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German Shepherd vs Berger Picard vs Border Collie – Which one is a better dog breed for you?

"Find similarities and differences between German Shepherd vs Berger Picard vs Border Collie" Compare German Shepherd and Berger Picard. Which is better: German Shepherd or Berger Picard or Border Collie?
Name German Shepherd Berger Picard Border Collie
OriginsGermany France England Scotland Wales
Group Pastoral Dogs (Herding Dogs) Working Dogs Pastoral Dogs (Herding Dogs)
Popularity Rank214638
Reviews204
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Other Names Alsatian, Berger Allemand, Alsatian wolf dog (UK), Deutscher Schäferhund, Schäferhund Berger de Picardie, Picardy Shepherd, Picardy Sheepdog Scotch Sheep Dog, Sheepdog
Breed Type Purebred Purebred Purebred
AKC Group Recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1908 as a Herding breed. Recognized by the American Kennel Club in 2015 as a Herding breed. Recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1995 as a Herding breed.
FCI Group Recognized by FCI in the Sheepdogs and Cattledogs (except Swiss Cattledogs) group, in the Sheepdogs section. Recognized by FCI in the Sheepdogs and Cattledogs (except Swiss Cattledogs) group, in the Sheepdogs section. Recognized by FCI in the Sheepdogs and Cattledogs (except Swiss Cattledogs) group, in the Sheepdogs section.
Breed Recognition American Canine Registry American Kennel Club America's Pet Registry Canadian Kennel Club Dog Registry of America Inc. Federation Cynologique Internationale Kennel Club of Great Britain North American Purebred Registry, Inc. American Canine Association, Inc. Australian National Kennel Council Continental Kennel Club National Kennel Club New Zealand Kennel Club United Kennel Club German Shepherd Dog Club Of America American Canine Registry American Kennel Club America's Pet Registry Dog Registry of America Inc. Federation Cynologique Internationale North American Purebred Registry, Inc. American Canine Association, Inc. Continental Kennel Club National Kennel Club United Kennel Club American Canine Registry American Kennel Club America's Pet Registry Dog Registry of America Inc. Federation Cynologique Internationale Kennel Club of Great Britain North American Purebred Registry, Inc. American Canine Association, Inc. Australian National Kennel Council Continental Kennel Club National Kennel Club New Zealand Kennel Club United Kennel Club The American Int. Border Collie Registry The American Border Collie Association
Price $800-$2000 $2000-$2500 $600-$800

General Appearance - German Shepherd vs Berger Picard vs Border Collie

Size Large Large Large
Weight Male: 66-88 pounds (30-40 kg), Female: 49-71 pounds (22-32 kg) 51–71 lb (23–32 kg) Male: 30-45 pounds (14-20 kg), Female: 27-42 pounds (12-19 kg)
Avg. Weight Male: 77 pounds (35 kg), Female: 60 pounds (27 kg) 61 lb (27.5 kg) Male: 37.5 pounds (17 kg), Female: 34.5 pounds (15.5 kg)
Height Male: 24-26 inches (60-65 cm), Female: 22-24 inches (55-60 cm) Male: 24-26 inches (61–66 cm), Female: 22–24 inches (56–61 cm) Male: 19-22 inches (48-56 cm), Female: 18-21 inches (46-53 cm)
Avg. Height Male: 25 inches (62.5 cm), Female: 23 inches (57.5 cm) Male: 25 inches (63.5 cm), Female: 23 inches (58.5 cm) Male: 20.5 inches (52 cm), Female: 19.5 inches (49.5 cm)

Hair & Care - German Shepherd vs Berger Picard vs Border Collie

Coat Fuzzy Wiry Waterproof Double Dense Feathered Straight Short Moderately Long
Colors Silver Tan Red Black Brindle Gray Fawn Black & White Tricolor Tan Blue merle Blue merle-tricolor Slate merle Red merle Black Brindle Gold Lilac Red Sable Sable Merle Saddleback Sable White & Blue White & Blue Merle White & Red White & Red Merle White Ticked Seal Slate White & Gold White & Sable White & Seal
Grooming
Average: The German Shepherd requires average grooming effort.
Average: The Berger Picard requires average grooming effort.
Average: The Border Collie requires average grooming effort.
Shedding Level
German Shepherds are heavy shedders.
Berger Picards shed moderately.
Border Collies shed moderately.

Characteristics - German Shepherd vs Berger Picard vs Border Collie

Temperament Alert Courageous Intelligent Obedient Confident Curious Loyal Watchful Assertive Intelligent Mellow Energetic Lively Stubborn Intelligent Alert Tenacious Protective Energetic Responsive Loyal
Intelligent Rank
Outstanding: German Shepherd is one of the brightest dog breeds.
Average: Berger Picard's has average obedience intelligence.
Outstanding: Border Collie is one of the brightest dog breeds.
Trainability
German Shepherds are easy to train.
Berger Picards are quite easy to train.
Border Collies are easy to train.
Playfulness
German Shepherds, like any other dog breed, like playing.
The Berger Picard is a highly playful breed.
The Border Collie is a highly playful breed.
Sensitivity Level
German Shepherds don't like an irregular daily routine, noisy household and frequent guest visits.
Berger Picards don't like an irregular daily routine, noisy household and frequent guest visits.
Border Collies don't like an irregular daily routine, noisy household and frequent guest visits.
Affection Level
German Shepherds are genuinely loyal, soft and gentle, loving and affectionate dogs toward their handlers.
Berger Picards are highly affectionate dogs.
Border Collies are genuinely loyal, soft and gentle, loving and affectionate dogs toward their handlers.
Social Needs
German Shepherds need for social interaction is average.
Berger Picards need for social interaction is average.
Border Collies need a lot of social interaction.
Barking
Low to Average: The German Shepherd rarely barks.
Average: The Berger Picard barks occasionally.
Low to Average: The Border Collie rarely barks.
Watchdog Ability
German Shepherds are one of the best watchdogs.
Berger Picards are good watchdogs.
Border Collies are one of the best watchdogs.
Territorial
German Shepherds are extremely protective guard dogs.
Berger Picards strongly protect their territory.
Border Collies are extremely protective guard dogs.
Biting Potential High
The German Shepherd has a high chance of biting somebody.
Low
The Berger Picard has a low chance of biting somebody.
Low
The Border Collie has a low chance of biting somebody.
Mouthiness
German Shepherds have a strong tendency to nip, chew, play-bite, or herd people.
Berger Picards have lower than average tendency to nip, chew, play-bite, or herd people.
Border Collies have a strong tendency to nip, chew, play-bite, or herd people.
Impulse to Wander or Roam
German Shepherds are not the biggest explorers.
Berger Picards tend to escape less than other breeds.
Border Collies have average wanderlust potential.
Prey Drive
German Shepherds have a higher impulse to chase and catch something than other dog breeds.
Berger Picards have an average prey drive, which means that they don't have a high impulse to chase and catch something like a cat or any other small aminals, but it might happen.
Border Collies have an average prey drive, which means that they don't have a high impulse to chase and catch something like a cat or any other small aminals, but it might happen.
Apartment Friendly
German Shepherds are not the best choice for an apartment lifestyle, but they don't mind being inside if you walk them several times every day.
Berger Picards are not recommended for an apartment lifestyle.
Border Collies are not recommended for an apartment lifestyle.
Adaptability
German Shepherds adapt very well to lifestyle changes and basically all living environments.
Berger Picards adapt well to lifestyle changes and different living environments.
Border Collies adapt very well to lifestyle changes and basically all living environments.
Tolerates Being Left Alone
Just like every puppy, they are prone to panic, cry, bark, whine when they left alone by their owner.
Just like every puppy, they are prone to panic, cry, bark, whine when they left alone by their owner.
Border Collies tend to have separation anxiety when their owners left them alone at home because they bond very closely with them.
Fighting Dog Yes
In history, this breed was unfortunately used for combat dog.
Not really
In history, this breed was not really used for combat dog.
Not really
In history, this breed was not really used for combat dog.

Good With - German Shepherd vs Berger Picard vs Border Collie

Stranger Friendly
German Shepherds are stranger friendly dogs.
Berger Picards are not the most stranger friendly dogs.
Border Collies are average friendly towards strangers.
Child Friendly
German Shepherds are very kid-friendly dogs.
Berger Picards are very kid-friendly dogs.
Border Collies are very kid-friendly dogs.
Cat Friendly
German Shepherds are average friendly towards cats.
Berger Picards are average friendly towards cats.
Border Collies are average friendly towards cats.
Dog Friendly
German Shepherds are not the most dog-friendly dogs.
Berger Picards are average friendly towards other dogs.
Border Collies are average friendly towards other dogs.
Office Friendly No
German Shepherd is not the best dog breed for office environment.
No
Berger Picard is not the best dog breed for office environment.
No
Border Collie is not the best dog breed for office environment.
Senior Citizens Friendly
German Shepherds are one of the best breeds for elderly people.
Berger Picards are one of the best breeds for elderly people.
Border Collies are one of the best breeds for elderly people.
Pet Friendly
German Shepherds are generally with other pets.
Berger Picards are generally with other pets.
Border Collies are generally with other pets.
Good For First Time Owners No
German Shepherds are not good for novice owners, due to their stubborn personality.
No
Berger Picards are not good for novice owners, due to their stubborn personality.
No
Border Collies are not good for novice owners, due to their stubborn personality.
Service Dog Yes
This breed makes good as a service dog.
Not really
This breed generally not used as a service dog.
Yes
This breed makes good as a service dog.
Therapy Dog Yes
This breed makes a perfect therapy dog.
Not really
This breed generally not used as a therapy dog.
Yes
This breed makes a perfect therapy dog.
Detection Dog or Sniffer Dog Yes
A detection dog or sniffer dog is a dog that is trained to use its senses (mostly its smell) to detect substances such as explosives, illegal drugs, wildlife scat, currency, blood, and contraband electronics such as illicit mobile phones.
Not really
A detection dog or sniffer dog is a dog that is trained to use its senses (mostly its smell) to detect substances such as explosives, illegal drugs, wildlife scat, currency, blood, and contraband electronics such as illicit mobile phones.
Yes
A detection dog or sniffer dog is a dog that is trained to use its senses (mostly its smell) to detect substances such as explosives, illegal drugs, wildlife scat, currency, blood, and contraband electronics such as illicit mobile phones.
Search and Rescue Dog (SAR) Yes
The use of dogs in search and rescue (SAR) is a valuable component in wilderness tracking, natural disasters, mass casualty events, and in locating missing people.
Not really
The use of dogs in search and rescue (SAR) is a valuable component in wilderness tracking, natural disasters, mass casualty events, and in locating missing people.
Yes
The use of dogs in search and rescue (SAR) is a valuable component in wilderness tracking, natural disasters, mass casualty events, and in locating missing people.
Boat Dog Not really
German Shepherd breed usually doesn't like being on a boat.
Not really
Berger Picard breed usually doesn't like being on a boat.
Not really
Border Collie breed usually doesn't like being on a boat.
Cart Pulling or Drafting Dog Not really
A drafting dog or draft dog is a dog bred and used for cart pulling.
Not really
A drafting dog or draft dog is a dog bred and used for cart pulling.
Not really
A drafting dog or draft dog is a dog bred and used for cart pulling.

Health Factors - German Shepherd vs Berger Picard vs Border Collie

Health Issues
German Shepherds are commonly healthy dogs.
Berger Picards tend to have more and frequent health issues than other breeds.
The Border Collie is a healthy breed, but there are certain health issues that you should check with your vet regularly.
Health Problems Allergies Blindness Bloat Cancer Cataracts Cherry Eye Chronic Diarrhea Cruciate Ligament Rupture Cushing's Syndrome Degenerative Myelopathy Demodectic Mange Diabetes Digestive Problems Elbow Dysplasia Epilepsy Exocrine Pancreatic Insufficiency Heart Disease Hemophilia A Hemophilia B Hip Dysplasia Hypertrophic Osteodystrophy Lens Luxation Lupus Megaesophagus Myasthenia Gravis Nail Bed Disease Osteochondrosis Pannus Panosteitis Paralysis Perianal Fistula Progressive retinal atrophy (PRA) Retinal Dysplasia Seborrhea Vitiligo Von Willebrand's Disease Wobbler's Syndrome Eye Infections Hip Dysplasia Progressive retinal atrophy (PRA) Retinal Dysplasia Allergies Collie Eye Anomaly Epilepsy Hip Dysplasia Osteochondrosis Dissecans Progressive retinal atrophy (PRA)
Life Expectancy 10-13 years 12-15 years 12-15 years
Hypoallergenic No No No
Energy Level
German Shepherds are high energy dogs.
Berger Picards are high energy dogs.
Border Collies are high energy dogs.
Exercise Need
German Shepherds need quite a lot of exercise.
Berger Picards need a lot of exercises.
Border Collies need a lot of exercises.
Sleeping Need
German Shepherds don't need too much sleep.
Berger Picards don't need too much sleep.
Border Collies don't need too much sleep.
Avg. daily food consumption 3 to 4 cups of high-quality dry food a day, divided into two meals. 4 to 5 cups of high-quality dry food a day, divided into two meals. 1.5 to 2 cups of high-quality dry food a day, divided into two or three meals.
Weight Gain Potential
Low to Average.
Average.
Average.
Weather & Climate Tolerates warm and cold weather. Prefers average to cold weather conditions
The Berger Picard can adapt to well to cold weather conditions, some dogs even can be a good mountain dog.
Prefers average to cold weather conditions
The Border Collie can adapt to well to cold weather conditions, some dogs even can be a good mountain dog.
Stinkiness Medium
The German Shepherd has an average chance of bad smell.
Medium
The Berger Picard has an average chance of bad smell.
Medium
The Border Collie has an average chance of bad smell.
Drooling tendency
The German Shepherd is a perfect example for very low drooling tendency.
The Berger Picard is a perfect example for very low drooling tendency.
The Border Collie is a perfect example for very low drooling tendency.

Reproducibility - German Shepherd vs Berger Picard vs Border Collie

Gestation Length 60-64 days 60-64 days 60-64 days
How often can the have a litter? Once a year.
More frequent breeding is not healthy.
Once a year.
More frequent breeding is not healthy.
Once a year.
More frequent breeding is not healthy.
Litter Size 6-10 puppies 2-10 puppies, average 6 4-8 puppies

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