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Cavalier King Charles Spaniel vs Cairn Terrier vs West Highland White Terrier – Which one is a better dog breed for you?

"Find similarities and differences between Cavalier King Charles Spaniel vs Cairn Terrier vs West Highland White Terrier" Compare Cavalier King Charles Spaniel and Cairn Terrier. Which is better: Cavalier King Charles Spaniel or Cairn Terrier or West Highland White Terrier?
Name Cavalier King Charles Spaniel Cairn Terrier West Highland White Terrier
OriginsEngland Scotland Scotland
Group Companion Dogs Hunting Dogs Hunting Dogs
Popularity Rank196942
Reviews331
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Other Names Cav, Cavalier, Cavie Cairn, Toto Dog Poltalloch Terrier, Roseneath Terrier, White Roseneath Terrier, Westie (or Westy)
Breed Type Purebred Purebred Purebred
AKC Group Recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1995 as a Toy breed. Recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1913 as a Terrier breed. Recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1908 as a Terrier breed.
FCI Group Recognized by FCI in the Companion and Toy Dogs group, in the English Toy Spaniels section. Recognized by FCI in the Terriers group, in the Small sized Terriers section. Recognized by FCI in the Terriers group, in the Small sized Terriers section.
Breed Recognition American Canine Registry
American Kennel Club
America's Pet Registry
Canadian Kennel Club
Dog Registry of America Inc.
Federation Cynologique Internationale
Kennel Club of Great Britain
North American Purebred Registry, Inc.
American Canine Association, Inc.
Australian National Kennel Council
Continental Kennel Club
National Kennel Club
New Zealand Kennel Club
United Kennel Club
American Canine Registry
American Kennel Club
America's Pet Registry
Canadian Kennel Club
Dog Registry of America Inc.
Federation Cynologique Internationale
Kennel Club of Great Britain
North American Purebred Registry, Inc.
American Canine Association, Inc.
Australian National Kennel Council
Continental Kennel Club
National Kennel Club
New Zealand Kennel Club
United Kennel Club
Club Espanol De Terriers
American Canine Registry
American Kennel Club
America's Pet Registry
Canadian Kennel Club
Dog Registry of America Inc.
Federation Cynologique Internationale
Kennel Club of Great Britain
North American Purebred Registry, Inc.
American Canine Association, Inc.
Australian National Kennel Council
Continental Kennel Club
National Kennel Club
New Zealand Kennel Club
United Kennel Club
Club Espanol De Terriers
Price $1200-$1500 $700-$1000 $900-$1200

General Appearance - Cavalier King Charles Spaniel vs Cairn Terrier vs West Highland White Terrier

Size Small Small Small
Weight 10-18 pounds (5-8 kg) Male: 14-18 pounds (6-8 kg), Female: 13-17 pounds (6-8 kg) Male: 15-22 pounds (7-10 kg), Female: 13-16 pounds (6-7 kg)
Avg. Weight 14 pounds (6.5 kg) Male: 16 pounds (7 kg), Female: 15 pounds (7 kg) Male: 18.5 pounds (8.5 kg), Female: 14.5 pounds (6.5 kg)
Height 12-13 inches (30-33 cm) Male: 10-13 inches (25-33 cm), Female: 9-12 inches (23-30 cm) Male: 10-12 inches (25-30 cm), Female: 9-11 inches (23-28 cm)
Avg. Height 12.5 inches (31.5 cm) Male: 11.5 inches (29 cm), Female: 10.5 inches (26.5 cm) Male: 11 inches (27.5 cm), Female: 10 inches (25.5 cm)

Hair & Care - Cavalier King Charles Spaniel vs Cairn Terrier vs West Highland White Terrier

Coat Feathered Waterproof Dense
Colors Tan
Blenheim
Tricolor
Ruby
Cream
Red
Wheaten
Brindle
Gray
Silver
Black
White
Grooming
Average: The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel requires average grooming effort.
Average: The Cairn Terrier requires average grooming effort.
Advanced: The West Highland White Terrier requires a lot of grooming.
Shedding Level
Cavalier King Charles Spaniels shed above average.
Cairn Terriers shed moderately.
West Highland White Terriers shed none to minimal.

