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Golden Retriever vs German Shepherd vs Border Collie Comparison - Dog breed selector: Yellow Retriever or Alsatian or Scotch Sheep Dog? Find the right dog for you

"Find similarities and differences between Golden Retriever vs German Shepherd vs Border Collie" Compare Golden Retriever and German Shepherd. Which is better: Golden Retriever or German Shepherd or Border Collie?
Name Golden Retriever German Shepherd Border Collie
OriginsScotland Germany England Scotland Wales
Group Gun Dog Pastoral / Herding Dogs Pastoral / Herding Dogs
Popularity Rank3238
Reviews91111
User Ratings

Other Names
What other names do they have?
Yellow Retriever, Golden Flat Coat Alsatian, Berger Allemand, Alsatian wolf dog (UK), Deutscher Schäferhund, Schäferhund Scotch Sheep Dog, Sheepdog
Breed Type
Which dog is purebred or crossbreed? Golden Retriever vs German Shepherd vs Border Collie breed type comparison:
Purebred Purebred Purebred
AKC Group
Which dog is recognized by the AKC?
Recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1925 as a Sporting breed. Recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1908 as a Herding breed. Recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1995 as a Herding breed.
FCI Group
Which dog is recognized by the FCI?
Recognized by FCI in the Retrievers - Flushing Dogs - Water Dogs group, in the Retrievers section. Recognized by FCI in the Sheepdogs and Cattledogs (except Swiss Cattledogs) group, in the Sheepdogs section. Recognized by FCI in the Sheepdogs and Cattledogs (except Swiss Cattledogs) group, in the Sheepdogs section.
Breed Recognition
What other organizations and kennel clubs recognize these dog breeds?
American Canine Registry
American Kennel Club
America's Pet Registry
Canadian Kennel Club
Dog Registry of America Inc.
Federation Cynologique Internationale
Kennel Club of Great Britain
North American Purebred Registry, Inc.
American Canine Association, Inc.
Australian National Kennel Council
Continental Kennel Club
National Kennel Club
New Zealand Kennel Club
United Kennel Club
American Canine Registry
American Kennel Club
America's Pet Registry
Canadian Kennel Club
Dog Registry of America Inc.
Federation Cynologique Internationale
Kennel Club of Great Britain
North American Purebred Registry, Inc.
American Canine Association, Inc.
Australian National Kennel Council
Continental Kennel Club
National Kennel Club
New Zealand Kennel Club
United Kennel Club
German Shepherd Dog Club Of America
American Canine Registry
American Kennel Club
America's Pet Registry
Dog Registry of America Inc.
Federation Cynologique Internationale
Kennel Club of Great Britain
North American Purebred Registry, Inc.
American Canine Association, Inc.
Australian National Kennel Council
Continental Kennel Club
National Kennel Club
New Zealand Kennel Club
United Kennel Club
The American Int. Border Collie Registry
The American Border Collie Association
Price
Which is cheaper, Golden Retriever or German Shepherd or Border Collie? Which is more expensive?
$1000-$2000 $800-$2000 $600-$800
Availability
Very frequent
Very frequent
Very frequent

Golden Retriever vs German Shepherd vs Border Collie General Appearance & Basic Info Comparison

Size
Which is bigger, Golden Retriever or German Shepherd or Border Collie? Golden Retriever vs German Shepherd vs Border Collie size comparison:
Large Large Large
Weight
Which is heavier, Golden Retriever or German Shepherd or German Shepherd? Golden Retriever vs German Shepherd vs Border Collie weight comparison:
Male: 60-80 pounds (27-36 kg), Female: 55-70 pounds (25-32 kg) Male: 66-88 pounds (30-40 kg), Female: 49-71 pounds (22-32 kg) Male: 30-45 pounds (14-20 kg), Female: 27-42 pounds (12-19 kg)
Avg. Weight
Which dog has a smaller / higher average weight?
Male: 70 pounds (31.5 kg), Female: 62.5 pounds (28.5 kg) Male: 77 pounds (35 kg), Female: 60 pounds (27 kg) Male: 37.5 pounds (17 kg), Female: 34.5 pounds (15.5 kg)
Height
Which is taller, Golden Retriever or German Shepherd or Border Collie? Golden Retriever vs German Shepherd vs Border Collie height comparison:
Male: 22-24 inches (56-61cm), Female: 20-22 inches (51-56 cm) Male: 24-26 inches (60-65 cm), Female: 22-24 inches (55-60 cm) Male: 19-22 inches (48-56 cm), Female: 18-21 inches (46-53 cm)
Avg. Height
Which dog has a smaller / higher average height?
Male: 23 inches (58.5 cm), Female: 21 inches (53.5 cm) Male: 25 inches (62.5 cm), Female: 23 inches (57.5 cm) Male: 20.5 inches (52 cm), Female: 19.5 inches (49.5 cm)

Golden Retriever vs German Shepherd vs Border Collie Hair & Care Comparison

Coat / Hair Types
What type of coat/fur do they have? Golden Retriever vs German Shepherd vs Border Collie coat comparison:
Silky
Wavy
Shiny
Straight
Fuzzy Dense
Feathered
Straight
Short
Moderately Long
Colors
What are the original Golden Retriever, German Shepherd and Border Collie color?
Golden
Light
Silver
Tan
Red
Black
Black & White
Tricolor
Tan
Blue merle
Blue merle-tricolor
Slate merle
Red merle
Black
Brindle
Gold
Lilac
Red
Sable
Sable Merle
Saddleback Sable
White & Blue
White & Blue Merle
White & Red
White & Red Merle
White Ticked
Seal
Slate
White & Gold
White & Sable
White & Seal
Grooming
Which is easy to maintain, Golden Retriever or German Shepherd or Border Collie? Golden Retriever vs German Shepherd vs Border Collie grooming comparison:
Average: The Golden Retriever requires average grooming effort.
Average: The German Shepherd requires average grooming effort.
Average: The Border Collie requires average grooming effort.
Shedding Level
Who sheds more Golden Retriever or German Shepherd or Border Collie? Golden Retriever or German Shepherd or {name3 shedding:
Golden Retrievers shed moderately.
German Shepherds are heavy shedders.
Border Collies shed moderately.
Bath Time / Bathing Frequency
Which dog should be bathed more: Golden Retriever or German Shepherd or Border Collie?
2-3 weeks
Frequent.
8-12 weeks
Very rarely.
6-8 weeks
Rarely.

Golden Retriever vs German Shepherd vs Border Collie Characteristics Comparison

Temperament
Which one has a better personality? Which is a better family dog, Golden Retriever or German Shepherd or Border Collie? Golden Retriever vs German Shepherd vs Border Collie behavior/temperament comparison:
Confident
Intelligent
Reliable
Friendly
Kind
Trustworthy
Alert
Courageous
Intelligent
Obedient
Confident
Curious
Loyal
Watchful
Intelligent
Alert
Tenacious
Protective
Energetic
Responsive
Loyal
Intelligent Rank
Which is the smarter dog? Which is best? Golden Retriever vs German Shepherd vs Border Collie intelligence:
Outstanding: Golden Retriever is one of the brightest dog breeds.
Outstanding: German Shepherd is one of the brightest dog breeds.
Outstanding: Border Collie is one of the brightest dog breeds.
Trainability
Golden Retriever vs German Shepherd vs Border Collie trainability comparison.
Golden Retrievers are easy to train.
German Shepherds are easy to train.
Border Collies are easy to train.
Playfulness
Golden Retriever vs German Shepherd vs Border Collie playfulness comparison:
The Golden Retriever is a highly playful breed.
German Shepherds, like any other dog breed, like playing.
The Border Collie is a highly playful breed.
Sensitivity Level
Which dog is more sensitive? What's the difference?
Golden Retrievers have an average emotional level and are not the most sensitive dog breed.
German Shepherds don't like an irregular daily routine, noisy household and frequent guest visits.
Border Collies don't like an irregular daily routine, noisy household and frequent guest visits.
Affection Level
Which is the more affectionate dog breed: Golden Retriever vs German Shepherd vs Border Collie?
Golden Retrievers are genuinely loyal, soft and gentle, loving and affectionate dogs toward their handlers.
German Shepherds are genuinely loyal, soft and gentle, loving and affectionate dogs toward their handlers.
Border Collies are genuinely loyal, soft and gentle, loving and affectionate dogs toward their handlers.
Social Needs
Golden Retriever vs German Shepherd vs Border Collie social needs comparison:
Golden Retrievers need a lot of social interaction.
German Shepherds need for social interaction is average.
Border Collies need a lot of social interaction.
Barking
Which dog barks more/less: Golden Retriever vs German Shepherd vs Border Collie?
Low to Average: The Golden Retriever rarely barks.
Low to Average: The German Shepherd rarely barks.
Low to Average: The Border Collie rarely barks.
Watchdog Ability
Which is the better watchdog: Golden Retriever or German Shepherd or Border Collie?
Golden Retrievers are average watchdogs.
German Shepherds are one of the best watchdogs.
Border Collies are one of the best watchdogs.
Guarding Behavior / Territorial
Which dog is most likely to protect its owner? Which is the best dog to use for protection?
Golden Retrievers are average defenders.
German Shepherds are extremely protective guard dogs.
Border Collies are extremely protective guard dogs.
Biting Potential
Which breed of dog is most likely to bite? Biting potential comparison:
Moderate
The Golden Retriever has an average chance of biting somebody.
High
The German Shepherd has a high chance of biting somebody.
Low
The Border Collie has a low chance of biting somebody.
Bite Force
Which bite is stronger: Golden Retriever or German Shepherd or Border Collie?
Between 200 and 400 PSI
Ordinary: Average dogs have bite force between 200 and 400 PSI.
Between 200 and 400 PSI
Ordinary: Average dogs have bite force between 200 and 400 PSI.
Between 200 and 400 PSI
Ordinary: Average dogs have bite force between 200 and 400 PSI.
Mouthiness
Which is the better dog? Golden Retriever vs German Shepherd vs Border Collie mouthiness comparison:
Golden Retrievers have a strong tendency to nip, chew, play-bite, or herd people.
German Shepherds have a strong tendency to nip, chew, play-bite, or herd people.
Border Collies have a strong tendency to nip, chew, play-bite, or herd people.
Impulse to Wander or Roam
Which dog has a greater roaming instinct?
Golden Retrievers tend to escape less than other breeds.
German Shepherds are not the biggest explorers.
Border Collies have average wanderlust potential.
Prey Drive
Which dog has a higher prey drive? Which can be better for hunting?
Golden Retrievers have an average prey drive, which means that they don't have a high impulse to chase and catch something like a cat or any other small aminals, but it might happen.
German Shepherds have a higher impulse to chase and catch something than other dog breeds.
Border Collies have an average prey drive, which means that they don't have a high impulse to chase and catch something like a cat or any other small aminals, but it might happen.
Apartment Friendly
Which dog is more apartment friendly Golden Retriever or German Shepherd or Border Collie?
Nem ajánlott lakásban tartani Golden Retriever kutyafajtát.
Nem a legjobb választás German Shepherd, ha lakásban szeretnéd tartani, ugyanakkor alapos lemozgatással, napi többszöri sétával tolerálják a benti körülményeket is, így megoldható German Shepherd tartása lakásban.
Nem ajánlott lakásban tartani Border Collie kutyafajtát.
Adaptability
Which dog has a higher adaptability potential? Which is the better dog?
Golden Retrievers adapt very well to lifestyle changes and basically all living environments.
German Shepherds adapt very well to lifestyle changes and basically all living environments.
Border Collies adapt very well to lifestyle changes and basically all living environments.
Tolerates Being Left Alone
Which dog can be left alone: Golden Retriever or German Shepherd or Border Collie?
Golden Retrievers tend to have separation anxiety when their owners left them alone at home because they bond very closely with them.
Just like every puppy, they are prone to panic, cry, bark, whine when they left alone by their owner.
Border Collies tend to have separation anxiety when their owners left them alone at home because they bond very closely with them.
Fighting Dog Not really
In history, this breed was not really used for combat dog.
Yes
In history, this breed was unfortunately used for combat dog.
Not really
In history, this breed was not really used for combat dog.

Golden Retriever vs German Shepherd vs Border Collie Good With Comparison

Stranger Friendly
Which dog is more stranger friendly Golden Retriever or German Shepherd or Border Collie? Which dog is more friendly?
Golden Retrievers are very stranger friendly dogs.
German Shepherds are stranger friendly dogs.
Border Collies are average friendly towards strangers.
Child Friendly
Which dog is more child/kid friendly Golden Retriever or German Shepherd or Border Collie?
Golden Retrievers are very kid-friendly dogs.
German Shepherds are very kid-friendly dogs.
Border Collies are very kid-friendly dogs.
Cat Friendly
Which dog is more cat friendly Golden Retriever or German Shepherd or Border Collie?
Golden Retrievers are cat-friendly dogs.
German Shepherds are average friendly towards cats.
Border Collies are average friendly towards cats.
Dog Friendly
Which dog is more dog friendly Golden Retriever or German Shepherd or Border Collie?
Golden Retrievers are very dog-friendly dogs.
German Shepherds are not the most dog-friendly dogs.
Border Collies are average friendly towards other dogs.
Good For First Time Owners
Which dog is good for the first-time owners: Golden Retriever vs German Shepherd vs Border Collie?
Yes
Golden Retrievers are good for novice owners, due to their easy-going personality.
No
German Shepherds are not good for novice owners, due to their stubborn personality.
No
Border Collies are not good for novice owners, due to their stubborn personality.
Service Dog
Which one could be a service dog?
Yes
This breed makes good as a service dog.
Yes
This breed makes good as a service dog.
Yes
This breed makes good as a service dog.
Therapy Dog
Which one could be a therapy dog: Golden Retriever or German Shepherd or Border Collie? Which is better for autism?
Yes
This breed makes a perfect therapy dog.
Yes
This breed makes a perfect therapy dog.
Yes
This breed makes a perfect therapy dog.
Detection Dog or Sniffer Dog
Which one could be a detection/sniffer dog?
Yes
A detection dog or sniffer dog is a dog that is trained to use its senses (mostly its smell) to detect substances such as explosives, illegal drugs, wildlife scat, currency, blood, and contraband electronics such as illicit mobile phones.
Yes
A detection dog or sniffer dog is a dog that is trained to use its senses (mostly its smell) to detect substances such as explosives, illegal drugs, wildlife scat, currency, blood, and contraband electronics such as illicit mobile phones.
Yes
A detection dog or sniffer dog is a dog that is trained to use its senses (mostly its smell) to detect substances such as explosives, illegal drugs, wildlife scat, currency, blood, and contraband electronics such as illicit mobile phones.
Office Friendly
Which one fits better in the office?
Yes
Golden Retriever is one of the best dog breeds for office environment
No
German Shepherd is not the best dog breed for office environment.
No
Border Collie is not the best dog breed for office environment.
Search and Rescue Dog (SAR)
Which one could be a search and rescue dog?
Yes
The use of dogs in search and rescue (SAR) is a valuable component in wilderness tracking, natural disasters, mass casualty events, and in locating missing people.
Yes
The use of dogs in search and rescue (SAR) is a valuable component in wilderness tracking, natural disasters, mass casualty events, and in locating missing people.
Yes
The use of dogs in search and rescue (SAR) is a valuable component in wilderness tracking, natural disasters, mass casualty events, and in locating missing people.
Senior Citizens Friendly
Which dog is good for elderly people?
Golden Retrievers are one of the best breeds for elderly people.
German Shepherds are one of the best breeds for elderly people.
Border Collies are one of the best breeds for elderly people.
Boat Dog
Which one could be a boat dog: Golden Retriever vs German Shepherd vs Border Collie?
Yes
Golden Retriever breed usually likes being on a boat.
Not really
German Shepherd breed usually doesn't like being on a boat.
Not really
Border Collie breed usually doesn't like being on a boat.
Pet Friendly
Which dog breeds get along well with other animals/pets?
Golden Retrievers are usually friendly towards other pets.
German Shepherds are generally with other pets.
Border Collies are generally with other pets.
Cart Pulling or Drafting Dog
Which one could be a cart pulling or drafting dog?
Not really
A drafting dog or draft dog is a dog bred and used for cart pulling.
Not really
A drafting dog or draft dog is a dog bred and used for cart pulling.
Not really
A drafting dog or draft dog is a dog bred and used for cart pulling.

Golden Retriever vs German Shepherd vs Border Collie Health Factors Comparison

Health Issues
Golden Retriever vs German Shepherd vs Border Collie health comparison. Which is the healthier: Golden Retriever vs German Shepherd vs Border Collie?
Golden Retrievers are commonly healthy dogs.
German Shepherds are commonly healthy dogs.
The Border Collie is a healthy breed, but there are certain health issues that you should check with your vet regularly.
Health Problems
Which one has more or less genetic/health problems: Golden Retriever vs German Shepherd vs Border Collie? What are the allergies, genetic diseases and concerns for them? Golden Retriever vs German Shepherd vs Border Collie health problems comparison:
Allergies
Bloat
Cataracts
Elbow Dysplasia
Epilepsy
Hemangiosarcoma
Hip Dysplasia
Hypothyroidism
Osteochondrosis Dissecans
Osteosarcoma
Progressive retinal atrophy (PRA)
Subvalvular Aortic Stenosis
Von Willebrand's Disease
Allergies
Blindness
Bloat
Cancer
Cataracts
Cherry Eye
Chronic Diarrhea
Cruciate Ligament Rupture
Cushing's Syndrome
Degenerative Myelopathy
Demodectic Mange
Diabetes
Digestive Problems
Elbow Dysplasia
Epilepsy
Exocrine Pancreatic Insufficiency
Heart Disease
Hemophilia A
Hemophilia B
Hip Dysplasia
Hypertrophic Osteodystrophy
Lens Luxation
Lupus
Megaesophagus
Myasthenia Gravis
Nail Bed Disease
Osteochondrosis
Pannus
Panosteitis
Paralysis
Perianal Fistula
Progressive retinal atrophy (PRA)
Retinal Dysplasia
Seborrhea
Vitiligo
Von Willebrand's Disease
Wobbler's Syndrome
Allergies
Collie Eye Anomaly
Epilepsy
Hip Dysplasia
Osteochondrosis Dissecans
Progressive retinal atrophy (PRA)
Veterinarian Visits
Which one may need more or less veterinary visits?
Rare
The Golden Retriever should have a complete physical check-up at least every 12-18 months (but preferably once per year).
Rare
The German Shepherd should have a complete physical check-up at least every 12-18 months (but preferably once per year).
Average
The Border Collie should have a complete physical check-up at least once per year.
Life Expectancy
Golden Retriever vs German Shepherd vs Border Collie lifespan comparison. How long do Golden Retriever, German Shepherd and Border Collie breeds live? Which one has a longer lifespan/life expectancy?
10-12 years 10-13 years 12-15 years
Hypoallergenic
Golden Retriever vs German Shepherd vs Border Collie hypoallergenic comparison. Which dog is hypoallergenic or not?
No No No
Energy Level
Who has more energy a Golden Retriever or German Shepherd or Border Collie? Golden Retriever vs German Shepherd vs Border Collie energy level comparison:
Golden Retrievers are high energy dogs.
German Shepherds are high energy dogs.
Border Collies are high energy dogs.
Activity Requirement / Exercise Need
Golden Retriever vs German Shepherd vs Border Collie exercise need comparison. Which dog needs more activity? Which dog needs the most exercise: Golden Retriever or German Shepherd or Border Collie? Which dog needs the most walking? Which dog is the laziest?
Golden Retrievers need a lot of exercises.
German Shepherds need quite a lot of exercise.
Border Collies need a lot of exercises.
Sleeping Need
Which one sleeps the least/most: Golden Retriever or German Shepherd or Border Collie?
Golden Retrievers don't need too much sleep.
German Shepherds don't need too much sleep.
Border Collies don't need too much sleep.
Avg. daily food consumption
Which dog eats more: Golden Retriever or German Shepherd or Border Collie?
3 to 4 cups of high-quality dry food a day, divided into two meals. 3 to 4 cups of high-quality dry food a day, divided into two meals. 1.5 to 2 cups of high-quality dry food a day, divided into two or three meals.
Weight Gain Potential / Prone to Obesity
Which dog breed is more prone to obesity? Golden Retriever vs German Shepherd vs Border Collie weight gain potential comparison:
High: The Golden Retriever breed has a strong tendency to overweight.
Low to Average.
Average.
Weather & Climate
Which dog is best for hot or cold weather: Golden Retriever vs German Shepherd vs Border Collie?
Tolerates warm and cold weather. Tolerates warm and cold weather. Prefers average to cold weather conditions
The Border Collie can adapt to well to cold weather conditions, some dogs even can be a good mountain dog.
Stinkiness
Which dog breed smells least? Which dog smells most? Which is best, Golden Retriever vs German Shepherd vs Border Collie?
Medium
The Golden Retriever has an average chance of bad smell.
Medium
The German Shepherd has an average chance of bad smell.
Medium
The Border Collie has an average chance of bad smell.
Drooling tendency
Which dog drools the most? Which dog drools the least?
The Golden Retriever drools quite a lot, so if you dislike being covered by slobber spots on your clothes, you may want to choose another dog breed.
The German Shepherd is a perfect example for very low drooling tendency.
The Border Collie is a perfect example for very low drooling tendency.

Golden Retriever vs German Shepherd vs Border Collie Reproducibility Comparison

Gestation Length 60-64 days 60-64 days 60-64 days
Litter Frequency Once a year.
More frequent breeding is not healthy.
Once a year.
More frequent breeding is not healthy.
Once a year.
More frequent breeding is not healthy.
Litter Size
How many puppies can Golden Retriever and German Shepherd and Border Collie have?
5-10 puppies 6-10 puppies 4-8 puppies

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