots on your clothes, you may want to choose another dog breed. Drooling is the unintentional saliva flowing outside of the mouth. It can be completely normal or a sign of a health problem. Certain dog breeds drool more than others, just like the Caucasian Ovcharka. If you notice any change in your dog's drooling habit, you should contact a vet as soon as possible.

Reproducibility

Gestation Length
How long does this dog's pregnancy last? How long is the Caucasian Ovcharka pregnant? How long does it take to have this dog puppies? Caucasian Ovcharka pregnancy time period:
60-64 days
Reproductive cycle of the female Caucasian Ovcharka: The first period called Proestrus lasts for about 9 days. During this time the females start to attract males. You can notice by swelling vulva and bloody discharge. The second part is the Estrus when the bitch is receptive for the male. It lasts for about 3 to 11 days. The sign of the proestrus part is the soft and enlarged vulva. The discharge decreases and lightens in color. The third part is the Diestrus. Normally, it occurs around day 14. In this period the bitch’s discharge changes for vivid red and coming to its end. The vulva returns to average, and she will no longer permit mating. The fourth part called the Anestrus. The time frame between heat periods normally lasts about six months.
How often can the Caucasian Ovcharka have a litter? Once a year.
More frequent breeding is not healthy. It is very important not to buy a dog from a puppy mill, where the needs of the pups and their mothers are ignored. It's an inhumane high-volume dog breeding facility, where puppies born several times a year.
Litter Size
How many puppies can the Caucasian Ovcharka have? What is the average litter size of this fido?
5-10 puppies

Pros & Cons of Caucasian Ovcharka

Pros
  • Grooming: Easy to groom: The Caucasian Ovcharka doesn't require a lot of grooming.
  • Watchdog Ability: Caucasian Ovcharkas are one of the best watchdogs.
  • Impulse to Wander or Roam: Caucasian Ovcharkas tend to escape less than other breeds.
  • Child Friendly: Caucasian Ovcharkas are kid-friendly dogs.
  • Senior Citizens Friendly: Caucasian Ovcharkas are usually recommended for elderly people.
  • Good For First Time Owners: Caucasian Ovcharkas are good for novice owners, due to their easy-going personality.
  • Cart Pulling or Drafting Dog: A drafting dog or draft dog is a dog bred and used for cart pulling.
Cons
  • Health Issues: Caucasian Ovcharkas tend to have more and frequent health issues than other breeds.
  • Hypoallergenic: Caucasian Ovcharkas don't do well with allergy sufferers by causing allergic reaction.
  • Drooling tendency: The Caucasian Ovcharka drools quite a lot, so if you dislike being covered by slobber spots on your clothes, you may want to choose another dog breed.
  • Weight Gain Potential: Average to High.
  • Mouthiness: Caucasian Ovcharkas have a higher than average tendency to nip, chew, play-bite, or herd people.
  • Dog Friendly: Caucasian Ovcharkas are not the most dog-friendly dogs.
  • Office Friendly: Caucasian Ovcharka is not the best dog breed for office environment.

Rate this dog

Reviews

  • Travis

    Sep 26, 2020, 5:42:22 PM:

    Awesome breed. Would not recomend for novice owners. They have a strong will, you have to be the Alpha or the dog will become the Alpha and will be hard to control.

  • Phil

    Sep 21, 2020, 5:11:41 PM: