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Newfoundland Information & Dog Breed Facts

Collection of all the general dog breed info about Newfoundland so you can get to know the breed more.

Group Working Dogs
Popularity Rank36
Reviews2
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Newfoundland
OriginCanada
Other Names
What other names does the Newfoundland have? The dog breed also known as...
Newf, Newfie, The Gentle Giant, Blackbear
Breed Type
What type of dog breed is it?
Purebred
AKC Group
Is Newfoundland recognized by the American Kennel Club?
Recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1886 as a Working breed.
FCI Group
Is Newfoundland recognized by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI)?
Recognized by FCI in the Pinscher and Schnauzer - Molossoid and Swiss Mountain and Cattledogs group, in the Molossian type section.
Breed Recognition
What kennel clubs and organizations recognize or register the Newfoundland breed?
American Canine RegistryAmerican Kennel ClubAmerica's Pet RegistryCanadian Kennel ClubDog Registry of America Inc.Federation Cynologique InternationaleKennel Club of Great BritainNorth American Purebred Registry, Inc.American Canine Association, Inc.Australian National Kennel CouncilContinental Kennel ClubNational Kennel ClubNew Zealand Kennel ClubUnited Kennel Club
Price
How much does the Newfoundland puppy cost? What is the price range of this puppy? What is the average price of this dog in the United States? Is this puppy expensive? How much should I pay for it? Newfoundland price:
$1500-$2000
If you choose to purchase the Newfoundland, you should know that the mentioned amount of money is an average of the collected data from breeders’ sites and puppy finder places. If you have a Newfoundland for sale, please advertise it on a reliable website to make sure the Newfoundland gets to a happy place.
Availability
Very frequent

Newfoundland History

The exact origins of the Newfoundland breed are not certain; however, it is presumed that as their name suggests, that the breed finds its origins in Newfoundland, Canada, located on the north-eastern shore of the country. The first pioneers, who colonized Newfoundland in the 7th century, found two indigenous dogs in the region. The smaller type is considered to be the ancestor of today’s retriever breeds, and of the now-extinct St. John Water Dog, whereas the larger type was the forebearer of the Newfoundland we know today.

There are several theories around the breed’s historical background, one of them is that the dogs were introduced by the Vikings in the 11th century, and they bred them with the local wolves. According to another theory, Newfoundland is a result of cross-breeding the now-extinct American Black Wolf with the Tibetan Mastiff. The third assumption is the most likely among these, it states that the breed is the descendant of many European breeds interbred with each other, including the Portuguese Water Dog, Mastiffs, and the Pyrenean Sheep Dog, around the 15th and 16th centuries. In these early times, the breed was kept as an all-purpose working companion for fisherman. The dogs were mainly used to haul fishing nets and haul heavy equipment and carts, just like horses. Canadian fisherman relied on Newfoundland for a long time, as peerless shipboard working dogs who specialized in rescuing men from the water. The breed is an excellent swimmer, robust and strong enough to save a grown man from drowning in the water.

Sometimes in the late 18th century, an English botanist, named Sir Joseph Banks, acquired a Newfoundland, and in 1755 George Cartwright named the breed. In 1780 the breed got to the edge of extinction, due to government-imposed restrictions stating that Canadian families had to pay taxes on each dog they kept. A painter, named Sir Edwin Landseer significantly contributed to the breed’s resurgence, thanks to his paintings portraying famous people alongside Newfoundlands. In an honor of his efforts, later, both the black and the white variety of the breed got named after him, as Landseer. The Newfoundland is one of the world’s most beloved and valued breeds, with multiple examples showing their dedication to their owners. When Louis and Clark begin their track across the American continent, in 1802, a Newfoundland named Seaman was part of the expedition. They used him as a guard and hunter. One Seaman saved their life, by running off a huge rouge buffalo. Today, honoring Seaman there are ten different Louis and Clark monuments that depict him too.  In the late 1800s, Professor Albert Heim of Switzerland identified and described the breed.

The breed was first represented in England in 1860, where the dogs were extensively bred. This is the reason why most of the Newfoundlands in the world are descended from forebears born in England. The Newfoundland got registered by the AKC as their 32nd dog breed (American Kennel Club) in 1879. The breed was a beloved character at the White House multiple times. One named Brumus earned his breed’s “nanny dog” reputation, helping Senator and Mrs. Robert F. Kennedy to look after their eleven kids. President James Buchanan was also a Newfoundland owner. His dog, named Lara was considered a celebrity around the palace, because she always rested motionless for hours, with one eye open and one closed, always keeping an eye on her owner’s safety. Today the breed is kept as a family dog, yet they still work as search and rescue dogs with police and firemen.

Newfoundland General Appearance & Basic Info

Size
What size is this breed? How big is this dog? Newfoundland size:
Giant
Weight
How much does the Newfoundland weigh? Newfoundland weight:
Male: 130-150 pounds (59-68 kg), Female: 100-120 pounds (45-54 kg)
Avg. Weight
What is the average weight of the Newfoundland? Newfoundland average weight:
Male: 140 pounds (63.5 kg), Female: 110 pounds (49.5 kg)
Height
How tall is the Newfoundland? Newfoundland height:
Male: 27-29 inches (69-74 cm), Female: 25-27 inches (63-69 cm)
Avg. Height
What is the average height of this fido? Newfoundland average height:
Male: 28 inches (71.5 cm), Female: 26 inches (66 cm)

Newfoundland Hair & Care

Coat / Hair Types
What type of coat does the Newfoundland have? What does this canine coat/fur look like?
FluffyWaterproofThick
Colors
What color is the breed's coat? What color is a proper Newfoundland's coat?
GrayBrownWhiteBlack
Grooming
How to groom the Newfoundland and how often?
Professional: This breed needs a lot of work to keep in good condition. The Newfoundland requires grooming on a daily basis. Cutting the dog's hair by a professional groomer is essential. Everyday brushing of the dog's coat is necessary to reduce shedding. Ears and eyes should be cleaned regularly to avoid infections. Don't skip the seasonal flea treatment too. Dog nail trimming and dog bath should be on a weekly schedule. Taking good care of your Newfoundland is time consuming and requires excellent grooming skills. If you don't have the time and skill search for the best dog groomer or clipping service in your area and book an appointment. Maybe you're lucky to have a dog boarding service that includes grooming or walk in dog bath places nearby.
Shedding Level
How much do Newfoundland dogs shed? How to control, reduce and prevent the shedding of the Newf? Newfoundland shedding level:
Newfoundlands are heavy shedders. It's a natural process of the hair growth cycle. Be prepared for the daily vacuum cleaning. The amount and frequency of hair loss mostly depend on their health status and breed type.
Bath Time / Bathing Frequency
How often does the Newfoundland need a bath? How often should bathe this dog? Can I bathe my Newfoundland every day?
3-4 weeks
More often than average. These dog coats tend to be longer, softer, oilier than short-haired breeds. While a good bath every now and then is a great way to keep your buddy from becoming overly smelly, be mindful about overbathing. Bathing will wash away your dog’s natural oils, while a simple brushing every few days should keep them clean.

Newfoundland Characteristics

Temperament
What kind of personality does the Newfoundland have? What characteristics or traits does the breed have?
CheerfulIntelligentSocialGentleCourageousLoyalSweet
Intelligent Rank
How smart is the Newfoundland? Are they intelligent?
Smart: Newfoundland's has great intelligence. They understand and memorize new commands in 15-25 repetitions.
Trainability
Are Newfoundland dogs easy to train? Do they go well on dog training?
Newfoundlands are easy to train. They find out the association between commands and actions quite quickly.
Playfulness
How playful is this breed?
Newfoundlands, like any other dog breed, like playing. Sometimes they bark as excitement for playing, but they are not the most playful dog breed.
Sensitivity Level
How sensitive are they? Newfoundland sensitivity:
They are a little bit more sensitive than other dog breeds. Soft punishment affects them emotionally. Newfoundlands don't tolerate irregular daily routine, noisy household and frequent guest visits really well. They are receptive to their owner's emotions and make wonderful family companions.
Affection Level
How affectionate are they? Are they affectionate?
Newfoundlands are highly affectionate dogs. They like being involved in the family's life. This breed isn't considered as an aloof dog.
Social Needs
How much social interaction does the Newf need? Newfoundland social needs:
Newfoundlands are a social breed. They enjoy being around people or other animals. This breed doesn't tolerate being left alone.
Barking
Do Newfoundland dogs bark a lot? Are they barkers/noisy? Why does my Newfie bark?
Low to Average: The Newfoundland rarely barks. This breed could be a good choice if you're looking for a quiet breed. They don't bark unless there is a good reason. Top reasons for barking: protection, alarm, fear, boredom, attention seeking, greeting, separation anxiety, compulsive barking.
Watchdog Ability
Is Newfoundland good as a watchdog? Are they alert at night?
Newfoundlands are one of the best watchdogs. Their main job is to observe and they're very consistent in their effort. The best vocal cords and sense of hearing belong to them. Usually, they're very territorial and protective about their property, so the Newfoundland dogs will alert you if they sense something different.
Guarding Behavior / Territorial
Do Newfoundland dogs have an aggressive behavior to protect their home/house/territory? Do they have guarding instincts?
Newfoundlands are extremely protective guard dogs. This breed doesn't hesitate to protect their territory so the Newfoundland can be a good choice if you want an excellent guard dog. Keep calm and the Newfoundland will take care of unwanted people or animals.
Biting Potential
Do Newfoundland bite humans? How likely are you to get bitten from the Newf? What are the odds of getting bitten by a Newfoundland? Why do dog bites happen?
Low
The Newfoundland has a low chance of biting somebody. Top reasons for dog bite: protection, pain, excitement, herding instinct, being provoked. (Data based on the available online bite statistics.)
Bite Force
Does the Newfoundland has a hard bite?
Above 400 PSI
The strongest: Dogs that have a strong bite force are usually quite powerful and large. They are very protective of themselves and their families, therefore a dog bite from them could be exceptionally dangerous with their PSI being above 400. It is important that they’re trained to be around others safely.
Mouthiness
How much mouthing/nipping/play biting does the Newfoundland do?
Newfoundlands have an average tendency to nip, chew, play-bite, or herd people. It's a common habit during puppyhood, not aggressive behavior. These "bites" don't hurt, but Newfoundlands need to be taught for a good attitude.
Impulse to Wander or Roam
How likely is the Newfoundland to run away? Does this breed explore or wander a lot? Does Newfoundland roam?
Newfoundlands have average wanderlust potential. Sometimes they like to explore the world and they might escape once or twice, but usually, they prefer staying safely at home. Safer to teach them how to get back to you on command.
Prey Drive
Do this canine have a strong prey drive? Does Newfoundland have high prey drive?
Newfoundlands have a higher impulse to chase and catch something than other dog breeds. Cats or any other small animals might be in danger. It's a natural instinct, doesn't necessarily mean that Newfoundlands are aggressive. Better to keep this breed on a leash.
Apartment Friendly
Is Newfoundland good as an apartment dog? Can they live in a flat?
Nem a legjobb választás Newfoundland, ha lakásban szeretnéd tartani, ugyanakkor alapos lemozgatással, napi többszöri sétával tolerálják a benti körülményeket is, így megoldható Newfoundland tartása lakásban.
Adaptability
Are they adaptable and easy-going?
Newfoundlands adapt well to lifestyle changes and different living environments. They don't mind moving from one place to another with their owner.
Tolerates Being Left Alone
Can you leave this breed home alone?
Newfoundlands do best when a family member is at home during the day or if their workplace is dog-friendly so they can take the dog at work.
Fighting Dog
Where Newfoundland dogs used as a fighting dog in the history?
Not really
In history, this breed was not really used for combat dog.

Newfoundland Good With

Stranger Friendly
Are they aggressive or friendly towards/with strangers? Newfoundland temperament with other people:
Newfoundlands are stranger friendly dogs.
Child Friendly
Are Newfoundland dogs kid-friendly? Are they good with young children? Newfoundland temperament with children:
Newfoundlands are very kid-friendly dogs. This breed enjoys being surrounded by children.
Cat Friendly
How well do Newfoundland dogs get along with cats? Are they good with kittens? What is this fido's temperament with cats? Can they be good with cats?
Newfoundlands are very cat-friendly dogs.
Dog Friendly
Is Newfoundland good with other dogs? Are they dog-friendly dogs? How well do Newfoundland dogs get along with other dogs? What is this canine temperament with other dogs?
Newfoundlands are dog-friendly dogs. If you want more dogs in your family or you'd like to join dog meetups, the Newfoundland can be a great choice.
Good For First Time Owners
Is Newfoundland breed good for first-time owners? Do they make a good dog for novice owners?
No
Newfoundlands are not good for novice owners, due to their stubborn personality.
Service Dog
Are they good as service dogs? Can Newfoundland be a guide dog? Are they used as seeing-eye dogs?
Yes
This breed makes good as a service dog. A service dog is a term used in the USA to refer to any type of assistance dog specifically trained to help people who have disabilities, such as visual impairment, hearing impairments, mental disorders, seizures, mobility impairment, and diabetes. Service dogs are protected under the ADA (Americans with Disabilities Act). Newfoundland breed is a good choice for service purposes.
Therapy Dog
Are they good as therapy dogs? Can Newfoundland be a therapy dog? Are they good anxiety dogs? Can a Newfoundland be an emotional support animal?
Not really
This breed generally not used as a therapy dog. A therapy dog is a dog that might be trained to provide affection, comfort, and love to people in hospitals, retirement homes, nursing homes, schools, hospices, disaster areas, and to people with anxiety disorders or autism. Newfoundland is not the best breed for therapeutic purposes.
Detection Dog or Sniffer Dog
Are they good as detection dogs? Can Newfoundland be a sniffer dog?
Not really
A detection dog or sniffer dog is a dog that is trained to use its senses (mostly its smell) to detect substances such as explosives, illegal drugs, wildlife scat, currency, blood, and contraband electronics such as illicit mobile phones. Newfoundland is not the best breed for detection purposes.
Office Friendly
Are Newfoundlands good office dogs? Do Newfoundlands make good office friendly dogs? Can Newfoundlands be office dogs?
No
Newfoundland is not the best dog breed for office environment.
Search and Rescue Dog (SAR)
Are they good as SAR dogs? Can Newfoundland be a search and rescue dog?
Yes
The use of dogs in search and rescue (SAR) is a valuable component in wilderness tracking, natural disasters, mass casualty events, and in locating missing people. The Newfoundland breed is a good choice for SAR purposes.
Senior Citizens Friendly
Are they senior citizens friendly dogs? How well do Newfoundland dogs get along with the elderly people? What is the Newf temperament with senior people? Are Newfoundland dogs good for elderly owners?
Newfoundlands are one of the best breeds for elderly people.
Boat Dog
Are they good as boat dogs? Can Newfoundland be a boat dog?
Yes
Newfoundland breed usually likes being on a boat.
Pet Friendly
Are they pet-friendly dogs? How well do Newfoundland dogs get along with other pets? Are Newfoundland dogs good with pets? What is this canine temperament with other pets?
Newfoundlands are one of the friendliest dog breeds.
Cart Pulling or Drafting Dog
Are they good as cart pulling dogs? Can Newfoundland be a drafting dog?
Yes
A drafting dog or draft dog is a dog bred and used for cart pulling. Dogs bred for this work have strong builds and qualities that are needed, strength and determination. Newfoundland breed is a good choice for drafting purposes.

Newfoundland Health Factors

Health Issues
Is it a healthy or unhealthy breed? Do Newfoundland dogs have health problems or genetic diseases?
Very healthy dog breed. The Newfoundland rarely meets with the veterinarian.
Health Problems
What genetic/health problems does the Newfoundland breed have? What are the health issues and concerns of the Newfoundland breed? Most common health risks of Newfoundland:
Addison's DiseaseBloatCancerCataractsCherry EyeCystinuriaElbow DysplasiaEpilepsyHip DysplasiaHypothyroidismSubvalvular Aortic Stenosis
Veterinarian Visits
How often does the Newfoundland breed need to go to the vet? How often should you take your dog to the vet? How often should the Newfoundland see the vet?
Rare
The Newfoundland should have a complete physical check-up at least every 12-18 months (but preferably once per year). If your dog shows any symptoms, call your veterinarian.
Life Expectancy
How long do Newfoundland dogs live? What is the average lifespan of this breed? How old can a Newfoundland be? What is the age limit of the Newfoundland? How many years can the oldest Newfoundland live?
9-12 years
Hypoallergenic
Is the Newfoundland breed hypoallergenic?
No
Newfoundlands don't do well with allergy sufferers by causing allergic reaction. Some of the dog breeds are even considered to higher the possibility of an allergic response. Coat type isn't necessarily relevant, because most people are allergic to dander (flakes on the dog's skin) or saliva, not actually to dog hair.
Energy Level
How much energy does the Newfoundland have? What is the activity level of the Newfoundland?
Newfoundlands have an average energy level, so if you live a semi-active life, this breed can be a good choice for you.
Activity Requirement / Exercise Need
How much activity does this dog need? How much exercise do Newfoundland dogs require per day?
Newfoundlands have an average exercise need. This breed is satisfied with short walks every weekday and a long one on weekends.
Sleeping Need
How much sleep does this fido need?
Newfoundlands sleep 12-14 hours a day as an average dog and they're not considered as a lazy breed.
Avg. daily food consumption
How much food does the Newfoundland need? How often should I feed my canine? What dog products should I buy?
5 to 6 cups of high-quality dry food a day, divided into two meals.
Weight Gain Potential / Prone to Obesity
How easy to gain weight for this dog? Newfoundland risk for obesity:
Average to High. If you don't pay attention to the Newfoundland's weight, he can easily gain weight. More than one daily walk should be on schedule. To make your dog happy and fit, feed him with quality dry dog food and live an active life together. Try to find the happy medium between exercise and feeding. If you notice any weight gain, consult your veterinarian and make a diet plan. Reduce unhealthy food and snacks, and measure the Newfoundland's weight regularly.
Weather & Climate
Which weather condition is preferred by this dog? Can they tolerate hot and cold weather & climate?
Prefers cold weather
The Newfoundland can adapt well to harsh weather conditions, and also can be a good mountain dog.
Stinkiness
How stinky is this dog? Why does it smell bad and how to get rid of the smell?
High
The Newfoundland has a high chance of bad smell. Top reasons for dog stinkiness: infection of bad tooth/ear/skin folds, gas attacks.
Drooling tendency
Does the Newfoundland drool?
The Newfoundland is a big drooler, so if you're disgusted by slobber spots on your clothes, you should choose a dog from another breed. Drooling is the unintentional saliva flowing outside of the mouth. It can be completely normal or a sign of a health problem. Certain dog breeds drool much more than others, just like the Newfoundland. If you notice any change in your dog's drooling habit, you should contact a vet as soon as possible.

Newfoundland Reproducibility

Gestation Length
How long does this dog's pregnancy last? How long does this dog pregnant? How long does it take to have puppies?
60-64 days
Reproductive cycle of the female Newfoundland: The first period called Proestrus lasts for about 9 days. During this time the females start to attract males. You can notice by swelling vulva and bloody discharge. The second part is the Estrus when the female is receptive for the male. It lasts for about 3 to 11 days. The sign of the proestrus part is the soft and enlarged vulva. The discharge decreases and lightens in color. The third part is the Diestrus. Normally, it occurs around day 14. In this period the female’s discharge changes for vivid red and coming to its end. The vulva returns to average, and she will no longer permit mating. The fourth part called the Anestrus. The time frame between heat periods normally lasts about six months.
Litter Frequency Once a year.
More frequent breeding is not healthy. It is very important not to buy a dog from a puppy mill, where the needs of the pups and their mothers are ignored. It's an inhumane high-volume dog breeding facility, where puppies born several times a year.
Litter Size
How many puppies can the Newfoundland have? What is the average litter size of this fido?
4-12 puppies

Newfoundland Pros & Cons

Pros
  • Intelligent Rank: Smart: Newfoundland's has great intelligence.
  • Trainability: Newfoundlands are easy to train.
  • Health Issues: Very healthy dog breed.
  • Watchdog Ability: Newfoundlands are one of the best watchdogs.
  • Adaptability: Newfoundlands adapt well to lifestyle changes and different living environments.
  • Child Friendly: Newfoundlands are very kid-friendly dogs.
  • Cat Friendly: Newfoundlands are very cat-friendly dogs.
  • Dog Friendly: Newfoundlands are dog-friendly dogs.
  • Senior Citizens Friendly: Newfoundlands are one of the best breeds for elderly people.
  • Service Dog: This breed makes good as a service dog.
  • Search and Rescue Dog (SAR): The use of dogs in search and rescue (SAR) is a valuable component in wilderness tracking, natural disasters, mass casualty events, and in locating missing people.
  • Boat Dog: Newfoundland breed usually likes being on a boat.
  • Cart Pulling or Drafting Dog: A drafting dog or draft dog is a dog bred and used for cart pulling.
Cons
  • Hypoallergenic: Newfoundlands don't do well with allergy sufferers by causing allergic reaction.
  • Grooming: Professional: This breed needs a lot of work to keep in good condition.
  • Shedding Level: Newfoundlands are heavy shedders.
  • Drooling tendency: The Newfoundland is a big drooler, so if you're disgusted by slobber spots on your clothes, you should choose a dog from another breed.
  • Stinkiness: The Newfoundland has a high chance of bad smell.
  • Weight Gain Potential / Prone to Obesity: Average to High.
  • Tolerates Being Left Alone: Newfoundlands do best when a family member is at home during the day or if their workplace is dog-friendly so they can take the dog at work.
  • Office Friendly: Newfoundland is not the best dog breed for office environment.
  • Good For First Time Owners: Newfoundlands are not good for novice owners, due to their stubborn personality.

Rate The Newfoundland Breed

Newfoundland Comments, Reviews & Questions

  • newfie

    Jan 13, 2021, 3:36:38 PM:

    Good dog!

  • Ken Dawson

    Jul 3, 2020, 10:31:27 PM:

    Byron’s comments of ‘Beauty without vanity, strength without insolence, courage without ferocity, strength without insolence, and all the virtues of man without his vices,’, describes a Newfie completely. To know a Newfie is to love a Newfie.