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Border Collie vs Poodle vs German Shepherd – Which one is a better dog breed for you?

"Find similarities and differences between Border Collie vs Poodle vs German Shepherd" Compare Border Collie and Poodle. Which is better: Border Collie or Poodle or German Shepherd?
Name Border Collie Poodle German Shepherd
OriginsEngland Scotland Wales Germany France Germany
Group Pastoral Dogs (Herding Dogs) Companion Dogs Pastoral Dogs (Herding Dogs)
Popularity Rank3872
Reviews471
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Other Names Scotch Sheep Dog, Sheepdog French Poodle, Caniche, Barbone, Chien Canne, Grosse Pudel Alsatian, Berger Allemand, Alsatian wolf dog (UK), Deutscher Schäferhund, Schäferhund
Breed Type Purebred Purebred Purebred
AKC Group Recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1995 as a Herding breed. Recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1887 as a Non-Sporting & Toy breed. Recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1908 as a Herding breed.
FCI Group Recognized by FCI in the Sheepdogs and Cattledogs (except Swiss Cattledogs) group, in the Sheepdogs section. Recognized by FCI in the Companion and Toy Dogs group, in the Poodle section. Recognized by FCI in the Sheepdogs and Cattledogs (except Swiss Cattledogs) group, in the Sheepdogs section.
Breed Recognition American Canine Registry American Kennel Club America's Pet Registry Dog Registry of America Inc. Federation Cynologique Internationale Kennel Club of Great Britain North American Purebred Registry, Inc. American Canine Association, Inc. Australian National Kennel Council Continental Kennel Club National Kennel Club New Zealand Kennel Club United Kennel Club The American Int. Border Collie Registry The American Border Collie Association American Canine Registry American Kennel Club America's Pet Registry Canadian Kennel Club Dog Registry of America Inc. Federation Cynologique Internationale Kennel Club of Great Britain North American Purebred Registry, Inc. American Canine Association, Inc. Australian National Kennel Council Continental Kennel Club National Kennel Club New Zealand Kennel Club United Kennel Club Canadian Canine Registry American Canine Registry American Kennel Club America's Pet Registry Canadian Kennel Club Dog Registry of America Inc. Federation Cynologique Internationale Kennel Club of Great Britain North American Purebred Registry, Inc. American Canine Association, Inc. Australian National Kennel Council Continental Kennel Club National Kennel Club New Zealand Kennel Club United Kennel Club German Shepherd Dog Club Of America
Price $600-$800 $1000-$1500 $800-$2000

General Appearance - Border Collie vs Poodle vs German Shepherd

Size Large Medium Large
Weight Male: 30-45 pounds (14-20 kg), Female: 27-42 pounds (12-19 kg) Male: 45-70 pounds (20-32 kg), Female: 45-60 pounds (20-27 kg) Male: 66-88 pounds (30-40 kg), Female: 49-71 pounds (22-32 kg)
Avg. Weight Male: 37.5 pounds (17 kg), Female: 34.5 pounds (15.5 kg) Male: 57.5 pounds (26 kg), Female: 52.5 pounds (23.5 kg) Male: 77 pounds (35 kg), Female: 60 pounds (27 kg)
Height Male: 19-22 inches (48-56 cm), Female: 18-21 inches (46-53 cm) 15 inches (38 cm) or more Male: 24-26 inches (60-65 cm), Female: 22-24 inches (55-60 cm)
Avg. Height Male: 20.5 inches (52 cm), Female: 19.5 inches (49.5 cm) 15 inches (38 cm) or more Male: 25 inches (62.5 cm), Female: 23 inches (57.5 cm)

Hair & Care - Border Collie vs Poodle vs German Shepherd

Coat Dense Feathered Straight Short Moderately Long Curly Fuzzy
Colors Black & White Tricolor Tan Blue merle Blue merle-tricolor Slate merle Red merle Black Brindle Gold Lilac Red Sable Sable Merle Saddleback Sable White & Blue White & Blue Merle White & Red White & Red Merle White Ticked Seal Slate White & Gold White & Sable White & Seal Apricot Brown Gray Silver White Fawn Blue Cream Red Beige Black Silver Tan Red Black
Grooming
Average: The Border Collie requires average grooming effort.
Professional: This breed needs a lot of work to keep in good condition.
Average: The German Shepherd requires average grooming effort.
Shedding Level
Border Collies shed moderately.
Poodles shed none to minimal.
German Shepherds are heavy shedders.

Characteristics - Border Collie vs Poodle vs German Shepherd

Temperament Intelligent Alert Tenacious Protective Energetic Responsive Loyal Active Faithful Intelligent Alert Instinctual Trainable Alert Courageous Intelligent Obedient Confident Curious Loyal Watchful
Intelligent Rank
Outstanding: Border Collie is one of the brightest dog breeds.
Outstanding: Poodle is one of the brightest dog breeds.
Outstanding: German Shepherd is one of the brightest dog breeds.
Trainability
Border Collies are easy to train.
Poodles are easy to train.
German Shepherds are easy to train.
Playfulness
The Border Collie is a highly playful breed.
The Poodle is a playful breed.
German Shepherds, like any other dog breed, like playing.
Sensitivity Level
Border Collies don't like an irregular daily routine, noisy household and frequent guest visits.
They are a little bit more sensitive than other dog breeds.
German Shepherds don't like an irregular daily routine, noisy household and frequent guest visits.
Affection Level
Border Collies are genuinely loyal, soft and gentle, loving and affectionate dogs toward their handlers.
Poodles are genuinely loyal, soft and gentle, loving and affectionate dogs toward their handlers.
German Shepherds are genuinely loyal, soft and gentle, loving and affectionate dogs toward their handlers.
Social Needs
Border Collies need a lot of social interaction.
Poodles need a lot of social interaction.
German Shepherds need for social interaction is average.
Barking
Low to Average: The Border Collie rarely barks.
Average to high: The Poodle is a vocal breed.
Low to Average: The German Shepherd rarely barks.
Watchdog Ability
Border Collies are one of the best watchdogs.
Poodles are good watchdogs.
German Shepherds are one of the best watchdogs.
Territorial
Border Collies are extremely protective guard dogs.
Poodles strongly protect their territory.
German Shepherds are extremely protective guard dogs.
Biting Potential Low
The Border Collie has a low chance of biting somebody.
Low
The Poodle has a low chance of biting somebody.
High
The German Shepherd has a high chance of biting somebody.
Mouthiness
Border Collies have a strong tendency to nip, chew, play-bite, or herd people.
Poodles have a higher than average tendency to nip, chew, play-bite, or herd people.
German Shepherds have a strong tendency to nip, chew, play-bite, or herd people.
Impulse to Wander or Roam
Border Collies have average wanderlust potential.
Poodles have average wanderlust potential.
German Shepherds are not the biggest explorers.
Prey Drive
Border Collies have an average prey drive, which means that they don't have a high impulse to chase and catch something like a cat or any other small aminals, but it might happen.
Poodles have low to an average impulse to chase and catch something like a cat or any other small aminals.
German Shepherds have a higher impulse to chase and catch something than other dog breeds.
Apartment Friendly
Border Collies are not recommended for an apartment lifestyle.
Poodles are very apartment-friendly dogs.
German Shepherds are not the best choice for an apartment lifestyle, but they don't mind being inside if you walk them several times every day.
Adaptability
Border Collies adapt very well to lifestyle changes and basically all living environments.
Poodles adapt very well to lifestyle changes and basically all living environments.
German Shepherds adapt very well to lifestyle changes and basically all living environments.
Tolerates Being Left Alone
Border Collies tend to have separation anxiety when their owners left them alone at home because they bond very closely with them.
Poodles tend to have separation anxiety when their owners left them alone at home because they bond very closely with them.
Just like every puppy, they are prone to panic, cry, bark, whine when they left alone by their owner.
Fighting Dog Not really
In history, this breed was not really used for combat dog.
Not really
In history, this breed was not really used for combat dog.
Yes
In history, this breed was unfortunately used for combat dog.

Good With - Border Collie vs Poodle vs German Shepherd

Stranger Friendly
Border Collies are average friendly towards strangers.
Poodles are stranger friendly dogs.
German Shepherds are stranger friendly dogs.
Child Friendly
Border Collies are very kid-friendly dogs.
Poodles are very kid-friendly dogs.
German Shepherds are very kid-friendly dogs.
Cat Friendly
Border Collies are average friendly towards cats.
Poodles are cat-friendly dogs.
German Shepherds are average friendly towards cats.
Dog Friendly
Border Collies are average friendly towards other dogs.
Poodles are dog-friendly dogs.
German Shepherds are not the most dog-friendly dogs.
Office Friendly No
Border Collie is not the best dog breed for office environment.
No
Poodle is not the best dog breed for office environment.
No
German Shepherd is not the best dog breed for office environment.
Senior Citizens Friendly
Border Collies are one of the best breeds for elderly people.
Poodles are one of the best breeds for elderly people.
German Shepherds are one of the best breeds for elderly people.
Pet Friendly
Border Collies are generally with other pets.
Poodles are usually friendly towards other pets.
German Shepherds are generally with other pets.
Good For First Time Owners No
Border Collies are not good for novice owners, due to their stubborn personality.
No
Poodles are not good for novice owners, due to their stubborn personality.
No
German Shepherds are not good for novice owners, due to their stubborn personality.
Service Dog Yes
This breed makes good as a service dog.
Yes
This breed makes good as a service dog.
Yes
This breed makes good as a service dog.
Therapy Dog Yes
This breed makes a perfect therapy dog.
Yes
This breed makes a perfect therapy dog.
Yes
This breed makes a perfect therapy dog.
Detection Dog or Sniffer Dog Yes
A detection dog or sniffer dog is a dog that is trained to use its senses (mostly its smell) to detect substances such as explosives, illegal drugs, wildlife scat, currency, blood, and contraband electronics such as illicit mobile phones.
Not really
A detection dog or sniffer dog is a dog that is trained to use its senses (mostly its smell) to detect substances such as explosives, illegal drugs, wildlife scat, currency, blood, and contraband electronics such as illicit mobile phones.
Yes
A detection dog or sniffer dog is a dog that is trained to use its senses (mostly its smell) to detect substances such as explosives, illegal drugs, wildlife scat, currency, blood, and contraband electronics such as illicit mobile phones.
Search and Rescue Dog (SAR) Yes
The use of dogs in search and rescue (SAR) is a valuable component in wilderness tracking, natural disasters, mass casualty events, and in locating missing people.
Not really
The use of dogs in search and rescue (SAR) is a valuable component in wilderness tracking, natural disasters, mass casualty events, and in locating missing people.
Yes
The use of dogs in search and rescue (SAR) is a valuable component in wilderness tracking, natural disasters, mass casualty events, and in locating missing people.
Boat Dog Not really
Border Collie breed usually doesn't like being on a boat.
Yes
Poodle breed usually likes being on a boat.
Not really
German Shepherd breed usually doesn't like being on a boat.
Cart Pulling or Drafting Dog Not really
A drafting dog or draft dog is a dog bred and used for cart pulling.
Not really
A drafting dog or draft dog is a dog bred and used for cart pulling.
Not really
A drafting dog or draft dog is a dog bred and used for cart pulling.

Health Factors - Border Collie vs Poodle vs German Shepherd

Health Issues
The Border Collie is a healthy breed, but there are certain health issues that you should check with your vet regularly.
The Poodle is a healthy breed, but there are certain health issues that you should check with your vet regularly.
German Shepherds are commonly healthy dogs.
Health Problems Allergies Collie Eye Anomaly Epilepsy Hip Dysplasia Osteochondrosis Dissecans Progressive retinal atrophy (PRA) Addison's Disease Allergies Bloat Canine Atrial Septal Defect (asd) Cataracts Cushing's Syndrome Ear Infections Epilepsy Hip Dysplasia Hypothyroidism Legg-perthes Disease Neonatal Encephalopathy (news) Optic Nerve Hypoplasia Patellar Luxation Premature Graying Progressive retinal atrophy (PRA) Runny Eyes Sebaceous Adenitis Von Willebrand's Disease Allergies Blindness Bloat Cancer Cataracts Cherry Eye Chronic Diarrhea Cruciate Ligament Rupture Cushing's Syndrome Degenerative Myelopathy Demodectic Mange Diabetes Digestive Problems Elbow Dysplasia Epilepsy Exocrine Pancreatic Insufficiency Heart Disease Hemophilia A Hemophilia B Hip Dysplasia Hypertrophic Osteodystrophy Lens Luxation Lupus Megaesophagus Myasthenia Gravis Nail Bed Disease Osteochondrosis Pannus Panosteitis Paralysis Perianal Fistula Progressive retinal atrophy (PRA) Retinal Dysplasia Seborrhea Vitiligo Von Willebrand's Disease Wobbler's Syndrome
Life Expectancy 12-15 years 12-15 years 10-13 years
Hypoallergenic No Yes No
Energy Level
Border Collies are high energy dogs.
Poodles have a higher energy level than other dog breeds.
German Shepherds are high energy dogs.
Exercise Need
Border Collies need a lot of exercises.
Poodles need quite a lot of exercise.
German Shepherds need quite a lot of exercise.
Sleeping Need
Border Collies don't need too much sleep.
Poodles are quite energetic dogs and they don't spend to much time with sleeping.
German Shepherds don't need too much sleep.
Avg. daily food consumption 1.5 to 2 cups of high-quality dry food a day, divided into two or three meals. 2 to 3 cups of high-quality dry food a day, divided into two meals. 3 to 4 cups of high-quality dry food a day, divided into two meals.
Weight Gain Potential
Average.
Average to High.
Low to Average.
Weather & Climate Prefers average to cold weather conditions
The Border Collie can adapt to well to cold weather conditions, some dogs even can be a good mountain dog.
Tolerates warm and cold weather. Tolerates warm and cold weather.
Stinkiness Medium
The Border Collie has an average chance of bad smell.
Medium
The Poodle has an average chance of bad smell.
Medium
The German Shepherd has an average chance of bad smell.
Drooling tendency
The Border Collie is a perfect example for very low drooling tendency.
The Poodle is a perfect example for very low drooling tendency.
The German Shepherd is a perfect example for very low drooling tendency.

Reproducibility - Border Collie vs Poodle vs German Shepherd

Gestation Length 60-64 days 60-64 days 60-64 days
How often can the have a litter? Once a year.
More frequent breeding is not healthy.
Once a year.
More frequent breeding is not healthy.
Once a year.
More frequent breeding is not healthy.
Litter Size 4-8 puppies 2-4 puppies 6-10 puppies

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