Characteristics - Cavalier King Charles Spaniel vs Cairn Terrier vs West Highland White Terrier

Temperament Affectionate
Courageous
Intelligent
Cheerful
Gentle
Social
Polite
Quiet
Active
Graceful
Fearless
Friendly
Nonaggressive
Sporty
No tendency towards nervousness
Active
Courageous
Intelligent
Assertive
Fearless
Affectionate
Courageous
Friendly
Independent
Alert
Intelligent
Intelligent Rank
Average: Cavalier King Charles Spaniel's has average obedience intelligence.
Smart: Cairn Terrier's has great intelligence.
Average: West Highland White Terrier's has average obedience intelligence.
Trainability
Cavalier King Charles Spaniels are quite easy to train.
Cairn Terriers are easy to train.
West Highland White Terriers are easy to train.
Playfulness
Cavalier King Charles Spaniels, like any other dog breed, like playing.
The Cairn Terrier is a playful breed.
The West Highland White Terrier is a highly playful breed.
Sensitivity Level
Cavalier King Charles Spaniels don't like an irregular daily routine, noisy household and frequent guest visits.
Cairn Terriers have an average emotional level and are not the most sensitive dog breed.
They are a little bit more sensitive than other dog breeds.
Affection Level
Cavalier King Charles Spaniels are genuinely loyal, soft and gentle, loving and affectionate dogs toward their handlers.
Cairn Terriers are genuinely loyal, soft and gentle, loving and affectionate dogs toward their handlers.
West Highland White Terriers are highly affectionate dogs.
Social Needs
Cavalier King Charles Spaniels need a lot of social interaction.
Cairn Terriers need a lot of social interaction.
West Highland White Terriers are a social breed.
Barking
Average: The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel barks occasionally.
High: The Cairn Terrier is a very vocal breed.
High: The West Highland White Terrier is a very vocal breed.
Watchdog Ability
Cavalier King Charles Spaniels are not the best watchdogs.
Cairn Terriers are good watchdogs.
West Highland White Terriers are average watchdogs.
Territorial
Cavalier King Charles Spaniels are not the best to protect their territory.
Cairn Terriers are average defenders.
West Highland White Terriers are extremely protective guard dogs.
Biting Potential Low
The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel has a low chance of biting somebody.
Low
The Cairn Terrier has a low chance of biting somebody.
Low
The West Highland White Terrier has a low chance of biting somebody.
Mouthiness
Cavalier King Charles Spaniels have an average tendency to nip, chew, play-bite, or herd people.
Cairn Terriers have an average tendency to nip, chew, play-bite, or herd people.
West Highland White Terriers have lower than average tendency to nip, chew, play-bite, or herd people.
Impulse to Wander or Roam
Cavalier King Charles Spaniels tend to escape less than other breeds.
Cairn Terriers have average wanderlust potential.
West Highland White Terriers have average wanderlust potential.
Prey Drive
Cavalier King Charles Spaniels have an average prey drive, which means that they don't have a high impulse to chase and catch something like a cat or any other small aminals, but it might happen.
Cairn Terriers have a higher impulse to chase and catch something than other dog breeds.
West Highland White Terriers have a higher impulse to chase and catch something than other dog breeds.
Apartment Friendly
Cavalier King Charles Spaniels are very apartment-friendly dogs.
Cairn Terriers are not the best choice for an apartment lifestyle, but they don't mind being inside if you walk them several times every day.
West Highland White Terriers are not the best choice for an apartment lifestyle, but they don't mind being inside if you walk them several times every day.
Adaptability
Cavalier King Charles Spaniels adapt very well to lifestyle changes and basically all living environments.
Cairn Terriers adapt to lifestyle changes and different living environments quite okay usually.
West Highland White Terriers adapt well to lifestyle changes and different living environments.
Tolerates Being Left Alone
Cavalier King Charles Spaniels tend to have separation anxiety when their owners left them alone at home because they bond very closely with them.
Cairn Terriers tend to have separation anxiety when their owners left them alone at home because they bond very closely with them.
West Highland White Terriers do best when a family member is at home during the day or if their workplace is dog-friendly so they can take the dog at work.
Fighting Dog Not really
In history, this breed was not really used for combat dog.
Not really
In history, this breed was not really used for combat dog.
Not really
In history, this breed was not really used for combat dog.

