Beauceron Information & Dog Breed Facts

Collection of all the general dog breed info about Beauceron so you can get to know the breed more.

Group Working Dogs
Popularity Rank141
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Beauceron dog profile picture
OriginFrance flagFrance
Other Names
What other names does the Beauceron have?
Bas-RougeBeauce ShepherdFrench Shorthaired ShepherdBerger De Beauce
Breed Type
What type of dog breed is it?
Purebred

Beauceron Price and Availability

Price
How much does the Beauceron puppy cost? What is the price range of this puppy? What is the average price of this dog in the United States? How much money is a Beauceron?
$1200-$1500
If you choose to purchase the Beauceron, you should know that the mentioned amount of money is an average of the collected data from breeders’ sites and puppy finder places. If you have a Beauceron for sale, please advertise it on a reliable website to make sure the Beauceron gets to a happy place.
Availability
How easy is it to get a Beauceron? How many Beauceron are there in the world?
Frequent: The Beauceron is easier than average to get. Maybe there is some risk of overbreeding, as it is a popular breed.

Due to its popularity, inbreeding may occur. A new study shows that inbreeding contributes to the incidence of disease and health problems.

So be careful and seek the help of an experienced person or a professional, in making your decision.

Beauceron Size

Size
Is a Beauceron small, medium or large dog?

How big do Beauceron get?

Large
Weight
How much does the Beauceron weigh? How much should the Beauceron breed weight? What is the normal weight of a Beauceron?
110 pounds (50 kg)
Average Weight
What is the average weight of a Beauceron?
110 pounds (50 kg)
Height
How tall is the Beauceron? Beauceron height:
24-27.5 inches (32-70 cm)
Average Height
What is the average height of a Beauceron?
24-27.5 inches (51 cm)

Beauceron Grooming, Hair and Care

Coat / Hair Types
What type of coat does the Beauceron have? What does this canine coat/fur look like?
Dense
Colors
What color is the breed's coat? What color is a proper Beauceron's coat?
RustGrayTanBlack
Grooming
How to groom the Beauceron and how often?
Easy to groom: The Beauceron doesn't require a lot of grooming. Seasonal flea treatment is needed, but cutting the dog's hair by a professional groomer isn't necessary.

Ears and eyes should be cleaned regularly to avoid infections. Beauceron is a good choice if you don't have the time, skill, or money to take care of a high-maintenance dog.

Recommended for beginners.
Shedding Level
How much do Beauceron dogs shed? How to control, reduce and prevent the shedding of the Bas-Rouge?
Beaucerons shed moderately. It's a natural process of the hair growth cycle. Regular brushing reduces the amount of hair that sheds. It mostly depends on their health status and breed type.
Bath Time / Bathing Frequency
How often does the Beauceron need a bath? How often should bathe this dog? Can I bathe my Beauceron every day?
4-6 weeks
Average. Experts recommended at least every 4-6 weeks for this family pup. According to a study, 56% of pet parents don’t bathe their dogs as frequently as they should, and 60% use the sniff test when deciding when it’s bath time.

Bathing your dog is beneficial to them in more ways than just one. It’s also a good time to look for unusual scratches, bumps, fleas, and other irregularities. When their hair is wet and flat against their body, these details are more visible.

Beauceron Personality / Temperament

Temperament
What kind of personality does the Beauceron have? What characteristics or traits does the breed have?
CourageousObedientProtectiveLoyalLoving
Intelligent Rank
How smart is the Beauceron? Is the Beauceron breed dumb or smart?
Smart: Beauceron's has great intelligence. They understand and memorize new commands in 15-25 repetitions.

The Beauceron is among the smartest dogs in the intelligence ranking.

Trainability
Are Beauceron dogs easy to train? Do they go well on dog training?
A slightly harder to train than average. Beaucerons aren't famous for their trainability. This breed needs more time and repetition to obey. It's challenging to teach them new commands, but not impossible.
Playfulness
How playful is this breed?
The Beauceron is a playful breed. Excited barking and sometimes nipping will alert you to play.
Sensitivity Level
How sensitive are they? Beauceron sensitivity:
They are a little bit more sensitive than other dog breeds. Soft punishment affects them emotionally. Beaucerons don't tolerate irregular daily routine, noisy household, and frequent guest visits really well.

