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German Shepherd vs Mastiff vs Newfoundland – Which one is a better dog breed for you?

"Find similarities and differences between German Shepherd vs Mastiff vs Newfoundland" Compare German Shepherd and Mastiff. Which is better: German Shepherd or Mastiff or Newfoundland?
Name German Shepherd Mastiff Newfoundland
OriginsGermany England Canada
Group Pastoral Dogs (Herding Dogs) Working Dogs Working Dogs
Popularity Rank22836
Reviews402
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Other Names Alsatian, Berger Allemand, Alsatian wolf dog (UK), Deutscher Schäferhund, Schäferhund English Mastiff, Old English Mastiff Newf, Newfie, The Gentle Giant, Blackbear
Breed Type Purebred Purebred Purebred
AKC Group Recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1908 as a Herding breed. Recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1885 as a Working breed. Recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1886 as a Working breed.
FCI Group Recognized by FCI in the Sheepdogs and Cattledogs (except Swiss Cattledogs) group, in the Sheepdogs section. Not recognized by FCI. Recognized by FCI in the Pinscher and Schnauzer - Molossoid and Swiss Mountain and Cattledogs group, in the Molossian type section.
Breed Recognition American Canine Registry
American Kennel Club
America's Pet Registry
Canadian Kennel Club
Dog Registry of America Inc.
Federation Cynologique Internationale
Kennel Club of Great Britain
North American Purebred Registry, Inc.
American Canine Association, Inc.
Australian National Kennel Council
Continental Kennel Club
National Kennel Club
New Zealand Kennel Club
United Kennel Club
German Shepherd Dog Club Of America
American Canine Registry
American Kennel Club
America's Pet Registry
Canadian Kennel Club
Dog Registry of America Inc.
Federation Cynologique Internationale
Kennel Club of Great Britain
North American Purebred Registry, Inc.
American Canine Association, Inc.
Australian National Kennel Council
Continental Kennel Club
National Kennel Club
New Zealand Kennel Club
United Kennel Club
American Canine Registry
American Kennel Club
America's Pet Registry
Canadian Kennel Club
Dog Registry of America Inc.
Federation Cynologique Internationale
Kennel Club of Great Britain
North American Purebred Registry, Inc.
American Canine Association, Inc.
Australian National Kennel Council
Continental Kennel Club
National Kennel Club
New Zealand Kennel Club
United Kennel Club
Price $800-$2000 $1200-$1500 $1500-$2000

General Appearance - German Shepherd vs Mastiff vs Newfoundland

Size Large Giant Giant
Weight Male: 66-88 pounds (30-40 kg), Female: 49-71 pounds (22-32 kg) Male: 150-250 pounds (68-113 kg), Female: 120-180 pounds (54-82 kg) Male: 130-150 pounds (59-68 kg), Female: 100-120 pounds (45-54 kg)
Avg. Weight Male: 77 pounds (35 kg), Female: 60 pounds (27 kg) Male: 200 pounds (90.5 kg), Female: 150 pounds (68 kg) Male: 140 pounds (63.5 kg), Female: 110 pounds (49.5 kg)
Height Male: 24-26 inches (60-65 cm), Female: 22-24 inches (55-60 cm) Male: 30 inches (76 cm), Female: 27.5 inches (70 cm) Male: 27-29 inches (69-74 cm), Female: 25-27 inches (63-69 cm)
Avg. Height Male: 25 inches (62.5 cm), Female: 23 inches (57.5 cm) Male: 30 inches (76 cm), Female: 27.5 inches (70 cm) Male: 28 inches (71.5 cm), Female: 26 inches (66 cm)

Hair & Care - German Shepherd vs Mastiff vs Newfoundland

Coat Fuzzy Dense Fluffy
Waterproof
Thick
Colors Silver
Tan
Red
Black
Apricot
Fawn
Brindle
Gray
Brown
White
Black
Grooming
Average: The German Shepherd requires average grooming effort.
Easy to groom: The Mastiff doesn't require a lot of grooming.
Professional: This breed needs a lot of work to keep in good condition.
Shedding Level
German Shepherds are heavy shedders.
Mastiffs shed moderately.
Newfoundlands are heavy shedders.

Characteristics - German Shepherd vs Mastiff vs Newfoundland

Temperament Alert
Courageous
Intelligent
Obedient
Confident
Curious
Loyal
Watchful
Affectionate
Cheerful
Intelligent
Protective
Alert
Courageous
Loyal
Cheerful
Intelligent
Social
Gentle
Courageous
Loyal
Sweet
Intelligent Rank
Outstanding: German Shepherd is one of the brightest dog breeds.
Average: Mastiff's has average obedience intelligence.
Smart: Newfoundland's has great intelligence.
Trainability
German Shepherds are easy to train.
Mastiffs are quite easy to train.
Newfoundlands are easy to train.
Playfulness
German Shepherds, like any other dog breed, like playing.
Mastiffs are not the most playful dog breed.
Newfoundlands, like any other dog breed, like playing.
Sensitivity Level
German Shepherds don't like an irregular daily routine, noisy household and frequent guest visits.
Mastiffs have an average emotional level and are not the most sensitive dog breed.
They are a little bit more sensitive than other dog breeds.
Affection Level
German Shepherds are genuinely loyal, soft and gentle, loving and affectionate dogs toward their handlers.
Mastiffs are genuinely loyal, soft and gentle, loving and affectionate dogs toward their handlers.
Newfoundlands are highly affectionate dogs.
Social Needs
German Shepherds need for social interaction is average.
Mastiffs need for social interaction is average.
Newfoundlands are a social breed.
Barking
Low to Average: The German Shepherd rarely barks.
Low: The Mastiff barks none to minimal.
Low to Average: The Newfoundland rarely barks.
Watchdog Ability
German Shepherds are one of the best watchdogs.
Mastiffs are one of the best watchdogs.
Newfoundlands are one of the best watchdogs.
Territorial
German Shepherds are extremely protective guard dogs.
Mastiffs are extremely protective guard dogs.
Newfoundlands are extremely protective guard dogs.
Biting Potential High
The German Shepherd has a high chance of biting somebody.
Moderate
The Mastiff has an average chance of biting somebody.
Low
The Newfoundland has a low chance of biting somebody.
Mouthiness
German Shepherds have a strong tendency to nip, chew, play-bite, or herd people.
Mastiffs have a higher than average tendency to nip, chew, play-bite, or herd people.
Newfoundlands have an average tendency to nip, chew, play-bite, or herd people.
Impulse to Wander or Roam
German Shepherds are not the biggest explorers.
Mastiffs are not the biggest explorers.
Newfoundlands have average wanderlust potential.
Prey Drive
German Shepherds have a higher impulse to chase and catch something than other dog breeds.
Mastiffs don't have an impulse to catch or chase small animals.
Newfoundlands have a higher impulse to chase and catch something than other dog breeds.
Apartment Friendly
German Shepherds are not the best choice for an apartment lifestyle, but they don't mind being inside if you walk them several times every day.
Mastiffs are not the best choice for an apartment lifestyle, but they don't mind being inside if you walk them several times every day.
Newfoundlands are not the best choice for an apartment lifestyle, but they don't mind being inside if you walk them several times every day.
Adaptability
German Shepherds adapt very well to lifestyle changes and basically all living environments.
Mastiffs adapt very well to lifestyle changes and basically all living environments.
Newfoundlands adapt well to lifestyle changes and different living environments.
Tolerates Being Left Alone
Just like every puppy, they are prone to panic, cry, bark, whine when they left alone by their owner.
Just like every puppy, they are prone to panic, cry, bark, whine when they left alone by their owner.
Newfoundlands do best when a family member is at home during the day or if their workplace is dog-friendly so they can take the dog at work.
Fighting Dog Yes
In history, this breed was unfortunately used for combat dog.
Not really
In history, this breed was not really used for combat dog.
Not really
In history, this breed was not really used for combat dog.

Good With - German Shepherd vs Mastiff vs Newfoundland

Stranger Friendly
German Shepherds are stranger friendly dogs.
Mastiffs are average friendly towards strangers.
Newfoundlands are stranger friendly dogs.
Child Friendly
German Shepherds are very kid-friendly dogs.
Mastiffs are very kid-friendly dogs.
Newfoundlands are very kid-friendly dogs.
Cat Friendly
German Shepherds are average friendly towards cats.
Mastiffs are very cat-friendly dogs.
Newfoundlands are very cat-friendly dogs.
Dog Friendly
German Shepherds are not the most dog-friendly dogs.
Mastiffs are average friendly towards other dogs.
Newfoundlands are dog-friendly dogs.
Office Friendly No
German Shepherd is not the best dog breed for office environment.
No
Mastiff is not the best dog breed for office environment.
No
Newfoundland is not the best dog breed for office environment.
Senior Citizens Friendly
German Shepherds are one of the best breeds for elderly people.
Mastiffs are one of the best breeds for elderly people.
Newfoundlands are one of the best breeds for elderly people.
Pet Friendly
German Shepherds are generally with other pets.
Mastiffs are one of the friendliest dog breeds.
Newfoundlands are one of the friendliest dog breeds.
Good For First Time Owners No
German Shepherds are not good for novice owners, due to their stubborn personality.
Yes
Mastiffs are good for novice owners, due to their easy-going personality.
No
Newfoundlands are not good for novice owners, due to their stubborn personality.
Service Dog Yes
This breed makes good as a service dog.
Not really
This breed generally not used as a service dog.
Yes
This breed makes good as a service dog.
Therapy Dog Yes
This breed makes a perfect therapy dog.
Not really
This breed generally not used as a therapy dog.
Not really
This breed generally not used as a therapy dog.
Detection Dog or Sniffer Dog Yes
A detection dog or sniffer dog is a dog that is trained to use its senses (mostly its smell) to detect substances such as explosives, illegal drugs, wildlife scat, currency, blood, and contraband electronics such as illicit mobile phones.
Not really
A detection dog or sniffer dog is a dog that is trained to use its senses (mostly its smell) to detect substances such as explosives, illegal drugs, wildlife scat, currency, blood, and contraband electronics such as illicit mobile phones.
Not really
A detection dog or sniffer dog is a dog that is trained to use its senses (mostly its smell) to detect substances such as explosives, illegal drugs, wildlife scat, currency, blood, and contraband electronics such as illicit mobile phones.
Search and Rescue Dog (SAR) Yes
The use of dogs in search and rescue (SAR) is a valuable component in wilderness tracking, natural disasters, mass casualty events, and in locating missing people.
Not really
The use of dogs in search and rescue (SAR) is a valuable component in wilderness tracking, natural disasters, mass casualty events, and in locating missing people.
Yes
The use of dogs in search and rescue (SAR) is a valuable component in wilderness tracking, natural disasters, mass casualty events, and in locating missing people.
Boat Dog Not really
German Shepherd breed usually doesn't like being on a boat.
Not really
Mastiff breed usually doesn't like being on a boat.
Yes
Newfoundland breed usually likes being on a boat.
Cart Pulling or Drafting Dog Not really
A drafting dog or draft dog is a dog bred and used for cart pulling.
Yes
A drafting dog or draft dog is a dog bred and used for cart pulling.
Yes
A drafting dog or draft dog is a dog bred and used for cart pulling.

Health Factors - German Shepherd vs Mastiff vs Newfoundland

Health Issues
German Shepherds are commonly healthy dogs.
Mastiffs are commonly healthy dogs.
Very healthy dog breed.
Health Problems Allergies
Blindness
Bloat
Cancer
Cataracts
Cherry Eye
Chronic Diarrhea
Cruciate Ligament Rupture
Cushing's Syndrome
Degenerative Myelopathy
Demodectic Mange
Diabetes
Digestive Problems
Elbow Dysplasia
Epilepsy
Exocrine Pancreatic Insufficiency
Heart Disease
Hemophilia A
Hemophilia B
Hip Dysplasia
Hypertrophic Osteodystrophy
Lens Luxation
Lupus
Megaesophagus
Myasthenia Gravis
Nail Bed Disease
Osteochondrosis
Pannus
Panosteitis
Paralysis
Perianal Fistula
Progressive retinal atrophy (PRA)
Retinal Dysplasia
Seborrhea
Vitiligo
Von Willebrand's Disease
Wobbler's Syndrome
Bloat
Cancer
Cystinuria
Hip Dysplasia
Progressive retinal atrophy (PRA)
Seizures
Addison's Disease
Bloat
Cancer
Cataracts
Cherry Eye
Cystinuria
Elbow Dysplasia
Epilepsy
Hip Dysplasia
Hypothyroidism
Subvalvular Aortic Stenosis
Life Expectancy 10-13 years 10-12 years 9-12 years
Hypoallergenic No No No
Energy Level
German Shepherds are high energy dogs.
Mastiffs have a lower energy level than other dogs.
Newfoundlands have an average energy level, so if you live a semi-active life, this breed can be a good choice for you.
Exercise Need
German Shepherds need quite a lot of exercise.
Mastiffs exercise need is minimal.
Newfoundlands have an average exercise need.
Sleeping Need
German Shepherds don't need too much sleep.
Mastiffs like sleeping so they do sleep a lot.
Newfoundlands sleep 12-14 hours a day as an average dog and they're not considered as a lazy breed.
Avg. daily food consumption 3 to 4 cups of high-quality dry food a day, divided into two meals. 8 to 10 cups of high-quality dry food a day, divided into two meals 5 to 6 cups of high-quality dry food a day, divided into two meals.
Weight Gain Potential
Low to Average.
Average to High.
Average to High.
Weather & Climate Tolerates warm and cold weather. Prefers average to cold weather conditions
The Mastiff can adapt to well to cold weather conditions, some dogs even can be a good mountain dog.
Prefers cold weather
The Newfoundland can adapt well to harsh weather conditions, and also can be a good mountain dog.
Stinkiness Medium
The German Shepherd has an average chance of bad smell.
High
The Mastiff has a high chance of bad smell.
High
The Newfoundland has a high chance of bad smell.
Drooling tendency
The German Shepherd is a perfect example for very low drooling tendency.
The Mastiff is a big drooler, so if you're disgusted by slobber spots on your clothes, you should choose a dog from another breed.
The Newfoundland is a big drooler, so if you're disgusted by slobber spots on your clothes, you should choose a dog from another breed.

Reproducibility - German Shepherd vs Mastiff vs Newfoundland

Gestation Length 60-64 days 60-64 days 60-64 days
How often can the have a litter? Once a year.
More frequent breeding is not healthy.
Once a year.
More frequent breeding is not healthy.
Once a year.
More frequent breeding is not healthy.
Litter Size 6-10 puppies 3-5 puppies 4-12 puppies

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