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German Shepherd Information & Dog Breed Facts

Collection of all the general dog breed info about German Shepherd so you can get to know the breed more.

OriginGermany
Group Pastoral Dogs (Herding Dogs)
Popularity Rank2
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Other Names
What other names does the German Shepherd have? The dog breed also known as...
Alsatian (UK), Alsatian wolf dog (UK), Berger Allemand, Deutscher Schäferhund, Schäferhund
Breed Type
What type of dog breed is it?
Purebred
AKC Group
Is German Shepherd recognized by the American Kennel Club?
Recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1908 as a Herding breed.
FCI Group
Is German Shepherd recognized by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI)?
Recognized by FCI in the Sheepdogs and Cattledogs (except Swiss Cattledogs) group, in the Sheepdogs section.
Price
How much does the German Shepherd puppy cost? What is the price range of this puppy? What is the average price of this dog in the United States? Is this puppy expensive? How much should I pay for it? German Shepherd price:
$800-$2000
If you choose to purchase the German Shepherd, you should know that the mentioned amount of money is an average of the collected data from breeders’ sites and puppy finder places. If you have a German Shepherd for sale, please advertise it on a reliable website to make sure the German Shepherd gets to a happy place.

Overview

 

General Appearance

Size
What size is this breed? How big is this dog? German Shepherd size:
Large
Weight
How much does the German Shepherd weigh? German Shepherd weight:
Male: 66-88 pounds (30-40 kg), Female: 49-71 pounds (22-32 kg)
Avg. Weight
What is the average weight of this canine? German Shepherd average weight:
Male: 77 pounds (35 kg), Female: 60 pounds (27 kg)
Height
How tall is the German Shepherd? German Shepherd height:
Male: 24-26 inches (60-65 cm), Female: 22-24 inches (55-60 cm)
Avg. Height
What is the average height of this fido? German Shepherd average height:
Male: 25 inches (62.5 cm), Female: 23 inches (57.5 cm)

Hair & Care

Coat
What type of coat does the German Shepherd have? What does this canine coat look like?
Fuzzy
Colors
What color is the breed's coat? What color is a proper German Shepherd's coat?
SilverTanRedBlack
Grooming
How to groom the German Shepherd and how often?
Average: The German Shepherd requires average grooming effort. Cutting the dog's hair by a professional groomer isn't essential. Brushing the dog's coat is useful to reduce shedding. Ears and eyes should be cleaned regularly to avoid infections. Don't skip the seasonal flea treatment too. Dog nail trimming and dog bath can be helpful sometimes. Check the local pet store for dog grooming supplies and find the best dog shampoo to keep its coat healthy and to give your dog a pleasant experience of a dog bath. If you don't have the time, skill or money to take care of your German Shepherd, search for a dog groomer or clipping service in your area and book an appointment. Maybe you're lucky to have a dog boarding service that includes grooming or walk in dog bath places nearby.
Shedding Level
How much do German Shepherd dogs shed? How to control, reduce and prevent the shedding of this canine? German Shepherd shedding level:
German Shepherds are heavy shedders. It's a natural process of the hair growth cycle. Be prepared for the daily vacuum cleaning. The amount and frequency of hair loss mostly depend on their health status and breed type.

Characteristics

Temperament
What kind of personality does the German Shepherd have? What characteristics does the breed have?
AlertCourageousIntelligentObedientConfidentCuriousLoyalWatchful
Intelligent Rank
How smart is the German Shepherd? Are they intelligent?
Outstanding: German Shepherd is one of the brightest dog breeds. They desire to learn tricks and commands often. The limit is your creativity. They understand and memorize new commands in fewer than 5 repetitions. This breed obeys for the first command 95% of the time or better.
Trainability
Are German Shepherd dogs easy to train? Do they go well on dog training?
German Shepherds are easy to train. They find out the association between commands and actions quite quickly.
Playfulness
How playful is this breed?
German Shepherds, like any other dog breed, like playing. Sometimes they bark as excitement for playing, but they are not the most playful dog breed.
Sensitivity Level
How sensitive are they? German Shepherd sensitivity:
German Shepherds don't like an irregular daily routine, noisy household and frequent guest visits. This breed emotional level reflects their owner's feelings and they don't handle punishments well.
Affection Level
How affectionate are they?
German Shepherds are genuinely loyal, soft and gentle, loving and affectionate dogs toward their handlers. They enjoy quality time with their owners despite the activity and considered as a great therapy dog for those in need. This breed responds strongly to their handler's emotions because they bond closely. Their happiness is your happiness.
Social Needs
How much social interaction does this dog need? German Shepherd social needs:
German Shepherds need for social interaction is average. This breed likes being around people or other animals, but they don't mind being left alone for a few hours either.
Barking
Do German Shepherd dogs bark a lot? Why does my dog bark?
Low to Average: The German Shepherd rarely barks. This breed could be a good choice if you're looking for a quiet breed. They don't bark unless there is a good reason. Top reasons for barking: protection, alarm, fear, boredom, attention seeking, greeting, separation anxiety, compulsive barking.
Watchdog Ability
Is German Shepherd good as a watchdog?
German Shepherds are one of the best watchdogs. Their main job is to observe and they're very consistent in their effort. The best vocal cords and sense of hearing belong to them. Usually, they're very territorial and protective about their property, so the German Shepherd dogs will alert you if they sense something different.
Territorial
Do German Shepherd dogs have an aggressive behavior to protect their territory?
German Shepherds are extremely protective guard dogs. This breed doesn't hesitate to protect their territory so the German Shepherd can be a good choice if you want an excellent guard dog. Keep calm and the German Shepherd will take care of unwanted people or animals.
Biting Potential
Do German Shepherd bite humans? How likely are you to get bitten from this dog? What are the odds of getting bitten by a German Shepherd? Why do dog bites happen?
High
The German Shepherd has a high chance of biting somebody. Top reasons for dog bite: protection, pain, excitement, herding instinct, being provoked. (Data based on the available online bite statistics.)
Mouthiness
How much mouthing/nipping/play biting does the German Shepherd do?
German Shepherds have a strong tendency to nip, chew, play-bite, or herd people. It's a common habit during puppyhood, not aggressive behavior. These "bites" don't hurt, but German Shepherds need to be taught for a good attitude.
Impulse to Wander or Roam
How likely is the German Shepherd to run away? Does this breed wander a lot? Does German Shepherd roam?
German Shepherds are not the biggest explorers. They have low wanderlust potential. Low chance for escaping from home with this breed.
Prey Drive
Do this canine have a strong prey drive? Does German Shepherd have high prey drive?
German Shepherds have a higher impulse to chase and catch something than other dog breeds. Cats or any other small animals might be in danger. It's a natural instinct, doesn't necessarily mean that German Shepherds are aggressive. Better to keep this breed on a leash.
Apartment Friendly
Is German Shepherd good as an apartment dog? Can they live in a flat?
German Shepherds are not the best choice for an apartment lifestyle, but they don't mind being inside if you walk them several times every day.
Adaptability
Are they adaptable and easy-going?
German Shepherds adapt very well to lifestyle changes and basically all living environments. They don't mind moving from one place to another with their owner.
Tolerates Being Left Alone
Can you leave this breed home alone?
Just like every puppy, they are prone to panic, cry, bark, whine when they left alone by their owner. With proper socialization and quality time with the dog can solve this problem.
Fighting Dog
Where German Shepherd dogs used as a fighting dog in the history?
Yes
In history, this breed was unfortunately used for combat dog.

Good With

Stranger Friendly
Are they friendly with strangers?
German Shepherds are stranger friendly dogs.
Child Friendly
Are German Shepherd dogs kid-friendly? Are they good with young children? German Shepherd and children:
German Shepherds are very kid-friendly dogs. This breed enjoys being surrounded by children.
Cat Friendly
How well do German Shepherd dogs get along with cats? Are they good with kittens? What is this fido's temperament with cats?
German Shepherds are average friendly towards cats.
Dog Friendly
Is German Shepherd good with other dogs? Are they dog-friendly dogs? How well do German Shepherd dogs get along with other dogs? What is this canine temperament with other dogs?
German Shepherds are not the most dog-friendly dogs. If you want more dogs in your family or you'd like to join dog meetups, the German Shepherd is not a good choice.
Office Friendly
Are German Shepherds good office dogs? Do German Shepherds make good office friendly dogs? Can German Shepherds be ofiice dogs?
No
German Shepherd is not the best dog breed for office environment.
Senior Citizens Friendly
Are they senior citizens friendly dogs? How well do German Shepherd dogs get along with the elderly people? What is this canine temperament with senior people? Are German Shepherd dogs good for elderly owners?
German Shepherds are one of the best breeds for elderly people.
Pet Friendly
Are they pet-friendly dogs? How well do German Shepherd dogs get along with other pets? Are German Shepherd dogs good with pets? What is this canine temperament with other pets?
German Shepherds are generally with other pets.
Good For First Time Owners
Is German Shepherd breed good for first-time owners? Do they make a good dog for novice owners?
No
German Shepherds are not good for novice owners, due to their stubborn personality.
Service Dog
Are they good as service dogs? Can German Shepherd be a service dog?
Yes
This breed makes good as a service dog. A service dog is a term used in the USA to refer to any type of assistance dog specifically trained to help people who have disabilities, such as visual impairment, hearing impairments, mental disorders, seizures, mobility impairment, and diabetes. Service dogs are protected under the ADA (Americans with Disabilities Act). German Shepherd breed is a good choice for service purposes.
Therapy Dog
Are they good as therapy dogs? Can German Shepherd be a therapy dog?
Yes
This breed makes a perfect therapy dog. A therapy dog is a dog that might be trained to provide affection, comfort, and love to people in hospitals, retirement homes, nursing homes, schools, hospices, disaster areas, and to people with anxiety disorders or autism. German Shepherd breed is a good choice for therapeutic purposes.
Detection Dog or Sniffer Dog
Are they good as detection dogs? Can German Shepherd be a sniffer dog?
Yes
A detection dog or sniffer dog is a dog that is trained to use its senses (mostly its smell) to detect substances such as explosives, illegal drugs, wildlife scat, currency, blood, and contraband electronics such as illicit mobile phones. German Shepherd breed is a good choice for detection purposes.
Search and Rescue Dog (SAR)
Are they good as SAR dogs? Can German Shepherd be a search and rescue dog?
Yes
The use of dogs in search and rescue (SAR) is a valuable component in wilderness tracking, natural disasters, mass casualty events, and in locating missing people. The German Shepherd breed is a good choice for SAR purposes.
Boat Dog
Are they good as boat dogs? Can German Shepherd be a boat dog?
Not really
German Shepherd breed usually doesn't like being on a boat.
Cart Pulling or Drafting Dog
Are they good as cart pulling dogs? Can German Shepherd be a drafting dog?
Not really
A drafting dog or draft dog is a dog bred and used for cart pulling. Dogs bred for this work have strong builds and qualities that are needed, strength and determination. German Shepherd is not the best breed for drafting purposes.

Health Factors

Health Issues
Is it a healthy breed? Do German Shepherd dogs have health problems?
German Shepherds are commonly healthy dogs. Vet costs aren't expensive with this breed.
Life Expectancy
How long do German Shepherd dogs live? What is the average lifespan of this breed?
10-13 years
Hypoallergenic
Is the German Shepherd breed hypoallergenic?
No
German Shepherds don't do well with allergy sufferers by causing allergic reaction. Some of the dog breeds are even considered to higher the possibility of an allergic response. Coat type isn't necessarily relevant, because most people are allergic to dander (flakes on the dog's skin) or saliva, not actually to dog hair.
Energy Level
How much energy does the German Shepherd have?
German Shepherds are high energy dogs. Active lifestyle makes them happy.
Exercise Need
How much exercise does this dog need? How much exercise do German Shepherd dogs require per day?
German Shepherds need quite a lot of exercise. Daily walks should be on schedule. If you live an active life, this breed can be a good choice for you.
Sleeping Need
How much sleep does this fido need?
German Shepherds don't need too much sleep. They are energetic and desire to live an active life. If you think naps are overrated, this breed can be the best choice for you.
Avg. daily food consumption
How much food does the German Shepherd need? How often should I feed my canine? What dog products should I buy?
3 to 4 cups of high-quality dry food a day, divided into two meals.
Weight Gain Potential
How easy to gain weight for this dog? German Shepherd risk for obesity:
Low to Average. The German Shepherd has a low to the average risk for obesity. To make your dog happy and fit, feed him with quality dry dog food and live an active life together. Try to find the happy medium between exercise and feeding. If you notice any weight change, consult your veterinarian to make a meal plan, and measure the German Shepherd's weight regularly.
Weather & Climate
Which weather condition is preferred by this dog? Can they tolerate hot and cold weather & climate?
Tolerates warm and cold weather.
Stinkiness
How stinky is this dog? Why does it smell bad and how to get rid of the smell?
Medium
The German Shepherd has an average chance of bad smell. Top reasons for dog stinkiness: infection of bad tooth/ear/skin folds, gas attacks.
Drooling tendency
Does the German Shepherd drool?
The German Shepherd is a perfect example for very low drooling tendency. If you're disgusted by slobber spots on your clothes, the German Shepherd could be a perfect choice for you. Drooling is the unintentional saliva flowing outside of the mouth. It can be completely normal or a sign of a health problem. Certain dog breeds drool minimal compared to others, just like the German Shepherd. If you notice any change in your dog's drooling habit, you should contact a vet as soon as possible.

Reproducibility

Gestation Length
How long does this dog's pregnancy last? How long does it take to have German Shepherd puppies?
60-64 days
Reproductive cycle of the female German Shepherd: The first period called Proestrus lasts for about 9 days. During this time the females start to attract males. You can notice by swelling vulva and bloody discharge. The second part is the Estrus when the bitch is receptive for the male. It lasts for about 3 to 11 days. The sign of the proestrus part is the soft and enlarged vulva. The discharge decreases and lightens in color. The third part is the Diestrus. Normally, it occurs around day 14. In this period the bitch’s discharge changes for vivid red and coming to its end. The vulva returns to average, and she will no longer permit mating. The fourth part called the Anestrus. The time frame between heat periods normally lasts about six months.
How often can the German Shepherd have a litter? Once a year.
More frequent breeding is not healthy. It is very important not to buy a dog from a puppy mill, where the needs of the pups and their mothers are ignored. It's an inhumane high-volume dog breeding facility, where puppies born several times a year.
Litter Size
How many puppies can the German Shepherd have? What is the average litter size of this fido?
6-10 puppies

Pros & Cons of German Shepherd

Pros
  • Intelligent Rank: Outstanding: German Shepherd is one of the brightest dog breeds.
  • Trainability: German Shepherds are easy to train.
  • Health Issues: German Shepherds are commonly healthy dogs.
  • Drooling tendency: The German Shepherd is a perfect example for very low drooling tendency.
  • Weight Gain Potential: Low to Average.
  • Watchdog Ability: German Shepherds are one of the best watchdogs.
  • Impulse to Wander or Roam: German Shepherds are not the biggest explorers.
  • Adaptability: German Shepherds adapt very well to lifestyle changes and basically all living environments.
  • Child Friendly: German Shepherds are very kid-friendly dogs.
  • Senior Citizens Friendly: German Shepherds are one of the best breeds for elderly people.
  • Service Dog: This breed makes good as a service dog.
  • Therapy Dog: This breed makes a perfect therapy dog.
  • Detection Dog or Sniffer Dog: A detection dog or sniffer dog is a dog that is trained to use its senses (mostly its smell) to detect substances such as explosives, illegal drugs, wildlife scat, currency, blood, and contraband electronics such as illicit mobile phones.
  • Search and Rescue Dog (SAR): The use of dogs in search and rescue (SAR) is a valuable component in wilderness tracking, natural disasters, mass casualty events, and in locating missing people.
Cons
  • Hypoallergenic: German Shepherds don't do well with allergy sufferers by causing allergic reaction.
  • Shedding Level: German Shepherds are heavy shedders.
  • Mouthiness: German Shepherds have a strong tendency to nip, chew, play-bite, or herd people.
  • Dog Friendly: German Shepherds are not the most dog-friendly dogs.
  • Office Friendly: German Shepherd is not the best dog breed for office environment.
  • Good For First Time Owners: German Shepherds are not good for novice owners, due to their stubborn personality.

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