Belgian Malinois Information & Dog Breed Facts

Collection of all the general dog breed info about Belgian Malinois so you can get to know the breed more.

Group Pastoral / Herding Dogs
Popularity Rank44
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Belgian Malinois dog profile picture
OriginBelgium flagBelgium
Other Names
What other names does the Belgian Malinois have?
Malinois
Breed Type
What type of dog breed is it?
Purebred

Belgian Malinois Price and Availability

Price
How much does the Belgian Malinois puppy cost? What is the price range of this puppy? What is the average price of this dog in the United States? Is this puppy expensive? How much should I pay for it?
$1200-$1400
If you choose to purchase the Belgian Malinois, you should know that the mentioned amount of money is an average of the collected data from breeders’ sites and puppy finder places. If you have a Belgian Malinois for sale, please advertise it on a reliable website to make sure the Belgian Malinois gets to a happy place.
Availability
How easy is it to get a Belgian Malinois?
Very frequent: The Belgian Malinois is quite easy to get. There is a risk of overbreeding, as it is an extremely popular breed.

Inbreeding is common because of its popularity. A new study suggests that inbreeding contributes to the incidence of disease and health problems.

So be careful, buy from a trustworthy place or kennel and seek the help of an experienced person, a professional, to make the right decision.

Belgian Malinois Size

Size
What size is this breed? How big is this dog?
Large
Weight
How much does the Belgian Malinois weigh? Belgian Malinois weight:
Male: 65-75 pounds (29-34 kg), Female: 60-70 pounds (27-32 kg)
Average Weight
What is the average weight of the Belgian Malinois? Belgian Malinois average weight:
Male: 70 pounds (31.5 kg), Female: 65 pounds (29.5 kg)
Height
How tall is the Belgian Malinois? Belgian Malinois height:
Male: 24-26 inches (61-66 cm), Female: 22-24 inches (56-61 cm)
Average Height
What is the average height of this fido? Belgian Malinois average height:
Male: 25 inches (63.5 cm), Female: 23 inches (58.5 cm)

Belgian Malinois Grooming, Hair and Care

Coat / Hair Types
What type of coat does the Belgian Malinois have? What does this canine coat/fur look like?
Weather-resistantStraight
Colors
What color is the breed's coat? What color is a proper Belgian Malinois's coat?
BrindleCreamFawnBlack
Grooming
How to groom the Belgian Malinois and how often?
Average: The Belgian Malinois requires average grooming effort. Cutting the dog's hair by a professional groomer isn't essential.

Brushing the dog's coat is useful to reduce shedding. Ears and eyes should be cleaned regularly to avoid infections.

Don't skip the seasonal flea treatment too. Dog nail trimming and dog bath can be helpful sometimes.

Check the local pet store for dog grooming supplies and find the best dog shampoo to keep its coat healthy and give your dog a pleasant experience of a dog bath.

If you don't have the time, skill, or money to take care of your Belgian Malinois, search for a dog groomer or clipping service in your area and book an appointment.

Maybe you're lucky to have a dog boarding service that includes grooming or walk-in dog bath places nearby.

Shedding Level
How much do Belgian Malinois dogs shed? How to control, reduce and prevent the shedding of the Malinois?
Belgian Malinoiss shed moderately. It's a natural process of the hair growth cycle. Regular brushing reduces the amount of hair that sheds. It mostly depends on their health status and breed type.
Bath Time / Bathing Frequency
How often does the Belgian Malinois need a bath? How often should bathe this dog? Can I bathe my Belgian Malinois every day?
8-12 weeks
Very rarely. Bathing your dog is beneficial to them in more ways than just one. It’s also a good time to look for unusual scratches, bumps, fleas, and other irregularities. When their hair is wet and flat against their body, these details are more visible. For example, short-haired dog breeds can go a very long time in between baths. These short-haired breeds shed regularly and that shedding works to naturally remove excess dirt and oil. So unless your weenie dog got into the garbage can, you can probably hold off on a bath for a while.

Belgian Malinois Personality / Temperament

Temperament
What kind of personality does the Belgian Malinois have? What characteristics or traits does the breed have?
ActiveAlertConfidentFriendlyHard workingProtectiveStubbornWatchful
Intelligent Rank
How smart is the Belgian Malinois? Are they intelligent?
Very smart: Belgian Malinois is an excellent dog breed. You can teach them many tricks and commands. The limit is your creativity. They understand and memorize new commands in 5-15 repetitions. This breed obeys the first command 85% of the time or better.
Trainability
Are Belgian Malinois dogs easy to train? Do they go well on dog training?
Belgian Malinoiss are very easy to train. They easily find out the association between commands and actions.
Playfulness
How playful is this breed?
The Belgian Malinois is a highly playful breed. Excited barking and sometimes nipping will alert you to play.
Sensitivity Level
How sensitive are they? Belgian Malinois sensitivity:
They are a little bit more sensitive than other dog breeds. Soft punishment affects them emotionally. Belgian Malinoiss don't tolerate irregular daily routine, noisy household, and frequent guest visits really well. They are receptive to their owner's emotions and make wonderful family companions.
Affection Level
How affectionate are they? Are they affectionate?
Slightly Below Average: Belgian Malinoiss may seem unfriendly sometimes due to their independence. Their happiness doesn't depend on their owner's emotional level.
Social Needs
How much social interaction does the Malinois need? Belgian Malinois social needs:
Belgian Malinoiss are a social breed. They enjoy being around people or other animals. This breed doesn't tolerate being left alone.
Barking
Do Belgian Malinois dogs bark a lot? Are they barkers/noisy? Why does my Malinois bark?
Average to High: The Belgian Malinois is a vocal breed. Not the best choice if you prefer a quiet breed. They often bark loudly and howl sometimes. They can change their barks depending on their emotional level and what they're trying to say. Different barks could mean the same and the same barks could have a different meanings. Top reasons for barking: protection, alarm, fear, boredom, attention-seeking, greeting, separation anxiety, compulsive barking.
Watchdog Ability
Is Belgian Malinois good as a watchdog? Are they alert at night?
Belgian Malinoiss are one of the best watchdogs. Their main job is to observe and they're very consistent in their effort. The best vocal cords and sense of hearing belong to them. Usually, they're very territorial and protective about their property, so the Belgian Malinois dogs will alert you if they sense something different.
Guarding Behavior / Territorial
Do Belgian Malinois dogs have an aggressive behavior to protect their home/house/territory? Do they have guarding instincts?
Belgian Malinoiss strongly protect their territory. This breed is a complete security guard, so you don't have to be afraid in case of danger.
Biting Potential
Do Belgian Malinois bite humans? How likely are you to get bitten from the Malinois? What are the odds of getting bitten by a Belgian Malinois? Why do dog bites happen?

Low 🔽

The Belgian Malinois has a low chance of biting somebody. Top reasons for dog bite: protection, pain, excitement, herding instinct, being provoked. (Data based on the available online bite statistics.)
Bite Force
Does the Belgian Malinois has a hard bite?

Between 100 and 200 PSI 🔽

Belgian Malinois bite force: Weak. Dogs that have the weakest bite force below 200 PSI. However, it is important to note that despite the fact that their bite force is considered the “weakest” it can still be very dangerous as all dog bites are. They are usually not aggressive and very friendly towards children and other animals.
Mouthiness
How much mouthing/nipping/play biting does the Belgian Malinois do?
Belgian Malinoiss have an average tendency to nip, chew, play-bite, or herd people. It's a common habit during puppyhood, not aggressive behavior. These "bites" don't hurt, but Belgian Malinoiss need to be taught for a good attitude.
Impulse to Wander or Roam
How likely is the Belgian Malinois to run away? Does this breed explore or wander a lot? Does Belgian Malinois roam?
The wanderlust potential of the Belgian Malinois is strong enough to escape from home. They have a strong desire for exploring the world. Safer to walk them on a leash unless you teach them how to get back to you on command.
Prey Drive
Do this canine have a strong prey drive? Does Belgian Malinois have high prey drive?
Belgian Malinoiss have an average prey drive, which means that they don't have a high impulse to chase and catch something like a cat or any other small aminals, but it might happen. Training can help to achieve good behavior.
Apartment Friendly
Is Belgian Malinois good as an apartment dog? Can they live in a flat?
It is not the best choice if you want to keep them indoors, however, with careful exercise and several walks a day, they will tolerate the indoor environment, so it is possible to keep Belgian Malinois indoors.
Adaptability
Are they adaptable and easy-going?
Belgian Malinoiss adapt very well to lifestyle changes and basically all living environments. They don't mind moving from one place to another with their owner.
Tolerates Being Left Alone
Can you leave this breed home alone?
Belgian Malinoiss do best when a family member is at home during the day or if their workplace is dog-friendly so they can take the dog at work.

