Basque Ratter Information & Dog Breed Facts
Collection of all the general dog breed info about Basque Ratter so you can get to know the breed more.
Other Names |
What other names does the Basque Ratter have? The dog breed also known as...
|Villanuco de Las Encartaciones Basque, Rat hunting dog, Ratonero vasco, Enkarterriko billanuko, Villanucu, Little Villein of Las Encartaciones|
Breed Type |
What type of dog breed is it?
AKC Group |
Is Basque Ratter recognized by the American Kennel Club?
|Not recognized by the American Kennel Club.|
FCI Group |
Is Basque Ratter recognized by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI)?
|Not recognized by FCI.|
How much does the Basque Ratter puppy cost? What is the price range of this puppy? What is the average price of this dog in the United States? Is this puppy expensive? How much should I pay for it? Basque Ratter price:
Unfortunately, we couldn't find the price of the Basque Ratter. If you have a Basque Ratter for sale, please advertise it on a reliable website to make sure the Basque Ratter gets to a happy place.
Basque Ratter History
The Basque Ratter or Enkarterriko Billanuko is a ratter-type breed as it can be concluded from its name originating in Spain. The Villanuco de Las Enartaciones is another name for the Basque Ratter. Be careful, though! This breed is related to (but distinct from) the Villano de Las Encartaciones. Those two extra letters (UC in Villanuco) make all the difference... between a small agile ratter and a large, strong cattle dog. Very little is known about its certain ancestry and history. Sadly since 2009, they are considered a critically endangered breed. Now there are an estimated 50 dogs alive representing this breed, making them very rare indeed and in danger of extinction.
Although there is very little published information about the Basque Ratter's origins we can know for sure that his little, nimble dog is from the Basque Country, where they made their living by hunting rats and vermin from farmsteads just as most ratter dogs. Other comparable Ratters emerged from the provinces of Biscay, Cantabria, and Burgos as well. These dogs have a shady history that dates back centuries. Dogs brought by Roman, Carthaginian, and Egyptian traders may have been their distant ancestors. These dogs were then crossed with local dogs to create breeds that were unique to each region.
A ratter is a dog type specifically bred to hunt rats and other vermin. Ratters are small to medium-sized dogs with short, smooth coats. Although some breeds have semi-erect and folded ears, their ears are frequently erect. It was said that one of the sports associated with having an American rat terrier was making competitive wagers on which dog could kill the most mice or rats in a specific amount of time. One dog was thrown into a barn and killed 2501 rats in seven hours.
The Villanuco is one of five Basque dog breeds: Euskal Artzain Txakurra (Basque Shepherd Dog), Erbi Txakur (Erbi Txakur), Pachón de Vitoria (Pachón de Vitoria), and Villano de Las Encartaciones (Enkarterriko Billano). All of these varieties are native to the Basque Autonomous Community, with the exception of the Pachón de Vitoria, and were designated as traditional Basque breeds by government order in 2001. It was one of fourteen indigenous animal breeds featured in Pas Vasco's 2007–2013 rural development plan.
What size is this breed? How big is this dog? Basque Ratter size:
How much does the Basque Ratter weigh? Basque Ratter weight:
|10-25 pounds (6-11kg)|
Avg. Weight |
What is the average weight of the Basque Ratter? Basque Ratter average weight:
|17.5 pounds (8 kg)|
How tall is the Basque Ratter? Basque Ratter height:
|10-13 inches (21-33 cm)|
Avg. Height |
What is the average height of this fido? Basque Ratter average height:
|12 inches (27 cm)|
Coat / Hair Types |
What type of coat does the Basque Ratter have? What does this canine coat/fur look like?
What color is the breed's coat? What color is a proper Basque Ratter's coat?
How to groom the Basque Ratter and how often?
