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Alaunt Information & Dog Breed Facts

Collection of all the general dog breed info about Alaunt so you can get to know the breed more.

Group Extinct
Popularity Rank435
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Alaunt dog profile picture
OriginAfghanistan flagAfghanistan Albania flagAlbania Ukraine flagUkraine
Other Names
What other names does the Alaunt have?
Alano MastinsAlaoAlaunt de BoucherieAlaunt GentilAyudaBoucherieLebrelsOssetiansPresaWhite Kazbegi
Breed Type
What type of dog breed is it?
Purebred The Alaunt breed had three distinct types in France: Alaunt Veantre, Alaunt Boucherie and the Alaunt Gentile. The Alaunt was originally bred for working by the Iranian language-speaking Alani tribes, the nomads of Indo-European Sarmatian ancestry.

Alaunt Price and Availability

How much does the Alaunt puppy cost? What is the price range of this puppy? What is the average price of an Alaunt in the United States? How much money is an Alaunt?

Where to buy an Alaunt with a good pedigree?

Unfortunately the Alaunt is an extinct dog breed, so there isn’t any available price range or breeder in the world for purchasing this breed.
It is important to note that there are breeders who are trying to sell Alaunt dog. However, they are all scams because Alaunt is extinct. Alaunt puppies for sale are fakes, usually they're Pitbull, Mastiff and Bulldog mixes.
How easy is it to get a Alaunt? How many Alaunt are there in the world?
Unavailable: This dog breed, unfortunately, is no longer available, it may even be extinct.

Alaunt Size

Is an Alaunt small, medium or large dog?

How big do Alaunt get?

What is the average size of an Alaunt?

How much does the Alaunt weigh? How much should an Alaunt weight? What is the normal weight of an Alaunt? How much does a full-grown Alaunt weight?
Male: 35-50 pounds (16-23 kg), Female: 25-40 pounds (11-18 kg)
Average Weight
What is the average weight of an Alaunt?
Male: 42.5 pounds (19.5 kg), Female: 32.5 pounds (14.5 kg)
How tall is the Alaunt? Alaunt height:
22-33 inches (56-84 cm)
Average Height
What is the average height of an Alaunt?
27.5 inches (68 cm)

Alaunt Grooming, Hair and Care

Coat / Hair Types
What type of coat does the Alaunt have? What does this canine coat/fur look like?
What color is the breed's coat? What color are proper Alaunt coats?
Black White Brown
How to groom the Alaunt and how often? How often should I take my Alaunt to the groomer?
Effortless: The Alaunt requires minimal grooming. Seasonal flea treatment is needed, but cutting the dog's hair by a professional groomer isn't necessary.

Ears and eyes should be cleaned sometimes to avoid infections. Alaunt is one of the best choices if you don't have the time, skill, or money to take care of a high-maintenance dog.

Highly recommended for beginners.
Shedding Level
How much do Alaunt dogs shed? How to control, reduce and prevent the shedding of the Alano Mastins? Do Alaunt dogs shed a lot?
Alaunt dogs shed none to minimal. Having a puppy from this breed you don't have to be afraid of your couch or car being covered by dog hair. Alaunt dogs could be the best choice if you don't tolerate dog hair.
Bath Time / Bathing Frequency
How often does the Alaunt need a bath? How often should you give an Alaunt a bath? Can I bathe my Alaunt every day?
4-6 weeks
Average. Experts recommended at least every 4-6 weeks for this family pup. According to a study, 56% of pet parents don’t bathe their dogs as frequently as they should, and 60% use the sniff test when deciding when it’s bath time.

Bathing your dog is beneficial to them in more ways than just one. It’s also a good time to look for unusual scratches, bumps, fleas, and other irregularities. When their hair is wet and flat against their body, these details are more visible.

Alaunt Personality / Temperament

What kind of personality does the Alaunt have? What characteristics or traits does the breed have?
Intelligent Rank
How smart is the Alaunt? Is the Alaunt breed dumb or smart?
Smart: The Alaunt dogs have great intelligence. They understand and memorize new commands in 15-25 repetitions.

The Alaunt is among the smartest dogs in the intelligence ranking.

Are Alaunt dogs easy to train? Do they go well on dog training? How hard is it to train an Alaunt?
Alaunt dogs are very easy to train. They easily find out the association between commands and actions.
How playful is this breed?
The Alaunt is a playful breed. Excited barking and sometimes nipping will alert you to play.
Sensitivity Level
How sensitive are they? Alaunt sensitivity:
Alaunt dogs are less sensitive than other dog breeds. They aren't receptive to their owner's emotions and handle soft punishment quite well.

They don't mind an always changing daily routine, a hectic household, young children, a noisy or office environment, and frequent guest visits.

Affection Level
How affectionate are they? Is an Alaunt a good family dog?
Average: Alaunt dogs are average dogs regarding their affection level. Some breeds are forthcoming and friendly, while others are independent and don't bond too closely with their owners.
Social Needs
How much social interaction does the Alano Mastins need? Alaunt social needs:
Alaunt dogs need for social interaction is average. This breed likes being around people or other animals, but they don't mind being left alone for a few hours either.
Do Alaunt dogs bark a lot? Are they barkers/noisy? Why does my Alano Mastins bark?
Average: The Alaunt barks occasionally. They can change their barks depending on their emotional level and what they're trying to say. Different barks could mean the same and the same barks could have different meanings.

Top reasons for barking: protection, alarm, fear, boredom, attention-seeking, greeting, separation anxiety, compulsive barking.

Watchdog Ability
Is Alaunt good as a watchdog? Are they alert at night?
Alaunt dogs are one of the best watchdogs. Their main job is to observe and they're very consistent in their effort. The best vocal cords and sense of hearing belong to them. Usually, they're very territorial and protective about their property, so the Alaunt dogs will alert you if they sense something different.
Guarding Behavior / Territorial
Do Alaunt dogs have aggressive behavior to protect their home/house/territory? Do they have guarding instincts?
Alaunt dogs are extremely protective guard dogs. This breed doesn't hesitate to protect its territory so the Alaunt can be a good choice if you want an excellent guard dog. Keep calm and the Alaunt will take care of unwanted people or animals.
Biting Potential
Do Alaunt bite humans? How likely are you to get bitten from the Alano Mastins? What are the odds of getting bitten by a Alaunt? Why do dog bites happen?

Low 🔽

The Alaunt has a low chance of biting somebody. Top reasons for dog bite: protection, pain, excitement, herding instinct, being provoked. (Data based on the available online bite statistics.)
Bite Force
Does the Alaunt has a hard bite? What is the bite force of an Alaunt? How much bite force does an Alaunt have?

Between 200 and 400 PSI

Alaunt bite force: Ordinary. Average dogs have a bite force between 200 and 400 PSI.

The Alaunt, and many others, have a fearsome presence because they have significant jaw strength, so it is important not to anger the dog and have it around strangers until it is fully trained.

However, they are usually quite calm and good companions, they work well in families and are easy to care for.

How much mouthing/nipping/play biting does the Alaunt do?
Alaunt dogs have a lower than average tendency to nip, chew, playbite, or herd people. It's a common habit during puppyhood, not aggressive behavior. These "bites" don't hurt, but Alaunt dogs need to be taught a good attitude.
Impulse to Wander or Roam
How likely is the Alaunt to run away? Does this breed explore or wander a lot? Does Alaunt roam?
Alaunt dogs tend to escape less than other breeds. They have low to average wanderlust potential. Exploring the world is not the best activity they can imagine.
Prey Drive
Do this canine have a strong prey drive? Does Alaunt have high prey drive?
Alaunt dogs have a high impulse to chase and catch something. Cats or any other small animals are in danger. It's a natural instinct, doesn't necessarily mean that Alaunt dogs are aggressive. Better to keep this breed on a leash.
Apartment Friendly
Is Alaunt good as an apartment dog? Can they live in a flat? Can you have an Alaunt in an apartment?
Not an apartment-friendly dog the Alaunt breed. If you don't have a garden, think carefully about your decision, keeping Alaunt indoors can cause a lot of problems.
Are they adaptable and easy-going?
Average: Alaunt dogs adapt to lifestyle changes and different living environments quite okay usually.
Tolerates Being Left Alone
How long can an Alaunt be left alone? How long can you leave an Alaunt alone?
Just like every puppy, they are prone to panic, cry, bark, whine when they left alone by their owner. With proper socialization and quality time with the dog can solve this problem.

Alaunt Good With

Stranger Friendly
Are they aggressive or friendly towards/with strangers? Alaunt temperament with other people:
Alaunt dogs are average friendly towards strangers.
Pet Friendly
Are they pet-friendly dogs? How well do Alaunt dogs get along with other pets? Are Alaunt dogs good with pets? What is this canine temperament with other pets?
Alaunt dogs are generally with other pets.
Child Friendly
Are Alaunt dogs kid-friendly? Are they good with young children? Alaunt temperament with children:
Alaunt dogs are kid-friendly dogs. This breed is a good choice if you have children.
Cat Friendly
How well do Alaunt dogs get along with cats? Are they good with kittens? What is this fido's temperament with cats? Can they be good with cats? Can the Alaunt breed live with a cat?
Alaunt dogs are average friendly towards cats.
Dog Friendly
Is Alaunt good with other dogs? Are they dog-friendly dogs? How well do Alaunt dogs get along with other dogs?
Alaunt dogs are dog-friendly dogs. If you want more dogs in your family or you'd like to join dog meetups, the Alaunt can be a great choice.
Good For First Time Owners
Is Alaunt breed good for first-time owners? Do they make a good dog for novice owners? Is Alaunt breed suitable for first-time owners?
Alaunt dogs are good for novice owners, due to their easy-going personality.
Office Friendly
Are Alaunt dogs good office canines? Do Alaunt dogs make good office-friendly pets? Can they be office dogs?
Alaunt is not the best dog breed for office environment.
Senior Citizens Friendly
Are they senior citizens friendly dogs? How well do Alaunt dogs get along with the elderly people? What is the Alano Mastins temperament with senior people? Are Alaunt dogs good for elderly owners?
Alaunts are usually recommended for elderly people.

Alaunt Health

Health Issues
Is it a healthy or unhealthy breed? Do Alaunt dogs have health problems or genetic diseases?
Very healthy dog breed. The Alaunt rarely meets with the veterinarian.
Veterinarian Visits
How often does the Alaunt breed need to go to the vet? How often should you take your dog to the vet? How often should the Alaunt see the vet?
The Alaunt should have a complete physical check-up at least every 12-18 months (but preferably once per year). If your dog shows any symptoms, call your veterinarian.
Life Expectancy
How long do Alaunt dogs live? How old can a Alaunt be? What is the age limit of the Alaunt? How many years can the oldest Alaunt live?

What is the average life expectancy / lifespan of an Alaunt?

How long is the lifespan of an Alaunt?

10-12 years
The average lifespan of Alaunt: 11 years
Is the Alaunt breed hypoallergenic?
Alaunt dogs don't do well with allergy sufferers by causing allergic reactions. Some dog breeds are even considered to higher possibility of an allergic response. Coat type isn't necessarily relevant, because most people are allergic to dander (flakes on the dog's skin) or saliva, not actually to dog hair.
Energy Level
How much energy does the Alaunt have? What is the activity level of the Alaunt?
Alaunt dogs are high-energy dogs. An active lifestyle makes them happy.
Activity Requirement / Exercise Need
How much exercise does an Alaunt need? How much exercise do Alaunt dogs require per day?

Do Alaunt dogs need a lot of exercises?

Alaunt dogs need a lot of exercises. Long walks should be on a daily schedule. If you live an active life, this breed can be a good choice for you.
Sleeping Need
How much sleep does the Alaunt breed need?
Alaunt dogs are quite energetic dogs and they don't spend too much time with sleeping. If you live an active life, this breed can be a good choice for you.
Average daily food consumption
How much food does an Alaunt need? What dog products should I buy? How much food does an Alaunt breed eat per day? What is good dog food for Alaunt? How much food should I feed my Alaunt?
1.5 to 2.5 cups of high-quality dry food a day, divided into two meals.
Weight Gain Potential / Prone to Obesity
How easy to gain weight for this dog? Alaunt risk for obesity:
Average: The Alaunt has an average risk for obesity. Daily walks should be on schedule. To make your dog happy and fit, feed him with quality dry dog food and live an active life together. Try to find the happy medium between exercise and feeding.

If you notice any weight gain, consult your veterinarian and make a diet plan. Reduce unhealthy food and snacks, and measure the Alaunt weight regularly.

Weather and Climate
Which weather condition is preferred by this dog? Can they tolerate hot or cold weather and climate?
Tolerates warm and cold weather
Dogs that tolerate hot and cold weather are typically those that have a double coat of fur. Dogs with a double coat of fur have a layer of fur that insulates their skin and helps protect them from the cold and the heat.
How stinky is this dog? Why does it smell bad and how to get rid of the smell?

Low 🔽

The Alaunt has a low chance of bad smell. Top reasons for dog stinkiness: infection of bad tooth/ear/skin folds, gas attacks.
Drooling Tendency
Does the Alaunt drool?
The Alaunt is a perfect example of a low drooling tendency. If you dislike being covered by slobber spots on your clothes, the Alaunt could be a good choice for you. Drooling is the unintentional saliva flowing outside of the mouth. It can be completely normal or a sign of a health problem. Certain dog breeds drool less than others, just like the Alaunt.

If you notice any change in your dog's drooling habit, you should contact a vet as soon as possible.

Alaunt As a Working Dog

Service Dog
Are they good as service dogs? Can Alaunt be a guide dog? Are they used as seeing-eye dogs?

Not really

This breed generally not used as a service dog. A service dog is a term used in the USA to refer to any type of assistance dog specifically trained to help people who have disabilities, such as visual impairment, hearing impairments, mental disorders, seizures, mobility impairment, and diabetes. Service dogs are protected under the ADA (Americans with Disabilities Act).

Alaunt is not the best breed for service purposes.

Therapy Dog
Are they good as therapy dogs? Can Alaunt be a therapy dog? Are they good anxiety dogs? Can a Alaunt be an emotional support animal?

Not really

This breed is generally not used as a therapy dog. A therapy dog is a dog that might be trained to provide affection, comfort, and love to people in hospitals, retirement homes, nursing homes, schools, hospices, disaster areas, and people with anxiety disorders or autism.

Alaunt is not the best breed for therapeutic purposes.

Detection Dog or Sniffer Dog
Are they good as detection dogs? Can Alaunt be a sniffer dog?

Not really

They are not typically employed for this type of work, but there may be exceptional cases. A detection dog or sniffer dog is a dog that is trained to use its senses (mostly its smell) to detect substances such as explosives, illegal drugs, wildlife scat, currency, blood, and contraband electronics such as illicit mobile phones.

Alaunt is not the best breed for detection purposes.

Search and Rescue Dog (SAR)
Are they good as SAR dogs? Can Alaunt be a search and rescue dog?

Not really

This dog breed is not typically used as a search and rescue dog. The use of dogs in search and rescue (SAR) is a valuable component in wilderness tracking, natural disasters, mass casualty events, and locating missing people.

The Alaunt is not the best breed for SAR purposes.

Boat and Sailor Dog
Are they good as boat dogs? Can Alaunt be a boat dog?

Not really

Alaunt breed usually doesn't like being on a boat.

Boat dogs were typically bred for their strength, stamina, and water resistance, as they were often required to perform tasks such as pulling in fishing nets, and jumping into the water to retrieve ropes or lines, or helping to move cargo.

Sailor dog is a type of dog that was bred to accompany sailors on their voyages. They were typically used for three purposes: as a working dog, a watchdog, and as a companion. A boat dog is a term used to describe a type of dog that was traditionally bred and used as a working dog on boats.

Cart Pulling or Drafting Dog
Are they good as cart pulling dogs? Can Alaunt be a drafting dog?

Not really

A drafting dog or draft dog is a dog bred and used for cart pulling. Dogs bred for this work have strong builds and qualities that are needed, strength and determination.

Alaunt is not the best breed for drafting purposes.

Fighting Dog / Military Dog
Where Alaunt dogs used as fighting / military dogs in history?

Not really

In history, this breed was not really used for combat dog.

Alaunt Reproducibility

Gestation Length
How long is an Alaunt pregnant?How long does it take to have puppies? How to tell if the Alaunt breed is pregnant?

60-64 days

Reproductive cycle of the female Alaunt: The first period called Proestrus lasts for about 9 days.

During this time the females start to attract males. You can notice by swelling vulva and bloody discharge.

The second part is the Estrus when the female is receptive for the male. It lasts for about 3 to 11 days.

The sign of the proestrus part is the soft and enlarged vulva. The discharge decreases and lightens in color.

The third part is the Diestrus. Normally, it occurs around day 14. In this period the female’s discharge changes for vivid red and coming to its end. The vulva returns to average, and she will no longer permit mating.

The fourth part called the Anestrus. The time frame between heat periods normally lasts about six months.

Litter Frequency

Once a year.

More frequent breeding is not healthy. It is very important not to buy a dog from a puppy mill, where the needs of the pups and their mothers are ignored. It's an inhumane high-volume dog breeding facility, where puppies born several times a year.
Litter Size
How many puppies can the Alaunt have in a litter? How many puppies can the Alaunt breed have for the first time? How many puppies does an Alaunt have? How many puppies can an Alaunt give birth to?
6-10 puppies

Alaunt Recognition

AKC Group
Is Alaunt recognized by the American Kennel Club?
Not recognized by the American Kennel Club.
FCI Group
Is Alaunt recognized by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI)?
Not recognized by FCI.

Alaunt Pros and Cons

  • Intelligent Rank: Smart: The Alaunt dogs have great intelligence.
  • Trainability: Alaunt dogs are very easy to train.
  • Health Issues: Very healthy dog breed.
  • Grooming: Effortless: The Alaunt requires minimal grooming.
  • Shedding Level: Alaunt dogs shed none to minimal.
  • Drooling Tendency: The Alaunt is a perfect example of a low drooling tendency.
  • Stinkiness: The Alaunt has a low chance of bad smell.
  • Watchdog Ability: Alaunt dogs are one of the best watchdogs.
  • Mouthiness: Alaunt dogs have a lower than average tendency to nip, chew, playbite, or herd people.
  • Impulse to Wander or Roam: Alaunt dogs tend to escape less than other breeds.
  • Child Friendly: Alaunt dogs are kid-friendly dogs.
  • Dog Friendly: Alaunt dogs are dog-friendly dogs.
  • Senior Citizens Friendly: Alaunts are usually recommended for elderly people.
  • Good For First Time Owners: Alaunt dogs are good for novice owners, due to their easy-going personality.
  • Hypoallergenic: Alaunt dogs don't do well with allergy sufferers by causing allergic reactions.
  • Apartment Friendly: Not an apartment-friendly dog the Alaunt breed.
  • Office Friendly: Alaunt is not the best dog breed for office environment.

Alaunt History

The Alaunt is an ancient mastiff-type of dog breed that is extinct now, and which was thought to first originate from the central parts of Asia. It is thought that the breed can trace its origins back to the early 5th or 6th century.

According to the most widely accepted theory, the Alaunt was developed by nomads of Sarmatian Indo-Iranian ancestry in order to help them with work around the 6th century. It is thought that the breed came to existence by crossing the working breeds from central Asia including the Sarmatian Mastiff and the Armenian Grampr. The Alaunt became massively well-known and popular when these nomadic tribes began to breed and train them during war times, in order to help people domesticate horses. The tribes that bred the Alaunt always migrated towards other nations, thus the Alaunt spread across tribes and nations in the central parts of Asia and around Europe. The breed’s gene pool also increased, because of the fact that during the migration, people added other local dogs into the breeding mix, with the aim of creating new dogs perfectly fit for the desired purposes. These local dogs included the Molosser breeds, the Mountain Dog, and the Metchkars. As a result of this gene pool expansion and several cross breeding, the white Balkan type of Alaunt evolved, which was directly related to Albanian and Greek breeds.

The original type of Alaunt was known as the Alaunt de Boucherie, and it was a mastiff-looking helping dog for humans throughout the world. Then, as the migration trend increased further, the Alaunt spread over the southern countries of Europe including Portugal, Spain, and France, where the breed got mixed with some local breeds in order to serve better as working dogs. Through the crossbreeding with several sighthounds and scent-hounds, some Alaunts became well-esteemed hunting dogs, which were mainly used to pursue larger game, thanks to the dogs’ larger physique. In Italy, the Alaunt was trained and used for herding cattle, meanwhile, in Spain, three different kinds emerged: the Mastins, the Alanos, and the Lebrels. These varieties were also trained to be herding dogs. In France, the Alaunt divided into two categories, the first was the lightest type, the Alaunt Gentile, which was a greyhound kind of breed, while the other type was the original mastiff-like variety, which played a crucial part in the development of fighting and baiting culture in France.

The constant migration of the nomadic tribes, and the many cross-breeding processes, prevented people from focusing on increasing the original, pure Alaunt population or preventing their extinction. For the reason that, in the central parts of Asia, the dogs were primarily used as fighting and war dogs, the Alaunt’s population numbers quickly decreased, and the breed is considered to went extinct in the late 17th century. According to the relics and depictions of the breed, it is believed that the Alaunt was a loyal, independent, active, and energetic dog breed, which was renewed from its intelligence and adaptable nature. According to some, the closest modern breed to the Alaunt is the Great Dane, moreover, the Italians call the Great Dane “Alano” in Italy.

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Alaunt Comments, Reviews and Questions

  • Kevin B.

    Nov 8, 2020, 4:07:00 PM:

    Size listed here is way off. My Alaunt pup is 50lbs @ 5 months, and will be 130+lbs full grown. He came from a reputable breeder. Yes he's a recreation, but an accurate one. Original dogs were MUCH bigger than 30-50lbs!