Rottweiler Information & Dog Breed Facts

Collection of all the general dog breed info about Rottweiler so you can get to know the breed more.

Group Working Dogs
Popularity Rank8
Reviews9
User Ratings
Compare the Rottweiler With Other Dogs
Select at least one dog breed to make the comparsion.
 
 
Rottweiler dog profile picture
OriginGermany flagGermany
Other Names
What other names does the Rottweiler have?
RottRottie
Breed Type
What type of dog breed is it?
Purebred

Rottweiler Price and Availability

Price
How much does the Rottweiler puppy cost? What is the price range of this puppy? What is the average price of this dog in the United States? Is this puppy expensive? How much should I pay for it?
$1200-$2000
If you choose to purchase the Rottweiler, you should know that the mentioned amount of money is an average of the collected data from breeders’ sites and puppy finder places. If you have a Rottweiler for sale, please advertise it on a reliable website to make sure the Rottweiler gets to a happy place.
Availability
How easy is it to get a Rottweiler?
Very frequent: The Rottweiler is quite easy to get. There is a risk of overbreeding, as it is an extremely popular breed.

Inbreeding is common because of its popularity. A new study suggests that inbreeding contributes to the incidence of disease and health problems.

So be careful, buy from a trustworthy place or kennel and seek the help of an experienced person, a professional, to make the right decision.

Rottweiler Size

Size
What size is this breed? How big is this dog?
Large Giant
Weight
How much does the Rottweiler weigh? Rottweiler weight:
Male: 95-130 pounds (43-59 kg), Female: 85-115 pounds (38-52 kg)
Average Weight
What is the average weight of the Rottweiler? Rottweiler average weight:
Male: 112.5 pounds (51 kg), Female: 100 pounds (45 kg)
Height
How tall is the Rottweiler? Rottweiler height:
Male: 24-27 inches (61-69 cm), Female: 22-25 inches (56-63 cm)
Average Height
What is the average height of this fido? Rottweiler average height:
Male: 25.5 inches (65 cm), Female: 23.5 inches (59.5 cm)

Rottweiler Grooming, Hair and Care

Coat / Hair Types
What type of coat does the Rottweiler have? What does this canine coat/fur look like?
Dense
Colors
What color is the breed's coat? What color is a proper Rottweiler's coat?
MahoganyTanRustBlack
Grooming
How to groom the Rottweiler and how often?
Effortless: The Rottweiler requires minimal grooming. Seasonal flea treatment is needed, but cutting the dog's hair by a professional groomer isn't necessary.

Ears and eyes should be cleaned sometimes to avoid infections. Rottweiler is one of the best choices if you don't have the time, skill, or money to take care of a high-maintenance dog.

Highly recommended for beginners.
Shedding Level
How much do Rottweiler dogs shed? How to control, reduce and prevent the shedding of the Rott?
Rottweilers shed moderately. It's a natural process of the hair growth cycle. Regular brushing reduces the amount of hair that sheds. It mostly depends on their health status and breed type.
Bath Time / Bathing Frequency
How often does the Rottweiler need a bath? How often should bathe this dog? Can I bathe my Rottweiler every day?
4-6 weeks
Average. Experts recommended at least every 4-6 weeks for this family pup. According to a study, 56% of pet parents don’t bathe their dogs as frequently as they should, and 60% use the sniff test when deciding when it’s bath time. Bathing your dog is beneficial to them in more ways than just one. It’s also a good time to look for unusual scratches, bumps, fleas, and other irregularities. When their hair is wet and flat against their body, these details are more visible.

Rottweiler Personality / Temperament

Temperament
What kind of personality does the Rottweiler have? What characteristics or traits does the breed have?
AlertFearlessIndependentLoyalCourageousGood-naturedIntelligentProtective
Intelligent Rank
How smart is the Rottweiler? Are they intelligent?
Outstanding: Rottweiler is one of the brightest dog breeds. They desire to learn tricks and commands often. The limit is your creativity. They understand and memorize new commands in fewer than 5 repetitions. This breed obeys the first command 95% of the time or better.
Trainability
Are Rottweiler dogs easy to train? Do they go well on dog training?
Rottweilers are easy to train. They find out the association between commands and actions quite quickly.
Playfulness
How playful is this breed?
Average: Rottweilers, like any other dog breed, like playing. Sometimes they bark in excitement for playing, but they are not the most playful dog breed.
Sensitivity Level
How sensitive are they? Rottweiler sensitivity:
They are a little bit more sensitive than other dog breeds. Soft punishment affects them emotionally. Rottweilers don't tolerate irregular daily routine, noisy household, and frequent guest visits really well. They are receptive to their owner's emotions and make wonderful family companions.
Affection Level
How affectionate are they? Are they affectionate?
Average: Rottweilers are average dogs regarding their affection level. Some breeds are forthcoming and friendly, while others are independent and don't bond too closely with their owners.
Social Needs
How much social interaction does the Rott need? Rottweiler social needs:
Rottweilers need a lot of social interaction. They desire to always be with someone or around people. This breed hates being left alone.
Barking
Do Rottweiler dogs bark a lot? Are they barkers/noisy? Why does my Rott bark?
Low: The Rottweiler barks none to minimal. Perfect choice if you prefer a quiet breed. Top reasons for barking: protection, alarm, fear, boredom, attention-seeking, greeting, separation anxiety, compulsive barking.
Watchdog Ability
Is Rottweiler good as a watchdog? Are they alert at night?
Rottweilers are one of the best watchdogs. Their main job is to observe and they're very consistent in their effort. The best vocal cords and sense of hearing belong to them. Usually, they're very territorial and protective about their property, so the Rottweiler dogs will alert you if they sense something different.
Guarding Behavior / Territorial
Do Rottweiler dogs have an aggressive behavior to protect their home/house/territory? Do they have guarding instincts?
Rottweilers are extremely protective guard dogs. This breed doesn't hesitate to protect its territory so the Rottweiler can be a good choice if you want an excellent guard dog. Keep calm and the Rottweiler will take care of unwanted people or animals.
Biting Potential
Do Rottweiler bite humans? How likely are you to get bitten from the Rott? What are the odds of getting bitten by a Rottweiler? Why do dog bites happen?

High 🔼

The Rottweiler has a high chance of biting somebody. Top reasons for dog bite: protection, pain, excitement, herding instinct, being provoked. (Data based on the available online bite statistics.)
Bite Force
Does the Rottweiler has a hard bite?

Between 200 and 400 PSI

Rottweiler bite force: Ordinary. Average dogs have a bite force between 200 and 400 PSI. The Rottweiler, and many others, have a fearsome presence because they have significant jaw strength, so it is important not to anger the dog and have it around strangers until it is fully trained. However, they are usually quite calm and good companions, they work well in families and are easy to care for.
Mouthiness
How much mouthing/nipping/play biting does the Rottweiler do?
Rottweilers have an average tendency to nip, chew, play-bite, or herd people. It's a common habit during puppyhood, not aggressive behavior. These "bites" don't hurt, but Rottweilers need to be taught for a good attitude.
Impulse to Wander or Roam
How likely is the Rottweiler to run away? Does this breed explore or wander a lot? Does Rottweiler roam?
Rottweilers tend to escape less than other breeds. They have low to average wanderlust potential. Exploring the world is not the best activity they can imagine.
Prey Drive
Do this canine have a strong prey drive? Does Rottweiler have high prey drive?
Rottweilers have a higher impulse to chase and catch something than other dog breeds. Cats or any other small animals might be in danger. It's a natural instinct, doesn't necessarily mean that Rottweilers are aggressive. Better to keep this breed on a leash.
Apartment Friendly
Is Rottweiler good as an apartment dog? Can they live in a flat?
It is not the best choice if you want to keep them indoors, however, with careful exercise and several walks a day, they will tolerate the indoor environment, so it is possible to keep Rottweiler indoors.
Adaptability
Are they adaptable and easy-going?
Average: Rottweilers adapt to lifestyle changes and different living environments quite okay usually.
Tolerates Being Left Alone
Can you leave this breed home alone?
Rottweilers tend to have separation anxiety when their owners left them alone at home because they bond very closely with them.

