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Newfoundland vs Mastiff vs Great Dane – Which one is a better dog breed for you?

"Find similarities and differences between Newfoundland vs Mastiff vs Great Dane" Compare Newfoundland and Mastiff. Which is better: Newfoundland or Mastiff or Great Dane?
Name Newfoundland Mastiff Great Dane
OriginsCanada England Germany
Group Working Dogs Working Dogs Working Dogs
Popularity Rank362814
Reviews201
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Other Names Newf, Newfie, The Gentle Giant, Blackbear English Mastiff, Old English Mastiff Dane, Gentle Giant, Deutsche Dogge, German Mastiff, Apollo of Dogs
Breed Type Purebred Purebred Purebred
AKC Group Recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1886 as a Working breed. Recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1885 as a Working breed. Recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1887 as a Working breed.
FCI Group Recognized by FCI in the Pinscher and Schnauzer - Molossoid and Swiss Mountain and Cattledogs group, in the Molossian type section. Not recognized by FCI. Recognized by FCI in the Pinscher and Schnauzer - Molossoid and Swiss Mountain and Cattledogs group, in the Molossian type section.
Breed Recognition American Canine Registry American Kennel Club America's Pet Registry Canadian Kennel Club Dog Registry of America Inc. Federation Cynologique Internationale Kennel Club of Great Britain North American Purebred Registry, Inc. American Canine Association, Inc. Australian National Kennel Council Continental Kennel Club National Kennel Club New Zealand Kennel Club United Kennel Club American Canine Registry American Kennel Club America's Pet Registry Canadian Kennel Club Dog Registry of America Inc. Federation Cynologique Internationale Kennel Club of Great Britain North American Purebred Registry, Inc. American Canine Association, Inc. Australian National Kennel Council Continental Kennel Club National Kennel Club New Zealand Kennel Club United Kennel Club American Canine Registry American Kennel Club America's Pet Registry Canadian Kennel Club Dog Registry of America Inc. Federation Cynologique Internationale Kennel Club of Great Britain North American Purebred Registry, Inc. American Canine Association, Inc. Australian National Kennel Council Continental Kennel Club National Kennel Club New Zealand Kennel Club United Kennel Club Canadian Canine Registry
Price $1500-$2000 $1200-$1500 $800-$1200

General Appearance - Newfoundland vs Mastiff vs Great Dane

Size Giant Giant Giant
Weight Male: 130-150 pounds (59-68 kg), Female: 100-120 pounds (45-54 kg) Male: 150-250 pounds (68-113 kg), Female: 120-180 pounds (54-82 kg) Male: 120-200 pounds (54-90 kg), Female: 100-130 pounds (45-59 kg)
Avg. Weight Male: 140 pounds (63.5 kg), Female: 110 pounds (49.5 kg) Male: 200 pounds (90.5 kg), Female: 150 pounds (68 kg) Male: 160 pounds (72 kg), Female: 115 pounds (52 kg)
Height Male: 27-29 inches (69-74 cm), Female: 25-27 inches (63-69 cm) Male: 30 inches (76 cm), Female: 27.5 inches (70 cm) Male: 30-34 inches (76-86 cm), Female: 28-32 inches (71-81 cm)
Avg. Height Male: 28 inches (71.5 cm), Female: 26 inches (66 cm) Male: 30 inches (76 cm), Female: 27.5 inches (70 cm) Male: 32 inches (81 cm), Female: 30 inches (76 cm)

Hair & Care - Newfoundland vs Mastiff vs Great Dane

Coat Fluffy Waterproof Thick Dense Dense
Colors Gray Brown White Black Apricot Fawn Brindle Blue Fawn White Brindle Merle Black
Grooming
Professional: This breed needs a lot of work to keep in good condition.
Easy to groom: The Mastiff doesn't require a lot of grooming.
Effortless: The Great Dane requires minimal grooming.
Shedding Level
Newfoundlands are heavy shedders.
Mastiffs shed moderately.
Great Danes shed moderately.

Characteristics - Newfoundland vs Mastiff vs Great Dane

Temperament Cheerful Intelligent Social Gentle Courageous Loyal Sweet Affectionate Cheerful Intelligent Protective Alert Courageous Loyal Friendly Devoted Gentle Reserved Confident Intelligent Loving
Intelligent Rank
Smart: Newfoundland's has great intelligence.
Average: Mastiff's has average obedience intelligence.
Smart: Great Dane's has great intelligence.
Trainability
Newfoundlands are easy to train.
Mastiffs are quite easy to train.
Great Danes are quite easy to train.
Playfulness
Newfoundlands, like any other dog breed, like playing.
Mastiffs are not the most playful dog breed.
Great Danes are not the most playful dog breed.
Sensitivity Level
They are a little bit more sensitive than other dog breeds.
Mastiffs have an average emotional level and are not the most sensitive dog breed.
Great Danes don't like an irregular daily routine, noisy household and frequent guest visits.
Affection Level
Newfoundlands are highly affectionate dogs.
Mastiffs are genuinely loyal, soft and gentle, loving and affectionate dogs toward their handlers.
Great Danes are average dogs regarding their affection level.
Social Needs
Newfoundlands are a social breed.
Mastiffs need for social interaction is average.
Great Danes are a social breed.
Barking
Low to Average: The Newfoundland rarely barks.
Low: The Mastiff barks none to minimal.
Low to Average: The Great Dane rarely barks.
Watchdog Ability
Newfoundlands are one of the best watchdogs.
Mastiffs are one of the best watchdogs.
Great Danes are one of the best watchdogs.
Territorial
Newfoundlands are extremely protective guard dogs.
Mastiffs are extremely protective guard dogs.
Great Danes are extremely protective guard dogs.
Biting Potential Low
The Newfoundland has a low chance of biting somebody.
Moderate
The Mastiff has an average chance of biting somebody.
Low
The Great Dane has a low chance of biting somebody.
Mouthiness
Newfoundlands have an average tendency to nip, chew, play-bite, or herd people.
Mastiffs have a higher than average tendency to nip, chew, play-bite, or herd people.
Great Danes have a higher than average tendency to nip, chew, play-bite, or herd people.
Impulse to Wander or Roam
Newfoundlands have average wanderlust potential.
Mastiffs are not the biggest explorers.
Great Danes have average wanderlust potential.
Prey Drive
Newfoundlands have a higher impulse to chase and catch something than other dog breeds.
Mastiffs don't have an impulse to catch or chase small animals.
Great Danes have an average prey drive, which means that they don't have a high impulse to chase and catch something like a cat or any other small aminals, but it might happen.
Apartment Friendly
Newfoundlands are not the best choice for an apartment lifestyle, but they don't mind being inside if you walk them several times every day.
Mastiffs are not the best choice for an apartment lifestyle, but they don't mind being inside if you walk them several times every day.
Great Danes are very apartment-friendly dogs.
Adaptability
Newfoundlands adapt well to lifestyle changes and different living environments.
Mastiffs adapt very well to lifestyle changes and basically all living environments.
Great Danes adapt to lifestyle changes and different living environments quite okay usually.
Tolerates Being Left Alone
Newfoundlands do best when a family member is at home during the day or if their workplace is dog-friendly so they can take the dog at work.
Just like every puppy, they are prone to panic, cry, bark, whine when they left alone by their owner.
Great Danes do best when a family member is at home during the day or if their workplace is dog-friendly so they can take the dog at work.
Fighting Dog Not really
In history, this breed was not really used for combat dog.
Not really
In history, this breed was not really used for combat dog.
Yes
In history, this breed was unfortunately used for combat dog.

Good With - Newfoundland vs Mastiff vs Great Dane

Stranger Friendly
Newfoundlands are stranger friendly dogs.
Mastiffs are average friendly towards strangers.
Great Danes are average friendly towards strangers.
Child Friendly
Newfoundlands are very kid-friendly dogs.
Mastiffs are very kid-friendly dogs.
Great Danes are kid-friendly dogs.
Cat Friendly
Newfoundlands are very cat-friendly dogs.
Mastiffs are very cat-friendly dogs.
Great Danes are average friendly towards cats.
Dog Friendly
Newfoundlands are dog-friendly dogs.
Mastiffs are average friendly towards other dogs.
Great Danes are average friendly towards other dogs.
Office Friendly No
Newfoundland is not the best dog breed for office environment.
No
Mastiff is not the best dog breed for office environment.
No
Great Dane is not the best dog breed for office environment.
Senior Citizens Friendly
Newfoundlands are one of the best breeds for elderly people.
Mastiffs are one of the best breeds for elderly people.
Great Danes are usually recommended for elderly people.
Pet Friendly
Newfoundlands are one of the friendliest dog breeds.
Mastiffs are one of the friendliest dog breeds.
Great Danes are generally with other pets.
Good For First Time Owners No
Newfoundlands are not good for novice owners, due to their stubborn personality.
Yes
Mastiffs are good for novice owners, due to their easy-going personality.
No
Great Danes are not good for novice owners, due to their stubborn personality.
Service Dog Yes
This breed makes good as a service dog.
Not really
This breed generally not used as a service dog.
Not really
This breed generally not used as a service dog.
Therapy Dog Not really
This breed generally not used as a therapy dog.
Not really
This breed generally not used as a therapy dog.
Yes
This breed makes a perfect therapy dog.
Detection Dog or Sniffer Dog Not really
A detection dog or sniffer dog is a dog that is trained to use its senses (mostly its smell) to detect substances such as explosives, illegal drugs, wildlife scat, currency, blood, and contraband electronics such as illicit mobile phones.
Not really
A detection dog or sniffer dog is a dog that is trained to use its senses (mostly its smell) to detect substances such as explosives, illegal drugs, wildlife scat, currency, blood, and contraband electronics such as illicit mobile phones.
Not really
A detection dog or sniffer dog is a dog that is trained to use its senses (mostly its smell) to detect substances such as explosives, illegal drugs, wildlife scat, currency, blood, and contraband electronics such as illicit mobile phones.
Search and Rescue Dog (SAR) Yes
The use of dogs in search and rescue (SAR) is a valuable component in wilderness tracking, natural disasters, mass casualty events, and in locating missing people.
Not really
The use of dogs in search and rescue (SAR) is a valuable component in wilderness tracking, natural disasters, mass casualty events, and in locating missing people.
Not really
The use of dogs in search and rescue (SAR) is a valuable component in wilderness tracking, natural disasters, mass casualty events, and in locating missing people.
Boat Dog Yes
Newfoundland breed usually likes being on a boat.
Not really
Mastiff breed usually doesn't like being on a boat.
Not really
Great Dane breed usually doesn't like being on a boat.
Cart Pulling or Drafting Dog Yes
A drafting dog or draft dog is a dog bred and used for cart pulling.
Yes
A drafting dog or draft dog is a dog bred and used for cart pulling.
Yes
A drafting dog or draft dog is a dog bred and used for cart pulling.

Health Factors - Newfoundland vs Mastiff vs Great Dane

Health Issues
Very healthy dog breed.
Mastiffs are commonly healthy dogs.
Great Danes are commonly healthy dogs.
Health Problems Addison's Disease Bloat Cancer Cataracts Cherry Eye Cystinuria Elbow Dysplasia Epilepsy Hip Dysplasia Hypothyroidism Subvalvular Aortic Stenosis Bloat Cancer Cystinuria Hip Dysplasia Progressive retinal atrophy (PRA) Seizures Bloat Cancer Dilated Cardiomyopathy Hip Dysplasia Mitral Valve Disease Patent Ductus Arteriosis Persistent Right Aortic Arch Subvalvular Aortic Stenosis Tricuspid Valve Dysplasia
Life Expectancy 9-12 years 10-12 years 7-10 years
Hypoallergenic No No No
Energy Level
Newfoundlands have an average energy level, so if you live a semi-active life, this breed can be a good choice for you.
Mastiffs have a lower energy level than other dogs.
Great Danes are high energy dogs.
Exercise Need
Newfoundlands have an average exercise need.
Mastiffs exercise need is minimal.
Great Danes exercise need is minimal.
Sleeping Need
Newfoundlands sleep 12-14 hours a day as an average dog and they're not considered as a lazy breed.
Mastiffs like sleeping so they do sleep a lot.
Great Danes don't need too much sleep.
Avg. daily food consumption 5 to 6 cups of high-quality dry food a day, divided into two meals. 8 to 10 cups of high-quality dry food a day, divided into two meals 8 to 10 cups of high-quality dry food a day, divided into two meals
Weight Gain Potential
Average to High.
Average to High.
Low to Average.
Weather & Climate Prefers cold weather
The Newfoundland can adapt well to harsh weather conditions, and also can be a good mountain dog.
Prefers average to cold weather conditions
The Mastiff can adapt to well to cold weather conditions, some dogs even can be a good mountain dog.
Prefers average to warm weather conditions
Stinkiness High
The Newfoundland has a high chance of bad smell.
High
The Mastiff has a high chance of bad smell.
Medium
The Great Dane has an average chance of bad smell.
Drooling tendency
The Newfoundland is a big drooler, so if you're disgusted by slobber spots on your clothes, you should choose a dog from another breed.
The Mastiff is a big drooler, so if you're disgusted by slobber spots on your clothes, you should choose a dog from another breed.
The Great Dane drools quite a lot, so if you dislike being covered by slobber spots on your clothes, you may want to choose another dog breed.

Reproducibility - Newfoundland vs Mastiff vs Great Dane

Gestation Length 60-64 days 60-64 days 60-64 days
How often can the have a litter? Once a year.
More frequent breeding is not healthy.
Once a year.
More frequent breeding is not healthy.
Once a year.
More frequent breeding is not healthy.
Litter Size 4-12 puppies 3-5 puppies 10-15 puppies

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