• 0

Bouvier des Ardennes Information & Dog Breed Facts

Collection of all the general dog breed info about Bouvier des Ardennes so you can get to know the breed more.

Group Working Dogs
Popularity Rank298
Reviews0
User Ratings
Compare Compare
Bouvier des Ardennes
OriginBelgium
Other Names
What other names does the Bouvier des Ardennes have? The dog breed also known as...
Ardennes Cattle Dog
Breed Type
What type of dog breed is it?
Purebred
AKC Group
Is Bouvier des Ardennes recognized by the American Kennel Club?
Not recognized by the American Kennel Club.
FCI Group
Is Bouvier des Ardennes recognized by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI)?
Recognized by FCI in the Sheepdogs and Cattledogs (except Swiss Cattledogs) group, in the Cattledogs (except Swiss Cattledogs) section.
Price
How much does the Bouvier des Ardennes puppy cost? What is the price range of this puppy? What is the average price of this dog in the United States? Is this puppy expensive? How much should I pay for it? Bouvier des Ardennes price:
$500-$600
If you choose to purchase the Bouvier des Ardennes, you should know that the mentioned amount of money is an average of the collected data from breeders’ sites and puppy finder places. If you have a Bouvier des Ardennes for sale, please advertise it on a reliable website to make sure the Bouvier des Ardennes gets to a happy place.

Bouvier des Ardennes History

The Bouvier des Ardennes is a Belgian herding breed that can trace its origins back to the region of Ardennes, after which they derive their name. Because of the lack of documentation and records, experts can only just presume the date of this breed’s development, consequently, it is assumed that the Bouvier des Ardennes was approximately developed in the 17th century.

The breed is thought to be developed by farmers, who were mainly focusing on the dogs’ capabilities, rather than their homogenous physical appearances. The dogs were developed with respect to the harsh terrain and climate; thus, the breed was specifically developed to suit the Belgian environment. Traditionally, the Bouvier des Ardennes was created in order to help farmers herd and drive the cattle even though longer distances, but later they were proven to be very successful and talented hunting companions as well. The breed was mostly used to hunt wild boar and deer in the Belgian countryside. The breed was also used for guarding property and livestock. The first written document presenting the Bouvier des Ardennes as a well-established and refined breed dates back to sometime in the early 19th century. Despite the documents, scientists have not been able to determine what breeds contributed to the development of the Bouvier des Ardennes. The most probable theory suggests that early Sheepdogs from England, the Barbet, and the Dutch Griffon were included in the initial breeding mixture.

Towards the end of the 19th century, dog shows became increasingly popular all over Europe, thus Belgium too, started to be interested in refining their indigenous dog breeds, in order to be able to draw up a breed standard, and then finally, to compete for their breeds in the national and international rings. Quickly after that, the Liege Society for Improvement was founded in 1913, and shortly after, the Bouvier des Ardennes was introduced to that standardized breeding program. During the First World War, the breed was used as a service dog, as a messenger, and as a search and rescue dog that locates ammunition in mines. Moreover, the dogs meant the survival of the trapped families in Belgium, as they provided the nutrition from their hunting activities, for the families in need. For that reason, the breed became highly esteemed, moreover, not long after that, in 1923, the Belgian Kennel Club was founded, which recognized the Bouvier des Ardennes as their first breed. Despite their popularity, the Second World War almost completely wiped out the whole Bouvier des Ardennes population, only a few devoted breeders managed to revive the breed from the brink of extinction. Interestingly, according to common belief, the breed went extinct by the middle of the 20th century, however, researchers found a group of purebred Bouvier des Ardennes, which they were working with, in rural farms in southern Belgium.

Breeders worked tirelessly on refining and cultivating the breed according to the written standard throughout the 1980s and the 1990s. Their hard work paid off in 2006 when the UKC (United Kennel Club) recognized the breed. Nowadays, the Bouvier des Ardennes is considered a rare breed and is mostly kept as hunting or as a devoted family companion.

