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Golden Retriever vs Border Collie vs Miniature American Shepherd – Which one is a better dog breed for you?

"Find similarities and differences between Golden Retriever vs Border Collie vs Miniature American Shepherd" Compare Golden Retriever and Border Collie. Which is better: Golden Retriever or Border Collie or Miniature American Shepherd?
Name Golden Retriever Border Collie Miniature American Shepherd
OriginsScotland England Scotland Wales United States
Group Gun Dog Pastoral Dogs (Herding Dogs) Working Dogs
Popularity Rank33835
Reviews480
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Other Names Yellow Retriever, Golden Flat Coat Scotch Sheep Dog, Sheepdog North American Shepherd, Mini American, MAS, Ameri
Breed Type Purebred Purebred Purebred
AKC Group Recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1925 as a Sporting breed. Recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1995 as a Herding breed. Recognized by the American Kennel Club in 2015 as a Herding breed.
FCI Group Recognized by FCI in the Retrievers - Flushing Dogs - Water Dogs group, in the Retrievers section. Recognized by FCI in the Sheepdogs and Cattledogs (except Swiss Cattledogs) group, in the Sheepdogs section. Not recognized by FCI.
Breed Recognition American Canine Registry American Kennel Club America's Pet Registry Canadian Kennel Club Dog Registry of America Inc. Federation Cynologique Internationale Kennel Club of Great Britain North American Purebred Registry, Inc. American Canine Association, Inc. Australian National Kennel Council Continental Kennel Club National Kennel Club New Zealand Kennel Club United Kennel Club American Canine Registry American Kennel Club America's Pet Registry Dog Registry of America Inc. Federation Cynologique Internationale Kennel Club of Great Britain North American Purebred Registry, Inc. American Canine Association, Inc. Australian National Kennel Council Continental Kennel Club National Kennel Club New Zealand Kennel Club United Kennel Club The American Int. Border Collie Registry The American Border Collie Association No set
Price $1000-$2000 $600-$800 $900-$1000

General Appearance - Golden Retriever vs Border Collie vs Miniature American Shepherd

Size Large Large Small Medium
Weight Male: 60-80 pounds (27-36 kg), Female: 55-70 pounds (25-32 kg) Male: 30-45 pounds (14-20 kg), Female: 27-42 pounds (12-19 kg) 15-35 pounds (6-16 kg)
Avg. Weight Male: 70 pounds (31.5 kg), Female: 62.5 pounds (28.5 kg) Male: 37.5 pounds (17 kg), Female: 34.5 pounds (15.5 kg) 25 pounds (11 kg)
Height Male: 22-24 inches (56-61cm), Female: 20-22 inches (51-56 cm) Male: 19-22 inches (48-56 cm), Female: 18-21 inches (46-53 cm) Male: 14–18 inches (36–46 cm), Female: 13–17 inches (33–43 cm)
Avg. Height Male: 23 inches (58.5 cm), Female: 21 inches (53.5 cm) Male: 20.5 inches (52 cm), Female: 19.5 inches (49.5 cm) Male: 14–18 inches (36–46 cm), Female: 13–17 inches (33–43 cm)

Hair & Care - Golden Retriever vs Border Collie vs Miniature American Shepherd

Coat Silky Wavy Shiny Straight Dense Feathered Straight Short Moderately Long Smooth
Colors Golden Light Black & White Tricolor Tan Blue merle Blue merle-tricolor Slate merle Red merle Black Brindle Gold Lilac Red Sable Sable Merle Saddleback Sable White & Blue White & Blue Merle White & Red White & Red Merle White Ticked Seal Slate White & Gold White & Sable White & Seal Merle Blue White Black
Grooming
Average: The Golden Retriever requires average grooming effort.
Average: The Border Collie requires average grooming effort.
Easy to groom: The Miniature American Shepherd doesn't require a lot of grooming.
Shedding Level
Golden Retrievers shed moderately.
Border Collies shed moderately.
Miniature American Shepherds shed moderately.

Characteristics - Golden Retriever vs Border Collie vs Miniature American Shepherd