Rottweiler Good With

Stranger Friendly
Are they aggressive or friendly towards/with strangers? Rottweiler temperament with other people:
Rottweilers are not stranger friendly dogs.
Pet Friendly
Are they pet-friendly dogs? How well do Rottweiler dogs get along with other pets? Are Rottweiler dogs good with pets? What is this canine temperament with other pets?
Rottweilers are generally with other pets.
Child Friendly
Are Rottweiler dogs kid-friendly? Are they good with young children? Rottweiler temperament with children:
Rottweilers are not the most kid-friendly dogs. If you have children, you may have to reconsider your choice of having a puppy from this breed.
Cat Friendly
How well do Rottweiler dogs get along with cats? Are they good with kittens? What is this fido's temperament with cats? Can they be good with cats?
Rottweilers are average friendly towards cats.
Dog Friendly
Is Rottweiler good with other dogs? Are they dog-friendly dogs? How well do Rottweiler dogs get along with other dogs? What is this canine temperament with other dogs?
Rottweilers are not dog-friendly. If you want more dogs in your family or you'd like to join dog meetups, the Rottweiler is not the best choice.
Good For First Time Owners
Is Rottweiler breed good for first-time owners? Do they make a good dog for novice owners?
Yes
Rottweilers are good for novice owners, due to their easy-going personality.
Office Friendly
Are Rottweilers good office dogs? Do Rottweilers make good office friendly dogs? Can Rottweilers be office dogs?
No
Rottweiler is not the best dog breed for office environment.
Senior Citizens Friendly
Are they senior citizens friendly dogs? How well do Rottweiler dogs get along with the elderly people? What is the Rott temperament with senior people? Are Rottweiler dogs good for elderly owners?
Rottweilers are not the best breed for elderly people.

Rottweiler Health

Health Issues
Is it a healthy or unhealthy breed? Do Rottweiler dogs have health problems or genetic diseases?
The Rottweiler is a healthy breed, but there are certain health issues that you should check with your vet regularly.
Health Problems
What genetic/health problems does the Rottweiler breed have? What are the health issues and concerns of the Rottweiler breed? Most common health risks of Rottweiler:
AllergiesAortic StenosisBloatElbow DysplasiaHip DysplasiaHypothyroidismOsteosarcomaPanosteitisSubvalvular Aortic Stenosis
Veterinarian Visits
How often does the Rottweiler breed need to go to the vet? How often should you take your dog to the vet? How often should the Rottweiler see the vet?
Average
The Rottweiler should have a complete physical check-up at least once per year. If your dog shows any symptoms, call your veterinarian.
Life Expectancy
How long do Rottweiler dogs live? What is the average lifespan of this breed? How old can a Rottweiler be? What is the age limit of the Rottweiler? How many years can the oldest Rottweiler live?
8-12 years
The average lifespan of Rottweiler: 10 years
Hypoallergenic
Is the Rottweiler breed hypoallergenic?
No
Rottweilers don't do well with allergy sufferers by causing allergic reaction. Some of the dog breeds are even considered to higher the possibility of an allergic response. Coat type isn't necessarily relevant, because most people are allergic to dander (flakes on the dog's skin) or saliva, not actually to dog hair.
Energy Level
How much energy does the Rottweiler have? What is the activity level of the Rottweiler?
Rottweilers have a higher energy level than other dog breeds. If you want a dog for snuggling on the couch, this breed isn't the perfect choice for you.
Activity Requirement / Exercise Need
How much activity does this dog need? How much exercise do Rottweiler dogs require per day?
Rottweilers have an average exercise need. This breed is satisfied with short walks every weekday and a long one on weekends.
Sleeping Need
How much sleep does this fido need?
Rottweilers are quite energetic dogs and they don't spend too much time with sleeping. If you live an active life, this breed can be a good choice for you.
Average daily food consumption
How much food does the Rottweiler need? How often should I feed my canine? What dog products should I buy?
Recommended daily amount: 4 to 10 cups of high-quality dry food a day, divided into two meals.
Weight Gain Potential / Prone to Obesity
How easy to gain weight for this dog? Rottweiler risk for obesity:
High: The Rottweiler breed has a strong tendency to be overweight. Try to find the happy medium between exercise and feeding. If you want to keep balance, increase the amount and frequency of your daily dog walk and play with the Rottweiler more often. If you notice any weight gain, consult your veterinarian and make a diet plan. Reduce unhealthy food and snacks, and measure the Rottweiler's weight regularly.
Weather and Climate
Which weather condition is preferred by this dog? Can they tolerate hot or cold weather and climate?
Prefers average to warm weather conditions
Different dogs have different preferences when it comes to weather conditions. However, in general, most dogs prefer average to warm weather conditions, as they typically find hot weather conditions to be uncomfortable and taxing.
Stinkiness
How stinky is this dog? Why does it smell bad and how to get rid of the smell?

Medium

The Rottweiler has an average chance of bad smell. Top reasons for dog stinkiness: infection of bad tooth/ear/skin folds, gas attacks.
Drooling Tendency
Does the Rottweiler drool?
The Rottweiler drools quite a lot, so if you dislike being covered by slobber spots on your clothes, you may want to choose another dog breed. Drooling is the unintentional saliva flowing outside of the mouth. It can be completely normal or a sign of a health problem. Certain dog breeds drool more than others, just like the Rottweiler. If you notice any change in your dog's drooling habit, you should contact a vet as soon as possible.

Rottweiler As a Working Dog

Service Dog
Are they good as service dogs? Can Rottweiler be a guide dog? Are they used as seeing-eye dogs?

Yes

This breed makes good as a service dog. A service dog is a term used in the USA to refer to any type of assistance dog specifically trained to help people who have disabilities, such as visual impairment, hearing impairments, mental disorders, seizures, mobility impairment, and diabetes. Service dogs are protected under the ADA (Americans with Disabilities Act). Rottweiler breed is a good choice for service purposes.
Therapy Dog
Are they good as therapy dogs? Can Rottweiler be a therapy dog? Are they good anxiety dogs? Can a Rottweiler be an emotional support animal?

Yes

This breed makes a perfect therapy dog. A therapy dog is a dog that might be trained to provide affection, comfort, and love to people in hospitals, retirement homes, nursing homes, schools, hospices, disaster areas, and to people with anxiety disorders or autism. Rottweiler breed is a good choice for therapeutic purposes.
Detection Dog or Sniffer Dog
Are they good as detection dogs? Can Rottweiler be a sniffer dog?

Not really

They are not typically employed for this type of work, but there may be exceptional cases. A detection dog or sniffer dog is a dog that is trained to use its senses (mostly its smell) to detect substances such as explosives, illegal drugs, wildlife scat, currency, blood, and contraband electronics such as illicit mobile phones. Rottweiler is not the best breed for detection purposes.
Search and Rescue Dog (SAR)
Are they good as SAR dogs? Can Rottweiler be a search and rescue dog?

Not really

This dog breed is not typically used as a search and rescue dog. The use of dogs in search and rescue (SAR) is a valuable component in wilderness tracking, natural disasters, mass casualty events, and locating missing people. The Rottweiler is not the best breed for SAR purposes.
Boat and Sailor Dog
Are they good as boat dogs? Can Rottweiler be a boat dog?

Not really

Rottweiler breed usually doesn't like being on a boat.

Boat dogs were typically bred for their strength, stamina, and water resistance, as they were often required to perform tasks such as pulling in fishing nets, and jumping into the water to retrieve ropes or lines, or helping to move cargo.

Sailor dog is a type of dog that was bred to accompany sailors on their voyages. They were typically used for three purposes: as a working dog, a watchdog, and as a companion. A boat dog is a term used to describe a type of dog that was traditionally bred and used as a working dog on boats.

Cart Pulling or Drafting Dog
Are they good as cart pulling dogs? Can Rottweiler be a drafting dog?