Belgian Malinois Good With

Stranger Friendly
Are they aggressive or friendly towards/with strangers? Belgian Malinois temperament with other people:
Belgian Malinoiss are not the most stranger-friendly dogs.
Pet Friendly
Are they pet-friendly dogs? How well do Belgian Malinois dogs get along with other pets? Are Belgian Malinois dogs good with pets? What is this canine temperament with other pets?
Belgian Malinoiss are generally with other pets.
Child Friendly
Are Belgian Malinois dogs kid-friendly? Are they good with young children? Belgian Malinois temperament with children:
Belgian Malinoiss are kid-friendly dogs. This breed is a good choice if you have children.
Cat Friendly
How well do Belgian Malinois dogs get along with cats? Are they good with kittens? What is this fido's temperament with cats? Can they be good with cats?
Belgian Malinoiss are average friendly towards cats.
Dog Friendly
Is Belgian Malinois good with other dogs? Are they dog-friendly dogs? How well do Belgian Malinois dogs get along with other dogs? What is this canine temperament with other dogs?
Belgian Malinoiss are average friendly towards other dogs.
Good For First Time Owners
Is Belgian Malinois breed good for first-time owners? Do they make a good dog for novice owners?
Yes
Belgian Malinoiss are good for novice owners, due to their easy-going personality.
Office Friendly
Are Belgian Malinoiss good office dogs? Do Belgian Malinoiss make good office friendly dogs? Can Belgian Malinoiss be office dogs?
No
Belgian Malinois is not the best dog breed for office environment.
Senior Citizens Friendly
Are they senior citizens friendly dogs? How well do Belgian Malinois dogs get along with the elderly people? What is the Malinois temperament with senior people? Are Belgian Malinois dogs good for elderly owners?
Belgian Malinoiss are usually recommended for elderly people.

Belgian Malinois Health

Health Issues
Is it a healthy or unhealthy breed? Do Belgian Malinois dogs have health problems or genetic diseases?
The Belgian Malinois is a healthy breed, but there are certain health issues that you should check with your vet regularly.
Health Problems
What genetic/health problems does the Belgian Malinois breed have? What are the health issues and concerns of the Belgian Malinois breed? Most common health risks of Belgian Malinois:
Elbow DysplasiaEpilepsyEye ProblemsHip Dysplasia
Veterinarian Visits
How often does the Belgian Malinois breed need to go to the vet? How often should you take your dog to the vet? How often should the Belgian Malinois see the vet?
Average
The Belgian Malinois should have a complete physical check-up at least once per year. If your dog shows any symptoms, call your veterinarian.
Life Expectancy
How long do Belgian Malinois dogs live? What is the average lifespan of this breed? How old can a Belgian Malinois be? What is the age limit of the Belgian Malinois? How many years can the oldest Belgian Malinois live?
12-14 years
The average lifespan of Belgian Malinois: 13 years
Hypoallergenic
Is the Belgian Malinois breed hypoallergenic?
No
Belgian Malinoiss don't do well with allergy sufferers by causing allergic reaction. Some of the dog breeds are even considered to higher the possibility of an allergic response. Coat type isn't necessarily relevant, because most people are allergic to dander (flakes on the dog's skin) or saliva, not actually to dog hair.
Energy Level
How much energy does the Belgian Malinois have? What is the activity level of the Belgian Malinois?
Belgian Malinoiss are high-energy dogs. An active lifestyle makes them happy.
Activity Requirement / Exercise Need
How much activity does this dog need? How much exercise do Belgian Malinois dogs require per day?
Belgian Malinoiss need a lot of exercises. Long walks should be on a daily schedule. If you live an active life, this breed can be a good choice for you.
Sleeping Need
How much sleep does this fido need?
Belgian Malinoiss don't need too much sleep. They are energetic and desire to live an active life. If you think naps are overrated, this breed can be the best choice for you.
Average daily food consumption
How much food does the Belgian Malinois need? How often should I feed my canine? What dog products should I buy?
2 to 3 cups of high-quality dry food a day, divided into two meals.
Weight Gain Potential / Prone to Obesity
How easy to gain weight for this dog? Belgian Malinois risk for obesity:
Low to Average: The Belgian Malinois has a low to the average risk for obesity. To make your dog happy and fit, feed him with quality dry dog food and live an active life together. Try to find the happy medium between exercise and feeding. If you notice any weight change, consult your veterinarian to make a meal plan, and measure the Belgian Malinois's weight regularly.
Weather and Climate
Which weather condition is preferred by this dog? Can they tolerate hot or cold weather and climate?
Tolerates warm and cold weather
Dogs that tolerate hot and cold weather are typically those that have a double coat of fur. Dogs with a double coat of fur have a layer of fur that insulates their skin and helps protect them from the cold and the heat.
Stinkiness
How stinky is this dog? Why does it smell bad and how to get rid of the smell?

