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Dachshund Information & Dog Breed Facts

Collection of all the general dog breed info about Dachshund so you can get to know the breed more.

Group Hunting Dogs
Popularity Rank13
Reviews5
User Ratings
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Dachshund
OriginGermany
Other Names
What other names does the Dachshund have? The dog breed also known as...
Teckel, Tekkel, Tekkel Doxie, Weenie Dog, Sausage Dog, Bassotto, Worshond
Breed Type
What type of dog breed is it?
Purebred
AKC Group
Is Dachshund recognized by the American Kennel Club?
Recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1885 as a Hound breed.
FCI Group
Is Dachshund recognized by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI)?
Recognized by FCI in the Dachshunds group, in the section.
Breed Recognition
What kennel clubs and organizations recognize or register the Dachshund breed?
American Canine RegistryAmerican Kennel ClubAmerica's Pet RegistryCanadian Kennel ClubDog Registry of America Inc.Federation Cynologique InternationaleKennel Club of Great BritainNorth American Purebred Registry, Inc.American Canine Association, Inc.Australian National Kennel CouncilContinental Kennel ClubNational Kennel ClubNew Zealand Kennel ClubUnited Kennel ClubCanadian Canine Registry
Price
How much does the Dachshund puppy cost? What is the price range of this puppy? What is the average price of this dog in the United States? Is this puppy expensive? How much should I pay for it? Dachshund price:
$500-$700
If you choose to purchase the Dachshund, you should know that the mentioned amount of money is an average of the collected data from breeders’ sites and puppy finder places. If you have a Dachshund for sale, please advertise it on a reliable website to make sure the Dachshund gets to a happy place.

Dachshund History

Dachshund Origin

There are numerous ideas about the Dachshund’s origins, the majority of which have been disproved. Some people believe that there are images looking like Dachshunds found in ancient pharaonic Egypt, which suggest that their ancestors must have lived in this era, but others believe this to be very unlikely. Moreover, there have also been Assyrian reliefs showing Dachshund-like dogs, and dogs described in ancient Greek literature in the same way as the contemporary Dachshund. Furthermore, a zoologist named Brehm believed that the breed may originate from Spain since remains from a small, in-tied dog have been found in Peru, and also in ancient Mexico. The only thing that can be said with certainty is that small dogs with short legs have been bred in various places around the world. The most commonly accepted theory is that the breed was developed in Germany around the late 15th and early 16th centuries, which is considered to be its homeland now. In the early days of their existence, these long-bodied dogs had a very different appearance from the Dachshund we know today. They were looking much more like terriers or basset hounds and were also considerably taller and bigger than a modern sausage dog. Apart from the main official name “Dachshund”, which literally means “badger dog” in Germany, this breed received a few other names throughout history, such as Teckel or Dackel, which is mostly used in Germany.

The true origins of the Dachshund are still shrouded in a bit of a mystery, but according to experts, it is certain that they are descendants from the taller hunting dogs such as hounds, pinschers, and terriers. The Germans bred them by coat variety and of two sizes, miniature, and standard size. The oldest type of Dachshunds, and the most popular till the present day, smooth-haired or short-haired Dachshund, may have been born as a cross between the German Shorthaired Pointer, a Pinscher, and a Brake Bloodhound. Others believe that it may also be across from a miniature French pointer and a Pinscher, as well as across from a short Bruno Jura Hound with a pinscher. On the other hand, the long-haired Dachshund originated through the crossbreeding between the smooth-haired Dachshund and the long-haired German Pointer, as well as through the crossbreeding with any of the small dog breeds in the spaniel group. Moreover, the wire-haired Dachshunds were likely created by crossing the smooth-haired Dachshund with various wire-coated terriers and pinschers.

Purpose of breeding/ the breed’s job

In the 15th-16th century, breeders bred two sizes of the Dachshund in Germany and their main job was hunting animals. The breeders produced the standard Dachshund mainly for tracking and baying larger animals such as badgers, foxes, and raccoons. On the other hand, hunters realized that they needed a smaller dog breed to chase down smaller animals, so they bred the smaller version of the Dachshund. Dachshunds appear to be the cutest canines in the world at first glance, but don't be fooled by their cuteness. When they go on a hunt, they are ferocious fighters. The Dachshund is the best hunting dog above and below ground thanks to 500 years of selective breeding. The breed was mostly employed by hunters to locate and immobilize the game. Most of the time, they follow the prey underground and drag it from the burrow. Dachshunds have a considerable lung capacity for their size, allowing them to stay in the cramped tunnel for an extended period of time. With their very sharp nose, they are also excellent at tracking down the wounded game, irrespective of its size. The smaller variety also had the advantage of being more silent when hunting, and its size also allows it to avoid injuries from surrounding bushes and thorns which larger animals find very difficult to avoid.

Much later in the 20th century, many people also used Dachshunds in dog racing events, even if many kennel clubs opposed it. The tradition originated in Australia and is now mostly held in North America.

Other interesting Dachshund facts

I believe it is important to highlight that Dachshunds were badly discriminated against during the World Wars because of their association with Germany. The Dachshund went from being one of the most popular dog breeds in 1913 to only 12 survivors being left in 1919. Strong anti-German sentiment made owning a Dachshund feel like an act of treason. The breed was renamed as Liberty hounds, but the new name didn’t help. Owners of Dachshunds were attacked on the streets, some dogs were even killed by fierce citizens. For example, in one of the kennel clubs in Chicago, the owner had to shoot all his dogs to avoid acts of aggression from the neighbors. In another incident, during the celebration of renaming Schiller Park into Washington Park, people killed many Dachshunds and threw their bodies into a canal. The governments and the media widely supported these acts of violence at that time, not only in America but also in some European countries as well. In 1913, 217 Dachshunds were registered in Britain, and in 1919 there were none left. This period of time was undoubtedly the saddest in Dachshund’s history. The breed survived WWI and began a recovery just in time to face the same anti-German sentiment in WWII. During the Second World War, the Dachshunds were used in the US, France, and England for depicting different wartime propaganda pieces. However, the violence was of a lesser extent compared to the First World War. To protect them from facing a similar type of violence toward them, they were called badger dogs during the Second World War.

Dachshund Recognition

The American Kennel Club recognized the breed in 1885, in the same year when the Dachshund Club of America was found. Today, there is no doubt that the Dachshunds are one of the most popular dog breeds in the United States. In 2018, the breed came 12th in the most popular dogs in the USA list of AKC.

Photo Gallery of the Dachshund Breed

Dachshund General Appearance & Basic Info

Size
What size is this breed? How big is this dog? Dachshund size:
Small
Weight
How much does the Dachshund weigh? Dachshund weight:
Toy: 8-11 pounds (3.5-5.0 kg)Standard: 16-32 pounds (7-15 kg), Miniature: 12 pounds (5.5 kg)
Avg. Weight
What is the average weight of the Dachshund? Dachshund average weight:
Toy: 9.5 pounds (3.5-5.0 kg)Standard: 24 pounds (11 kg), Miniature: 12 pounds (5.5 kg)
Height
How tall is the Dachshund? Dachshund height:
Toy: 12 inches (30 cm)Standard: 8-11 inches (20-27 cm), Miniature: 5-7 inches (13-18 cm)
Avg. Height
What is the average height of this fido? Dachshund average height:
Toy: 12 inches (30 cm)Standard: 9.5 inches (23.5 cm), Miniature: 6 inches (15.5 cm)

Dachshund Hair & Care

Coat / Hair Types
What type of coat does the Dachshund have? What does this canine coat/fur look like?
Fine
Colors
What color is the breed's coat? What color is a proper Dachshund's coat?
Blue RedWhiteTanBrownSilverBlack
Grooming
How to groom the Dachshund and how often?
Easy to groom: The Dachshund doesn't require a lot of grooming. Seasonal flea treatment is needed, but cutting the dog's hair by a professional groomer isn't necessary. Ears and eyes should be cleaned regularly to avoid infections. Dachshund is a good choice if you don't have the time, skill or money to take care of a high maintenance dog. Recommended for beginners.
Shedding Level
How much do Dachshund dogs shed? How to control, reduce and prevent the shedding of the Teckel? Dachshund shedding level:
Dachshunds shed none to minimal. Having a puppy from this breed you don't have to be afraid of your couch or car covered by dog hair. Dachshund dogs could be the best choice if you don't tolerate dog hair.

Dachshund Characteristics

Temperament
What kind of personality does the Dachshund have? What characteristics or traits does the breed have?
CleverDevotedPlayfulCourageousLivelyStubborn
Intelligent Rank
How smart is the Dachshund? Are they intelligent?
Átlagos: Átlagos intelligenciájú Dachshund. Türelemre van szükség ahhoz, hogy ezt a fajtát bármilyen trükkre és parancsra megtanítsd, ám az erőfeszítés megéri. Megértik és megjegyzik az új parancsokat átlagosan 25–40 ismétlés után.
Trainability
Are Dachshund dogs easy to train? Do they go well on dog training?
Dachshunds are easy to train. They find out the association between commands and actions quite quickly.
Playfulness
How playful is this breed?
Dachshunds, like any other dog breed, like playing. Sometimes they bark as excitement for playing, but they are not the most playful dog breed.
Sensitivity Level
How sensitive are they? Dachshund sensitivity:
They are a little bit more sensitive than other dog breeds. Soft punishment affects them emotionally. Dachshunds don't tolerate irregular daily routine, noisy household and frequent guest visits really well. They are receptive to their owner's emotions and make wonderful family companions.
Affection Level
How affectionate are they? Are they affectionate?
Dachshunds are genuinely loyal, soft and gentle, loving and affectionate dogs toward their handlers. They enjoy quality time with their owners despite the activity and considered as a great therapy dog for those in need. This breed responds strongly to their handler's emotions because they bond closely. Their happiness is your happiness.
Social Needs
How much social interaction does the Teckel need? Dachshund social needs:
Dachshunds are a social breed. They enjoy being around people or other animals. This breed doesn't tolerate being left alone.
Barking
Do Dachshund dogs bark a lot? Are they barkers/noisy? Why does my Tekkel bark?
Nagyon sokat: Dachshund kimondottan hangos fajta. Gyakran élvezik az ugatást és a hangos vonyítást. Ha csendes kutyát szeretnél, nem a legjobb választás. Az ugatás legfontosabb kiváltó okai: félelem, figyelemfelkeltés, riasztás, unalom, üdvözlés, szeparációs szorongás, kényszeres ugatás és védekezés.
Watchdog Ability
Is Dachshund good as a watchdog? Are they alert at night?
Dachshunds are average watchdogs. If they sense something different, they will alert you, but the observation isn't considered as their main job.
Guarding Behavior / Territorial
Do Dachshund dogs have an aggressive behavior to protect their home/house/territory? Do they have guarding instincts?
Dachshunds are average defenders. Some dogs are very protective of their territory, while others easily let a stranger to trespass. This breed is not sure to defend his territory in every situation.
Biting Potential
Do Dachshund bite humans? How likely are you to get bitten from the Teckel? What are the odds of getting bitten by a Dachshund? Why do dog bites happen?
Low
The Dachshund has a low chance of biting somebody. Top reasons for dog bite: protection, pain, excitement, herding instinct, being provoked. (Data based on the available online bite statistics.)
Mouthiness
How much mouthing/nipping/play biting does the Dachshund do?
Dachshunds have a higher than average tendency to nip, chew, play-bite, or herd people. It's a common habit during puppyhood, not aggressive behavior. These "bites" don't hurt, but Dachshunds need to be taught for a good attitude.
Impulse to Wander or Roam
How likely is the Dachshund to run away? Does this breed explore or wander a lot? Does Dachshund roam?
Dachshunds have high wanderlust potential, which means that this breed has a strong desire for exploring the world. Safer to walk them on a leash unless you teach them how to get back to you on command. This breed is also able to cause damage to your fence.
Prey Drive
Do this canine have a strong prey drive? Does Dachshund have high prey drive?
Dachshunds have a high impulse to chase and catch something. Cats or any other small animals are in danger. It's a natural instinct, doesn't necessarily mean that Dachshund dogs are aggressive. Better to keep this breed on a leash.
Apartment Friendly
Is Dachshund good as an apartment dog? Can they live in a flat?
Lakásbarát kutya Dachshund fajta. Legjobb, ha van egy kis kerted, ahová néha kimehet elintézni dolgát, ugyanakkor ez egyáltalán nem fontos. Napi egy-két sétával kellőképpen lemozgathatod, , így komfortosan megoldható Dachshund tartása lakásban.
Adaptability
Are they adaptable and easy-going?
Dachshunds adapt very well to lifestyle changes and basically all living environments. They don't mind moving from one place to another with their owner.
Tolerates Being Left Alone
Can you leave this breed home alone?
Dachshunds do best when a family member is at home during the day or if their workplace is dog-friendly so they can take the dog at work.
Fighting Dog
Where Dachshund dogs used as a fighting dog in the history?
Not really
In history, this breed was not really used for combat dog.

