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Koolie Information & Dog Breed Facts

Collection of all the general dog breed info about Koolie so you can get to know the breed more.

Group Pastoral / Herding Dogs
Popularity Rank329
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Other Names
What other names does the Koolie have? The dog breed also known as...
Australian Koolie, German Koolie, German Coolie
Breed Type
What type of dog breed is it?
AKC Group
Is Koolie recognized by the American Kennel Club?
Not recognized by the American Kennel Club.
FCI Group
Is Koolie recognized by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI)?
Not recognized by FCI.
Breed Recognition
What kennel clubs and organizations recognize or register the Koolie breed?
America's Pet RegistryAustralian National Kennel CouncilDog Registry of America Inc.
How much does the Koolie puppy cost? What is the price range of this puppy? What is the average price of this dog in the United States? Is this puppy expensive? How much should I pay for it? Koolie price:
If you choose to purchase the Koolie, you should know that the mentioned amount of money is an average of the collected data from breeders’ sites and puppy finder places. If you have a Koolie for sale, please advertise it on a reliable website to make sure the Koolie gets to a happy place.

Koolie History

The Koolie is an ancient breed that traces its origins back to the days of the Roman Empire. There are written accounts of these dogs being brought home by soldiers who had traveled to Turkey and Greece, where they were used for herding sheep. This was a big change from their original purpose as guard dogs for shepherds in Australia, where they were originally found.

The Koolie was brought to Australia in the 1800s by Scottish and English settlers. They were used to herd cattle and sheep, as well as protect them from predators. The breed was eventually recognized by the Australian National Kennel Council in 1966. Today, they are still used for herding livestock but have also become popular pets.

The Koolie is a medium-sized dog that has an athletic body. They are known for being strong, yet agile dogs with well-developed muscles and sturdy legs. Their coats can be either short or long-haired, but both have thick undercoats to protect them from the harsh Australian climate.

Koolies are intelligent, loyal, and loving dogs that make wonderful family pets when socialized from a young age. They can get along well with children if raised around them but should be supervised to protect smaller members of the household such as cats or rodents (for hunting purposes). This breed is also good for first-time dog owners as they are relatively easy to train and don't require a lot of exercises.

If you're looking for a versatile, family-friendly pet that is great with kids and other animals, the Koolie may be the perfect breed for you! For more information on this ancient Australian herding dog, visit your local animal shelter or speak to one of our expert trainers at any of our Koolie Dog Breed locations.

We hope this blog post on the history and origin of the Koolie has been helpful! Please feel free to share it with your friends by clicking the social media buttons below. Thanks for reading!

Koolie General Appearance & Basic Info

What size is this breed? How big is this dog? Koolie size:
How much does the Koolie weigh? Koolie weight:
33-53 pounds (15-24 kg)
Avg. Weight
What is the average weight of the Koolie? Koolie average weight:
43 pounds (19.5 kg)
How tall is the Koolie? Koolie height:
13-23 inches (34-60 cm)
Avg. Height
What is the average height of this fido? Koolie average height:
18 inches (47 cm)

Koolie Hair & Care

Coat / Hair Types
What type of coat does the Koolie have? What does this canine coat/fur look like?
What color is the breed's coat? What color is a proper Koolie's coat?
ChocolateBlue MerleTricolorRedBlack
How to groom the Koolie and how often?
Easy to groom: The Koolie doesn't require a lot of grooming. Seasonal flea treatment is needed, but cutting the dog's hair by a professional groomer isn't necessary. Ears and eyes should be cleaned regularly to avoid infections. Koolie is a good choice if you don't have the time, skill or money to take care of a high maintenance dog. Recommended for beginners.
Shedding Level
How much do Koolie dogs shed? How to control, reduce and prevent the shedding of the Australian Koolie? Koolie shedding level:
Koolies shed moderately. It's a natural process of the hair growth cycle. Regular brushing reduces the amount of hair that sheds. It mostly depends on their health status and breed type.
Bath Time / Bathing Frequency
How often does the Koolie need a bath? How often should bathe this dog? Can I bathe my Koolie every day?
3-4 weeks
More often than average. These dog coats tend to be longer, softer, oilier than short-haired breeds. While a good bath every now and then is a great way to keep your buddy from becoming overly smelly, be mindful about overbathing. Bathing will wash away your dog’s natural oils, while a simple brushing every few days should keep them clean.

Koolie Characteristics

What kind of personality does the Koolie have? What characteristics or traits does the breed have?
Intelligent Rank
How smart is the Koolie? Are they intelligent?
Átlagos: Átlagos intelligenciájú Koolie. Türelemre van szükség ahhoz, hogy ezt a fajtát bármilyen trükkre és parancsra megtanítsd, ám az erőfeszítés megéri. Megértik és megjegyzik az új parancsokat átlagosan 25–40 ismétlés után.
Are Koolie dogs easy to train? Do they go well on dog training?
Koolies are quite easy to train. Sometimes they can be challenging, but if you're consistent in teaching new commands they will obey for sure.
How playful is this breed?
Koolies, like any other dog breed, like playing. Sometimes they bark as excitement for playing, but they are not the most playful dog breed.
Sensitivity Level
How sensitive are they? Koolie sensitivity:
Koolies don't like an irregular daily routine, noisy household and frequent guest visits. This breed emotional level reflects their owner's feelings and they don't handle punishments well.
Affection Level
How affectionate are they? Are they affectionate?
Koolies are genuinely loyal, soft and gentle, loving and affectionate dogs toward their handlers. They enjoy quality time with their owners despite the activity and considered as a great therapy dog for those in need. This breed responds strongly to their handler's emotions because they bond closely. Their happiness is your happiness.
Social Needs
How much social interaction does the Australian Koolie need? Koolie social needs:
Koolies are a social breed. They enjoy being around people or other animals. This breed doesn't tolerate being left alone.
Do Koolie dogs bark a lot? Are they barkers/noisy? Why does my German Koolie bark?
Average: The Koolie barks occasionally. They can change their barks depending on their emotional level and what they're trying to say. Different barks could mean the same and same barks could have a different meaning. Top reasons for barking: protection, alarm, fear, boredom, attention seeking, greeting, separation anxiety, compulsive barking.
Watchdog Ability
Is Koolie good as a watchdog? Are they alert at night?
Koolies are good watchdogs. Their main job is to observe and they're consistent in their effort. Good vocal cords and sense of hearing belong to them. Usually, they're territorial and protective about their property, so the Koolies will alert you if they sense something different.
Guarding Behavior / Territorial
Do Koolie dogs have an aggressive behavior to protect their home/house/territory? Do they have guarding instincts?
Koolies are extremely protective guard dogs. This breed doesn't hesitate to protect their territory so the Koolie can be a good choice if you want an excellent guard dog. Keep calm and the Koolie will take care of unwanted people or animals.
Biting Potential
Do Koolie bite humans? How likely are you to get bitten from the Australian Koolie? What are the odds of getting bitten by a Koolie? Why do dog bites happen?
The Koolie has a low chance of biting somebody. Top reasons for dog bite: protection, pain, excitement, herding instinct, being provoked. (Data based on the available online bite statistics.)
Bite Force
Does the Koolie has a hard bite?
Between 200 and 400 PSI
Ordinary: Average dogs have bite force between 200 and 400 PSI. The Koolie, and many others, have a fearsome presence because they have significant jaw strength, so it is important not to anger the dog and have it around strangers until it is fully trained. However, they are usually quite calm and good companions, they work well in families and are easy to care for.
How much mouthing/nipping/play biting does the Koolie do?
Koolies have an average tendency to nip, chew, play-bite, or herd people. It's a common habit during puppyhood, not aggressive behavior. These "bites" don't hurt, but Koolies need to be taught for a good attitude.
Impulse to Wander or Roam
How likely is the Koolie to run away? Does this breed explore or wander a lot? Does Koolie roam?
Koolies have average wanderlust potential. Sometimes they like to explore the world and they might escape once or twice, but usually, they prefer staying safely at home. Safer to teach them how to get back to you on command.
Prey Drive
Do this canine have a strong prey drive? Does Koolie have high prey drive?
Koolies have an average prey drive, which means that they don't have a high impulse to chase and catch something like a cat or any other small aminals, but it might happen. Training can help to achieve good behavior.
Apartment Friendly
Is Koolie good as an apartment dog? Can they live in a flat?
Nem a legjobb választás Koolie, ha lakásban szeretnéd tartani, ugyanakkor alapos lemozgatással, napi többszöri sétával tolerálják a benti körülményeket is, így megoldható Koolie tartása lakásban.
Are they adaptable and easy-going?
Koolies adapt well to lifestyle changes and different living environments. They don't mind moving from one place to another with their owner.
Tolerates Being Left Alone
Can you leave this breed home alone?
Koolies do best when a family member is at home during the day or if their workplace is dog-friendly so they can take the dog at work.
Fighting Dog
Where Koolie dogs used as a fighting dog in the history?
Not really
In history, this breed was not really used for combat dog.

Koolie Good With

Stranger Friendly
Are they aggressive or friendly towards/with strangers? Koolie temperament with other people:
Koolies are not the most stranger friendly dogs.
Child Friendly
Are Koolie dogs kid-friendly? Are they good with young children? Koolie temperament with children:
Koolies are kid-friendly dogs. This breed is a good choice if you have children.
Cat Friendly
How well do Koolie dogs get along with cats? Are they good with kittens? What is this fido's temperament with cats? Can they be good with cats?
Koolies are average friendly towards cats.
Dog Friendly
Is Koolie good with other dogs? Are they dog-friendly dogs? How well do Koolie dogs get along with other dogs? What is this canine temperament with other dogs?
Koolies are average friendly towards other dogs.
Good For First Time Owners
Is Koolie breed good for first-time owners? Do they make a good dog for novice owners?
Koolies are not good for novice owners, due to their stubborn personality.
Service Dog
Are they good as service dogs? Can Koolie be a guide dog? Are they used as seeing-eye dogs?
Not really
This breed generally not used as a service dog. A service dog is a term used in the USA to refer to any type of assistance dog specifically trained to help people who have disabilities, such as visual impairment, hearing impairments, mental disorders, seizures, mobility impairment, and diabetes. Service dogs are protected under the ADA (Americans with Disabilities Act). Koolie is not the best breed for service purposes.
Therapy Dog
Are they good as therapy dogs? Can Koolie be a therapy dog? Are they good anxiety dogs? Can a Koolie be an emotional support animal?
Not really
This breed generally not used as a therapy dog. A therapy dog is a dog that might be trained to provide affection, comfort, and love to people in hospitals, retirement homes, nursing homes, schools, hospices, disaster areas, and to people with anxiety disorders or autism. Koolie is not the best breed for therapeutic purposes.
Detection Dog or Sniffer Dog
Are they good as detection dogs? Can Koolie be a sniffer dog?
Not really
A detection dog or sniffer dog is a dog that is trained to use its senses (mostly its smell) to detect substances such as explosives, illegal drugs, wildlife scat, currency, blood, and contraband electronics such as illicit mobile phones. Koolie is not the best breed for detection purposes.
Office Friendly
Are Koolies good office dogs? Do Koolies make good office friendly dogs? Can Koolies be office dogs?
Koolie is not the best dog breed for office environment.
Search and Rescue Dog (SAR)
Are they good as SAR dogs? Can Koolie be a search and rescue dog?
Not really
The use of dogs in search and rescue (SAR) is a valuable component in wilderness tracking, natural disasters, mass casualty events, and in locating missing people. The Koolie is not the best breed for SAR purposes.
Senior Citizens Friendly
Are they senior citizens friendly dogs? How well do Koolie dogs get along with the elderly people? What is the Australian Koolie temperament with senior people? Are Koolie dogs good for elderly owners?
Koolies are usually recommended for elderly people.
Boat Dog
Are they good as boat dogs? Can Koolie be a boat dog?
Not really
Koolie breed usually doesn't like being on a boat.
Pet Friendly
Are they pet-friendly dogs? How well do Koolie dogs get along with other pets? Are Koolie dogs good with pets? What is this canine temperament with other pets?
Koolies are generally with other pets.
Cart Pulling or Drafting Dog
Are they good as cart pulling dogs? Can Koolie be a drafting dog?
Not really
A drafting dog or draft dog is a dog bred and used for cart pulling. Dogs bred for this work have strong builds and qualities that are needed, strength and determination. Koolie is not the best breed for drafting purposes.

Koolie Health Factors

Health Issues
Is it a healthy or unhealthy breed? Do Koolie dogs have health problems or genetic diseases?
The Koolie is a healthy breed, but there are certain health issues that you should check with your vet regularly.
Health Problems
What genetic/health problems does the Koolie breed have? What are the health issues and concerns of the Koolie breed? Most common health risks of Koolie:
Veterinarian Visits
How often does the Koolie breed need to go to the vet? How often should you take your dog to the vet? How often should the Koolie see the vet?
The Koolie should have a complete physical check-up at least once per year. If your dog shows any symptoms, call your veterinarian.
Life Expectancy
How long do Koolie dogs live? What is the average lifespan of this breed? How old can a Koolie be? What is the age limit of the Koolie? How many years can the oldest Koolie live?
16-18 years
Is the Koolie breed hypoallergenic?
Koolies don't do well with allergy sufferers by causing allergic reaction. Some of the dog breeds are even considered to higher the possibility of an allergic response. Coat type isn't necessarily relevant, because most people are allergic to dander (flakes on the dog's skin) or saliva, not actually to dog hair.
Energy Level
How much energy does the Koolie have? What is the activity level of the Koolie?
Koolies have a higher energy level than other dog breeds. If you want a dog for snuggling on the couch, this breed isn't the perfect choice for you.
Activity Requirement / Exercise Need
How much activity does this dog need? How much exercise do Koolie dogs require per day?
Koolies need quite a lot of exercise. Daily walks should be on schedule. If you live an active life, this breed can be a good choice for you.
Sleeping Need
How much sleep does this fido need?
Koolies are quite energetic dogs and they don't spend to much time with sleeping. If you live an active life, this breed can be a good choice for you.
Avg. daily food consumption
How much food does the Koolie need? How often should I feed my canine? What dog products should I buy?
1.5 to 2.5 cups of high-quality dry food a day, divided into two meals.
Weight Gain Potential / Prone to Obesity
How easy to gain weight for this dog? Koolie risk for obesity:
Average. The Koolie has an average risk for obesity. Daily walks should be on schedule. To make your dog happy and fit, feed him with quality dry dog food and live an active life together. Try to find the happy medium between exercise and feeding. If you notice any weight gain, consult your veterinarian and make a diet plan. Reduce unhealthy food and snacks, and measure the Koolie's weight regularly.
Weather & Climate
Which weather condition is preferred by this dog? Can they tolerate hot and cold weather & climate?
Prefers warm weather
How stinky is this dog? Why does it smell bad and how to get rid of the smell?
The Koolie has an average chance of bad smell. Top reasons for dog stinkiness: infection of bad tooth/ear/skin folds, gas attacks.
Drooling tendency
Does the Koolie drool?
The Koolie is a perfect example for low drooling tendency. If you dislike being covered by slobber spots on your clothes, the Koolie could be a good choice for you. Drooling is the unintentional saliva flowing outside of the mouth. It can be completely normal or a sign of a health problem. Certain dog breeds drool less than others, just like the Koolie. If you notice any change in your dog's drooling habit, you should contact a vet as soon as possible.

Koolie Reproducibility

Gestation Length
How long does this dog's pregnancy last? How long does this dog pregnant? How long does it take to have puppies?
60-64 days
Reproductive cycle of the female Koolie: The first period called Proestrus lasts for about 9 days. During this time the females start to attract males. You can notice by swelling vulva and bloody discharge. The second part is the Estrus when the female is receptive for the male. It lasts for about 3 to 11 days. The sign of the proestrus part is the soft and enlarged vulva. The discharge decreases and lightens in color. The third part is the Diestrus. Normally, it occurs around day 14. In this period the female’s discharge changes for vivid red and coming to its end. The vulva returns to average, and she will no longer permit mating. The fourth part called the Anestrus. The time frame between heat periods normally lasts about six months.
Litter Frequency Once a year.
More frequent breeding is not healthy. It is very important not to buy a dog from a puppy mill, where the needs of the pups and their mothers are ignored. It's an inhumane high-volume dog breeding facility, where puppies born several times a year.
Litter Size
How many puppies can the Koolie have? What is the average litter size of this fido?
4-6 puppies

Koolie Pros & Cons

  • Grooming: Easy to groom: The Koolie doesn't require a lot of grooming.
  • Drooling tendency: The Koolie is a perfect example for low drooling tendency.
  • Watchdog Ability: Koolies are good watchdogs.
  • Adaptability: Koolies adapt well to lifestyle changes and different living environments.
  • Child Friendly: Koolies are kid-friendly dogs.
  • Senior Citizens Friendly: Koolies are usually recommended for elderly people.
  • Hypoallergenic: Koolies don't do well with allergy sufferers by causing allergic reaction.
  • Tolerates Being Left Alone: Koolies do best when a family member is at home during the day or if their workplace is dog-friendly so they can take the dog at work.
  • Office Friendly: Koolie is not the best dog breed for office environment.
  • Good For First Time Owners: Koolies are not good for novice owners, due to their stubborn personality.

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