Bouvier des Ardennes General Appearance & Basic Info

Size
What size is this breed? How big is this dog? Bouvier des Ardennes size:
LargeMedium
Weight
How much does the Bouvier des Ardennes weigh? Bouvier des Ardennes weight:
Male: 62–77 pounds (28–35 kg), Female: 49–62 pounds (22–28 kg)
Avg. Weight
What is the average weight of the Bouvier des Ardennes? Bouvier des Ardennes average weight:
Male: 62–77 pounds (28–35 kg), Female: 49–62 pounds (22–28 kg)
Height
How tall is the Bouvier des Ardennes? Bouvier des Ardennes height:
Male: 22–25 inches (55–63 cm), Female: 20–22 inches (51–57 cm)
Avg. Height
What is the average height of this fido? Bouvier des Ardennes average height:
Male: 22–25 inches (55–63 cm), Female: 20–22 inches (51–57 cm)

Bouvier des Ardennes Hair & Care

Coat / Hair Types
What type of coat does the Bouvier des Ardennes have? What does this canine coat/fur look like?
Double
Colors
What color is the breed's coat? What color is a proper Bouvier des Ardennes's coat?
FawnGreyBlack
Grooming
How to groom the Bouvier des Ardennes and how often?
Advanced: The Bouvier des Ardennes requires a lot of grooming. Cutting the dog's hair by a professional groomer can be helpful sometimes. Regular brushed dog's coat is less likely to shed. Ears and eyes should be cleaned often to avoid infections. Don't skip the seasonal flea treatment too. Occasional dog nail trimming and dog bath is important. Check the local pet store for dog grooming supplies and find the best dog shampoo to keep its coat healthy and to give your Bouvier des Ardennes a pleasant experience of a dog bath. If you don't have the time, skill or money to take care of your Bouvier des Ardennes, search for the best dog groomer or clipping service in your area and book an appointment. Maybe you're lucky to have a dog boarding service that includes grooming or walk in dog bath places nearby.
Shedding Level
How much do Bouvier des Ardennes dogs shed? How to control, reduce and prevent the shedding of the Ardennes Cattle Dog? Bouvier des Ardennes shedding level:
Bouvier des Ardenness shed above average. It's a natural process of the hair growth cycle. The amount and frequency of hair loss mostly depend on their health status and breed type. If you don't like vacuum cleaning, you might have to reconsider your choice of having a puppy from the Bouvier des Ardennes breed.

Bouvier des Ardennes Characteristics

Temperament
What kind of personality does the Bouvier des Ardennes have? What characteristics or traits does the breed have?
AdaptableObstinateCuriousPlayful
Intelligent Rank
How smart is the Bouvier des Ardennes? Are they intelligent?
Smart: Bouvier des Ardennes's has great intelligence. They understand and memorize new commands in 15-25 repetitions.
Trainability
Are Bouvier des Ardennes dogs easy to train? Do they go well on dog training?
Bouvier des Ardenness are easy to train. They find out the association between commands and actions quite quickly.
Playfulness
How playful is this breed?
Bouvier des Ardenness, like any other dog breed, like playing. Sometimes they bark as excitement for playing, but they are not the most playful dog breed.
Sensitivity Level
How sensitive are they? Bouvier des Ardennes sensitivity:
Bouvier des Ardenness have an average emotional level and are not the most sensitive dog breed. Sometimes it's okay to change the daily routine, have guests and listen to loud music. Some dogs handle moderate punishment very well, while others crumble apart at a dirty look. This breed is not affected emotionally for moderate punishment.
Affection Level
How affectionate are they? Are they affectionate?
Bouvier des Ardenness are average dogs regarding their affection level. Some breeds are forthcoming and friendly, while others are independent and don't bond too closely to their owners.
Social Needs
How much social interaction does the Ardennes Cattle Dog need? Bouvier des Ardennes social needs:
Bouvier des Ardenness need for social interaction is average. This breed likes being around people or other animals, but they don't mind being left alone for a few hours either.
Barking
Do Bouvier des Ardennes dogs bark a lot? Are they barkers/noisy? Why does my Ardennes Cattle Dog bark?
Average: The Bouvier des Ardennes barks occasionally. They can change their barks depending on their emotional level and what they're trying to say. Different barks could mean the same and same barks could have a different meaning. Top reasons for barking: protection, alarm, fear, boredom, attention seeking, greeting, separation anxiety, compulsive barking.
Watchdog Ability
Is Bouvier des Ardennes good as a watchdog? Are they alert at night?
Bouvier des Ardenness are average watchdogs. If they sense something different, they will alert you, but the observation isn't considered as their main job.
Guarding Behavior / Territorial
Do Bouvier des Ardennes dogs have an aggressive behavior to protect their home/house/territory? Do they have guarding instincts?
Bouvier des Ardenness are average defenders. Some dogs are very protective of their territory, while others easily let a stranger to trespass. This breed is not sure to defend his territory in every situation.
Biting Potential
Do Bouvier des Ardennes bite humans? How likely are you to get bitten from the Ardennes Cattle Dog? What are the odds of getting bitten by a Bouvier des Ardennes? Why do dog bites happen?
Low
The Bouvier des Ardennes has a low chance of biting somebody. Top reasons for dog bite: protection, pain, excitement, herding instinct, being provoked. (Data based on the available online bite statistics.)
Mouthiness
How much mouthing/nipping/play biting does the Bouvier des Ardennes do?
Bouvier des Ardenness have an average tendency to nip, chew, play-bite, or herd people. It's a common habit during puppyhood, not aggressive behavior. These "bites" don't hurt, but Bouvier des Ardenness need to be taught for a good attitude.
Impulse to Wander or Roam
How likely is the Bouvier des Ardennes to run away? Does this breed explore or wander a lot? Does Bouvier des Ardennes roam?
Wanderlust potential of the Bouvier des Ardennes is strong enough to escape from home. They have a strong desire for exploring the world. Safer to walk them on a leash unless you teach them how to get back to you on command.
Prey Drive
Do this canine have a strong prey drive? Does Bouvier des Ardennes have high prey drive?
Bouvier des Ardenness have a higher impulse to chase and catch something than other dog breeds. Cats or any other small animals might be in danger. It's a natural instinct, doesn't necessarily mean that Bouvier des Ardenness are aggressive. Better to keep this breed on a leash.
Apartment Friendly
Is Bouvier des Ardennes good as an apartment dog? Can they live in a flat?
Nem lakásbarát kutya Bouvier des Ardennes. Ha nincs kerted, akkor jól gondold át a döntésedet, sok gondot okozhat Bouvier des Ardennes tartása lakásban.
Adaptability
Are they adaptable and easy-going?
Bouvier des Ardenness adapt well to lifestyle changes and different living environments. They don't mind moving from one place to another with their owner.
Tolerates Being Left Alone
Can you leave this breed home alone?
Just like every puppy, they are prone to panic, cry, bark, whine when they left alone by their owner. With proper socialization and quality time with the dog can solve this problem.
Fighting Dog
Where Bouvier des Ardennes dogs used as a fighting dog in the history?
Not really
In history, this breed was not really used for combat dog.

Bouvier des Ardennes Good With

Stranger Friendly
Are they aggressive or friendly towards/with strangers? Bouvier des Ardennes temperament with other people:
Bouvier des Ardenness are not the most stranger friendly dogs.
Child Friendly
Are Bouvier des Ardennes dogs kid-friendly? Are they good with young children? Bouvier des Ardennes temperament with children:
Bouvier des Ardenness are kid-friendly dogs. This breed is a good choice if you have children.
Cat Friendly
How well do Bouvier des Ardennes dogs get along with cats? Are they good with kittens? What is this fido's temperament with cats? Can they be good with cats?
Bouvier des Ardenness are average friendly towards cats.
Dog Friendly
Is Bouvier des Ardennes good with other dogs? Are they dog-friendly dogs? How well do Bouvier des Ardennes dogs get along with other dogs? What is this canine temperament with other dogs?
Bouvier des Ardenness are average friendly towards other dogs.
Office Friendly
Are Bouvier des Ardenness good office dogs? Do Bouvier des Ardenness make good office friendly dogs? Can Bouvier des Ardenness be office dogs?
No
Bouvier des Ardennes is not the best dog breed for office environment.
Senior Citizens Friendly
Are they senior citizens friendly dogs? How well do Bouvier des Ardennes dogs get along with the elderly people? What is the Ardennes Cattle Dog temperament with senior people? Are Bouvier des Ardennes dogs good for elderly owners?
Bouvier des Ardenness are usually recommended for elderly people.
Pet Friendly
Are they pet-friendly dogs? How well do Bouvier des Ardennes dogs get along with other pets? Are Bouvier des Ardennes dogs good with pets? What is this canine temperament with other pets?
Bouvier des Ardenness are generally with other pets.
Good For First Time Owners
Is Bouvier des Ardennes breed good for first-time owners? Do they make a good dog for novice owners?
Yes
Bouvier des Ardenness are good for novice owners, due to their easy-going personality.
Service Dog
Are they good as service dogs? Can Bouvier des Ardennes be a guide dog? Are they used as seeing-eye dogs?
Not really
This breed generally not used as a service dog. A service dog is a term used in the USA to refer to any type of assistance dog specifically trained to help people who have disabilities, such as visual impairment, hearing impairments, mental disorders, seizures, mobility impairment, and diabetes. Service dogs are protected under the ADA (Americans with Disabilities Act). Bouvier des Ardennes is not the best breed for service purposes.
Therapy Dog
Are they good as therapy dogs? Can Bouvier des Ardennes be a therapy dog? Are they good anxiety dogs? Can a Bouvier des Ardennes be an emotional support animal?
Not really
This breed generally not used as a therapy dog. A therapy dog is a dog that might be trained to provide affection, comfort, and love to people in hospitals, retirement homes, nursing homes, schools, hospices, disaster areas, and to people with anxiety disorders or autism. Bouvier des Ardennes is not the best breed for therapeutic purposes.
Detection Dog or Sniffer Dog
Are they good as detection dogs? Can Bouvier des Ardennes be a sniffer dog?
Not really
A detection dog or sniffer dog is a dog that is trained to use its senses (mostly its smell) to detect substances such as explosives, illegal drugs, wildlife scat, currency, blood, and contraband electronics such as illicit mobile phones. Bouvier des Ardennes is not the best breed for detection purposes.
Search and Rescue Dog (SAR)
Are they good as SAR dogs? Can Bouvier des Ardennes be a search and rescue dog?
Not really
The use of dogs in search and rescue (SAR) is a valuable component in wilderness tracking, natural disasters, mass casualty events, and in locating missing people. The Bouvier des Ardennes is not the best breed for SAR purposes.
Boat Dog
Are they good as boat dogs? Can Bouvier des Ardennes be a boat dog?
Not really
Bouvier des Ardennes breed usually doesn't like being on a boat.
Cart Pulling or Drafting Dog
Are they good as cart pulling dogs? Can Bouvier des Ardennes be a drafting dog?
Not really
A drafting dog or draft dog is a dog bred and used for cart pulling. Dogs bred for this work have strong builds and qualities that are needed, strength and determination. Bouvier des Ardennes is not the best breed for drafting purposes.

Bouvier des Ardennes Health Factors

Health Issues
Is it a healthy or unhealthy breed? Do Bouvier des Ardennes dogs have health problems or genetic diseases?
The Bouvier des Ardennes is a healthy breed, but there are certain health issues that you should check with your vet regularly.
Life Expectancy
How long do Bouvier des Ardennes dogs live? What is the average lifespan of this breed? How old can a Bouvier des Ardennes be?
12-14 years
Hypoallergenic
Is the Bouvier des Ardennes breed hypoallergenic?
No
Bouvier des Ardenness don't do well with allergy sufferers by causing allergic reaction. Some of the dog breeds are even considered to higher the possibility of an allergic response. Coat type isn't necessarily relevant, because most people are allergic to dander (flakes on the dog's skin) or saliva, not actually to dog hair.
Energy Level
How much energy does the Bouvier des Ardennes have? What is the activity level of the Bouvier des Ardennes?
Bouvier des Ardenness have an average energy level, so if you live a semi-active life, this breed can be a good choice for you.
Activity Requirement / Exercise Need
How much activity does this dog need? How much exercise do Bouvier des Ardennes dogs require per day?
Bouvier des Ardenness have an average exercise need. This breed is satisfied with short walks every weekday and a long one on weekends.
Sleeping Need
How much sleep does this fido need?
Bouvier des Ardenness sleep 12-14 hours a day as an average dog and they're not considered as a lazy breed.
Avg. daily food consumption
How much food does the Bouvier des Ardennes need? How often should I feed my canine? What dog products should I buy?
3 to 5 cups of a high-quality dog food daily, divided into two meals.
Weight Gain Potential / Prone to Obesity
How easy to gain weight for this dog? Bouvier des Ardennes risk for obesity:
Average to High. If you don't pay attention to the Bouvier des Ardennes's weight, he can easily gain weight. More than one daily walk should be on schedule. To make your dog happy and fit, feed him with quality dry dog food and live an active life together. Try to find the happy medium between exercise and feeding. If you notice any weight gain, consult your veterinarian and make a diet plan. Reduce unhealthy food and snacks, and measure the Bouvier des Ardennes's weight regularly.
Weather & Climate
Which weather condition is preferred by this dog? Can they tolerate hot and cold weather & climate?
Prefers average to warm weather conditions
Stinkiness
How stinky is this dog? Why does it smell bad and how to get rid of the smell?
Medium
The Bouvier des Ardennes has an average chance of bad smell. Top reasons for dog stinkiness: infection of bad tooth/ear/skin folds, gas attacks.
Drooling tendency
Does the Bouvier des Ardennes drool?
The Bouvier des Ardennes is a perfect example for very low drooling tendency. If you're disgusted by slobber spots on your clothes, the Bouvier des Ardennes could be a perfect choice for you. Drooling is the unintentional saliva flowing outside of the mouth. It can be completely normal or a sign of a health problem. Certain dog breeds drool minimal compared to others, just like the Bouvier des Ardennes. If you notice any change in your dog's drooling habit, you should contact a vet as soon as possible.

Bouvier des Ardennes Reproducibility

Gestation Length
How long does this dog's pregnancy last? How long does this dog pregnant? How long does it take to have puppies?
60-64 days
Reproductive cycle of the female Bouvier des Ardennes: The first period called Proestrus lasts for about 9 days. During this time the females start to attract males. You can notice by swelling vulva and bloody discharge. The second part is the Estrus when the female is receptive for the male. It lasts for about 3 to 11 days. The sign of the proestrus part is the soft and enlarged vulva. The discharge decreases and lightens in color. The third part is the Diestrus. Normally, it occurs around day 14. In this period the female’s discharge changes for vivid red and coming to its end. The vulva returns to average, and she will no longer permit mating. The fourth part called the Anestrus. The time frame between heat periods normally lasts about six months.
How often can the Bouvier des Ardennes have a litter? Once a year.
More frequent breeding is not healthy. It is very important not to buy a dog from a puppy mill, where the needs of the pups and their mothers are ignored. It's an inhumane high-volume dog breeding facility, where puppies born several times a year.
Litter Size
How many puppies can the Bouvier des Ardennes have? What is the average litter size of this fido?
4-6 puppies

Bouvier des Ardennes Pros & Cons

Pros
  • Intelligent Rank: Smart: Bouvier des Ardennes's has great intelligence.
  • Trainability: Bouvier des Ardenness are easy to train.
  • Drooling tendency: The Bouvier des Ardennes is a perfect example for very low drooling tendency.
  • Adaptability: Bouvier des Ardenness adapt well to lifestyle changes and different living environments.
  • Child Friendly: Bouvier des Ardenness are kid-friendly dogs.
  • Senior Citizens Friendly: Bouvier des Ardenness are usually recommended for elderly people.
  • Good For First Time Owners: Bouvier des Ardenness are good for novice owners, due to their easy-going personality.
Cons
  • Hypoallergenic: Bouvier des Ardenness don't do well with allergy sufferers by causing allergic reaction.
  • Apartment Friendly: Nem lakásbarát kutya Bouvier des Ardennes.
  • Grooming: Advanced: The Bouvier des Ardennes requires a lot of grooming.
  • Shedding Level: Bouvier des Ardenness shed above average.
  • Weight Gain Potential / Prone to Obesity: Average to High.
  • Impulse to Wander or Roam: Wanderlust potential of the Bouvier des Ardennes is strong enough to escape from home.
  • Office Friendly: Bouvier des Ardennes is not the best dog breed for office environment.

Latest Bouvier des Ardennes Compares

Rate The Bouvier des Ardennes Breed

Bouvier des Ardennes Comments, Reviews & Questions