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Papillon vs Miniature Fox Terrier vs Cavalier King Charles Spaniel – Which one is a better dog breed for you?

"Find similarities and differences between Papillon vs Miniature Fox Terrier vs Cavalier King Charles Spaniel" Compare Papillon and Miniature Fox Terrier. Which is better: Papillon or Miniature Fox Terrier or Cavalier King Charles Spaniel?
Name Papillon Miniature Fox Terrier Cavalier King Charles Spaniel
OriginsSpain France Belgium Australia England
Group Companion Dogs Hunting Dogs Companion Dogs
Popularity Rank5323219
Reviews163
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Other Names Butterfly Dog, Squirrel Dog, Phalène, Epagneul Nain, Phalène (Drop Ear Type), Continental Toy Spaniel, Epagneul Nain Continental Mini Fox Terrier, Mini Foxi, Mini Foxie Cav, Cavalier, Cavie
Breed Type Purebred Purebred Purebred
AKC Group Recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1915 as a Toy breed. Not recognized by the American Kennel Club. Recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1995 as a Toy breed.
FCI Group Recognized by FCI in the Companion and Toy Dogs group, in the Continental Toy Spaniel and Russian Toy section. Not recognized by FCI. Recognized by FCI in the Companion and Toy Dogs group, in the English Toy Spaniels section.
Breed Recognition American Canine Registry
American Kennel Club
America's Pet Registry
Canadian Kennel Club
Dog Registry of America Inc.
Federation Cynologique Internationale
Kennel Club of Great Britain
North American Purebred Registry, Inc.
American Canine Association, Inc.
Australian National Kennel Council
Continental Kennel Club
National Kennel Club
New Zealand Kennel Club
United Kennel Club
No set American Canine Registry
American Kennel Club
America's Pet Registry
Canadian Kennel Club
Dog Registry of America Inc.
Federation Cynologique Internationale
Kennel Club of Great Britain
North American Purebred Registry, Inc.
American Canine Association, Inc.
Australian National Kennel Council
Continental Kennel Club
National Kennel Club
New Zealand Kennel Club
United Kennel Club
Price $400-$600 $400-$600 $1200-$1500

General Appearance - Papillon vs Miniature Fox Terrier vs Cavalier King Charles Spaniel

Size Small Small Small
Weight Male: 8-10 pounds (4-5 kg), Female: 7-9 pounds (3-4 kg) Male: 8-10 pounds (4-5 kg), Female: 7-9 pounds (3-4 kg) 10-18 pounds (5-8 kg)
Avg. Weight Male: 9 pounds (4.5 kg), Female: 8 pounds (3.5 kg) Male: 9 pounds (4.5 kg), Female: 8 pounds (3.5 kg) 14 pounds (6.5 kg)
Height Male: 8-11 inches (20-28 cm), Female: 8-11 inches (20-28 cm) Male: 10-12 inches (25-30 cm), Female: 9-11 inches (23-28 cm) 12-13 inches (30-33 cm)
Avg. Height Male: 9.5 inches (24 cm), Female: 9.5 inches (24 cm) Male: 11 inches (27.5 cm), Female: 10 inches (25.5 cm) 12.5 inches (31.5 cm)

Hair & Care - Papillon vs Miniature Fox Terrier vs Cavalier King Charles Spaniel

Coat Feathered Dense Feathered
Colors White
Red
Tan
Lemon
Sable
Black
Black & White
Black & Tan
Tricolor
Tan
Blenheim
Tricolor
Ruby
Grooming
Average: The Papillon requires average grooming effort.
Effortless: The Miniature Fox Terrier requires minimal grooming.
Average: The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel requires average grooming effort.
Shedding Level
Papillons shed none to minimal.
Miniature Fox Terriers shed moderately.
Cavalier King Charles Spaniels shed above average.

Characteristics - Papillon vs Miniature Fox Terrier vs Cavalier King Charles Spaniel

Temperament Alert
Friendly
Energetic
Happy
Intelligent
Alert
Intelligent
Fearless
Playful
Friendly
Affectionate
Courageous
Intelligent
Cheerful
Gentle
Social
Polite
Quiet
Active
Graceful
Fearless
Friendly
Nonaggressive
Sporty
No tendency towards nervousness
Intelligent Rank
Outstanding: Papillon is one of the brightest dog breeds.
Average: Miniature Fox Terrier's has average obedience intelligence.
Average: Cavalier King Charles Spaniel's has average obedience intelligence.
Trainability
Papillons are easy to train.
Miniature Fox Terriers are easy to train.
Cavalier King Charles Spaniels are quite easy to train.
Playfulness
The Papillon is a highly playful breed.
The Miniature Fox Terrier is a highly playful breed.
Cavalier King Charles Spaniels, like any other dog breed, like playing.
Sensitivity Level
Papillons have an average emotional level and are not the most sensitive dog breed.
Miniature Fox Terriers have an average emotional level and are not the most sensitive dog breed.
Cavalier King Charles Spaniels don't like an irregular daily routine, noisy household and frequent guest visits.
Affection Level
Papillons are genuinely loyal, soft and gentle, loving and affectionate dogs toward their handlers.
Miniature Fox Terriers are genuinely loyal, soft and gentle, loving and affectionate dogs toward their handlers.
Cavalier King Charles Spaniels are genuinely loyal, soft and gentle, loving and affectionate dogs toward their handlers.
Social Needs
Papillons need a lot of social interaction.
Miniature Fox Terriers need a lot of social interaction.
Cavalier King Charles Spaniels need a lot of social interaction.
Barking
High: The Papillon is a very vocal breed.
Average to high: The Miniature Fox Terrier is a vocal breed.
Average: The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel barks occasionally.
Watchdog Ability
Papillons are average watchdogs.
Miniature Fox Terriers are average watchdogs.
Cavalier King Charles Spaniels are not the best watchdogs.
Territorial
Papillons strongly protect their territory.
Miniature Fox Terriers strongly protect their territory.
Cavalier King Charles Spaniels are not the best to protect their territory.
Biting Potential Low
The Papillon has a low chance of biting somebody.
Low
The Miniature Fox Terrier has a low chance of biting somebody.
Low
The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel has a low chance of biting somebody.
Mouthiness
Papillons have an average tendency to nip, chew, play-bite, or herd people.
Miniature Fox Terriers have lower than average tendency to nip, chew, play-bite, or herd people.
Cavalier King Charles Spaniels have an average tendency to nip, chew, play-bite, or herd people.
Impulse to Wander or Roam
Papillons are not the biggest explorers.
Wanderlust potential of the Miniature Fox Terrier is strong enough to escape from home.
Cavalier King Charles Spaniels tend to escape less than other breeds.
Prey Drive
Papillons have a higher impulse to chase and catch something than other dog breeds.
Miniature Fox Terriers have a high impulse to chase and catch something.
Cavalier King Charles Spaniels have an average prey drive, which means that they don't have a high impulse to chase and catch something like a cat or any other small aminals, but it might happen.
Apartment Friendly
Papillons are not the best choice for an apartment lifestyle, but they don't mind being inside if you walk them several times every day.
Miniature Fox Terriers are not the best choice for an apartment lifestyle, but they don't mind being inside if you walk them several times every day.
Cavalier King Charles Spaniels are very apartment-friendly dogs.
Adaptability
Papillons adapt very well to lifestyle changes and basically all living environments.
Miniature Fox Terriers adapt very well to lifestyle changes and basically all living environments.
Cavalier King Charles Spaniels adapt very well to lifestyle changes and basically all living environments.
Tolerates Being Left Alone
Papillons tend to have separation anxiety when their owners left them alone at home because they bond very closely with them.
Miniature Fox Terriers tend to have separation anxiety when their owners left them alone at home because they bond very closely with them.
Cavalier King Charles Spaniels tend to have separation anxiety when their owners left them alone at home because they bond very closely with them.
Fighting Dog Not really
In history, this breed was not really used for combat dog.
Not really
In history, this breed was not really used for combat dog.
Not really
In history, this breed was not really used for combat dog.

Good With - Papillon vs Miniature Fox Terrier vs Cavalier King Charles Spaniel

Stranger Friendly
Papillons are very stranger friendly dogs.
Miniature Fox Terriers are average friendly towards strangers.
Cavalier King Charles Spaniels are very stranger friendly dogs.
Child Friendly
Papillons are kid-friendly dogs.
Miniature Fox Terriers are kid-friendly dogs.
Cavalier King Charles Spaniels are very kid-friendly dogs.
Cat Friendly
Papillons are very cat-friendly dogs.
Miniature Fox Terriers are average friendly towards cats.
Cavalier King Charles Spaniels are average friendly towards cats.
Dog Friendly
Papillons are not the most dog-friendly dogs.
Miniature Fox Terriers are average friendly towards other dogs.
Cavalier King Charles Spaniels are very dog-friendly dogs.
Office Friendly No
Papillon is not the best dog breed for office environment.
No
Miniature Fox Terrier is not the best dog breed for office environment.
No
Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is not the best dog breed for office environment.
Senior Citizens Friendly
Papillons are usually recommended for elderly people.
Miniature Fox Terriers are usually recommended for elderly people.
Cavalier King Charles Spaniels are one of the best breeds for elderly people.
Pet Friendly
Papillons are one of the friendliest dog breeds.
Miniature Fox Terriers are generally with other pets.
Cavalier King Charles Spaniels are generally with other pets.
Good For First Time Owners Yes
Papillons are good for novice owners, due to their easy-going personality.
Yes
Miniature Fox Terriers are good for novice owners, due to their easy-going personality.
No
Cavalier King Charles Spaniels are not good for novice owners, due to their stubborn personality.
Service Dog Not really
This breed generally not used as a service dog.
Not really
This breed generally not used as a service dog.
Not really
This breed generally not used as a service dog.
Therapy Dog Not really
This breed generally not used as a therapy dog.
Not really
This breed generally not used as a therapy dog.
Yes
This breed makes a perfect therapy dog.
Detection Dog or Sniffer Dog Not really
A detection dog or sniffer dog is a dog that is trained to use its senses (mostly its smell) to detect substances such as explosives, illegal drugs, wildlife scat, currency, blood, and contraband electronics such as illicit mobile phones.
Not really
A detection dog or sniffer dog is a dog that is trained to use its senses (mostly its smell) to detect substances such as explosives, illegal drugs, wildlife scat, currency, blood, and contraband electronics such as illicit mobile phones.
Not really
A detection dog or sniffer dog is a dog that is trained to use its senses (mostly its smell) to detect substances such as explosives, illegal drugs, wildlife scat, currency, blood, and contraband electronics such as illicit mobile phones.
Search and Rescue Dog (SAR) Not really
The use of dogs in search and rescue (SAR) is a valuable component in wilderness tracking, natural disasters, mass casualty events, and in locating missing people.
Not really
The use of dogs in search and rescue (SAR) is a valuable component in wilderness tracking, natural disasters, mass casualty events, and in locating missing people.
Not really
The use of dogs in search and rescue (SAR) is a valuable component in wilderness tracking, natural disasters, mass casualty events, and in locating missing people.
Boat Dog Not really
Papillon breed usually doesn't like being on a boat.
Not really
Miniature Fox Terrier breed usually doesn't like being on a boat.
Not really
Cavalier King Charles Spaniel breed usually doesn't like being on a boat.
Cart Pulling or Drafting Dog Not really
A drafting dog or draft dog is a dog bred and used for cart pulling.
Not really
A drafting dog or draft dog is a dog bred and used for cart pulling.
Not really
A drafting dog or draft dog is a dog bred and used for cart pulling.

Health Factors - Papillon vs Miniature Fox Terrier vs Cavalier King Charles Spaniel

Health Issues
The Papillon is a healthy breed, but there are certain health issues that you should check with your vet regularly.
The Miniature Fox Terrier is a healthy breed, but there are certain health issues that you should check with your vet regularly.
Cavalier King Charles Spaniels tend to have more and frequent health issues than other breeds.
Health Problems Collapsed Trachea
Hypoglycemia
Open Fontanel
Patellar Luxation
Progressive retinal atrophy (PRA)
No set Dry Eye
Episodic Falling Syndrome
Hip Dysplasia
Mitral Valve Disease
Patellar Luxation
Syringomyelia
Life Expectancy 13-16 years 10-14 years 10-14 years
Hypoallergenic No No No
Energy Level
Papillons have a higher energy level than other dog breeds.
Miniature Fox Terriers are high energy dogs.
Cavalier King Charles Spaniels have an average energy level, so if you live a semi-active life, this breed can be a good choice for you.
Exercise Need
Papillons need a lot of exercises.
Miniature Fox Terriers need quite a lot of exercise.
Cavalier King Charles Spaniels have an average exercise need.
Sleeping Need
Papillons are quite energetic dogs and they don't spend to much time with sleeping.
Miniature Fox Terriers don't need too much sleep.
Cavalier King Charles Spaniels sleep 12-14 hours a day as an average dog and they're not considered as a lazy breed.
Avg. daily food consumption 1/4 to 1 cup of high-quality dry food a day, divided into two meals. 1/4 to 1/2 cup of high-quality dry food a day, divided into two meals. 1 to 1.5 cups of high-quality dry food a day, divided into two meals.
Weight Gain Potential
Average.
Average to High.
Average to High.
Weather & Climate Prefers average to warm weather conditions Prefers warm weather Tolerates warm and cold weather.
Stinkiness Low
The Papillon has a low chance of bad smell.
Medium
The Miniature Fox Terrier has an average chance of bad smell.
High
The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel has a high chance of bad smell.
Drooling tendency
The Papillon is a perfect example for very low drooling tendency.
The Miniature Fox Terrier is a perfect example for very low drooling tendency.
The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is a perfect example for very low drooling tendency.

Reproducibility - Papillon vs Miniature Fox Terrier vs Cavalier King Charles Spaniel

Gestation Length 60-64 days 60-64 days 60-64 days
How often can the have a litter? Once a year.
More frequent breeding is not healthy.
Once a year.
More frequent breeding is not healthy.
Once a year.
More frequent breeding is not healthy.
Litter Size 2-4 puppies 2-3 puppies 3-5 puppies

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