• 0

Papillon Information & Dog Breed Facts

Collection of all the general dog breed info about Papillon so you can get to know the breed more.

Group Companion Dogs
Popularity Rank53
User Ratings
Compare Compare
OriginSpain France Belgium
Other Names
What other names does the Papillon have? The dog breed also known as...
Butterfly Dog, Squirrel Dog, Phalène, Epagneul Nain, Phalène (Drop Ear Type), Continental Toy Spaniel, Epagneul Nain Continental
Breed Type
What type of dog breed is it?
AKC Group
Is Papillon recognized by the American Kennel Club?
Recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1915 as a Toy breed.
FCI Group
Is Papillon recognized by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI)?
Recognized by FCI in the Companion and Toy Dogs group, in the Continental Toy Spaniel and Russian Toy section.
Breed Recognition
What kennel clubs and organizations recognize or register the Papillon breed?
American Canine RegistryAmerican Kennel ClubAmerica's Pet RegistryCanadian Kennel ClubDog Registry of America Inc.Federation Cynologique InternationaleKennel Club of Great BritainNorth American Purebred Registry, Inc.American Canine Association, Inc.Australian National Kennel CouncilContinental Kennel ClubNational Kennel ClubNew Zealand Kennel ClubUnited Kennel Club
How much does the Papillon puppy cost? What is the price range of this puppy? What is the average price of this dog in the United States? Is this puppy expensive? How much should I pay for it? Papillon price:
If you choose to purchase the Papillon, you should know that the mentioned amount of money is an average of the collected data from breeders’ sites and puppy finder places. If you have a Papillon for sale, please advertise it on a reliable website to make sure the Papillon gets to a happy place.
Very frequent

Papillon History

The Papillon is a portrait come to life, the modern representation of the small spaniels often seen in paintings from centuries past. The dwarf spaniel, as he was once known, has changed in appearance over the years. The breed takes its name from the French word for butterfly, which actually refers to the Papillon’s fringed upright ears that resemble a butterfly’s outspread wings. However, this breed also comes in a dropped eared variety which is called the phalene, meaning ‘moth’, a cousin of the butterfly that folds its wing at rest. The two varieties, papillon and phalene, were accepted at the Belgian shows in 1902, and the name papillon was given to the dogs with oblique ears.

Furthermore, across Europe, the Papillon was the favorite of the ladies of the court, especially in France. At that time it was mostly the royal families who could afford to buy and even breed dogs as companions. Several famous people owned this breed such as Queen Marie Antionette who carried her pet Papillon with her to the guillotine and the mistress of King Louis XV, Madame Pompadour, whose dog was called Inez. There are also several evidence found in paintings featuring the 17th and 18th century’s royal children and ladies with their dogs at court done by such old masters as Rubens, Titian, and Van Dyck.

The Papillon descended from the continental toy spaniel but it is difficult to tell when it became a separate breed. These early specimens were also known as dwarf spaniels or Epagneuls Nain, especially in non-English speaking countries. However, according to researchers the fact that they were called Epagneuls could indicate Spanish origin because the name ‘spaniel’ means ‘dog of Spain’.

The Papillon is not nearly as delicate as its appearance might suggest, and in fact, it greatly enjoys chasing vermin if given the opportunity. As a pet it is delightful, being lively, irrepressible and affectionate, and liking nothing better than being in the company of those whom it becomes attached.

The Papillon Club of America was formed in 1935 and then the breed was also recognized by the AKC. However, because of World War II, the club stopped functioning for a period but then in 1948, it was back running again. Today it ranks 48th from the most famous registered breeds by the AKC.

Papillon General Appearance & Basic Info

What size is this breed? How big is this dog? Papillon size:
How much does the Papillon weigh? Papillon weight:
Male: 8-10 pounds (4-5 kg), Female: 7-9 pounds (3-4 kg)
Avg. Weight
What is the average weight of the Papillon? Papillon average weight:
Male: 9 pounds (4.5 kg), Female: 8 pounds (3.5 kg)
How tall is the Papillon? Papillon height:
Male: 8-11 inches (20-28 cm), Female: 8-11 inches (20-28 cm)
Avg. Height
What is the average height of this fido? Papillon average height:
Male: 9.5 inches (24 cm), Female: 9.5 inches (24 cm)

Papillon Hair & Care

Coat / Hair Types
What type of coat does the Papillon have? What does this canine coat/fur look like?
What color is the breed's coat? What color is a proper Papillon's coat?
WhiteRedTanLemon SableBlack
How to groom the Papillon and how often?
Average: The Papillon requires average grooming effort. Cutting the dog's hair by a professional groomer isn't essential. Brushing the dog's coat is useful to reduce shedding. Ears and eyes should be cleaned regularly to avoid infections. Don't skip the seasonal flea treatment too. Dog nail trimming and dog bath can be helpful sometimes. Check the local pet store for dog grooming supplies and find the best dog shampoo to keep its coat healthy and to give your dog a pleasant experience of a dog bath. If you don't have the time, skill or money to take care of your Papillon, search for a dog groomer or clipping service in your area and book an appointment. Maybe you're lucky to have a dog boarding service that includes grooming or walk in dog bath places nearby.
Shedding Level
How much do Papillon dogs shed? How to control, reduce and prevent the shedding of the Butterfly Dog? Papillon shedding level:
Papillons shed none to minimal. Having a puppy from this breed you don't have to be afraid of your couch or car covered by dog hair. Papillon dogs could be the best choice if you don't tolerate dog hair.
Bath Time / Bathing Frequency
How often does the Papillon need a bath? How often should bathe this dog? Can I bathe my Papillon every day?
6-8 weeks
Rarely. Bathing your dog is beneficial to them in more ways than just one. It’s also a good time to look for unusual scratches, bumps, fleas, and other irregularities. When their hair is wet and flat against their body, these details are more visible. For example, short-haired dog breeds can go a very long time in between baths. These short-haired breeds shed regularly and that shedding works to naturally remove excess dirt and oil. So unless your weenie dog got into the garbage can, you can probably hold off on a bath for a while.

Papillon Characteristics

What kind of personality does the Papillon have? What characteristics or traits does the breed have?
Intelligent Rank
How smart is the Papillon? Are they intelligent?
Outstanding: Papillon is one of the brightest dog breeds. They desire to learn tricks and commands often. The limit is your creativity. They understand and memorize new commands in fewer than 5 repetitions. This breed obeys for the first command 95% of the time or better.
Are Papillon dogs easy to train? Do they go well on dog training?
Papillons are easy to train. They find out the association between commands and actions quite quickly.
How playful is this breed?
The Papillon is a highly playful breed. Excited barking and sometimes nipping will alert you to play.
Sensitivity Level
How sensitive are they? Papillon sensitivity:
Papillons have an average emotional level and are not the most sensitive dog breed. Sometimes it's okay to change the daily routine, have guests and listen to loud music. Some dogs handle moderate punishment very well, while others crumble apart at a dirty look. This breed is not affected emotionally for moderate punishment.
Affection Level
How affectionate are they? Are they affectionate?
Papillons are genuinely loyal, soft and gentle, loving and affectionate dogs toward their handlers. They enjoy quality time with their owners despite the activity and considered as a great therapy dog for those in need. This breed responds strongly to their handler's emotions because they bond closely. Their happiness is your happiness.
Social Needs
How much social interaction does the Butterfly Dog need? Papillon social needs:
Papillons need a lot of social interaction. They desire to always be with someone or around people. This breed hates being left alone.
Do Papillon dogs bark a lot? Are they barkers/noisy? Why does my Squirrel Dog bark?
Nagyon sokat: Papillon kimondottan hangos fajta. Gyakran élvezik az ugatást és a hangos vonyítást. Ha csendes kutyát szeretnél, nem a legjobb választás. Az ugatás legfontosabb kiváltó okai: félelem, figyelemfelkeltés, riasztás, unalom, üdvözlés, szeparációs szorongás, kényszeres ugatás és védekezés.
Watchdog Ability
Is Papillon good as a watchdog? Are they alert at night?
Papillons are average watchdogs. If they sense something different, they will alert you, but the observation isn't considered as their main job.
Guarding Behavior / Territorial
Do Papillon dogs have an aggressive behavior to protect their home/house/territory? Do they have guarding instincts?
Papillons strongly protect their territory. This breed is a complete security guard, so you don't have to be afraid in case of danger.
Biting Potential
Do Papillon bite humans? How likely are you to get bitten from the Butterfly Dog? What are the odds of getting bitten by a Papillon? Why do dog bites happen?
The Papillon has a low chance of biting somebody. Top reasons for dog bite: protection, pain, excitement, herding instinct, being provoked. (Data based on the available online bite statistics.)
Bite Force
Does the Papillon has a hard bite?
Between 100 and 200 PSI
The weakest: Dogs that have the weakest bite force below 200 PSI. However, it is important to note that despite the fact that their bite force is considered the “weakest” it can still be very dangerous as all dog bites are. They are usually not aggressive and very friendly towards children and other animals.
How much mouthing/nipping/play biting does the Papillon do?
Papillons have an average tendency to nip, chew, play-bite, or herd people. It's a common habit during puppyhood, not aggressive behavior. These "bites" don't hurt, but Papillons need to be taught for a good attitude.
Impulse to Wander or Roam
How likely is the Papillon to run away? Does this breed explore or wander a lot? Does Papillon roam?
Papillons are not the biggest explorers. They have low wanderlust potential. Low chance for escaping from home with this breed.
Prey Drive
Do this canine have a strong prey drive? Does Papillon have high prey drive?
Papillons have a higher impulse to chase and catch something than other dog breeds. Cats or any other small animals might be in danger. It's a natural instinct, doesn't necessarily mean that Papillons are aggressive. Better to keep this breed on a leash.
Apartment Friendly
Is Papillon good as an apartment dog? Can they live in a flat?
Nem a legjobb választás Papillon, ha lakásban szeretnéd tartani, ugyanakkor alapos lemozgatással, napi többszöri sétával tolerálják a benti körülményeket is, így megoldható Papillon tartása lakásban.
Are they adaptable and easy-going?
Papillons adapt very well to lifestyle changes and basically all living environments. They don't mind moving from one place to another with their owner.
Tolerates Being Left Alone
Can you leave this breed home alone?
Papillons tend to have separation anxiety when their owners left them alone at home because they bond very closely with them.
Fighting Dog
Where Papillon dogs used as a fighting dog in the history?
Not really
In history, this breed was not really used for combat dog.

Papillon Good With

Stranger Friendly
Are they aggressive or friendly towards/with strangers? Papillon temperament with other people:
Papillons are very stranger friendly dogs.
Child Friendly
Are Papillon dogs kid-friendly? Are they good with young children? Papillon temperament with children:
Papillons are kid-friendly dogs. This breed is a good choice if you have children.
Cat Friendly
How well do Papillon dogs get along with cats? Are they good with kittens? What is this fido's temperament with cats? Can they be good with cats?
Papillons are very cat-friendly dogs.
Dog Friendly
Is Papillon good with other dogs? Are they dog-friendly dogs? How well do Papillon dogs get along with other dogs? What is this canine temperament with other dogs?
Papillons are not the most dog-friendly dogs. If you want more dogs in your family or you'd like to join dog meetups, the Papillon is not a good choice.
Good For First Time Owners
Is Papillon breed good for first-time owners? Do they make a good dog for novice owners?
Papillons are good for novice owners, due to their easy-going personality.
Service Dog
Are they good as service dogs? Can Papillon be a guide dog? Are they used as seeing-eye dogs?
Not really
This breed generally not used as a service dog. A service dog is a term used in the USA to refer to any type of assistance dog specifically trained to help people who have disabilities, such as visual impairment, hearing impairments, mental disorders, seizures, mobility impairment, and diabetes. Service dogs are protected under the ADA (Americans with Disabilities Act). Papillon is not the best breed for service purposes.
Therapy Dog
Are they good as therapy dogs? Can Papillon be a therapy dog? Are they good anxiety dogs? Can a Papillon be an emotional support animal?
Not really
This breed generally not used as a therapy dog. A therapy dog is a dog that might be trained to provide affection, comfort, and love to people in hospitals, retirement homes, nursing homes, schools, hospices, disaster areas, and to people with anxiety disorders or autism. Papillon is not the best breed for therapeutic purposes.
Detection Dog or Sniffer Dog
Are they good as detection dogs? Can Papillon be a sniffer dog?
Not really
A detection dog or sniffer dog is a dog that is trained to use its senses (mostly its smell) to detect substances such as explosives, illegal drugs, wildlife scat, currency, blood, and contraband electronics such as illicit mobile phones. Papillon is not the best breed for detection purposes.
Office Friendly
Are Papillons good office dogs? Do Papillons make good office friendly dogs? Can Papillons be office dogs?
Papillon is not the best dog breed for office environment.
Search and Rescue Dog (SAR)
Are they good as SAR dogs? Can Papillon be a search and rescue dog?
Not really
The use of dogs in search and rescue (SAR) is a valuable component in wilderness tracking, natural disasters, mass casualty events, and in locating missing people. The Papillon is not the best breed for SAR purposes.
Senior Citizens Friendly
Are they senior citizens friendly dogs? How well do Papillon dogs get along with the elderly people? What is the Butterfly Dog temperament with senior people? Are Papillon dogs good for elderly owners?
Papillons are usually recommended for elderly people.
Boat Dog
Are they good as boat dogs? Can Papillon be a boat dog?
Not really
Papillon breed usually doesn't like being on a boat.
Pet Friendly
Are they pet-friendly dogs? How well do Papillon dogs get along with other pets? Are Papillon dogs good with pets? What is this canine temperament with other pets?
Papillons are one of the friendliest dog breeds.
Cart Pulling or Drafting Dog
Are they good as cart pulling dogs? Can Papillon be a drafting dog?
Not really
A drafting dog or draft dog is a dog bred and used for cart pulling. Dogs bred for this work have strong builds and qualities that are needed, strength and determination. Papillon is not the best breed for drafting purposes.

Papillon Health Factors

Health Issues
Is it a healthy or unhealthy breed? Do Papillon dogs have health problems or genetic diseases?
The Papillon is a healthy breed, but there are certain health issues that you should check with your vet regularly.
Health Problems
What genetic/health problems does the Papillon breed have? What are the health issues and concerns of the Papillon breed? Most common health risks of Papillon:
Collapsed TracheaHypoglycemiaOpen FontanelPatellar LuxationProgressive retinal atrophy (PRA)
Veterinarian Visits
How often does the Papillon breed need to go to the vet? How often should you take your dog to the vet? How often should the Papillon see the vet?
The Papillon should have a complete physical check-up at least once per year. If your dog shows any symptoms, call your veterinarian.
Life Expectancy
How long do Papillon dogs live? What is the average lifespan of this breed? How old can a Papillon be? What is the age limit of the Papillon? How many years can the oldest Papillon live?
13-16 years
Is the Papillon breed hypoallergenic?
Papillons don't do well with allergy sufferers by causing allergic reaction. Some of the dog breeds are even considered to higher the possibility of an allergic response. Coat type isn't necessarily relevant, because most people are allergic to dander (flakes on the dog's skin) or saliva, not actually to dog hair.
Energy Level
How much energy does the Papillon have? What is the activity level of the Papillon?
Papillons have a higher energy level than other dog breeds. If you want a dog for snuggling on the couch, this breed isn't the perfect choice for you.
Activity Requirement / Exercise Need
How much activity does this dog need? How much exercise do Papillon dogs require per day?
Papillons need a lot of exercises. Long walks should be on a daily schedule. If you live an active life, this breed can be a good choice for you.
Sleeping Need
How much sleep does this fido need?
Papillons are quite energetic dogs and they don't spend to much time with sleeping. If you live an active life, this breed can be a good choice for you.
Avg. daily food consumption
How much food does the Papillon need? How often should I feed my canine? What dog products should I buy?
1/4 to 1 cup of high-quality dry food a day, divided into two meals.
Weight Gain Potential / Prone to Obesity
How easy to gain weight for this dog? Papillon risk for obesity:
Average. The Papillon has an average risk for obesity. Daily walks should be on schedule. To make your dog happy and fit, feed him with quality dry dog food and live an active life together. Try to find the happy medium between exercise and feeding. If you notice any weight gain, consult your veterinarian and make a diet plan. Reduce unhealthy food and snacks, and measure the Papillon's weight regularly.
Weather & Climate
Which weather condition is preferred by this dog? Can they tolerate hot and cold weather & climate?
Prefers average to warm weather conditions
How stinky is this dog? Why does it smell bad and how to get rid of the smell?
The Papillon has a low chance of bad smell. Top reasons for dog stinkiness: infection of bad tooth/ear/skin folds, gas attacks.
Drooling tendency
Does the Papillon drool?
The Papillon is a perfect example for very low drooling tendency. If you're disgusted by slobber spots on your clothes, the Papillon could be a perfect choice for you. Drooling is the unintentional saliva flowing outside of the mouth. It can be completely normal or a sign of a health problem. Certain dog breeds drool minimal compared to others, just like the Papillon. If you notice any change in your dog's drooling habit, you should contact a vet as soon as possible.

Papillon Reproducibility

Gestation Length
How long does this dog's pregnancy last? How long does this dog pregnant? How long does it take to have puppies?
60-64 days
Reproductive cycle of the female Papillon: The first period called Proestrus lasts for about 9 days. During this time the females start to attract males. You can notice by swelling vulva and bloody discharge. The second part is the Estrus when the female is receptive for the male. It lasts for about 3 to 11 days. The sign of the proestrus part is the soft and enlarged vulva. The discharge decreases and lightens in color. The third part is the Diestrus. Normally, it occurs around day 14. In this period the female’s discharge changes for vivid red and coming to its end. The vulva returns to average, and she will no longer permit mating. The fourth part called the Anestrus. The time frame between heat periods normally lasts about six months.
Litter Frequency Once a year.
More frequent breeding is not healthy. It is very important not to buy a dog from a puppy mill, where the needs of the pups and their mothers are ignored. It's an inhumane high-volume dog breeding facility, where puppies born several times a year.
Litter Size
How many puppies can the Papillon have? What is the average litter size of this fido?
2-4 puppies

Papillon Pros & Cons

  • Intelligent Rank: Outstanding: Papillon is one of the brightest dog breeds.
  • Trainability: Papillons are easy to train.
  • Shedding Level: Papillons shed none to minimal.
  • Drooling tendency: The Papillon is a perfect example for very low drooling tendency.
  • Stinkiness: The Papillon has a low chance of bad smell.
  • Impulse to Wander or Roam: Papillons are not the biggest explorers.
  • Adaptability: Papillons adapt very well to lifestyle changes and basically all living environments.
  • Child Friendly: Papillons are kid-friendly dogs.
  • Cat Friendly: Papillons are very cat-friendly dogs.
  • Senior Citizens Friendly: Papillons are usually recommended for elderly people.
  • Good For First Time Owners: Papillons are good for novice owners, due to their easy-going personality.
  • Hypoallergenic: Papillons don't do well with allergy sufferers by causing allergic reaction.
  • Tolerates Being Left Alone: Papillons tend to have separation anxiety when their owners left them alone at home because they bond very closely with them.
  • Dog Friendly: Papillons are not the most dog-friendly dogs.
  • Office Friendly: Papillon is not the best dog breed for office environment.

Rate The Papillon Breed

Papillon Comments, Reviews & Questions

  • Lou

    Dec 17, 2021, 11:36:56 AM:

    These dogs are nothing short of amazing. Super smart, soft, cute, low shedding, very low odor, healthy, playful... I could go on and on. I'll never be without a Papillon if I can help it.

  • Sky

    Aug 14, 2021, 1:47:38 PM:

    Best dog I have ever had. So playful and excellent for people who are at home a lot.

  • Sarah

    Aug 3, 2021, 9:25:53 PM:

    Wow what a cutie! I feel like this is the breed of dog that I should be getting. They are a great little dog. I have seen these a lot where I live. I just wish I could buy one.

  • Joyce Wendeln

    Oct 28, 2019, 4:59:00 AM:

    I have a Phalene Papilion. He is loving, gentle and sweet, but as he aged (he is 11years now) he had developed small dog syndrome. If you don't know what that is look it up, you will remember it better.