Great Dane Information & Dog Breed Facts

Collection of all the general dog breed info about Great Dane so you can get to know the breed more.

Group Working Dogs
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Great Dane dog profile picture
OriginGermany flagGermany
Other Names
What other names does the Great Dane have?
Apollo of DogsDeutsche DoggeGentle GiantGerman MastiffDane
Breed Type
What type of dog breed is it?
Purebred

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Great Dane Price and Availability

Price
How much does the Great Dane puppy cost? What is the price range of this puppy? What is the average price of this dog in the United States? Is this puppy expensive? How much should I pay for it?
$800-$1200
If you choose to purchase the Great Dane, you should know that the mentioned amount of money is an average of the collected data from breeders’ sites and puppy finder places. If you have a Great Dane for sale, please advertise it on a reliable website to make sure the Great Dane gets to a happy place.
Availability
How easy is it to get a Great Dane?
Very frequent: The Great Dane is quite easy to get. There is a risk of overbreeding, as it is an extremely popular breed.

Inbreeding is common because of its popularity. A new study suggests that inbreeding contributes to the incidence of disease and health problems.

So be careful, buy from a trustworthy place or kennel and seek the help of an experienced person, a professional, to make the right decision.

Great Dane Size

Size
What size is this breed? How big is this dog?
Giant
Weight
How much does the Great Dane weigh? Great Dane weight:
Male: 120-200 pounds (54-90 kg), Female: 100-130 pounds (45-59 kg)
Average Weight
What is the average weight of the Great Dane? Great Dane average weight:
Male: 160 pounds (72 kg), Female: 115 pounds (52 kg)
Height
How tall is the Great Dane? Great Dane height:
Male: 30-34 inches (76-86 cm), Female: 28-32 inches (71-81 cm)
Average Height
What is the average height of this fido? Great Dane average height:
Male: 32 inches (81 cm), Female: 30 inches (76 cm)

Great Dane Grooming, Hair and Care

Coat / Hair Types
What type of coat does the Great Dane have? What does this canine coat/fur look like?
Dense
Colors
What color is the breed's coat? What color is a proper Great Dane's coat?
Blue FawnWhiteBrindleMerleBlack
Grooming
How to groom the Great Dane and how often?
Effortless: The Great Dane requires minimal grooming. Seasonal flea treatment is needed, but cutting the dog's hair by a professional groomer isn't necessary.

Ears and eyes should be cleaned sometimes to avoid infections. Great Dane is one of the best choices if you don't have the time, skill, or money to take care of a high-maintenance dog.

Highly recommended for beginners.
Shedding Level
How much do Great Dane dogs shed? How to control, reduce and prevent the shedding of the Apollo of Dogs?
Great Danes shed moderately. It's a natural process of the hair growth cycle. Regular brushing reduces the amount of hair that sheds. It mostly depends on their health status and breed type.
Bath Time / Bathing Frequency
How often does the Great Dane need a bath? How often should bathe this dog? Can I bathe my Great Dane every day?
4-6 weeks
Average. Experts recommended at least every 4-6 weeks for this family pup. According to a study, 56% of pet parents don’t bathe their dogs as frequently as they should, and 60% use the sniff test when deciding when it’s bath time. Bathing your dog is beneficial to them in more ways than just one. It’s also a good time to look for unusual scratches, bumps, fleas, and other irregularities. When their hair is wet and flat against their body, these details are more visible.

Great Dane Personality / Temperament

Temperament
What kind of personality does the Great Dane have? What characteristics or traits does the breed have?
FriendlyDevotedGentleReservedConfidentIntelligentLoving
Intelligent Rank
How smart is the Great Dane? Are they intelligent?
Smart: Great Dane's has great intelligence. They understand and memorize new commands in 15-25 repetitions.
Trainability
Are Great Dane dogs easy to train? Do they go well on dog training?
Great Danes are quite easy to train. Sometimes they can be challenging, but if you're consistent in teaching new commands they will obey for sure.
Playfulness
How playful is this breed?
Great Danes are not the most playful dog breed. Sometimes they do like playing, but that's not their favorite activity.
Sensitivity Level
How sensitive are they? Great Dane sensitivity:
Sensitive: Great Danes don't like an irregular daily routine, noisy household, and frequent guest visits. This breed's emotional level reflects their owner's feelings and they don't handle punishments well.
Affection Level
How affectionate are they? Are they affectionate?
Average: Great Danes are average dogs regarding their affection level. Some breeds are forthcoming and friendly, while others are independent and don't bond too closely with their owners.
Social Needs
How much social interaction does the Apollo of Dogs need? Great Dane social needs:
Great Danes are a social breed. They enjoy being around people or other animals. This breed doesn't tolerate being left alone.
Barking
Do Great Dane dogs bark a lot? Are they barkers/noisy? Why does my Apollo of Dogs bark?
Low to Average: The Great Dane rarely barks. This breed could be a good choice if you're looking for a quiet breed. They don't bark unless there is a good reason. Top reasons for barking: protection, alarm, fear, boredom, attention-seeking, greeting, separation anxiety, compulsive barking.
Watchdog Ability
Is Great Dane good as a watchdog? Are they alert at night?
Great Danes are one of the best watchdogs. Their main job is to observe and they're very consistent in their effort. The best vocal cords and sense of hearing belong to them. Usually, they're very territorial and protective about their property, so the Great Dane dogs will alert you if they sense something different.
Guarding Behavior / Territorial
Do Great Dane dogs have an aggressive behavior to protect their home/house/territory? Do they have guarding instincts?
Great Danes are extremely protective guard dogs. This breed doesn't hesitate to protect its territory so the Great Dane can be a good choice if you want an excellent guard dog. Keep calm and the Great Dane will take care of unwanted people or animals.
Biting Potential
Do Great Dane bite humans? How likely are you to get bitten from the Apollo of Dogs? What are the odds of getting bitten by a Great Dane? Why do dog bites happen?

Low 🔽

The Great Dane has a low chance of biting somebody. Top reasons for dog bite: protection, pain, excitement, herding instinct, being provoked. (Data based on the available online bite statistics.)
Bite Force
Does the Great Dane has a hard bite?

Above 400 PSI 🔼

Great Dane bite force: The Strongest. Dogs that have a strong bite force are usually quite powerful and large. They are very protective of themselves and their families, therefore a dog bite from them could be exceptionally dangerous with their PSI being above 400. It is important that they’re trained to be around others safely.
Mouthiness
How much mouthing/nipping/play biting does the Great Dane do?
Great Danes have a higher than average tendency to nip, chew, play-bite, or herd people. It's a common habit during puppyhood, not aggressive behavior. These "bites" don't hurt, but Great Danes need to be taught for a good attitude.
Impulse to Wander or Roam
How likely is the Great Dane to run away? Does this breed explore or wander a lot? Does Great Dane roam?
Great Danes have average wanderlust potential. Sometimes they like to explore the world and they might escape once or twice, but usually, they prefer staying safely at home. Safer to teach them how to get back to you on command.
Prey Drive
Do this canine have a strong prey drive? Does Great Dane have high prey drive?
Great Danes have an average prey drive, which means that they don't have a high impulse to chase and catch something like a cat or any other small aminals, but it might happen. Training can help to achieve good behavior.
Apartment Friendly
Is Great Dane good as an apartment dog? Can they live in a flat?
Very house-friendly dog the Great Dane breed. It's good if you have a small garden where he can go out and do his business, but it's not important at all. You can get enough exercise with one or two walks a day, so keeping them indoors shouldn't be a problem.
Adaptability
Are they adaptable and easy-going?
Average: Great Danes adapt to lifestyle changes and different living environments quite okay usually.
Tolerates Being Left Alone
Can you leave this breed home alone?
Great Danes do best when a family member is at home during the day or if their workplace is dog-friendly so they can take the dog at work.

Great Dane Good With

Stranger Friendly
Are they aggressive or friendly towards/with strangers? Great Dane temperament with other people:
Great Danes are average friendly towards strangers.
Pet Friendly
Are they pet-friendly dogs? How well do Great Dane dogs get along with other pets? Are Great Dane dogs good with pets? What is this canine temperament with other pets?
Great Danes are generally with other pets.
Child Friendly
Are Great Dane dogs kid-friendly? Are they good with young children? Great Dane temperament with children:
Great Danes are kid-friendly dogs. This breed is a good choice if you have children.
Cat Friendly
How well do Great Dane dogs get along with cats? Are they good with kittens? What is this fido's temperament with cats? Can they be good with cats?
Great Danes are average friendly towards cats.
Dog Friendly
Is Great Dane good with other dogs? Are they dog-friendly dogs? How well do Great Dane dogs get along with other dogs? What is this canine temperament with other dogs?
Great Danes are average friendly towards other dogs.
Good For First Time Owners
Is Great Dane breed good for first-time owners? Do they make a good dog for novice owners?
Yes
Great Danes are good for novice owners, due to their easy-going personality.
Office Friendly
Are Great Danes good office dogs? Do Great Danes make good office friendly dogs? Can Great Danes be office dogs?
No
Great Dane is not the best dog breed for office environment.
Senior Citizens Friendly
Are they senior citizens friendly dogs? How well do Great Dane dogs get along with the elderly people? What is the Apollo of Dogs temperament with senior people? Are Great Dane dogs good for elderly owners?
Great Danes are usually recommended for elderly people.

Great Dane Health

Health Issues
Is it a healthy or unhealthy breed? Do Great Dane dogs have health problems or genetic diseases?
Great Danes are commonly healthy dogs. Vet costs aren't expensive with this breed.
Health Problems
What genetic/health problems does the Great Dane breed have? What are the health issues and concerns of the Great Dane breed? Most common health risks of Great Dane:
BloatCancerDilated CardiomyopathyHip DysplasiaMitral Valve DiseasePatent Ductus ArteriosisPersistent Right Aortic ArchSubvalvular Aortic StenosisTricuspid Valve Dysplasia
Veterinarian Visits
How often does the Great Dane breed need to go to the vet? How often should you take your dog to the vet? How often should the Great Dane see the vet?
Rare
The Great Dane should have a complete physical check-up at least every 12-18 months (but preferably once per year). If your dog shows any symptoms, call your veterinarian.
Life Expectancy
How long do Great Dane dogs live? What is the average lifespan of this breed? How old can a Great Dane be? What is the age limit of the Great Dane? How many years can the oldest Great Dane live?
7-11 years
The average lifespan of Great Dane: 9 years
Hypoallergenic
Is the Great Dane breed hypoallergenic?
No
Great Danes don't do well with allergy sufferers by causing allergic reaction. Some of the dog breeds are even considered to higher the possibility of an allergic response. Coat type isn't necessarily relevant, because most people are allergic to dander (flakes on the dog's skin) or saliva, not actually to dog hair.
Energy Level
How much energy does the Great Dane have? What is the activity level of the Great Dane?
Great Danes are high-energy dogs. An active lifestyle makes them happy.
Activity Requirement / Exercise Need
How much activity does this dog need? How much exercise do Great Dane dogs require per day?
Great Danes exercise need is minimal. If you live a slow life, this breed can be a good choice for you.
Sleeping Need
How much sleep does this fido need?
Great Danes don't need too much sleep. They are energetic and desire to live an active life. If you think naps are overrated, this breed can be the best choice for you.
Average daily food consumption
How much food does the Great Dane need? How often should I feed my canine? What dog products should I buy?
8 to 10 cups of high-quality dry food a day, divided into two meals
Weight Gain Potential / Prone to Obesity
How easy to gain weight for this dog? Great Dane risk for obesity:
Low to Average: The Great Dane has a low to the average risk for obesity. To make your dog happy and fit, feed him with quality dry dog food and live an active life together. Try to find the happy medium between exercise and feeding. If you notice any weight change, consult your veterinarian to make a meal plan, and measure the Great Dane's weight regularly.
Weather and Climate
Which weather condition is preferred by this dog? Can they tolerate hot or cold weather and climate?
Prefers average to warm weather conditions
Different dogs have different preferences when it comes to weather conditions. However, in general, most dogs prefer average to warm weather conditions, as they typically find hot weather conditions to be uncomfortable and taxing.
Stinkiness
How stinky is this dog? Why does it smell bad and how to get rid of the smell?

Medium

The Great Dane has an average chance of bad smell. Top reasons for dog stinkiness: infection of bad tooth/ear/skin folds, gas attacks.
Drooling Tendency
Does the Great Dane drool?
The Great Dane drools quite a lot, so if you dislike being covered by slobber spots on your clothes, you may want to choose another dog breed. Drooling is the unintentional saliva flowing outside of the mouth. It can be completely normal or a sign of a health problem. Certain dog breeds drool more than others, just like the Great Dane. If you notice any change in your dog's drooling habit, you should contact a vet as soon as possible.

Great Dane As a Working Dog

Service Dog
Are they good as service dogs? Can Great Dane be a guide dog? Are they used as seeing-eye dogs?

Not really

This breed generally not used as a service dog. A service dog is a term used in the USA to refer to any type of assistance dog specifically trained to help people who have disabilities, such as visual impairment, hearing impairments, mental disorders, seizures, mobility impairment, and diabetes. Service dogs are protected under the ADA (Americans with Disabilities Act). Great Dane is not the best breed for service purposes.
Therapy Dog
Are they good as therapy dogs? Can Great Dane be a therapy dog? Are they good anxiety dogs? Can a Great Dane be an emotional support animal?

Yes

This breed makes a perfect therapy dog. A therapy dog is a dog that might be trained to provide affection, comfort, and love to people in hospitals, retirement homes, nursing homes, schools, hospices, disaster areas, and to people with anxiety disorders or autism. Great Dane breed is a good choice for therapeutic purposes.
Detection Dog or Sniffer Dog
Are they good as detection dogs? Can Great Dane be a sniffer dog?

Not really

They are not typically employed for this type of work, but there may be exceptional cases. A detection dog or sniffer dog is a dog that is trained to use its senses (mostly its smell) to detect substances such as explosives, illegal drugs, wildlife scat, currency, blood, and contraband electronics such as illicit mobile phones. Great Dane is not the best breed for detection purposes.
Search and Rescue Dog (SAR)
Are they good as SAR dogs? Can Great Dane be a search and rescue dog?

Not really

This dog breed is not typically used as a search and rescue dog. The use of dogs in search and rescue (SAR) is a valuable component in wilderness tracking, natural disasters, mass casualty events, and locating missing people. The Great Dane is not the best breed for SAR purposes.
Boat and Sailor Dog
Are they good as boat dogs? Can Great Dane be a boat dog?

Not really

Great Dane breed usually doesn't like being on a boat.

Boat dogs were typically bred for their strength, stamina, and water resistance, as they were often required to perform tasks such as pulling in fishing nets, and jumping into the water to retrieve ropes or lines, or helping to move cargo.

Sailor dog is a type of dog that was bred to accompany sailors on their voyages. They were typically used for three purposes: as a working dog, a watchdog, and as a companion. A boat dog is a term used to describe a type of dog that was traditionally bred and used as a working dog on boats.

Cart Pulling or Drafting Dog
Are they good as cart pulling dogs? Can Great Dane be a drafting dog?

Yes

A drafting dog or draft dog is a dog bred and used for cart pulling. Dogs bred for this work have strong builds and qualities that are needed, strength and determination. Great Dane breed is a good choice for drafting purposes.
Fighting Dog / Military Dog
Where Great Dane dogs used as fighting / military dogs in history?

Yes

In history, this breed was unfortunately used for combat dogs. A combat dog is a specially trained dog that is used in warfare to help protect military personnel and assets. Combat dogs are often deployed in areas where there is potential for contact with the enemy, such as during raids or search operations. Combat dogs are typically assigned to either infantry or special operations units. They are used for a variety of tasks including area security, sentry duty, trackers, and explosive detection. In addition to their combat roles, combat dogs also play an important role in troop morale by providing companionship and emotional support.

Great Dane Reproducibility

Gestation Length
How long does this dog's pregnancy last? How long does this dog pregnant? How long does it take to have puppies?

60-64 days

Reproductive cycle of the female Great Dane: The first period called Proestrus lasts for about 9 days. During this time the females start to attract males. You can notice by swelling vulva and bloody discharge. The second part is the Estrus when the female is receptive for the male. It lasts for about 3 to 11 days. The sign of the proestrus part is the soft and enlarged vulva. The discharge decreases and lightens in color. The third part is the Diestrus. Normally, it occurs around day 14. In this period the female’s discharge changes for vivid red and coming to its end. The vulva returns to average, and she will no longer permit mating. The fourth part called the Anestrus. The time frame between heat periods normally lasts about six months.
Litter Frequency

Once a year.

More frequent breeding is not healthy. It is very important not to buy a dog from a puppy mill, where the needs of the pups and their mothers are ignored. It's an inhumane high-volume dog breeding facility, where puppies born several times a year.
Litter Size
How many puppies can the Great Dane have? What is the average litter size of this fido?
10-15 puppies

Great Dane Recognition

AKC Group
Is Great Dane recognized by the American Kennel Club?
Recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1887 as a Working breed.
FCI Group
Is Great Dane recognized by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI)?
Recognized by FCI in the Pinscher and Schnauzer - Molossoid and Swiss Mountain and Cattledogs group, in the Molossian type section.
Breed Recognition
What kennel clubs and organizations recognize or register the Great Dane breed?
American Canine RegistryAmerican Kennel ClubAmerica's Pet RegistryCanadian Kennel ClubDog Registry of America Inc.Federation Cynologique InternationaleKennel Club of Great BritainNorth American Purebred Registry, Inc.American Canine Association, Inc.Australian National Kennel CouncilContinental Kennel ClubNational Kennel ClubNew Zealand Kennel ClubUnited Kennel ClubCanadian Canine Registry

Great Dane Pros and Cons

Pros
  • Intelligent Rank: Smart: Great Dane's has great intelligence.
  • Health Issues: Great Danes are commonly healthy dogs.
  • Apartment Friendly: Very house-friendly dog the Great Dane breed.
  • Grooming: Effortless: The Great Dane requires minimal grooming.
  • Weight Gain Potential / Prone to Obesity: Low to Average: The Great Dane has a low to the average risk for obesity.
  • Watchdog Ability: Great Danes are one of the best watchdogs.
  • Child Friendly: Great Danes are kid-friendly dogs.
  • Senior Citizens Friendly: Great Danes are usually recommended for elderly people.
  • Good For First Time Owners: Great Danes are good for novice owners, due to their easy-going personality.
  • Therapy Dog: This breed makes a perfect therapy dog.
  • Cart Pulling or Drafting Dog: A drafting dog or draft dog is a dog bred and used for cart pulling.
Cons
  • Hypoallergenic: Great Danes don't do well with allergy sufferers by causing allergic reaction.
  • Drooling Tendency: The Great Dane drools quite a lot, so if you dislike being covered by slobber spots on your clothes, you may want to choose another dog breed.
  • Mouthiness: Great Danes have a higher than average tendency to nip, chew, play-bite, or herd people.
  • Tolerates Being Left Alone: Great Danes do best when a family member is at home during the day or if their workplace is dog-friendly so they can take the dog at work.
  • Office Friendly: Great Dane is not the best dog breed for office environment.

Great Dane History

The Great Dane also called the Deutsche Dogge, is proven to be the tallest dog breed in the world right now. Like many other big-sized dog breeds, initially, the Great Dane was bred to be used as a wild boar hunter. The oldest records about the breed were found in Egyptian artefacts that date back to 3000 B.C.

Documents describing a similarly-looking dog breed were found from a later period, dating back to the 2000s B.C., these were found in the Mesopotamian region, however, there is also evidence suggesting that this type of dog is originating from Tibet, for the reason that Chinese writings from 1121 B.C. attesting for their existence. It is also believed that the Assyrians traded these dogs with the Romans and Greeks, spreading them all over the world during their conquests, trades, and travels. Some archaeologists even found evidence that the Great Dane type of dogs was portrayed in frescoes in Tiryns, in Greece. These wall paintings depicted large dogs during hunting for wild boar, dating back to the 13th – 14th centuries. Most presumably, during this time, the ancestors of the English Mastiff were involved in the breed’s development. Firstly, the Greeks, then the Romans also bred these larger dogs with each other, and this process eventually, reached Great Britain. In England, further breeding took place, where breeders selected the most long-legged, and strongest specimens, and bred them with each other, in order to elongate the breed’s physique, while maintaining a strong body. According to some rumours, during this period, mostly the Irish Greyhound and the Irish Wolfhound played the most important parts of the development process.

During the 16th century, many German nobles started keeping larger and larger dogs in their homes, thus the Great Dane got fairly popular in Germany. Back then in Germany, the breed was called “Chamber Dogs”, for the reason that people began to use the dogs for protecting purposes, keeping the dogs in their bed chambers at night. In most of the homes, these dogs were pampered and wore gilded collars lined with velvet, this largely contributed even further to the breed’s noble appearance. Around the late 16th century, people also used the breed for their original purpose, to hunt wild boar. The dogs’ ears were chopped, in order to prevent the boar tusks from tearing them. Later, the breed’s name was changed to “English Dogges”. The name “Great Dane” appeared in the early 18th century when a French naturalist travelled to Denmark and saw a version of the Boar Hound, a slimmer specimen, more like a Greyhound in appearance. He called the dog “Grand Danois”, which later transformed into the “Great Danish Dog”, and later to Great Dane. This naming can be deceiving, because of the fact that Denmark did not play any role in the breed’s development at all. Later, in 1880, German breeders, and dog show judges held a meeting in Berlin, where they decided to distinguish the Great Dane from all the Mastiff and Hound breeds, and they also founded the Deutscher Doggen-Klub of Germany, honouring the dog. Around this time, towards the end of the 19th century, the breed’s name was not agreed upon internationally. It was a debatable question among states. The Italians called the breed Alano, the Germans called them Deutscher Doggen, whilst the Anglo-Saxon nations knew the breed like the Great Dane. Throughout the 19th century, German breeders continued to refine the breed, with special attention to their behavioural characteristics. Breeders wanted to transform the hunting breed into a family-compatible companion.

The Great Dane Club of America was founded in 1889, the Great Dane was the fourth breed to join and to obtain recognition by the AKC (American Kennel Club). Later, Great Danes got really famous during the 20th century, when Scooby-Doo, a cartoon series for kids came out presenting a lovely, goofy detective dog, who was a brown Great Dane. Nowadays, the Great Danes are still very popular, and they are usually kept as family companions. Due to their huge size, many health-related issues can arise, unfortunately. No matter the size, the breed is a very noble, even-tempered, goofy and courageous dog, who is great with children.

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Great Dane Comments, Reviews and Questions

  • Nia

    Feb 25, 2022, 6:48:53 AM:

  • Burak

    Jan 30, 2020, 10:05:41 AM:

    One of a kind. Once you have a great dane ,you cant stop having more.