Dachshund Good With

Stranger Friendly
Are they aggressive or friendly towards/with strangers? Dachshund temperament with other people:
Dachshunds are not the most stranger friendly dogs.
Child Friendly
Are Dachshund dogs kid-friendly? Are they good with young children? Dachshund temperament with children:
Dachshunds are not the most kid-friendly dogs. If you have children, you may have to reconsider your choice for having a puppy from this breed.
Cat Friendly
How well do Dachshund dogs get along with cats? Are they good with kittens? What is this fido's temperament with cats? Can they be good with cats?
Dachshunds are average friendly towards cats.
Dog Friendly
Is Dachshund good with other dogs? Are they dog-friendly dogs? How well do Dachshund dogs get along with other dogs? What is this canine temperament with other dogs?
Dachshunds are not the most dog-friendly dogs. If you want more dogs in your family or you'd like to join dog meetups, the Dachshund is not a good choice.
Office Friendly
Are Dachshunds good office dogs? Do Dachshunds make good office friendly dogs? Can Dachshunds be office dogs?
No
Dachshund is not the best dog breed for office environment.
Senior Citizens Friendly
Are they senior citizens friendly dogs? How well do Dachshund dogs get along with the elderly people? What is the Teckel temperament with senior people? Are Dachshund dogs good for elderly owners?
Dachshunds are not the best breed for elderly people.
Pet Friendly
Are they pet-friendly dogs? How well do Dachshund dogs get along with other pets? Are Dachshund dogs good with pets? What is this canine temperament with other pets?
Dachshunds are generally with other pets.
Good For First Time Owners
Is Dachshund breed good for first-time owners? Do they make a good dog for novice owners?
No
Dachshunds are not good for novice owners, due to their stubborn personality.
Service Dog
Are they good as service dogs? Can Dachshund be a guide dog? Are they used as seeing-eye dogs?
Not really
This breed generally not used as a service dog. A service dog is a term used in the USA to refer to any type of assistance dog specifically trained to help people who have disabilities, such as visual impairment, hearing impairments, mental disorders, seizures, mobility impairment, and diabetes. Service dogs are protected under the ADA (Americans with Disabilities Act). Dachshund is not the best breed for service purposes.
Therapy Dog
Are they good as therapy dogs? Can Dachshund be a therapy dog? Are they good anxiety dogs? Can a Dachshund be an emotional support animal?
Yes
This breed makes a perfect therapy dog. A therapy dog is a dog that might be trained to provide affection, comfort, and love to people in hospitals, retirement homes, nursing homes, schools, hospices, disaster areas, and to people with anxiety disorders or autism. Dachshund breed is a good choice for therapeutic purposes.
Detection Dog or Sniffer Dog
Are they good as detection dogs? Can Dachshund be a sniffer dog?
Yes
A detection dog or sniffer dog is a dog that is trained to use its senses (mostly its smell) to detect substances such as explosives, illegal drugs, wildlife scat, currency, blood, and contraband electronics such as illicit mobile phones. Dachshund breed is a good choice for detection purposes.
Search and Rescue Dog (SAR)
Are they good as SAR dogs? Can Dachshund be a search and rescue dog?
Not really
The use of dogs in search and rescue (SAR) is a valuable component in wilderness tracking, natural disasters, mass casualty events, and in locating missing people. The Dachshund is not the best breed for SAR purposes.
Boat Dog
Are they good as boat dogs? Can Dachshund be a boat dog?
Not really
Dachshund breed usually doesn't like being on a boat.
Cart Pulling or Drafting Dog
Are they good as cart pulling dogs? Can Dachshund be a drafting dog?
Not really
A drafting dog or draft dog is a dog bred and used for cart pulling. Dogs bred for this work have strong builds and qualities that are needed, strength and determination. Dachshund is not the best breed for drafting purposes.

Dachshund Health Factors

Health Issues
Is it a healthy or unhealthy breed? Do Dachshund dogs have health problems or genetic diseases?
The Dachshund is a healthy breed, but there are certain health issues that you should check with your vet regularly.
Health Problems
What genetic/health problems does the Dachshund breed have? What are the health issues and concerns of the Dachshund breed? Most common health risks of Dachshund:
Acanthosis NigricansBaldnessBloatCancerCanine Diabetes MellitusCushing's SyndromeDeafnessDemodectic MangeElbow DysplasiaEpilepsyIntervertebral Disk DiseaseLegg-perthes DiseaseLymphocytic ThyroiditisMitral Valve DiseaseNarcolepsyProgressive retinal atrophy (PRA)
Life Expectancy
How long do Dachshund dogs live? What is the average lifespan of this breed? How old can a Dachshund be?
12-15 years
Hypoallergenic
Is the Dachshund breed hypoallergenic?
No
Dachshunds don't do well with allergy sufferers by causing allergic reaction. Some of the dog breeds are even considered to higher the possibility of an allergic response. Coat type isn't necessarily relevant, because most people are allergic to dander (flakes on the dog's skin) or saliva, not actually to dog hair.
Energy Level
How much energy does the Dachshund have? What is the activity level of the Dachshund?
Dachshunds have an average energy level, so if you live a semi-active life, this breed can be a good choice for you.
Activity Requirement / Exercise Need
How much activity does this dog need? How much exercise do Dachshund dogs require per day?
Dachshunds have an average exercise need. This breed is satisfied with short walks every weekday and a long one on weekends.
Sleeping Need
How much sleep does this fido need?
Dachshunds sleep 12-14 hours a day as an average dog and they're not considered as a lazy breed.
Avg. daily food consumption
How much food does the Dachshund need? How often should I feed my canine? What dog products should I buy?
1 to 1.5 cups of high-quality dry food a day, divided into two meals.
Weight Gain Potential / Prone to Obesity
How easy to gain weight for this dog? Dachshund risk for obesity:
High: The Dachshund breed has a strong tendency to overweight. Try to find the happy medium between exercise and feeding. If you want to keep balance, increase the amount and frequency of your daily dog walk and play with the Dachshund more often. If you notice any weight gain, consult your veterinarian and make a diet plan. Reduce unhealthy food and snacks, and measure the Dachshund's weight regularly.
Weather & Climate
Which weather condition is preferred by this dog? Can they tolerate hot and cold weather & climate?
Prefers warm weather
Stinkiness
How stinky is this dog? Why does it smell bad and how to get rid of the smell?
Low
The Dachshund has a low chance of bad smell. Top reasons for dog stinkiness: infection of bad tooth/ear/skin folds, gas attacks.
Drooling tendency
Does the Dachshund drool?
The Dachshund is a perfect example for very low drooling tendency. If you're disgusted by slobber spots on your clothes, the Dachshund could be a perfect choice for you. Drooling is the unintentional saliva flowing outside of the mouth. It can be completely normal or a sign of a health problem. Certain dog breeds drool minimal compared to others, just like the Dachshund. If you notice any change in your dog's drooling habit, you should contact a vet as soon as possible.

Dachshund Reproducibility

Gestation Length
How long does this dog's pregnancy last? How long does this dog pregnant? How long does it take to have puppies?
60-64 days
Reproductive cycle of the female Dachshund: The first period called Proestrus lasts for about 9 days. During this time the females start to attract males. You can notice by swelling vulva and bloody discharge. The second part is the Estrus when the female is receptive for the male. It lasts for about 3 to 11 days. The sign of the proestrus part is the soft and enlarged vulva. The discharge decreases and lightens in color. The third part is the Diestrus. Normally, it occurs around day 14. In this period the female’s discharge changes for vivid red and coming to its end. The vulva returns to average, and she will no longer permit mating. The fourth part called the Anestrus. The time frame between heat periods normally lasts about six months.
How often can the Dachshund have a litter? Once a year.
More frequent breeding is not healthy. It is very important not to buy a dog from a puppy mill, where the needs of the pups and their mothers are ignored. It's an inhumane high-volume dog breeding facility, where puppies born several times a year.
Litter Size
How many puppies can the Dachshund have? What is the average litter size of this fido?
4-8 puppies

Dachshund Pros & Cons

Pros
  • Trainability: Dachshunds are easy to train.
  • Apartment Friendly: Lakásbarát kutya Dachshund fajta.
  • Grooming: Easy to groom: The Dachshund doesn't require a lot of grooming.
  • Shedding Level: Dachshunds shed none to minimal.
  • Drooling tendency: The Dachshund is a perfect example for very low drooling tendency.
  • Stinkiness: The Dachshund has a low chance of bad smell.
  • Adaptability: Dachshunds adapt very well to lifestyle changes and basically all living environments.
  • Therapy Dog: This breed makes a perfect therapy dog.
  • Detection Dog or Sniffer Dog: A detection dog or sniffer dog is a dog that is trained to use its senses (mostly its smell) to detect substances such as explosives, illegal drugs, wildlife scat, currency, blood, and contraband electronics such as illicit mobile phones.
Cons
  • Hypoallergenic: Dachshunds don't do well with allergy sufferers by causing allergic reaction.
  • Weight Gain Potential / Prone to Obesity: High: The Dachshund breed has a strong tendency to overweight.
  • Mouthiness: Dachshunds have a higher than average tendency to nip, chew, play-bite, or herd people.
  • Impulse to Wander or Roam: Dachshunds have high wanderlust potential, which means that this breed has a strong desire for exploring the world.
  • Tolerates Being Left Alone: Dachshunds do best when a family member is at home during the day or if their workplace is dog-friendly so they can take the dog at work.
  • Child Friendly: Dachshunds are not the most kid-friendly dogs.
  • Dog Friendly: Dachshunds are not the most dog-friendly dogs.
  • Office Friendly: Dachshund is not the best dog breed for office environment.
  • Senior Citizens Friendly: Dachshunds are not the best breed for elderly people.
  • Good For First Time Owners: Dachshunds are not good for novice owners, due to their stubborn personality.

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Dachshund Comments, Reviews & Questions

  • Someone #2

    Dec 7, 2020, 12:45:02 AM:

  • Someone

    Nov 23, 2020, 7:24:24 PM:

    This dog breed is kind and loyal. They are 2 sizes, standard and miniature. They both are adorable, loving, loyal, and smart.

  • Peeweedox

    Dec 17, 2019, 8:03:35 AM:

    Dachshunds are one of the most loving and loyal dogs. I have a standard one and he is 17.5 years old - still active but slow.