Temperament Confident Intelligent Reliable Friendly Kind Trustworthy Intelligent Alert Tenacious Protective Energetic Responsive Loyal Devoted Intelligent Energetic Loyal
Intelligent Rank
Outstanding: Golden Retriever is one of the brightest dog breeds.
Outstanding: Border Collie is one of the brightest dog breeds.
Average: Miniature American Shepherd's has average obedience intelligence.
Trainability
Golden Retrievers are easy to train.
Border Collies are easy to train.
Miniature American Shepherds are very easy to train.
Playfulness
The Golden Retriever is a highly playful breed.
The Border Collie is a highly playful breed.
The Miniature American Shepherd is a highly playful breed.
Sensitivity Level
Golden Retrievers have an average emotional level and are not the most sensitive dog breed.
Border Collies don't like an irregular daily routine, noisy household and frequent guest visits.
They are a little bit more sensitive than other dog breeds.
Affection Level
Golden Retrievers are genuinely loyal, soft and gentle, loving and affectionate dogs toward their handlers.
Border Collies are genuinely loyal, soft and gentle, loving and affectionate dogs toward their handlers.
Miniature American Shepherds are highly affectionate dogs.
Social Needs
Golden Retrievers need a lot of social interaction.
Border Collies need a lot of social interaction.
Miniature American Shepherds need for social interaction is average.
Barking
Low to Average: The Golden Retriever rarely barks.
Low to Average: The Border Collie rarely barks.
Low to Average: The Miniature American Shepherd rarely barks.
Watchdog Ability
Golden Retrievers are average watchdogs.
Border Collies are one of the best watchdogs.
Miniature American Shepherds are average watchdogs.
Territorial
Golden Retrievers are average defenders.
Border Collies are extremely protective guard dogs.
Miniature American Shepherds are average defenders.
Biting Potential Moderate
The Golden Retriever has an average chance of biting somebody.
Low
The Border Collie has a low chance of biting somebody.
Low
The Miniature American Shepherd has a low chance of biting somebody.
Mouthiness
Golden Retrievers have a strong tendency to nip, chew, play-bite, or herd people.
Border Collies have a strong tendency to nip, chew, play-bite, or herd people.
Miniature American Shepherds have a higher than average tendency to nip, chew, play-bite, or herd people.
Impulse to Wander or Roam
Golden Retrievers tend to escape less than other breeds.
Border Collies have average wanderlust potential.
Miniature American Shepherds have high wanderlust potential, which means that this breed has a strong desire for exploring the world.
Prey Drive
Golden Retrievers have an average prey drive, which means that they don't have a high impulse to chase and catch something like a cat or any other small aminals, but it might happen.
Border Collies have an average prey drive, which means that they don't have a high impulse to chase and catch something like a cat or any other small aminals, but it might happen.
Miniature American Shepherds have a higher impulse to chase and catch something than other dog breeds.
Apartment Friendly
Golden Retrievers are not recommended for an apartment lifestyle.
Border Collies are not recommended for an apartment lifestyle.
Miniature American Shepherds are not the best choice for an apartment lifestyle, but they don't mind being inside if you walk them several times every day.
Adaptability
Golden Retrievers adapt very well to lifestyle changes and basically all living environments.
Border Collies adapt very well to lifestyle changes and basically all living environments.
Miniature American Shepherds don't adapt well to lifestyle changes and different living environments.
Tolerates Being Left Alone
Golden Retrievers tend to have separation anxiety when their owners left them alone at home because they bond very closely with them.
Border Collies tend to have separation anxiety when their owners left them alone at home because they bond very closely with them.
Just like every puppy, they are prone to panic, cry, bark, whine when they left alone by their owner.
Fighting Dog Not really
In history, this breed was not really used for combat dog.
Not really
In history, this breed was not really used for combat dog.
Not really
In history, this breed was not really used for combat dog.

Good With - Golden Retriever vs Border Collie vs Miniature American Shepherd

Stranger Friendly
Golden Retrievers are very stranger friendly dogs.
Border Collies are average friendly towards strangers.
Miniature American Shepherds are not the most stranger friendly dogs.
Child Friendly
Golden Retrievers are very kid-friendly dogs.
Border Collies are very kid-friendly dogs.
Miniature American Shepherds are kid-friendly dogs.
Cat Friendly
Golden Retrievers are cat-friendly dogs.
Border Collies are average friendly towards cats.
Miniature American Shepherds are average friendly towards cats.
Dog Friendly
Golden Retrievers are very dog-friendly dogs.
Border Collies are average friendly towards other dogs.
Miniature American Shepherds are average friendly towards other dogs.
Office Friendly Yes
Golden Retriever is one of the best dog breeds for office environment
No
Border Collie is not the best dog breed for office environment.
No
Miniature American Shepherd is not the best dog breed for office environment.
Senior Citizens Friendly
Golden Retrievers are one of the best breeds for elderly people.
Border Collies are one of the best breeds for elderly people.
Miniature American Shepherds are usually recommended for elderly people.
Pet Friendly
Golden Retrievers are usually friendly towards other pets.
Border Collies are generally with other pets.
Miniature American Shepherds are generally with other pets.
Good For First Time Owners Yes
Golden Retrievers are good for novice owners, due to their easy-going personality.
No
Border Collies are not good for novice owners, due to their stubborn personality.
No
Miniature American Shepherds are not good for novice owners, due to their stubborn personality.
Service Dog Yes
This breed makes good as a service dog.
Yes
This breed makes good as a service dog.
Not really
This breed generally not used as a service dog.
Therapy Dog Yes
This breed makes a perfect therapy dog.
Yes
This breed makes a perfect therapy dog.
Not really
This breed generally not used as a therapy dog.
Detection Dog or Sniffer Dog Yes
A detection dog or sniffer dog is a dog that is trained to use its senses (mostly its smell) to detect substances such as explosives, illegal drugs, wildlife scat, currency, blood, and contraband electronics such as illicit mobile phones.
Yes
A detection dog or sniffer dog is a dog that is trained to use its senses (mostly its smell) to detect substances such as explosives, illegal drugs, wildlife scat, currency, blood, and contraband electronics such as illicit mobile phones.
Not really
A detection dog or sniffer dog is a dog that is trained to use its senses (mostly its smell) to detect substances such as explosives, illegal drugs, wildlife scat, currency, blood, and contraband electronics such as illicit mobile phones.
Search and Rescue Dog (SAR) Yes
The use of dogs in search and rescue (SAR) is a valuable component in wilderness tracking, natural disasters, mass casualty events, and in locating missing people.
Yes
The use of dogs in search and rescue (SAR) is a valuable component in wilderness tracking, natural disasters, mass casualty events, and in locating missing people.
Not really
The use of dogs in search and rescue (SAR) is a valuable component in wilderness tracking, natural disasters, mass casualty events, and in locating missing people.
Boat Dog Yes
Golden Retriever breed usually likes being on a boat.
Not really
Border Collie breed usually doesn't like being on a boat.
Not really
Miniature American Shepherd breed usually doesn't like being on a boat.
Cart Pulling or Drafting Dog Not really
A drafting dog or draft dog is a dog bred and used for cart pulling.
Not really
A drafting dog or draft dog is a dog bred and used for cart pulling.
Not really
A drafting dog or draft dog is a dog bred and used for cart pulling.

Health Factors - Golden Retriever vs Border Collie vs Miniature American Shepherd

Health Issues
Golden Retrievers are commonly healthy dogs.
The Border Collie is a healthy breed, but there are certain health issues that you should check with your vet regularly.
Miniature American Shepherds tend to have more and frequent health issues than other breeds.
Health Problems Allergies Bloat Cataracts Elbow Dysplasia Epilepsy Hemangiosarcoma Hip Dysplasia Hypothyroidism Osteochondrosis Dissecans Osteosarcoma Progressive retinal atrophy (PRA) Subvalvular Aortic Stenosis Von Willebrand's Disease Allergies Collie Eye Anomaly Epilepsy Hip Dysplasia Osteochondrosis Dissecans Progressive retinal atrophy (PRA) No set
Life Expectancy 10-12 years 12-15 years 13-15 years
Hypoallergenic No No No
Energy Level
Golden Retrievers are high energy dogs.
Border Collies are high energy dogs.
Miniature American Shepherds are high energy dogs.
Exercise Need
Golden Retrievers need a lot of exercises.
Border Collies need a lot of exercises.
Miniature American Shepherds have an average exercise need.
Sleeping Need
Golden Retrievers don't need too much sleep.
Border Collies don't need too much sleep.
Miniature American Shepherds don't need too much sleep.
Avg. daily food consumption 3 to 4 cups of high-quality dry food a day, divided into two meals. 1.5 to 2 cups of high-quality dry food a day, divided into two or three meals. 1 to 1.5 cups of high-quality dry food a day, divided into two meals.
Weight Gain Potential
High: The Golden Retriever breed has a strong tendency to overweight.
Average.
Average.
Weather & Climate Tolerates warm and cold weather. Prefers average to cold weather conditions
The Border Collie can adapt to well to cold weather conditions, some dogs even can be a good mountain dog.
Tolerates warm and cold weather.
Stinkiness Medium
The Golden Retriever has an average chance of bad smell.
Medium
The Border Collie has an average chance of bad smell.
Medium
The Miniature American Shepherd has an average chance of bad smell.
Drooling tendency
The Golden Retriever drools quite a lot, so if you dislike being covered by slobber spots on your clothes, you may want to choose another dog breed.
The Border Collie is a perfect example for very low drooling tendency.
The Miniature American Shepherd is a perfect example for low drooling tendency.

Reproducibility - Golden Retriever vs Border Collie vs Miniature American Shepherd

Gestation Length 60-64 days 60-64 days 60-64 days
How often can the have a litter? Once a year.
More frequent breeding is not healthy.
Once a year.
More frequent breeding is not healthy.
Once a year.
More frequent breeding is not healthy.
Litter Size 5-10 puppies 4-8 puppies 2-6 puppies

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