Small Munsterlander Information & Dog Breed Facts

Collection of all the general dog breed info about Small Munsterlander so you can get to know the breed more.

Group Gun Dog
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OriginGermany flagGermany
Other Names
What other names does the Small Munsterlander have?
HeidewachtelMunsterMunsterlanderSmall MunsterlanderSpionVorstehhundKleiner Münsterländer
Breed Type
What type of dog breed is it?
Purebred

Small Munsterlander Price and Availability

Price
How much does the Small Munsterlander puppy cost? What is the price range of this puppy? What is the average price of this dog in the United States? Is this puppy expensive? How much should I pay for it?
$800-$1000
If you choose to purchase the Small Munsterlander, you should know that the mentioned amount of money is an average of the collected data from breeders’ sites and puppy finder places. If you have a Small Munsterlander for sale, please advertise it on a reliable website to make sure the Small Munsterlander gets to a happy place.
Availability
How easy is it to get a Small Munsterlander?
Frequent: The Small Munsterlander is easier than average to get. Maybe there is some risk of overbreeding, as it is a popular breed.

Due to its popularity, inbreeding may occur. A new study shows that inbreeding contributes to the incidence of disease and health problems.

So be careful and seek the help of an experienced person or a professional, in making your decision.

Small Munsterlander Size

Size
What size is this breed? How big is this dog?
Medium
Weight
How much does the Small Munsterlander weigh? Small Munsterlander weight:
Male: 45–60 pounds (20–27 kg), Female: 35–50 pounds (16–23 kg)
Average Weight
What is the average weight of the Small Munsterlander? Small Munsterlander average weight:
Male: 52.5 pounds (24.5 kg), Female: 45 pounds (20.5 kg)
Height
How tall is the Small Munsterlander? Small Munsterlander height:
Male: 20–22 inches (50–56 cm), Female: 19–21 inches (48–54 cm)
Average Height
What is the average height of this fido? Small Munsterlander average height:
Male: 21.5 inches (56.5 cm), Female: 20.5 inches (53.5 cm)

Small Munsterlander Grooming, Hair and Care

Coat / Hair Types
What type of coat does the Small Munsterlander have? What does this canine coat/fur look like?
DenseThick
Colors
What color is the breed's coat? What color is a proper Small Munsterlander's coat?
White & Brown
Grooming
How to groom the Small Munsterlander and how often?
Average: The Small Munsterlander requires average grooming effort. Cutting the dog's hair by a professional groomer isn't essential.

Brushing the dog's coat is useful to reduce shedding. Ears and eyes should be cleaned regularly to avoid infections.

Don't skip the seasonal flea treatment too. Dog nail trimming and dog bath can be helpful sometimes.

Check the local pet store for dog grooming supplies and find the best dog shampoo to keep its coat healthy and give your dog a pleasant experience of a dog bath.

If you don't have the time, skill, or money to take care of your Small Munsterlander, search for a dog groomer or clipping service in your area and book an appointment.

Maybe you're lucky to have a dog boarding service that includes grooming or walk-in dog bath places nearby.

Shedding Level
How much do Small Munsterlander dogs shed? How to control, reduce and prevent the shedding of the Heidewachtel?
Small Munsterlanders shed moderately. It's a natural process of the hair growth cycle. Regular brushing reduces the amount of hair that sheds. It mostly depends on their health status and breed type.
Bath Time / Bathing Frequency
How often does the Small Munsterlander need a bath? How often should bathe this dog? Can I bathe my Small Munsterlander every day?
6-8 weeks
Rarely. Bathing your dog is beneficial to them in more ways than just one. It’s also a good time to look for unusual scratches, bumps, fleas, and other irregularities. When their hair is wet and flat against their body, these details are more visible. For example, short-haired dog breeds can go a very long time in between baths. These short-haired breeds shed regularly and that shedding works to naturally remove excess dirt and oil. So unless your weenie dog got into the garbage can, you can probably hold off on a bath for a while.