Yes

A drafting dog or draft dog is a dog bred and used for cart pulling. Dogs bred for this work have strong builds and qualities that are needed, strength and determination. Rottweiler breed is a good choice for drafting purposes.
Fighting Dog / Military Dog
Where Rottweiler dogs used as fighting / military dogs in history?

Yes

In history, this breed was unfortunately used for combat dogs. A combat dog is a specially trained dog that is used in warfare to help protect military personnel and assets. Combat dogs are often deployed in areas where there is potential for contact with the enemy, such as during raids or search operations. Combat dogs are typically assigned to either infantry or special operations units. They are used for a variety of tasks including area security, sentry duty, trackers, and explosive detection. In addition to their combat roles, combat dogs also play an important role in troop morale by providing companionship and emotional support.

Rottweiler Reproducibility

Gestation Length
How long does this dog's pregnancy last? How long does this dog pregnant? How long does it take to have puppies?

60-64 days

Reproductive cycle of the female Rottweiler: The first period called Proestrus lasts for about 9 days. During this time the females start to attract males. You can notice by swelling vulva and bloody discharge. The second part is the Estrus when the female is receptive for the male. It lasts for about 3 to 11 days. The sign of the proestrus part is the soft and enlarged vulva. The discharge decreases and lightens in color. The third part is the Diestrus. Normally, it occurs around day 14. In this period the female’s discharge changes for vivid red and coming to its end. The vulva returns to average, and she will no longer permit mating. The fourth part called the Anestrus. The time frame between heat periods normally lasts about six months.
Litter Frequency

Once a year.

More frequent breeding is not healthy. It is very important not to buy a dog from a puppy mill, where the needs of the pups and their mothers are ignored. It's an inhumane high-volume dog breeding facility, where puppies born several times a year.
Litter Size
How many puppies can the Rottweiler have? What is the average litter size of this fido?
8-12 puppies

Rottweiler Recognition

AKC Group
Is Rottweiler recognized by the American Kennel Club?
Recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1931 as a Working breed.
FCI Group
Is Rottweiler recognized by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI)?
Recognized by FCI in the Pinscher and Schnauzer - Molossoid and Swiss Mountain and Cattledogs group, in the Molossian type section.
Breed Recognition
What kennel clubs and organizations recognize or register the Rottweiler breed?
American Canine RegistryAmerican Kennel ClubAmerica's Pet RegistryCanadian Kennel ClubDog Registry of America Inc.Federation Cynologique InternationaleKennel Club of Great BritainNorth American Purebred Registry, Inc.American Canine Association, Inc.Australian National Kennel CouncilContinental Kennel ClubNational Kennel ClubNew Zealand Kennel ClubUnited Kennel ClubColonial Rottweiler ClubDeutscher Rottweiler KlubInternational Rottweiler Club

Rottweiler Pros and Cons

Pros
  • Intelligent Rank: Outstanding: Rottweiler is one of the brightest dog breeds.
  • Trainability: Rottweilers are easy to train.
  • Grooming: Effortless: The Rottweiler requires minimal grooming.
  • Watchdog Ability: Rottweilers are one of the best watchdogs.
  • Impulse to Wander or Roam: Rottweilers tend to escape less than other breeds.
  • Good For First Time Owners: Rottweilers are good for novice owners, due to their easy-going personality.
  • Service Dog: This breed makes good as a service dog.
  • Therapy Dog: This breed makes a perfect therapy dog.
  • Cart Pulling or Drafting Dog: A drafting dog or draft dog is a dog bred and used for cart pulling.
Cons
  • Hypoallergenic: Rottweilers don't do well with allergy sufferers by causing allergic reaction.
  • Drooling Tendency: The Rottweiler drools quite a lot, so if you dislike being covered by slobber spots on your clothes, you may want to choose another dog breed.
  • Weight Gain Potential / Prone to Obesity: High: The Rottweiler breed has a strong tendency to be overweight.
  • Tolerates Being Left Alone: Rottweilers tend to have separation anxiety when their owners left them alone at home because they bond very closely with them.
  • Child Friendly: Rottweilers are not the most kid-friendly dogs.
  • Dog Friendly: Rottweilers are not dog-friendly.
  • Office Friendly: Rottweiler is not the best dog breed for office environment.
  • Senior Citizens Friendly: Rottweilers are not the best breed for elderly people.

Rottweiler History

According to historians, several records have been found of ancient Rome which suggests that the Rottweiler comes from the drover (herding) dogs which were popular in Rome. The Roman legions went on long campaigns to conquer and protect many parts of the empire and they used the dogs to guard and herd the necessary animals which accompanied them on their trips, to provide food for their armies.

The ancestors marched to Germany with the Roman, driving the cattle that sustained them as they conquered the known world. When Germany repelled the Roman legion around 200 AD, some canine cattle drovers were left behind in Southern Germany. Those mated with dogs that were native to the areas and laid the foundation for new breeds. One of the areas which they passed through was Southern Germany, where Romans set up colonies to take advantage of the climate and soil that was suitable for agriculture. The German locals saw the potential of the large mastiff-like dogs and soon as the centuries went by, Rottweilers flourished as a market area for cattle. The German equivalent of a Texas Cowtown and the descendants of the Roman Molossus dogs drove the cattle to town for butchering. To keep their money safe from thieves after selling their livestock, the cattlemen put their filled purses around their Rottweiler’s neck when they returned home. Butchers in the area also used the dogs to pull carts loaded with meat.

However, eventually, as the technology developed, rail transport replaced cattle drives and the Rottweiler almost became extinct as their main job was not needed anymore. In 1882, at a dog show in Heilbronn, Germany, only one nondescript Rottweiler was exhibited. The situation only started to change around the beginning of the 1900s when the Rottweiler and Leonberger Club was founded and the first Rottweiler breed standard was written. However, the description of the breed’s appearance and character has changed a little since then.

In the 20th century, Rottweilers were being used in police work for which they were well suited because of its nature of the mastiff-like dog as a guard dog. Several Rottweiler breed clubs were also formed over the years, but the most famous one was the Allgemeiner Deutscher Rottweiler Klub (ADRK), which was founded in 1921. The ADRK survived the Second World War and has continued to promote good breeding programs in Germany and throughout the whole world. It is the main goal, of course, is to preserve the working ability of the Rottweiler. It is believed that the first type of this breed went to the USA with a German immigrant in the late 1920s. The first litter was whelped in 1930, and the first dog registered by the American Kennel Club was in 1931. After World War II, the breed started to become more and more popular in the USA as well as in other countries. At that time it was primarily known as an excellent obedience dog. In the mid-1900s more than 100,00 were registered with the American Kennel Club.

However, it is important to highlight that when a breed becomes popular it isn’t always a good thing because people take advantage of it and breeders start producing puppies without regard for health and temperament problems and this is what happened to this breed until the demand for them decreased. Overall, dedicated breeders made sure that the breed stayed true to what it was meant to be. Today they rank 17th among the 155 breeds registered by the American Kennel Club.

Rate The Rottweiler Breed

Rottweiler Comments, Reviews and Questions

  • Rocky

    Feb 25, 2022, 10:24:38 AM:

    I love him

  • nia

    Jan 26, 2022, 6:08:23 AM:

  • Irina Dumitrascu

    Oct 3, 2021, 6:03:32 PM:

    A wondeful breed IF bought from a responsible breeder, especially if early neurologial stimulation and puppy culture were followed. I will own rottweilers till the day I die.

  • Thisas Nethaka

    Apr 15, 2021, 4:19:59 PM:

  • t

    Nov 29, 2020, 7:19:59 AM:

  • HELLO TOO BIG

    Nov 19, 2020, 9:18:05 PM:

    TOO HUGE AND BIG!! I AGREE WITH SOMEONE!!!

  • Rottweiler

    Apr 6, 2020, 10:53:04 PM:

    Very loyal , Loving, Happy Socialite with other dogs , Extremely Intelligent and very Protective of his owners , Loves exercise daily at least twice a day , Loves Running & walking and swimming

  • Hi

    Nov 18, 2019, 2:30:59 PM:

    The big big dog