Good With - Cavalier King Charles Spaniel vs Cairn Terrier vs West Highland White Terrier

Stranger Friendly
Cavalier King Charles Spaniels are very stranger friendly dogs.
Cairn Terriers are average friendly towards strangers.
West Highland White Terriers are stranger friendly dogs.
Child Friendly
Cavalier King Charles Spaniels are very kid-friendly dogs.
Cairn Terriers are kid-friendly dogs.
West Highland White Terriers are kid-friendly dogs.
Cat Friendly
Cavalier King Charles Spaniels are average friendly towards cats.
Cairn Terriers are average friendly towards cats.
West Highland White Terriers are average friendly towards cats.
Dog Friendly
Cavalier King Charles Spaniels are very dog-friendly dogs.
Cairn Terriers are average friendly towards other dogs.
West Highland White Terriers are dog-friendly dogs.
Office Friendly No
Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is not the best dog breed for office environment.
Yes
Cairn Terrier is one of the best dog breeds for office environment
No
West Highland White Terrier is not the best dog breed for office environment.
Senior Citizens Friendly
Cavalier King Charles Spaniels are one of the best breeds for elderly people.
Cairn Terriers are usually recommended for elderly people.
West Highland White Terriers are usually recommended for elderly people.
Pet Friendly
Cavalier King Charles Spaniels are generally with other pets.
Cairn Terriers are generally with other pets.
West Highland White Terriers are generally with other pets.
Good For First Time Owners No
Cavalier King Charles Spaniels are not good for novice owners, due to their stubborn personality.
Yes
Cairn Terriers are good for novice owners, due to their easy-going personality.
No
West Highland White Terriers are not good for novice owners, due to their stubborn personality.
Service Dog Not really
This breed generally not used as a service dog.
Not really
This breed generally not used as a service dog.
Not really
This breed generally not used as a service dog.
Therapy Dog Yes
This breed makes a perfect therapy dog.
Not really
This breed generally not used as a therapy dog.
Not really
This breed generally not used as a therapy dog.
Detection Dog or Sniffer Dog Not really
A detection dog or sniffer dog is a dog that is trained to use its senses (mostly its smell) to detect substances such as explosives, illegal drugs, wildlife scat, currency, blood, and contraband electronics such as illicit mobile phones.
Not really
A detection dog or sniffer dog is a dog that is trained to use its senses (mostly its smell) to detect substances such as explosives, illegal drugs, wildlife scat, currency, blood, and contraband electronics such as illicit mobile phones.
Not really
A detection dog or sniffer dog is a dog that is trained to use its senses (mostly its smell) to detect substances such as explosives, illegal drugs, wildlife scat, currency, blood, and contraband electronics such as illicit mobile phones.
Search and Rescue Dog (SAR) Not really
The use of dogs in search and rescue (SAR) is a valuable component in wilderness tracking, natural disasters, mass casualty events, and in locating missing people.
Not really
The use of dogs in search and rescue (SAR) is a valuable component in wilderness tracking, natural disasters, mass casualty events, and in locating missing people.
Not really
The use of dogs in search and rescue (SAR) is a valuable component in wilderness tracking, natural disasters, mass casualty events, and in locating missing people.
Boat Dog Not really
Cavalier King Charles Spaniel breed usually doesn't like being on a boat.
Not really
Cairn Terrier breed usually doesn't like being on a boat.
Not really
West Highland White Terrier breed usually doesn't like being on a boat.
Cart Pulling or Drafting Dog Not really
A drafting dog or draft dog is a dog bred and used for cart pulling.
Not really
A drafting dog or draft dog is a dog bred and used for cart pulling.
Not really
A drafting dog or draft dog is a dog bred and used for cart pulling.

Health Factors - Cavalier King Charles Spaniel vs Cairn Terrier vs West Highland White Terrier

Health Issues
Cavalier King Charles Spaniels tend to have more and frequent health issues than other breeds.
Cairn Terriers tend to have more and frequent health issues than other breeds.
Very healthy dog breed.
Health Problems Dry Eye
Episodic Falling Syndrome
Hip Dysplasia
Mitral Valve Disease
Patellar Luxation
Syringomyelia
Cataracts
Craniomandibular Osteopathy
Cryptorchidism
Glaucoma
Globoid Cell Leukodystrophy
Hypothyroidism
Legg-perthes Disease
Luxating Patella
Microvascular Dysplasia
Portosystemic Vascular Anomaly (PSVA)
Progressive retinal atrophy (PRA)
Atopic Dermatitis
Cataracts
Craniomandibular Osteopathy
Globoid Cell Leukodystrophy
Hyperplastic Dermatosis
Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD)
Legg-perthes Disease
Patellar Luxation
Pulmonary Fibrosis
White Dog Shaker Syndrome
Life Expectancy 10-14 years 12-15 years 12-16 years
Hypoallergenic No Yes Yes
Energy Level
Cavalier King Charles Spaniels have an average energy level, so if you live a semi-active life, this breed can be a good choice for you.
Cairn Terriers are high energy dogs.
West Highland White Terriers have a higher energy level than other dog breeds.
Exercise Need
Cavalier King Charles Spaniels have an average exercise need.
Cairn Terriers need quite a lot of exercise.
West Highland White Terriers need quite a lot of exercise.
Sleeping Need
Cavalier King Charles Spaniels sleep 12-14 hours a day as an average dog and they're not considered as a lazy breed.
Cairn Terriers don't need too much sleep.
West Highland White Terriers are quite energetic dogs and they don't spend to much time with sleeping.
Avg. daily food consumption 1 to 1.5 cups of high-quality dry food a day, divided into two meals. 0.5 to 1.5 cups of high-quality dry food a day, divided into two meals. 1/2 to 1.5 cups of high-quality dry food a day, divided into two meals.
Weight Gain Potential
Average to High.
Average.
Average to High.
Weather & Climate Tolerates warm and cold weather. Prefers average to cold weather conditions
The Cairn Terrier can adapt to well to cold weather conditions, some dogs even can be a good mountain dog.
Prefers average to cold weather conditions
The West Highland White Terrier can adapt to well to cold weather conditions, some dogs even can be a good mountain dog.
Stinkiness High
The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel has a high chance of bad smell.
Medium
The Cairn Terrier has an average chance of bad smell.
Low
The West Highland White Terrier has a low chance of bad smell.
Drooling tendency
The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is a perfect example for very low drooling tendency.
The Cairn Terrier is a perfect example for very low drooling tendency.
The West Highland White Terrier is a perfect example for very low drooling tendency.

Reproducibility - Cavalier King Charles Spaniel vs Cairn Terrier vs West Highland White Terrier

Gestation Length 60-64 days 60-64 days 60-64 days
How often can the have a litter? Once a year.
More frequent breeding is not healthy.
Once a year.
More frequent breeding is not healthy.
Once a year.
More frequent breeding is not healthy.
Litter Size 3-5 puppies 2-10 puppies 2-5 puppies

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