Old German Shepherd Dog Information & Dog Breed Facts

Collection of all the general dog breed info about Old German Shepherd Dog so you can get to know the breed more.

Group Pastoral / Herding Dogs
Popularity Rank282
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Old German Shepherd Dog dog profile picture
OriginGermany flagGermany
Other Names
What other names does the Old German Shepherd Dog have?
Deutscher SchäferhundLangstockhaariger
Breed Type
What type of dog breed is it?
Purebred

Old German Shepherd Dog Price and Availability

Price
How much does the Old German Shepherd Dog puppy cost? What is the price range of this puppy? What is the average price of this dog in the United States? How much money is {name_prefix}?
Unknown
Unfortunately, we couldn't find the price of the Old German Shepherd Dog. If you have a Old German Shepherd Dog for sale, please advertise it on a reliable website to make sure the Old German Shepherd Dog gets to a happy place.
Availability
How easy is it to get a Old German Shepherd Dog? How many Old German Shepherd Dog are there in the world?
Average: The Old German Shepherd Dog is a commonly available dog breed. There is less risk of overbreeding compared to the very popular dogs.

Of course, they may be more popular in some countries, and inbreeding may occur, so be careful.

Old German Shepherd Dog Size

Size
Is {name_prefix} small, medium or large dog?

How big do Old German Shepherd Dog get?

Large
Weight
How much does the Old German Shepherd Dog weigh? How much should the Old German Shepherd Dog breed weight?
Male: 49-88 pounds (22-40 kg) Female: 44-83 pounds (20-37 kg)
Average Weight
What is the average weight of {name_prefix}?
Male: 68.5 pounds (31 kg), Female: 63.5 pounds (28.5 kg)
Height
How tall is the Old German Shepherd Dog? Old German Shepherd Dog height:
Male: 22-26 inches (56-66 cm), Female: 20-24 inches (51-61 cm)
Average Height
What is the average height of {name_prefix}?
Male: 24 inches (57 cm), Female: 22 inches (56 cm)

Old German Shepherd Dog Grooming, Hair and Care

Coat / Hair Types
What type of coat does the Old German Shepherd Dog have? What does this canine coat/fur look like?
FuzzyShaggySmoothWiry
Colors
What color is the breed's coat? What color is a proper Old German Shepherd Dog's coat?
BlackBrownGreyTan
Grooming
How to groom the Old German Shepherd Dog and how often?
Average: The Old German Shepherd Dog requires average grooming effort. Cutting the dog's hair by a professional groomer isn't essential.

Brushing the dog's coat is useful to reduce shedding. Ears and eyes should be cleaned regularly to avoid infections.

Don't skip the seasonal flea treatment too. Dog nail trimming and dog bath can be helpful sometimes.

Check the local pet store for dog grooming supplies and find the best dog shampoo to keep its coat healthy and give your dog a pleasant experience of a dog bath.

If you don't have the time, skill, or money to take care of your Old German Shepherd Dog, search for a dog groomer or clipping service in your area and book an appointment.

Maybe you're lucky to have a dog boarding service that includes grooming or walk-in dog bath places nearby.

Shedding Level
How much do Old German Shepherd Dog dogs shed? How to control, reduce and prevent the shedding of the Deutscher Schäferhund?
Old German Shepherd Dogs are heavy shedders. It's a natural process of the hair growth cycle. Be prepared for the daily vacuum cleaning. The amount and frequency of hair loss mostly depend on their health status and breed type.
Bath Time / Bathing Frequency
How often does the Old German Shepherd Dog need a bath? How often should bathe this dog? Can I bathe my Old German Shepherd Dog every day?
4-6 weeks
Average. Experts recommended at least every 4-6 weeks for this family pup. According to a study, 56% of pet parents don’t bathe their dogs as frequently as they should, and 60% use the sniff test when deciding when it’s bath time. Bathing your dog is beneficial to them in more ways than just one. It’s also a good time to look for unusual scratches, bumps, fleas, and other irregularities. When their hair is wet and flat against their body, these details are more visible.

Old German Shepherd Dog Personality / Temperament

Temperament
What kind of personality does the Old German Shepherd Dog have? What characteristics or traits does the breed have?
AlertCourageousIntelligentObedientConfidentCuriousLoyalWatchful
Intelligent Rank
How smart is the Old German Shepherd Dog? Is the Old German Shepherd Dog breed dumb or smart?
Outstanding: Old German Shepherd Dog is one of the brightest dog breeds. They desire to learn tricks and commands often. The limit is your creativity. They understand and memorize new commands in fewer than 5 repetitions. This breed obeys the first command 95% of the time or better.

The Old German Shepherd Dog is one of the best breeds in the dog intelligence ranking.

Trainability
Are Old German Shepherd Dog dogs easy to train? Do they go well on dog training?
Old German Shepherd Dogs are easy to train. They find out the association between commands and actions quite quickly.
Playfulness
How playful is this breed?
Average: Old German Shepherd Dogs, like any other dog breed, like playing. Sometimes they bark in excitement for playing, but they are not the most playful dog breed.
Sensitivity Level
How sensitive are they? Old German Shepherd Dog sensitivity:
Sensitive: Old German Shepherd Dogs don't like an irregular daily routine, noisy household, and frequent guest visits. This breed's emotional level reflects their owner's feelings and they don't handle punishments well.
Affection Level
How affectionate are they? Is {name_prefix} a good family dog?
High: Old German Shepherd Dogs are genuinely loyal, soft and gentle, loving and affectionate dogs toward their handlers. They enjoy quality time with their owners despite the activity and are considered great therapy dog for those in need. This breed responds strongly to their handler's emotions because they bond closely. Their happiness is your happiness.
Social Needs
How much social interaction does the Deutscher Schäferhund need? Old German Shepherd Dog social needs:
Old German Shepherd Dogs need for social interaction is average. This breed likes being around people or other animals, but they don't mind being left alone for a few hours either.
Barking
Do Old German Shepherd Dog dogs bark a lot? Are they barkers/noisy? Why does my Deutscher Schäferhund bark?
Low to Average: The Old German Shepherd Dog rarely barks. This breed could be a good choice if you're looking for a quiet breed. They don't bark unless there is a good reason. Top reasons for barking: protection, alarm, fear, boredom, attention-seeking, greeting, separation anxiety, compulsive barking.
Watchdog Ability
Is Old German Shepherd Dog good as a watchdog? Are they alert at night?
Old German Shepherd Dogs are one of the best watchdogs. Their main job is to observe and they're very consistent in their effort. The best vocal cords and sense of hearing belong to them. Usually, they're very territorial and protective about their property, so the Old German Shepherd Dog dogs will alert you if they sense something different.
Guarding Behavior / Territorial
Do Old German Shepherd Dog dogs have an aggressive behavior to protect their home/house/territory? Do they have guarding instincts?
Old German Shepherd Dogs are extremely protective guard dogs. This breed doesn't hesitate to protect its territory so the Old German Shepherd Dog can be a good choice if you want an excellent guard dog. Keep calm and the Old German Shepherd Dog will take care of unwanted people or animals.
Biting Potential
Do Old German Shepherd Dog bite humans? How likely are you to get bitten from the Deutscher Schäferhund? What are the odds of getting bitten by a Old German Shepherd Dog? Why do dog bites happen?

Low 🔽

The Old German Shepherd Dog has a low chance of biting somebody. Top reasons for dog bite: protection, pain, excitement, herding instinct, being provoked. (Data based on the available online bite statistics.)
Bite Force
Does the Old German Shepherd Dog has a hard bite? What is the bite force of {name_prefix}?

Between 200 and 400 PSI

Old German Shepherd Dog bite force: Ordinary. Average dogs have a bite force between 200 and 400 PSI.

The Old German Shepherd Dog, and many others, have a fearsome presence because they have significant jaw strength, so it is important not to anger the dog and have it around strangers until it is fully trained. However, they are usually quite calm and good companions, they work well in families and are easy to care for.

Mouthiness
How much mouthing/nipping/play biting does the Old German Shepherd Dog do?
Old German Shepherd Dogs have a strong tendency to nip, chew, play-bite, or herd people. It's a common habit during puppyhood, not aggressive behavior. These "bites" don't hurt, but Old German Shepherd Dogs need to be taught for a good attitude.
Impulse to Wander or Roam
How likely is the Old German Shepherd Dog to run away? Does this breed explore or wander a lot? Does Old German Shepherd Dog roam?
Old German Shepherd Dogs tend to escape less than other breeds. They have low to average wanderlust potential. Exploring the world is not the best activity they can imagine.
Prey Drive
Do this canine have a strong prey drive? Does Old German Shepherd Dog have high prey drive?
Old German Shepherd Dogs have a higher impulse to chase and catch something than other dog breeds. Cats or any other small animals might be in danger. It's a natural instinct, doesn't necessarily mean that Old German Shepherd Dogs are aggressive. Better to keep this breed on a leash.
Apartment Friendly
Is Old German Shepherd Dog good as an apartment dog? Can they live in a flat?
It is not the best choice if you want to keep them indoors, however, with careful exercise and several walks a day, they will tolerate the indoor environment, so it is possible to keep Old German Shepherd Dog indoors.
Adaptability
Are they adaptable and easy-going?
Old German Shepherd Dogs adapt very well to lifestyle changes and basically all living environments. They don't mind moving from one place to another with their owner.
Tolerates Being Left Alone
How long can you leave the Old German Shepherd Dog alone?
Just like every puppy, they are prone to panic, cry, bark, whine when they left alone by their owner. With proper socialization and quality time with the dog can solve this problem.

Old German Shepherd Dog Good With

Stranger Friendly
Are they aggressive or friendly towards/with strangers? Old German Shepherd Dog temperament with other people:
Old German Shepherd Dogs are stranger-friendly dogs.
Pet Friendly
Are they pet-friendly dogs? How well do Old German Shepherd Dog dogs get along with other pets? Are Old German Shepherd Dog dogs good with pets? What is this canine temperament with other pets?
Old German Shepherd Dogs are generally with other pets.
Child Friendly
Are Old German Shepherd Dog dogs kid-friendly? Are they good with young children? Old German Shepherd Dog temperament with children:
Old German Shepherd Dogs are very kid-friendly dogs. This breed enjoys being surrounded by children.
Cat Friendly
How well do Old German Shepherd Dog dogs get along with cats? Are they good with kittens? What is this fido's temperament with cats? Can they be good with cats? Can the Old German Shepherd Dog breed live with a cat?
Old German Shepherd Dogs are average friendly towards cats.
Dog Friendly
Is Old German Shepherd Dog good with other dogs? Are they dog-friendly dogs? How well do Old German Shepherd Dog dogs get along with other dogs?
Old German Shepherd Dogs are not the most dog-friendly dogs. If you want more dogs in your family or you'd like to join dog meetups, the Old German Shepherd Dog is not a good choice.
Good For First Time Owners
Is Old German Shepherd Dog breed good for first-time owners? Do they make a good dog for novice owners? Is Old German Shepherd Dog breed suitable for first-time owners?
Yes
Old German Shepherd Dogs are good for novice owners, due to their easy-going personality.
Office Friendly
Are Old German Shepherd Dogs good office dogs? Do Old German Shepherd Dogs make good office friendly dogs? Can Old German Shepherd Dogs be office dogs?
No
Old German Shepherd Dog is not the best dog breed for office environment.
Senior Citizens Friendly
Are they senior citizens friendly dogs? How well do Old German Shepherd Dog dogs get along with the elderly people? What is the Deutscher Schäferhund temperament with senior people? Are Old German Shepherd Dog dogs good for elderly owners?
Old German Shepherd Dogs are one of the best breeds for elderly people.

Old German Shepherd Dog Health

Health Issues
Is it a healthy or unhealthy breed? Do Old German Shepherd Dog dogs have health problems or genetic diseases?
The Old German Shepherd Dog is a healthy breed, but there are certain health issues that you should check with your vet regularly.
Veterinarian Visits
How often does the Old German Shepherd Dog breed need to go to the vet? How often should you take your dog to the vet? How often should the Old German Shepherd Dog see the vet?
Average
The Old German Shepherd Dog should have a complete physical check-up at least once per year. If your dog shows any symptoms, call your veterinarian.
Life Expectancy
How long do Old German Shepherd Dog dogs live? What is the average lifespan of this breed? How old can a Old German Shepherd Dog be? What is the age limit of the Old German Shepherd Dog? How many years can the oldest Old German Shepherd Dog live?
11-13 years
The average lifespan of Old German Shepherd Dog: 12 years
Hypoallergenic
Is the Old German Shepherd Dog breed hypoallergenic?
No
Old German Shepherd Dogs don't do well with allergy sufferers by causing allergic reaction. Some of the dog breeds are even considered to higher the possibility of an allergic response. Coat type isn't necessarily relevant, because most people are allergic to dander (flakes on the dog's skin) or saliva, not actually to dog hair.
Energy Level
How much energy does the Old German Shepherd Dog have? What is the activity level of the Old German Shepherd Dog?
Old German Shepherd Dogs are high-energy dogs. An active lifestyle makes them happy.
Activity Requirement / Exercise Need
How much exercise does {name_prefix} need? How much exercise do Old German Shepherd Dog dogs require per day?
Old German Shepherd Dogs need quite a lot of exercise. Daily walks should be on schedule. If you live an active life, this breed can be a good choice for you.
Sleeping Need
How much sleep does the Old German Shepherd Dog breed need?
Old German Shepherd Dogs don't need too much sleep. They are energetic and desire to live an active life. If you think naps are overrated, this breed can be the best choice for you.
Average daily food consumption
How much food does {name_prefix} need? What dog products should I buy? How much food does {name_prefix} breed eat per day? What is good dog food for Old German Shepherd Dog? How much food should I feed my Old German Shepherd Dog?
2.5 to 4 cups of high-quality dry food a day, divided into two meals.
Weight Gain Potential / Prone to Obesity
How easy to gain weight for this dog? Old German Shepherd Dog risk for obesity:
Low to Average: The Old German Shepherd Dog has a low to the average risk for obesity. To make your dog happy and fit, feed him with quality dry dog food and live an active life together. Try to find the happy medium between exercise and feeding. If you notice any weight change, consult your veterinarian to make a meal plan, and measure the Old German Shepherd Dog's weight regularly.
Weather and Climate
Which weather condition is preferred by this dog? Can they tolerate hot or cold weather and climate?
Tolerates warm and cold weather
Dogs that tolerate hot and cold weather are typically those that have a double coat of fur. Dogs with a double coat of fur have a layer of fur that insulates their skin and helps protect them from the cold and the heat.
Stinkiness
How stinky is this dog? Why does it smell bad and how to get rid of the smell?

Medium

The Old German Shepherd Dog has an average chance of bad smell. Top reasons for dog stinkiness: infection of bad tooth/ear/skin folds, gas attacks.
Drooling Tendency
Does the Old German Shepherd Dog drool?
The Old German Shepherd Dog is a perfect example of a very low drooling tendency. If you're disgusted by slobber spots on your clothes, the Old German Shepherd Dog could be a perfect choice for you. Drooling is the unintentional saliva flowing outside of the mouth. It can be completely normal or a sign of a health problem. Certain dog breeds drool minimum compared to others, just like the Old German Shepherd Dog. If you notice any change in your dog's drooling habit, you should contact a vet as soon as possible.

Old German Shepherd Dog As a Working Dog

Service Dog
Are they good as service dogs? Can Old German Shepherd Dog be a guide dog? Are they used as seeing-eye dogs?

Not really

This breed generally not used as a service dog. A service dog is a term used in the USA to refer to any type of assistance dog specifically trained to help people who have disabilities, such as visual impairment, hearing impairments, mental disorders, seizures, mobility impairment, and diabetes. Service dogs are protected under the ADA (Americans with Disabilities Act). Old German Shepherd Dog is not the best breed for service purposes.
Therapy Dog
Are they good as therapy dogs? Can Old German Shepherd Dog be a therapy dog? Are they good anxiety dogs? Can a Old German Shepherd Dog be an emotional support animal?

Yes

This breed makes a perfect therapy dog. A therapy dog is a dog that might be trained to provide affection, comfort, and love to people in hospitals, retirement homes, nursing homes, schools, hospices, disaster areas, and to people with anxiety disorders or autism. Old German Shepherd Dog breed is a good choice for therapeutic purposes.
Detection Dog or Sniffer Dog
Are they good as detection dogs? Can Old German Shepherd Dog be a sniffer dog?

Not really

They are not typically employed for this type of work, but there may be exceptional cases. A detection dog or sniffer dog is a dog that is trained to use its senses (mostly its smell) to detect substances such as explosives, illegal drugs, wildlife scat, currency, blood, and contraband electronics such as illicit mobile phones. Old German Shepherd Dog is not the best breed for detection purposes.
Search and Rescue Dog (SAR)
Are they good as SAR dogs? Can Old German Shepherd Dog be a search and rescue dog?

Not really

This dog breed is not typically used as a search and rescue dog. The use of dogs in search and rescue (SAR) is a valuable component in wilderness tracking, natural disasters, mass casualty events, and locating missing people. The Old German Shepherd Dog is not the best breed for SAR purposes.
Boat and Sailor Dog
Are they good as boat dogs? Can Old German Shepherd Dog be a boat dog?

Not really

Old German Shepherd Dog breed usually doesn't like being on a boat.

Boat dogs were typically bred for their strength, stamina, and water resistance, as they were often required to perform tasks such as pulling in fishing nets, and jumping into the water to retrieve ropes or lines, or helping to move cargo.

Sailor dog is a type of dog that was bred to accompany sailors on their voyages. They were typically used for three purposes: as a working dog, a watchdog, and as a companion. A boat dog is a term used to describe a type of dog that was traditionally bred and used as a working dog on boats.

Cart Pulling or Drafting Dog
Are they good as cart pulling dogs? Can Old German Shepherd Dog be a drafting dog?

Not really

A drafting dog or draft dog is a dog bred and used for cart pulling. Dogs bred for this work have strong builds and qualities that are needed, strength and determination. Old German Shepherd Dog is not the best breed for drafting purposes.
Fighting Dog / Military Dog
Where Old German Shepherd Dog dogs used as fighting / military dogs in history?

Not really

In history, this breed was not really used for combat dog.

Old German Shepherd Dog Reproducibility

Gestation Length
How long is {name_prefix} pregnant?How long does it take to have puppies? How to tell if the Old German Shepherd Dog breed is pregnant?

60-64 days

Reproductive cycle of the female Old German Shepherd Dog: The first period called Proestrus lasts for about 9 days.

During this time the females start to attract males. You can notice by swelling vulva and bloody discharge.

The second part is the Estrus when the female is receptive for the male. It lasts for about 3 to 11 days.

The sign of the proestrus part is the soft and enlarged vulva. The discharge decreases and lightens in color.

The third part is the Diestrus. Normally, it occurs around day 14. In this period the female’s discharge changes for vivid red and coming to its end. The vulva returns to average, and she will no longer permit mating.

The fourth part called the Anestrus. The time frame between heat periods normally lasts about six months.

Litter Frequency

Once a year.

More frequent breeding is not healthy. It is very important not to buy a dog from a puppy mill, where the needs of the pups and their mothers are ignored. It's an inhumane high-volume dog breeding facility, where puppies born several times a year.
Litter Size
How many puppies can the Old German Shepherd Dog have in a litter? How many puppies can the Old German Shepherd Dog breed have for the first time? How many puppies does {name_prefix} have?
6-10 puppies

Old German Shepherd Dog Recognition

AKC Group
Is Old German Shepherd Dog recognized by the American Kennel Club?
Not recognized by the American Kennel Club.
FCI Group
Is Old German Shepherd Dog recognized by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI)?
Not recognized by FCI.

Old German Shepherd Dog Pros and Cons

Pros
  • Intelligent Rank: Outstanding: Old German Shepherd Dog is one of the brightest dog breeds.
  • Trainability: Old German Shepherd Dogs are easy to train.
  • Drooling Tendency: The Old German Shepherd Dog is a perfect example of a very low drooling tendency.
  • Weight Gain Potential / Prone to Obesity: Low to Average: The Old German Shepherd Dog has a low to the average risk for obesity.
  • Watchdog Ability: Old German Shepherd Dogs are one of the best watchdogs.
  • Impulse to Wander or Roam: Old German Shepherd Dogs tend to escape less than other breeds.
  • Adaptability: Old German Shepherd Dogs adapt very well to lifestyle changes and basically all living environments.
  • Child Friendly: Old German Shepherd Dogs are very kid-friendly dogs.
  • Senior Citizens Friendly: Old German Shepherd Dogs are one of the best breeds for elderly people.
  • Good For First Time Owners: Old German Shepherd Dogs are good for novice owners, due to their easy-going personality.
  • Therapy Dog: This breed makes a perfect therapy dog.
Cons
  • Hypoallergenic: Old German Shepherd Dogs don't do well with allergy sufferers by causing allergic reaction.
  • Shedding Level: Old German Shepherd Dogs are heavy shedders.
  • Mouthiness: Old German Shepherd Dogs have a strong tendency to nip, chew, play-bite, or herd people.
  • Dog Friendly: Old German Shepherd Dogs are not the most dog-friendly dogs.
  • Office Friendly: Old German Shepherd Dog is not the best dog breed for office environment.

Old German Shepherd Dog History

The Old German Shepherd Dog is a classification of the German Shepherd breed in its own right therefore, it is not to be confused with an elderly German Shepherd. The breed is the ancestor of the German Shepherds as we know them nowadays. The Old German Shepherd is a breed that never participated in the rigid breeding program that led to the modern-day breed.

The Old German Shepherd Dog has existed on German farms for many hundreds of years where it has diligently worked alongside farmers, their livestock, and flocks. According to the traditions, the breed was popular on rural, German farms where the dogs would move the flocks of sheep around the lands, helping the farmers, and they were also considered to be the protectors of the property as guard dogs. The dogs needed to be fearless and vindicatory of the livestock whenever a predator tried to hunt down the farm animals.

Captain Max Emil Friedrich von Stephanitz, in the late 19th century, formed “The Society for the German Shepherd’. His purpose was to breed and document the dogs, with an aim of creating a superior species. A dog named ‘Hektor Linksrhein’ was the first dog that the Captain took, and he chose him to be the original German Shepherd at the beginning of his breeding program. Without the input of Captain von Stephanitz, these dogs would have been bred purely based on their working abilities and nature, rather than their aesthetic, exterior appearance, or conformation.

Any breed standard is focusing on capability rather than physicality, thus the focus on working competence alone meant that this breed is less predisposed to some of the health conditions that a modern-day German Shepherd would suffer, and the Old German Shepherd’s features were less exaggerated. Generally, the Old German Shepherd, most closely resembles the modern long-haired German Shepherds, to an extent, to which some breeders even consider long-haired German Shepherds as the Old German Shepherds, albeit this is an entirely false classification.

The authenticity of the Old German Shepherd Dog is an often heavily debated controversial topic. Currently, there are some breed fanatics who are working unstoppably to have the breed more widely recognized and accepted.

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