Belgian Tervuren Information & Dog Breed Facts

Collection of all the general dog breed info about Belgian Tervuren so you can get to know the breed more.

Group Pastoral / Herding Dogs
Popularity Rank103
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Belgian Tervuren dog profile picture
OriginBelgium flagBelgium
Other Names
What other names does the Belgian Tervuren have?
Tervuren
Breed Type
What type of dog breed is it?
Purebred

Belgian Tervuren Price and Availability

Price
How much does the Belgian Tervuren puppy cost? What is the price range of this puppy? What is the average price of this dog in the United States? How much money is a Belgian Tervuren?
$1200-$1400
If you choose to purchase the Belgian Tervuren, you should know that the mentioned amount of money is an average of the collected data from breeders’ sites and puppy finder places. If you have a Belgian Tervuren for sale, please advertise it on a reliable website to make sure the Belgian Tervuren gets to a happy place.
Availability
How easy is it to get a Belgian Tervuren? How many Belgian Tervuren are there in the world?
Frequent: The Belgian Tervuren is easier than average to get. Maybe there is some risk of overbreeding, as it is a popular breed.

Due to its popularity, inbreeding may occur. A new study shows that inbreeding contributes to the incidence of disease and health problems.

So be careful and seek the help of an experienced person or a professional, in making your decision.

Belgian Tervuren Size

Size
Is a Belgian Tervuren small, medium or large dog?

How big do Belgian Tervuren get?

Large
Weight
How much does the Belgian Tervuren weigh? How much should the Belgian Tervuren breed weight? What is the normal weight of a Belgian Tervuren?
Male: 65-75 pounds (29-34 kg), Female: 60-70 pounds (27-32 kg)
Average Weight
What is the average weight of a Belgian Tervuren?
Male: 70 pounds (31.5 kg), Female: 65 pounds (29.5 kg)
Height
How tall is the Belgian Tervuren? Belgian Tervuren height:
Male: 24-26 inches (61-66 cm), Female: 22-24 inches (56-61 cm)
Average Height
What is the average height of a Belgian Tervuren?
Male: 25 inches (63.5 cm), Female: 23 inches (58.5 cm)

Belgian Tervuren Grooming, Hair and Care

Coat / Hair Types
What type of coat does the Belgian Tervuren have? What does this canine coat/fur look like?
ThickDouble
Colors
What color is the breed's coat? What color is a proper Belgian Tervuren's coat?
BrindleCreamFawnBlack
Grooming
How to groom the Belgian Tervuren and how often?
Average: The Belgian Tervuren requires average grooming effort. Cutting the dog's hair by a professional groomer isn't essential.

Brushing the dog's coat is useful to reduce shedding. Ears and eyes should be cleaned regularly to avoid infections.

Don't skip the seasonal flea treatment too. Dog nail trimming and dog bath can be helpful sometimes.

Check the local pet store for dog grooming supplies and find the best dog shampoo to keep its coat healthy and give your dog a pleasant experience of a dog bath.

If you don't have the time, skill, or money to take care of your Belgian Tervuren, search for a dog groomer or clipping service in your area and book an appointment.

Maybe you're lucky to have a dog boarding service that includes grooming or walk-in dog bath places nearby.

Shedding Level
How much do Belgian Tervuren dogs shed? How to control, reduce and prevent the shedding of the Tervuren?
Belgian Tervurens shed moderately. It's a natural process of the hair growth cycle. Regular brushing reduces the amount of hair that sheds. It mostly depends on their health status and breed type.
Bath Time / Bathing Frequency
How often does the Belgian Tervuren need a bath? How often should bathe this dog? Can I bathe my Belgian Tervuren every day?
3-4 weeks
More often than average. These dog coats tend to be longer, softer, and oilier than short-haired breeds. While a good bath every now and then is a great way to keep your buddy from becoming overly smelly, be mindful about overbathing.

Bathing will wash away your dog’s natural oils, while a simple brushing every few days should keep them clean.

Belgian Tervuren Personality / Temperament

Temperament
What kind of personality does the Belgian Tervuren have? What characteristics or traits does the breed have?
AlertEnergeticLoyalAttentiveIntelligentProtective
Intelligent Rank
How smart is the Belgian Tervuren? Is the Belgian Tervuren breed dumb or smart?
Very smart: Belgian Tervuren is an excellent dog breed. You can teach them many tricks and commands. The limit is your creativity. They understand and memorize new commands in 5-15 repetitions. This breed obeys the first command 85% of the time or better.

The Belgian Tervuren is one of the top breeds in the dog intelligence ranking.

Trainability
Are Belgian Tervuren dogs easy to train? Do they go well on dog training?
Belgian Tervurens are very easy to train. They easily find out the association between commands and actions.
Playfulness
How playful is this breed?
The Belgian Tervuren is a highly playful breed. Excited barking and sometimes nipping will alert you to play.
Sensitivity Level
How sensitive are they? Belgian Tervuren sensitivity:
They are a little bit more sensitive than other dog breeds. Soft punishment affects them emotionally. Belgian Tervurens don't tolerate irregular daily routine, noisy household, and frequent guest visits really well.

They are receptive to their owner's emotions and make wonderful family companions.

Affection Level
How affectionate are they? Is a Belgian Tervuren a good family dog?
Average to High: Belgian Tervurens are highly affectionate dogs. They like being involved in the family's life. This breed isn't considered an aloof dog.
Social Needs
How much social interaction does the Tervuren need? Belgian Tervuren social needs:
Belgian Tervurens are a social breed. They enjoy being around people or other animals. This breed doesn't tolerate being left alone.
Barking
Do Belgian Tervuren dogs bark a lot? Are they barkers/noisy? Why does my Tervuren bark?
A lot: Belgian Tervuren is a particularly loud breed. They often enjoy barking and howling loudly. If you want a quiet dog, not the best choice.

The main triggers for barking are fear, attention, alarm, boredom, greeting, separation anxiety, compulsive barking, and defense.

Watchdog Ability
Is Belgian Tervuren good as a watchdog? Are they alert at night?
Belgian Tervurens are one of the best watchdogs. Their main job is to observe and they're very consistent in their effort. The best vocal cords and sense of hearing belong to them. Usually, they're very territorial and protective about their property, so the Belgian Tervuren dogs will alert you if they sense something different.
Guarding Behavior / Territorial
Do Belgian Tervuren dogs have aggressive behavior to protect their home/house/territory? Do they have guarding instincts?
Belgian Tervurens strongly protect their territory. This breed is a complete security guard, so you don't have to be afraid in case of danger.
Biting Potential
Do Belgian Tervuren bite humans? How likely are you to get bitten from the Tervuren? What are the odds of getting bitten by a Belgian Tervuren? Why do dog bites happen?

Low 🔽

The Belgian Tervuren has a low chance of biting somebody. Top reasons for dog bite: protection, pain, excitement, herding instinct, being provoked. (Data based on the available online bite statistics.)
Bite Force
Does the Belgian Tervuren has a hard bite? What is the bite force of a Belgian Tervuren? How much bite force does a Belgian Tervuren have?

Between 200 and 400 PSI

Belgian Tervuren bite force: Ordinary. Average dogs have a bite force between 200 and 400 PSI.

The Belgian Tervuren, and many others, have a fearsome presence because they have significant jaw strength, so it is important not to anger the dog and have it around strangers until it is fully trained.

However, they are usually quite calm and good companions, they work well in families and are easy to care for.

Mouthiness
How much mouthing/nipping/play biting does the Belgian Tervuren do?
Belgian Tervurens have an average tendency to nip, chew, play-bite, or herd people. It's a common habit during puppyhood, not aggressive behavior. These "bites" don't hurt, but Belgian Tervurens need to be taught for a good attitude.
Impulse to Wander or Roam
How likely is the Belgian Tervuren to run away? Does this breed explore or wander a lot? Does Belgian Tervuren roam?
Belgian Tervurens are not the biggest explorers. They have low wanderlust potential. Low chance of escaping from home with this breed.
Prey Drive
Do this canine have a strong prey drive? Does Belgian Tervuren have high prey drive?
Belgian Tervurens have a higher impulse to chase and catch something than other dog breeds. Cats or any other small animals might be in danger. It's a natural instinct, doesn't necessarily mean that Belgian Tervurens are aggressive. Better to keep this breed on a leash.
Apartment Friendly
Is Belgian Tervuren good as an apartment dog? Can they live in a flat?
It is not the best choice if you want to keep them indoors, however, with careful exercise and several walks a day, they will tolerate the indoor environment, so it is possible to keep Belgian Tervuren indoors.
Adaptability
Are they adaptable and easy-going?
Belgian Tervurens adapt very well to lifestyle changes and basically all living environments. They don't mind moving from one place to another with their owner.
Tolerates Being Left Alone
How long can a Belgian Tervuren be left alone?
Belgian Tervurens do best when a family member is at home during the day or if their workplace is dog-friendly so they can take the dog at work.

Belgian Tervuren Good With

Stranger Friendly
Are they aggressive or friendly towards/with strangers? Belgian Tervuren temperament with other people:
Belgian Tervurens are not the most stranger-friendly dogs.
Pet Friendly
Are they pet-friendly dogs? How well do Belgian Tervuren dogs get along with other pets? Are Belgian Tervuren dogs good with pets? What is this canine temperament with other pets?
Belgian Tervurens usually don’t get on well with other pets.
Child Friendly
Are Belgian Tervuren dogs kid-friendly? Are they good with young children? Belgian Tervuren temperament with children:
Belgian Tervurens are kid-friendly dogs. This breed is a good choice if you have children.
Cat Friendly
How well do Belgian Tervuren dogs get along with cats? Are they good with kittens? What is this fido's temperament with cats? Can they be good with cats? Can the Belgian Tervuren breed live with a cat?
Belgian Tervurens are not the most cat-friendly dogs.
Dog Friendly
Is Belgian Tervuren good with other dogs? Are they dog-friendly dogs? How well do Belgian Tervuren dogs get along with other dogs?
Belgian Tervurens are average friendly towards other dogs.
Good For First Time Owners
Is Belgian Tervuren breed good for first-time owners? Do they make a good dog for novice owners? Is Belgian Tervuren breed suitable for first-time owners?
Yes
Belgian Tervurens are good for novice owners, due to their easy-going personality.
Office Friendly
Are Belgian Tervurens good office dogs? Do Belgian Tervurens make good office friendly dogs? Can Belgian Tervurens be office dogs?
No
Belgian Tervuren is not the best dog breed for office environment.
Senior Citizens Friendly
Are they senior citizens friendly dogs? How well do Belgian Tervuren dogs get along with the elderly people? What is the Tervuren temperament with senior people? Are Belgian Tervuren dogs good for elderly owners?
Belgian Tervurens are usually recommended for elderly people.

Belgian Tervuren Health

Health Issues
Is it a healthy or unhealthy breed? Do Belgian Tervuren dogs have health problems or genetic diseases?
The Belgian Tervuren is a healthy breed, but there are certain health issues that you should check with your vet regularly.
Veterinarian Visits
How often does the Belgian Tervuren breed need to go to the vet? How often should you take your dog to the vet? How often should the Belgian Tervuren see the vet?
Average
The Belgian Tervuren should have a complete physical check-up at least once per year. If your dog shows any symptoms, call your veterinarian.
Life Expectancy
How long do Belgian Tervuren dogs live? How old can a Belgian Tervuren be? What is the age limit of the Belgian Tervuren? How many years can the oldest Belgian Tervuren live?

What is the average life expectancy / lifespan of a Belgian Tervuren?

12-14 years
The average lifespan of Belgian Tervuren: 13 years
Hypoallergenic
Is the Belgian Tervuren breed hypoallergenic?
No
Belgian Tervurens don't do well with allergy sufferers by causing allergic reaction. Some of the dog breeds are even considered to higher the possibility of an allergic response. Coat type isn't necessarily relevant, because most people are allergic to dander (flakes on the dog's skin) or saliva, not actually to dog hair.
Energy Level
How much energy does the Belgian Tervuren have? What is the activity level of the Belgian Tervuren?
Belgian Tervurens are high-energy dogs. An active lifestyle makes them happy.
Activity Requirement / Exercise Need
How much exercise does a Belgian Tervuren need? How much exercise do Belgian Tervuren dogs require per day?
Belgian Tervurens need a lot of exercises. Long walks should be on a daily schedule. If you live an active life, this breed can be a good choice for you.
Sleeping Need
How much sleep does the Belgian Tervuren breed need?
Belgian Tervurens are quite energetic dogs and they don't spend too much time with sleeping. If you live an active life, this breed can be a good choice for you.
Average daily food consumption
How much food does a Belgian Tervuren need? What dog products should I buy? How much food does a Belgian Tervuren breed eat per day? What is good dog food for Belgian Tervuren? How much food should I feed my Belgian Tervuren?
2 to 3 cups of a high-quality dog food a day.
Weight Gain Potential / Prone to Obesity
How easy to gain weight for this dog? Belgian Tervuren risk for obesity:
Low to Average: The Belgian Tervuren has a low to the average risk for obesity. To make your dog happy and fit, feed him with quality dry dog food and live an active life together. Try to find the happy medium between exercise and feeding.

If you notice any weight change, consult your veterinarian to make a meal plan, and measure the Belgian Tervuren's weight regularly.

Weather and Climate
Which weather condition is preferred by this dog? Can they tolerate hot or cold weather and climate?
Tolerates warm and cold weather
Dogs that tolerate hot and cold weather are typically those that have a double coat of fur. Dogs with a double coat of fur have a layer of fur that insulates their skin and helps protect them from the cold and the heat.
Stinkiness
How stinky is this dog? Why does it smell bad and how to get rid of the smell?

Medium

The Belgian Tervuren has an average chance of bad smell. Top reasons for dog stinkiness: infection of bad tooth/ear/skin folds, gas attacks.
Drooling Tendency
Does the Belgian Tervuren drool?
The Belgian Tervuren is a perfect example of a very low drooling tendency. If you're disgusted by slobber spots on your clothes, the Belgian Tervuren could be a perfect choice for you. Drooling is the unintentional saliva flowing outside of the mouth. It can be completely normal or a sign of a health problem. Certain dog breeds drool minimum compared to others, just like the Belgian Tervuren.

If you notice any change in your dog's drooling habit, you should contact a vet as soon as possible.

Belgian Tervuren As a Working Dog

Service Dog
Are they good as service dogs? Can Belgian Tervuren be a guide dog? Are they used as seeing-eye dogs?

Not really

This breed generally not used as a service dog. A service dog is a term used in the USA to refer to any type of assistance dog specifically trained to help people who have disabilities, such as visual impairment, hearing impairments, mental disorders, seizures, mobility impairment, and diabetes. Service dogs are protected under the ADA (Americans with Disabilities Act).

Belgian Tervuren is not the best breed for service purposes.

Therapy Dog
Are they good as therapy dogs? Can Belgian Tervuren be a therapy dog? Are they good anxiety dogs? Can a Belgian Tervuren be an emotional support animal?

Not really

This breed is generally not used as a therapy dog. A therapy dog is a dog that might be trained to provide affection, comfort, and love to people in hospitals, retirement homes, nursing homes, schools, hospices, disaster areas, and people with anxiety disorders or autism.

Belgian Tervuren is not the best breed for therapeutic purposes.

Detection Dog or Sniffer Dog
Are they good as detection dogs? Can Belgian Tervuren be a sniffer dog?

Not really

They are not typically employed for this type of work, but there may be exceptional cases. A detection dog or sniffer dog is a dog that is trained to use its senses (mostly its smell) to detect substances such as explosives, illegal drugs, wildlife scat, currency, blood, and contraband electronics such as illicit mobile phones.

Belgian Tervuren is not the best breed for detection purposes.

Search and Rescue Dog (SAR)
Are they good as SAR dogs? Can Belgian Tervuren be a search and rescue dog?

Not really

This dog breed is not typically used as a search and rescue dog. The use of dogs in search and rescue (SAR) is a valuable component in wilderness tracking, natural disasters, mass casualty events, and locating missing people.

The Belgian Tervuren is not the best breed for SAR purposes.

Boat and Sailor Dog
Are they good as boat dogs? Can Belgian Tervuren be a boat dog?

Not really

Belgian Tervuren breed usually doesn't like being on a boat.

Boat dogs were typically bred for their strength, stamina, and water resistance, as they were often required to perform tasks such as pulling in fishing nets, and jumping into the water to retrieve ropes or lines, or helping to move cargo.

Sailor dog is a type of dog that was bred to accompany sailors on their voyages. They were typically used for three purposes: as a working dog, a watchdog, and as a companion. A boat dog is a term used to describe a type of dog that was traditionally bred and used as a working dog on boats.

Cart Pulling or Drafting Dog
Are they good as cart pulling dogs? Can Belgian Tervuren be a drafting dog?

Not really

A drafting dog or draft dog is a dog bred and used for cart pulling. Dogs bred for this work have strong builds and qualities that are needed, strength and determination.

Belgian Tervuren is not the best breed for drafting purposes.

Fighting Dog / Military Dog
Where Belgian Tervuren dogs used as fighting / military dogs in history?

Not really

In history, this breed was not really used for combat dog.

Belgian Tervuren Reproducibility

Gestation Length
How long is a Belgian Tervuren pregnant?How long does it take to have puppies? How to tell if the Belgian Tervuren breed is pregnant?

60-64 days

Reproductive cycle of the female Belgian Tervuren: The first period called Proestrus lasts for about 9 days.

During this time the females start to attract males. You can notice by swelling vulva and bloody discharge.

The second part is the Estrus when the female is receptive for the male. It lasts for about 3 to 11 days.

The sign of the proestrus part is the soft and enlarged vulva. The discharge decreases and lightens in color.

The third part is the Diestrus. Normally, it occurs around day 14. In this period the female’s discharge changes for vivid red and coming to its end. The vulva returns to average, and she will no longer permit mating.

The fourth part called the Anestrus. The time frame between heat periods normally lasts about six months.

Litter Frequency

Once a year.

More frequent breeding is not healthy. It is very important not to buy a dog from a puppy mill, where the needs of the pups and their mothers are ignored. It's an inhumane high-volume dog breeding facility, where puppies born several times a year.
Litter Size
How many puppies can the Belgian Tervuren have in a litter? How many puppies can the Belgian Tervuren breed have for the first time? How many puppies does a Belgian Tervuren have? How many puppies can a Belgian Tervuren give birth to?
6-10 puppies

Belgian Tervuren Recognition

AKC Group
Is Belgian Tervuren recognized by the American Kennel Club?
Recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1959 as a Herding breed.
FCI Group
Is Belgian Tervuren recognized by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI)?
Not recognized by FCI.

Belgian Tervuren Pros and Cons

Pros
  • Intelligent Rank: Very smart: Belgian Tervuren is an excellent dog breed.
  • Trainability: Belgian Tervurens are very easy to train.
  • Drooling Tendency: The Belgian Tervuren is a perfect example of a very low drooling tendency.
  • Weight Gain Potential / Prone to Obesity: Low to Average: The Belgian Tervuren has a low to the average risk for obesity.
  • Watchdog Ability: Belgian Tervurens are one of the best watchdogs.
  • Impulse to Wander or Roam: Belgian Tervurens are not the biggest explorers.
  • Adaptability: Belgian Tervurens adapt very well to lifestyle changes and basically all living environments.
  • Child Friendly: Belgian Tervurens are kid-friendly dogs.
  • Senior Citizens Friendly: Belgian Tervurens are usually recommended for elderly people.
  • Good For First Time Owners: Belgian Tervurens are good for novice owners, due to their easy-going personality.
Cons
  • Hypoallergenic: Belgian Tervurens don't do well with allergy sufferers by causing allergic reaction.
  • Tolerates Being Left Alone: Belgian Tervurens do best when a family member is at home during the day or if their workplace is dog-friendly so they can take the dog at work.
  • Cat Friendly: Belgian Tervurens are not the most cat-friendly dogs.
  • Office Friendly: Belgian Tervuren is not the best dog breed for office environment.

Belgian Tervuren History

One of the four Belgian Sheepdogs

The Belgian Shepherd, also known as the Belgian Sheepdog or Chien de Berger Belge, is a medium-sized Belgian herding dog. The long-haired black Groenendael, the rough-haired fawn Laekenois, the short-haired fawn Malinois, and the long-haired fawn Tervuren are produced in four unique variants based on coat type and colour. In the United States, the American Kennel Club considered the four varieties to be independent breeds. The Tervuren variety has a double coat which is typically fawn in colour with black overlay and with black extremities, although grey with black is also seen sometimes.

Origins

Belgian Shepherds, like comparable Western European breeds like the Bouvier des Ardennes, the Dutch Shepherd, and the German Shepherd Dog, are descended from a common type of herding dog, and for centuries they were employed by Belgian shepherds. Unlike in other European countries, where shepherd breeds were standardized and breeders worked to preserve their breeds throughout the 19th century, the Belgian Shepherd had become obsolete and was on the verge of extinction by the end of the century. The Club de Chien Berger Belge was founded in 1891 with the goal of preserving the kind, and a team led by Professor Adolphe Reul of the Cureghem Veterinary School conducted a field survey. Professor Reul discovered that the Belgian Shepherd type varied significantly in appearance since it had been developed for working capacity for a generation with little regard for shape. Professor Reul’s team assembled 117 specimens as part of their research and began the process of standardizing them into separate types. The Professor’s team initially divided the breed into six different varieties based on coat type and colour. Between 1892, when the first breed standard was drafted, and 1956, the Club de Chien Berger Belge recognized as few as two varieties and as many as eight varieties.

Further development & the breed’s job

Interest in the breed grew quickly, and it became clear that the Belgian Sheepdog, despite its origins as a shepherd or sheepdog, was a versatile animal. They were easily adaptable to a range of functions because of their keen intellect and facile trainability. Moreover, at the beginning of the 20th century, they were already working with police forces in Belgium, Paris, New York City, and New Jersey. The breed was also used as security guards by European border patrols.

However, interbreeding between distinct types was prohibited in 1905, but the interruptions created by World War I resulted in a drop in breed numbers, therefor in 1920 it was decided that matings between the variations should be allowed to conserve the breed and avoid inbreeding difficulties. After the Second World War, the breed’s viability was once again challenged, and in late 1945, it was determined to encourage cross-breeding between dogs of different kinds, and the Belgian Shepherd regained in numbers through careful breeding. However, it is important to highlight that during the two World Wars, Belgian Sheepdogs distinguished themselves on the battlefields, serving as message carriers, Red Cross dogs, and defence dogs. Since then, interest in the breed has continued to grow. They are still used in police work and in search and rescue as well as guide dogs for the blind and service dogs for the handicapped. They continue to prove themselves as a truly versatile breed while still exhibiting the devotion and beauty that first attracted notice in the 19th century.

Moreover, the present breed was established in 1956 and it defined the four types that exist today, the Groenendael, the Laekenois, the Malinois, and the Tervuren. The Tervuren variety is believed to have been created when a brewer, M. Corbeil, bred his fawn long-haired Belgian Shepherd pair, Tom and Poes, one of their kids was a long-haired fawn bitch named Miss, who was bought by an M. Deanhieux. According to experts, Miss then was bred with Duc de Groenendael, the Groenendael variety’s foundation sire, and the fawn progeny formed the Tervuren variety, named after the Tervuren location. The Tervuren variation is thought to be extremely hardy and healthy and many breeders in Europe utilize it to supplement the bloodline of other breeds, particularly the Groenendael.

Recognition

The Belgian Shepherd is recognized as a single breed with four unique types by the majority of national kennel organizations across the world, including the Société Royal Saint-Hubert and the Federation Cynologique Internationale. The American Kennel Club, for example, recognized the four variants as distinct breeds, which has caused some confusion among American breeders who breed from imported European stock. The Tervuren remains the second most popular one among the four, following the Groenendael. European Groenendaels in particular can produce Tervuren coloured puppies, which can be registered as Tervurens in most of the globe but would be disqualified in the United States.

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