They are receptive to their owner's emotions and make wonderful family companions.

Affection Level
How affectionate are they? Is a Beauceron a good family dog?
Average to High: Beaucerons are highly affectionate dogs. They like being involved in the family's life. This breed isn't considered an aloof dog.
Social Needs
How much social interaction does the Bas-Rouge need? Beauceron social needs:
Beaucerons are a social breed. They enjoy being around people or other animals. This breed doesn't tolerate being left alone.
Barking
Do Beauceron dogs bark a lot? Are they barkers/noisy? Why does my Bas-Rouge bark?
Average: The Beauceron barks occasionally. They can change their barks depending on their emotional level and what they're trying to say. Different barks could mean the same and the same barks could have different meanings.

Top reasons for barking: protection, alarm, fear, boredom, attention-seeking, greeting, separation anxiety, compulsive barking.

Watchdog Ability
Is Beauceron good as a watchdog? Are they alert at night?
Beaucerons are one of the best watchdogs. Their main job is to observe and they're very consistent in their effort. The best vocal cords and sense of hearing belong to them. Usually, they're very territorial and protective about their property, so the Beauceron dogs will alert you if they sense something different.
Guarding Behavior / Territorial
Do Beauceron dogs have aggressive behavior to protect their home/house/territory? Do they have guarding instincts?
Beaucerons are extremely protective guard dogs. This breed doesn't hesitate to protect its territory so the Beauceron can be a good choice if you want an excellent guard dog. Keep calm and the Beauceron will take care of unwanted people or animals.
Biting Potential
Do Beauceron bite humans? How likely are you to get bitten from the Bas-Rouge? What are the odds of getting bitten by a Beauceron? Why do dog bites happen?

Low 🔽

The Beauceron has a low chance of biting somebody. Top reasons for dog bite: protection, pain, excitement, herding instinct, being provoked. (Data based on the available online bite statistics.)
Bite Force
Does the Beauceron has a hard bite? What is the bite force of a Beauceron? How much bite force does a Beauceron have?

Between 200 and 400 PSI

Beauceron bite force: Ordinary. Average dogs have a bite force between 200 and 400 PSI.

The Beauceron, and many others, have a fearsome presence because they have significant jaw strength, so it is important not to anger the dog and have it around strangers until it is fully trained.

However, they are usually quite calm and good companions, they work well in families and are easy to care for.

Mouthiness
How much mouthing/nipping/play biting does the Beauceron do?
Beaucerons have a higher than average tendency to nip, chew, play-bite, or herd people. It's a common habit during puppyhood, not aggressive behavior. These "bites" don't hurt, but Beaucerons need to be taught for a good attitude.
Impulse to Wander or Roam
How likely is the Beauceron to run away? Does this breed explore or wander a lot? Does Beauceron roam?
Beaucerons have average wanderlust potential. Sometimes they like to explore the world and they might escape once or twice, but usually, they prefer staying safely at home. Safer to teach them how to get back to you on command.
Prey Drive
Do this canine have a strong prey drive? Does Beauceron have high prey drive?
Beaucerons have low to an average impulse to chase and catch something like a cat or any other small aminals.
Apartment Friendly
Is Beauceron good as an apartment dog? Can they live in a flat?
It is not recommended to keep the Beauceron breed in the home. It does best in the garden, but if you do want to keep it indoors, it should be exercised thoroughly with long daily walks, so you can keep the Beauceron indoors by introducing daily routines.
Adaptability
Are they adaptable and easy-going?
Average: Beaucerons adapt to lifestyle changes and different living environments quite okay usually.
Tolerates Being Left Alone
How long can a Beauceron be left alone?
Beaucerons do best when a family member is at home during the day or if their workplace is dog-friendly so they can take the dog at work.

Beauceron Good With

Stranger Friendly
Are they aggressive or friendly towards/with strangers? Beauceron temperament with other people:
Beaucerons are not the most stranger-friendly dogs.
Pet Friendly
Are they pet-friendly dogs? How well do Beauceron dogs get along with other pets? Are Beauceron dogs good with pets? What is this canine temperament with other pets?
Beaucerons usually don’t get on well with other pets.
Child Friendly
Are Beauceron dogs kid-friendly? Are they good with young children? Beauceron temperament with children:
Beaucerons are kid-friendly dogs. This breed is a good choice if you have children.
Cat Friendly
How well do Beauceron dogs get along with cats? Are they good with kittens? What is this fido's temperament with cats? Can they be good with cats? Can the Beauceron breed live with a cat?
Beaucerons are not the most cat-friendly dogs.
Dog Friendly
Is Beauceron good with other dogs? Are they dog-friendly dogs? How well do Beauceron dogs get along with other dogs?
Beaucerons are not the most dog-friendly dogs. If you want more dogs in your family or you'd like to join dog meetups, the Beauceron is not a good choice.
Good For First Time Owners
Is Beauceron breed good for first-time owners? Do they make a good dog for novice owners? Is Beauceron breed suitable for first-time owners?
No
Beaucerons are not good for novice owners, due to their stubborn personality.
Office Friendly
Are Beaucerons good office dogs? Do Beaucerons make good office friendly dogs? Can Beaucerons be office dogs?
No
Beauceron is not the best dog breed for office environment.
Senior Citizens Friendly
Are they senior citizens friendly dogs? How well do Beauceron dogs get along with the elderly people? What is the Bas-Rouge temperament with senior people? Are Beauceron dogs good for elderly owners?
Beaucerons are usually recommended for elderly people.

Beauceron Health

Health Issues
Is it a healthy or unhealthy breed? Do Beauceron dogs have health problems or genetic diseases?
Beaucerons tend to have more frequent health issues than other breeds. Regular vet check-ups are needed.
Veterinarian Visits
How often does the Beauceron breed need to go to the vet? How often should you take your dog to the vet? How often should the Beauceron see the vet?
Frequent
The Beauceron should have a complete physical check-up at least once (but preferably twice) per year. If your dog shows any symptoms, call your veterinarian.
Life Expectancy
How long do Beauceron dogs live? How old can a Beauceron be? What is the age limit of the Beauceron? How many years can the oldest Beauceron live?

What is the average life expectancy / lifespan of a Beauceron?

10-12 years
The average lifespan of Beauceron: 11 years
Hypoallergenic
Is the Beauceron breed hypoallergenic?
No
Beaucerons don't do well with allergy sufferers by causing allergic reaction. Some of the dog breeds are even considered to higher the possibility of an allergic response. Coat type isn't necessarily relevant, because most people are allergic to dander (flakes on the dog's skin) or saliva, not actually to dog hair.
Energy Level
How much energy does the Beauceron have? What is the activity level of the Beauceron?
Beaucerons are high-energy dogs. An active lifestyle makes them happy.
Activity Requirement / Exercise Need
How much exercise does a Beauceron need? How much exercise do Beauceron dogs require per day?
Beaucerons need quite a lot of exercise. Daily walks should be on schedule. If you live an active life, this breed can be a good choice for you.
Sleeping Need
How much sleep does the Beauceron breed need?
Beaucerons don't need too much sleep. They are energetic and desire to live an active life. If you think naps are overrated, this breed can be the best choice for you.
Average daily food consumption
How much food does a Beauceron need? What dog products should I buy? How much food does a Beauceron breed eat per day? What is good dog food for Beauceron? How much food should I feed my Beauceron?
6 to 8 cups of high-quality dry food a day, divided into two meals.
Weight Gain Potential / Prone to Obesity
How easy to gain weight for this dog? Beauceron risk for obesity:
Average to High: If you don't pay attention to the Beauceron's weight, he can easily gain weight. More than one daily walk should be on schedule. To make your dog happy and fit, feed him with quality dry dog food and live an active life together. Try to find the happy medium between exercise and feeding.

If you notice any weight gain, consult your veterinarian and make a diet plan. Reduce unhealthy food and snacks, and measure the Beauceron's weight regularly.

Weather and Climate
Which weather condition is preferred by this dog? Can they tolerate hot or cold weather and climate?
Prefers average to cold weather conditions
The Beauceron can adapt to well to cold weather conditions, some dogs even can be a good mountain dog.
Stinkiness
How stinky is this dog? Why does it smell bad and how to get rid of the smell?

Medium

The Beauceron has an average chance of bad smell. Top reasons for dog stinkiness: infection of bad tooth/ear/skin folds, gas attacks.
Drooling Tendency
Does the Beauceron drool?
The Beauceron is an average drooler. Drooling is the unintentional saliva flowing outside of the mouth. It can be completely normal or a sign of a health problem.

If you notice any change in your dog's drooling habit, you should contact a vet as soon as possible.

Beauceron As a Working Dog

Service Dog
Are they good as service dogs? Can Beauceron be a guide dog? Are they used as seeing-eye dogs?

Not really

This breed generally not used as a service dog. A service dog is a term used in the USA to refer to any type of assistance dog specifically trained to help people who have disabilities, such as visual impairment, hearing impairments, mental disorders, seizures, mobility impairment, and diabetes. Service dogs are protected under the ADA (Americans with Disabilities Act).

Beauceron is not the best breed for service purposes.

Therapy Dog
Are they good as therapy dogs? Can Beauceron be a therapy dog? Are they good anxiety dogs? Can a Beauceron be an emotional support animal?

Not really

This breed is generally not used as a therapy dog. A therapy dog is a dog that might be trained to provide affection, comfort, and love to people in hospitals, retirement homes, nursing homes, schools, hospices, disaster areas, and people with anxiety disorders or autism.

Beauceron is not the best breed for therapeutic purposes.

Detection Dog or Sniffer Dog
Are they good as detection dogs? Can Beauceron be a sniffer dog?

Not really

They are not typically employed for this type of work, but there may be exceptional cases. A detection dog or sniffer dog is a dog that is trained to use its senses (mostly its smell) to detect substances such as explosives, illegal drugs, wildlife scat, currency, blood, and contraband electronics such as illicit mobile phones.

Beauceron is not the best breed for detection purposes.

Search and Rescue Dog (SAR)
Are they good as SAR dogs? Can Beauceron be a search and rescue dog?

Not really

This dog breed is not typically used as a search and rescue dog. The use of dogs in search and rescue (SAR) is a valuable component in wilderness tracking, natural disasters, mass casualty events, and locating missing people.

The Beauceron is not the best breed for SAR purposes.

Boat and Sailor Dog
Are they good as boat dogs? Can Beauceron be a boat dog?

Not really

Beauceron breed usually doesn't like being on a boat.

Boat dogs were typically bred for their strength, stamina, and water resistance, as they were often required to perform tasks such as pulling in fishing nets, and jumping into the water to retrieve ropes or lines, or helping to move cargo.

Sailor dog is a type of dog that was bred to accompany sailors on their voyages. They were typically used for three purposes: as a working dog, a watchdog, and as a companion. A boat dog is a term used to describe a type of dog that was traditionally bred and used as a working dog on boats.

Cart Pulling or Drafting Dog
Are they good as cart pulling dogs? Can Beauceron be a drafting dog?

Not really

A drafting dog or draft dog is a dog bred and used for cart pulling. Dogs bred for this work have strong builds and qualities that are needed, strength and determination.

Beauceron is not the best breed for drafting purposes.

Fighting Dog / Military Dog
Where Beauceron dogs used as fighting / military dogs in history?

Not really

In history, this breed was not really used for combat dog.

Beauceron Reproducibility

Gestation Length
How long is a Beauceron pregnant?How long does it take to have puppies? How to tell if the Beauceron breed is pregnant?

60-64 days

Reproductive cycle of the female Beauceron: The first period called Proestrus lasts for about 9 days.

During this time the females start to attract males. You can notice by swelling vulva and bloody discharge.

The second part is the Estrus when the female is receptive for the male. It lasts for about 3 to 11 days.

The sign of the proestrus part is the soft and enlarged vulva. The discharge decreases and lightens in color.

The third part is the Diestrus. Normally, it occurs around day 14. In this period the female’s discharge changes for vivid red and coming to its end. The vulva returns to average, and she will no longer permit mating.

The fourth part called the Anestrus. The time frame between heat periods normally lasts about six months.

Litter Frequency

Once a year.

More frequent breeding is not healthy. It is very important not to buy a dog from a puppy mill, where the needs of the pups and their mothers are ignored. It's an inhumane high-volume dog breeding facility, where puppies born several times a year.
Litter Size
How many puppies can the Beauceron have in a litter? How many puppies can the Beauceron breed have for the first time? How many puppies does a Beauceron have? How many puppies can a Beauceron give birth to?
6-7 puppies

Beauceron Recognition

AKC Group
Is Beauceron recognized by the American Kennel Club?
Recognized by the American Kennel Club in 2007 as a Herding breed.
FCI Group
Is Beauceron recognized by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI)?
Recognized by FCI in the Sheepdogs and Cattledogs (except Swiss Cattledogs) group, in the Sheepdogs section.

Beauceron Pros and Cons

Pros
  • Intelligent Rank: Smart: Beauceron's has great intelligence.
  • Grooming: Easy to groom: The Beauceron doesn't require a lot of grooming.
  • Watchdog Ability: Beaucerons are one of the best watchdogs.
  • Child Friendly: Beaucerons are kid-friendly dogs.
  • Senior Citizens Friendly: Beaucerons are usually recommended for elderly people.
Cons
  • Trainability: A slightly harder to train than average.
  • Health Issues: Beaucerons tend to have more frequent health issues than other breeds.
  • Hypoallergenic: Beaucerons don't do well with allergy sufferers by causing allergic reaction.
  • Apartment Friendly: It is not recommended to keep the Beauceron breed in the home.
  • Weight Gain Potential / Prone to Obesity: Average to High: If you don't pay attention to the Beauceron's weight, he can easily gain weight.
  • Mouthiness: Beaucerons have a higher than average tendency to nip, chew, play-bite, or herd people.
  • Tolerates Being Left Alone: Beaucerons do best when a family member is at home during the day or if their workplace is dog-friendly so they can take the dog at work.
  • Cat Friendly: Beaucerons are not the most cat-friendly dogs.
  • Dog Friendly: Beaucerons are not the most dog-friendly dogs.
  • Office Friendly: Beauceron is not the best dog breed for office environment.
  • Good For First Time Owners: Beaucerons are not good for novice owners, due to their stubborn personality.

Beauceron History

The Beauceron is the largest of French sheepdogs. Although it was almost unknown outside of France, it has a long history as it was an old breed developed very slowly in France with no crosses from foreign countries. One of the earliest records and descriptions of this breed is believed to be found in written form in a Renaissance manuscript in 1578. According to some researches, the Beauceron is thought to be descended from an ancient canine designated by paleontologists as the “Chien des Tourbieres” from the French Jura, that was domesticated as a large hunting dog.

Furthermore its name originates from the La Beauce region in Paris, also known as ‘berger de Beauce’ (shepherd of Beauce) and ‘bas rouge’ (red stockings). The first author who differentiated between the long and short-coated varieties was Abbe Rozier at the very beginning of the 19th century, describing them as the ‘Berger de Brie’ and ‘Berger de Beauce’. According to this identification, the breed was separated into two working types in 1893, and in the same year, the first Berger de Beauce was enrolled by the Société Centrale Canine. In France, the Beauceron had to be confirmed and be able to pass a character test with acceptable ratings. This breed’s job was to serve farms, defend the family (they were especially loving with children) and guard sheep and cattle. Later, during the two world wars, they were also used as messengers by the French army as they had an excellent instinct following commands without any hesitation. Another interesting factor is that they were also used in mine tracking and continued to be used as police dogs in search as well as in rescue. They were powerful dogs and had an excellent physique, being able to work for long hours.

Moreover in the 1960s the French Ministry of Agriculture actually asked the Society Central Canine to make a confirmation examination to ensure and preserve the qualities of the ancient sheepdog so it would be protected. They were worried that this breed would die out as it actually faced extinction twice already due to both world wars because they were not only used as messengers but also as bomb dogs. Not so much later in the 1990s, the Beauceron was recognized by the United Kennel Club and also got accepted into the AKC Foundation Stock Service for registration.

Rate The Beauceron Breed

Beauceron Comments, Reviews and Questions

  • Amanda

    Jul 25, 2022, 5:43:42 PM:

    Great, loyal velcro dogs. Stubborn and intelligent but loyal companions when trained well. Great for off-leash hiking.

  • Amanda

    Jul 25, 2022, 5:43:26 PM:

    Great, loyal velcro dogs. Stubborn and intelligent but loyal companions when trained well. Great for off-leash hiking.

  • Kirsten

    Apr 28, 2022, 2:41:59 AM:

    So much wrong with this beauceron data, I don’t even know where to start…let me know if you want real information on a beauceron

  • HibouMyope

    Oct 30, 2020, 9:38:24 AM: