Bernese Mountain Dog Information & Dog Breed Facts
Collection of all the general dog breed info about Bernese Mountain Dog so you can get to know the breed more.
Other Names |
What other names does the Bernese Mountain Dog have? The dog breed also known as...
|Berner Sennenhund, Bernese Cattle Dog, Berner|
Breed Type |
What type of dog breed is it?
AKC Group |
Is Bernese Mountain Dog recognized by the American Kennel Club?
|Recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1937 as a Working breed.|
FCI Group |
Is Bernese Mountain Dog recognized by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI)?
|Recognized by FCI in the Pinscher and Schnauzer - Molossoid and Swiss Mountain and Cattledogs group, in the Swiss Mountain- and Cattledogs section.|
Breed Recognition |
What kennel clubs and organizations recognize or register the Bernese Mountain Dog breed?
|American Canine RegistryAmerican Kennel ClubAmerica's Pet RegistryCanadian Kennel ClubDog Registry of America Inc.Federation Cynologique InternationaleKennel Club of Great BritainNorth American Purebred Registry, Inc.American Canine Association, Inc.Australian National Kennel CouncilContinental Kennel ClubNational Kennel ClubNew Zealand Kennel ClubUnited Kennel ClubCanadian Canine Registry|
How much does the Bernese Mountain Dog puppy cost? What is the price range of this puppy? What is the average price of this dog in the United States? Is this puppy expensive? How much should I pay for it? Bernese Mountain Dog price:
If you choose to purchase the Bernese Mountain Dog, you should know that the mentioned amount of money is an average of the collected data from breeders’ sites and puppy finder places. If you have a Bernese Mountain Dog for sale, please advertise it on a reliable website to make sure the Bernese Mountain Dog gets to a happy place.
Bernese Mountain Dog History
The Bernese Mountain Dog is one of the four mountain dog breeds, who can trace its origins back to Switzerland, more precisely to Bern. It is thought that the ancient breed, the Molosser while spreading out in the entire world, it also got to the Swiss Alps and developed a variety of Mastiff-type of breeds, including the Bernese Mountain Dog.
During the first century, the dogs that the Romans brought to the area had been naturally cross-bred with the local dogs, creating the four mountain dog breeds. Right after its initial creation, the Bernese Mountain Dog served many purposes helping people, pulling carts, standing watch, guarding, accompanying livestock, and providing companionship to their fellow humans. Initially, the breed’s most appreciated ability was that the dog could pull many times their own weight, occasionally up to the mountains, as drafting dogs, thanks to their muscular and broad hindquarters generating immense strength. They were considered the ultimate all-around farm dog.
The need for strong dogs who could herd cattle and pull carts have dwindled because of the fact, that by the middle of the 1880s, only 36% of the Swiss population worked on farms, in the agricultural sector. It was feared that the Bernese Mountain Dog will suffer severe consequences like extinction due to neglect and lack of need. Thanks to a handful of enthusiasts and breeders, a painstaking effort has started with the intention of reviving the breed and saving it from extinction. In 1902, the Swiss dog club sponsored a show at Ostermundigen, which drew more attention to the mountain dog breeds, thus to the Bernese Mountain Dog too. Two years after that, the breed had a huge step forward at an international dog show in Bern, where the Bernese Mountain Dog was included in the mountain dog category. A club named “Berna” was even founded in 1907, for the different mountain dog breeders and for their purebred dogs. This club was formed under the leadership of Professor Albert Heim, probably the most renewed and respected canine scientist of his generation in Europe. After that, the Swiss Kennel Club recognized the breed first. During World War I, dog breeding fell out of the most important priorities, but after that, the Bernese Mountain Dog was exported firstly to the Netherlands then to the United States of America. The breed got the United Kingdom too, where the first litter was born in 1936. One year after that, in 1937, the AKC (American Kennel Club) gave the breed recognition and grouped them within their Working Class. But their full member club recognition came later, in 1981. Sadly, after the Second World War, the Bernese Mountain Dog population have faced another decrease, but fortunately, the American breeders quickly revived and restored their population numbers.
Nowadays, the Bernese Mountain Dog is mostly kept as a family companion and became a really popular choice for families with children, thanks to the fact that the breed has a really good nature with a reliable, stable, and trustworthy temperament. Today, the breed is considered to be a popular one, all around the world.
What size is this breed? How big is this dog? Bernese Mountain Dog size:
How much does the Bernese Mountain Dog weigh? Bernese Mountain Dog weight:
|Male: 85-110 pounds (38–50 kg), Female: 80-105 pounds (36–48 kg)|
Avg. Weight |
What is the average weight of the Bernese Mountain Dog? Bernese Mountain Dog average weight:
|Male: 97.5 pounds (38–50 kg), Female: 92.5 pounds (36–48 kg)|
How tall is the Bernese Mountain Dog? Bernese Mountain Dog height:
|Male: 24-28 inches (61–71 cm), Female: 23-27 inches (58–69 cm)|
Avg. Height |
What is the average height of this fido? Bernese Mountain Dog average height:
|Male: 26 inches (61–71 cm), Female: 25 inches (58–69 cm)|
Coat / Hair Types |
What type of coat does the Bernese Mountain Dog have? What does this canine coat/fur look like?
What color is the breed's coat? What color is a proper Bernese Mountain Dog's coat?
How to groom the Bernese Mountain Dog and how often?
Average: The Bernese Mountain Dog requires average grooming effort. Cutting the dog's hair by a professional groomer isn't essential. Brushing the dog's coat is useful to reduce shedding. Ears and eyes should be cleaned regularly to avoid infections. Don't skip the seasonal flea treatment too. Dog nail trimming and dog bath can be helpful sometimes. Check the local pet store for dog grooming supplies and find the best dog shampoo to keep its coat healthy and to give your dog a pleasant experience of a dog bath. If you don't have the time, skill or money to take care of your Bernese Mountain Dog, search for a dog groomer or clipping service in your area and book an appointment. Maybe you're lucky to have a dog boarding service that includes grooming or walk in dog bath places nearby.
Shedding Level |
How much do Bernese Mountain Dog dogs shed? How to control, reduce and prevent the shedding of the Berner Sennenhund? Bernese Mountain Dog shedding level:
Bernese Mountain Dogs shed above average. It's a natural process of the hair growth cycle. The amount and frequency of hair loss mostly depend on their health status and breed type. If you don't like vacuum cleaning, you might have to reconsider your choice of having a puppy from the Bernese Mountain Dog breed.
Bath Time / Bathing Frequency |
How often does the Bernese Mountain Dog need a bath? How often should bathe this dog? Can I bathe my Bernese Mountain Dog every day?
Average. Experts recommended at least every 4-6 weeks for this family pup. According to a study, 56% of pet parents don’t bathe their dogs as frequently as they should, and 60% use the sniff test when deciding when it’s bath time. Bathing your dog is beneficial to them in more ways than just one. It’s also a good time to look for unusual scratches, bumps, fleas, and other irregularities. When their hair is wet and flat against their body, these details are more visible.
What kind of personality does the Bernese Mountain Dog have? What characteristics or traits does the breed have?
Intelligent Rank |
How smart is the Bernese Mountain Dog? Are they intelligent?
Very smart: Bernese Mountain Dog is an excellent dog breed. You can teach them many tricks and commands. The limit is your creativity. They understand and memorize new commands in 5-15 repetitions. This breed obeys for the first command 85% of the time or better.
Are Bernese Mountain Dog dogs easy to train? Do they go well on dog training?
Bernese Mountain Dogs are easy to train. They find out the association between commands and actions quite quickly.
How playful is this breed?
Bernese Mountain Dogs, like any other dog breed, like playing. Sometimes they bark as excitement for playing, but they are not the most playful dog breed.
Sensitivity Level |
How sensitive are they? Bernese Mountain Dog sensitivity:
They are a little bit more sensitive than other dog breeds. Soft punishment affects them emotionally. Bernese Mountain Dogs don't tolerate irregular daily routine, noisy household and frequent guest visits really well. They are receptive to their owner's emotions and make wonderful family companions.
Affection Level |
How affectionate are they? Are they affectionate?
Bernese Mountain Dogs are average dogs regarding their affection level. Some breeds are forthcoming and friendly, while others are independent and don't bond too closely to their owners.
Social Needs |
How much social interaction does the Berner Sennenhund need? Bernese Mountain Dog social needs:
Bernese Mountain Dogs need for social interaction is average. This breed likes being around people or other animals, but they don't mind being left alone for a few hours either.
Do Bernese Mountain Dog dogs bark a lot? Are they barkers/noisy? Why does my Bernese Cattle Dog bark?
Average: The Bernese Mountain Dog barks occasionally. They can change their barks depending on their emotional level and what they're trying to say. Different barks could mean the same and same barks could have a different meaning. Top reasons for barking: protection, alarm, fear, boredom, attention seeking, greeting, separation anxiety, compulsive barking.
Watchdog Ability |
Is Bernese Mountain Dog good as a watchdog? Are they alert at night?
Bernese Mountain Dogs are one of the best watchdogs. Their main job is to observe and they're very consistent in their effort. The best vocal cords and sense of hearing belong to them. Usually, they're very territorial and protective about their property, so the Bernese Mountain Dog dogs will alert you if they sense something different.
Guarding Behavior / Territorial |
Do Bernese Mountain Dog dogs have an aggressive behavior to protect their home/house/territory? Do they have guarding instincts?
Bernese Mountain Dogs are extremely protective guard dogs. This breed doesn't hesitate to protect their territory so the Bernese Mountain Dog can be a good choice if you want an excellent guard dog. Keep calm and the Bernese Mountain Dog will take care of unwanted people or animals.
Biting Potential |
Do Bernese Mountain Dog bite humans? How likely are you to get bitten from the Berner Sennenhund? What are the odds of getting bitten by a Bernese Mountain Dog? Why do dog bites happen?
The Bernese Mountain Dog has a low chance of biting somebody. Top reasons for dog bite: protection, pain, excitement, herding instinct, being provoked. (Data based on the available online bite statistics.)
Bite Force |
Does the Bernese Mountain Dog has a hard bite?
|Between 200 and 400 PSI|
Ordinary: Average dogs have bite force between 200 and 400 PSI. The Bernese Mountain Dog, and many others, have a fearsome presence because they have significant jaw strength, so it is important not to anger the dog and have it around strangers until it is fully trained. However, they are usually quite calm and good companions, they work well in families and are easy to care for.
How much mouthing/nipping/play biting does the Bernese Mountain Dog do?
Bernese Mountain Dogs have a strong tendency to nip, chew, play-bite, or herd people. It's a common habit during puppyhood, not aggressive behavior. These "bites" don't hurt, but Bernese Mountain Dogs need to be taught for a good attitude.
Impulse to Wander or Roam |
How likely is the Bernese Mountain Dog to run away? Does this breed explore or wander a lot? Does Bernese Mountain Dog roam?
Bernese Mountain Dogs have average wanderlust potential. Sometimes they like to explore the world and they might escape once or twice, but usually, they prefer staying safely at home. Safer to teach them how to get back to you on command.
Prey Drive |
Do this canine have a strong prey drive? Does Bernese Mountain Dog have high prey drive?
Bernese Mountain Dogs have a high impulse to chase and catch something. Cats or any other small animals are in danger. It's a natural instinct, doesn't necessarily mean that Bernese Mountain Dog dogs are aggressive. Better to keep this breed on a leash.
Apartment Friendly |
Is Bernese Mountain Dog good as an apartment dog? Can they live in a flat?
Nem ajánlott lakásban tartani Bernese Mountain Dog kutyafajtát. Kertben érzi magát a legjobban, ha mégis lakásban szeretnéd tartani, akkor napi szinten hosszabb sétákkal alaposan le kell mozgatni, így a napi rutinok beiktatásával megoldható Bernese Mountain Dog tartása lakásban.
Are they adaptable and easy-going?
Bernese Mountain Dogs adapt to lifestyle changes and different living environments quite okay usually.
Tolerates Being Left Alone |
Can you leave this breed home alone?
Just like every puppy, they are prone to panic, cry, bark, whine when they left alone by their owner. With proper socialization and quality time with the dog can solve this problem.
Fighting Dog |
Where Bernese Mountain Dog dogs used as a fighting dog in the history?
|Not really |
In history, this breed was not really used for combat dog.
Stranger Friendly |
Are they aggressive or friendly towards/with strangers? Bernese Mountain Dog temperament with other people:
Bernese Mountain Dogs are average friendly towards strangers.
Child Friendly |
Are Bernese Mountain Dog dogs kid-friendly? Are they good with young children? Bernese Mountain Dog temperament with children:
Bernese Mountain Dogs are kid-friendly dogs. This breed is a good choice if you have children.
Cat Friendly |
How well do Bernese Mountain Dog dogs get along with cats? Are they good with kittens? What is this fido's temperament with cats? Can they be good with cats?
Bernese Mountain Dogs are average friendly towards cats.
Dog Friendly |
Is Bernese Mountain Dog good with other dogs? Are they dog-friendly dogs? How well do Bernese Mountain Dog dogs get along with other dogs? What is this canine temperament with other dogs?
Bernese Mountain Dogs are average friendly towards other dogs.
Good For First Time Owners |
Is Bernese Mountain Dog breed good for first-time owners? Do they make a good dog for novice owners?
Bernese Mountain Dogs are not good for novice owners, due to their stubborn personality.
Service Dog |
Are they good as service dogs? Can Bernese Mountain Dog be a guide dog? Are they used as seeing-eye dogs?
This breed makes good as a service dog. A service dog is a term used in the USA to refer to any type of assistance dog specifically trained to help people who have disabilities, such as visual impairment, hearing impairments, mental disorders, seizures, mobility impairment, and diabetes. Service dogs are protected under the ADA (Americans with Disabilities Act). Bernese Mountain Dog breed is a good choice for service purposes.
Therapy Dog |
Are they good as therapy dogs? Can Bernese Mountain Dog be a therapy dog? Are they good anxiety dogs? Can a Bernese Mountain Dog be an emotional support animal?
|Not really |
This breed generally not used as a therapy dog. A therapy dog is a dog that might be trained to provide affection, comfort, and love to people in hospitals, retirement homes, nursing homes, schools, hospices, disaster areas, and to people with anxiety disorders or autism. Bernese Mountain Dog is not the best breed for therapeutic purposes.
Detection Dog or Sniffer Dog |
Are they good as detection dogs? Can Bernese Mountain Dog be a sniffer dog?
|Not really |
A detection dog or sniffer dog is a dog that is trained to use its senses (mostly its smell) to detect substances such as explosives, illegal drugs, wildlife scat, currency, blood, and contraband electronics such as illicit mobile phones. Bernese Mountain Dog is not the best breed for detection purposes.
Office Friendly |
Are Bernese Mountain Dogs good office dogs? Do Bernese Mountain Dogs make good office friendly dogs? Can Bernese Mountain Dogs be office dogs?
Bernese Mountain Dog is not the best dog breed for office environment.
Search and Rescue Dog (SAR) |
Are they good as SAR dogs? Can Bernese Mountain Dog be a search and rescue dog?
|Not really |
The use of dogs in search and rescue (SAR) is a valuable component in wilderness tracking, natural disasters, mass casualty events, and in locating missing people. The Bernese Mountain Dog is not the best breed for SAR purposes.
Senior Citizens Friendly |
Are they senior citizens friendly dogs? How well do Bernese Mountain Dog dogs get along with the elderly people? What is the Berner Sennenhund temperament with senior people? Are Bernese Mountain Dog dogs good for elderly owners?
Bernese Mountain Dogs are usually recommended for elderly people.
Boat Dog |
Are they good as boat dogs? Can Bernese Mountain Dog be a boat dog?
|Not really |
Bernese Mountain Dog breed usually doesn't like being on a boat.
Pet Friendly |
Are they pet-friendly dogs? How well do Bernese Mountain Dog dogs get along with other pets? Are Bernese Mountain Dog dogs good with pets? What is this canine temperament with other pets?
Bernese Mountain Dogs are generally with other pets.
Cart Pulling or Drafting Dog |
Are they good as cart pulling dogs? Can Bernese Mountain Dog be a drafting dog?
A drafting dog or draft dog is a dog bred and used for cart pulling. Dogs bred for this work have strong builds and qualities that are needed, strength and determination. Bernese Mountain Dog breed is a good choice for drafting purposes.
Health Issues |
Is it a healthy or unhealthy breed? Do Bernese Mountain Dog dogs have health problems or genetic diseases?
Very healthy dog breed. The Bernese Mountain Dog rarely meets with the veterinarian.
Health Problems |
What genetic/health problems does the Bernese Mountain Dog breed have? What are the health issues and concerns of the Bernese Mountain Dog breed? Most common health risks of Bernese Mountain Dog:
|BloatCancerElbow DysplasiaHip DysplasiaPanosteitisPortosystemic Liver ShuntProgressive retinal atrophy (PRA)Von Willebrand's Disease|
Veterinarian Visits |
How often does the Bernese Mountain Dog breed need to go to the vet? How often should you take your dog to the vet? How often should the Bernese Mountain Dog see the vet?
The Bernese Mountain Dog should have a complete physical check-up at least every 12-18 months (but preferably once per year). If your dog shows any symptoms, call your veterinarian.
Life Expectancy |
How long do Bernese Mountain Dog dogs live? What is the average lifespan of this breed? How old can a Bernese Mountain Dog be? What is the age limit of the Bernese Mountain Dog? How many years can the oldest Bernese Mountain Dog live?
Is the Bernese Mountain Dog breed hypoallergenic?
Bernese Mountain Dogs don't do well with allergy sufferers by causing allergic reaction. Some of the dog breeds are even considered to higher the possibility of an allergic response. Coat type isn't necessarily relevant, because most people are allergic to dander (flakes on the dog's skin) or saliva, not actually to dog hair.
Energy Level |
How much energy does the Bernese Mountain Dog have? What is the activity level of the Bernese Mountain Dog?
Bernese Mountain Dogs have a higher energy level than other dog breeds. If you want a dog for snuggling on the couch, this breed isn't the perfect choice for you.
Activity Requirement / Exercise Need |
How much activity does this dog need? How much exercise do Bernese Mountain Dog dogs require per day?
Bernese Mountain Dogs have an average exercise need. This breed is satisfied with short walks every weekday and a long one on weekends.
Sleeping Need |
How much sleep does this fido need?
Bernese Mountain Dogs are quite energetic dogs and they don't spend to much time with sleeping. If you live an active life, this breed can be a good choice for you.
Avg. daily food consumption |
How much food does the Bernese Mountain Dog need? How often should I feed my canine? What dog products should I buy?
|6 to 8 cups of high-quality dry food a day, divided into two meals.|
Weight Gain Potential / Prone to Obesity |
How easy to gain weight for this dog? Bernese Mountain Dog risk for obesity:
Average to High. If you don't pay attention to the Bernese Mountain Dog's weight, he can easily gain weight. More than one daily walk should be on schedule. To make your dog happy and fit, feed him with quality dry dog food and live an active life together. Try to find the happy medium between exercise and feeding. If you notice any weight gain, consult your veterinarian and make a diet plan. Reduce unhealthy food and snacks, and measure the Bernese Mountain Dog's weight regularly.
Weather & Climate |
Which weather condition is preferred by this dog? Can they tolerate hot and cold weather & climate?
|Prefers cold weather|
The Bernese Mountain Dog can adapt well to harsh weather conditions, and also can be a good mountain dog.
How stinky is this dog? Why does it smell bad and how to get rid of the smell?
The Bernese Mountain Dog has an average chance of bad smell. Top reasons for dog stinkiness: infection of bad tooth/ear/skin folds, gas attacks.
Drooling tendency |
Does the Bernese Mountain Dog drool?
The Bernese Mountain Dog drools quite a lot, so if you dislike being covered by slobber spots on your clothes, you may want to choose another dog breed. Drooling is the unintentional saliva flowing outside of the mouth. It can be completely normal or a sign of a health problem. Certain dog breeds drool more than others, just like the Bernese Mountain Dog. If you notice any change in your dog's drooling habit, you should contact a vet as soon as possible.
Gestation Length |
How long does this dog's pregnancy last? How long does this dog pregnant? How long does it take to have puppies?
Reproductive cycle of the female Bernese Mountain Dog: The first period called Proestrus lasts for about 9 days. During this time the females start to attract males. You can notice by swelling vulva and bloody discharge. The second part is the Estrus when the female is receptive for the male. It lasts for about 3 to 11 days. The sign of the proestrus part is the soft and enlarged vulva. The discharge decreases and lightens in color. The third part is the Diestrus. Normally, it occurs around day 14. In this period the female’s discharge changes for vivid red and coming to its end. The vulva returns to average, and she will no longer permit mating. The fourth part called the Anestrus. The time frame between heat periods normally lasts about six months.
|Litter Frequency||Once a year.|
More frequent breeding is not healthy. It is very important not to buy a dog from a puppy mill, where the needs of the pups and their mothers are ignored. It's an inhumane high-volume dog breeding facility, where puppies born several times a year.
Litter Size |
How many puppies can the Bernese Mountain Dog have? What is the average litter size of this fido?
|1-14 puppies, average 8|
Bernese Mountain Dog Pros & Cons
- Intelligent Rank: Very smart: Bernese Mountain Dog is an excellent dog breed.
- Trainability: Bernese Mountain Dogs are easy to train.
- Health Issues: Very healthy dog breed.
- Watchdog Ability: Bernese Mountain Dogs are one of the best watchdogs.
- Child Friendly: Bernese Mountain Dogs are kid-friendly dogs.
- Senior Citizens Friendly: Bernese Mountain Dogs are usually recommended for elderly people.
- Service Dog: This breed makes good as a service dog.
- Cart Pulling or Drafting Dog: A drafting dog or draft dog is a dog bred and used for cart pulling.
- Hypoallergenic: Bernese Mountain Dogs don't do well with allergy sufferers by causing allergic reaction.
- Apartment Friendly: Nem ajánlott lakásban tartani Bernese Mountain Dog kutyafajtát.
- Shedding Level: Bernese Mountain Dogs shed above average.
- Drooling tendency: The Bernese Mountain Dog drools quite a lot, so if you dislike being covered by slobber spots on your clothes, you may want to choose another dog breed.
- Weight Gain Potential / Prone to Obesity: Average to High.
- Mouthiness: Bernese Mountain Dogs have a strong tendency to nip, chew, play-bite, or herd people.
- Office Friendly: Bernese Mountain Dog is not the best dog breed for office environment.
- Good For First Time Owners: Bernese Mountain Dogs are not good for novice owners, due to their stubborn personality.
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Bernese Mountain Dog Comments, Reviews & Questions
- BERNESE LOVER
Jan 11, 2022, 1:11:11 AM:
I am very sad about the fact that this page says that BMDs affection level is average. They are one of the most affectionate dog breeds there is, and I believe that they deserve either 3 and a half stars or 4 stars. Thank you!
- Doggy lover
Jan 30, 2021, 12:32:20 PM:
I just love bernese mounties they are so cute and amazing dogs as this page has proven!
- very good
Jan 13, 2021, 3:37:05 PM: