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Miniature Schnauzer vs Rat Terrier vs Jack Russell Terrier – Which one is a better dog breed for you?

"Find similarities and differences between Miniature Schnauzer vs Rat Terrier vs Jack Russell Terrier" Compare Miniature Schnauzer and Rat Terrier. Which is better: Miniature Schnauzer or Rat Terrier or Jack Russell Terrier?
Name Miniature Schnauzer Rat Terrier Jack Russell Terrier
OriginsGermany United States England
Group Hunting Dogs Hunting Dogs Hunting Dogs
Popularity Rank189778
Reviews212
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Other Names Zwergschnauzer American Rat Terrier, Ratting Terrier, Decker Giant, RT, Rat, Rattie Russell Terrier, JRT, Jack
Breed Type Purebred Purebred Purebred
AKC Group Recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1926 as a Terrier breed. Recognized by the American Kennel Club in 2013 as a Terrier breed. Recognized by the American Kennel Club in 2012 as a Terrier breed.
FCI Group Recognized by FCI in the Pinscher and Schnauzer - Molossoid and Swiss Mountain and Cattledogs group, in the Pinscher and Schnauzer type section. Not recognized by FCI. Recognized by FCI in the Terriers group, in the Small sized Terriers section.
Breed Recognition American Canine Registry American Kennel Club America's Pet Registry Canadian Kennel Club Dog Registry of America Inc. Federation Cynologique Internationale Kennel Club of Great Britain North American Purebred Registry, Inc. American Canine Association, Inc. Australian National Kennel Council Continental Kennel Club National Kennel Club New Zealand Kennel Club United Kennel Club American Canine Registry American Kennel Club America's Pet Registry Dog Registry of America Inc. North American Purebred Registry, Inc. American Canine Association, Inc. Continental Kennel Club National Kennel Club United Kennel Club American Canine Registry American Kennel Club America's Pet Registry Dog Registry of America Inc. Federation Cynologique Internationale Kennel Club of Great Britain North American Purebred Registry, Inc. American Canine Association, Inc. Australian National Kennel Council Continental Kennel Club National Kennel Club New Zealand Kennel Club United Kennel Club Irish Kennel Club Club Espanol De Terriers Jack Russell Terrier Club Of America
Price $600-$1000 $300-$500 $700-$1000

General Appearance - Miniature Schnauzer vs Rat Terrier vs Jack Russell Terrier

Size Small Small Small
Weight Male: 11-18 pounds (5.0-8.2 kg), Female: 10-15 pounds (4.5-6.8 kg) Standard: 12-35 pounds (5.5-16 kg) 11-18 pounds (5-8 kg)
Avg. Weight Male: 14.5 pounds (5.0-8.2 kg), Female: 12.5 pounds (4.5-6.8 kg) Standard: 23.5 pounds (5.10.5 kg) 14.5 pounds (6.5 kg)
Height Male: 14 inches (35.6 cm), Female: 13 inches (33.0 cm) Standard: 14-23 inches (35.5-58.5 cm) 8-15 inches (20-38 cm)
Avg. Height Male: 14 inches (35.6 cm), Female: 13 inches (33.0 cm) Standard: 18.5 inches (35.5-58.5 cm) 11.5 inches (29 cm)

Hair & Care - Miniature Schnauzer vs Rat Terrier vs Jack Russell Terrier

Coat Wiry Dense Shiny Rough
Colors Salt Pepper Silver Black Tan Brown White Blue Tricolor Black Tan White Black
Grooming
Advanced: The Miniature Schnauzer requires a lot of grooming.
Effortless: The Rat Terrier requires minimal grooming.
Easy to groom: The Jack Russell Terrier doesn't require a lot of grooming.
Shedding Level
Miniature Schnauzers shed none to minimal.
Rat Terriers shed above average.
Jack Russell Terriers are heavy shedders.

Characteristics - Miniature Schnauzer vs Rat Terrier vs Jack Russell Terrier

Temperament Alert Friendly Obedient Fearless Intelligent Spirited Affectionate Inquisitive Loving Alert Lively Alert Courageous Independent Cheerful Energetic Stubborn
Intelligent Rank
Very smart: Miniature Schnauzer is an excellent dog breed.
Smart: Rat Terrier's has great intelligence.
Very smart: Jack Russell Terrier is an excellent dog breed.
Trainability
Miniature Schnauzers are easy to train.
Rat Terriers are quite easy to train.
Jack Russell Terriers are quite easy to train.
Playfulness
Miniature Schnauzers, like any other dog breed, like playing.
Rat Terriers, like any other dog breed, like playing.
The Jack Russell Terrier is a highly playful breed.
Sensitivity Level
They are a little bit more sensitive than other dog breeds.
They are a little bit more sensitive than other dog breeds.
They are a little bit more sensitive than other dog breeds.
Affection Level
Miniature Schnauzers are genuinely loyal, soft and gentle, loving and affectionate dogs toward their handlers.
Rat Terriers are genuinely loyal, soft and gentle, loving and affectionate dogs toward their handlers.
Jack Russell Terriers are genuinely loyal, soft and gentle, loving and affectionate dogs toward their handlers.
Social Needs
Miniature Schnauzers are a social breed.
Rat Terriers need a lot of social interaction.
Jack Russell Terriers need for social interaction is average.
Barking
Average: The Miniature Schnauzer barks occasionally.
Average: The Rat Terrier barks occasionally.
High: The Jack Russell Terrier is a very vocal breed.
Watchdog Ability
Miniature Schnauzers are one of the best watchdogs.
Rat Terriers are average watchdogs.
Jack Russell Terriers are good watchdogs.
Territorial
Miniature Schnauzers strongly protect their territory.
Rat Terriers are extremely protective guard dogs.
Jack Russell Terriers are extremely protective guard dogs.
Biting Potential Low
The Miniature Schnauzer has a low chance of biting somebody.
Low
The Rat Terrier has a low chance of biting somebody.
Low
The Jack Russell Terrier has a low chance of biting somebody.
Mouthiness
Miniature Schnauzers have lower than average tendency to nip, chew, play-bite, or herd people.
Rat Terriers have lower than average tendency to nip, chew, play-bite, or herd people.
Jack Russell Terriers have a higher than average tendency to nip, chew, play-bite, or herd people.
Impulse to Wander or Roam
Miniature Schnauzers have average wanderlust potential.
Wanderlust potential of the Rat Terrier is strong enough to escape from home.
Wanderlust potential of the Jack Russell Terrier is strong enough to escape from home.
Prey Drive
Miniature Schnauzers have a higher impulse to chase and catch something than other dog breeds.
Rat Terriers have a higher impulse to chase and catch something than other dog breeds.
Jack Russell Terriers have a high impulse to chase and catch something.
Apartment Friendly
Miniature Schnauzers are not the best choice for an apartment lifestyle, but they don't mind being inside if you walk them several times every day.
Rat Terriers are very apartment-friendly dogs.
Jack Russell Terriers are not apartment-friendly dogs.
Adaptability
Miniature Schnauzers adapt very well to lifestyle changes and basically all living environments.
Rat Terriers adapt very well to lifestyle changes and basically all living environments.
Jack Russell Terriers adapt very well to lifestyle changes and basically all living environments.
Tolerates Being Left Alone
Miniature Schnauzers do best when a family member is at home during the day or if their workplace is dog-friendly so they can take the dog at work.
Rat Terriers tend to have separation anxiety when their owners left them alone at home because they bond very closely with them.
Just like every puppy, they are prone to panic, cry, bark, whine when they left alone by their owner.
Fighting Dog Not really
In history, this breed was not really used for combat dog.
Not really
In history, this breed was not really used for combat dog.
Not really
In history, this breed was not really used for combat dog.

Good With - Miniature Schnauzer vs Rat Terrier vs Jack Russell Terrier

Stranger Friendly
Miniature Schnauzers are average friendly towards strangers.
Rat Terriers are stranger friendly dogs.
Jack Russell Terriers are average friendly towards strangers.
Child Friendly
Miniature Schnauzers are kid-friendly dogs.
Rat Terriers are very kid-friendly dogs.
Jack Russell Terriers are average friendly dogs towards children.
Cat Friendly
Miniature Schnauzers are average friendly towards cats.
Rat Terriers are cat-friendly dogs.
Jack Russell Terriers are not the most cat-friendly dogs.
Dog Friendly
Miniature Schnauzers are average friendly towards other dogs.
Rat Terriers are dog-friendly dogs.
Jack Russell Terriers are dog-friendly dogs.
Office Friendly No
Miniature Schnauzer is not the best dog breed for office environment.
No
Rat Terrier is not the best dog breed for office environment.
No
Jack Russell Terrier is not the best dog breed for office environment.
Senior Citizens Friendly
Miniature Schnauzers are usually recommended for elderly people.
Rat Terriers are one of the best breeds for elderly people.
Jack Russell Terriers are commonly okay with elderly people.
Pet Friendly
Miniature Schnauzers are generally with other pets.
Rat Terriers are usually friendly towards other pets.
Jack Russell Terriers usually don’t get on well with other pets.
Good For First Time Owners No
Miniature Schnauzers are not good for novice owners, due to their stubborn personality.
No
Rat Terriers are not good for novice owners, due to their stubborn personality.
No
Jack Russell Terriers are not good for novice owners, due to their stubborn personality.
Service Dog Not really
This breed generally not used as a service dog.
Not really
This breed generally not used as a service dog.
Not really
This breed generally not used as a service dog.
Therapy Dog Not really
This breed generally not used as a therapy dog.
Not really
This breed generally not used as a therapy dog.
Not really
This breed generally not used as a therapy dog.
Detection Dog or Sniffer Dog Not really
A detection dog or sniffer dog is a dog that is trained to use its senses (mostly its smell) to detect substances such as explosives, illegal drugs, wildlife scat, currency, blood, and contraband electronics such as illicit mobile phones.
Not really
A detection dog or sniffer dog is a dog that is trained to use its senses (mostly its smell) to detect substances such as explosives, illegal drugs, wildlife scat, currency, blood, and contraband electronics such as illicit mobile phones.
Not really
A detection dog or sniffer dog is a dog that is trained to use its senses (mostly its smell) to detect substances such as explosives, illegal drugs, wildlife scat, currency, blood, and contraband electronics such as illicit mobile phones.
Search and Rescue Dog (SAR) Not really
The use of dogs in search and rescue (SAR) is a valuable component in wilderness tracking, natural disasters, mass casualty events, and in locating missing people.
Yes
The use of dogs in search and rescue (SAR) is a valuable component in wilderness tracking, natural disasters, mass casualty events, and in locating missing people.
Not really
The use of dogs in search and rescue (SAR) is a valuable component in wilderness tracking, natural disasters, mass casualty events, and in locating missing people.
Boat Dog Yes
Miniature Schnauzer breed usually likes being on a boat.
Not really
Rat Terrier breed usually doesn't like being on a boat.
Yes
Jack Russell Terrier breed usually likes being on a boat.
Cart Pulling or Drafting Dog Not really
A drafting dog or draft dog is a dog bred and used for cart pulling.
Not really
A drafting dog or draft dog is a dog bred and used for cart pulling.
Not really
A drafting dog or draft dog is a dog bred and used for cart pulling.

Health Factors - Miniature Schnauzer vs Rat Terrier vs Jack Russell Terrier

Health Issues
The Miniature Schnauzer is a healthy breed, but there are certain health issues that you should check with your vet regularly.
The Rat Terrier is a healthy breed, but there are certain health issues that you should check with your vet regularly.
The Jack Russell Terrier is a healthy breed, but there are certain health issues that you should check with your vet regularly.
Health Problems Cataracts Mycobacterium avium-intracellulare infection (MAI) Progressive retinal atrophy (PRA) Eye Problems Heart Problems Hip Dysplasia Legg-perthes Disease Patellar Luxation Deafness Glaucoma Legg-perthes Disease Lens Luxation Patellar Luxation
Life Expectancy 12-14 years 15-18 years 13-16 years
Hypoallergenic Yes No No
Energy Level
Miniature Schnauzers are high energy dogs.
Rat Terriers are high energy dogs.
Jack Russell Terriers are high energy dogs.
Exercise Need
Miniature Schnauzers have an average exercise need.
Rat Terriers have an average exercise need.
Jack Russell Terriers need a lot of exercises.
Sleeping Need
Miniature Schnauzers don't need too much sleep.
Rat Terriers don't need too much sleep.
Jack Russell Terriers don't need too much sleep.
Avg. daily food consumption 1/2 to 1 cup dry food a day. No set 1/4 to 1 cup of high-quality dry food a day, divided into two meals.
Weight Gain Potential
Average to High.
Average.
Average to High.
Weather & Climate Prefers average to cold weather conditions
The Miniature Schnauzer can adapt to well to cold weather conditions, some dogs even can be a good mountain dog.
Prefers warm weather Prefers average to warm weather conditions
Stinkiness Low
The Miniature Schnauzer has a low chance of bad smell.
Medium
The Rat Terrier has an average chance of bad smell.
Medium
The Jack Russell Terrier has an average chance of bad smell.
Drooling tendency
The Miniature Schnauzer is a perfect example for very low drooling tendency.
The Rat Terrier is a perfect example for very low drooling tendency.
The Jack Russell Terrier is a perfect example for very low drooling tendency.

Reproducibility - Miniature Schnauzer vs Rat Terrier vs Jack Russell Terrier

Gestation Length 60-64 days 60-64 days 60-64 days
How often can the have a litter? Once a year.
More frequent breeding is not healthy.
Once a year.
More frequent breeding is not healthy.
Once a year.
More frequent breeding is not healthy.
Litter Size 3-6 puppies 5-7 puppies 4-8 puppies

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