German Shepherd vs Bernese Mountain Dog vs Border Collie Comparison - Dog breed selector: Alsatian wolf dog or Berner or Sheepdog? Find the right dog for you

"Find similarities and differences between German Shepherd vs Bernese Mountain Dog vs Border Collie" Compare German Shepherd and Bernese Mountain Dog. Which is better: German Shepherd or Bernese Mountain Dog or Border Collie?
 
 
 
Name German Shepherd Bernese Mountain Dog Border Collie
OriginsGermany flagGermany Switzerland flagSwitzerland England flagEngland Scotland flagScotland Wales flagWales
Group Pastoral / Herding Dogs Working Dogs Pastoral / Herding Dogs
Popularity Rank22538
Reviews13512
User Ratings

Other Names
What other names do they have?
Alsatian wolf dog
Berger Allemand
Deutscher Schäferhund
Schäferhund
Alsatian
Berner
Bernese Cattle Dog
Berner Sennenhund
Sheepdog
Scotch Sheep Dog
Breed Type
Which dog is purebred or crossbreed? German Shepherd vs Bernese Mountain Dog vs Border Collie breed type comparison:
Purebred Purebred Purebred

German Shepherd vs Bernese Mountain Dog vs Border Collie Price and Availability Comparison

Price
Which is cheaper, German Shepherd or Bernese Mountain Dog or Border Collie? Which is more expensive?
$800-$2000 $800-$1000 $600-$800
Availability
Which is easier to get, German Shepherd or Bernese Mountain Dog or Border Collie?
Very frequent: The German Shepherd is quite easy to get.
Very frequent: The Bernese Mountain Dog is quite easy to get.
Very frequent: The Border Collie is quite easy to get.

German Shepherd vs Bernese Mountain Dog vs Border Collie Size Comparison

Size
Which is bigger, German Shepherd or Bernese Mountain Dog or Border Collie? Which is the smallest dog, German Shepherd or Bernese Mountain Dog or Border Collie?
Large Large Large
Weight
Which is heavier, German Shepherd or Bernese Mountain Dog or Bernese Mountain Dog? German Shepherd vs Bernese Mountain Dog vs Border Collie weight comparison:
Male: 66-88 pounds (30-40 kg), Female: 49-71 pounds (22-32 kg) Male: 85-110 pounds (38–50 kg), Female: 80-105 pounds (36–48 kg) Male: 30-45 pounds (14-20 kg), Female: 27-42 pounds (12-19 kg)
Average Weight
Which dog has a smaller / higher average weight?
Male: 77 pounds (35 kg), Female: 60 pounds (27 kg) Male: 97.5 pounds (38–50 kg), Female: 92.5 pounds (36–48 kg) Male: 37.5 pounds (17 kg), Female: 34.5 pounds (15.5 kg)
Height
Which is taller, German Shepherd or Bernese Mountain Dog or Border Collie? German Shepherd vs Bernese Mountain Dog vs Border Collie height comparison:
Male: 24-26 inches (60-65 cm), Female: 22-24 inches (55-60 cm) Male: 24-28 inches (61–71 cm), Female: 23-27 inches (58–69 cm) Male: 19-22 inches (48-56 cm), Female: 18-21 inches (46-53 cm)
Average Height
Which dog has a smaller / higher average height?
Male: 25 inches (62.5 cm), Female: 23 inches (57.5 cm) Male: 26 inches (61–71 cm), Female: 25 inches (58–69 cm) Male: 20.5 inches (52 cm), Female: 19.5 inches (49.5 cm)

German Shepherd vs Bernese Mountain Dog vs Border Collie Grooming, Hair and Care Comparison

Coat / Hair Types
What type of coat/fur do they have? German Shepherd vs Bernese Mountain Dog vs Border Collie coat comparison:
Fuzzy Dense Dense
Feathered
Straight
Short
Moderately Long
Colors
What are the original German Shepherd, Bernese Mountain Dog and Border Collie color?
Silver
Tan
Red
Black
White
Black
Black & White
Tricolor
Tan
Blue merle
Blue merle-tricolor
Slate merle
Red merle
Black
Brindle
Gold
Lilac
Red
Sable
Sable Merle
Saddleback Sable
White & Blue
White & Blue Merle
White & Red
White & Red Merle
White Ticked
Seal
Slate
White & Gold
White & Sable
White & Seal
Grooming
Which dog is easy to maintain, German Shepherd or Bernese Mountain Dog or Border Collie? German Shepherd vs Bernese Mountain Dog vs Border Collie grooming comparison:
Average: The German Shepherd requires average grooming effort.
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Average: The Bernese Mountain Dog requires average grooming effort.
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Average: The Border Collie requires average grooming effort.
See more.
Shedding Level
Who sheds more German Shepherd or Bernese Mountain Dog or Border Collie? German Shepherd or Bernese Mountain Dog or {name3 shedding:
German Shepherd dogs are heavy shedders.
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Bernese Mountain Dog dogs shed above average.
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Border Collie dogs shed moderately.
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Bath Time / Bathing Frequency
Which dog should be bathed more: German Shepherd or Bernese Mountain Dog or Border Collie?
8-12 weeks
Very rarely. Bathing your dog is beneficial to them in more ways than just one.
See more.
4-6 weeks
Average. Experts recommended at least every 4-6 weeks for this family pup.
See more.
6-8 weeks
Rarely. Bathing your dog is beneficial to them in more ways than just one.
See more.

German Shepherd vs Bernese Mountain Dog vs Border Collie Personality / Temperament Comparison

Temperament
Which one has a better personality? Which is a better family dog, German Shepherd or Bernese Mountain Dog or Border Collie? German Shepherd vs Bernese Mountain Dog vs Border Collie behavior/temperament comparison:
Alert
Courageous
Intelligent
Obedient
Confident
Curious
Loyal
Watchful
Affectionate
Intelligent
Faithful
Loyal
Intelligent
Alert
Tenacious
Protective
Energetic
Responsive
Loyal
Intelligent Rank
Which is the smarter dog? Which is best? German Shepherd vs Bernese Mountain Dog vs Border Collie intelligence:
Outstanding: German Shepherd is one of the brightest dog breeds.
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Very smart: Bernese Mountain Dog is an excellent dog breed.
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Outstanding: Border Collie is one of the brightest dog breeds.
See more.
Trainability
German Shepherd vs Bernese Mountain Dog vs Border Collie trainability comparison.
German Shepherd dogs are easy to train.
See more.
Bernese Mountain Dog dogs are easy to train.
See more.
Border Collie dogs are easy to train.
See more.
Playfulness
German Shepherd vs Bernese Mountain Dog vs Border Collie playfulness comparison:
Average: German Shepherds, like any other dog breed, like playing.
See more.
Average: Bernese Mountain Dogs, like any other dog breed, like playing.
See more.
The Border Collie is a highly playful breed.
See more.
Sensitivity Level
Which dog is more sensitive? What's the difference?
Sensitive: German Shepherd dogs don't like an irregular daily routine, noisy household, and frequent guest visits.
See more.
They are a little bit more sensitive than other dog breeds.
See more.
Sensitive: Border Collie dogs don't like an irregular daily routine, noisy household, and frequent guest visits.
See more.
Affection Level
Which is the more affectionate dog breed: German Shepherd vs Bernese Mountain Dog vs Border Collie?
High: German Shepherd dogs are genuinely loyal, soft and gentle, loving, and affectionate dogs toward their handlers.
See more.
Average: Bernese Mountain Dog dogs are average dogs regarding their affection level.
See more.
High: Border Collie dogs are genuinely loyal, soft and gentle, loving, and affectionate dogs toward their handlers.
See more.
Social Needs
German Shepherd vs Bernese Mountain Dog vs Border Collie social needs comparison:
German Shepherd dogs need for social interaction is average.
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Bernese Mountain Dog dogs need for social interaction is average.
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Border Collie dogs need a lot of social interaction.
See more.
Barking
Which dog barks more/less: German Shepherd vs Bernese Mountain Dog vs Border Collie?
Low to Average: The German Shepherd rarely barks.
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Average: The Bernese Mountain Dog barks occasionally.
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Low to Average: The Border Collie rarely barks.
See more.
Watchdog Ability
Which is the better watchdog: German Shepherd or Bernese Mountain Dog or Border Collie?
German Shepherd dogs are one of the best watchdogs.
See more.
Bernese Mountain Dog dogs are one of the best watchdogs.
See more.
Border Collie dogs are one of the best watchdogs.
See more.
Guarding Behavior / Territorial
Which is a better guard dog German Shepherd or Bernese Mountain Dog or Border Collie? Which dog is most likely to protect its owner? Which is the best dog to use for protection?
German Shepherd dogs are extremely protective guard dogs.
See more.
Bernese Mountain Dog dogs are extremely protective guard dogs.
See more.
Border Collie dogs are extremely protective guard dogs.
See more.
Biting Potential
Which breed of dog is most likely to bite? Biting potential comparison:

High 🔼

The German Shepherd has a high chance of biting somebody.

Low 🔽

The Bernese Mountain Dog has a low chance of biting somebody.

Low 🔽

The Border Collie has a low chance of biting somebody.
Bite Force
Which bite is stronger: German Shepherd or Bernese Mountain Dog or Border Collie?

Between 200 and 400 PSI

German Shepherd bite force: Ordinary.

Between 200 and 400 PSI

Bernese Mountain Dog bite force: Ordinary.

Between 200 and 400 PSI

Border Collie bite force: Ordinary.
Mouthiness
Which is the better dog? German Shepherd vs Bernese Mountain Dog vs Border Collie mouthiness comparison:
German Shepherd dogs have a strong tendency to nip, chew, playbite, or herd people.
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Bernese Mountain Dog dogs have a strong tendency to nip, chew, playbite, or herd people.
See more.
Border Collie dogs have a strong tendency to nip, chew, playbite, or herd people.
See more.
Impulse to Wander or Roam
Which dog has a greater roaming instinct?
German Shepherd dogs are not the biggest explorers.
See more.
Bernese Mountain Dog dogs have average wanderlust potential.
See more.
Border Collie dogs have average wanderlust potential.
See more.
Prey Drive
Which dog has a higher prey drive? Which can be better for hunting?
German Shepherd dogs have a higher impulse to chase and catch something than other dog breeds.
See more.
Bernese Mountain Dog dogs have a high impulse to chase and catch something.
See more.
Border Collie dogs have an average prey drive, which means that they don't have a high impulse to chase and catch something like a cat or any other small aminals, but it might happen.
See more.
Apartment Friendly
Which dog is more apartment friendly German Shepherd or Bernese Mountain Dog or Border Collie?
It is not the best choice if you want to keep them indoors, however, with careful exercise and several walks a day, they will tolerate the indoor environment, so it is possible to keep German Shepherd indoors.
It is not recommended to keep the Bernese Mountain Dog breed in the home.
It is not recommended to keep the Border Collie breed in the home.
Adaptability
Which dog has a higher adaptability potential? Which is the better dog?
German Shepherd dogs adapt very well to lifestyle changes and basically all living environments.
Average: Bernese Mountain Dog dogs adapt to lifestyle changes and different living environments quite okay usually.
Border Collie dogs adapt very well to lifestyle changes and basically all living environments.
Tolerates Being Left Alone
Which dog can be left alone: German Shepherd or Bernese Mountain Dog or Border Collie?
Just like every puppy, they are prone to panic, cry, bark, whine when they left alone by their owner.
Just like every puppy, they are prone to panic, cry, bark, whine when they left alone by their owner.
Border Collies tend to have separation anxiety when their owners left them alone at home because they bond very closely with them.

German Shepherd vs Bernese Mountain Dog vs Border Collie Good With Comparison

Stranger Friendly
Which dog is more stranger friendly German Shepherd or Bernese Mountain Dog or Border Collie? Which dog is more friendly?
German Shepherd dogs are stranger-friendly dogs.
Bernese Mountain Dog dogs are average friendly towards strangers.
Border Collie dogs are average friendly towards strangers.
Pet Friendly
Which dog breeds get along well with other animals/pets?
German Shepherds are generally with other pets.
Bernese Mountain Dogs are generally with other pets.
Border Collies are generally with other pets.
Child Friendly
Which dog is more child/kid friendly German Shepherd or Bernese Mountain Dog or Border Collie?
German Shepherd dogs are very kid-friendly dogs.
Bernese Mountain Dog dogs are kid-friendly dogs.
Border Collie dogs are very kid-friendly dogs.
Cat Friendly
Which dog is more cat friendly German Shepherd or Bernese Mountain Dog or Border Collie?
German Shepherd dogs are average friendly towards cats.
Bernese Mountain Dog dogs are average friendly towards cats.
Border Collie dogs are average friendly towards cats.
Dog Friendly
Which dog is more dog friendly German Shepherd or Bernese Mountain Dog or Border Collie?
German Shepherd dogs are not the most dog-friendly dogs.
Bernese Mountain Dog dogs are average friendly towards other dogs.
Border Collie dogs are average friendly towards other dogs.
Good For First Time Owners
Which dog is good for the first-time owners: German Shepherd vs Bernese Mountain Dog vs Border Collie?
Yes
German Shepherds are good for novice owners, due to their easy-going personality.
Yes
Bernese Mountain Dogs are good for novice owners, due to their easy-going personality.
Yes
Border Collies are good for novice owners, due to their easy-going personality.
Office Friendly
Which one fits better in the office?
No
German Shepherd is not the best dog breed for office environment.
No
Bernese Mountain Dog is not the best dog breed for office environment.
No
Border Collie is not the best dog breed for office environment.
Senior Citizens Friendly
Which dog is good for elderly people?
German Shepherds are one of the best breeds for elderly people.
Bernese Mountain Dogs are usually recommended for elderly people.
Border Collies are one of the best breeds for elderly people.

German Shepherd vs Bernese Mountain Dog vs Border Collie Health Comparison

Health Issues
German Shepherd vs Bernese Mountain Dog vs Border Collie health comparison. Which is the healthier: German Shepherd vs Bernese Mountain Dog vs Border Collie?
German Shepherds are commonly healthy dogs.
Very healthy dog breed.
The Border Collie is a healthy breed, but there are certain health issues that you should check with your vet regularly.
Health Problems
Which one has more or less genetic/health problems: German Shepherd vs Bernese Mountain Dog vs Border Collie? What are the allergies, genetic diseases and concerns for them? German Shepherd vs Bernese Mountain Dog vs Border Collie health problems comparison:
Allergies
Blindness
Bloat
Cancer
Cataracts
Cherry Eye
Chronic Diarrhea
Cruciate Ligament Rupture
Cushing's Syndrome
Degenerative Myelopathy
Demodectic Mange
Diabetes
Digestive Problems
Elbow Dysplasia
Epilepsy
Exocrine Pancreatic Insufficiency
Heart Disease
Hemophilia A
Hemophilia B
Hip Dysplasia
Hypertrophic Osteodystrophy
Lens Luxation
Lupus
Megaesophagus
Myasthenia Gravis
Nail Bed Disease
Osteochondrosis
Pannus
Panosteitis
Paralysis
Perianal Fistula
Progressive retinal atrophy (PRA)
Retinal Dysplasia
Seborrhea
Vitiligo
Von Willebrand's Disease
Wobbler's Syndrome
Bloat
Cancer
Elbow Dysplasia
Hip Dysplasia
Panosteitis
Portosystemic Liver Shunt
Progressive retinal atrophy (PRA)
Von Willebrand's Disease
Allergies
Collie Eye Anomaly
Epilepsy
Hip Dysplasia
Osteochondrosis Dissecans
Progressive retinal atrophy (PRA)
Veterinarian Visits
Which one may need more or less veterinary visits?
Rare
The German Shepherd should have a complete physical check-up at least every 12-18 months (but preferably once per year).
Rare
The Bernese Mountain Dog should have a complete physical check-up at least every 12-18 months (but preferably once per year).
Average
The Border Collie should have a complete physical check-up at least once per year.
Life Expectancy
German Shepherd vs Bernese Mountain Dog vs Border Collie lifespan comparison. How long do German Shepherd, Bernese Mountain Dog and Border Collie breeds live? Which one has a longer lifespan/life expectancy?
9-13 years
The average lifespan of German Shepherd: 11 years
7-11 years
The average lifespan of Bernese Mountain Dog: 9 years
11-15 years
The average lifespan of Border Collie: 13 years
Hypoallergenic
German Shepherd vs Bernese Mountain Dog vs Border Collie hypoallergenic comparison. Which dog is hypoallergenic or not?
No See more. No See more. No See more.
Energy Level
Who has more energy a German Shepherd or Bernese Mountain Dog or Border Collie? German Shepherd vs Bernese Mountain Dog vs Border Collie energy level comparison:
German Shepherd dogs are high-energy dogs.
Bernese Mountain Dog dogs have a higher energy level than other dog breeds.
Border Collie dogs are high-energy dogs.
Activity Requirement / Exercise Need
German Shepherd vs Bernese Mountain Dog vs Border Collie exercise need comparison. Which dog needs more activity? Which dog needs the most exercise: German Shepherd or Bernese Mountain Dog or Border Collie? Which dog needs the most walking? Which dog is the laziest?
German Shepherd dogs need quite a lot of exercise.
Bernese Mountain Dog dogs have an average exercise need.
Border Collie dogs need a lot of exercises.
Sleeping Need
Which one sleeps the least/most: German Shepherd or Bernese Mountain Dog or Border Collie?
German Shepherd dogs don't need too much sleep.
Bernese Mountain Dog dogs are quite energetic dogs and they don't spend too much time with sleeping.
Border Collie dogs don't need too much sleep.
Average daily food consumption
Which dog eats more: German Shepherd or Bernese Mountain Dog or Border Collie?
3 to 4 cups of high-quality dry food a day, divided into two meals. 6 to 8 cups of high-quality dry food a day, divided into two meals. 1.5 to 2 cups of high-quality dry food a day, divided into two or three meals.
Weight Gain Potential / Prone to Obesity
Which dog breed is more prone to obesity? German Shepherd vs Bernese Mountain Dog vs Border Collie weight gain potential comparison:
Low to Average: The German Shepherd has a low to the average risk for obesity.
See more.
Average to High: If you don't pay attention to the Bernese Mountain Dog's weight, he can easily gain weight.
See more.
Average: The Border Collie has an average risk for obesity.
See more.
Weather and Climate
Which dog is best for hot or cold weather: German Shepherd vs Bernese Mountain Dog vs Border Collie?
Tolerates warm and cold weather
Dogs that tolerate hot and cold weather are typically those that have a double coat of fur.
See more.
Prefers cold weather
The Bernese Mountain Dog can adapt well to harsh weather conditions, and also can be a good mountain dog.
See more.
Prefers average to cold weather conditions
The Border Collie can adapt to well to cold weather conditions, some dogs even can be a good mountain dog.
See more.
Stinkiness
Which dog breed smells the least? Which dog smells the most? Which is best, German Shepherd vs Bernese Mountain Dog vs Border Collie?

Medium

The German Shepherd has an average chance of bad smell.

Medium

The Bernese Mountain Dog has an average chance of bad smell.

Medium

The Border Collie has an average chance of bad smell.
Drooling Tendency
Which dog drools the most? Which dog drools the least?
The German Shepherd is a perfect example of a very low drooling tendency.
See more.
The Bernese Mountain Dog drools quite a lot, so if you dislike being covered by slobber spots on your clothes, you may want to choose another dog breed.
See more.
The Border Collie is a perfect example of a very low drooling tendency.
See more.

German Shepherd vs Bernese Mountain Dog vs Border Collie As a Working Dog Comparison

Service Dog
Which one could be a service dog?

Yes

This breed makes good as a service dog.
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Yes

This breed makes good as a service dog.
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Yes

This breed makes good as a service dog.
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Therapy Dog
Which one could be a therapy dog: German Shepherd or Bernese Mountain Dog or Border Collie? Which is better for autism?

Yes

This breed makes a perfect therapy dog.
See more.

Not really

This breed is generally not used as a therapy dog.
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Yes

This breed makes a perfect therapy dog.
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Detection Dog or Sniffer Dog
Which one could be a detection/sniffer dog?

Yes

After proper training, they can excel at this kind of work.

Not really

They are not typically employed for this type of work, but there may be exceptional cases.

Yes

After proper training, they can excel at this kind of work.
Search and Rescue Dog (SAR)
Which one could be a search and rescue dog?

Yes

This breed would make an excellent search and rescue dog.

Not really

This dog breed is not typically used as a search and rescue dog.

Yes

This breed would make an excellent search and rescue dog.
Boat and Sailor Dog
Which one could be a boat dog: German Shepherd vs Bernese Mountain Dog vs Border Collie?

Not really

German Shepherd breed usually doesn't like being on a boat.
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Not really

Bernese Mountain Dog breed usually doesn't like being on a boat.
See more.

Not really

Border Collie breed usually doesn't like being on a boat.
See more.
Cart Pulling or Drafting Dog
Which one could be a cart pulling or drafting dog?

Not really

A drafting dog or draft dog is a dog bred and used for cart pulling.
See more.

Yes

A drafting dog or draft dog is a dog bred and used for cart pulling.
See more.

Not really

A drafting dog or draft dog is a dog bred and used for cart pulling.
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Fighting Dog / Military Dog

Yes

In history, this breed was unfortunately used for combat dogs.

Not really

In history, this breed was not really used for combat dog.

Not really

In history, this breed was not really used for combat dog.

German Shepherd vs Bernese Mountain Dog vs Border Collie Reproducibility Comparison

Gestation Length 60-64 days See more. 60-64 days See more. 60-64 days See more.
Litter Frequency

Once a year.

More frequent breeding is not healthy.
See more.

Once a year.

More frequent breeding is not healthy.
See more.

Once a year.

More frequent breeding is not healthy.
See more.
Litter Size
How many puppies can German Shepherd and Bernese Mountain Dog and Border Collie have?
6-10 puppies 1-14 puppies, average 8 4-8 puppies

German Shepherd vs Bernese Mountain Dog vs Border Collie Recognition Comparison

AKC Group
Which dog is recognized by the AKC?
Recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1908 as a Herding breed. Recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1937 as a Working breed. Recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1995 as a Herding breed.
FCI Group
Which dog is recognized by the FCI?
Recognized by FCI in the Sheepdogs and Cattledogs (except Swiss Cattledogs) group, in the Sheepdogs section. Recognized by FCI in the Pinscher and Schnauzer - Molossoid and Swiss Mountain and Cattledogs group, in the Swiss Mountain- and Cattledogs section. Recognized by FCI in the Sheepdogs and Cattledogs (except Swiss Cattledogs) group, in the Sheepdogs section.
Breed Recognition
What other organizations and kennel clubs recognize these dog breeds?
American Canine Registry
American Kennel Club
America's Pet Registry
Canadian Kennel Club
Dog Registry of America Inc.
Federation Cynologique Internationale
Kennel Club of Great Britain
North American Purebred Registry, Inc.
American Canine Association, Inc.
Australian National Kennel Council
Continental Kennel Club
National Kennel Club
New Zealand Kennel Club
United Kennel Club
German Shepherd Dog Club Of America
American Canine Registry
American Kennel Club
America's Pet Registry
Australian National Kennel Council
Canadian Canine Registry
Canadian Kennel Club
Continental Kennel Club
Dog Registry of America Inc.
Federation Cynologique Internationale
Kennel Club of Great Britain
National Kennel Club
New Zealand Kennel Club
North American Purebred Registry, Inc.
United Kennel Club
American Canine Association, Inc.
American Canine Registry
American Kennel Club
America's Pet Registry
Dog Registry of America Inc.
Federation Cynologique Internationale
Kennel Club of Great Britain
North American Purebred Registry, Inc.
American Canine Association, Inc.
Australian National Kennel Council
Continental Kennel Club
National Kennel Club
New Zealand Kennel Club
United Kennel Club
The American Int. Border Collie Registry
The American Border Collie Association

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