Small Munsterlander Personality / Temperament

Temperament
What kind of personality does the Small Munsterlander have? What characteristics or traits does the breed have?
AffectionateHappyStrongWilledAttentiveIntelligentTrainable
Intelligent Rank
How smart is the Small Munsterlander? Are they intelligent?
Average: It takes patience to teach this breed any tricks or commands, but the effort is worth it. They understand and remember new commands after an average of 25-40 repetitions.
Trainability
Are Small Munsterlander dogs easy to train? Do they go well on dog training?
Small Munsterlanders are very easy to train. They easily find out the association between commands and actions.
Playfulness
How playful is this breed?
The Small Munsterlander is a playful breed. Excited barking and sometimes nipping will alert you to play.
Sensitivity Level
How sensitive are they? Small Munsterlander sensitivity:
Sensitive: Small Munsterlanders don't like an irregular daily routine, noisy household, and frequent guest visits. This breed's emotional level reflects their owner's feelings and they don't handle punishments well.
Affection Level
How affectionate are they? Are they affectionate?
High: Small Munsterlanders are genuinely loyal, soft and gentle, loving and affectionate dogs toward their handlers. They enjoy quality time with their owners despite the activity and are considered great therapy dog for those in need. This breed responds strongly to their handler's emotions because they bond closely. Their happiness is your happiness.
Social Needs
How much social interaction does the Heidewachtel need? Small Munsterlander social needs:
Small Munsterlanders are a social breed. They enjoy being around people or other animals. This breed doesn't tolerate being left alone.
Barking
Do Small Munsterlander dogs bark a lot? Are they barkers/noisy? Why does my Heidewachtel bark?
Average: The Small Munsterlander barks occasionally. They can change their barks depending on their emotional level and what they're trying to say. Different barks could mean the same and the same barks could have different meanings. Top reasons for barking: protection, alarm, fear, boredom, attention-seeking, greeting, separation anxiety, compulsive barking.
Watchdog Ability
Is Small Munsterlander good as a watchdog? Are they alert at night?
Small Munsterlanders are average watchdogs. If they sense something different, they will alert you, but the observation isn't considered their main job.
Guarding Behavior / Territorial
Do Small Munsterlander dogs have an aggressive behavior to protect their home/house/territory? Do they have guarding instincts?
Small Munsterlanders strongly protect their territory. This breed is a complete security guard, so you don't have to be afraid in case of danger.
Biting Potential
Do Small Munsterlander bite humans? How likely are you to get bitten from the Heidewachtel? What are the odds of getting bitten by a Small Munsterlander? Why do dog bites happen?

Low 🔽

The Small Munsterlander has a low chance of biting somebody. Top reasons for dog bite: protection, pain, excitement, herding instinct, being provoked. (Data based on the available online bite statistics.)
Bite Force
Does the Small Munsterlander has a hard bite?

Between 200 and 400 PSI

Small Munsterlander bite force: Ordinary. Average dogs have a bite force between 200 and 400 PSI. The Small Munsterlander, and many others, have a fearsome presence because they have significant jaw strength, so it is important not to anger the dog and have it around strangers until it is fully trained. However, they are usually quite calm and good companions, they work well in families and are easy to care for.
Mouthiness
How much mouthing/nipping/play biting does the Small Munsterlander do?
Small Munsterlanders have a higher than average tendency to nip, chew, play-bite, or herd people. It's a common habit during puppyhood, not aggressive behavior. These "bites" don't hurt, but Small Munsterlanders need to be taught for a good attitude.
Impulse to Wander or Roam
How likely is the Small Munsterlander to run away? Does this breed explore or wander a lot? Does Small Munsterlander roam?
The wanderlust potential of the Small Munsterlander is strong enough to escape from home. They have a strong desire for exploring the world. Safer to walk them on a leash unless you teach them how to get back to you on command.
Prey Drive
Do this canine have a strong prey drive? Does Small Munsterlander have high prey drive?
Small Munsterlanders have an average prey drive, which means that they don't have a high impulse to chase and catch something like a cat or any other small aminals, but it might happen. Training can help to achieve good behavior.
Apartment Friendly
Is Small Munsterlander good as an apartment dog? Can they live in a flat?
Not an apartment-friendly dog the Small Munsterlander breed. If you don't have a garden, think carefully about your decision, keeping Small Munsterlander indoors can cause a lot of problems.
Adaptability
Are they adaptable and easy-going?
Small Munsterlanders adapt very well to lifestyle changes and basically all living environments. They don't mind moving from one place to another with their owner.
Tolerates Being Left Alone
Can you leave this breed home alone?
Small Munsterlanders do best when a family member is at home during the day or if their workplace is dog-friendly so they can take the dog at work.

Small Munsterlander Good With

Stranger Friendly
Are they aggressive or friendly towards/with strangers? Small Munsterlander temperament with other people:
Small Munsterlanders are average friendly towards strangers.
Pet Friendly
Are they pet-friendly dogs? How well do Small Munsterlander dogs get along with other pets? Are Small Munsterlander dogs good with pets? What is this canine temperament with other pets?
Small Munsterlanders are generally with other pets.
Child Friendly
Are Small Munsterlander dogs kid-friendly? Are they good with young children? Small Munsterlander temperament with children:
Small Munsterlanders are very kid-friendly dogs. This breed enjoys being surrounded by children.
Cat Friendly
How well do Small Munsterlander dogs get along with cats? Are they good with kittens? What is this fido's temperament with cats? Can they be good with cats?
Small Munsterlanders are average friendly towards cats.
Dog Friendly
Is Small Munsterlander good with other dogs? Are they dog-friendly dogs? How well do Small Munsterlander dogs get along with other dogs? What is this canine temperament with other dogs?
Small Munsterlanders are very dog-friendly dogs. If you want more dogs in your family or you'd like to join dog meetups, the Small Munsterlander can be a great choice.
Good For First Time Owners
Is Small Munsterlander breed good for first-time owners? Do they make a good dog for novice owners?
Yes
Small Munsterlanders are good for novice owners, due to their easy-going personality.
Office Friendly
Are Small Munsterlanders good office dogs? Do Small Munsterlanders make good office friendly dogs? Can Small Munsterlanders be office dogs?
No
Small Munsterlander is not the best dog breed for office environment.
Senior Citizens Friendly
Are they senior citizens friendly dogs? How well do Small Munsterlander dogs get along with the elderly people? What is the Heidewachtel temperament with senior people? Are Small Munsterlander dogs good for elderly owners?
Small Munsterlanders are one of the best breeds for elderly people.

Small Munsterlander Health

Health Issues
Is it a healthy or unhealthy breed? Do Small Munsterlander dogs have health problems or genetic diseases?
Small Munsterlanders tend to have more frequent health issues than other breeds. Regular vet check-ups are needed.
Health Problems
What genetic/health problems does the Small Munsterlander breed have? What are the health issues and concerns of the Small Munsterlander breed? Most common health risks of Small Munsterlander:
Ear InfectionsHip DysplasiaSkin IrritationVision Problems
Veterinarian Visits
How often does the Small Munsterlander breed need to go to the vet? How often should you take your dog to the vet? How often should the Small Munsterlander see the vet?
Frequent
The Small Munsterlander should have a complete physical check-up at least once (but preferably twice) per year. If your dog shows any symptoms, call your veterinarian.
Life Expectancy
How long do Small Munsterlander dogs live? What is the average lifespan of this breed? How old can a Small Munsterlander be? What is the age limit of the Small Munsterlander? How many years can the oldest Small Munsterlander live?
12-14 years
The average lifespan of Small Munsterlander: 13 years
Hypoallergenic
Is the Small Munsterlander breed hypoallergenic?
No
Small Munsterlanders don't do well with allergy sufferers by causing allergic reaction. Some of the dog breeds are even considered to higher the possibility of an allergic response. Coat type isn't necessarily relevant, because most people are allergic to dander (flakes on the dog's skin) or saliva, not actually to dog hair.
Energy Level
How much energy does the Small Munsterlander have? What is the activity level of the Small Munsterlander?
Small Munsterlanders are high-energy dogs. An active lifestyle makes them happy.
Activity Requirement / Exercise Need
How much activity does this dog need? How much exercise do Small Munsterlander dogs require per day?
Small Munsterlanders need a lot of exercises. Long walks should be on a daily schedule. If you live an active life, this breed can be a good choice for you.
Sleeping Need
How much sleep does this fido need?
Small Munsterlanders don't need too much sleep. They are energetic and desire to live an active life. If you think naps are overrated, this breed can be the best choice for you.
Average daily food consumption
How much food does the Small Munsterlander need? How often should I feed my canine? What dog products should I buy?
1.5 to 2.5 cups of high-quality dry food a day, divided into two meals.
Weight Gain Potential / Prone to Obesity
How easy to gain weight for this dog? Small Munsterlander risk for obesity:
Average: The Small Munsterlander has an average risk for obesity. Daily walks should be on schedule. To make your dog happy and fit, feed him with quality dry dog food and live an active life together. Try to find the happy medium between exercise and feeding. If you notice any weight gain, consult your veterinarian and make a diet plan. Reduce unhealthy food and snacks, and measure the Small Munsterlander's weight regularly.
Weather and Climate
Which weather condition is preferred by this dog? Can they tolerate hot or cold weather and climate?
Tolerates warm and cold weather
Dogs that tolerate hot and cold weather are typically those that have a double coat of fur. Dogs with a double coat of fur have a layer of fur that insulates their skin and helps protect them from the cold and the heat.
Stinkiness
How stinky is this dog? Why does it smell bad and how to get rid of the smell?

Low 🔽

The Small Munsterlander has a low chance of bad smell. Top reasons for dog stinkiness: infection of bad tooth/ear/skin folds, gas attacks.
Drooling Tendency
Does the Small Munsterlander drool?
The Small Munsterlander is a perfect example of a very low drooling tendency. If you're disgusted by slobber spots on your clothes, the Small Munsterlander could be a perfect choice for you. Drooling is the unintentional saliva flowing outside of the mouth. It can be completely normal or a sign of a health problem. Certain dog breeds drool minimum compared to others, just like the Small Munsterlander. If you notice any change in your dog's drooling habit, you should contact a vet as soon as possible.

Small Munsterlander As a Working Dog

Service Dog
Are they good as service dogs? Can Small Munsterlander be a guide dog? Are they used as seeing-eye dogs?

Not really

This breed generally not used as a service dog. A service dog is a term used in the USA to refer to any type of assistance dog specifically trained to help people who have disabilities, such as visual impairment, hearing impairments, mental disorders, seizures, mobility impairment, and diabetes. Service dogs are protected under the ADA (Americans with Disabilities Act). Small Munsterlander is not the best breed for service purposes.
Therapy Dog
Are they good as therapy dogs? Can Small Munsterlander be a therapy dog? Are they good anxiety dogs? Can a Small Munsterlander be an emotional support animal?

Not really

This breed generally not used as a therapy dog. A therapy dog is a dog that might be trained to provide affection, comfort, and love to people in hospitals, retirement homes, nursing homes, schools, hospices, disaster areas, and to people with anxiety disorders or autism. Small Munsterlander is not the best breed for therapeutic purposes.
Detection Dog or Sniffer Dog
Are they good as detection dogs? Can Small Munsterlander be a sniffer dog?

Not really

They are not typically employed for this type of work, but there may be exceptional cases. A detection dog or sniffer dog is a dog that is trained to use its senses (mostly its smell) to detect substances such as explosives, illegal drugs, wildlife scat, currency, blood, and contraband electronics such as illicit mobile phones. Small Munsterlander is not the best breed for detection purposes.
Search and Rescue Dog (SAR)
Are they good as SAR dogs? Can Small Munsterlander be a search and rescue dog?

Not really

This dog breed is not typically used as a search and rescue dog. The use of dogs in search and rescue (SAR) is a valuable component in wilderness tracking, natural disasters, mass casualty events, and locating missing people. The Small Munsterlander is not the best breed for SAR purposes.
Boat and Sailor Dog
Are they good as boat dogs? Can Small Munsterlander be a boat dog?

Not really

Small Munsterlander breed usually doesn't like being on a boat.

Boat dogs were typically bred for their strength, stamina, and water resistance, as they were often required to perform tasks such as pulling in fishing nets, and jumping into the water to retrieve ropes or lines, or helping to move cargo.

Sailor dog is a type of dog that was bred to accompany sailors on their voyages. They were typically used for three purposes: as a working dog, a watchdog, and as a companion. A boat dog is a term used to describe a type of dog that was traditionally bred and used as a working dog on boats.

Cart Pulling or Drafting Dog
Are they good as cart pulling dogs? Can Small Munsterlander be a drafting dog?

Not really

A drafting dog or draft dog is a dog bred and used for cart pulling. Dogs bred for this work have strong builds and qualities that are needed, strength and determination. Small Munsterlander is not the best breed for drafting purposes.
Fighting Dog / Military Dog
Where Small Munsterlander dogs used as fighting / military dogs in history?

Not really

In history, this breed was not really used for combat dog.

Small Munsterlander Reproducibility

Gestation Length
How long does this dog's pregnancy last? How long does this dog pregnant? How long does it take to have puppies?

60-64 days

Reproductive cycle of the female Small Munsterlander: The first period called Proestrus lasts for about 9 days. During this time the females start to attract males. You can notice by swelling vulva and bloody discharge. The second part is the Estrus when the female is receptive for the male. It lasts for about 3 to 11 days. The sign of the proestrus part is the soft and enlarged vulva. The discharge decreases and lightens in color. The third part is the Diestrus. Normally, it occurs around day 14. In this period the female’s discharge changes for vivid red and coming to its end. The vulva returns to average, and she will no longer permit mating. The fourth part called the Anestrus. The time frame between heat periods normally lasts about six months.
Litter Frequency

Once a year.

More frequent breeding is not healthy. It is very important not to buy a dog from a puppy mill, where the needs of the pups and their mothers are ignored. It's an inhumane high-volume dog breeding facility, where puppies born several times a year.
Litter Size
How many puppies can the Small Munsterlander have? What is the average litter size of this fido?
4-6 puppies

Small Munsterlander Recognition

AKC Group
Is Small Munsterlander recognized by the American Kennel Club?
Not recognized by the American Kennel Club.
FCI Group
Is Small Munsterlander recognized by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI)?
Not recognized by FCI.
Breed Recognition
What kennel clubs and organizations recognize or register the Small Munsterlander breed?
Dog Registry of America Inc.Foundation Stock ServiceNorth American Purebred Registry, Inc.American Canine Association, Inc.

Small Munsterlander Pros and Cons

Pros
  • Trainability: Small Munsterlanders are very easy to train.
  • Drooling Tendency: The Small Munsterlander is a perfect example of a very low drooling tendency.
  • Stinkiness: The Small Munsterlander has a low chance of bad smell.
  • Adaptability: Small Munsterlanders adapt very well to lifestyle changes and basically all living environments.
  • Child Friendly: Small Munsterlanders are very kid-friendly dogs.
  • Dog Friendly: Small Munsterlanders are very dog-friendly dogs.
  • Senior Citizens Friendly: Small Munsterlanders are one of the best breeds for elderly people.
  • Good For First Time Owners: Small Munsterlanders are good for novice owners, due to their easy-going personality.
Cons
  • Health Issues: Small Munsterlanders tend to have more frequent health issues than other breeds.
  • Hypoallergenic: Small Munsterlanders don't do well with allergy sufferers by causing allergic reaction.
  • Apartment Friendly: Not an apartment-friendly dog the Small Munsterlander breed.
  • Mouthiness: Small Munsterlanders have a higher than average tendency to nip, chew, play-bite, or herd people.
  • Impulse to Wander or Roam: The wanderlust potential of the Small Munsterlander is strong enough to escape from home.
  • Tolerates Being Left Alone: Small Munsterlanders do best when a family member is at home during the day or if their workplace is dog-friendly so they can take the dog at work.
  • Office Friendly: Small Munsterlander is not the best dog breed for office environment.

Small Munsterlander History

The Small Munsterlander is one of the latest versatile hunting breeds to gain popularity in the United States, but while they may be new to the US and Canada, the breed has been used in Europe since the 13-14th century. In the 16-17th century, German, Italian, and Dutch artists already painted Small Munsterlander-like dogs. Although there are many similarities between these dogs and today’s breed, the true origin of the dogs from that time has never been proven exactly. The Small Munsterlander was known in the early days by a variety of names. Hermann Löns called them “heathland quail dog”, some named them “The little spy” or Spiönken after the characteristics fashion in which their small hunting dogs worked in the field and many clergy and teachers owned the dog so they named it the “Little Master’s Dog”.

According to experts, for several hundred years these small, handsome dogs were the companions of hunters in the marshes and moors in the northwestern part of Germany, especially in Westphalia. Prior to the 19th-century hunting was a privilege of the landed upper class who had the financial resources to breed, train and manage large kennels. Although, at the beginning of the 1800s the middle class gained access to hunting through land ownership and these hunters also wanted a companion dog with excellent hunting skills. However, in 1840, the creation of land reforms changed the viability of hunting in Germany, so the Small Munsterlanders eventually lost their popularity and it seemed that their extinction was inevitable. A few farmers were able to keep the bloodlines pure on their isolated farms in the moors, by keeping the most promising bitch for breeding and culling the rest of the females in the litters. After the change of the German hunting law, the increasing numbers of hunters and the systematic cultivation of the game stock led to the breeding of new German Pointing Dogs.

The systematic breeding of hunting dogs began in the middle of the 19th century. There are two breeders documented, who regularly bred Munsterlander in their kennels, one of them is a school teacher called Heitmann from Brugsteinfurt, and another one, the gamekeeper Wolberg from Dorsten. Apparently, in the blood of their Munsterlands flowed the blood of the old North German tracking and pointing dogs. According to experts, it is also likely that their bloodlines were intermingled with Belgian and French Epagneuls and Spaniels. Both of these breeding lines, the more delicate Heitmann line, and the sturdier Wolberg line formed the foundation of the “Kleine Münsterlander Vorstehhunde” breed. The sibling pair from both the Heitmann line and the Wolberg line are documented. The Munsterlanders were medium-sized, long-haired, intelligent, and worked tirelessly in the field, water, and forest. As hunters, they were passionate about tracking dogs and dependable retrievers. However, it was not for another 50 years that the breed had established sufficiently itself with hunters before a breed club names “Association for Kleine Münsterlander Vorstehhunde” was established in 1912. Moreover, there was another man who also dedicated himself to the Munsterlander, called Edmund Löns, brother of the famous poet, writer Hermann Löns. The brothers had been searching for good breeding dogs since the 1870s and in 1907 they came in contact with Heitmann. He helped to make the breed more famous by writing numerous articles in the German hunting and international press and this way he advanced the rapid spread of the breed. In 1927, he also brought brown roan to the breed, which until then recognized only brown-white dogs. A brown roan female had so impressed him with its intelligence, desire, and independence that he purchased and used her as a breed dog. This color prevailed and was also officially recognized by the association as an approved color. The genetic strength of this color demonstrates itself in almost half of all Munsterlander. By 1921, Edmund Löns and Dr. Friedrich Jungklaud had formulated and published the breed characteristics of the Munserlander, which were the basis for the further development of the breed.

In the decades until the end of WWII, the fate of the Munsterlander breed developed eventfully. However after the war Edmund Löns went his own way as he had different ideas about a rigorous performance breeding of the breed. He established his own club, which in the end was unable to prevail. In 1961 he integrated his club back into the original funding club which had maintained the development of the breed. In 2004 the F.C.I concluded the breed standard which is still valid today. The breed is also recognized by the AKC as a Foundation Stock Service breed and by the United Kennel Club as a gun dog.

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Small Munsterlander Comments, Reviews and Questions

  • Sparky

    Oct 7, 2020, 8:02:10 PM:

    Very handy and good