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German Shepherd vs Cavalier King Charles Spaniel vs Leonberger – Which one is a better dog breed for you?

"Find similarities and differences between German Shepherd vs Cavalier King Charles Spaniel vs Leonberger" Compare German Shepherd and Cavalier King Charles Spaniel. Which is better: German Shepherd or Cavalier King Charles Spaniel or Leonberger?
Name German Shepherd Cavalier King Charles Spaniel Leonberger
OriginsGermany England Germany
Group Pastoral Dogs (Herding Dogs) Companion Dogs Working Dogs
Popularity Rank219100
Reviews531
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Other Names Alsatian, Berger Allemand, Alsatian wolf dog (UK), Deutscher Schäferhund, Schäferhund Cav, Cavalier, Cavie Leo, Gentle Lion, Gentle Giant, Leonbergi
Breed Type Purebred Purebred Purebred
AKC Group Recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1908 as a Herding breed. Recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1995 as a Toy breed. Recognized by the American Kennel Club in 2010 as a Working breed.
FCI Group Recognized by FCI in the Sheepdogs and Cattledogs (except Swiss Cattledogs) group, in the Sheepdogs section. Recognized by FCI in the Companion and Toy Dogs group, in the English Toy Spaniels section. Recognized by FCI in the Pinscher and Schnauzer - Molossoid and Swiss Mountain and Cattledogs group, in the Molossian type section.
Breed Recognition American Canine Registry
American Kennel Club
America's Pet Registry
Canadian Kennel Club
Dog Registry of America Inc.
Federation Cynologique Internationale
Kennel Club of Great Britain
North American Purebred Registry, Inc.
American Canine Association, Inc.
Australian National Kennel Council
Continental Kennel Club
National Kennel Club
New Zealand Kennel Club
United Kennel Club
German Shepherd Dog Club Of America
American Canine Registry
American Kennel Club
America's Pet Registry
Canadian Kennel Club
Dog Registry of America Inc.
Federation Cynologique Internationale
Kennel Club of Great Britain
North American Purebred Registry, Inc.
American Canine Association, Inc.
Australian National Kennel Council
Continental Kennel Club
National Kennel Club
New Zealand Kennel Club
United Kennel Club
American Canine Registry
American Kennel Club
America's Pet Registry
Canadian Kennel Club
Dog Registry of America Inc.
Federation Cynologique Internationale
Kennel Club of Great Britain
North American Purebred Registry, Inc.
American Canine Association, Inc.
Continental Kennel Club
National Kennel Club
New Zealand Kennel Club
Price $800-$2000 $1200-$1500 $1500-$2000

General Appearance - German Shepherd vs Cavalier King Charles Spaniel vs Leonberger

Size Large Small Giant
Weight Male: 66-88 pounds (30-40 kg), Female: 49-71 pounds (22-32 kg) 10-18 pounds (5-8 kg) Male: 130-170 pounds (59-77 kg), Female: 100-130 pounds (45-59 kg)
Avg. Weight Male: 77 pounds (35 kg), Female: 60 pounds (27 kg) 14 pounds (6.5 kg) Male: 150 pounds (68 kg), Female: 115 pounds (52 kg)
Height Male: 24-26 inches (60-65 cm), Female: 22-24 inches (55-60 cm) 12-13 inches (30-33 cm) Male: 29-31 inches (74-80 cm), Female: 27-29 inches (61-74 cm)
Avg. Height Male: 25 inches (62.5 cm), Female: 23 inches (57.5 cm) 12.5 inches (31.5 cm) Male: 30 inches (77 cm), Female: 28 inches (67.5 cm)

Hair & Care - German Shepherd vs Cavalier King Charles Spaniel vs Leonberger

Coat Fuzzy Feathered Waterproof
Colors Silver
Tan
Red
Black
Tan
Blenheim
Tricolor
Ruby
Red
Sandy
Reddish
Brown
Yellow
Mahogany
Grooming
Average: The German Shepherd requires average grooming effort.
Average: The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel requires average grooming effort.
Average: The Leonberger requires average grooming effort.
Shedding Level
German Shepherds are heavy shedders.
Cavalier King Charles Spaniels shed above average.
Leonbergers are heavy shedders.

Characteristics - German Shepherd vs Cavalier King Charles Spaniel vs Leonberger

Temperament Alert
Courageous
Intelligent
Obedient
Confident
Curious
Loyal
Watchful
Affectionate
Courageous
Intelligent
Cheerful
Gentle
Social
Polite
Quiet
Active
Graceful
Fearless
Friendly
Nonaggressive
Sporty
No tendency towards nervousness
Adaptable
Fearless
Loyal
Companionable
Loving
Obedient
Intelligent Rank
Outstanding: German Shepherd is one of the brightest dog breeds.
Average: Cavalier King Charles Spaniel's has average obedience intelligence.
Average: Leonberger's has average obedience intelligence.
Trainability
German Shepherds are easy to train.
Cavalier King Charles Spaniels are quite easy to train.
Leonbergers are quite easy to train.
Playfulness
German Shepherds, like any other dog breed, like playing.
Cavalier King Charles Spaniels, like any other dog breed, like playing.
The Leonberger is a playful breed.
Sensitivity Level
German Shepherds don't like an irregular daily routine, noisy household and frequent guest visits.
Cavalier King Charles Spaniels don't like an irregular daily routine, noisy household and frequent guest visits.
They are a little bit more sensitive than other dog breeds.
Affection Level
German Shepherds are genuinely loyal, soft and gentle, loving and affectionate dogs toward their handlers.
Cavalier King Charles Spaniels are genuinely loyal, soft and gentle, loving and affectionate dogs toward their handlers.
Leonbergers are genuinely loyal, soft and gentle, loving and affectionate dogs toward their handlers.
Social Needs
German Shepherds need for social interaction is average.
Cavalier King Charles Spaniels need a lot of social interaction.
Leonbergers need a lot of social interaction.
Barking
Low to Average: The German Shepherd rarely barks.
Average: The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel barks occasionally.
Low: The Leonberger barks none to minimal.
Watchdog Ability
German Shepherds are one of the best watchdogs.
Cavalier King Charles Spaniels are not the best watchdogs.
Leonbergers are one of the best watchdogs.
Territorial
German Shepherds are extremely protective guard dogs.
Cavalier King Charles Spaniels are not the best to protect their territory.
Leonbergers are extremely protective guard dogs.
Biting Potential High
The German Shepherd has a high chance of biting somebody.
Low
The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel has a low chance of biting somebody.
Low
The Leonberger has a low chance of biting somebody.
Mouthiness
German Shepherds have a strong tendency to nip, chew, play-bite, or herd people.
Cavalier King Charles Spaniels have an average tendency to nip, chew, play-bite, or herd people.
Leonbergers have a higher than average tendency to nip, chew, play-bite, or herd people.
Impulse to Wander or Roam
German Shepherds are not the biggest explorers.
Cavalier King Charles Spaniels tend to escape less than other breeds.
Leonbergers tend to escape less than other breeds.
Prey Drive
German Shepherds have a higher impulse to chase and catch something than other dog breeds.
Cavalier King Charles Spaniels have an average prey drive, which means that they don't have a high impulse to chase and catch something like a cat or any other small aminals, but it might happen.
Leonbergers have a higher impulse to chase and catch something than other dog breeds.
Apartment Friendly
German Shepherds are not the best choice for an apartment lifestyle, but they don't mind being inside if you walk them several times every day.
Cavalier King Charles Spaniels are very apartment-friendly dogs.
Leonbergers are not apartment-friendly dogs.
Adaptability
German Shepherds adapt very well to lifestyle changes and basically all living environments.
Cavalier King Charles Spaniels adapt very well to lifestyle changes and basically all living environments.
Leonbergers adapt to lifestyle changes and different living environments quite okay usually.
Tolerates Being Left Alone
Just like every puppy, they are prone to panic, cry, bark, whine when they left alone by their owner.
Cavalier King Charles Spaniels tend to have separation anxiety when their owners left them alone at home because they bond very closely with them.
Leonbergers tend to have separation anxiety when their owners left them alone at home because they bond very closely with them.
Fighting Dog Yes
In history, this breed was unfortunately used for combat dog.
Not really
In history, this breed was not really used for combat dog.
Not really
In history, this breed was not really used for combat dog.

Good With - German Shepherd vs Cavalier King Charles Spaniel vs Leonberger

Stranger Friendly
German Shepherds are stranger friendly dogs.
Cavalier King Charles Spaniels are very stranger friendly dogs.
Leonbergers are average friendly towards strangers.
Child Friendly
German Shepherds are very kid-friendly dogs.
Cavalier King Charles Spaniels are very kid-friendly dogs.
Leonbergers are very kid-friendly dogs.
Cat Friendly
German Shepherds are average friendly towards cats.
Cavalier King Charles Spaniels are average friendly towards cats.
Leonbergers are average friendly towards cats.
Dog Friendly
German Shepherds are not the most dog-friendly dogs.
Cavalier King Charles Spaniels are very dog-friendly dogs.
Leonbergers are dog-friendly dogs.
Office Friendly No
German Shepherd is not the best dog breed for office environment.
No
Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is not the best dog breed for office environment.
No
Leonberger is not the best dog breed for office environment.
Senior Citizens Friendly
German Shepherds are one of the best breeds for elderly people.
Cavalier King Charles Spaniels are one of the best breeds for elderly people.
Leonbergers are one of the best breeds for elderly people.
Pet Friendly
German Shepherds are generally with other pets.
Cavalier King Charles Spaniels are generally with other pets.
Leonbergers are generally with other pets.
Good For First Time Owners No
German Shepherds are not good for novice owners, due to their stubborn personality.
No
Cavalier King Charles Spaniels are not good for novice owners, due to their stubborn personality.
No
Leonbergers are not good for novice owners, due to their stubborn personality.
Service Dog Yes
This breed makes good as a service dog.
Not really
This breed generally not used as a service dog.
Not really
This breed generally not used as a service dog.
Therapy Dog Yes
This breed makes a perfect therapy dog.
Yes
This breed makes a perfect therapy dog.
Not really
This breed generally not used as a therapy dog.
Detection Dog or Sniffer Dog Yes
A detection dog or sniffer dog is a dog that is trained to use its senses (mostly its smell) to detect substances such as explosives, illegal drugs, wildlife scat, currency, blood, and contraband electronics such as illicit mobile phones.
Not really
A detection dog or sniffer dog is a dog that is trained to use its senses (mostly its smell) to detect substances such as explosives, illegal drugs, wildlife scat, currency, blood, and contraband electronics such as illicit mobile phones.
Not really
A detection dog or sniffer dog is a dog that is trained to use its senses (mostly its smell) to detect substances such as explosives, illegal drugs, wildlife scat, currency, blood, and contraband electronics such as illicit mobile phones.
Search and Rescue Dog (SAR) Yes
The use of dogs in search and rescue (SAR) is a valuable component in wilderness tracking, natural disasters, mass casualty events, and in locating missing people.
Not really
The use of dogs in search and rescue (SAR) is a valuable component in wilderness tracking, natural disasters, mass casualty events, and in locating missing people.
Not really
The use of dogs in search and rescue (SAR) is a valuable component in wilderness tracking, natural disasters, mass casualty events, and in locating missing people.
Boat Dog Not really
German Shepherd breed usually doesn't like being on a boat.
Not really
Cavalier King Charles Spaniel breed usually doesn't like being on a boat.
Not really
Leonberger breed usually doesn't like being on a boat.
Cart Pulling or Drafting Dog Not really
A drafting dog or draft dog is a dog bred and used for cart pulling.
Not really
A drafting dog or draft dog is a dog bred and used for cart pulling.
Yes
A drafting dog or draft dog is a dog bred and used for cart pulling.

Health Factors - German Shepherd vs Cavalier King Charles Spaniel vs Leonberger

Health Issues
German Shepherds are commonly healthy dogs.
Cavalier King Charles Spaniels tend to have more and frequent health issues than other breeds.
Leonbergers tend to have more and frequent health issues than other breeds.
Health Problems Allergies
Blindness
Bloat
Cancer
Cataracts
Cherry Eye
Chronic Diarrhea
Cruciate Ligament Rupture
Cushing's Syndrome
Degenerative Myelopathy
Demodectic Mange
Diabetes
Digestive Problems
Elbow Dysplasia
Epilepsy
Exocrine Pancreatic Insufficiency
Heart Disease
Hemophilia A
Hemophilia B
Hip Dysplasia
Hypertrophic Osteodystrophy
Lens Luxation
Lupus
Megaesophagus
Myasthenia Gravis
Nail Bed Disease
Osteochondrosis
Pannus
Panosteitis
Paralysis
Perianal Fistula
Progressive retinal atrophy (PRA)
Retinal Dysplasia
Seborrhea
Vitiligo
Von Willebrand's Disease
Wobbler's Syndrome
Dry Eye
Episodic Falling Syndrome
Hip Dysplasia
Mitral Valve Disease
Patellar Luxation
Syringomyelia
Addison's Disease
Bloat
Cancer
Ectropion
Elbow Dysplasia
Entropion
Eosinophilic Panosteitis
Hip Dysplasia
Inherited Polyneuropathy
Life Expectancy 10-13 years 10-14 years 8-10 years
Hypoallergenic No No No
Energy Level
German Shepherds are high energy dogs.
Cavalier King Charles Spaniels have an average energy level, so if you live a semi-active life, this breed can be a good choice for you.
Leonbergers have a higher energy level than other dog breeds.
Exercise Need
German Shepherds need quite a lot of exercise.
Cavalier King Charles Spaniels have an average exercise need.
Leonbergers need quite a lot of exercise.
Sleeping Need
German Shepherds don't need too much sleep.
Cavalier King Charles Spaniels sleep 12-14 hours a day as an average dog and they're not considered as a lazy breed.
Leonbergers are quite energetic dogs and they don't spend to much time with sleeping.
Avg. daily food consumption 3 to 4 cups of high-quality dry food a day, divided into two meals. 1 to 1.5 cups of high-quality dry food a day, divided into two meals. 8 to 10 cups of high-quality dry food a day, divided into two meals
Weight Gain Potential
Low to Average.
Average to High.
Average to High.
Weather & Climate Tolerates warm and cold weather. Tolerates warm and cold weather. Prefers cold weather
The Leonberger can adapt well to harsh weather conditions, and also can be a good mountain dog.
Stinkiness Medium
The German Shepherd has an average chance of bad smell.
High
The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel has a high chance of bad smell.
Medium
The Leonberger has an average chance of bad smell.
Drooling tendency
The German Shepherd is a perfect example for very low drooling tendency.
The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is a perfect example for very low drooling tendency.
The Leonberger is an average drooler.

Reproducibility - German Shepherd vs Cavalier King Charles Spaniel vs Leonberger

Gestation Length 60-64 days 60-64 days 60-64 days
How often can the have a litter? Once a year.
More frequent breeding is not healthy.
Once a year.
More frequent breeding is not healthy.
Once a year.
More frequent breeding is not healthy.
Litter Size 6-10 puppies 3-5 puppies 6-8 puppies

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