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Pug Information & Dog Breed Facts

Collection of all the general dog breed info about Pug so you can get to know the breed more.

Group Companion Dogs
Popularity Rank31
User Ratings
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Other Names
What other names does the Pug have? The dog breed also known as...
Mops, Carlin, Chinese Pug, Dutch Bulldog, Dutch Mastiff, Mini Mastiff
Breed Type
What type of dog breed is it?
AKC Group
Is Pug recognized by the American Kennel Club?
Recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1885 as a Toy breed.
FCI Group
Is Pug recognized by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI)?
Recognized by FCI in the Companion and Toy Dogs group, in the Small Molossian type Dogs section.
Breed Recognition
What kennel clubs and organizations recognize or register the Pug breed?
American Canine RegistryAmerican Kennel ClubAmerica's Pet RegistryCanadian Kennel ClubDog Registry of America Inc.Federation Cynologique InternationaleKennel Club of Great BritainNorth American Purebred Registry, Inc.American Canine Association, Inc.Australian National Kennel CouncilContinental Kennel ClubNational Kennel ClubNew Zealand Kennel ClubUnited Kennel Club
How much does the Pug puppy cost? What is the price range of this puppy? What is the average price of this dog in the United States? Is this puppy expensive? How much should I pay for it? Pug price:
If you choose to purchase the Pug, you should know that the mentioned amount of money is an average of the collected data from breeders’ sites and puppy finder places. If you have a Pug for sale, please advertise it on a reliable website to make sure the Pug gets to a happy place.

Pug History

Many theories about the origin of the Pug has been debated over a couple of years, some thinking the breed was developed in the Far East, others thinking it developed in Europe. Although today it is generally accepted that the Pug originated in China, from where it spread to Japan and later to Europe. It is unclear as to how long ago the breed actually appeared but some people suggest that its origin dates back to the Han and Tang Dynasty (206 B.C. to 200 A.D.), whereas others place the date back even further to the Shang Dynasty around 400 B.C. Some sources even claim that the origins of the Pug could go back as far as the Chou Dynasty between 827 and 782 B.C. Furthermore, Pugs were most likely bred as lapdogs for Chinese monarchs where they were prized by the emperors and lived in luxurious accommodations, sometimes even being guarded by soldiers. Pugs are one of the three types of short-nosed dogs that are known to have been bred by the Chinese; the Lion dog, the Pekingese, and the Lo-sze or Foo dog, which is thought to be the representation of the ancient Pug.

On the other hand, another theory of Pugs puts the breed first in Buddhist monasteries in Tiber around 400 B.C. According to researchers monks may have used the pugs primarily as pets and possibly as guard dogs. The Pug bears a resemblance to Guardian Lions, and it is believed that the sculptors may have modeled the lions after this breed. Guardian Lion statues stand outside of Chinese temples and are believed to have protective powers. In the Tiber, Pugs were called ‘lags k’yi’, which means “hand dog” and came from a Tibetan legend about the origins of Pugs. According to the legend, if a human touches a young eagle right after it is hatched, it will be transformed into a pug dog.

It is now accepted generally that the Pug originates from the Orient and eventually appeared in Europe but in Europe, still many people believe that the Pug descended from the Mastiff breeds, with ancestors such as the fighting dogs of ancient Greece. However, it is true that in Europe there were some extraordinary crossings, especially with the Bulldog as the years went by. There are also several stories about how the breed got popular in European countries but we are sure that it spread around the 16th and 17th centuries. Some people claim that the first Pugs were brought to Europe through Dutch traders, who named the breed Mopshond, a name still used today. The breed quickly became the favorites of many royal households, for example in Holland the Pug even became the official dog of the House of Orange after a Pug named Pompey saved the life of William, Prince of Orange by giving him a warning that the Spaniards were approaching in 1572. When William of Orange went to England with his wife, Mary II, to take the throne from James II, they took their Pugs with them. As the Pug’s popularity spread throughout Europe, it was often called different names in different countries. For example in France, it was called Carlin, in Spain Dogullo, in Germany Mops and in Italy, Caganlino.

At the beginning of the 19th century, Pugs were standardized as a breed with two lines becoming dominant in England. One of the lines was called the Morrison line, which was founded upon the royal dogs of Queen Charlotte. The other line was developed by Lord and lady Willoughby d’Erasby and was founded on dogs imported from Russia and Hungary. Meanwhile, in China, Pugs continued to be bred by the royal families. When the British overran the Chinese Imperial Palace in 1860, they discovered several Pugs and brought some of the little dogs back to England with them. Pugs became very popular during the Victorian era and were featured in many paintings, postcards, and figurines of the period. Even Queen Victoria had many Pugs and also bred them. The Queen preferred apricot fawn Pugs, whereas another Pug fancier, Lady Brassey, made black Pugs fashionable in the late 19th century. After the Civil War, Pugs were introduced to the United States and the breed was also recognized by the AKC in 1885. At first, Pugs were very popular but by the turn of the century, interest in the breed decreased. A few Pug lover and dedicated breeder kept breeding and after some years the breed gain popularity again. Founded in 1931, the Pug Dog Club of America was also recognized by the AKC that year. 

Pug General Appearance

What size is this breed? How big is this dog? Pug size:
How much does the Pug weigh? Pug weight:
Male: 13-20 pounds (6-9 kg), Female: 13-18 pounds (6-8 kg)
Avg. Weight
What is the average weight of the Pug? Pug average weight:
Male: 16.5 pounds (7.5 kg), Female: 15.5 pounds (7 kg)
How tall is the Pug? Pug height:
Male: 12-14 inches (30-36 cm), Female: 10-12 inches (25-30 cm)
Avg. Height
What is the average height of this fido? Pug average height:
Male: 13 inches (33 cm), Female: 11 inches (27.5 cm)

Pug Hair & Care

What type of coat does the Pug have? What does this canine coat look like?
What color is the breed's coat? What color is a proper Pug's coat?
How to groom the Pug and how often?
Effortless: The Pug requires minimal grooming. Seasonal flea treatment is needed, but cutting the dog's hair by a professional groomer isn't necessary. Ears and eyes should be cleaned sometimes to avoid infections. Pug is one of the best choices if you don't have the time, skill or money to take care of a high maintenance dog. Highly recommended for beginners.
Shedding Level
How much do Pug dogs shed? How to control, reduce and prevent the shedding of the Mops? Pug shedding level:
Pugs shed above average. It's a natural process of the hair growth cycle. The amount and frequency of hair loss mostly depend on their health status and breed type. If you don't like vacuum cleaning, you might have to reconsider your choice of having a puppy from the Pug breed.

Pug Characteristics

What kind of personality does the Pug have? What characteristics does the breed have?
Intelligent Rank
How smart is the Pug? Are they intelligent?
Low to average: This canine intelligence is not the brightest one. Keep in mind that if you want to teach them any tricks, they understand and memorize new commands in 40-80 repetitions. Pug obey for the first command 30% of the time or better. So if you want to have a smart dog, you might have to reconsider your choice with this breed.
Are Pug dogs easy to train? Do they go well on dog training?
Pugs aren't famous for their trainability. This breed needs more time and repetition to obey. It's challenging to teach them new commands, but not impossible.
How playful is this breed?
Pugs, like any other dog breed, like playing. Sometimes they bark as excitement for playing, but they are not the most playful dog breed.
Sensitivity Level
How sensitive are they? Pug sensitivity:
Pugs have an average emotional level and are not the most sensitive dog breed. Sometimes it's okay to change the daily routine, have guests and listen to loud music. Some dogs handle moderate punishment very well, while others crumble apart at a dirty look. This breed is not affected emotionally for moderate punishment.
Affection Level
How affectionate are they?
Pugs are genuinely loyal, soft and gentle, loving and affectionate dogs toward their handlers. They enjoy quality time with their owners despite the activity and considered as a great therapy dog for those in need. This breed responds strongly to their handler's emotions because they bond closely. Their happiness is your happiness.
Social Needs
How much social interaction does the Mops need? Pug social needs:
Pugs need a lot of social interaction. They desire to always be with someone or around people. This breed hates being left alone.
Do Pug dogs bark a lot? Why does my Carlin bark?
Average: The Pug barks occasionally. They can change their barks depending on their emotional level and what they're trying to say. Different barks could mean the same and same barks could have a different meaning. Top reasons for barking: protection, alarm, fear, boredom, attention seeking, greeting, separation anxiety, compulsive barking.
Watchdog Ability
Is Pug good as a watchdog?
Pugs are average watchdogs. If they sense something different, they will alert you, but the observation isn't considered as their main job.
Do Pug dogs have an aggressive behavior to protect their territory?
Pugs strongly protect their territory. This breed is a complete security guard, so you don't have to be afraid in case of danger.
Biting Potential
Do Pug bite humans? How likely are you to get bitten from the Mops? What are the odds of getting bitten by a Pug? Why do dog bites happen?
The Pug has a low chance of biting somebody. Top reasons for dog bite: protection, pain, excitement, herding instinct, being provoked. (Data based on the available online bite statistics.)
How much mouthing/nipping/play biting does the Pug do?
Pugs have lower than average tendency to nip, chew, play-bite, or herd people. It's a common habit during puppyhood, not aggressive behavior. These "bites" don't hurt, but Pugs need to be taught for a good attitude.
Impulse to Wander or Roam
How likely is the Pug to run away? Does this breed explore or wander a lot? Does Pug roam?
Pugs tend to escape less than other breeds. They have low to average wanderlust potential. Exploring the world is not the best activity they can imagine.
Prey Drive
Do this canine have a strong prey drive? Does Pug have high prey drive?
Pugs have an average prey drive, which means that they don't have a high impulse to chase and catch something like a cat or any other small aminals, but it might happen. Training can help to achieve good behavior.
Apartment Friendly
Is Pug good as an apartment dog? Can they live in a flat?
Pugs are very apartment-friendly dogs. Besides the daily walk outside they don't require a big garden.
Are they adaptable and easy-going?
Pugs adapt very well to lifestyle changes and basically all living environments. They don't mind moving from one place to another with their owner.
Tolerates Being Left Alone
Can you leave this breed home alone?
Pugs tend to have separation anxiety when their owners left them alone at home because they bond very closely with them.
Fighting Dog
Where Pug dogs used as a fighting dog in the history?
Not really
In history, this breed was not really used for combat dog.

Pug Good With

Stranger Friendly
Are they friendly with strangers?
Pugs are very stranger friendly dogs.
Child Friendly
Are Pug dogs kid-friendly? Are they good with young children? Pug and children:
Pugs are kid-friendly dogs. This breed is a good choice if you have children.
Cat Friendly
How well do Pug dogs get along with cats? Are they good with kittens? What is this fido's temperament with cats?
Pugs are very cat-friendly dogs.
Dog Friendly
Is Pug good with other dogs? Are they dog-friendly dogs? How well do Pug dogs get along with other dogs? What is this canine temperament with other dogs?
Pugs are very dog-friendly dogs. If you want more dogs in your family or you'd like to join dog meetups, the Pug can be a great choice.
Office Friendly
Are Pugs good office dogs? Do Pugs make good office friendly dogs? Can Pugs be office dogs?
Pug is not the best dog breed for office environment.
Senior Citizens Friendly
Are they senior citizens friendly dogs? How well do Pug dogs get along with the elderly people? What is the Mops temperament with senior people? Are Pug dogs good for elderly owners?
Pugs are usually recommended for elderly people.
Pet Friendly
Are they pet-friendly dogs? How well do Pug dogs get along with other pets? Are Pug dogs good with pets? What is this canine temperament with other pets?
Pugs are one of the friendliest dog breeds.
Good For First Time Owners
Is Pug breed good for first-time owners? Do they make a good dog for novice owners?
Pugs are not good for novice owners, due to their stubborn personality.
Service Dog
Are they good as service dogs? Can Pug be a service dog?
Not really
This breed generally not used as a service dog. A service dog is a term used in the USA to refer to any type of assistance dog specifically trained to help people who have disabilities, such as visual impairment, hearing impairments, mental disorders, seizures, mobility impairment, and diabetes. Service dogs are protected under the ADA (Americans with Disabilities Act). Pug is not the best breed for service purposes.
Therapy Dog
Are they good as therapy dogs? Can Pug be a therapy dog?
This breed makes a perfect therapy dog. A therapy dog is a dog that might be trained to provide affection, comfort, and love to people in hospitals, retirement homes, nursing homes, schools, hospices, disaster areas, and to people with anxiety disorders or autism. Pug breed is a good choice for therapeutic purposes.
Detection Dog or Sniffer Dog
Are they good as detection dogs? Can Pug be a sniffer dog?
Not really
A detection dog or sniffer dog is a dog that is trained to use its senses (mostly its smell) to detect substances such as explosives, illegal drugs, wildlife scat, currency, blood, and contraband electronics such as illicit mobile phones. Pug is not the best breed for detection purposes.
Search and Rescue Dog (SAR)
Are they good as SAR dogs? Can Pug be a search and rescue dog?
Not really
The use of dogs in search and rescue (SAR) is a valuable component in wilderness tracking, natural disasters, mass casualty events, and in locating missing people. The Pug is not the best breed for SAR purposes.
Boat Dog
Are they good as boat dogs? Can Pug be a boat dog?
Not really
Pug breed usually doesn't like being on a boat.
Cart Pulling or Drafting Dog
Are they good as cart pulling dogs? Can Pug be a drafting dog?
Not really
A drafting dog or draft dog is a dog bred and used for cart pulling. Dogs bred for this work have strong builds and qualities that are needed, strength and determination. Pug is not the best breed for drafting purposes.

Pug Health Factors

Health Issues
Is it a healthy breed? Do Pug dogs have health problems?
Very healthy dog breed. The Pug rarely meets with the veterinarian.
Health Problems
What health problems does the Pug breed have? What are the health issues and concerns of the Pug breed? Health risks of Pug:
AllergiesCheyletiella DermatitisCorneal UlcersDemodectic MangeDistichiasisDry EyeEntropionEpilepsyHemi-vertebraeHip DysplasiaLegg-perthes DiseaseNerve DegenerationPatellar LuxationProgressive retinal atrophy (PRA)ProptosisPug Dog EncephalitisStaphylococcus InfectionVaccination SensitivityYeast Infection
Life Expectancy
How long do Pug dogs live? What is the average lifespan of this breed? How old can a Pug be?
12-15 years
Is the Pug breed hypoallergenic?
Pugs don't do well with allergy sufferers by causing allergic reaction. Some of the dog breeds are even considered to higher the possibility of an allergic response. Coat type isn't necessarily relevant, because most people are allergic to dander (flakes on the dog's skin) or saliva, not actually to dog hair.
Energy Level
How much energy does the Pug have?
Pugs have an average energy level, so if you live a semi-active life, this breed can be a good choice for you.
Exercise Need
How much exercise does this dog need? How much exercise do Pug dogs require per day?
Pugs exercise need is minimal. If you live a slow life, this breed can be a good choice for you.
Sleeping Need
How much sleep does this fido need?
Pugs sleep 12-14 hours a day as an average dog and they're not considered as a lazy breed.
Avg. daily food consumption
How much food does the Pug need? How often should I feed my canine? What dog products should I buy?
1/2 to 1 cup dry food a day.
Weight Gain Potential
How easy to gain weight for this dog? Pug risk for obesity:
High: The Pug breed has a strong tendency to overweight. Try to find the happy medium between exercise and feeding. If you want to keep balance, increase the amount and frequency of your daily dog walk and play with the Pug more often. If you notice any weight gain, consult your veterinarian and make a diet plan. Reduce unhealthy food and snacks, and measure the Pug's weight regularly.
Weather & Climate
Which weather condition is preferred by this dog? Can they tolerate hot and cold weather & climate?
Prefers average to warm weather conditions
How stinky is this dog? Why does it smell bad and how to get rid of the smell?
The Pug has a high chance of bad smell. Top reasons for dog stinkiness: infection of bad tooth/ear/skin folds, gas attacks.
Drooling tendency
Does the Pug drool?
The Pug is a perfect example for very low drooling tendency. If you're disgusted by slobber spots on your clothes, the Pug could be a perfect choice for you. Drooling is the unintentional saliva flowing outside of the mouth. It can be completely normal or a sign of a health problem. Certain dog breeds drool minimal compared to others, just like the Pug. If you notice any change in your dog's drooling habit, you should contact a vet as soon as possible.

Pug Reproducibility

Gestation Length
How long does this dog's pregnancy last? How long does this dog pregnant? How long does it take to have puppies?
60-64 days
Reproductive cycle of the female Pug: The first period called Proestrus lasts for about 9 days. During this time the females start to attract males. You can notice by swelling vulva and bloody discharge. The second part is the Estrus when the bitch is receptive for the male. It lasts for about 3 to 11 days. The sign of the proestrus part is the soft and enlarged vulva. The discharge decreases and lightens in color. The third part is the Diestrus. Normally, it occurs around day 14. In this period the bitch’s discharge changes for vivid red and coming to its end. The vulva returns to average, and she will no longer permit mating. The fourth part called the Anestrus. The time frame between heat periods normally lasts about six months.
How often can the Pug have a litter? Once a year.
More frequent breeding is not healthy. It is very important not to buy a dog from a puppy mill, where the needs of the pups and their mothers are ignored. It's an inhumane high-volume dog breeding facility, where puppies born several times a year.
Litter Size
How many puppies can the Pug have? What is the average litter size of this fido?
2-4 puppies

Pug Pros & Cons

  • Health Issues: Very healthy dog breed.
  • Apartment Friendly: Pugs are very apartment-friendly dogs.
  • Grooming: Effortless: The Pug requires minimal grooming.
  • Drooling tendency: The Pug is a perfect example for very low drooling tendency.
  • Mouthiness: Pugs have lower than average tendency to nip, chew, play-bite, or herd people.
  • Impulse to Wander or Roam: Pugs tend to escape less than other breeds.
  • Adaptability: Pugs adapt very well to lifestyle changes and basically all living environments.
  • Child Friendly: Pugs are kid-friendly dogs.
  • Cat Friendly: Pugs are very cat-friendly dogs.
  • Dog Friendly: Pugs are very dog-friendly dogs.
  • Senior Citizens Friendly: Pugs are usually recommended for elderly people.
  • Therapy Dog: This breed makes a perfect therapy dog.
  • Intelligent Rank: Low to average: This canine intelligence is not the brightest one.
  • Trainability: Pugs aren't famous for their trainability.
  • Hypoallergenic: Pugs don't do well with allergy sufferers by causing allergic reaction.
  • Shedding Level: Pugs shed above average.
  • Stinkiness: The Pug has a high chance of bad smell.
  • Weight Gain Potential: High: The Pug breed has a strong tendency to overweight.
  • Tolerates Being Left Alone: Pugs tend to have separation anxiety when their owners left them alone at home because they bond very closely with them.
  • Office Friendly: Pug is not the best dog breed for office environment.
  • Good For First Time Owners: Pugs are not good for novice owners, due to their stubborn personality.

Rate The Pug Breed

Pug Comments, Reviews & Questions

  • Linda G

    Sep 22, 2021, 4:31:07 AM:

    Great companion.. Funny but can can be VERY stubborn..would sneakk in our bed and cuddle up with ourts

  • pug lover

    Jan 18, 2021, 10:13:21 AM:

    best dog ever!!! very funny in the house

  • why

    Jan 13, 2021, 3:40:24 PM:

    why breed a dog this way they are little rats

  • Pug

    Oct 19, 2020, 5:58:50 AM:

  • Jamal Crawford

    Sep 21, 2020, 6:03:49 AM:

    Dope af

  • too good

    Sep 7, 2020, 9:37:14 AM: