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Border Terrier vs Border Collie vs German Shepherd – Which one is a better dog breed for you?

"Find similarities and differences between Border Terrier vs Border Collie vs German Shepherd" Compare Border Terrier and Border Collie. Which is better: Border Terrier or Border Collie or German Shepherd?
Name Border Terrier Border Collie German Shepherd
OriginsEngland Scotland England Scotland Wales Germany
Group Hunting Dogs Pastoral Dogs (Herding Dogs) Pastoral Dogs (Herding Dogs)
Popularity Rank92382
Reviews084
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Other Names Russian Bear Schnauzer, Munich Schnauzer, Munchener, Riesenschnauzer Scotch Sheep Dog, Sheepdog Alsatian, Berger Allemand, Alsatian wolf dog (UK), Deutscher Schäferhund, Schäferhund
Breed Type Purebred Purebred Purebred
AKC Group Not recognized by the American Kennel Club. Recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1995 as a Herding breed. Recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1908 as a Herding breed.
FCI Group Recognized by FCI in the Terriers group, in the Large and medium sized Terriers section. Recognized by FCI in the Sheepdogs and Cattledogs (except Swiss Cattledogs) group, in the Sheepdogs section. Recognized by FCI in the Sheepdogs and Cattledogs (except Swiss Cattledogs) group, in the Sheepdogs section.
Breed Recognition American Canine Registry American Kennel Club America's Pet Registry Canadian Kennel Club Dog Registry of America Inc. Federation Cynologique Internationale Kennel Club of Great Britain North American Purebred Registry, Inc. American Canine Association, Inc. Australian National Kennel Council Continental Kennel Club National Kennel Club New Zealand Kennel Club United Kennel Club Border Terrier Club Of America, Inc. Club Espanol De Terriers American Canine Registry American Kennel Club America's Pet Registry Dog Registry of America Inc. Federation Cynologique Internationale Kennel Club of Great Britain North American Purebred Registry, Inc. American Canine Association, Inc. Australian National Kennel Council Continental Kennel Club National Kennel Club New Zealand Kennel Club United Kennel Club The American Int. Border Collie Registry The American Border Collie Association American Canine Registry American Kennel Club America's Pet Registry Canadian Kennel Club Dog Registry of America Inc. Federation Cynologique Internationale Kennel Club of Great Britain North American Purebred Registry, Inc. American Canine Association, Inc. Australian National Kennel Council Continental Kennel Club National Kennel Club New Zealand Kennel Club United Kennel Club German Shepherd Dog Club Of America
Price $1200-$1400 $600-$800 $800-$2000

General Appearance - Border Terrier vs Border Collie vs German Shepherd

Size Small Large Large
Weight Males 13-16 pounds (6-7 kg), Female: 11-14 pounds (5-6 kg) Male: 30-45 pounds (14-20 kg), Female: 27-42 pounds (12-19 kg) Male: 66-88 pounds (30-40 kg), Female: 49-71 pounds (22-32 kg)
Avg. Weight Males 14.5 pounds (6.5 kg), Female: 12.5 pounds (5.5 kg) Male: 37.5 pounds (17 kg), Female: 34.5 pounds (15.5 kg) Male: 77 pounds (35 kg), Female: 60 pounds (27 kg)
Height Male: 13-16 inches (33-41 cm), Female: 11-14 inches (28-36 cm) Male: 19-22 inches (48-56 cm), Female: 18-21 inches (46-53 cm) Male: 24-26 inches (60-65 cm), Female: 22-24 inches (55-60 cm)
Avg. Height Male: 14.5 inches (37 cm), Female: 12.5 inches (32 cm) Male: 20.5 inches (52 cm), Female: 19.5 inches (49.5 cm) Male: 25 inches (62.5 cm), Female: 23 inches (57.5 cm)

Hair & Care - Border Terrier vs Border Collie vs German Shepherd

Coat Rough Dense Feathered Straight Short Moderately Long Fuzzy
Colors Blue Tan Red Grizzle Wheaten Black & White Tricolor Tan Blue merle Blue merle-tricolor Slate merle Red merle Black Brindle Gold Lilac Red Sable Sable Merle Saddleback Sable White & Blue White & Blue Merle White & Red White & Red Merle White Ticked Seal Slate White & Gold White & Sable White & Seal Silver Tan Red Black
Grooming
Average: The Border Terrier requires average grooming effort.
Average: The Border Collie requires average grooming effort.
Average: The German Shepherd requires average grooming effort.
Shedding Level
Border Terriers shed none to minimal.
Border Collies shed moderately.
German Shepherds are heavy shedders.

Characteristics - Border Terrier vs Border Collie vs German Shepherd

Temperament Affectionate Outright Tempered Intelligent Alert Fearless Obedient Intelligent Alert Tenacious Protective Energetic Responsive Loyal Alert Courageous Intelligent Obedient Confident Curious Loyal Watchful
Intelligent Rank
Smart: Border Terrier's has great intelligence.
Outstanding: Border Collie is one of the brightest dog breeds.
Outstanding: German Shepherd is one of the brightest dog breeds.
Trainability
Border Terriers are easy to train.
Border Collies are easy to train.
German Shepherds are easy to train.
Playfulness
Border Terriers, like any other dog breed, like playing.
The Border Collie is a highly playful breed.
German Shepherds, like any other dog breed, like playing.
Sensitivity Level
Border Terriers have an average emotional level and are not the most sensitive dog breed.
Border Collies don't like an irregular daily routine, noisy household and frequent guest visits.
German Shepherds don't like an irregular daily routine, noisy household and frequent guest visits.
Affection Level
Border Terriers are genuinely loyal, soft and gentle, loving and affectionate dogs toward their handlers.
Border Collies are genuinely loyal, soft and gentle, loving and affectionate dogs toward their handlers.
German Shepherds are genuinely loyal, soft and gentle, loving and affectionate dogs toward their handlers.
Social Needs
Border Terriers need for social interaction is average.
Border Collies need a lot of social interaction.
German Shepherds need for social interaction is average.
Barking
Average to high: The Border Terrier is a vocal breed.
Low to Average: The Border Collie rarely barks.
Low to Average: The German Shepherd rarely barks.
Watchdog Ability
Border Terriers are good watchdogs.
Border Collies are one of the best watchdogs.
German Shepherds are one of the best watchdogs.
Territorial
Border Terriers are extremely protective guard dogs.
Border Collies are extremely protective guard dogs.
German Shepherds are extremely protective guard dogs.
Biting Potential Low
The Border Terrier has a low chance of biting somebody.
Low
The Border Collie has a low chance of biting somebody.
High
The German Shepherd has a high chance of biting somebody.
Mouthiness
Border Terriers have a strong tendency to nip, chew, play-bite, or herd people.
Border Collies have a strong tendency to nip, chew, play-bite, or herd people.
German Shepherds have a strong tendency to nip, chew, play-bite, or herd people.
Impulse to Wander or Roam
Wanderlust potential of the Border Terrier is strong enough to escape from home.
Border Collies have average wanderlust potential.
German Shepherds are not the biggest explorers.
Prey Drive
Border Terriers have a high impulse to chase and catch something.
Border Collies have an average prey drive, which means that they don't have a high impulse to chase and catch something like a cat or any other small aminals, but it might happen.
German Shepherds have a higher impulse to chase and catch something than other dog breeds.
Apartment Friendly
Border Terriers are very apartment-friendly dogs.
Border Collies are not recommended for an apartment lifestyle.
German Shepherds are not the best choice for an apartment lifestyle, but they don't mind being inside if you walk them several times every day.
Adaptability
Border Terriers adapt very well to lifestyle changes and basically all living environments.
Border Collies adapt very well to lifestyle changes and basically all living environments.
German Shepherds adapt very well to lifestyle changes and basically all living environments.
Tolerates Being Left Alone
Just like every puppy, they are prone to panic, cry, bark, whine when they left alone by their owner.
Border Collies tend to have separation anxiety when their owners left them alone at home because they bond very closely with them.
Just like every puppy, they are prone to panic, cry, bark, whine when they left alone by their owner.
Fighting Dog Not really
In history, this breed was not really used for combat dog.
Not really
In history, this breed was not really used for combat dog.
Yes
In history, this breed was unfortunately used for combat dog.

Good With - Border Terrier vs Border Collie vs German Shepherd

Stranger Friendly
Border Terriers are not the most stranger friendly dogs.
Border Collies are average friendly towards strangers.
German Shepherds are stranger friendly dogs.
Child Friendly
Border Terriers are very kid-friendly dogs.
Border Collies are very kid-friendly dogs.
German Shepherds are very kid-friendly dogs.
Cat Friendly
Border Terriers are not the most cat-friendly dogs.
Border Collies are average friendly towards cats.
German Shepherds are average friendly towards cats.
Dog Friendly
Border Terriers are not the most dog-friendly dogs.
Border Collies are average friendly towards other dogs.
German Shepherds are not the most dog-friendly dogs.
Office Friendly No
Border Terrier is not the best dog breed for office environment.
No
Border Collie is not the best dog breed for office environment.
No
German Shepherd is not the best dog breed for office environment.
Senior Citizens Friendly
Border Terriers are one of the best breeds for elderly people.
Border Collies are one of the best breeds for elderly people.
German Shepherds are one of the best breeds for elderly people.
Pet Friendly
Border Terriers usually don’t get on well with other pets.
Border Collies are generally with other pets.
German Shepherds are generally with other pets.
Good For First Time Owners Yes
Border Terriers are good for novice owners, due to their easy-going personality.
No
Border Collies are not good for novice owners, due to their stubborn personality.
No
German Shepherds are not good for novice owners, due to their stubborn personality.
Service Dog Not really
This breed generally not used as a service dog.
Yes
This breed makes good as a service dog.
Yes
This breed makes good as a service dog.
Therapy Dog Not really
This breed generally not used as a therapy dog.
Yes
This breed makes a perfect therapy dog.
Yes
This breed makes a perfect therapy dog.
Detection Dog or Sniffer Dog Not really
A detection dog or sniffer dog is a dog that is trained to use its senses (mostly its smell) to detect substances such as explosives, illegal drugs, wildlife scat, currency, blood, and contraband electronics such as illicit mobile phones.
Yes
A detection dog or sniffer dog is a dog that is trained to use its senses (mostly its smell) to detect substances such as explosives, illegal drugs, wildlife scat, currency, blood, and contraband electronics such as illicit mobile phones.
Yes
A detection dog or sniffer dog is a dog that is trained to use its senses (mostly its smell) to detect substances such as explosives, illegal drugs, wildlife scat, currency, blood, and contraband electronics such as illicit mobile phones.
Search and Rescue Dog (SAR) Not really
The use of dogs in search and rescue (SAR) is a valuable component in wilderness tracking, natural disasters, mass casualty events, and in locating missing people.
Yes
The use of dogs in search and rescue (SAR) is a valuable component in wilderness tracking, natural disasters, mass casualty events, and in locating missing people.
Yes
The use of dogs in search and rescue (SAR) is a valuable component in wilderness tracking, natural disasters, mass casualty events, and in locating missing people.
Boat Dog Not really
Border Terrier breed usually doesn't like being on a boat.
Not really
Border Collie breed usually doesn't like being on a boat.
Not really
German Shepherd breed usually doesn't like being on a boat.
Cart Pulling or Drafting Dog Not really
A drafting dog or draft dog is a dog bred and used for cart pulling.
Not really
A drafting dog or draft dog is a dog bred and used for cart pulling.
Not really
A drafting dog or draft dog is a dog bred and used for cart pulling.

Health Factors - Border Terrier vs Border Collie vs German Shepherd

Health Issues
The Border Terrier is a healthy breed, but there are certain health issues that you should check with your vet regularly.
The Border Collie is a healthy breed, but there are certain health issues that you should check with your vet regularly.
German Shepherds are commonly healthy dogs.
Health Problems Cryptorchidism Heart Murmurs Hip Dysplasia Hypothyroidism Malocclusions Patellar Luxation Pulmonic Stenosis Seizures Allergies Collie Eye Anomaly Epilepsy Hip Dysplasia Osteochondrosis Dissecans Progressive retinal atrophy (PRA) Allergies Blindness Bloat Cancer Cataracts Cherry Eye Chronic Diarrhea Cruciate Ligament Rupture Cushing's Syndrome Degenerative Myelopathy Demodectic Mange Diabetes Digestive Problems Elbow Dysplasia Epilepsy Exocrine Pancreatic Insufficiency Heart Disease Hemophilia A Hemophilia B Hip Dysplasia Hypertrophic Osteodystrophy Lens Luxation Lupus Megaesophagus Myasthenia Gravis Nail Bed Disease Osteochondrosis Pannus Panosteitis Paralysis Perianal Fistula Progressive retinal atrophy (PRA) Retinal Dysplasia Seborrhea Vitiligo Von Willebrand's Disease Wobbler's Syndrome
Life Expectancy 12-15 years 12-15 years 10-13 years
Hypoallergenic Yes No No
Energy Level
Border Terriers have a higher energy level than other dog breeds.
Border Collies are high energy dogs.
German Shepherds are high energy dogs.
Exercise Need
Border Terriers have an average exercise need.
Border Collies need a lot of exercises.
German Shepherds need quite a lot of exercise.
Sleeping Need
Border Terriers are quite energetic dogs and they don't spend to much time with sleeping.
Border Collies don't need too much sleep.
German Shepherds don't need too much sleep.
Avg. daily food consumption 1 to 1.5 cups of high-quality dry food a day, divided into two meals. 1.5 to 2 cups of high-quality dry food a day, divided into two or three meals. 3 to 4 cups of high-quality dry food a day, divided into two meals.
Weight Gain Potential
High: The Border Terrier breed has a strong tendency to overweight.
Average.
Low to Average.
Weather & Climate Prefers average to cold weather conditions
The Border Terrier can adapt to well to cold weather conditions, some dogs even can be a good mountain dog.
Prefers average to cold weather conditions
The Border Collie can adapt to well to cold weather conditions, some dogs even can be a good mountain dog.
Tolerates warm and cold weather.
Stinkiness Medium
The Border Terrier has an average chance of bad smell.
Medium
The Border Collie has an average chance of bad smell.
Medium
The German Shepherd has an average chance of bad smell.
Drooling tendency
The Border Terrier is a perfect example for very low drooling tendency.
The Border Collie is a perfect example for very low drooling tendency.
The German Shepherd is a perfect example for very low drooling tendency.

Reproducibility - Border Terrier vs Border Collie vs German Shepherd

Gestation Length 60-64 days 60-64 days 60-64 days
How often can the have a litter? Once a year.
More frequent breeding is not healthy.
Once a year.
More frequent breeding is not healthy.
Once a year.
More frequent breeding is not healthy.
Litter Size 2-8 puppies 4-8 puppies 6-10 puppies

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