Average: The Basque Ratter requires average grooming effort. Cutting the dog's hair by a professional groomer isn't essential. Brushing the dog's coat is useful to reduce shedding. Ears and eyes should be cleaned regularly to avoid infections. Don't skip the seasonal flea treatment too. Dog nail trimming and dog bath can be helpful sometimes. Check the local pet store for dog grooming supplies and find the best dog shampoo to keep its coat healthy and to give your dog a pleasant experience of a dog bath. If you don't have the time, skill or money to take care of your Basque Ratter, search for a dog groomer or clipping service in your area and book an appointment. Maybe you're lucky to have a dog boarding service that includes grooming or walk in dog bath places nearby.
Shedding Level |
How much do Basque Ratter dogs shed? How to control, reduce and prevent the shedding of the Villanuco de Las Encartaciones Basque? Basque Ratter shedding level:
Basque Ratters shed moderately. It's a natural process of the hair growth cycle. Regular brushing reduces the amount of hair that sheds. It mostly depends on their health status and breed type.
Bath Time / Bathing Frequency |
How often does the Basque Ratter need a bath? How often should bathe this dog? Can I bathe my Basque Ratter every day?
Rarely. Bathing your dog is beneficial to them in more ways than just one. It’s also a good time to look for unusual scratches, bumps, fleas, and other irregularities. When their hair is wet and flat against their body, these details are more visible. For example, short-haired dog breeds can go a very long time in between baths. These short-haired breeds shed regularly and that shedding works to naturally remove excess dirt and oil. So unless your weenie dog got into the garbage can, you can probably hold off on a bath for a while.
What kind of personality does the Basque Ratter have? What characteristics or traits does the breed have?
Intelligent Rank |
How smart is the Basque Ratter? Are they intelligent?
Smart: Basque Ratter's has great intelligence. They understand and memorize new commands in 15-25 repetitions.
Are Basque Ratter dogs easy to train? Do they go well on dog training?
Basque Ratters are quite easy to train. Sometimes they can be challenging, but if you're consistent in teaching new commands they will obey for sure.
How playful is this breed?
Basque Ratters, like any other dog breed, like playing. Sometimes they bark as excitement for playing, but they are not the most playful dog breed.
Sensitivity Level |
How sensitive are they? Basque Ratter sensitivity:
Basque Ratters have an average emotional level and are not the most sensitive dog breed. Sometimes it's okay to change the daily routine, have guests and listen to loud music. Some dogs handle moderate punishment very well, while others crumble apart at a dirty look. This breed is not affected emotionally for moderate punishment.
Affection Level |
How affectionate are they? Are they affectionate?
Basque Ratters may seem unfriendly sometimes due to their independence. Their happiness doesn't depend on their owners emotional level.
Social Needs |
How much social interaction does the Villanuco de Las Encartaciones Basque need? Basque Ratter social needs:
Basque Ratters need a lot of social interaction. They desire to always be with someone or around people. This breed hates being left alone.
Do Basque Ratter dogs bark a lot? Are they barkers/noisy? Why does my Rat hunting dog bark?
Average to high: The Basque Ratter is a vocal breed. Not the best choice if you prefer a quiet breed. They often bark loudly and howl sometimes. They can change their barks depending on their emotional level and what they're trying to say. Different barks could mean the same and same barks could have a different meaning. Top reasons for barking: protection, alarm, fear, boredom, attention seeking, greeting, separation anxiety, compulsive barking.
Watchdog Ability |
Is Basque Ratter good as a watchdog? Are they alert at night?
Basque Ratters are average watchdogs. If they sense something different, they will alert you, but the observation isn't considered as their main job.
Guarding Behavior / Territorial |
Do Basque Ratter dogs have an aggressive behavior to protect their home/house/territory? Do they have guarding instincts?
Basque Ratters strongly protect their territory. This breed is a complete security guard, so you don't have to be afraid in case of danger.
Biting Potential |
Do Basque Ratter bite humans? How likely are you to get bitten from the Villanuco de Las Encartaciones Basque? What are the odds of getting bitten by a Basque Ratter? Why do dog bites happen?
The Basque Ratter has a low chance of biting somebody. Top reasons for dog bite: protection, pain, excitement, herding instinct, being provoked. (Data based on the available online bite statistics.)
Bite Force |
Does the Basque Ratter has a hard bite?
|Between 100 and 200 PSI|
The weakest: Dogs that have the weakest bite force below 200 PSI. However, it is important to note that despite the fact that their bite force is considered the “weakest” it can still be very dangerous as all dog bites are. They are usually not aggressive and very friendly towards children and other animals.
How much mouthing/nipping/play biting does the Basque Ratter do?
Basque Ratters have a higher than average tendency to nip, chew, play-bite, or herd people. It's a common habit during puppyhood, not aggressive behavior. These "bites" don't hurt, but Basque Ratters need to be taught for a good attitude.
Impulse to Wander or Roam |
How likely is the Basque Ratter to run away? Does this breed explore or wander a lot? Does Basque Ratter roam?
Basque Ratters have high wanderlust potential, which means that this breed has a strong desire for exploring the world. Safer to walk them on a leash unless you teach them how to get back to you on command. This breed is also able to cause damage to your fence.
Prey Drive |
Do this canine have a strong prey drive? Does Basque Ratter have high prey drive?
Basque Ratters have a high impulse to chase and catch something. Cats or any other small animals are in danger. It's a natural instinct, doesn't necessarily mean that Basque Ratter dogs are aggressive. Better to keep this breed on a leash.
Apartment Friendly |
Is Basque Ratter good as an apartment dog? Can they live in a flat?
Nem ajánlott lakásban tartani Basque Ratter kutyafajtát. Kertben érzi magát a legjobban, ha mégis lakásban szeretnéd tartani, akkor napi szinten hosszabb sétákkal alaposan le kell mozgatni, így a napi rutinok beiktatásával megoldható Basque Ratter tartása lakásban.
Are they adaptable and easy-going?
Basque Ratters adapt very well to lifestyle changes and basically all living environments. They don't mind moving from one place to another with their owner.
Tolerates Being Left Alone |
Can you leave this breed home alone?
Basque Ratters tend to have separation anxiety when their owners left them alone at home because they bond very closely with them.
Fighting Dog |
Where Basque Ratter dogs used as a fighting dog in the history?
|Not really |
In history, this breed was not really used for combat dog.
Stranger Friendly |
Are they aggressive or friendly towards/with strangers? Basque Ratter temperament with other people:
Basque Ratters are average friendly towards strangers.
Child Friendly |
Are Basque Ratter dogs kid-friendly? Are they good with young children? Basque Ratter temperament with children:
Basque Ratters are kid-friendly dogs. This breed is a good choice if you have children.
Cat Friendly |
How well do Basque Ratter dogs get along with cats? Are they good with kittens? What is this fido's temperament with cats? Can they be good with cats?
Basque Ratters are average friendly towards cats.
Dog Friendly |
Is Basque Ratter good with other dogs? Are they dog-friendly dogs? How well do Basque Ratter dogs get along with other dogs? What is this canine temperament with other dogs?
Basque Ratters are dog-friendly dogs. If you want more dogs in your family or you'd like to join dog meetups, the Basque Ratter can be a great choice.
Good For First Time Owners |
Is Basque Ratter breed good for first-time owners? Do they make a good dog for novice owners?
Basque Ratters are good for novice owners, due to their easy-going personality.
Service Dog |
Are they good as service dogs? Can Basque Ratter be a guide dog? Are they used as seeing-eye dogs?
|Not really |
This breed generally not used as a service dog. A service dog is a term used in the USA to refer to any type of assistance dog specifically trained to help people who have disabilities, such as visual impairment, hearing impairments, mental disorders, seizures, mobility impairment, and diabetes. Service dogs are protected under the ADA (Americans with Disabilities Act). Basque Ratter is not the best breed for service purposes.
Therapy Dog |
Are they good as therapy dogs? Can Basque Ratter be a therapy dog? Are they good anxiety dogs? Can a Basque Ratter be an emotional support animal?
|Not really |
This breed generally not used as a therapy dog. A therapy dog is a dog that might be trained to provide affection, comfort, and love to people in hospitals, retirement homes, nursing homes, schools, hospices, disaster areas, and to people with anxiety disorders or autism. Basque Ratter is not the best breed for therapeutic purposes.
Detection Dog or Sniffer Dog |
Are they good as detection dogs? Can Basque Ratter be a sniffer dog?
|Not really |
A detection dog or sniffer dog is a dog that is trained to use its senses (mostly its smell) to detect substances such as explosives, illegal drugs, wildlife scat, currency, blood, and contraband electronics such as illicit mobile phones. Basque Ratter is not the best breed for detection purposes.
Office Friendly |
Are Basque Ratters good office dogs? Do Basque Ratters make good office friendly dogs? Can Basque Ratters be office dogs?
Basque Ratter is not the best dog breed for office environment.
Search and Rescue Dog (SAR) |
Are they good as SAR dogs? Can Basque Ratter be a search and rescue dog?
|Not really |
The use of dogs in search and rescue (SAR) is a valuable component in wilderness tracking, natural disasters, mass casualty events, and in locating missing people. The Basque Ratter is not the best breed for SAR purposes.
Senior Citizens Friendly |
Are they senior citizens friendly dogs? How well do Basque Ratter dogs get along with the elderly people? What is the Villanuco de Las Encartaciones Basque temperament with senior people? Are Basque Ratter dogs good for elderly owners?
Basque Ratters are usually recommended for elderly people.
Boat Dog |
Are they good as boat dogs? Can Basque Ratter be a boat dog?
|Not really |
Basque Ratter breed usually doesn't like being on a boat.
Pet Friendly |
Are they pet-friendly dogs? How well do Basque Ratter dogs get along with other pets? Are Basque Ratter dogs good with pets? What is this canine temperament with other pets?
Basque Ratters are generally with other pets.
Cart Pulling or Drafting Dog |
Are they good as cart pulling dogs? Can Basque Ratter be a drafting dog?
|Not really |
A drafting dog or draft dog is a dog bred and used for cart pulling. Dogs bred for this work have strong builds and qualities that are needed, strength and determination. Basque Ratter is not the best breed for drafting purposes.
Health Issues |
Is it a healthy or unhealthy breed? Do Basque Ratter dogs have health problems or genetic diseases?
Basque Ratters tend to have more and frequent health issues than other breeds. Regular vet check-ups are needed.
Veterinarian Visits |
How often does the Basque Ratter breed need to go to the vet? How often should you take your dog to the vet? How often should the Basque Ratter see the vet?
The Basque Ratter should have a complete physical check-up at least once (but preferably twice) per year. If your dog shows any symptoms, call your veterinarian.
Life Expectancy |
How long do Basque Ratter dogs live? What is the average lifespan of this breed? How old can a Basque Ratter be? What is the age limit of the Basque Ratter? How many years can the oldest Basque Ratter live?
Is the Basque Ratter breed hypoallergenic?
Basque Ratters don't do well with allergy sufferers by causing allergic reaction. Some of the dog breeds are even considered to higher the possibility of an allergic response. Coat type isn't necessarily relevant, because most people are allergic to dander (flakes on the dog's skin) or saliva, not actually to dog hair.
Energy Level |
How much energy does the Basque Ratter have? What is the activity level of the Basque Ratter?
Basque Ratters have a higher energy level than other dog breeds. If you want a dog for snuggling on the couch, this breed isn't the perfect choice for you.
Activity Requirement / Exercise Need |
How much activity does this dog need? How much exercise do Basque Ratter dogs require per day?
Basque Ratters have an average exercise need. This breed is satisfied with short walks every weekday and a long one on weekends.
Sleeping Need |
How much sleep does this fido need?
Basque Ratters sleep 12-14 hours a day as an average dog and they're not considered as a lazy breed.
Avg. daily food consumption |
How much food does the Basque Ratter need? How often should I feed my canine? What dog products should I buy?
|3/4 to 1 cup of high-quality dry food a day, divided into two meals.|
Weight Gain Potential / Prone to Obesity |
How easy to gain weight for this dog? Basque Ratter risk for obesity:
Average. The Basque Ratter has an average risk for obesity. Daily walks should be on schedule. To make your dog happy and fit, feed him with quality dry dog food and live an active life together. Try to find the happy medium between exercise and feeding. If you notice any weight gain, consult your veterinarian and make a diet plan. Reduce unhealthy food and snacks, and measure the Basque Ratter's weight regularly.
Weather & Climate |
Which weather condition is preferred by this dog? Can they tolerate hot and cold weather & climate?
|Tolerates warm and cold weather.|
How stinky is this dog? Why does it smell bad and how to get rid of the smell?
The Basque Ratter has an average chance of bad smell. Top reasons for dog stinkiness: infection of bad tooth/ear/skin folds, gas attacks.
Drooling tendency |
Does the Basque Ratter drool?
The Basque Ratter is an average drooler. Drooling is the unintentional saliva flowing outside of the mouth. It can be completely normal or a sign of a health problem. If you notice any change in your dog's drooling habit, you should contact a vet as soon as possible.
Gestation Length |
How long does this dog's pregnancy last? How long does this dog pregnant? How long does it take to have puppies?
Reproductive cycle of the female Basque Ratter: The first period called Proestrus lasts for about 9 days. During this time the females start to attract males. You can notice by swelling vulva and bloody discharge. The second part is the Estrus when the female is receptive for the male. It lasts for about 3 to 11 days. The sign of the proestrus part is the soft and enlarged vulva. The discharge decreases and lightens in color. The third part is the Diestrus. Normally, it occurs around day 14. In this period the female’s discharge changes for vivid red and coming to its end. The vulva returns to average, and she will no longer permit mating. The fourth part called the Anestrus. The time frame between heat periods normally lasts about six months.
|Litter Frequency||Once a year.|
More frequent breeding is not healthy. It is very important not to buy a dog from a puppy mill, where the needs of the pups and their mothers are ignored. It's an inhumane high-volume dog breeding facility, where puppies born several times a year.
Litter Size |
How many puppies can the Basque Ratter have? What is the average litter size of this fido?
Basque Ratter Pros & Cons
- Intelligent Rank: Smart: Basque Ratter's has great intelligence.
- Adaptability: Basque Ratters adapt very well to lifestyle changes and basically all living environments.
- Child Friendly: Basque Ratters are kid-friendly dogs.
- Dog Friendly: Basque Ratters are dog-friendly dogs.
- Senior Citizens Friendly: Basque Ratters are usually recommended for elderly people.
- Good For First Time Owners: Basque Ratters are good for novice owners, due to their easy-going personality.
- Health Issues: Basque Ratters tend to have more and frequent health issues than other breeds.
- Hypoallergenic: Basque Ratters don't do well with allergy sufferers by causing allergic reaction.
- Apartment Friendly: Nem ajánlott lakásban tartani Basque Ratter kutyafajtát.
- Mouthiness: Basque Ratters have a higher than average tendency to nip, chew, play-bite, or herd people.
- Impulse to Wander or Roam: Basque Ratters have high wanderlust potential, which means that this breed has a strong desire for exploring the world.
- Tolerates Being Left Alone: Basque Ratters tend to have separation anxiety when their owners left them alone at home because they bond very closely with them.
- Office Friendly: Basque Ratter is not the best dog breed for office environment.