Medium

The Belgian Malinois has an average chance of bad smell. Top reasons for dog stinkiness: infection of bad tooth/ear/skin folds, gas attacks.
Drooling Tendency
Does the Belgian Malinois drool?
The Belgian Malinois is a perfect example of a very low drooling tendency. If you're disgusted by slobber spots on your clothes, the Belgian Malinois could be a perfect choice for you. Drooling is the unintentional saliva flowing outside of the mouth. It can be completely normal or a sign of a health problem. Certain dog breeds drool minimum compared to others, just like the Belgian Malinois. If you notice any change in your dog's drooling habit, you should contact a vet as soon as possible.

Belgian Malinois As a Working Dog

Service Dog
Are they good as service dogs? Can Belgian Malinois be a guide dog? Are they used as seeing-eye dogs?

Yes

This breed makes good as a service dog. A service dog is a term used in the USA to refer to any type of assistance dog specifically trained to help people who have disabilities, such as visual impairment, hearing impairments, mental disorders, seizures, mobility impairment, and diabetes. Service dogs are protected under the ADA (Americans with Disabilities Act). Belgian Malinois breed is a good choice for service purposes.
Therapy Dog
Are they good as therapy dogs? Can Belgian Malinois be a therapy dog? Are they good anxiety dogs? Can a Belgian Malinois be an emotional support animal?

Not really

This breed generally not used as a therapy dog. A therapy dog is a dog that might be trained to provide affection, comfort, and love to people in hospitals, retirement homes, nursing homes, schools, hospices, disaster areas, and to people with anxiety disorders or autism. Belgian Malinois is not the best breed for therapeutic purposes.
Detection Dog or Sniffer Dog
Are they good as detection dogs? Can Belgian Malinois be a sniffer dog?

Yes

After proper training, they can excel at this kind of work. A detection dog or sniffer dog is a dog that is trained to use its senses (mostly its smell) to detect substances such as explosives, illegal drugs, wildlife scat, currency, blood, and contraband electronics such as illicit mobile phones. Belgian Malinois breed is a good choice for detection purposes.
Search and Rescue Dog (SAR)
Are they good as SAR dogs? Can Belgian Malinois be a search and rescue dog?

Yes

This breed would make an excellent search and rescue dog. The use of dogs in search and rescue (SAR) is a valuable component in wilderness tracking, natural disasters, mass casualty events, and in locating missing people. The Belgian Malinois breed is a good choice for SAR purposes.
Boat and Sailor Dog
Are they good as boat dogs? Can Belgian Malinois be a boat dog?

Not really

Belgian Malinois breed usually doesn't like being on a boat.

Boat dogs were typically bred for their strength, stamina, and water resistance, as they were often required to perform tasks such as pulling in fishing nets, and jumping into the water to retrieve ropes or lines, or helping to move cargo.

Sailor dog is a type of dog that was bred to accompany sailors on their voyages. They were typically used for three purposes: as a working dog, a watchdog, and as a companion. A boat dog is a term used to describe a type of dog that was traditionally bred and used as a working dog on boats.

Cart Pulling or Drafting Dog
Are they good as cart pulling dogs? Can Belgian Malinois be a drafting dog?

Not really

A drafting dog or draft dog is a dog bred and used for cart pulling. Dogs bred for this work have strong builds and qualities that are needed, strength and determination. Belgian Malinois is not the best breed for drafting purposes.
Fighting Dog / Military Dog
Where Belgian Malinois dogs used as fighting / military dogs in history?

Not really

In history, this breed was not really used for combat dog.

Belgian Malinois Reproducibility

Gestation Length
How long does this dog's pregnancy last? How long does this dog pregnant? How long does it take to have puppies?

60-64 days

Reproductive cycle of the female Belgian Malinois: The first period called Proestrus lasts for about 9 days. During this time the females start to attract males. You can notice by swelling vulva and bloody discharge. The second part is the Estrus when the female is receptive for the male. It lasts for about 3 to 11 days. The sign of the proestrus part is the soft and enlarged vulva. The discharge decreases and lightens in color. The third part is the Diestrus. Normally, it occurs around day 14. In this period the female’s discharge changes for vivid red and coming to its end. The vulva returns to average, and she will no longer permit mating. The fourth part called the Anestrus. The time frame between heat periods normally lasts about six months.
Litter Frequency

Once a year.

More frequent breeding is not healthy. It is very important not to buy a dog from a puppy mill, where the needs of the pups and their mothers are ignored. It's an inhumane high-volume dog breeding facility, where puppies born several times a year.
Litter Size
How many puppies can the Belgian Malinois have? What is the average litter size of this fido?
6-10 puppies

Belgian Malinois Recognition

AKC Group
Is Belgian Malinois recognized by the American Kennel Club?
Recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1959 as a Herding breed.
FCI Group
Is Belgian Malinois recognized by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI)?
Not recognized by FCI.
Breed Recognition
What kennel clubs and organizations recognize or register the Belgian Malinois breed?
American Canine RegistryAmerican Kennel ClubAmerica's Pet RegistryCanadian Kennel ClubDog Registry of America Inc.Federation Cynologique InternationaleKennel Club of Great BritainNorth American Purebred Registry, Inc.American Canine Association, Inc.Australian National Kennel CouncilContinental Kennel ClubNational Kennel ClubNew Zealand Kennel ClubUnited Kennel Club

Belgian Malinois Pros and Cons

Pros
  • Intelligent Rank: Very smart: Belgian Malinois is an excellent dog breed.
  • Trainability: Belgian Malinoiss are very easy to train.
  • Drooling Tendency: The Belgian Malinois is a perfect example of a very low drooling tendency.
  • Weight Gain Potential / Prone to Obesity: Low to Average: The Belgian Malinois has a low to the average risk for obesity.
  • Watchdog Ability: Belgian Malinoiss are one of the best watchdogs.
  • Adaptability: Belgian Malinoiss adapt very well to lifestyle changes and basically all living environments.
  • Child Friendly: Belgian Malinoiss are kid-friendly dogs.
  • Senior Citizens Friendly: Belgian Malinoiss are usually recommended for elderly people.
  • Good For First Time Owners: Belgian Malinoiss are good for novice owners, due to their easy-going personality.
  • Service Dog: This breed makes good as a service dog.
  • Detection Dog or Sniffer Dog: After proper training, they can excel at this kind of work.
  • Search and Rescue Dog (SAR): This breed would make an excellent search and rescue dog.
Cons
  • Hypoallergenic: Belgian Malinoiss don't do well with allergy sufferers by causing allergic reaction.
  • Impulse to Wander or Roam: The wanderlust potential of the Belgian Malinois is strong enough to escape from home.
  • Tolerates Being Left Alone: Belgian Malinoiss do best when a family member is at home during the day or if their workplace is dog-friendly so they can take the dog at work.
  • Office Friendly: Belgian Malinois is not the best dog breed for office environment.

Belgian Malinois History

The Belgian Malinois is one of four Belgian Sheepdog breeds created in the late 1800s in Belgium, that’s where the name derives from.

The Malinois (fawn-mahogany, short coat with black mask), Tervuren (fawn-mahogany, long coat with black mask), Laekenois (fawn, rough coat), and Groenendael (fawn, rough coat) are the four variations (black, long coat). In the United States, the American Kennel Club (AKC) recognizes all four kinds as different breeds, with the exception of the Laekenois.

 

Ancestry of the four variants

The Laekenois, a rough-coated fawn, was named after the Chateau de Laeken, where Queen Marie-Henriette named them her favorite; the Groenendael, a long-haired black, was named after the Chateau de Groenendael, where the two forefathers of the variety, Piccard d'Uccle and a bitch named Petite, lived; and Piccard and Petite was also The legendary Milsart, the first Tervuren champion, was produced by their black son, Duc du Groenendael, who was mated to a fawn bitch, Miss; the last variety was the Malinois, a short-haired fawn with black mask and points.

 

The Name

Breeders opted to give each of the Belgian Shepherd Dog variations their unique names. In 1898, the city of Malines established a club dedicated to the promotion of the fawn shorthaired Belgian Shepherd dog.

The Malines club, along with Louis Huyghebaert, an early breeder under the "ter Heide" kennel name, as well as a judge, author, and the "godfather of the Malinois" (and the Bouvier), had done much to popularize these short-hairs, and the name "Malinois" came to be linked with them.

 

Society Royal St. Hubert

The Belgian Shepherd was classified as a single breed with four variants by the Society Royal St. Hubert in the early 1900s. Societe Royale Saint-Hubert is Belgium's equivalent to the AKC. When World War I broke out in 1914, breeders' efforts and the number of breeding dogs suffered.

Efforts to save the breed from extinction were made. Breeding regulations were linnet, and all puppies of good quality, regardless of color, were acknowledged. All dogs, regardless of coat color or kind, were allowed to breed.

As a result, the litters produced a wide range of puppies. The pups were registered by the Society Royal St. Hubert as the variety they were born with, not the parents' variety. Until now, this has been the preferred method of determining the variety.

 

Changing times, changing roles

Huyghebaert proposed in 1897, a year before the Malines club was founded, that because there were few sheep left in Belgium, shepherd dogs should compete in field trials to demonstrate their intellect, obedience, and devotion. Dressage trials for shepherd dogs were created as a result of this advice, and they examined a dog's ability to leap and execute other exercises.

Belgian Shepherds have also been used as draught dogs and guard dogs. They were the first Belgian police canines to be deployed. International police dog trials were immensely popular in Europe prior to World War II, and Belgian dogs won a number of awards.

When World War I broke out, the military used several Belgian Shepherd Dogs for a variety of roles, including messenger dogs, Red Cross dogs, ambulance cart dogs, and light machine-gun cart dogs, according to some.

Several exceptional Malinois kennels were founded in Belgium throughout the 1920s and 1930s. Malinois and Groenendael were the most popular Belgian Shepherd dog breeds transported to foreign nations during the early decades of the twentieth century. Many were sent to the Netherlands, France, Switzerland, Canada, the United States, Argentina, and Brazil at the time.

Following World War I, many American veterans returned from Europe with Malinois and other Belgian Shepherd Dogs, and AKC registrations skyrocketed. In 1924, the first Belgian Sheepdog Club of America was founded, and it quickly became a member club of the American Kennel Club (AKC). Walter Mucklow, a Jacksonville, Florida lawyer, popularized the Malinois through AKC Gazette articles he authored in 1924 and 1925. For a brief period, he also bred Malinois under the name Castlehead Kennel.

Belgian Malinois dogs have gotten a lot of press in the previous decade for their work in the military, drug detection agencies, search and rescue operations, and police departments around the country. As a result, a large number of Malinois have been imported into the United States in recent years.

Conan, a Belgian Malinois, was injured in a military operation in 2019 that was aimed at Islamic State leader Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi. Conan was hailed as a hero at The White House after making a full recovery from the mission.

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Belgian Malinois Comments, Reviews and Questions

  • luca

    Dec 6, 2021, 3:45:04 AM:

    he is good dog integient at month age

  • Saba

    Mar 1, 2020, 7:15:04 AM: