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Newfoundland vs German Shepherd – Which one is a better dog breed for you?

"Find similarities and differences between Newfoundland vs German Shepherd" Compare Newfoundland and German Shepherd. Which is better: Newfoundland or German Shepherd?
Name Newfoundland German Shepherd
OriginsCanada Germany
Group Working Dogs Pastoral Dogs (Herding Dogs)
Popularity Rank362
Reviews24
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Other Names Newf, Newfie, The Gentle Giant, Blackbear Alsatian, Berger Allemand, Alsatian wolf dog (UK), Deutscher Schäferhund, Schäferhund
Breed Type Purebred Purebred
AKC Group Recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1886 as a Working breed. Recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1908 as a Herding breed.
FCI Group Recognized by FCI in the Pinscher and Schnauzer - Molossoid and Swiss Mountain and Cattledogs group, in the Molossian type section. Recognized by FCI in the Sheepdogs and Cattledogs (except Swiss Cattledogs) group, in the Sheepdogs section.
Breed Recognition American Canine Registry American Kennel Club America's Pet Registry Canadian Kennel Club Dog Registry of America Inc. Federation Cynologique Internationale Kennel Club of Great Britain North American Purebred Registry, Inc. American Canine Association, Inc. Australian National Kennel Council Continental Kennel Club National Kennel Club New Zealand Kennel Club United Kennel Club American Canine Registry American Kennel Club America's Pet Registry Canadian Kennel Club Dog Registry of America Inc. Federation Cynologique Internationale Kennel Club of Great Britain North American Purebred Registry, Inc. American Canine Association, Inc. Australian National Kennel Council Continental Kennel Club National Kennel Club New Zealand Kennel Club United Kennel Club German Shepherd Dog Club Of America
Price $1500-$2000 $800-$2000

General Appearance - Newfoundland vs German Shepherd

Size Giant Large
Weight Male: 130-150 pounds (59-68 kg), Female: 100-120 pounds (45-54 kg) Male: 66-88 pounds (30-40 kg), Female: 49-71 pounds (22-32 kg)
Avg. Weight Male: 140 pounds (63.5 kg), Female: 110 pounds (49.5 kg) Male: 77 pounds (35 kg), Female: 60 pounds (27 kg)
Height Male: 27-29 inches (69-74 cm), Female: 25-27 inches (63-69 cm) Male: 24-26 inches (60-65 cm), Female: 22-24 inches (55-60 cm)
Avg. Height Male: 28 inches (71.5 cm), Female: 26 inches (66 cm) Male: 25 inches (62.5 cm), Female: 23 inches (57.5 cm)

Hair & Care - Newfoundland vs German Shepherd

Coat Fluffy Waterproof Thick Fuzzy
Colors Gray Brown White Black Silver Tan Red Black
Grooming
Professional: This breed needs a lot of work to keep in good condition.
Average: The German Shepherd requires average grooming effort.
Shedding Level
Newfoundlands are heavy shedders.
German Shepherds are heavy shedders.

Characteristics - Newfoundland vs German Shepherd

Temperament Cheerful Intelligent Social Gentle Courageous Loyal Sweet Alert Courageous Intelligent Obedient Confident Curious Loyal Watchful
Intelligent Rank
Smart: Newfoundland's has great intelligence.
Outstanding: German Shepherd is one of the brightest dog breeds.
Trainability
Newfoundlands are easy to train.
German Shepherds are easy to train.
Playfulness
Newfoundlands, like any other dog breed, like playing.
German Shepherds, like any other dog breed, like playing.
Sensitivity Level
They are a little bit more sensitive than other dog breeds.
German Shepherds don't like an irregular daily routine, noisy household and frequent guest visits.
Affection Level
Newfoundlands are highly affectionate dogs.
German Shepherds are genuinely loyal, soft and gentle, loving and affectionate dogs toward their handlers.
Social Needs
Newfoundlands are a social breed.
German Shepherds need for social interaction is average.
Barking
Low to Average: The Newfoundland rarely barks.
Low to Average: The German Shepherd rarely barks.
Watchdog Ability
Newfoundlands are one of the best watchdogs.
German Shepherds are one of the best watchdogs.
Territorial
Newfoundlands are extremely protective guard dogs.
German Shepherds are extremely protective guard dogs.
Biting Potential Low
The Newfoundland has a low chance of biting somebody.
High
The German Shepherd has a high chance of biting somebody.
Mouthiness
Newfoundlands have an average tendency to nip, chew, play-bite, or herd people.
German Shepherds have a strong tendency to nip, chew, play-bite, or herd people.
Impulse to Wander or Roam
Newfoundlands have average wanderlust potential.
German Shepherds are not the biggest explorers.
Prey Drive
Newfoundlands have a higher impulse to chase and catch something than other dog breeds.
German Shepherds have a higher impulse to chase and catch something than other dog breeds.
Apartment Friendly
Newfoundlands are not the best choice for an apartment lifestyle, but they don't mind being inside if you walk them several times every day.
German Shepherds are not the best choice for an apartment lifestyle, but they don't mind being inside if you walk them several times every day.
Adaptability
Newfoundlands adapt well to lifestyle changes and different living environments.
German Shepherds adapt very well to lifestyle changes and basically all living environments.
Tolerates Being Left Alone
Newfoundlands do best when a family member is at home during the day or if their workplace is dog-friendly so they can take the dog at work.
Just like every puppy, they are prone to panic, cry, bark, whine when they left alone by their owner.
Fighting Dog Not really
In history, this breed was not really used for combat dog.
Yes
In history, this breed was unfortunately used for combat dog.

Good With - Newfoundland vs German Shepherd

Stranger Friendly
Newfoundlands are stranger friendly dogs.
German Shepherds are stranger friendly dogs.
Child Friendly
Newfoundlands are very kid-friendly dogs.
German Shepherds are very kid-friendly dogs.
Cat Friendly
Newfoundlands are very cat-friendly dogs.
German Shepherds are average friendly towards cats.
Dog Friendly
Newfoundlands are dog-friendly dogs.
German Shepherds are not the most dog-friendly dogs.
Office Friendly No
Newfoundland is not the best dog breed for office environment.
No
German Shepherd is not the best dog breed for office environment.
Senior Citizens Friendly
Newfoundlands are one of the best breeds for elderly people.
German Shepherds are one of the best breeds for elderly people.
Pet Friendly
Newfoundlands are one of the friendliest dog breeds.
German Shepherds are generally with other pets.
Good For First Time Owners No
Newfoundlands are not good for novice owners, due to their stubborn personality.
No
German Shepherds are not good for novice owners, due to their stubborn personality.
Service Dog Yes
This breed makes good as a service dog.
Yes
This breed makes good as a service dog.
Therapy Dog Not really
This breed generally not used as a therapy dog.
Yes
This breed makes a perfect therapy dog.
Detection Dog or Sniffer Dog Not really
A detection dog or sniffer dog is a dog that is trained to use its senses (mostly its smell) to detect substances such as explosives, illegal drugs, wildlife scat, currency, blood, and contraband electronics such as illicit mobile phones.
Yes
A detection dog or sniffer dog is a dog that is trained to use its senses (mostly its smell) to detect substances such as explosives, illegal drugs, wildlife scat, currency, blood, and contraband electronics such as illicit mobile phones.
Search and Rescue Dog (SAR) Yes
The use of dogs in search and rescue (SAR) is a valuable component in wilderness tracking, natural disasters, mass casualty events, and in locating missing people.
Yes
The use of dogs in search and rescue (SAR) is a valuable component in wilderness tracking, natural disasters, mass casualty events, and in locating missing people.
Boat Dog Yes
Newfoundland breed usually likes being on a boat.
Not really
German Shepherd breed usually doesn't like being on a boat.
Cart Pulling or Drafting Dog Yes
A drafting dog or draft dog is a dog bred and used for cart pulling.
Not really
A drafting dog or draft dog is a dog bred and used for cart pulling.

Health Factors - Newfoundland vs German Shepherd

Health Issues
Very healthy dog breed.
German Shepherds are commonly healthy dogs.
Health Problems Addison's Disease Bloat Cancer Cataracts Cherry Eye Cystinuria Elbow Dysplasia Epilepsy Hip Dysplasia Hypothyroidism Subvalvular Aortic Stenosis Allergies Blindness Bloat Cancer Cataracts Cherry Eye Chronic Diarrhea Cruciate Ligament Rupture Cushing's Syndrome Degenerative Myelopathy Demodectic Mange Diabetes Digestive Problems Elbow Dysplasia Epilepsy Exocrine Pancreatic Insufficiency Heart Disease Hemophilia A Hemophilia B Hip Dysplasia Hypertrophic Osteodystrophy Lens Luxation Lupus Megaesophagus Myasthenia Gravis Nail Bed Disease Osteochondrosis Pannus Panosteitis Paralysis Perianal Fistula Progressive retinal atrophy (PRA) Retinal Dysplasia Seborrhea Vitiligo Von Willebrand's Disease Wobbler's Syndrome
Life Expectancy 9-12 years 10-13 years
Hypoallergenic No No
Energy Level
Newfoundlands have an average energy level, so if you live a semi-active life, this breed can be a good choice for you.
German Shepherds are high energy dogs.
Exercise Need
Newfoundlands have an average exercise need.
German Shepherds need quite a lot of exercise.
Sleeping Need
Newfoundlands sleep 12-14 hours a day as an average dog and they're not considered as a lazy breed.
German Shepherds don't need too much sleep.
Avg. daily food consumption 5 to 6 cups of high-quality dry food a day, divided into two meals. 3 to 4 cups of high-quality dry food a day, divided into two meals.
Weight Gain Potential
Average to High.
Low to Average.
Weather & Climate Prefers cold weather
The Newfoundland can adapt well to harsh weather conditions, and also can be a good mountain dog.
Tolerates warm and cold weather.
Stinkiness High
The Newfoundland has a high chance of bad smell.
Medium
The German Shepherd has an average chance of bad smell.
Drooling tendency
The Newfoundland is a big drooler, so if you're disgusted by slobber spots on your clothes, you should choose a dog from another breed.
The German Shepherd is a perfect example for very low drooling tendency.

Reproducibility - Newfoundland vs German Shepherd

Gestation Length 60-64 days 60-64 days
How often can the have a litter? Once a year.
More frequent breeding is not healthy.
Once a year.
More frequent breeding is not healthy.
Litter Size 4-12 puppies 6-10 puppies

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