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Samoyed Information & Dog Breed Facts

Collection of all the general dog breed info about Samoyed so you can get to know the breed more.

Group Sled Dogs
Popularity Rank57
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Other Names
What other names does the Samoyed have? The dog breed also known as...
Samoyedskaya, Bjelkier, Samoiedskaya Sobaka, Nenetskaya Laika, Smiley, Sammy
Breed Type
What type of dog breed is it?
AKC Group
Is Samoyed recognized by the American Kennel Club?
Recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1906 as a Working breed.
FCI Group
Is Samoyed recognized by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI)?
Recognized by FCI in the Spitz and primitive types group, in the Nordic Sledge Dogs section.
Breed Recognition
What kennel clubs and organizations recognize or register the Samoyed breed?
American Canine RegistryAmerican Kennel ClubAmerica's Pet RegistryCanadian Kennel ClubDog Registry of America Inc.Federation Cynologique InternationaleKennel Club of Great BritainNorth American Purebred Registry, Inc.American Canine Association, Inc.Australian National Kennel CouncilContinental Kennel ClubNational Kennel ClubNew Zealand Kennel ClubUnited Kennel Club
How much does the Samoyed puppy cost? What is the price range of this puppy? What is the average price of this dog in the United States? Is this puppy expensive? How much should I pay for it? Samoyed price:
If you choose to purchase the Samoyed, you should know that the mentioned amount of money is an average of the collected data from breeders’ sites and puppy finder places. If you have a Samoyed for sale, please advertise it on a reliable website to make sure the Samoyed gets to a happy place.

Samoyed History

Samoyed is a true working dog breed originally bred for hunting, herding, and shedding, but as they are besides being intelligent, and hardy are also social caring and affectionate they can make an excellent companion dog for the family using their abilities to entertain and protect the children.

Their name comes from the Samoyede, which is the name of semi-nomadic people from Asia who migrated to Siberia approximately a thousand years ago. The members of these dark-skin semi-nomadic tribes treated their dogs as family members with love and affection, sharing their table and bed with them. They usually slept inside the tents with the people because in this area, which is the coldest habitable place on earth the temperature can easily go below minus 60 degrees. These people developed a love and understanding of humankind and an unfailing sense of trust and loyalty in their dogs which remained a part of their character today. Due to the interdependence of their survival on each other, a very special human-dog association evolved. Reindeers were an essential source of food leather and fur for the Samoyed. At first, the dogs were used as hunters, fishers, and guarders. They also hauled the sleds when it was impossible or unnecessary to use the reindeer, the general draught animal. The task later shifted from hunting to herding the reindeers.

During the late 1800s, the breed began to arrive in Europe especially to England, but not so much of them However, not all of the early imports were the unmixed white breed which is common today. One of these early imports was gifted to Queen Alexandra, who took a great part in the promotion of the breed. The first American Samoyed, named Moustan of Argenteau was registered with the AKC in 1906. It was a  Russian import, finding its way to the United States as a gift from Grand Duke Nicolas.

In the early 20th century lot of Samoyedes, which were imported to Europe and America were brought to the famous Antarctic expeditions by the mushers of the time for example Scott, Shackleton, and Amundsen knowing that these animals are enthusiastic hauler of supplies, capable of sledding one and a half times their own weight. These valorous dogs endured terrible hardships serving these explorers, only a few returned.

Samoyed General Appearance

What size is this breed? How big is this dog? Samoyed size:
How much does the Samoyed weigh? Samoyed weight:
Male: 45-65 pounds (20.5-30 kg), Female: 35-50 pounds (16-20.5 kg)
Avg. Weight
What is the average weight of the Samoyed? Samoyed average weight:
Male: 55 pounds (25 kg), Female: 42.5 pounds (19 kg)
How tall is the Samoyed? Samoyed height:
Male: 21-23.5 inches (53-60 cm), Female: 19-21 inches (48-53 cm)
Avg. Height
What is the average height of this fido? Samoyed average height:
Male: 21-23.5 inches (56.5 cm), Female: 20 inches (50.5 cm)

Samoyed Hair & Care

What type of coat does the Samoyed have? What does this canine coat look like?
What color is the breed's coat? What color is a proper Samoyed's coat?
How to groom the Samoyed and how often?
Advanced: The Samoyed requires a lot of grooming. Cutting the dog's hair by a professional groomer can be helpful sometimes. Regular brushed dog's coat is less likely to shed. Ears and eyes should be cleaned often to avoid infections. Don't skip the seasonal flea treatment too. Occasional dog nail trimming and dog bath is important. Check the local pet store for dog grooming supplies and find the best dog shampoo to keep its coat healthy and to give your Samoyed a pleasant experience of a dog bath. If you don't have the time, skill or money to take care of your Samoyed, search for the best dog groomer or clipping service in your area and book an appointment. Maybe you're lucky to have a dog boarding service that includes grooming or walk in dog bath places nearby.
Shedding Level
How much do Samoyed dogs shed? How to control, reduce and prevent the shedding of the Samoyedskaya? Samoyed shedding level:
Samoyeds are heavy shedders. It's a natural process of the hair growth cycle. Be prepared for the daily vacuum cleaning. The amount and frequency of hair loss mostly depend on their health status and breed type.

Samoyed Characteristics

What kind of personality does the Samoyed have? What characteristics does the breed have?
Intelligent Rank
How smart is the Samoyed? Are they intelligent?
Smart: Samoyed's has great intelligence. They understand and memorize new commands in 15-25 repetitions.
Are Samoyed dogs easy to train? Do they go well on dog training?
Samoyeds are easy to train. They find out the association between commands and actions quite quickly.
How playful is this breed?
Samoyeds, like any other dog breed, like playing. Sometimes they bark as excitement for playing, but they are not the most playful dog breed.
Sensitivity Level
How sensitive are they? Samoyed sensitivity:
Samoyeds are less sensitive than other dog breeds. They aren't receptive to their owner's emotions and handle soft punishment quite well. They don't mind an always changing daily routine, a hectic household, young children, noisy or office environment and frequent guest visits.
Affection Level
How affectionate are they?
Samoyeds are genuinely loyal, soft and gentle, loving and affectionate dogs toward their handlers. They enjoy quality time with their owners despite the activity and considered as a great therapy dog for those in need. This breed responds strongly to their handler's emotions because they bond closely. Their happiness is your happiness.
Social Needs
How much social interaction does the Samoyedskaya need? Samoyed social needs:
Samoyeds are a social breed. They enjoy being around people or other animals. This breed doesn't tolerate being left alone.
Do Samoyed dogs bark a lot? Why does my Bjelkier bark?
Average: The Samoyed barks occasionally. They can change their barks depending on their emotional level and what they're trying to say. Different barks could mean the same and same barks could have a different meaning. Top reasons for barking: protection, alarm, fear, boredom, attention seeking, greeting, separation anxiety, compulsive barking.
Watchdog Ability
Is Samoyed good as a watchdog?
Samoyeds are good watchdogs. Their main job is to observe and they're consistent in their effort. Good vocal cords and sense of hearing belong to them. Usually, they're territorial and protective about their property, so the Samoyeds will alert you if they sense something different.
Do Samoyed dogs have an aggressive behavior to protect their territory?
Samoyeds are extremely protective guard dogs. This breed doesn't hesitate to protect their territory so the Samoyed can be a good choice if you want an excellent guard dog. Keep calm and the Samoyed will take care of unwanted people or animals.
Biting Potential
Do Samoyed bite humans? How likely are you to get bitten from the Samoyedskaya? What are the odds of getting bitten by a Samoyed? Why do dog bites happen?
The Samoyed has a low chance of biting somebody. Top reasons for dog bite: protection, pain, excitement, herding instinct, being provoked. (Data based on the available online bite statistics.)
How much mouthing/nipping/play biting does the Samoyed do?
Samoyeds have an average tendency to nip, chew, play-bite, or herd people. It's a common habit during puppyhood, not aggressive behavior. These "bites" don't hurt, but Samoyeds need to be taught for a good attitude.
Impulse to Wander or Roam
How likely is the Samoyed to run away? Does this breed explore or wander a lot? Does Samoyed roam?
Wanderlust potential of the Samoyed is strong enough to escape from home. They have a strong desire for exploring the world. Safer to walk them on a leash unless you teach them how to get back to you on command.
Prey Drive
Do this canine have a strong prey drive? Does Samoyed have high prey drive?
Samoyeds have a high impulse to chase and catch something. Cats or any other small animals are in danger. It's a natural instinct, doesn't necessarily mean that Samoyed dogs are aggressive. Better to keep this breed on a leash.
Apartment Friendly
Is Samoyed good as an apartment dog? Can they live in a flat?
Samoyeds are not the best choice for an apartment lifestyle, but they don't mind being inside if you walk them several times every day.
Are they adaptable and easy-going?
Samoyeds adapt well to lifestyle changes and different living environments. They don't mind moving from one place to another with their owner.
Tolerates Being Left Alone
Can you leave this breed home alone?
Samoyeds do best when a family member is at home during the day or if their workplace is dog-friendly so they can take the dog at work.
Fighting Dog
Where Samoyed dogs used as a fighting dog in the history?
Not really
In history, this breed was not really used for combat dog.

Samoyed Good With

Stranger Friendly
Are they friendly with strangers?
Samoyeds are average friendly towards strangers.
Child Friendly
Are Samoyed dogs kid-friendly? Are they good with young children? Samoyed and children:
Samoyeds are very kid-friendly dogs. This breed enjoys being surrounded by children.
Cat Friendly
How well do Samoyed dogs get along with cats? Are they good with kittens? What is this fido's temperament with cats?
Samoyeds are average friendly towards cats.
Dog Friendly
Is Samoyed good with other dogs? Are they dog-friendly dogs? How well do Samoyed dogs get along with other dogs? What is this canine temperament with other dogs?
Samoyeds are dog-friendly dogs. If you want more dogs in your family or you'd like to join dog meetups, the Samoyed can be a great choice.
Office Friendly
Are Samoyeds good office dogs? Do Samoyeds make good office friendly dogs? Can Samoyeds be office dogs?
Samoyed is not the best dog breed for office environment.
Senior Citizens Friendly
Are they senior citizens friendly dogs? How well do Samoyed dogs get along with the elderly people? What is the Samoyedskaya temperament with senior people? Are Samoyed dogs good for elderly owners?
Samoyeds are one of the best breeds for elderly people.
Pet Friendly
Are they pet-friendly dogs? How well do Samoyed dogs get along with other pets? Are Samoyed dogs good with pets? What is this canine temperament with other pets?
Samoyeds are generally with other pets.
Good For First Time Owners
Is Samoyed breed good for first-time owners? Do they make a good dog for novice owners?
Samoyeds are good for novice owners, due to their easy-going personality.
Service Dog
Are they good as service dogs? Can Samoyed be a service dog?
Not really
This breed generally not used as a service dog. A service dog is a term used in the USA to refer to any type of assistance dog specifically trained to help people who have disabilities, such as visual impairment, hearing impairments, mental disorders, seizures, mobility impairment, and diabetes. Service dogs are protected under the ADA (Americans with Disabilities Act). Samoyed is not the best breed for service purposes.
Therapy Dog
Are they good as therapy dogs? Can Samoyed be a therapy dog?
Not really
This breed generally not used as a therapy dog. A therapy dog is a dog that might be trained to provide affection, comfort, and love to people in hospitals, retirement homes, nursing homes, schools, hospices, disaster areas, and to people with anxiety disorders or autism. Samoyed is not the best breed for therapeutic purposes.
Detection Dog or Sniffer Dog
Are they good as detection dogs? Can Samoyed be a sniffer dog?
Not really
A detection dog or sniffer dog is a dog that is trained to use its senses (mostly its smell) to detect substances such as explosives, illegal drugs, wildlife scat, currency, blood, and contraband electronics such as illicit mobile phones. Samoyed is not the best breed for detection purposes.
Search and Rescue Dog (SAR)
Are they good as SAR dogs? Can Samoyed be a search and rescue dog?
Not really
The use of dogs in search and rescue (SAR) is a valuable component in wilderness tracking, natural disasters, mass casualty events, and in locating missing people. The Samoyed is not the best breed for SAR purposes.
Boat Dog
Are they good as boat dogs? Can Samoyed be a boat dog?
Not really
Samoyed breed usually doesn't like being on a boat.
Cart Pulling or Drafting Dog
Are they good as cart pulling dogs? Can Samoyed be a drafting dog?
Not really
A drafting dog or draft dog is a dog bred and used for cart pulling. Dogs bred for this work have strong builds and qualities that are needed, strength and determination. Samoyed is not the best breed for drafting purposes.

Samoyed Health Factors

Health Issues
Is it a healthy breed? Do Samoyed dogs have health problems?
The Samoyed is a healthy breed, but there are certain health issues that you should check with your vet regularly.
Health Problems
What health problems does the Samoyed breed have? What are the health issues and concerns of the Samoyed breed? Health risks of Samoyed:
BloatDiabetesHip DysplasiaProgressive retinal atrophy (PRA)Pulmonic Stenosis
Life Expectancy
How long do Samoyed dogs live? What is the average lifespan of this breed? How old can a Samoyed be?
12-14 years
Is the Samoyed breed hypoallergenic?
Samoyeds do well with allergy sufferers by causing fewer allergic reaction. However there are no 100% hypoallergenic dogs in the world, there are a variety of breeds that are considered to reduce or minimize the possibility of an allergic response. Coat type isn't necessarily relevant, because most people are allergic to dander (flakes on the dog's skin) or saliva, not actually to dog hair.
Energy Level
How much energy does the Samoyed have?
Samoyeds are high energy dogs. Active lifestyle makes them happy.
Exercise Need
How much exercise does this dog need? How much exercise do Samoyed dogs require per day?
Samoyeds need quite a lot of exercise. Daily walks should be on schedule. If you live an active life, this breed can be a good choice for you.
Sleeping Need
How much sleep does this fido need?
Samoyeds don't need too much sleep. They are energetic and desire to live an active life. If you think naps are overrated, this breed can be the best choice for you.
Avg. daily food consumption
How much food does the Samoyed need? How often should I feed my canine? What dog products should I buy?
2 to 3 cups of high-quality dry food a day, divided into two meals.
Weight Gain Potential
How easy to gain weight for this dog? Samoyed risk for obesity:
Average to High. If you don't pay attention to the Samoyed's weight, he can easily gain weight. More than one daily walk should be on schedule. To make your dog happy and fit, feed him with quality dry dog food and live an active life together. Try to find the happy medium between exercise and feeding. If you notice any weight gain, consult your veterinarian and make a diet plan. Reduce unhealthy food and snacks, and measure the Samoyed's weight regularly.
Weather & Climate
Which weather condition is preferred by this dog? Can they tolerate hot and cold weather & climate?
Prefers cold weather
The Samoyed can adapt well to harsh weather conditions, and also can be a good mountain dog.
How stinky is this dog? Why does it smell bad and how to get rid of the smell?
The Samoyed has a low chance of bad smell. Top reasons for dog stinkiness: infection of bad tooth/ear/skin folds, gas attacks.
Drooling tendency
Does the Samoyed drool?
The Samoyed is a perfect example for low drooling tendency. If you dislike being covered by slobber spots on your clothes, the Samoyed could be a good choice for you. Drooling is the unintentional saliva flowing outside of the mouth. It can be completely normal or a sign of a health problem. Certain dog breeds drool less than others, just like the Samoyed. If you notice any change in your dog's drooling habit, you should contact a vet as soon as possible.

Samoyed Reproducibility

Gestation Length
How long does this dog's pregnancy last? How long does this dog pregnant? How long does it take to have puppies?
60-64 days
Reproductive cycle of the female Samoyed: The first period called Proestrus lasts for about 9 days. During this time the females start to attract males. You can notice by swelling vulva and bloody discharge. The second part is the Estrus when the bitch is receptive for the male. It lasts for about 3 to 11 days. The sign of the proestrus part is the soft and enlarged vulva. The discharge decreases and lightens in color. The third part is the Diestrus. Normally, it occurs around day 14. In this period the bitch’s discharge changes for vivid red and coming to its end. The vulva returns to average, and she will no longer permit mating. The fourth part called the Anestrus. The time frame between heat periods normally lasts about six months.
How often can the Samoyed have a litter? Once a year.
More frequent breeding is not healthy. It is very important not to buy a dog from a puppy mill, where the needs of the pups and their mothers are ignored. It's an inhumane high-volume dog breeding facility, where puppies born several times a year.
Litter Size
How many puppies can the Samoyed have? What is the average litter size of this fido?
4-6 puppies

Samoyed Pros & Cons

  • Intelligent Rank: Smart: Samoyed's has great intelligence.
  • Trainability: Samoyeds are easy to train.
  • Hypoallergenic: Samoyeds do well with allergy sufferers by causing fewer allergic reaction.
  • Drooling tendency: The Samoyed is a perfect example for low drooling tendency.
  • Stinkiness: The Samoyed has a low chance of bad smell.
  • Watchdog Ability: Samoyeds are good watchdogs.
  • Adaptability: Samoyeds adapt well to lifestyle changes and different living environments.
  • Child Friendly: Samoyeds are very kid-friendly dogs.
  • Dog Friendly: Samoyeds are dog-friendly dogs.
  • Senior Citizens Friendly: Samoyeds are one of the best breeds for elderly people.
  • Good For First Time Owners: Samoyeds are good for novice owners, due to their easy-going personality.
  • Grooming: Advanced: The Samoyed requires a lot of grooming.
  • Shedding Level: Samoyeds are heavy shedders.
  • Weight Gain Potential: Average to High.
  • Impulse to Wander or Roam: Wanderlust potential of the Samoyed is strong enough to escape from home.
  • Tolerates Being Left Alone: Samoyeds do best when a family member is at home during the day or if their workplace is dog-friendly so they can take the dog at work.
  • Office Friendly: Samoyed is not the best dog breed for office environment.

Rate The Samoyed Breed

Samoyed Comments, Reviews & Questions

  • Sally's older brother

    May 14, 2021, 3:43:46 PM:

    she wants me to rate our dog... so here

  • Sally

    May 14, 2021, 3:42:55 PM:

    very fluffy and pretty! Love how mine smiles at me! <3

  • Tim

    Dec 18, 2020, 7:31:06 PM:

    Fluffy, cute, and made my day when at a family members

  • Sara+stormy!

    Aug 20, 2020, 2:25:07 AM:

    I'm getting one over the weekend!

  • hanna

    Aug 19, 2020, 6:52:22 PM:

  • Allysa

    Aug 19, 2020, 6:50:55 PM:

    Mine always makes me smile! a lil floofster to wake up to every day :)

  • Charlie

    Aug 19, 2020, 6:48:47 PM:

    I love Samoyeds, they are always happy and full of energy, a lot of other dog breeds shed so don't come up to me and say that these dogs are bad because they shed, they're fluffy, all fluffy dogs shed!

  • Ilya Stolbikov

    Aug 9, 2020, 2:40:19 PM:

    In general this seems OK, but Samoyeds are no guard dogs, at least that's what I heard every Samoyed owner say so far. They say that they are way too friendly to everyone. I apologize for a low rank, but I feel like this needs to be said.

  • Breeder!

    Jul 13, 2020, 5:08:58 PM:

    Intact Sams are territorial for reproductive purposes, not guarding property! Bad idea for elderly or first time owners; strong-willed & powerful. Excellent therapy dogs, great with any other pet, if raised well. They're sled dogs- they can pull loads!

  • Jen

    Mar 19, 2020, 7:24:48 AM:

    They are great dogs. They do malt alot all the time.

  • Andrea

    Nov 1, 2019, 6:36:43 PM: